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Branchlines, Vol. 14, no. 1 Watts, Susan B.; University of British Columbia. Faculty of Forestry Mar 31, 2003

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Volume 14  No. 1 March, 2003 From  the Dean's  Desk Jack Saddler This coming academic year will be a trying one for Ontario’s academic institutions with the “double cohort” of two years of high school students (due to the elimination of grade 13 in Ontario) looking for slightly more positions than are available at Ontario’s post-secondary institutes! At the same time, the shortage of available positions in B.C.’s post-secondary institutions, which has been estimated to re- quire at least the equivalent of one extra uni- versity being available to qualified students, has forced  them to primarily rely on ever in- creasing grade point averages as the major criterion for admittance. For example, high school students hoping to gain entry into UBC’s Human Kinetics undergraduate pro- gram will require a GPA of 86% for 2003-2004. However, there is increasing awareness that GPA is only indicative of one aspect (albeit an important one) of an individual’s future poten- tial, and faculties such as Commerce are now using a “broad-based admission” program as a way of assessing other important qualities of an individual’s ability. These considerations are directly related to the evolution of forest- related undergraduate and graduate programs where it is recognized that there is a consider- able “vocational” aspect to why many of our students choose to pursue their education within the forest-related milieu. One of the challenges of B.C. and Canada’s future forest sector will be ensuring that we can attract, train and mentor the workers and leaders that will, in fact, constitute the strategic workforce of the forest sector. At our recent Forestry Advisory Council (FAC) meeting, members of our FAC “board” spent considerable time discussing what goes on in the head of a typi- cal 17/18 year old and what could be done to encourage them to pursue a career in one of the many aspects of the forest sector. This has taken on enough importance to the FAC members that our FAC subcommittee on communications, chaired by Mike Apsey, has focused almost exclusively on this aspect of communications to determine if the overall negative image of the sector is one of the major reasons why we are not attracting the quality and quantity of applicants we would like. In a joint meeting of our student recruitment and communications FAC subcommittees, it was recommended to the Faculty that we do our best to engage other proponents who also want to create an innovative and more inclu- sive forest sector. It was recognized that we first have to determine if there is full aware- ness of an enrolment issue in virtually all aspects of forestry-related educational pro- grams from pulp and paper to conservation biology. This lack of awareness, or consensus, of what currently constitutes and what could constitute the B.C. forest sector, was ap- parent after the highly successful CIF ring ceremony which was organized by our stu- dents (Brent Zeigler in particular) in the Four Seasons Hotel in downtown Vancouver. In discussion with many of the parents and relatives of the students during this event, a common observation was that they had not fully realized the wide range of educational themes encompassed within the “discipline” of forestry. This was also apparent in the stated aspiration of the students when they received their CIF rings, which ranged from the desire to pursue future graduate studies, to using the breadth of a forestry undergraduate degree to either move directly into employ- ment in the “traditional” forest sector, the wider sector including wood design, con- servation biology or social studies, or as an excellent basis to develop their life and career skills. One of the roles of a successful univer- sity is to be able to predict the societal needs of trained and educated citizens. To this end, the Faculty of Forestry currently offers five undergraduate programs in Forest Resources Management, Forest Operations, Forest Science, Natural Resources Conservation and Wood Products Processing. This cohort of programs gives an indication of where, at least at the undergraduate level, we think there is, and will be, a future need for trained indi- viduals. We are in the final stages of selecting directors/advisors to lead these programs and work closely with the three heads of depart- ments, the Director of Recruitment and Coop and the Associate Dean of Undergraduates to develop recruitment and retention plans for each of our undergraduate programs. A critical component of this development will be the role that groups such as our alumni, parents, high school councilors, employers and many of the other “vested interest” groups within the forest sector, will play in communicating to the 17/18 year olds what their own hopes and aspirations might be about a career in the “increasingly global” forest sector. In future issues of Branch Lines we will highlight some of our undergraduate programs and solicit your input into our plans to ensure that we train technically competent individ- uals with excellent “soft skills” (communica- tions, team playing, innovation) and who can act locally while thinking globally, wherever that might be in B.C. or the world. You can reach me in person, by letter, fax 604-822-8645, phone 604-822-2467, or email saddler@interchg.ubc.ca. Forest  Sciences  Department RESEARCH HIGHLIGHT DEPARTMENT NEWS Branch Lines 2 Changing paradigms in forestry ORESTRY has always been changing. It continues to do so because forestry is pri- marily about people.  People keep changing what they want from forests, and the “prime directive” in forestry is that it must change as the balance of forest values desired by society changes. However, the second key responsibility of for- esters is to resist change that is not consistent with the ecology and sociology of the desired balance of values over both the short and long term. How do we decide on the best way to manage forests to honour these frequently conflicting responsibilities? What may seem right in the short term may be wrong over the long term. Unless we have a clear vision of the desired present and future condition of our forests at both stand and landscape scales, and of the desired temporal pattern of change in these values between now and then, we have no basis on which to decide what to do today. A key prerequisite for planning and imple- menting sustainable forestry is planning tools with which to foresee the possible outcomes of the choices we could make. Experience is usually the best guide to action, but we general- ly lack the experience of the choices we face in forestry today. Knowledge alone is rarely sufficient to make accurate predictions of pos- sible forest futures because of the complexity of the issues involved. We therefore must rely on a combination of experience and knowledge. This can be achieved by the use of hybrid simulation ecosystem management models. UBC has long been a centre of excellence in modeling in many fields. In forestry, the pio- neering work of Harry Smith and others in growth and yield modeling was followed by a variety of activities including wildlife model- ing by Fred Bunnell’s group, timber supply modeling by John Nelson’s group, develop- ment of models for wood products manu- facturing by the Wood Science group, and ecosystem management modeling using the hybrid simulation approach by my own group. We have produced a variety of ecosys- tem management models. The FORECAST model simulates aspects of stand level silvi- culture and natural disturbance and projects trends for environmental, social and manage- ment variables. FORECAST is being used to replace conventional growth and yield pro- jections in timber supply models such as ATLAS, replace existing vegetation devel- opment assumptions in the wildlife habitat model SIMFOR and drive stand-level eco- system development in the small to medium watershed landscape model Possible Forest Futures (PFF). Carbon Forecast (CF) is being used in carbon budget issues, and Possible Forest Carbon Futures (PFCF) is being devel- oped as a combination of CF and the Possible Forest Futures landscape model. Because of the lack of models for analysis of complex cutblocks, we are producing (with Interfor) the Local Landscape Ecosystem Management Simulator. To address stand- level sustainability questions in complex stands, we are developing the individual tree, spatially explicit ecosystem model FORCEE. One or more of these models currently are, recently have been, or soon will be used by Canfor, Interfor, Slocan, Lignum, Riverside, Mistik, Western Forest Products, the UK Forestry Commission, the Norwegian Forest Research Institute and the energy companies Suncor, Syncrude and B.C. Hydro. They are being used in China and Thailand in agro- forestry and plantation sustainability assess- ments, and we plan to test FORECAST against radiata pine growth records in New Zealand and Australia, and Chinese fir data in China. FORECAST has been developed into the edu- cational software FORTOON for the National Film Board, and PFF is designed as an educa- tional, extension and professional tool. All our models are being linked to visualiza- tion software, working with Stephen Sheppard and Mike Meitner’s groups. Our models pro- duce both snapshot images of stands and land- scapes, and movies of possible futures under alternative management scenarios. For further information, please contact Dr. Hamish Kimmins at 604-822-3549, fax 604-822-9133 or email kimmins@interchg. ubc.ca. F r. Jörg Bohlmann gave two invited lec- tures, at Purdue University, Indiana and at the University of Düsseldorf, Germany. The Forestry Genome Project group (directed by Drs. Jörg Bohlmann and Kermit Ritland, see page 5) presented talks at two recent conferences – the Plant Animal Geno- mics Meeting, San Diego, USA (Dr. Steven Ralph) and at the Pan Canadian Proteomics Meeting in Toronto (Dr. Dustin Lippert). In December 2002, Dr. Chris Chanway was invited to visit the Plant Pathology Division, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, Suwon, South Korea. While there, he presented a seminar entitled “PGPR, Bacterial Endophytes and Plant Growth”, and held discussions with research scientists in the Institute regarding biological control of plant pathogens and possible collaborative projects. Dr. Sarah Gergel, a recent graduate of the University of Wisconsin – Madison, and cur- rently at the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis at the University of California – Santa Barbara, has accepted our offer of assistant professor in forest land- scape ecology, starting June 1, 2003. Dr. Susan Grayston, currently at the Macaulay Land Use Research Institute in Scotland, has been awarded a Canada Re- search Chair in soil microbial ecology, and will start her appointment as associate pro- fessor on August 1, 2003. Dr. Steve Cooke, a NSERC postdoctoral fellow working in the lab of Dr. Scott Hinch and a co-instructor of our third year conser- vation biology course, was awarded a UBC Killam Postdoctoral Fellowship – one of seven given out this year. The Department will be the subject of an official review April 9 to 11. D q q Branch Lines 3 Wood  Science  Department RESEARCH HIGHLIGHT DEPARTMENT NEWS Wollemi noblis, the wood anatomy of the dinosaur pine O n December, 2002 , Dr. Dave Cohen present- ed a paper entitled “Trends in North American Wood Construction and Products” at the Eighth International Timber Construction Con- ference sponsored by a consortium of Euro- pean post secondary educational institutions in Garmisch Partenkirchen, Germany. Dr. Phil Evans made the opening remarks for a session on wooden building construction in Canada, at this same conference in Germany. Phil also gave a research seminar at Univer- sity of Gottingen as part of the Institute of Wood Biology and Wood Technology inter- national graduate student seminar course. In January of 2003, Dr. Dave Cohen parti- cipated in a panel “What do Japanese Homebuyers Want? – A Brief Summary of Results of Consumer Survey” at the Truck Loggers Association Annual Convention, Vancouver, B.C. In February, Dave gave an expanded version of this presentation for Hokkaido home-buyers at the Symposium on Healthy Housing in Kuriyama, Japan. In March, Dr. Jack Saddler presented a paper entitled “Progress in the Commercial- ization of Lignocellulosics-to-Ethanol” at the 1st International Symposium on Sustain- able Energy Systems in Kyoto, Japan. I q N Saturday, 10th September 1994, three Australians abseiled into a deep, blind sandstone gorge in the Wollemi national park, 80 km North West of Sydney. Among the party was David Noble of the NSW Parks and Wild- life Service, a very experienced can- yoner. The group descended into the 30 m deep canyon and made their way along its length. Breaking through dense vegetation Noble found himself in a clearing, and on the cusp of one of the major botanical findings of the late 20th century. Ahead of him lay a grove of strange looking tall trees; their bark was strangely bubbled reminiscent of coco pops breakfast cereal. Noble grabbed a sample of juvenile vegetation from one of the trees, which he eventually passed on to botanists who speculated that it could have come from the cycad Macrazamia, or a Chinese conifer Cephalotaxus. Further study and subse- quent visits to the canyon to obtain mature foliage and male and female cones led to the conclusion that the tree was a member of the Araucariaceae, a group of conifers that first appeared during the Triassic, 245 million years ago and which are still commonly found in the South- ern Hemisphere. Closer examination and dis- section of the female cone led to the startling discovery that the species belonged neither to Agathis  or Araucaria, the two genera within the Araucariaceae, but to a totally new species and genus. By mid December 1994 news of the discovery had reached the press and sparked world-wide attention. At that time I was teaching wood science at the Australian National University and had assisted Roger Heady in completing the first full anatomical description of the wood of the Australasian conifer genus Callitris. Both Roger and I were caught up in the excitement of the discovery and we speculated on what the wood anatomy of the new species would look like. At that time obtaining wood sam- ples, even a few square millimetres, for scien- tific study was out of the question. The trees precise location was and remains a closely guarded secret and the Sydney Botanic Gar- dens had tight control over release of material Figure 1–4. Tracheids in wood of Woolemi pine. – 1: Three growth ring boundaries in TS showing gradual changes from earlywood to latewood. – 2: Junction of earlywood and latewood in TS. – 3: Tapered end of tracheid (arrowed). – 4: Tracheids, separated by maceration, showing pits extending tot apered ends. for scientific study. Three year ago, however, following publication of findings on the major botanical features of the species, which had been named Wollemi noblis after its location and discoverer, I was sent wood samples of Wollemi noblis obtained from a dead tree in the canyon. I thus had a unique oppor- tunity to help describe the wood anatomy of a new conifer. A paper describing the wood anatomy of Wollemi pine has just appeared in the IAWA Journal (Heady, Banks and Evans 23(4):339-357). Our findings support the classification of W. noblis  as a member of the Araucariaceae, as it possesses all of the features that typify the family; alternate bordered pits, araucaroid cross-field pitting, absence of crassulae and abundance of resin plugs. The warts that line the tracheid walls of the species were larger than those found in Agathis  or Araucaria, but apart from this difference, which can only be de- tected using a scanning electron micro- scope, there was no distinctive difference between the wood of W. nobilis  and that of members of Araucaria and Agathis . My current work in the Centre for Advanced Wood Processing at UBC maintains and continues long-standing research interests on wood modification and processing, and I hope to be able to describe some of this work in future issues of Branch Lines. For additional information, please contact Dr. Phil Evans at 604-822-0517, fax 604-822- 9104 or email phevans@interchg.ubc.ca.q 2 3 1 4 Branch Lines 4 RESEARCH HIGHLIGHT Forest  Resources  Management  Department DEPARTMENT NEWS N important challenge for professional foresters is to design road networks that minimize the amount of road constructed and maintained in an active state, subject to meeting access demands for multiple-entry partial cut- ting systems, stand tending operations, fire sup- pression, salvage operations and motorized- vehicle recreation. This requires thoughtful planning to design appropriate road construc- tion and maintenance strategies. Projecting a road network is the first step, and it is a labou- rious task, especially for large forest estates. Through our research program, “Exploring, Forecasting and Visualizing the Sustainability of Alternative Ecosystem Management Scenarios” (Canfor/NSERC/SSHRC/CFS/ UBC), graduate student Axel Anderson devel- oped a computerized road projection model that drastically reduces the time and cost of projecting these networks. The model mimics the procedures a forest engineer uses when manually projecting roads on a map, where he/she considers topography, terrain/soil classifications and forest inven- tories. Areas that require road access are first covered with a set of nodes that represent the start-points and end-point of possible roads (Figure a).  Next, for each node, up to 20 of the closest nodes are connected with links that meet design standards, such as the maxi- mum allowable grade (Figure b). The challenge is then to select the combination of links and nodes that represents the best route from a starting node (typically a landing) to a destina- tion node (typically an existing road). This is Projecting road networks for strategic planning accomplished with a shortest path algorithm that minimizes the length of the proposed route, and through the use of penalties, favours good road standards and avoids undesirable terrain, stream crossings and long haul dis- tances. Each time a landing is connected, the proposed road network is updated with the new links and nodes found by the shortest path algorithm. This process is repeated until all landings are connected (Figure c). The pre- cision of the projected network depends on the quality of the digital map data and the density of the nodes. One of the main ad- vantages of the road projection model is that multiple networks can be generated in a short time for a variety of assumptions related to road and landing spac- ing, horizontal and ver- tical alignments, or environmental impacts related to stream cross- ings. These networks can then be combined with a harvest schedul- ing model to help iden- tify smart road con- struction and mainte- nance strategies. The model has been used to project road networks on Canfor’s operations in northeastern British Columbia (6,000 km over 250,000 ha) and on the Morice Timber Supply Area in central British Columbia (16,000 km over 1.5 million ha). Processing time ranges from min- utes (<10,000 ha) to 30 hours (1.5 million ha). For further information contact Axel Anderson (axela@interchg.ubc.ca) or Dr. John Nelson at 604-822-3902, fax 604-822- 9106 or email nelson@interchg.ubc.ca). A   First, nodes representing start- and end-points of each possible road are located (a). Second, links, representing possible roads that connect the nodes are generated (b). Finally, the road network is created by selecting the best combination of links and nodes using the shortest path algorithm (c). c a q rs. Younes Alila and Dan Moore attended a workshop concerning the potential effects of forest management on streamflow in the Okanagan basin, in Kelowna, November 21, 2002, sponsored by FORREX and the Minis- try of Sustainable Resource Management. Drs. John Richardson and Dan Moore were invited speakers at a research forum entitled Headwater Stream Ecology  in Corvallis, Oregon, January 16, 2003. The meeting was jointly sponsored by the Oregon Headwaters Research Cooperative and the Watersheds Research Cooperative. Dr. Moore spoke on headwater stream temperature response to forest harvesting and Dr. Richardson spoke on biological communi- ties in headwaters. Dr. Gary Bull taught at Zhejiang Forestry University  in China for 3 days in December, 2002 to university researchers and the State Forest Administration of China. His topic was Preparing China For The Use of The Clean Development Mechanism For Forestry Projects. A workshop on how to estimate regenerated trees using nearest neighbour methods was held on December 17, 2002 at the UBC Forest Sciences Centre. The workshop was funded by FII, and organized by Dr. Abdel Azim Zumrawi, Ministry of Forests Research Branch and Dr. Valerie LeMay. The workshop results will soon be posted on our Faculty website. The methods discussed will be used to link regen- eration predictions to the PrognosisBC  growth model. D q b Faculty  News Branch Lines 5 The first Canadian large-scale tree genomics project enomics seeks to identify the entire spec- trum of genes within organisms, and to under- stand how these genes are expressed and inter- act to produce the organisms we see. Genome Canada was created in 2001 by the federal government with the goal of placing Canada in the top tier of genomics research. At UBC, we (Jörg Bohlmann, Carl Douglas, Brian Ellis, and Kermit Ritland) have been fortunate to obtain a major grant from Genome Canada/Genome B.C., totaling $10.8 million through March 2005, to develop and deploy genomics re- sources for two important tree species: spruce and poplar, with special focus on traits related to forest health and wood quality. Our program relies heavily on sequencing the ends of expressed genes (“ESTs” or ex- pressed sequence tags). These genes are cap- tured as “libraries” of gene transcripts inserted in bacteria. In both species, we have construct- ed libraries from several tissues, and have sequenced many thousands of such transcripts (see Fig. 1) with goal of ca. 100,000 ESTs for each species. One application of ESTs is to spot these genes at high density on glass slides to create a “microarray”, which by DNA-DNA hybridiza- tion, can be used to monitor gene expression. Our “first-generation” spruce microarray chip has 6,000 genes and is now being applied to monitor changes in gene expression in response to wounding (Fig. 2). As we accumulate more ESTs, our microarrays should eventually contain ca. 25,000 genes. Another use of EST data is to find “single nucleotide polymorphisms”, or changes in the DNA sequence among individuals. These are of particular interest when they cause an amino acid change of the corresponding protein, or are in regions of the DNA that regulate gene expression, as such genetic variation is likely to have an observable (and practical) effect. A unique feature of our project, made pos- sible by  lower costs of DNA sequencing, are plans to obtain several thousand “full-length” gene transcripts, spanning entire genes. These will be invaluable in studies of gene function and evolutionary patterns of genes, and will be among the largest collection of such sequences. The poplar genome is relatively small (550 million bases; 1/40th that of spruce), and in fact, is currently being sequenced by the U.S. Department of Energy. We have been active collaborators in this effort, providing some materials and direction. The complete sequence, expected late summer 2003, makes possible an entirely new suite of genomics activities, and will definitely make poplar the model tree in forestry genetics. These are only some of our activities. We envision that the practical applications of all our activities will be to identify genes under- lying wood formation, stress tolerance and disease resistance, to use the knowledge to design remedial measures, and to utilize naturally occurring variation in these genes for tree improvement. By Kermit Ritland and Jörg Bohlmann G Shoots Roots Phloem Xylem Bark 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 Number of transcripts sequenced Number of unique genes among these transcripts Fig. 1:  Number of sequenced transcripts (ESTs) for spruce as of December 2002. Within a tissue, often the same gene is encountered, especially when many genes are sequenced, but between tissues, different genes are found. Fig. 2:  A small microarray in a recent experi- ment involving wounded spruce tissue. The light colored spots are genes that are highly expressed following wounding. The Faculty of Forestry has been instrumen- tal in providing laboratory and office space for more than a dozen newly recruited genome researchers.  In partnership with Genome B.C., the Genome Science Center, located at the B.C. Cancer Agency, the Microarray Center at the Vancouver General Hospital, and the Univer- sity of Victoria Proteomics Centre are provid- ing genomics technologies and expertise. We are also collaborating with tree breeding pro- grams of the B.C. Ministry of Forests, with the Canadian Forest Service, B.C.-based forest biotechnology industry and partners in the Canadian forest industries, and with various scientists from around the world. An innovative international exhibition has opened at UBC’s downtown campus.  “iMade – Ways of Producing:  Rigour and Invention in the Italian Furniture Industry” examines the recent radical modernisation of the Italian furniture industry depicting the story of how the Milan region became the world’s leader in furniture manufacturing. This exhibition was brought to B.C. by a unique partnership between the UBC Fac- ulty of Forestry’s Centre for Advanced Wood Processing (CAWP), Emily Carr In- stitute of Art and Design, and three Italian organisations – the Italian Trade Commis- sion, the Vancouver Italian Consulate Gen- eral, and the Italian Institute of Culture. Armed with the specific mandate of en- hancing Canada’s competitiveness in wood products manufacturing, CAWP and UBC’s Department of Wood Science have been working toward this goal in a number of ways. UBC offers the only degree program in North America designed to produce graduates that can become managers in the wood products manufacturing sector. As part of this program, UBC has been involved in a Faculty teaching exchange with Emily Carr’s Industrial Design program. The importance of design –  and its relation- ship to marketing and technology – is the central focus of the iMade exhibition, and the reason that the two institutions decided to host the event in B.C. The 27 case studies in this exhibition can be viewed without charge until April 6th.  Further information is avail- able at www.forestry.ubc.ca. Italian furniture design exhibition opens ©Faculty of Forestry, 2003  NEWSLETTER PRODUCTION Branch Lines is published by the Faculty of Forestry at the University of British Columbia three times each year. ISSN 1181-9936. http://www.forestry.ubc.ca/ Editor: Susan B. Watts, Ph.D., R.P.F. In-house typesetting, design and layout: Patsy Quay and Susan B. Watts. Questions concerning the newsletter or requests for mailing list updates, deletions or additions should be directed to Dr. Susan Watts, Newsletter Editor at : Faculty of Forestry, Dean’s Office University of British  Columbia Forest Sciences  Centre 2005–2424 Main Mall Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4 (    604-822-6316 Fax: 604-822-8645 Email:  suwatts@interchg.ubc.ca Recycled Paper Branch Lines 6 Non-timber forest products at Malcolm Knapp Research Forest Forest News on-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) have attracted considerable global interest in recent years as their value to local and national econo- mies, food security, and maintenance of biologi- cal diversity have been recognized. Approxi- mately 80% of the population of developing countries uses NTFPs to meet their health and nutritional needs and several million house holds worldwide use these products for subsis- tence consumption and/or income (FAO 1997). NTFPs such as floral greenery or wild mush- rooms have been harvested for over 80 years in B.C. However, only recently have they re- ceived much attention from scientists. Many questions involved with NTFP management, such as sustainable harvesting or business development have not been answered yet. To this end, the MKRF has started a program to research and develop new economic initia- tives using botanical forest products such as wild mushrooms, berries, floral greens, craft materials, culinary and medicinal plants. The first step of this program was to under- take a feasibility study to identify the econo- mic potential of NTFPs at MKRF. Katja Eisbrenner, a German master student, carried out the study during the year 2002. More than 50 NTFPs with market potential were identified through a screening process and exploratory research was carried out to analyze their current market and forest situa- tion. Seven NTFPs with market potential were identified and ranked using the follow- ing criteria: capital investment, production and growing, harvesting, ecology, education and research and market. After this second evaluation, three NTFPs were classified as good for MKRF: Christmas garlands and wreaths, Christmas greens and ecotourism. The full version of Katja’s thesis can be found at MKRF’s office in Maple Ridge. In the next issue find out about a shiitake and oyster mushroom pilot project initiated at MKRF in February 2002. For information, please contact Ionut Aron, Research Coordinator, MKRF,  604-463-8148, fax 604-463-2712 or email iaron@interchg. ubc.ca. N The Malcolm Knapp Research Forest in Maple Ridge has been managed by UBC’s Faculty of Forestry for over 50 years and during that time there has never been a permanent research laboratory on the site.  A group of faculty are working on a proposal to the Canadian Founda- tion for Innovation (CFI) to build a permanent building with laboratory and researcher dormitory/office rooms. In addition to the lab building the proposal will see a series of water- sheds in the research forest equipped with instrumentation to continuously monitor ecosystem processes  from small plots all the way up to whole watersheds. The CFI contributes 40% of the cost to successful proposals, with the province contributing a further 40%. The last 20% of our $4 million proposal must come from donations, contributions in kind, and any other source we can locate. If you are interested in learning more about this proposal or would like to contribute, please contact Dr. John Richardson at jrichard@interchg.ubc.ca or 604-822-6586. n March 25th, the Centre for Applied Con- servation Research (CACR) and FORREX (the Forest Research Extension Partnership) hosted a free public forum on “Salmon conservation and aquaculture” at the downtown Vancouver Public Library. The evening included guest speakers and panelists from various back- grounds and a one-hour Q&A period during which the public posed questions to the pan- elists and speakers.  This highly successful event was the first in a new series of public fora to be hosted by CACR and FORREX. The goal of the series is to provide information about the availability, existence and quality of scientific information related to controver- sial conservation topics. For further information on this series, contact John Innes, Director of the CACR at 604-822-6761 or visit the Faculty web site at www.forestry.ubc.ca/conservation/publicforum. New conservation series begins ... Our Jubilee Lecture Series continued in 2003 with three public lectures between January and March. On January 21st, Leena Paavilainen (Program Director, Finnish Forest Cluster Research Program WOOD WISDOM) spoke on “Promoting the com- petitiveness of forestry and forest-based industries in Finland”. Leena also spoke the following day at a workshop on “Acceler- ating forest sector S&T”, hosted by the Faculty of Forestry and supported by For- estry Innovation Investment. On February 24th, Barry Noon (Dept. of Fishery and Wildlife Biology, Colorado State University) gave the combined Jubilee and Schaffer lecture on “New pathways for con- servation science: Amending the existing agenda”. The evening also included thirty research poster presentations by forestry graduate students, faculty and staff. On March 20th, Larry Pedersen (Chief Forester, B.C. Ministry of Forests) drew a full house with his presentation entitled “AACs in British Columbia: The agony and the ecstacy”. This lecture was dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. J. Harry G. Smith, long time faculty member, who retired from the Faculty of Forestry in 1990 and died in June, 2002. Presentation material from these lectures, as well as earlier Jubilee lectures and other public lecture series, can be found on our web site at www.forestry.ubc.ca. Jubilee Lectures continue to draw crowds O

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