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Branchlines, Vol. 14, no. 2 Watts, Susan B.; University of British Columbia. Faculty of Forestry Sep 30, 2003

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Volume 14  No. 2 September, 2003 From  the Dean's  Desk Jack Saddler “Image is everything,” according to some of  our faculty members at a recent open forum cen- tered around why young people are shying away from forestry degree programs. In fact, many faculty members agreed that there was likely “no image” in the minds of most 18-25 year olds when they think of UBC’s Faculty of Forestry. In a recent phone survey of students planning to enter a science undergraduate program, many high school stu- dents expressed surprise that a forestry pro- gram could include such science-based disci- plines as botany, zoology, conservation biology and chemistry. Fortunately, many others do have an image of our Faculty and it is a positive one. British Columbia’s  recent, hot, dry summer has height- ened awareness of several critical issues – from reduced salmon stocks to a record breaking year of devastating forest fires. In both of these issues our faculty members have been in the forefront of media attention providing expert knowledge and advice to the public. Drs. Scott Hinch (fish conservation) and Michael Feller (fire science) have been interviewed and quoted extensively by regional, national and interna- tional media, indicating that, at least in the eyes of the press, radio, television and web, we have a robust and enviable image as a reliable, impar- tial and expert source of knowledge. Similarly, within UBC the Faculty is well recognised as being research intensive, interdisciplinary and a focal point for provincial, national and inter- national research ranging from molecular biol- ogy to conservation biology and wood building engineering. We have earned an image of inter- national recognition through the work of faculty members such as Hamish Kimmins who was recently awarded the Queen’s Jubilee Medal for his work on the ecological complexity of forest ecosystems. In fact, our research exper- tise goes well beyond an image and is a reality, reflected by the number of international stu- dents selecting to do their graduate studies at the UBC Faculty of Forestry. Despite the high regard in which the Fac- ulty is held by its sister institutions around the world, and within UBC itself, we are very much impacted by today’s generally nega- tive image of the forest sector. In response to this image of forestry as a “sunset” industry and low tech, our Faculty Image Committee, chaired by Dr. George Hoberg, has been looking at ways of making forestry a more attractive choice for young people entering university. A recent article in the Vancouver Sun Newspaper (Careers Extra, Saturday September 13, 2003 page F9) profiled how this negative image “is at odds with the real- ity as the industry struggled to find enough qualified graduates to fill a growing number of jobs opening either through retirement or in areas of resource management and value- added wood processing”. The article also described how studies by Human Resources Development Canada show that forestry graduates are more likely to be employed than graduates of other programs, and at the same level, their salaries are 24% higher than the average university graduate with average annual earnings of $49,000. This article in the Vancouver Sun was a direct result of the Image Committee’s recom- mendations that the Faculty develop a more focused media strategy and upgrade its media readiness and friendliness. As a fur- ther consequence, this will be the last time you will read Branch Lines in its current format. Following input from our Image Committee and feedback from our readers, Dr. Sue Watts, Director of Communications, will be revamping our newsletter with a new look and content better able to help us in our recruitment efforts. We will also upgrade our website to focus on a more positive image of forestry, broadly defined. Albert Einstein once said “imagination is more important than knowledge”. I would contend that imagination cannot be fully real- ized without a good knowledge base. Our Faculty encompasses world class knowledge and fosters an environment conducive to creative and constructive imagination. The image of UBC’s Faculty of Forestry as a leader in regional, national and international forest- related issues is one that is both desirable and attainable. Over the coming months we will be undertaking a strategic planning exercise to identify where we would like to be by the year 2010. The December issue of Branch Lines, in its revamped format, will provide an insight to the image that we hope to cultivate for the future. You can contact me by phone at 604-822- 3542 by e-mail at jack.saddler@ubc.ca or by letter at the address provided on the back page of this newsletter. " Forest  Sciences  Department RESEARCH HIGHLIGHT DEPARTMENT NEWS Branch Lines 2 Forest grazing – an example of integrated resource management OREST grazing is a common practice in British Columbia (BC), with forested range- lands covering about 11 million ha, or 90% of the province’s total rangeland area. Forest grazing occurs either in open forest stands or replanted or naturally regenerated cutblocks. The latter provide temporary grazing oppor- tunities (for about 10-20 years) for the provin- cial beef industry until tree canopy closure reduces forage production. The grazing of cutblocks at times results in conflict between interests of the timber and livestock indus- tries. In particular, cattle grazing on cutblocks raises concerns related to possible reduction of tree seedling stocking and growth rates resulting from browsing and trampling dam- age, and/or soil compaction. A long-term forest grazing study carried out by the BC Ministry of Forests in the southern interior of BC showed that browsing damage was minimal with only about 2% of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. var. latifolia Engelm.) seedlings being browsed on average. High levels of browsing damage will only occur if forage plants become scarce (Fig. 1) and a switch to browsing can occur in a matter of days. Trampling damage to lodgepole pine seedlings was more common and it varied depending on the number of cattle and the size of the tree. The highest trampling damage (~30%) was observed during the first 2 to 3 years after planting and dropped to less than 10% by the fourth year. The decrease in tram- pling damage is a result of greater visibility of taller trees and those taller than 70 cm were F ollowing a department review held this past April, Dr. Bart van der Kamp was re- appointed as department head for a further two years. Dr. Rob Guy is Acting Head while Dr. van der Kamp is on Administrative Leave from July 1 to December 31, 2003. Dr. John McLean is on Administrative Leave from July 1, 2003 to June 30, 2004. Dr. Kathy Martin received a Government of Canada 5NR Science Award to leaders in Sus- tainable Development. Dr. Martin was elected to the executive council for the American Ornithologists’ Union. She is also Chair of the NSERC Grant Selection Committee in Ecol- ogy and Evolution for 2003-2004. Dr. J.P. Kimmins received a Governor General of Canada Commemorative Medal for the Golden Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II. Drs. Sally Aitken, Kermit Ritland, Andreas Hamann and Tongli Wang hosted the Western Forest Genetics Association (WFGA) annual meeting, at Whistler, with help from Alvin Yanchuk and John Russell, BCMoF. The theme of the meeting was “Adaptation and Genomics”. Genome BC Forestry held a one-day workshop, organized by Drs. Jöerg Bohlmann and Kermit Ritland, prior to the meeting. Ninety-five delegates from five F q Fig. 1:  Cattle browsing of lodgepole pine rela- tive to remaining forage. Fig. 2:  Cattle trampling in relation to lodge- pole pine growth. countries participated in the workshop and WFGA meeting. Several department members and students made presentations. The W.B. Critchfield Award was presented to UBC student Yanik Berube for his work on yellow cedar. Further to the WFGA, Dr. Jöerg Bohlmann gave invited talks at the 1st Canadian Plant Genomics Workshop in Saskatoon, the Tech- nical University Munich, and the Royal Insti- tute of Technology, Stockholm. Jöerg and members of his group contributed additional papers at society meetings in Vancouver, Hawaii, Sweden and the United Kingdom. seldom damaged (Fig. 2). Forage seeding can create competition concerns for lodgepole pine seedlings by increased trampling damage due to greater numbers of cattle utilizing the cutblock. Operationally prescribed cattle stocking rates (e.g. 50% of the forage use) resulted in only moderate trampling damage in the first few years after planting with a majority of the trampled trees recovering. Soil conditions on the ungrazed exclosures (representing disturbance by harvest only) and pastures grazed over 10 years to achieve 50% q forage utilization (representing disturbance by harvest and grazing) were compared to the adjacent forest. Soil chemical properties showed no detrimental impacts from harvest- ing and/or livestock grazing. In fact, greater CEC, Ca, C, and N values on disturbance treatments indicate that these soils have a better rooting media relative to the undis- turbed forest. Soil mechanical resistance (measure of soil compaction), although less favorable for the two disturbance treatments than the mature forest, showed that a majority of the soil profile was not compacted above root-restricting threshold conditions (Fig. 3). Fig. 3: Soil mechanical resistance (kPa) on three disturbance treatments. Means follow- ed by the same letter within the same depth are not significantly different (P>0.05). Dashed line indicates root-restricting threshold. Cattle grazing on cutblocks is a feasible practice under appropriate management and soil conditions (medium to coarse texture, good natural drainage); however if cattle are allowed to congregate tree and soil damage can be significant. For more information, please contact Dr. Maja Krzic at 604-822-0252, fax 604-822- 2184 or e-mail krzic@interchange.ubc.ca. Soil mechanical resistance (kPa)l D ep th  (c m ) Undisturbed forest Harvest Harvest & grazing· s Trees height (cm) T ra m p le d  t re es  ( % ) Branch Lines 3 Wood  Science  Department RESEARCH HIGHLIGHT DEPARTMENT NEWS Chain of custody tracking for certified forest products ANADA’S forests are becoming increas- ingly certified. A recent survey reported that 129 million hectares of forest had been certified to either management system or per- formance-based standards. The area presently certified represents an annual allowable cut (AAC) of approximately 110 million m3 , equivalent to slightly less than 50% of the total Canadian AAC in 2000. Presently, there are three major performance-based certifica- tion schemes functioning in Canada. These schemes and the areas currently certified are listed below: · Canadian Standards Association (CSA) – 17.9 million ha · Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) – 3.1 million ha · Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI) – 25.5 million ha Chain of custody issues Logs leaving Canada’s forests arise from both certified and uncertified forestry practices and from a range of certi- fication processes. Given the mixture of cer- tified and uncertified material and the com- plexity of the forest products manufacturing chain, how can consumers be guaranteed that the certified product that they purchase has actually arisen from a certified forest? Each certification scheme has developed chain of custody (CoC) guidelines that are currently based on one of two premises: · Minimum average percentage systems. These systems are based on ensuring that a minimum percentage of product processed by the mill (e.g. 70% for solid wood) arises from certified forests. · Physical segregation and/or marking of raw materials. This process involves physically segregating raw materials from different sources through all phases of transport, processing and distribu- tion. Mills may process separate batches of certified and uncertified products. These systems are used as there is present- ly no technology available to effectively track wood products throughout the value chain and there is significant dissatisfaction with these approaches. For example, a recent sur- vey by the Forest Stewardship Council deter- mined that only 25% of respondents consid- ered that a percentage based CoC scheme was “simple, honest and transparent”. This survey also found that: · %-based CoC schemes exclude certified material from the market. · %-labeling of solid wood products is very controversial. · Different CoC thresholds for different products are unfair. Clearly, mass flow based chain of custody protocols that have targets of less than 100% compliance on a mass basis cannot ensure the consumer that they are purchasing products from certified forests. Given the complexity of wood and fibre flows through manufactur- ing plants this is a challenging issue. Chemical barcoding One solution to this challenge is to develop a means of tracking material from the forest to the mill, through the mill(s) and to the market place. Paul McFarlane has received funding from the Sustainable Forest Management Network to investigate the feasi- bility of this approach. The re- search will investigate the use of a novel chemical barcoding sys- tem and real time scanning tech- nology to identify and track cer- tified materials throughout the value chain. The intent is to develop cost- effective and robust chain of custody sys- tems that will operate from the forest to the market place. Initially the research will be restricted to the primary solid wood sector. For additional information, please contact Dr. Paul McFarlane at 604-822-7667, fax 604-822-9104 or e-mail paul.mcfarlane@ ubc.ca. C Certification of sustainable forest management Product labels from certification schemes presently operating in Canadian forests. r. John Kadla will join the Department on October 1, 2003 as a CRC Tier II Chair in Advanced Biomaterials. John is a wood and fibre chemist and he is joining us from North Carolina State University. He will be appoint- ed as an associate professor with tenure (see page 5 for more details). Dr. David Barrett chaired the ISO TC 165 Timber Structures Working Group 5 Meeting in Istanbul September 3-6, 2003 that is devel- oping international standards for visual grading, machine grading and testing and evaluation of engineering properties of structural timber. Dr. Phil Evans taught a course on Forest Products to undergraduate students in the School of Resources, Environment and Soci- ety at the Australian National University (14-18 July). Three Wood Science faculty members have received research funding from the Canadian Forest Service to investigate issues associ- ated with the Mountain Pine Beetle (MPB) infestation. Dr. Colette Breuil has received $325,000 for a project entitled “Fitness and pathogenicity of the fungi associated with the MPB and other secondary beetles in green attack”. Drs. Frank Lam and Phil Evans have received $80,000 to investigate “Alternative wood products from stained MPB lumber”.q D q Branch Lines 4 RESEARCH HIGHLIGHT Forest  Resources  Management  Department DEPARTMENT NEWS Structural analysis of backspars used in cable logging n August, Dr. David Tindall gave a workshop presentation for the British Columbia Centre for Disease Control entitled “An Introduction to Social Network Analysis”. Dr. George Hoberg has been appointed as the research area leader for Policy and Institu- tional Analysis of the SFM Network. He will be hosting a workshop entitled First Nations and Sustainable Forestry: Institutional Conditions for Success, October 23-24, 2003. Dr. Markus Weiler has been appointed as assistant professor and Forest Renewal BC Chair in Forest Hydrology, effective January 1, 2004. This is a joint position with Forest Resources Management and Geography. The Department will deliver FRST 424, Sustainable Forest Management, the capstone 4th year integrated course, for the first time next term. In this modular, full term course, students will work with participating com- panies to develop both forest management and business plans. Drs. Robert Magai and Lee Wookey, a visiting professor in Computer Science, will present a joint paper entitled “Designing and Implementing a Geospatial Data Ware- house in Enterprise Forestry” at the IUFRO conference on Information Interoperability and Organization for National and Global Forest Information Systems, on September 17, 2003. Theirs is a lead-in paper on the subject of systems and applications. Dr. Robert Magai and the FIRMS Lab are pleased to introduce the Geospatial Forestry Education Resource (GFER), stemming from a TLEF grant. FIRMS’ staff look forward to working with faculty and TAs to facilitate widespread, appropriate use of GIS/RS tech- nology, with potential for application in almost all forestry courses. I q ARTIAL retention silviculture systems, where live trees are retained after harvest- ing, are becoming common in British Colum- bia. If cable logging is used to harvest a cut- block with partial retention, it is often neces- sary to use backspars to ensure there is suffi- cient lift to prevent damage to the residual trees. The Workers Compensation Board 1993 Cable Yarding Systems Handbook states that it is acceptable to use trees that have not been topped as long as “no worker enters the area made dangerous by the use of such a tree as a backspar”. The difficulty in considering the safety of working near a backspar is that its components have different strain rates and how these interact is not intuitive. This project will increase our knowledge of when critical situations may occur in backspars and so help workers avoid these dangerous conditions. The backspar system consists of a tree, guylines, skyline strap, and stumps to anchor the guylines (Fig. 1). In this study the guy- line anchors are assumed to be non-limiting. The design limits for the cables are given by wire rope manufactures as allowable work- ing loads. The design limit for a tree used as a backspar can be considered the maximum allowable stress in compression on a trans- verse cross section. Using these design limits the guidance for initial guyline tensions can be considered an optimization problem, where the initial tensions in the guylines are selected so that the skyline load can be maximized given the design limits of the components of the system. In this project a Finite Element Model (FEM) was developed (Fig. 2) and used to estimate, for given rigging configurations and initial guyline tensions, the largest sky- line strap tension the backspar could support. The greatest normal stress in compression on a transverse cross section is represented by smax. Two classes of backspars were iden- tified in this project. The first class had a larger displacement of the rigging point, which re- sulted in smax being dominated by bending. The second class had a smaller displacement of the rigging point, which resulted in being dominated by axial compression. The important contributions this study made to the structural analysis of trees and to rigging backspars include the following. 1. The FEM and solution algorithms that were developed in this study make it possible to efficiently model backspars with a variety of rigging configurations. The analysis methods developed in this study will also be useful for the analysis of other log structures. 2. The identification of two classes of back- spars is an important observation. This observation is significant for modeling backspars be- cause the class of backspars where smax  is dominated by axial compres- sion will be very sensitive to the method used to model the guy- line connections. In addition, this observation will have important implications for developing rig- ging guidelines for backspars, as there will be two different failure criteria. This study indicates further work is required in modeling the guyline connections to the tree. Rather than simply connecting the guy- lines to single nodes on the tree it will be necessary to model the connections as distri- buted loads around the circumference of the tree. Further work is also required to deter- mine allowable stress values for the wood in live trees. These allowable stress values will have to be specific to the two backspar classes identified in this study. The author gratefully acknowledges the assistance provided by the Province of BC through the Forestry Innovation Investment Program, and the access to the ANSYS® soft- ware through the ANSYS Education Program. For further information contact Kevin Lyons at 604-822-3559, fax 604-822-9106 or e-mail kevin.lyons@ubc.ca. P  Guyline anchor Skyline anchor Skyline Guyline Tree block and strap To Yarder Tree block and Skyline strap Fig. 1:  Backspar. q Fig. 2: FEM of backspar system after the skyline strap load is applied.  Skyline Strap Guyline Guyline Guyline Faculty  News Branch Lines 5 International Programs Dr. Sue Grayston has joined the Forest Sciences Department as an asso- ciate professor and Canada Research Chair in Soil Microbial Ecology. She has a B.Sc. (Hons.) in microbiology and a Ph.D. in microbial ecology from the University of Sheffield in the UK. Sue then accepted a post-doctoral fellowship in the Department of Soil Science at the University of Saskatche- wan researching the use of sulfur-oxidizing microorganisms to enhance canola growth. Undeterred by the harsh prairie winters, Sue then joined MicroBio Rhizogen Corp., in Saskatoon investigating the potential of microbial inoculants to enhance wheat growth. In 1993, she returned to the UK working as a principal scientist at the Scottish Government’s Macaulay Land Use Research Institute in Aberdeen developing a research program on microbial diversity in forest and grass- land ecosystems. Her teaching responsibilities at UBC will include courses in conservation biol- ogy, soil biodiversity and below ground ecology. Sue’s current research interests are in soil microbial diversity, the links between soil biodiversity and ecosystem function and the interac- tions between plants and microbial communities through rhizosphere carbon flow. One of her goals is to bring together multi-disciplinary teams of scientists from across UBC and nearby institutions to address key issues relating to the sustainable management of forests. Sue can be reached at 604-822-5928 or e-mail sue.grayston@ubc.ca. Dr. Sarah Gergel has joined the Forest Sciences Department as an assistant professor. Sarah received her B.Sc. from the School of Forest Resources and Conservation at the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida, USA. She then received an M.S. and Ph.D. in Landscape Ecology from the Zoology Department and Center for Limnology at the University of Wisconsin – Madison, followed by a post-doctoral research position at the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, an ecology “think-tank” in Santa Barbara, California. Sarah will be teaching an undergraduate course in Conservation Biology, as well as a graduate course in Landscape Ecology based on the book she edited entitled, “Learning Landscape Ecology: A Practical Guide to Concepts and Techniques.” Sarah’s research utilizes GIS, modeling and field work and is focused on the interface between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Her research includes examining the impact of river flow alterations on riparian and floodplain vegetation as well as the impact of changing land use patterns on non-point source pollution to aquatic ecosystems. She is also involved in a collaborative effort to develop a landscape fragmentation database to systemati- cally assess landscape change in the watersheds of British Columbia. Sarah can be reached at 604-827-5163 or e-mail sarah.gergel@ubc.ca Dr. John Kadla has joined the Wood Science Department as an associate professor and Canada Research Chair in Advanced Biomaterials. After graduating from UBC with a B.Sc. in Chemistry, John worked for Canadian Forest Products (CANFOR) in their Research and Development Centre. In 1993, he left CANFOR to pursue a Ph.D. in Wood Chemistry at North Carolina State University (NCSU) and followed this with an 18-month post- doctoral position in the Chemistry Department at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He was then hired at NCSU as an assistant profes- sor in the Department of Wood and Paper Science. John brings the expertise he established at NCSU in biopolymer/biomaterial chemistry to the Department of Wood Science and plans to further develop a program in advanced biomaterials from renewable resources. John can be reached at 604-822-9352. Consistent with the Faculty’s Strategic Plan, we would like to see a shift in the allo- cation of Faculty re- sources from regional to international repre- sentation. This means that faculty members would be less in- volved with working groups dealing exclu- sively with British Columbia, and greater emphasis would be placed on participation in international efforts. We are currently looking at ways that we could encourage such participation. There is a clear need to expand research and teaching expertise in international for- estry. We currently have only one under- graduate course on international forestry and, given the restrictions on the recruit- ment of new faculty, we need to explore new teaching models that would enable us to offer more. We are closely involved with the International Partnership for Forestry Edu- cation and, through this, are exploring the possibilities of closer ties with a number of other forestry faculties worldwide. The Fac- ulty has not been very successful at find- ing research funds for overseas work, and we are looking at different possibilities for developing this area. A third strategy will be to increase the visibility of the Faculty worldwide through displays and promotional materials. This is closely tied to our aim to increase the num- ber of undergraduate and graduate students from overseas. We have already produced a new recruitment poster designed for inter- national students, and are planning to attend recruitment fairs in the USA and elsewhere. We had a successful display at the World Forestry Congress in Quebec in September 2003, aimed at alerting senior forestry managers from all over the world to the benefits of sending students to the UBC Faculty of Forestry, and also draw- ing attention to some of the research under- taken within the Faculty. We would welcome ideas from readers as to how we might improve our interna- tional activities. If you have any sugges- tions, please send them to Dr. John Innes at john.innes@ubc.ca. John assumed the position of Director of International Pro- grams in August 2003. John Innes Dr. Cindy Prescott has been appointed Associate Dean, Graduate Studies and Research. She replaces Dr. John McLean who served the Faculty in this role for eight years. Cindy first joined the Faculty of Forestry as a post- doctoral fellow in 1989 and has been an active researcher in forest nutri- tion and nutrient cycling. She will continue to teach undergraduate courses in forest ecology and agroforestry and participate in the new inter-faculty soil science program. She will also continue on as co-editor of the Canadian Journal of Forest Research, now housed in the Forest Sciences Centre. Cindy can be reached at 604-822-4701 or e-mail cindy.prescott@ubc.ca. ©Faculty of Forestry, 2003  NEWSLETTER PRODUCTION Branch Lines is published by the Faculty of Forestry at the University of British Columbia three times each year. ISSN 1181-9936. http://www.forestry.ubc.ca/ Editor: Susan B. Watts, Ph.D., R.P.F. In-house typesetting, design and layout: Patsy Quay and Susan B. Watts. Questions concerning the newsletter or requests for mailing list updates, deletions or additions should be directed to Dr. Susan Watts, Newsletter Editor at : Faculty of Forestry, Dean’s Office University of British  Columbia Forest Sciences  Centre 2005–2424 Main Mall Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4 (    604-822-6316 Fax: 604-822-8645 Email:  susan.watts@ubc.ca Recycled Paper Branch Lines 6 Undergraduate enrolment Conservation Research Symposium These enrolment statistics are prelimary and will be finalized in mid-October. Our extensive recruiting efforts are finally paying off with first year enrolment hitting an all time high and 214 new students entering the Faculty. The Natural Resources Conservation and Wood Products Processing programs have both exceeded their first year enrolment tar- gets, by an amazing 28% and 62% respectively. The B.S.F and B.Sc. (Forestry) degree programs have, together, reached 73% of their com- bined target. Total undergraduate enrolment (as of September 15, 2003) sits at 442 students, divided almost evenly amongst all four degree programs. The biggest chal- lenge facing our undergraduate stu- dent enrolment for the past few years has been the retention of new students beyond first year. To this end, we will be focusing maximum attention on ensuring that students currently enrolled in first year complete the year successfully and move into the second year of their program. 81/82 83/84 85/86 87/88 89/90 91/92 93/94 95/96 97/98 99/00 01/02 03/04 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 N um be r of  S tu de nt s Total enrolment 442 New enrolment 214 The 6th Annual Research Symposium of the Centre for Applied Conservation Research (CACR) illustrated the extent to which re- search in the Faculty of Forestry has departed from the traditional areas of forestry. Presen- tations from UBC researchers and guest speakers from Alberta and the United King- dom covered a wide range of issues, includ- ing the re-introduction of grizzly bears into Idaho, cumulative impacts of development on First Nations communities, the ecology of signal crayfish, the effects of industrial development on elk and wolves, catchment- scale river biology, the philosophical basis of conservation biology, soil biodiversity, habitat fragmentation, gene conservation of Sitka spruce, sea lice on Atlantic salmon and cowbird-song sparrow interactions. Although conservation research has re- ceived less attention from funding agencies in British Columbia than traditional for- estry, it is becoming increasingly clear that, globally, foresters will have to take greater account of the effects of their activities on biodiversity. The CACR is conducting re- search in this area but, as shown by our symposium, research extends out beyond simply looking at forestry effects on wildlife. Our faculty have a broad range of interests within the general field of conservation biol- ogy, and we continue to encourage a diver- sity of research, whether it be forest-related or not. he Faculty’s First Nations Forestry Initiative offered its first ever Summer Forestry Camp for First Nations Youth in August 2003 and it was a resounding success. The camp was de- signed to encourage First Nations students to understand the importance of graduating from high school with the necessary science-based prerequisites to enter science-related programs such as forestry. Twenty-five grade 8 and 9 First Nations students were selected for the six-day camp which began at the UBC campus with lessons on biodiversity, forest ecology, forest and wood sciences. The students then moved out to the UBC Faculty of Forestry’s Malcolm Knapp Research Forest at Maple Ridge where they were exposed to practical forestry and natural resource management as well as exercises to develop skills in group dynamics, team work and leadership. Feedback from the students has been so positive that we are now searching for spon- sors to fund similar summer forestry camps at either one of the Faculty’s three research forests situated near Maple Ridge, Williams Lake or Prince George. First Nations summer forestry camp For more information, please contact Gordon Prest, Coordinator for First Nations Forestry and Conservation Initiatives 604- 822-0651 or gordon.prest@ubc.ca.You can also visit www.forestry.ubc.ca and link on to the First Nations icon for more informa- tion on the various First Nations Initiatives with the Faculty of Forestry. First Nations student planting tree. T Forestry Alumni Appeal 2003 Our Forestry Alumni appeal for 2003 has begun! Last year’s annual appeal raised just over $58,000 for the Faculty which enabled us to reach our goal to fully endow the Tony Kozak Scholarship, which will be awarded for the first time this year; to further grow the John Worrall Bursary for students in need; and to complete some much needed exten- sions to the new Forestry Alumni and Friends cabin at Loon Lake. For 2003 funds raised will be used to support the redevelopment of Loon Lake, a continuing priority where donations will be matched by other donor support; the new John Worrall “Tree Enthu- siast” Prize, and the Natural Resources Volunteers Program which gives our stu- dents the opportunity to undertake volun- teer work in the community. You will be receiving a phone call this fall from a fellow classmate, alumnus or student asking you to support the annual alumni appeal, or to thank you for your generous support!


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