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Branchlines, Vol. 12, no. 3 Watts, Susan B.; University of British Columbia. Faculty of Forestry 2001

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Volume 12  No. 3 December, 2001 From  the Dean's  Desk Jack Saddler s you can read on pg. 5 of Branch Lines, we celebrated the 50th year of the Faculty of Forestry, here at UBC, on December 3rd. The day was a tremendous success and, based on the positive responses from very many of the participants, many others shared this view. What struck me more than anything else about our anniver-sary day was the obvious pride and sense of owner- ship that so many people had about being “part” of B.C.’s forestry community. This sense of pride was evident with the more than 500 school children who spent the afternoon touring around “forestry walks” describing our current research pro- jects, as well as with our many Alumni who enjoyed special events and the special celebrations of past contributions to the Faculty’s storied past. The emotions of the day were almost in stark contrast to the following day’s “International Forestry Edu- cators meeting” which was primarily con- cerned about the world-wide trend of falling recruitment in forestry education. We were very fortunate to co-host this international day with Dr. Hosny El-Lakany and his colleagues from the UN Food and Agricultural (FAO) Agency. Many key peo- ple from forestry institutions ranging from Sweden to Australasia, the Philippines to the Congo, travelled to Vancouver to attend this inaugural strategic planning meeting. The events of our December 3rd anniver- sary day celebrated how far the disciplines of forestry have evolved.  Few people, even twenty years ago, would have predicted the key role that social sciences, arts and humani- ties now have in refining what many stake- holders constitute as “forestry”. It was also recognised that core disciplines such as silviculture, dendrology and forest manage- ment/operations must continue to grow and attract good people to advance our knowl- edge base. Similarly, value added opportuni- ties will not only include advanced wood products and engineering/design elements but also the non-timber values such as re- creation and the other “products” from our forests. Overall the feedback from the anni- versary celebrations on December 3rd was of a mood of optimism, pride and a reconfirma- tion that the ever-expanding interpretation of what we collectively define as forestry is still very much at the core of what many of us think defines British Columbia and Canada. The international day on December 4th served to confirm the key role that B.C. and Canada must play in defining how forestry will evolve.  As was noted in the day’s discus- sions, while the number of disciplines en- compassed by forestry, broadly-defined, is increasing, most forest-based educational institutions are in decline, both in faculty and student numbers. This decline in interest in forestry education is occurring at the same time as the world’s population is targeted to grow from today’s 6.5 billion people to 9–11 billion by 2050. Such a population boom will result in consequential increasing needs for clean water, forest products, energy and healthy, natural ecosystems. The inter- disciplinary nature of the Faculty of For- estry at UBC and the strategy of encourag- ing forestry as a “focus” for UBC’s depart- ments/programs such as psychology, land- scape architecture, building design, botany, was heartily endorsed and celebrated by our international colleagues. Rather than reflect on the reasons why traditional programs are in decline, the opti- mistic mood of the previous day encouraged the international group to think of ways of growing in the direction and breadth that society needs forestry to evolve and to com- municate and work with individuals, disci- plines and agencies which would not normal- ly associate with forestry. This was thought to be a pivotal strategy if we are to reverse the global trend of decreasing under- graduate enrolment.  It was clear that to suc- cessfully reinvent what we think should en- compass the broad disciplines of “new for- estry”, we need to better communicate these goals to society as a whole.  Most importantly it will help attract both the quantity and quality of students that we need if we are to realize the goal of producing the leaders that will implement and refine the range of social, technical and scientific disciplines that now constitute “new forestry”.  In many parts of the world, there is a documented decreasing trend in the number of students wanting to take a degree in resource-based disciplines such as agriculture, forestry and mining. Although there is, as yet, no clear evidence why this trend is occurring, it is likely that the perception that resource disci- plines are passé and unexciting has a fair amount to do with the decline. This impres- sion did not seem to be shared by all of the school students who visited our 50th celebra- tions, or by many of our Alumni who seem- ed to be very pleased by the breadth and depth of the Faculty’s research and educa- tion initiatives.  Elsewhere I have emphasized the need to work on the three Rs of forestry. In this case they are not the reading, writing and arithmetic of a traditional education, but Re-invention, Research and Recruitment, each of which are critical to the future of new forestry in B.C., Canada and most of the rest of the world. I hope to share the Faculty of Forestry’s strategy in each of these areas in future editorials. You can reach me in person, by letter, fax 604–822–8645, phone 604–822–2467, or e- mail saddler@interchg.ubc.ca. A Wood  Science  Department RESEARCH   HIGHLIGHT 2Branch Lines DEPARTMENT  NEWS Interdisciplinary model aids forest ecosystem planning MAJOR difficulty in public forest management planning is in dealing with the multiple objectives of the many stake- holders. Forest management in B.C. has reached an evolutionary stage where it is in- creasingly important to satisfy the diverse social needs of the public in addition to con- siderations such as sustained yield and environmental quality. The increasing focus on these important goals has had a large impact on the forest industry. Up to now this impact has been felt in a regulatory fashion. Forest products com- panies often confront these social-constraints without the ability to affect change through better long-term planning. The question that faces us now as we re-evaluate the forest tenure system in British Columbia is whether our planning models can properly consider social needs in context – so that planning can be conducted to provide guidance on the interrelationships in the entire ecosystem. An interdisciplinary project underway at UBC will develop technology for better plan- ning and allocation of resources from the forest to the manufactured product. The re- sulting model will consider environmental issues, socio-economic goals, log quality and value-added manufacturing. It will integrate long-term harvest scheduling functions, in- cluding environmental and forest practices issues, with tactical decisions such as log allocation, merchandising, manufacturing and marketing, and operational issues such as what product to make when. The resulting Forest Planning Model will consist of three planning levels.  The strategic The tactical level considers the socio- economic goals of the region including employment, community stability and development as well as the economic in- terests of the companies, and allocates cut blocks to companies to achieve the overall goals. The goal of the tactical level is to en- sure fairness in timber allocation, encourage further manufacturing within the district and promote community stability. The operational level schedules harvests and assists with production decisions in- cluding which products to manufacture, in- ventory balancing, and technology invest- ment. The goal of the operational level is to ensure that the right product is produced at the right time. The three levels are connected through shared data and communicating the mar- ginal values of resources up through the various levels.  The full model will run in an iterative fashion, each level passing infor- mation to and from the other levels until convergence. This procedure allows each level of the temporal hierarchy to focus on satisfying broadly different goals, yet each level can also consider the impact on deci- sions on the other levels. The basic tenet is that the economic and operational functions of the forest industry must fit within the constraints dictated by the strategic goals of the public landowner. The planning model will seek to find an opti- mal solution for forest development given that the long-term sustainability of the re- source is paramount. However, the primary usefulness of the model may be in provid- ing a useful tool to evaluate policy scenarios considering the many complex interrela- tionships in Forest Ecosystem Planning. For further information, please contact Dr. Tom Maness at 604–822–2150; fax 604–822– 9104 or e-mail maness@interchg.ubc.ca. A level looks out over 100 years and considers the broad goals for sustainability and di- versity, and determines the available cut blocks for harvesting in the next decade. The goal of the strategic level is to guide the evolution of a natural forest toward some targeted condition defined by sustaina- bility in health, species diversity and provi- sion of public and market values. The re- search in this level will integrate strategic models developed by research teams under the direction of Drs. John Nelson and Fred Bunnell. HARVESTING MODEL ATLAS:  Technical Landscape Analysis System TIMBER  ALLOCATION MODEL SAWMILL1 (Large Diameters) SPCM SAWMILL2 (Small Diameters) SPCM OTHER FACILITIES (Future) Secondary Manufacturing Facility VAFM MARKET DATA WOODS BUCKING MODEL DP LOG PURCHASING LOG SELLING Strategic Level (100 Yr Outlook -- 10 Year  plan) General Goal - Biodivers ity & Economic Stability Cruise Data Environmental Data Socio- Economic Indicators Tactical Level (10 Yr  Outlook -- 1 Year  plan) Gener al Goal - Resour ce Allocation Operation Level (1 Yr  Outlook -- Quar ter ly Plan) Gener al Goal - Production Optimization Strategic L vel (100 Yr Outlook – 10 Ye r Plan) r l oal – Biodiversity & Economic Stability Tactical l (10 r utl ok – 1Year Plan) General Goal – esource Allocation Operation Level (1 Yr O k – uarterly Plan) Gen ral Goal – Pro i n ptimization andy McKellar has been appointed Task Force Chair of  the Forest Resource Educa- tors Network. This newly created network will provide leadership toward support and delivery of a program of educational activi- ties in schools, post secondary institutions and the community. In September, Dr. Dave Cohen gave a pre- sentation at the Asian Housing Export Conference in Seattle Washington entitled, “China: Wood Use, the Logging Ban and Entry into the WTO.” At the same meet- ing, Dave and Chris Gaston (Forintek Canada Corp.) gave a joint presentation entitled, “Japan: What Consumers are Demanding in Housing.” In November, Drs. Rob Kozak and Chris Gaston gave an invited presentation on “Life Cycle Analysis” at the Workshop on Climate Change, Carbon and Forestry on Orcas Island, Washington. S In September, Dr. Shawn Mansfield gave an invited lecture at the Flemington Lecture Series at Mount Allison Univer- sity, Sackville, NB entitled “Forest Bio- technology: Emerging Technologies for Today’s Waste and Tomorrow’s Trees.” In October, Dr. John Ruddick gave an invited presentation on the “Fixation Chemistry of Ammine and Amine Copper Wood Preservatives” to the Meeting of the Canadian Wood Preservation Association held in Toronto. ❏ ❏ Forest  Resources  Management  Department RESEARCH   HIGHLIGHT 3Branch Lines DEPARTMENT  NEWS Representational validity of landscape visualizations ANDSCAPE quality assessment is an important component of environmen- tal planning and management. Traditional- ly, photographs have been used to represent environmental conditions in the context of landscape quality assessments and environ- mental perception research. In recent years representational options have been significantly expanded by computer modeling and computer graphic technologies that can provide precise visualizations based on inventoried, or model- projected, biophysical data. An important assumption underlying the use of computer rendered visualizations is that human viewers’ responses to these repre- sentations provide valid indica- tions of perceptions and judg- ments made in response to direct experience with the landscape conditions nominally represented. Recently we have investigated the validity of using peoples’ per- ceptions and preferences based on computer- generated environmental visualizations to assess the quality of the actual landscapes represented. To do this the same set of 48 forest landscape scenes were represented by visualizations rendered at four different levels of realism-abstraction (full colour, grayscale, 4-bit colour and black and white sketch). The resulting images were pre- sented to observers who rated the perceived scenic beauty of the common set of forest landscape scenes. The conjoint validity of the scenic beauty ratings of each visualiza- tion mode was primarily assessed by correla- tions with the ratings based on the high resolution, full colour representation. The pattern of intercorrelations suggests a hierarchy of representational validity rang- ing from grayscale representations to the black and white sketch representations. Based on this study, visualizations intended to provide indications of perceived scenic beauty for forest landscapes would be valid only if high levels of (photo-) realism were achieved in the graphic displays. Prior ex- perience with the full color representations of the assessed scenes improved correla- tions between abstract and full colour visualizations, but only slightly. Familiarity with the environments represented may improve observers’ ability to “read” abstract representations, but it would appear to require more (and perhaps different) pre- exposure than was provided in this experi- ment to produce such familiarity benefits. The implications of this finding are important for environmental perception research and for landscape quality assess- ment practice. Computer visualizations will increasingly be used to represent predicted or potential (hypothetical) environmental conditions to public audiences in the con- text of formal public participation proces- ses. Assuming the intent (and perhaps even the legal obligation) is to accurately depict those conditions, and cor- rectly ascertain public reactions/ preferences, the representational validity of visualizations becomes paramount. Environmental visuali- zations may accurately project and portray relevant biophysical con- ditions, but still produce percep- tions, interpretations and/or value judgments that are not consistent with those that would be produced by actual encounters with the environments represented. Envi- ronmental value assessments based on such visualizations will not be valid. Environmental policies and management decisions based on predictions of public preferences derived from inappropriate representations will not achieve the intended benefits, and may well damage the credibility of the persons or agencies conducting the assessment. Until a better understanding of the effects of visualizations on human perceptions and judgments is achieved, the use of these representational media in formal assess- ments and public participation procedures must proceed with caution. For further information, please contact Dr. Mike Meitner at 604-822-0029; fax 604-822- 9106 or e-mail meitner@interchg.ubc.ca. L Within-subjects comparisons with full colour condition.  0 .7219 0 .4488 0 .0201 0 .5514 0 .26 8 0 .69 9 0 0 .2 0 .4 0 .6 0 .8 1 G ray Sc ale 4-bit  C olor B/W  Sk etch R epresen tatio n C on ditio n F ull C olor (se en f irs t) Full  C olor (se en s ec ond) C o rr e la ti o n  Co e ff ic ie n t Representation Condition Co rr el at io n C oe ffi ci en t Grayscale n November 6, Dr. Stephen Sheppard gave the second lecture in our Jubilee Lec- ture Series. See page 6 for further informa- tion. He also gave a presentation on land- scape design and visible stewardship in August for the Canadian Institute of For- estry conference. In June, members of the Collaborative for Advanced Landscape Planning conducted a workshop with the Chief Forester and senior members of the Ministry of Forests on ap- proaches to public communications and participatory forest planning and design. Dr. Gary Bull gave a presentation on sus- tainable forest management in Sakhelin, Russia, organized by Forest Trends. He was appointed a member of the Steering Com- mittee on Environmental Indicators, National Roundtable on Environment and Economy. Recently, Dr. John Innes gave presenta- tions on forestry innovation in B.C. at an international workshop in Costa Rica and on endangered forests at a conference in Sault Ste. Marie. Dr. Innes has co-edited a book on “the impact of greenhouse gases on forest ecosystems,” published by CABI Publishing, U.K.  He also co-edited a guide- book on the identification of “ozone- induced foliar injury,” published by Haupt, Switzerland. O  ll colou  (s en first) ll colour (s en second) it olour Forest  Sciences  Department RESEARCH   HIGHLIGHT 4Branch Lines DEPARTMENT  NEWS Fishy behaviour: migration tactics of adult salmon ACIFIC salmon perform a mighty meta- bolic feat when they swim hundreds, sometimes over 1000 kilometres upriver to their birthplaces to spawn. Often they must overcome strong currents, rapids, and artificial barriers like dams, and, they accomplish this all without feeding so energy conservation is at a premium. Research in our lab has been focused on uncovering the behavioural and physiological mechanisms by which they can achieve this remarkable feat. An understanding of this is critical if we are to predict how salmon will be able to cope with alterations to their migratory habitat through changes to: river depths and temperatures caused by climate change, bank configura- tions from urban or agricultural devel- opment, and, natural water courses due to culvert and bridge installations. This research has been ongoing for the past decade and currently involves collaborations with several faculty and graduate students at UBC and SFU, and with scientists at DFO and BC Hydro. We collect behavioural information on adult salmon migrating up the Fraser River mainstem and its tribu- taries using physiological radiotele- metry which enables a detailed record- ing of an individual fish’s instantane- ous swimming speeds and metabolic rates over spatial scales of several kilo- meters. This approach has generated powerful insights into how salmon migrate in large rivers. We have extensively studied sockeye salmon, a long distance migrator, and pink salmon, a short distance migrator, and have found that both conserve energy using some similar approaches. These include actively selecting pathways with low-speed and reverse-direction encountered flows which occur near riverbanks and bottoms. They both have also been observed ad- justing swimming speeds, moment to moment, to achieve maximum meta- bolic efficiencies in relation to tem- perature and encountered flow drag. For both species, females are more efficient in their use of energy for swimming, presumably because the production of eggs, in progress during the migration, is more costly than that of sperm. Where these species differ is how they ‘solve’ the problem of passage through obstacles. In reaches with rapids and fast currents (see graph), sockeye utilize an erratic swimming approach involving rapid sprints of over 6 m/sec and explore pathways well into the main cur- rents, whereas pink display a much slower and consistent swimming speed pattern and stay near shore. Although we know little about why these closely related species differ in their migration strategies, our results emphasize how species-specific we must be when designing road cross- ings, passage facilities, or in making predictions of how migrants will fare under changing environments. For further information, please con- tact Dr. Scott Hinch at 604–822–9377, fax 604–822–9102 or e-mail shinch@ interchg.ubc.ca. The two graphs are plots of instantaneous swimming speeds (estimated from sensors surgically implanted into main swimming muscles) for a typical pink and sockeye salmon to pass through a 400-m reach in the Fraser River canyon. Speeds are given in absolute (m/sec) and relative (body lengths/sec) measures. The horizontal lines (@ 3.2 bl/sec) indicate transition zones between low-cost aerobic metabo- lism and high-cost anaerobic metabolism. The map is of a reach containing four islands, white water rapids, and multidirectional currents. The lines on the map represent the upstream trajectory of a pink (dotted) and a sockeye (solid) salmon. P ❏ r. Yousry A. El-Kassaby has been appoint- ed to the Food and Agriculture Organiza- tion of the United Nations Panel of Experts on Forest Gene Resources. Dr. Jane Reid has joined the Forest Sci- ences Department and Centre for Applied Conservation Research as a Killam Post- doctoral Fellow. Jane received her Ph.D. at Glasgow, and will work on interactions of environmental stressors, inbreeding and their impact on the persistence of small animal populations. In October, Dr. Peter Arcese gave a talk on long-term research in land-use plan- ning, animal invasions and extinction in small populations to the University of Michigan School of Natural Resources. Dr. John Richardson recently gave an invited talk to a workshop on headwaters research hosted by the Oregon Forestry Department and Forest Industry. In September, Scott Hinch participated in a workshop in Halifax, NB dealing with the state of aquaculture in Canada. He was also invited in October to the Department of Fish and Wildlife at Oregon State Univer- sity in Corvallis, and to the Hadfield Marine Laboratory in Newport, Oregon, to present research seminars on salmon migration energetics and behaviour. In November, he was invited to a workshop at the Pacific Salmon Commission to study problems with migration mortality in salmon. D ❏ Faculty  News 5Branch Lines Dr. Philip Evans has joined the Wood Sci- ence Department as director of the Centre for Advanced Wood Processing. Phil received his B.Sc. (Hons.) and Ph.D. in Wood Science from the University of Wales (Bangor). The majority of his career to-date has been spent at the Australian National University  (ANU) where he taught wood science in the Department of Forestry and directed ANU’s Centre for the Science and Engin- eering of Materials, a university-wide initiative to facilitate inter- disciplinary teaching and research in the broad area of materials science. Phil is interested in how the surface properties of wood influence its appearance, resistance to weathering, and suitability as a substrate for application of adhesives and finishes. He is currently involved in research projects in Australia, Philippines and closer to home in North America and his former graduate students can be found in many of the government and industry research laboratories in the Asia-Pacific region. As Director of CAWP, Phil’s priority is to provide the means, assistance and resources to enable faculty and support staff to col- lectively deliver high class outcomes in teaching, extension and research. His most immediate concern is to develop a research pro- gram in collaboration with Canada’s secondary wood processing industries that will both inform and strengthen the Centres’ teaching and outreach activities. The Centre will, accordingly, be seeking to develop stronger linkages with Forintek and other organizations that share our interests in advanced wood processing. Phil can be reached at 604-822-0517, fax 604-822-9159 or e-mail phevans@interchg.ubc.ca. 50th Anniversary of the Faculty of Forestry Children gather in atrium for “forestry walks” On December 3rd, 2001, close to 1,000 people attended our gala event to celebrate the 50th year of the Faculty of Forestry at UBC (see the September 2001 issue of Branch Lines for a history of forestry at UBC). The day began with a pancake breakfast for our faculty and staff. Official events began at 12:30 pm with an opening prayer from Elder Bob George and welcoming speeches from Dean Jack Saddler and George Weyerhaeuser. Presentations were made to past deans Bob Kennedy and Joe Gardner and two wood plaques bearing the “protectors of the forest” emblem were unveiled in the atrium. Events moved outside briefly for the dedication of a traditional Transylvanian gate carved from B.C. yellow cedar. The gate is a gift from the Sopron forestry alumni who came to UBC in 1957 following soviet occupation of Hungary. Our celebration day included an encore lecture by John Worrall (which attracted a full house) and special events for local school children. Close to 500 children participated in organ- ized “forestry walks” through the building with scheduled stops at hands-on activities. The day ended with closing speeches by Mike de Jong (For- ests Minister), Barry McBride (VP Academic and Provost, UBC), Hosny El Lakany (Assis- tant Director General, FAO), Lesley Fettes (President, For- estry Undergraduate Society) and Mike Apsey (alumnus, BSF 1961). Following these speeches, the audience was treated to a spectacular visualization demonstra- tion of forestry in the future. To view video clips and photographs of the day’s events, visit our web site at www.forestry.ubc.ca. Dr. Paul McFarlane will be joining the Wood Science Department as professor and head. Paul obtained his B.Tech (Hons.) and Ph.D. in biochemical engineering from Massey Uni- versity in New Zealand. He has worked with the New Zealand Forest Research Institute (now known as Forest Research New Zealand) since 1984, most recently as Portfolio Manager, Sustainability and Risk. Paul served as a member of Forest Re- search’s Executive Management team and will bring to UBC the experiences of an executive manager of a large and complex forestry science organization. Paul McFarlane has an extensive record of scientific leadership and research management, including a background of thirteen years involvement in environmental aspects of solid wood and pulp and paper research. As head of the Wood Science Department at UBC, Paul will pro- vide the leadership and networking necessary to position the depart- ment to tackle some of the major issues confronting the wood pro- ducts industry. In particular, Paul will focus the department towards research and teaching that will lead towards confirmation that wood products are environmentally friendly and development of biolog- ically based materials for the twenty-first century. After mid February 2002, Paul can be reached at 604-822-7667,  fax 604-822-9104 or e-mail pmcfarla@interchg.ubc.ca. Branch Lines 6 ©Faculty of Forestry, 2001  Recycled Paper NEWSLETTER PRODUCTION Branch Lines is published by the Faculty of Forestry at the University of British Columbia three times each year. ISSN 1181-9936. http://www.forestry.ubc.ca/ Editor: Susan B. Watts, Ph.D., R.P.F. In-house typesetting, design and layout: Patsy Quay and Susan B. Watts. Questions concerning the newsletter or requests for mailing list updates, deletions or additions should be directed to Dr. Susan Watts, Newsletter Editor at: Faculty of Forestry, Dean’s Office University of British Columbia Forest Sciences Centre 2005–2424 Main Mall Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4  (604) 822–6316 Fax: (604) 822–8645 E-mail:  suwatts@interchg.ubc.ca FOREST NEWS from the  Malcolm Knapp Research Forest Commercial thinning at the MKRF Shortwood harvester commercial thinnings in 40-year-old Douglas-fir plantation – MKRF 1999. Ph ot o co ur te sy  o f P . L aw so n Over 2000 hectares, or 40% of the MKRF consists of 70-year-old naturally regenerat- ed forests that arose from the great fire of 1931. Many of these overstocked stands are experiencing natural stem exclusion events such as snow press and blowdown. At present, these stands contain high per- centages of small trees with a fine knot and grain structure. Yet while they are com- mercially valuable, the recovery window is rapidly closing as this cohort of interme- diate and suppressed stems decreases. Experiments and trials in commercial thinning have been ongoing at Malcolm Knapp since the 1950s. Studies indicate the following benefits to commercial thinning: • Increased total yield over the rotation by recovering mortality • A benefit to biodiversity by increasing light levels that improve the production of forest floor biota • Increased final stand value by concen- trating growth on fewer larger selected crop trees • Reduced fire and forest health risk by reducing ladder fuels and stressed understory conditions • Increased employment levels by provid- ing incremental fibre Critical to the success of an operational thinning program is marketing of the pro- ducts. Since economics are at the margin, each log must reach its highest value desti- nation. This has been accomplished by: • Selling products directly to the end users • Accessing markets for round-wood (e.g. house logs) and peelers • Marketing of non-mer- chantable materials (e.g. five cm railings) Since 1999, we have thinned 70.1 hectares, re- covering a total volume of 16,000 cubic meters. Harvest methods utilised to date have included: • Shortwood harvester and forwarder • Log length harvester and skidder or skyline (single and multi- span) • Hand falling and skidder or skyline Net returns to the Forest have ranged from $2 to $29 per cubic meter and have, on aver- age, increased each year. If you have any questions, please contact Paul Lawson, Manager of the Malcolm Knapp Research Forest, at 604-463-8148, fax 604- 463-2712 or e-mail plawson@interchg.ubc.ca. Our second, and most recent, Jubilee Lec- ture was given by Stephen Sheppard on November 6, 2001. Stephen is an associate professor at UBC, jointly appointed be- tween Forest Resources Management (Faculty of Forestry) and Landscape Archi- tecture (Faculty of Agricultural Sciences). His illustrated talk entitled “Would you know a socially sustainable forest if you saw one? Why a results-based approach may not be enough,” was very well received by an audience of close to 175 interested individuals. Copies of Stephen’s lecture, as well as the first Jubilee Lecture by Hamish Kimmins, can be obtained by viewing our web site or by writing to the Faculty of Forestry at the address below. The first lecture for 2002 will be on January 22 when Alan Potter, VP Tech- nology at Nexfor Inc., will be speaking on “Innovation in forest products – past, present and future.” This event, which will be coupled with a research poster evening, will be held at 6 pm in room 1005 of the Forest Sciences Centre on the uni- versity campus. The talk will be followed by light refreshments and an opportunity to view poster presentations on current wood science research. On February 19, Clark Binkley, Chief Investment Officer at Hancock Timber Resource Group, will be speaking on “Whence forestry: Future forest land management and implications for education, research and industry.”  This talk will be held at UBC’s new Robson Square campus in downtown Vancouver beginning at 4 pm. On March 5, Fred Bunnell, Director of the Centre for Applied Conservation Research at UBC, will be speaking on the topic of “All the buzz in forestry – buzzwords, buzzsaws and buzzards.” Fred’s talk will be held at 5 pm in room 1005 of the Forest Sciences Centre at UBC and will be followed by a faculty- wide research poster evening. For further information on any of these events, all of which are free and open to the public, visit our web site at www.forestry.ubc.ca/events.html. Jubilee Lecture Series Continues

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