Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesVol. 6 Issue 2 Fall 2002Inside this IssueNSERC Reallocation Results 1–2Interview with Dick Peter 3BIRS Report 4, 20BIRS 2003 Programme 4–52002 Thematic Programme 6–7PIMS Scientific Programmes 8–12New PIMS PDFs 102003 Thematic Programme 13Collaborative Research Groups 14–15PIMS Opportunities 16New Videos 17Is Economic Theory True? 18–19Philippe Tondeur’s Term Ends 20Letter to Prime Minister 20MITACS News 21PIMS Industrial Programmes 22–26PIMS Education Programmes 27–31New Math Fair Booklet 27Women and Mathematics Winners 31Is Economic Theory True?Article by Ivar Ekeland on page 18President Jiang Zemin kept his promise and his personal commitment tomathematical research by showing up at the Fields award ceremony toconfer the medals to France’s Roland Lafforgue (IHES) and Russia’sVladimir Voevodsky (IAS). The impressive ICM2002 opening ceremonywas held at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing in front of more than6000 Chinese and foreign mathematicians. This event undoubtedly signalsthe beginning of the final phase in China’s steady march towards being aworld’s mathematical superpower.We had unfortunately failed in our efforts to get senior Canadian offi-cials to present the Fields medals at the ICM2002 opening ceremony inBeijing. Many thanks to the dozens of colleagues who wrote in support ofthis initiative.Chinese President Jiang Zemin Confers the (Canadian) Fields Medals in Beijingsee letter to Prime Minister on page 20Fields Medal winner Vladimir Voevodsky, Chinese President JiangZemin, IMU chairman Jacob Palis and Fields Medal winnerRoland Lafforgue at the ceremony in Beijing.NSERC Reallocation Results, PIMS: A modelfor the research institute of the 21st centurythe international leadership shown by the Ca-nadian mathematical community adding:“Here, PIMS seems to be in the driver’s seatwith incredible results for the world’s math-ematical community”. Another referee con-curred: “Although [PIMS] is the youngest ofthe three, I believe that its reputation is rap-idly on the rise, so I find the incremental fund-ing which is requested in the PIMS proposal tobe compelling. I believe that the leadership ofPIMS is energetic and creative, and PIMS isperhaps the most ambitious of the three Cana-dian Institutes”. continued on page 2NSERC’s reallocations results are out andPIMS and the Canadian mathematical commu-nity have every reason to be proud of the ac-complishments of the last 5 years.The site visit report had much to say aboutthe institute’s contributions: “PIMS activitieshave broken through discipline and geographi-cal boundaries”. They echoed the refereescomments: “PIMS has become in a very shorttime a model for the research institute of thetwenty first century” and “PIMS has movedfrom an “idea” to a leading international in-stitute”. One anonymous referee wrote aboutNSERC Funding for PIMS up 60%“PIMS is emerging as the most exciting/dynamic research institute of the three math institutes inCanada. The vision driving this institute has, in 5 years, resulted in national (MITACS) andinternational (BIRS, Pacific Northwest Partnership, The Pacific Rim Initiative) initiatives whichhave done the most to raise the profile of Canadian mathematical research nationally and inter-nationally. The specific proposals, individually and collectively, build upon a bold vision for theinstitute. The innovative programs (Math and Multimedia, summer schools in emerging areas,webcasting) and the outreach programs (BIRS, Pacific Rim, Prairie and Atlantic Canada) standout particularly. The leveraged funding is extremely good for a mathematics institute. I whole-heartedly endorse the full reallocation request for this dynamic center.”That was one of the many compelling testimonials by a number of international refer-ees. The reallocations committee awarded PIMS a 60% increase in its NSERC grant.Vol. 6, Issue 22Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesNSERC Re-allocation Results:PIMS: A model for the research institute of the 21st centuryPIMS activities have brokenthrough discipline and geo-graphical boundariesSite visit committeeNSERC equalizes its funding for CRM,FIELDS and PIMSThe site visit committee also stated that “PIMShas been successful at multiplying the oppor-tunities provided by NSERC funds. However, itis also particularly underfunded compared tothe other two institutes.” NSERC’s realloca-tions committee agreed by awarding PIMS a60% increase in its budget. Each one of the 3Institutes (PIMS, Fields and CRM) will re-ceive a grant of approximately $1 million/yearfor the period 2003–07. In addition, a joint pro-posal of the 3 institutes with the Statistics GrantSelection Committee (GSC 14) for a 4-year“National Programme on Complex Data Struc-tures” has also been funded at the rate of $172K/year.NSERC increases its funding for the Math.Grant Selection CommitteesThe synergies between the math communityand the institutes have again played a majorrole, even as the institutes carry on with theiroutreach efforts to other disciplines. Indeed,Mathematics is one of only six submissions(out of 19 GSCs) that ended up with a budgetincrease: A major change from the dynamic ofthe first NSERC re-allocation exercise in 1994.The reallocations committee first recognizedthe importance of increased funding to newapplicants by returning $805K/year to the GSC336/337. In addition, the committee allocated$270K/year to promote structured initiativesby recognized leaders. Indeed, this innovativeapproach was well received by the CommitteeNassif Ghoussoub, PIMS Directorcontinued from page 1which noted that “initiatives that are builtaround a leader have been a recognized modelfor success in mathematics and other disci-plines. The institutes are also using this modelquite extensively”.All are encouraged to take a look at theNSERC webpage so as to be aware of the newopportunities created by this result. Congratu-lations to all involved, espe-cially to Richard Kane andRobert V. Moody who ledthis year’s exercise for math-ematics with exemplary judg-ment, skill, and patience.Referees’ unanimity on the Banff Interna-tional Research StationBIRS has been referred to—in almost all refer-ees’ reports—a major coup for the Canadiancommunity. The annual budget of BIRS is about$2M ($500K from each of NSF, ASRA, andNSERC’s MFA program; $100K fromMITACS and $400K from PIMS). In addition$1.1M have finally been secured to renovateand upgrade the facilities ($300K from thePIMS universities and $800K from the Albertagovernment). We have an outstandingprogramme scheduled for 2003 and we have acall for proposals for the 2004 programme.Many thanks to Robert V. Moody for the in-credible amount of work and energy he is in-vesting to help set up this great continental re-source.The MITACS network up for renewalThe MITACS Network of Centres of Excel-lence developed by the 3 institutes has been agreat boost to the applied and indus-trial mathematical science communityin Canada. It has continued to thriveunder the capable hands and entre-preneurial spirit of Arvind Gupta. The$14.4M grant (given for the period1999/03) is up for renewal next year.We invite the math. science researchcommunity to join the institutes invigourously preparing for a success-ful renewal of MITACS.Supporting Atlantic Canada and thecompletion of the National Network forCollaboration in the Mathematical Sciences(NNCMS)The directors of CRM, Fields and PIMS havejust finished a tour of universities in AtlanticCanada, for the purpose of trying to completethe National Network for Re-search in the Mathematical Sci-ences (A first attempt at anNSERC’s RPP research net-work had failed in 1997!). The3 institutes funding for AARMS(Atlantic Association for Re-search in the Mathematical Sciences) has beenmatched by the Memorial University of New-foundland in St. John’s, the University of NovaScotia at Dalhousie and the University of NewBrunswick at Fredericton. In addition,MITACS has committed substantial funds forseed projects subject to appropriate matchingfrom the provincial governments and local in-dustries. The $600K/year package should pro-vide a great boost to Atlantic Canada researchin the mathematical sciences. Here HermannBrunner is to be heartily congratulated for hisefforts and leadership.The National Programme Committee to berestructuredThe National Programme Committee of the 3institutes will be restructured soon so that itcan effectively deal with the developing pic-ture across the country. Every active Canadianresearcher should/will have access to theinfrastructural resources and to the researchopportunities, new and old.Celebrating PIMS success at NSERC’s re-allocation exercise.PIMS: Un institut sansfrontières disciplinairesni geographiques.N. GhoussoubFall 2002 3Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciencesand Nassif intrigued me. Nassif and the othermathematical scientists on the Board had littleto no administrative experience. I had lots ofadministrative experience so they thought I wasbrilliant, which goes to show you can fool someof the people some of the time! Many of theprivate sector members of the Board were lead-ers in their own right, and they had a vision ofhelping to build something great. It was a plea-sure to work with them as well.In your opinion, what sort of impact hasPIMS had on U of A?Tremendous! PIMS has given our mathemati-cal and statistical scientists the opportunity towork more with others in research, to workmore with industry, and to do more in matheducation - all of which would have otherwisenot been available. It has given the Depart-ment the opportunity to be a leader.While you served as Dean you have re-mained active with your research. Give usan outline of your main interests.My research is on the brain regulation of foodintake, growth and reproduction in fish. Wework on the brain hormones that regulate thesefunctions. In the last few years I have switchedmost of the research in my lab to food in-take regulation, a new area in research forfish. We work from the molecular biologyto behavior levels—a challenge! It’s funto be in a new field. The best is that I havehad the privilege of having outstandingPDFs, graduate students and undergradu-ates to work with in my lab.How do you think BIRS will benefit theprovince of Alberta?Tremendous! The world spot light will beon PIMS as being the leader in BIRS.Through BIRS the opportunity presents it-self for Alberta universities to become bet-ter known and to develop leadership in re-search.Now that you are retiring from your po-sition as Dean, what are your plans forthe near future? Please tell us aboutsome of your other interests.I started as Vice President, Integrated ResourceAn interview with Dick Peter, exiting Dean of Science, UAby Heather Jenkins, PIMS Communications OfficerDr. Richard E. Peter recently finished a 10-year term as Dean of Science at the Universityof Alberta. He is also a distinguished Profes-sor in the Department of Biological Sciences.He has been a member and deputy Chair of thePIMS Board of Directors since PIMS wasfounded in 1996.Dean Peter, you have been a part of PIMSsince the beginning. Can you tell us some-thing about the early days?The vision of PIMS - to have mathematicaland statistical scientists working together onresearch themes, working together on industryproblems, and working together on math edu-cation - was something needed. I saw the com-munity as being quite fractured and ineffec-tive, and missing the boat on many opportuni-ties. PIMS looked like a great opporunity toget things going. It turned out to be true!As Dean of Science at U of A you have madethe Mathematical Sciences a priority. Whydid you chose to do this?The mathematical sciences are the foundationfor all areas of the sciences. We needed strongmathematical sciences research and teaching tobe a strong Faculty of Science. Building astrong Mathematical and Statistical SciencesDepartment was one of my many priorities. Iam pleased with the success of our recruitmentof new faculty. Now the challenge for theDepartment is to have a view of itself as beinga leader, and taking actions to do so.You have been a very active member of thePIMS Board of Directors. How would youcharacterise your contribution to PIMS?Being a member of the Board was a priviledgeand an honor.PIMS was new. I was caught up in thevision for PIMS. Nassif Ghoussoub kept ex-panding the vision, which made the Board in-teresting and challenging. Just when youthought one thing was sorted out and underway, Nassif would come up with another greatinitiative. The vision was great! Being a mem-ber of the Board gave me the opportunity towork towards the vision of PIMS and to helpthe vision become a reality.I must also add that the people on the BoardManagement at the Alberta Research Councilon August 1, 2002. This is an opportunity tolead the development of a program and researchteam that provides government, industry andcommunities practical information and adviceabout natural resource management, and newtechnologies and approaches for sustainabledevelopment. This is applied interdisciplinaryscience. Funding has to be brought in fromgovernment and industry or the research teamwill not exist. So, while the goals are noble,and society, governments and industry willbenefit if we are successful, there are lots ofchallenges to make this a success.Other interests? While my job at ARC isfull time, I still have my research lab at theUniversity of Alberta going full pace with anoutstanding PhD student and two PDFs.Three other PDFs went off to jobs during thesummer. On the personal side, my wife and Iare taking a sommelier course and enjoying itvery much. The challenge now is to build (i.e.,fill) a wine cellar in our new home, which wemoved into in July. Our new home comes withno shovelling or mowing - just shut the doorand travel when the opportunity presents.Thank you Dean Peter.Dick Peter, University of AlbertaVol. 6, Issue 24Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesThe Banff International Research Stationby Robert Moody, BIRS Scientific DirectorAlthough it is still 6 months to the openingof BIRS, lots of things are happening on thelong, sometimes arduous, ramp-up process.The most significant developments since ourlast Newsletter are that all the funding is nowin place, including the critical funding from theAlberta Science and Research Authority(ASRA) for the necessary renovations at theBanff Centre and that these renovations arenow underway. BIRS will be physically lo-cated in two adjacent buildings at the BanffCentre: the Max Bell building will have twolecture rooms and several smaller meeting anddiscussion rooms, and Corbett Hall, which willbe entirely taken over by BIRS, will house theliving quarters for all BIRS visitors. Both in-volve extensive renovations (total cost exceed-ing $1M). After well over a year and half ofdealing with BIRS as a virtual entity, it is fi-nally beginning to take a physical form.It is a bit startling to realize that even beforeBIRS opens its doors for business in March2003, the entire workshop programme for both2003 and 2004 will be in place. But given thetime for adjudication and the need to give or-ganizers and participants a clear year of ad-vance notice, the 2004 competition has to be inthe fall of 2002. That means now.The Call for Proposals for 2004 is alreadyout!Please check out the PIMS website. Thereis a considerable amount of information on thevarious BIRS programmes and the review pro-cess, as well as guidelines and online forms.The whole idea of BIRS is to take the adminis-trative burden off organizers to let them con-centrate on the science. If you have any incli-nation to organize something at BIRS, take alook and see how easy it is. The deadline forworkshop submissions is October 15, 2002.We also strongly suggest that you think ofOctober 15 as the deadline for the other BIRSprogrammes too (research in teams, focusedresearch groups, summer schools, etc.). TheScientific Steering Committee of BIRS willmake its first round of decisions on theseprogrammes soon after this date, and competi-tion for space for the prime summer monthswill most surely be taken in this first round.This brings us to another substantial devel-opment. In February Jessica Douglas joinedthe PIMS (UBC) staff as the Scientific Coor-dinator of BIRS. Jessica is the contact personfor all BIRS scientific programmes. Jessicahas also been working hard to make the BIRSwebsite as useful as possible for organizers,participants, applicants of proposals, referees,and members of the scientific selection com-mittees. You will notice substantial differences(and I hope improvements) to the appearanceof the BIRS website. Underneath this there aremany more developments, which allow every-one to interact with BIRS painlessly online.Jessica and Heather Jenkins (PIMS Commu-nications Officer) also created the beautifulposter for the 2003 Workshop programme ofBIRS. The credit for set-ting up the webpage and formany of the details of pro-gramming the data-basegoes to the very able KellyChoo (PIMS Website Man-ager) at the University ofVictoria. Sandy Ruther-ford (PIMS Scientific Ex-ecutive Officer) andShervin Teymouri (PIMSComputer Systems Man-ager) are setting up the com-puter system at BIRS.Focused Research Groups (FRG),Research in Teams (RIT) andSummer Schools (SS)2003 ProgrammeApr 26–May 10 Topological Orbit Equiva-lence for Dynamical Systems (RIT)T. Giordano (Ottawa), C. Skau (NorwegianScience & Technology), I. Putnam (Victoria)Apr 26–May 10 Field Theory andCohomology of Groups (RIT) J. Minac(Western Ontario), A. Adem (Wisconsin-Madison), D. Karagueuzian (Binghamton)May 10–24 Regularity for Hypergraphs(FRG) Organizers: P. Haxell (Waterloo),V. Rodl (Emory), J. Skokan (Illinois Urbana-Champaign), L. Thoma (Rhode Island)May 17–22 Graduate Modelling Camp (SS)Organizers: R. Kuske (PIMS), F. Santosa (IMA)May 24–Jun 07 Topology and Analysis:Complementary Approaches to the Baum-Connes and Novikov Conjectures (SS)Organizers: N. Higson (Penn State),J. Kaminker (Indiana-Purdue), S. Weinberger(Chicago)Jun 07–21 Quantum Algorithms andComplexity Theory (FRG) Organizer:R. Cleve (Calgary)Jun 21–27 Summer School in DifferentialGeometry (SS) Organizer: R. Bryant (UCBerkeley)Jun 28–Jul 10 2003 Summer IMO TrainingCamp (SS) Organizer: W. Sands (Calgary)Jul 12–26 Problems in Discrete Probability(FRG) Organizers: R. Pemantle (Ohio State), Y.Peres (UC Berkeley), P. Winkler (Bell Labs)Jul 26–Aug 16 Representation Theory ofLinearly Compact Lie Superalgebras andthe Standard Model (RIT) V. Kac (MIT),A. Rudakov (NTNU)Aug 02–16 Variance of Quasi-coherentTorsion Cousin Complexes (RIT) J. Lipman(Purdue), S. Nayak (Harish-Chandra ResearchInst.), P. Sastry (Toronto)Aug 16–30 Invariant Manifolds forStochastic Partial Differential Equations(RIT) T. Caraballo (Universidad de Sevilla),J. Duan (Illinois Tech), K. Lu (BrighamYoung), B. Schmalfuss (Merseburg)Aug 16–Sep 06 Local Uniformization andResolution of Singularities (RIT)S.D. Cutkosky (Missouri-Columbia),F.-V. Kuhlmann (Saskatchewan)Sep 06–20 Arithmetic of FundamentalGroups (RIT) D. Harbater (Pennsylvania),F. Pop (Bonn)Sep 20–Oct 02 Mathematical Models forPlant Dispersal (FRG) Organizers: M. Lewis(Alberta), J. Bullock (NERC Centre forEcology and Hydrology)Oct 02–04 West Coast Operator Algebra(2-day workshop) Organizer: B. Brenkan(Calgary)Heather, Jessica, Shervin and Sandy, working behind the scenes forBIRS. Missing from photo Kelly Choo.continued on page 20Fall 2002 5Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesMar 15–20 Recent Developments in Superstring Theory Organizers: JimBryan, Moshe Rozali, Gordon W. Semenoff, Mark Van Raamsdonk (UBC),Steve Giddings (UC, Santa Barbara), Mikhail Kapranov, Amanda W. Peet(Toronto), Andreas Karch (Washington), K. Viswanathan (SFU)Mar 22–27 Scattering and Inverse Scattering Organizers: Richard Froese(UBC), Gunther Uhlmann (Washington)Mar 29–Apr 03 Commutative Algebra and Geometry Organizers: MarkGreen (IPAM), Jürgen Herzog (Gesamthochschule-Essen), Bernd Sturmfels(UC, Berkeley)Apr 05–10 BIRS Workshop on Noncommutative Geometry Organizers:Alain Connes (IHES), Joachim Cuntz (Muenster), George Elliott (Toronto),Masoud Khalkhali (Western Ontario), Boris Tsygan (Penn State)Apr 12–17 Quantum Mechanics on the Large Scale Organizers:P.C.E. Stamp, G.A. Sawatzky (UBC) A.J. Leggett (Illinois, Urbana), T.Havel (MIT), S. Popescu (HH Wills Lab), R. Gill (Utrecht)Apr 19–24 Computational Fuel Cell Dynamics—II Organizers: JohnKenna (Ballard), Trung Van Nguyen (Kansas), Keith Promislow (SFU),Brian Wetton (UBC)Apr 26–May 01 The Many Aspects of Mahler’s Measure Organizers:David Boyd (UBC), Doug Lind (Washington), Fernando Rodriguez Villegas(Texas, Austin), Christopher Deninger (Muenster)May 03–08 Recent Advances in Algebraic and Enumerative Combinato-rics Organizers: Sara Billey (MIT), Ian Goulden, David Jackson (Waterloo),Curtis Greene (Haverford College), Richard Stanley (MIT)May 10–15 Statistical Mechanics of Polymer Models Organizers:Christine E. Soteros (Saskatchewan), De Witt Sumners (Florida State),Stuart G Whittington (Toronto)May 24–29 Constraint Programming, Belief Revision, and Combinato-rial Optimization Organizers: Randy Goebel (Alberta)May 31–Jun 05 Symmetry and Bifurcation in Biology Organizers: MartinGolubitsky (Houston), William F. Langford (Guelph), Ian Stewart(Warwick)Jun 07–12 Applicable Harmonic Analysis Organizers: Rong-Qing Jia(Alberta), Sherman D. Riemenschneider (West Virginia), M. VictorWickerhauser (Washington)Jun 14–19 Integration on Arc Spaces, Elliptic Genus and Chiral deRham Complex Organizers: Mikhail Kapranov (Toronto), AnatolyLibgober (Illinois at Chicago), François Loeser (ENS),Jun 21–26 Point Processes—Theory and Applications Organizers: PeterGuttorp (Washington), Bruce Smith (Dalhousie)Jun 28–Jul 03 Joint Dynamics Organizers: Douglas Lind, Boris Solomyak(Washington), Daniel Rudolph (Maryland), Klaus Schmidt (Vienna)Jul 05–10 Mathematical Biology: From Molecules to Ecosystems; TheLegacy of Lee Segel Organizers: Leah Keshet (UBC), Simon A. Levin(Princeton), Mark Lewis (Alberta)Jul 12–17 Perspectives in Differential Geometry Organizers: RichardSchoen (Stanford), Gang Tian (MIT), Jingyi Chen (UBC)Jul 19–24 Differential Invariants and Invariant Differential EquationsOrganizers: Niky Kamran (McGill), Peter J. Olver (Minnesota)Jul 26–31 Analysis and Geometric Measure Theory Organizers: AnaGranados (UBC), Hervé Pajot (U. Cergy-Pontoise), Tatiana Toro (Washington)Aug 02–07 Monge-Ampere Type Equations and Applications Organizers:Alice Chang, Paul Yang (Princeton), Pengfei Guan (McMaster)Aug 09–16 Localization Behavior in Reaction-Diffusion Systems andApplications to the Natural Sciences Organizers: A. Bernoff (HarveyMudd College), P. Fife (Utah), T. Hillen (Alberta), M. J. Ward (UBC), J. Wei(Chinese U.)Aug 09–16 Defects and their Dynamics Organizers: Peter W. Bates(Brigham Young), Lia Bronsard (McMaster), Changfeng Gui (Connecticut)Aug 16–21 Current Trends in Arithmetic Geometry andNumber Theory Organizers: Imin Chen (SFU), Brian Conrad,Chris Skinner (Michigan), Eyal Goren (McGill), Adrian Iovita(Washington), Nike Vatsal (UBC)Aug 23–28 Computational Techniques for Moving InterfacesOrganizers: Randy LeVeque (Washington), Robert D. Russell,Steven Ruuth (SFU)Aug 30–Sep 04 A Scientific Creative Writing Workshop atBIRS Organizers: Marjorie Senechal (Smith College), ChandlerDavis (Toronto)Aug 30–Sep 04 Locally Finite Lie Algebras Organizers: YuriBahturin (Memorial Newfoundland), Georgia Benkart (Wiscon-sin-Madison), Ivan Penkov (UC-Riverside), Helmut Strade(Hamburg), Alexander Zalesskii (Northern Anglia)Sep 06–11 Regularization in Statistics Organizers: Ivan Mizera(Alberta), Roger Koenker (Illinois)Sep 13–18 Topology in and around Dimension Three Organiz-ers: Steve Boyer (Quebec), Martin Scharlemann (UC SantaBarbara), Abigail Thompson (UC Davis)Sep 20–25 Structural and Probabilistic Approaches to GraphColouring Organizers: Professor Bruce Reed (McGill), PaulSeymour (Princeton)Sep 27–Oct 02 Stochastic Partial Differential EquationsOrganizers: Martin Barlow, Edwin Perkins (UBC), KrzysztofBurdzy (Washington), Robert Dalang (Ecole PolytechniqueFédérale)Oct 04–09 Quadratic forms, Algebraic Groups, and GaloisCohomology Organizers: R. Elman, A.S. Merkurjev (UCLA),J. Minac (Western Ontario), C. Riehm (McMaster)Oct 11–16 BANFF Credit Risk Conference 2003 Organizers:Tom Astebro (Waterloo), Peter Beling (Virginia), David Hand(Imperial College), Robert Oliver (Fair Isaac Companies), LynThomas (Southampton)Oct 18–23 MITACS Special Industrial ForumOct 25–30 Current Trends in Representation Theory of FiniteGroups Organizers: Jonathan L. Alperin (Chicago), Michel Broue(Paris VII), Gerald Cliff (Alberta)Nov 01–06 PIMS HOT TOPICSNov 08–13 MSRI HOT TOPICSNov 15–20 The Interaction of Finite Type and Gromov-WittenInvariants Organizers: Jim Bryan (UBC), David Auckly (KansasState)Nov 22–27 Theory and Numerics of Matrix EigenvalueProblems Organizers: J. W. Demmel (UC Berkeley),N. J. Higham (Manchester), P. Lancaster (Calgary)Nov 29–Dec 04 Nonlinear Dynamics of Thin Films and FluidInterfaces Organizers: A. L. Bertozzi, R. P. Behringer,T. P. Witelski (Duke), R. Almgren, M. C. Pugh (Toronto),M. Shearer (NC State)Dec 06–11 Calabi-Yau Varieties and Mirror SymmetryOrganizers: Victor Batyrev (Tübingen), Shinobu Hosono (Tokyo),James D. Lewis (Alberta), Bong H. Lian (Brandeis), S.-T. Yau(Harvard), Noriko Yui (Queen’s), Don Zagier (Max-Planck)Dec 13–18 p-adic Variation of Motives Organizers: KevinBuzzard (Imperial College), Robert Coleman (UC Berkeley),Matthew Emerton (Northwestern), Eyal Goren (McGill)Dec 13–18 Coordinate Methods in Nonselfadjoint OperatorAlgebras Organizers: Allan Donsig (Nebraska), MichaelLamoureux (Calgary)BIRS — 2003 Programme for 5-day WorkshopsVol. 6, Issue 26Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesPIMS Thematic Programme on AsymptoticGeometric AnalysisContributed by Sandy Rutherford, PIMSThis past summer, PIMS-UBC hosted a 7-weekThematic Programme on Asymptotic Geomet-ric Analysis. The scientific committee was co-chaired by Vitali Milman (Tel Aviv) and NicoleTomczak-Jaegermann (Universi ty ofAlberta). The other members of the committeewere Nassif Ghousoub (PIMS and UBC),Robert McCann (University of Toronto) andGideon Schechtman (Weizmann Institute).Asymptotic geometric analysis is concernedwith the geometric and linear properties of fi-nite-dimensional convex bodies, especiallywith the asymptotics of various quantitativeparameters as the dimension of the underlyingspace tends to infinity. This field is multi-dis-ciplinary in nature, typically combining geo-metric, analytic, probabilistic and combinato-rial methods.This Thematic Programme brought togetherover 220 senior experts, young researchers,postdocs and advanced Ph.D. students frommathematics and computer science. Repre-sented among the programme of speakers werelaureates of many different honours and prizes,such as the Fields Medal,Nevanlinna Prize, WolfPrize, Salem Prize,Ostrowski Prize, and manyothers. The flavor of theworkshop may be felt fromthe following examples ofspeakers and directions (inbroad categories and listedin every group alphabeti-cally). Many more talks inevery direction were, in fact,given.• In the field of AsymptoticCombinatorics (which in-cluded also lectures relatingto graph and informationtheory), lectures were given by Noga Alon (TelAviv University), Imre Barany (UniversityCollege London), Jennifer Chayes (Microsoft),Gil Kalai (Hebrew University), MichaelKrivelevich (Tel Aviv University), LaszloLovasz (Microsoft) and Miklos Simonovits(Hungarian Academy of Sciences).• Keith Ball (University College London),Apostolos Giannopoulos (University of Crete),Yehoram Gordon (Technion), Hermann Koenig(Universität Kiel), Vitali Milman (Tel AvivUniversity), Gideon Schechtman (WeizmannInstitute), and Nicole Tomczak-Jaegermann(University of Alberta) lectured on Asymp-totic Geometric Analysis.• Classical Convexity was represented, forexample, by lectures given by Erwin Lutwak(Polytechnic University), Rolf Schneider (Uni-versity of Freiburg), and Peter Gruber (Uni-versity of Technology, Vienna).• In the direction of Analysis, Jean Bourgain(IAS), Alexander Koldobsky (University ofMissouri-Columbia), Izabella Laba (UBC),Mikhail Sodin (Tel Aviv University) spoke.• Complexity Theory was represented by thetalks of Ravi Kannan (Yale), Shmuel Safra (TelAviv University), and AviWigderson (Institute forAdvanced Study).• Talks on Statistical Phys-ics and Random Matriceswere given by ChristianBorgs (Microsoft) ,Ravindran Kannan (YaleUniversity), Leonid Pastur(Université Paris VII),Alexander Soshnikov (Uni-versity of California,Davis), and StanislawSzarek (Université Paris VIand Case Western Re-serve).• Franck Barthe (Université de Marne-la-Vallée,CNRS), Yann Brenier (CNRS), Jose A. Carrillo(Universidad de Granada), and RobertMcCann (University of Toronto) gave lectureson the Transportation of Measure.• Lectures in Probability Theory were givenby Rafal Latala (Warsaw University), MichelLedoux (Universi té de Toulouse), andKrzysztof Oleszkiewicz (Warsaw University).• Edward Effros (UCLA), Marius Junge (Uni-versity of Illinois), Alexandru Nica (Univer-sity of Waterloo), Zhong-Jin Ruan (Universityof Illinois), and Roland Speicher (Queen’sUniversity) represented Non-commutativePhenomena.• Lectures on Infinite Dimensional BanachSpaces were given by Tadeusz Figiel (PolishAcademy of Sciences), Joram Lindenstrauss(Hebrew University), Aleksander Pelczynski(Polish Academy of Sciences), HaskellRosenthal (University of Texas), and ThomasSchlumprecht (Texas A&M University).This list is only an excerpt from the veryrich programme of talks. For the complete listof participants and lectures see the AsymptoticGeometric Analysis Thematic Programmewebpage www.pims.math.ca/aga.Close to 100 of the lectures in theprogramme were taped and are available in bothstreaming realvideo and MP3 formats. Thisprovided an online resource to conference par-ticipants, allowing them to review previous lec-tures throughout the programme. To provide aresource to the mathematics community at large,we have now made entire collection of tapedlectures available from the main ThematicProgramme webpage given above and from thePIMS online lecture archive, http://www.pims.math.ca/video.The main directions of study were convexgeometric analysis (asymptotic theory of con-vex bodies and normed spaces), some prob-lems of discrete mathematics (one may call itasymptotic combinatorics) including problemsof complexity theory, and some problems ofstatistical physics. A number of lectures werealso given on closely-connected subjects inprobability and nonlinear PDEs arising in con-vex analysis and geometric inequalities.Fields medalist Jean Bourgain, IAS.Fall 2002 7Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesThe Programme was divided into six sec-tions: a Conference on Convexity and Asymp-totic Theory of Normed Spaces, a Concentra-tion Period on Measure Transportation andGeometric Inequalities, a Conference on Phe-nomena of Large Dimensions, a Focused Re-search Groups Session on Random Methodsand High Dimensional Systems, a Conferenceon Non-commutative Phenomena and RandomMatrices, and a Conference on Banach Spaces.The programme was strongly connected the-matically with many of the lectures illustratingthe cross-over between these fields. Most ofthe participants took advantage of this by at-tending a number of the sessions in theprogramme.Conference on Convexity and AsymptoticTheory of Normed SpacesThe programme opened with the Conferenceon Convexity and Asymptotic Theory ofNormed Spaces, organized by Erwin Lutwak(Polytechnic University) and Alain Pajor(Marne-La-Vallée). Lasting one week (July1–5) this conference featured lectures on clas-sical convexity theory, Radon transforms andFourier methods in convexity, asymptotictheory of high dimensional convex bodies, geo-metric functional inequalities, probabilisticmethods in convexity, and isoperimetric-typeinequalitiesConcentration Period on Measure Trans-portation and Geometric InequalitiesThe second week of the Thematic Programmewas devoted to the Concentration Period onMeasure Transportation and Geometric In-equalities, which was organized by RobertMcCann (University of Toronto). The focuswas on transportation of measure methods andtheir applications, including concentration ofmeasure phenomena, geometric functional in-e q u a l i t i e s(Brascamp-Lieb,Sobolev, entropy,Cramer-Crao andthe l ike), andp r o b a b i l i s t i cmethods. Thisconcentration pe-riod was orga-nized with aslightly lighterlecture scheduleto allow ample time for extensive informal dis-cussions between lectures.Conference on Phenomena of Large Di-mensionsThe Conference on Phenomena of Large Di-mensions ran from July 15–23. It was orga-nized by Vitali Milman (Tel Aviv), MichaelKrivelevich (Tel Aviv), Laszlo Lovasz(Microsoft Research) and Leonid Pastur (U.Paris VII). The main topics covered in thelectures were different phenomena observedin complexity theory, asymptotic combinato-rics, asymptotic convexity, statistical physicsand other theories of very high parametric fami-lies (or large dimensional spaces).Focused Research Groups on RandomMethodsThe period from July 24 to August 5 was de-voted to the Focused Research Groups on Ran-dom Methods and High Dimensional Systems.Participants took advantage of this period todiscuss previous lectures in the programme andto work in newdirections. Fur-t h e r m o r e ,G i d e o nS c h e c h t m a n n(Weizmann Insti-tute) andAlexander Litvak(University ofAlberta) each or-ganized an infor-mal series of lec-tures during thisperiod.The Asyptotic Geometric Analysis Thematic Programme organising committee:Vitali Milman (Tel Aviv), Nicole Tomczak-Jaegermann (University of Alberta)and Gideon Schechtman (Weizmann Institute). Missing from photo NassifGhousoub (PIMS and UBC) and Robert McCann (University of Toronto).AGA participants enjoying a reception at PIMS.Conference on Non-commutative Phenom-ena and Random Matrices,The Conference on Non-commutative Phenom-ena and Random Matrices, August 6–9, wasorganized by Gilles Pisier (U. Paris VI andTexas A & M) and Stanislaw Szarek (U. ParisVI and Case Western Reserve). Topics ad-dressed in this conference related to the distri-bution of eigenvalues of random matrices,norms of such matrices, some aspects of freeand quantum information theories, quantizedfunctional analysis and operator spaces, andnon-commutative Lp spaces.Conference on Banach SpacesThe programme closed with the Conference onBanach Spaces, which was organized by BillJohnson (Texas A & M) and Ted Odell(U. Texas, Austin). Unfortunately, personal cir-cumstances required Bill Johnson to cancel hisparticipation at the last minute and his pres-ence was greatly missed. This conference fo-cused on the asymptotic theory of Banachspaces and other applications of local theory tothe geometry of infinite dimensional Banachspaces.PIMS is grateful for the additional supportprovided to this Programme by the CRC grantof Nicole Tomczak-Jaegermann, by the NSFconference grants of Erwin Lutwak and TedOdell, and by Microsoft. Furthermore, wethank all of the organizers, speakers and par-ticipants for making this Programme such asuccess with their enthusiasm and dedication.Vol. 6, Issue 28Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesKneeling (L-R): Y. Yoshi, G. Cliff, T. Hurley, F. Szechtman, J. Goncalves, Y. Bahturin.Standing (L-R): A. Herman, E. Osmanagic, P. Campbell, F. Levin, A. Doom,unknown, N. Strungaru, T. Yokonuma, Y. Li, A. Weiss, C. Polcino, K. Hoechsmann, M.Hertwick, P. Roquette, A. Valenti, E. Jespers, A. Lichtman, S. Sehgal, A. Giambruno,M. Parmenter, M. Shirvani, N. Gupta, D. Passman, Z. Marciniak, M. Dokuchaev, L.Creedon, W. KimmerleAround Group Rings Seminar, Jasper, Alberta, February 18–21, 2002Contributed by G. Cliff, University of AlbertaThe conference was attended by 48 participants from NorthAmerica (Canada, United States), South America (Brazil),and Europe (Ireland, Italy, Poland, The Netherlands, Bel-gium, Germany) and Asia (Japan).The speakers were Passman (Wisconsin-Madison),Goncalves (Sao Paulo), Bakhturin (Memorial and MoscowState) on the first day, Lichtman (Wisconsin-Parkside),Giambruno (Palermo), Marciniak (Warsaw), Hertweck(Stuttgart) on the second day, Nebe (Ulm), Riley (Western),Szechtman (Waterloo), Jespers (Brussels), and Gupta(Manitoba) on the third day, and Roquette (Heidelberg) andHurley (Galway) on the last day. There was a problem ses-sion on Monday afternoon, where many open problems inthe subject were mentioned and discussed by the partici-pants.A volume of proceedings will appear in the seriesResenhas do IME published by the University of Sao Paulo.In February 2002 the Banff Centre hosted a small, focused, and very successful research workshop on Representations of Reductive p-adicGroups, bringing mathematicians from Canada, France, Germany and the US to the future site of the Banff International Research Station.The workshop was organized around three mathematical themes reflecting recent progress in the field: The construction of types for admissiblerepresentations of reductive p-adic groups and applications to character theory; applications of rigid analytic geometry to p-adic group represen-tation theory; results on L-packets. Organized by Clifton Cunningham (University of Calgary) and Fiona Murnaghan (University of Toronto), theworkshop included thirteen talks over the 21–23 February and a number of participants arrived early or stayed late in order to have more time withcolleagues and the mountains. Speakers and titles are listed below.Jeffrey Adler (University of Akron), Supercuspidal character germs for classical groupsAnne-Marie Aubert (CNRS ENS), Sheaves on adic spaces for p-adic group representation theoryStephen Debacker (Harvard), Quixotic questsLaurent Fargues (Institut de mathématiques de Jussieu), An introduction to Rapoport Zink spaces and their l-adic cohomologyDavid Goldberg (Purdue), The norm map and consequencesJeffrey Hakim (American University), Supercuspidal Representations Attached toSymmetric SpacesThomas Hales (Pittsburgh), Motives and Representations of Reductive p-adic GroupsChris Jantzen (East Carolina), Degenerate principal series for even-orthogonal groupsHenry Kim (Toronto), Application of Langlands’ functorial lift of SO(2n+1) to GL(2n)Julee Kim (IAS, Princeton), Dual blobs and Plancherel formulaPeter Schneider (Universität Münster), The algebraic theory of tempered represen-tationsMatthias Strauch (Universität Münster), Representations on vanishing cycles, traceformulas and boundariesJiu-Kang Yu (Maryland), Integral schemes for Moy-Prasad filtrationsOther participants appearing in the photograph are Peter Campbell (Alberta),Jason Levy (Ottawa) and Loren Spice (Chicago).Representations of Reductive p-adic GroupsBanff, Alberta, February 21–23, 2002Contributed by Clifton Cunningham, University of Calgary and Fiona Murnaghan, University of TorontoFall 2002 9Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesOutliers in Binary RegressionMatias Salibian-Barrera (Carleton), Estimat-ing the p-values of Robust Tests for the LinearModelArnold J. Stromberg (Kentucky), Computa-tional Issues in Robust StatisticsDavid Tyler (Rutgers), High Breakdown PointMultivariate M-EstimationJane-Ling Wang (UC, Davis),Semiparametric Random Effects Models forLongitudinal DataDoug Wiens (U of A), Robust, Sequential De-sign StrategiesVictor Yohai (Buenos Aires), High BreakdownPoint Robust Regression with Censored DataJulie Zhou (UVic), Robustness Issues for Con-fidence IntervalsFrom May 11–19, 2002, the Centre for Mathematical Biology (CMB) offered the 1st annual PIMS MathematicalBiology Summer Workshop entitled “Mathematics of Biological Systems”. Our aim was to introduce under-graduate mathematics students to mathematical modeling and analysis applied to real biological systems. Instruc-tors were Gerda de Vries, Thomas Hillen, Mark Lewis, and Michael Li, all from the University of Alberta. Therewas further assistance provided by volunteer graduate students, postdoc fellows, and staff (Robert Bechtel, Andrew Beltaos, Gustavo Carrero,Christina Cobbold, Tomas de Camino-Beck, Lisa Haraba, Annemarie Pielaat, Shirley Mitchell).We received applications from almost 40 students from all over North America. In the end, 26 students came to the workshop from 14 differentUniversities across Canada and the United States, many on their own funding. More than half of the attendees were women.The workshop was 8 days in length and was a combination of classroom instruction, computer lab instruction and exercises, guided groupproject work, and project presentations.The extremely positive feedback that was received, in combination with the large number of applicants and participants, has led us to pursuethe workshop as an annual event. We strongly believe the exchange of ideas and knowledge that occurred between students will be carried backto their home universities and that the program will grow in popularity over the years to come.Photographs and presentations from the workshop can be found at: www.math.ualberta.ca/~mathbio/events.html.Nearly 100 researchers from 10 different coun-tries came to UBC last May to participate inthe International Conference on Robust Statis-tics (ICORS 2002) hosted by PIMS and jointlysponsored by PIMS, MINERVA ResearchFoundation (USA) and SBF 475 at Universityof Dortmund (Germany). Participants gath-ered at PIMS to present and discuss recent re-search on robustness and computational statis-tics. ICORS 2002 was then followed up by aweekend Workshop on Computational Ro-bustness hosted by PIMS and co-sponsoredby NSF. Videos and slides of the followinglectures are availabe from the websitewww.pims.math.ca/icors2002/:Claudia Becker (Dortmund), Dimension Re-duction and Nonparametric Regression: ARobust CombinationTadeusz Bednarski (Zielona Gora), RobustInference for the Cox ModelGraciela Boente (Buenos Aires), Robust Esti-mators in Partly Linear ModelsDavid Brillinger (UC, Berkeley), John Tukeyand “Troubled” Time Series DataChristophe Croux (Leuven), On the Bianco-Yohai Estimator for High Breakdown LogisticRegressionInternational Conference on Robust StatisticsPIMS-UBC, May 12-18, 2002Contributed by Ruben Zamar, Statistics, UBCLaurie Davies (Essen), Breakdown andGroupsPeter Filzmoser (Vienna U. of Technology),Robust Factor AnalysisXuming He (Illinois at Urbana-Champaign),Straight Talks about Robust MethodsKaren Kafadar (Colorado), Statistical Analy-sis of Microarray Data from Affymetrix GeneChipsRicardo Maronna (U. Nacional de la Plata),Approaches to Robust Multivariate EstimationBased on ProjectionsDoug Martin (U. Washington and Insightful),Robust Statistics in Portfolio OptimizationStephan Morgenthaler (École PolytechniqueFédérale de Lausanne), The MultihalverRaymond Ng (UBC), Robust Space Trans-formations for Distance-basedOutliersDavid Rocke (UC, Davis), Multi-variate Outlier Detection and Clus-ter IdentificationElvezio Ronchetti (Geneva), Re-sistant Parametric and Nonpara-metric Modelling in FinancePeter Rousseeuw (Antwerp), Ro-bustness Against Separation and1st PIMS Mathematics of Biological Systems Summer WorkshopUniversity of Alberta, May 11–19, 2002Contributed by Mark Lewis, University of AlbertaICORS participants during their excursion to Capilano.The participants.Vol. 6, Issue 210Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesThe Americas Conference in Differential Equa-tions and Nonlinear Dynamics is a biennialseries that was established in 1994 as a joint ini-tiative of four major research centres in Southand North America: The Center for DynamicalSystems and Nonlinear Studies (CDSNS) atGeorgia Institute of Technology, USA, theInstituto de Investgaciones en MatemticasAplicadas y en Sistemas (IIMAS) at UniversidadNacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM),Mexico, the Instituto de Matemática Pura eAplicada (IMPA), Brazil, and Fundayacucho,Venezuela, with an initial objective of fosteringclose collaborations and exchanges among re-searchers in this scientific field among the fourcountries.The series was developed as a forum for thedissemination of scientific accomplishments inthe Americas and for the creation of new oppor-Americas V ConferenceEdmonton, July 7–12, 2002Contributed by Jim Muldowney, University of AlbertaShui-Nee Chow with some of his formerPhD students at Americas V.From PIMS’ Mailbag:The following PIMS postdoctoral fellows wereselected for the year 2002/03. The review panelwas Michael Lamoureux, (Chair, Math, UC),David Brydges (Math, UBC), Leah Keshet(Math, UBC), Richard Lockhart (Stats, SFU),Bryant Moodie (Math, UA) & Frank Ruskey(Comp Sci, UVic).• Inhyeop Yi: Dynamical systems and opera-tor algebras. Supervised by Ian Putnam(UVic).• Vladislav Panferov: PDEs (kinetic theory).Supervised by Reinhard Illner (UVic).• Kazuyuki Furuuchi: Theoretical physics(string theory). Supervised by GordonSemenoff (UBC).• Zhenya Yan: Applied math (soliton theoryand nonlinear integral systems). Supervisedby George Bluman (UBC).• Xavier Granier: Computer science (computergraphics). Supervised by Wolfgang Heidrich(UBC).• Ehud Schreiber: Theoretical physics (quan-tum field and string theories). Supervised byMoshe Rozali, Mark Van Raamsdonk (UBC).• William Galway: Computational numbert u n i t i e sfor col-laborationin dynamical systems. It has grown into one ofthe major international opportunities in this area.The first four conferences were held in Taxco,Mexico (1994), Aguas de Lindoa, Brazil (1996),Atlanta, USA (1998) and Mérida, Venezuela(2000).Americas V had 120 participants from 9Americas countries (Canada, USA, Mexico, Bra-zil, Venezuela, Colombia, Chile, Argentina andPeru) as well as from Asia and Europe. Theconference was dedicated to Professor Shui-NeeChow (Georgia Tech and University ofSingapore) on his sixtieth birthday. Shui-Neealong with a handful of others such as Jack Hale(USA), Gilberto Flores (Mexico) andHildebrando Rodriguez (Brazil) have been activefor many years in the development of scientificexchanges in the Americas especially at thegraduate level.The plenary lectures were delivered by JorgeSotomayor (Brazil), Jack Hale (USA),Hildebrando Rodrigues (Brazil), Mark Lewis(Canada), Jianhong Wu (Canada), RaúlManasevich (Chile), George Sell (USA),Alfonso Castro (Colombia, USA), AntonmariaMinzoni (Mexico), Jorge Cossio (Colombia),Tomas Gedeon (USA), Robert Gardner (USA),Kening Lu (USA), John Mallet-Paret (USA),Peter Polacik (USA), Yingfei Yi (USA) & HugoLeiva (Venezuela).An innovation at this conference was thePIMS Posters at Americas V which was a web-based poster session. A prize of $1000 for thebest graduate student poster was shared byGermán Jesus Lozada Cruz (from Peru, study-ing for his PhD at Universidade de São Paulo,Brazil) and Horacio Gómez-Acevedo (fromMexico, studying for his PhD at U of A, Canada).The Selection Jury for the graduate student post-ers was Raúl Manasevich (Chile), Gilberto Flores(Mexico) and Jianhong Wu (Canada).PIMS Postdoctoral Fellows for 2002/03theory. Supervised by Jonathan Borwein, Pe-ter Borwein, Imin Chen, Stephen Choi and PetrLisonek (SFU).• Russell Luke: Applied math (image process-ing). Supervised by Jon Borwein (SFU).• Grace Chiu: Statistics (applications to thelife sciences). Supervised by Richard Lockhartand Rick Routledge (SFU).• Riste Skrekovski: Computer science (graphtheory). Supervised by Pavol Hell (SFU).• Wen Chen: Signal & image processing. Super-vised by Bin Han and Rong-Qing Jia (U of A).• Roman Vershynin: Geometric functionalanalysis. Supervised by Nicole Tomczak-Jaegermann (U of A).• Christina Cobbold: Mathematical biology.Supervised by Mark Lewis (U of A).• Chuong Tran: Applied math (fluid dynam-ics). Supervised by John Bowman (U of A).• Peter Hoyer: Algorithmics, data structures,complexity theory and quantum computing.Supervised by Richard Cleve (U of C).• Tatjana Stykel: Applied math (numerical lin-ear algebra, control theory). Supervised byPeter Lancaster (U of C).Subject: Thank you for thetwo years support!Dear Prof. Nassif Ghoussoub,Thank you and PIMS for giving me thechance to work at PIMS. It is a great expe-rience to be a PIMS postdoc. You and all thepeople at PIMS are very kind and helpful,providing a very nice working environmentfor academic research. During the past twoyears, I have enjoyed my life in Vancouverand I worked happily and enthusiasticallywith my professors. More importantly, as anew immigrant, my whole life and academicexperience in Canda started from PIMS.Wherever I stay in the future, I will missPIMS and Vancouver for the rest of my life.I hope PIMS will be stronger and stron-ger in the future.Best regards,Yuqing WangFall 2002 11Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesPIMS-APCTP-PI Frontiers in Mathematical Physics:Workshop on “Brane Worlds and Supersymmetry”University of British Columbia, July 22– August 2, 2002Some of the extra dimension sce-narios use superstring theory to quan-tize gravity and predict thatsuperstring excitations should be observableat much lower energies than was previouslythought. The elementary particles seen so farwould be the lowest energy excitations ofsuperstrings. The next excited states wouldoccur at energies not much higher than themasses of already observed particles. This hasthe exciting consequence that these new ideasare testable by present and imminent experi-ments. For example, the existence of extra di-mensions modifies the gravitational interactionat short distances. If objects are close together,gravity would no longer have the Newtonianinverse square dependence on distance butwould have a different power depending onthe total number of dimensions of spacetime.There are now several new experiments dedi-cated to testing the laws of gravity at the mi-cron level.Lectures were given by:Alessandro D’Adda (INFN, Torino), Gaugetheories of the symmetric group in the large NlimitIgnatios Antoniadis (CERN), Physics withlarge extra dimension (2 lectures)Cliff Burgess (McGill), Fixing runawaymoduliKiwoon Choi (KAIST), Radius-dependentgauge coupling renormalization in AdS5Keith Dienes (Arizona), Shape versus volume:rethinking the properties of large extra dimen-sions and Solving the hierarchy problem with-out SUSY or extra dimensions: an alternativeapproachBogdan Dobrescu (Yale), Universal extradimensionAndreas Karch (Washington), Adding flavourto ADS/CFTEmanuel Katz (Washington), Little HiggsesNoboru Kawamoto (Hokkaido), Twistedsuperspace and Dirac-Kaehler fermionsHyung Do Kim (KIAS), Deconstructingwarped gauge theory and unificationC.S. Lam (McGill), What can neutrino oscil-Contributed by Sandy Rutherford, PIMSHeld at the Department of Physics and As-tronomy, UBC, this two-week workshop fea-tured a variety of talks on topics ranging fromfundamental questions in superstring theoryand supersymmetry to the cosmological impli-cations of brane world models and higher di-mensional physics. Brane world models sug-gest that the observable universe is a domainwall (the word brane derives from membrane)in a higher dimensional universe. These mod-els have been proposed as a possible solutionto the hierarchy problem, which asks why inthe standard model of particle physics the hier-archy of mass scales that is observed in naturecan occur.The standard model of particle physics is acomplicated nonlinear dynamical system. Insuch systems, predictions of dimensional num-bers like particle masses tend to be of the samesize, the size of the largest input parameter. Innature, there is a distribution of differentmasses, from massless particles like the pho-ton and the very light particles like the electronor neutrino to the mass scale which describesgravitational interactions, a factor of 1020heavier. Previous to these new ideas, the onlysolution of this hierarchy problem was to in-voke symmetries. In fact, supersymmetry — ahypothetical and as yet unobserved symmetrywhose transformations mix fermionic andbosonic particles — was needed. These newideas about extra dimensions give a radical newalternative solution of the hierarchy problem.This solution is so compelling that it has beenthe focus of intense theoretical particle physicsresearch over the past few years.The new ideas about extra dimensions havealso led to a revolution in our thinking aboutthe role of gravity in particle physics. Gravitywas previously thought to be important to theinteractions of elementary particles only at ex-tremely short distance scales, 10-34 centime-ters, or in processes involving extremely highenergies, far beyond the reach of any conceiv-able experiments. In most of the extra dimen-sion scenarios, gravity becomes an importantplayer in particle physics modeling.lation tells us about the possible existence ofan extra dimension?Y.S. Myung (Inje University), Limitation ofCardy-Verlinde formula on the holographicdescription of brane cosmologyErich Poppitz (Toronto), Instanton effects in5d theories and deconstructionKonstantin Savvidis (Perimeter Institute), Anew non-commutative field theoryGeorge Savvidy (National Research Center,Demokritos), Conformal invariant string withextrinsic curvature actionGordon Semenoff (UBC), Nonplanar correc-tions to PP-wave stringsMikhail Shifman (Minnesota), Cosmologicalconstant problem in infinite volume extra di-mensions: a possible solution and Topologicaleffects in our brane world from extra dimen-sionsHenry Tye (Cornell), Brane world cosmology:from superstring to cosmic stringsNeal Weiner (Washington), Supersoftsupersymmetry breakingThe programme was organized as that it al-lowed the opportunity for extensive discussionbetween the lectures. The lectures were video-taped and are available in realvideo and MP3format from www.pims.math.ca/science/2002/fmp.This workshop was the sixth of the annualworkshops in the Frontiers in MathematicalPhysics series. It was co-sponsored by PIMS,the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physicsand the Asia Pacific Center for TheoreticalPhysics. The organizing committee was chairedby John Ng (TRIUMF). Other members ofthe organizing committee were Andreas Karch(University of Washington), Taejin Lee(APCTP), Moshe Rozali (UBC), AlexanderRutherford (PIMS) and Gor-don Semenoff (UBC).Vol. 6, Issue 212Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesPNW String Seminar, PIMS at UBC,March 08–10, 2002Contributed by Sandy Rutherford, PIMSThe second annual PNW String Theory Semi-nar featured a series of talks on recent devel-opments in string theory. It was organized byKazayuki Furuuchi (PIMS & UBC), MosheRozali (UBC) and Gordon Semenoff (UBC).This weekend meeting provides an opportu-nity for graduate students to interact with lead-ing researchers in the field. The talks weregiven by: Kazuyuki Furuuchi (PIMS &UBC), Andreas Karch (UW), David Kutasov(Chicago), Shin Nakamura (KEK), KazumiOkuyama (Chicago), Jan Plefka (AEI,Potsdam), Lisa Randall (Harvard), EvaSilverstein (Stanford), Matthias Staudacher(AEI, Potsdam) and Leonard Susskind(Stanford).2002 Spring Meeting of the PNW Statisti-cal Group, UBC, April 12, 2002Contributed by Jenny Bryan, UBCThis biannual meeting is organized by the stat-isticians at several institutions and universitiesin the Pacific northwestern U.S. and westernprovinces of Canada. The Spring 2002 meet-ing was held at St. John’s College at UBC andincluded 44 participants, with good represen-tation from various institutions and excellentparticipation by graduate students. The mainspeaker was: Ying MacNab (Health Care andEpidemiology, UBC and Centre for Commu-nity Health and Health Evaluation Research,BC Research Institute for Children’s andWomen’s Health), Statistical modeling issuesin hospital performance comparison studies:the Neonatal Health Services in CanadaProject.Sixth Annual Pacific North West NumberTheory Conference, PIMS-SFU, April 20–21, 2002Contributed by Peter Borwein, SFUThe sixth annual PNW Number Theory Meet-ing had about 40 participants primarily fromWashington, Oregon, Alberta and British Co-Recent Pacific Northwest (PNW) Seminarslumbia. The invited speakers were: KristinLauter (Microsoft), Greg Martin (UBC),Carl Pomerance (Bell Labs), MarkSheingorn, Fernando Rodriguez Villegas(Texas, Austin) and Hugh Williams (U of C).Spring Session of the West Coast Optimi-zation Meeting, SFU, May 3–4, 2002Contributed by Philip Loewen, UBCThe West Coast Optimization Meeting(WCOM) occurs twice each year, with onemeeting in Greater Vancouver and one in Se-attle. The spring session was well-attended,with over thirty participants. There were seven45-minute technical presentations and a shorttheoretical talk, covering the full spectrum oftheory, implementations, and applications ofcontinuous optimization. The following peoplespoke at the meeting: James V. Burke (UW),Asen Dontchev (Mathematical Reviews),Oliver Dorn (UBC), Marian Fabian (CzechAcademy of Sciences), Gabor Pataki (NorthCarolina), Tamas Terlaky (McMaster), PaulTseng (UW) and Jonathan Borwein (SFU).The session concluded with a small group dis-cussion, led by Tamas Terlaky, of the pros-pects for stimulating and structuring a nation-wide collaboration in optimization.Western Canada Linear Algebra Meeting,University of Regina, May 10–11, 2002Contributed by Steve Kirkland, U. of ReginaThis meeting was the sixth in the ongoing se-ries of WCLAMs, which have been heldroughly every two years since 1993. The meet-ing received financial support from the NationalProgramme Committee, the University ofRegina Conference Fund, and the Universityof Regina Faculty of Science. WCLAM 2002featured 18 talks by speakers from Canada, theUnited States and Germany. The lectures cov-ered a range of research areas associated withlinear algebra, include matrix theory, operatortheory, graph theory, applied mathematics, nu-merical analysis and combinatorics. The listof speakers included two winners of the HansSchneider prize, which is given out every threeyears by the International Linear Algegra Soci-ety for outstanding contributions to researchin linear algebra. In addition to the contributedtalks, the meeting featured lectures from threeinvited speakers: Jane Day (San Jose State),Ludwig Elsner (Universität Bielefeld) andChris Godsil (Waterloo).Joint Meeting of the PNW GeometrySeminar and the Cascade TopologySeminar, UWashington, May 11–12, 2002Contributed by John Palmieri, UWRoughly 60 people attended this meeting,mostly from Washington, Oregon, and BritishColumbia. Individually, the PNW GeometrySeminar and the Cascade Topology Seminarare regular, regional meetings for geometersand topologists, respectively. This joint meet-ing provided a good setting for the usual inter-actions within each group, but also interactionsbetween the groups. The meeting also receivedfunding from the National Science Foundation.The talks were designed so as to be accessibleto the entire audience, and they were well-re-ceived. This was reflected in the broad partici-pation in the problem sessions following thetalks. Topics for talks included informationtheory, gauge theory, conformal field theory,and rational homotopy theory. Speakers: JohnBaez (UC Riverside), Dan Christensen(Western Ontario), Ralph Cohen (Stanford),Megan Kerr (Wellesley), Laura Scull (UBC)and Deane Yang (Polytechnic University).3rd PNW PDE Meeting, Washington StateUniversity, Pullman, May 23–25, 2002Contributed by Gunther Uhlmann, UWThis meeting was held in honor of John R.Cannon’s 65th birthday. The conference wasorganized by Robert Dillon, Alex Khapalov,V.S. Manoranjan and Hong-Ming Yin, fromWashington State University. The invitedspeakers covered a wide range of topics in par-tial differential equations including inverse andill-posed problems, free boundary problems,PDE’s arising in the life sciences, PDE’s aris-ing in financial mathematics and numericalanalysis of PDE’s.For more information about PNW Seminarsplease see www.pims.math.ca/science/pnw.Fall 2002 13Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesInverse problems are problems in which the goal isto find objects their material or biological propertiesor information about their surrounding environmentwhich cannot be measured directly or it is not desir-able to do so. These problems arise in many areasof applications including geophysics, medical imag-ining, remote sensing and non-destructive evalua-tion of materials.During the last twenty years or so there hasbeen remarkable developments in the mathematicaltheory of inverse problems. These developmentstogether with the enormous increase in computingpower and new powerful numerical methods hasmade possible to make significant progress on in-creasingly more realistic and difficult inverse prob-lems. The purpose of the period of concentration isto bring together mathematicians and practitionersto work on these problems on these problem. Dur-ing 2003 a series of workshops on inverse prob-lems will be held at different locations emphasizingthe wide range of applications. Gunther Uhlmannis the coordinator of the PIMS thematic year.Pan-American Advanced StudiesInstitute (PASI) on PDEs, InverseProblems and Non-Linear AnalysisCentro de Modelamiento Matemático,Universidad de Chile, Jan 6–19, 2003Organisers: Rafael Benguria (PontificiaUniversidad Católica de Chile), Carlos Conca(Universidad de Chile), Nassif Ghoussoub (PIMS& UBC), Raul Manásevich (co-chair, Universidadde Chile), Wei-Ming Ni (U. Minnesota), GuntherUhlmann (co-chair, U. Washington) and MichaelVogelius (Rutgers U.).The PASI will consist of a series of intensive mini-courses during the first week followed the secondweek by a workshop focused on latest develop-ments. The mini-courses will be given byL. Caffarelli, G. Ponce, F. Santosa, T. Toro andG. Uhlmann.The PASI is sponsored by the US NSF, USDept. of Energy, PIMS, Conicyt and the CMM.PIMS will be sponsoring the participation ofCanadian students in PASI. Nomination letters forinterested and qualified graduate students in Cana-dian universities should be sent by their supervi-sors to the PIMS Central Office at UBC. The dead-line is October 15, 2002.One of the main objectives of the PASI on PDE,IP and NA is to bring many of the recent develop-ments to advanced graduate students, postdocs andother scientists in the Americas interested in thesePIMS 2003 Thematic Programme on Inverse Problems & Applicationsfields and their applications. Another important ob-jective is to foster international cooperation through-out the Americas.BIRS Workshop on Scattering andInverse ScatteringBanff, March 22–27, 2003Organisers: Richard Froese (Chair, UBC),Gunther Uhlmann (U. Washington)The workshop will focus on recent develop-ments in scattering and inverse scatteringtheory. In both these fields techniques ofmicrolocal analysis, including the use of eikonalequations and of complex geometrical opticssolutions to Schroedinger and other equations,has led to substantial progress in recent years.Scattering theory seeks an understandingof spectral phenomena for noncompact mani-folds. There has been a recent focus in thissubject on what is now termed geometric scat-tering, which amounts to the study of scatter-ing on classes of noncompact complete mani-folds with regular structures at infinity. Someof the questions asked here concern the smoothparametrization of the continuous spectrum byfunctions on some ideal boundary, the struc-ture of the scattering matrix as an operator onthis ideal boundary, and the study of resonances,which are poles of the meromorphic continua-tion of the resolvent. There are many subtleconnections between these objects and the ge-ometry of the underlying manifold.PIMS-MITACS Workshop on InverseProblems in GeophysicsPIMS, U. Calgary, July 21–26, 2003Organisers: Maarted de Hoop (Colorado Schoolof Mines), Gary Margrave (Chair, U. Calgary),Gunther Uhlmann (U. Washington) and WilliamSymes (Rice U.).Seismic imaging creates images of the Earth’s up-per crust using seismic waves generated by artifi-cial sources and recorded into extensive arrays ofsensors (geophones or hydrophones). The tech-nology is based on a complex and rapidly evolving,mathematical theory that employs advanced solu-tions to a wave equation as tools to solve approxi-mately the general seismic inverse problem. In theyear 2000, nearly $4 billion was spent worldwideon seismic imaging. The heterogeneity and anisot-ropy of the Earth’s upper crust require advancedmathematics to generate wave-equation solutionssuitable for seismic imaging. The workshop willbring together mathematicians familiar with thesetechniques and geophysicists familiar with the prac-tical applications.PIMS-MITACS-IMA Workshop onIndustrial Applications of InverseProblemsPIMS-UBC, July 27–August 1, 2003Organisers: Fadil Santosa (Chair, U. Minne-sota), David Dobson (Texas A & M), GaryMargrave (U. Calgary) and Gunther Uhlmann(U. Washington).The goal of the workshop is to stimulate the cre-ation of interdisciplinary teams, consisting of math-ematicians, engineers and scientists, that would con-tinue working on inverse problems posed by in-dustry scientists at the workshop. The teams willcomprise of a mix of senior and junior mathemati-cians that are broadly trained in mathematics and areinterested in collaborating with industry on real-world inverse problems.This workshop will concentrate on industrialapplications of inverse problems. The goal is todetermine defects, corrosion, cracks, very small in-homogeneities, cavities or inclusions by noninvasivemeasurements. The object under study is probedusing X-rays or electromagnetic and elastic wavesand the mathematical methods are based on the studyof inverse boundary and scattering problems.Workshop on Inverse Problems andMedical ImagingU. Washington, Seattle, August 4–8, 2003Organisers: John Schotland (chair), RichardAlbanese (Armstrong Research Lab, BrooksAFB), Tom Budinger (Biomedical Engineering,Berkeley), David Isaacson (Courant), AmirGandjbakhche (National Institute of Health) andGunther Uhlmann (U. Washington).This workshop will concentrate on recent develop-ments in medical imaging including the advances inengineering and image processing mathematicswhich have allowed for significant enhancement ofwidely used imaging techniques like X-ray tomog-raphy, magnetic resonance imaging, single photonemission tomography, positron emission tomogra-phy, ultrasound etc. Of particular interest is recentprogress in “elasticity imaging” which uses ad-vances in the mathematical study of wave propaga-tion in heterogeneous media for the evaluation ofmechanical properties of tissue inaccessible to touchby a physician.Vol. 6, Issue 214Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesPIMS Collaborative Research Groupsby Nassif Ghoussoub, PIMS DirectorAs part of its second phase of development,PIMS is embarking on a plan that will createand support collaborative multi-universityteams of mathematical scientists. These Col-laborative Research Groups (CRGs) will pooltalent across universities to form world-classresearch groups that will generate and sustainthe scientific programme of PIMS in the yearsto come.The research programs of these groups willbe supported through a new PIMS programthat supports concentrated activities in 5-10 re-search areas each year. This programme, runon a competitive basis, will support multi-siteactivities of selected CRGs over a 1-2 yearperiod of concentration.What is a PIMS CRG?The CRGs typically consist of researchers witha common research interest and with a com-mon desire to collaboratively develop someaspects of their research programs. Groups mayalready be organizing joint seminars and work-shops, making joint PDF appointments, or de-veloping joint graduate training programs.However, with the resources and organizationalstructure of PIMS they will be able to do con-siderably more.The CRGs act as a vehicle for networkingbetween universities. They effectively integratethe mathematical sciences community at thevarious PIMS universities into the scientificinfrastructure of PIMS. They will build on al-ready existing joint efforts and links betweenthe researchers of Western Canada and the USPacific Northwest thereby opening up a newera of scientific collaborations between the twocountries. They will also will assume scien-tific leadership at the Banff Station and somewill have the potential to lead industrial projectsthrough the MITACS network.The CRGs will create critical mass that willsubstantially enhance training programs at alllevels. The pooling of PIMS support with othersources and the joint planning of resource allo-cation will allow the CRGs to support a largenumber of PDFs and graduate students andwill create new research opportunities for theseyoung scientists, including exchanges, jointsupervision, and summer schools.The CRGs directly address the problems ofretention and recruitment of faculty. They area venue for new faculty to get plugged into alarger community, they give young faculty aneffective network to build their research pro-gram, and they enhance the attractiveness ofthe universities.PIMS has identified 32 potential CRGswithin its community, spanning five broad ar-eas of research to which PIMS is committed:Fundamental Mathematics, Applied and com-putational Mathematics, Mathematical Biologyand Medicine, Statistical Sciences and Theo-retical Computer Science. While some are al-ready well established and structured, in mostcases they are just forming. Each CRG, whichconsists of 10-15 Canadian and US research-ers, are to be jointly coordinated by at least 3senior researchers representing various PIMS’Sites.Periods of Concentrated activitiesfor the CRGsThe Periods of Concentration are designed topromote and support longer term, multi-event,multi-site coordinated activities of competitivelyselected CRGs, in tandem with their nationaland international collaborators and visitors.Every year, the PIMS Scientific Review Panelwill select on a competitive basis, up to 5 areasof research from those proposed by existing ordeveloping CRGs. The selected areas will bethe focus of much of the institute’s programover a 1–2 year period of concentrated activi-ties that will be delivered through the selectedCRGs. Thus, at any given time, as many as 10CRGs may be leading the PIMS scientific en-terprise. Proposals can vary greatly accordingto the needs of the particular group and maycombine a number of existing PIMS activities.During its period of concentration, a CRG canexpect to receive priority for:• Thematic programs and mini-programs• PIMS postdoctoral fellowships• Pacific Northwest mini-conference series• 5-day workshops at BIRS• Focussed workshops at host universities• Intensive two week graduate courses• Distinguished chairs & long term visitors• Graduate students exchanges• Graduate & senior undergrad schools• Industrial training camps• International collaborations• Teaching relief & sabbatical supplements.With this support, a CRG can plan to gathera significant portion of the world’s experts inits focus topic for periods of intense collabora-tion. The fruits of such intensity can be ex-pected to persist for many years and to be ex-ponentially greater than the results of morenormal activity levels.In due course, all 32 of the PIMS CRGsrecognized so far would be given the benefit ofa period of concentration. This approach shoulddramatically increase the effectiveness of thePIMS research program by making its facili-ties and its opportunities available to all CRGson a periodic basis.Expected Impact of the Periods ofConcentrationA targeted and coordinated, yet inclusive grass-roots approach of this form will present a newand innovative way for the institute to driveand stimulate research and will result in a sig-nificant impact on the research excellence ofits activities. The program’s extended timescale, its multi-event nature and its cross-uni-versity character together distinguish it fromany other institute program. Its implementa-tion will allow PIMS to achieve several of itsgoals. It will:• Provide new ways of having its scien-tific programs driven by its member scientists:The program will help elicit proposals for the-matic summers, miniprograms, BIRS events,and distinguished scholars as part of the appli-cation process. These programs will have stronglocal interest and will encourage grass-rootsgeneration and longterm planning of activitieswith a much more inclusive and flexible for-Fall 2002 15Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciencesmat than standard thematic programs.• Foster multi-site interactions and collabo-rations: The program will continue to build theinter-site collaborative nature of the PIMS com-munity and will alleviate the problems of inter-connection inherent in large geographical sepa-rations between the PIMS sites. It creates acontext through which researchers can collec-tively profit from the opportunities created byPIMS, the Banff station and the MITACS net-work.• Create new research opportunities andenhance training: The periods of concentrationwill allow for the planning of a series of ad-vanced graduate courses at any one site withthe participation of students from multiplePIMS universities. The Western Dean’s agree-ment allows graduate students at any WesternCanadian university to take courses, for credit,at any Canadian PIMS university. The resultwill be new opportunities for PIMS graduatestudents and a larger audience for PIMS andvisiting scientists. This will directly lead to avigorous graduate student exchange program.• Support existing collaborative researchgroups and foster new groups: The periods ofconcentration will help to strengthen groupsand give them a vehicle for long-range plan-ning of research and advanced education ac-tivities. As well it will encourage and empowerisolated groups or smaller ones at one univer-sity by bringing them into larger collaborativeteams.• Effectively facilitate Canada-US collabo-rations: The program will effectively integratethe mathematical sciences community at the U.of Washington into the operations of the insti-tute. It will allow the 12 groups of Canadianand US researchers that are currently organiz-ing the PNW Seminars to develop further theircollaborative activities, and allow other groupsto launch these types of activities. The pro-gram will also provide researchers with themeans to play a leadership role on the nationaland international level.• Attract additional support for research:Periods of concentration will provide depart-ments and universities with a mechanism forgranting teaching and administrative releasesto the scientists involved. Such programs canalso be developed in collaboration with otherorganizations and institutes, hence multiplyingthe opportunities.Upcoming Areas ofConcentration: 2003–06String Theory: 2003–05The concentration of researchers in string theoryand closely related fields in the PIMS and Perim-eter Institute communities has reached a criticalsize and has the potential to be a major player inthe international research community.Members of the CRG: B. Campbell, V. Frolov,D. Page, T. Gannon (UA); G. Semenoff,M. Rozali, M. Van Raamsdonk, K. Schleich,D. Witt, M. Choptuik, W. Unruh, J. Bryan,K. Behrend (UBC); M. Walton (Lethbridge);R. Myers, L. Smolin (Perimeter Institute);K. Viswanathan (SFU); A. Peet (Toronto); andA. Karch (Washington).Scientific Computing: 2003–05A special feature of this period of concentra-tion is the promotion of a multidisciplinaryapproach to the subject and the inclusion ofimportant research topics such as the earth andatmospheric sciences.Members of the CRG: R. Choksi,M.C. Kropinski, T. Möller, D. Muraki,K. Promislow, B. Russell, S. Ruuth,L. Trajkovic, M. Trummer, J. Verner, R. Zahar(SFU); Y. Lin, J. Macki, P. Minev, Y.S. Wong(UA); U. Ascher, O. Dorn, S. Dunbar,I. Frigaard, A. Peirce, B. Seymour, B. Shizgal,J. Varah, M. Ward, B. Wetton, M. Yedlin (UBC);T. Ware, R. Westbrook (UC); D. Olesky, P. vanden Driessche (UVic); R. LeVeque, L. Adams,D. Durran, A. Greenbaum, G. Hakim, N. Kutz,R. O’Malley, P. Schmid, J. Burke, C. Bretherton(Washington); R. Bradean, J. Kenna (Ballard);J. Lewis, S. Filipowski, M. Epton (Boeing); andS. Reddy (Quadrus Financial).Number Theory: 2003–05All areas of Number Theory will be dealt within this concentration period, including compu-tational and arithmetic aspects.Members of the CRG: M. Bennett, D. Boyd,B. Casselman, R. Gupta, I. Laba, G. Martin,N. Vatsal (UBC); P. Borwein, I. Chen, S. Choi,P. Lisonek (SFU); R. Guy, J. Jones, R. Mollin,R. Scheidler, H. Williams (UC); R. Greenberg,A. Iovita, N. Koblitz, B. Solomyak (Washing-ton); A. Akbary, O. Kihel (Lethbridge);E. Dobrowolski (College of New Caledonia);M. Klassen (DigiPen Inst of Tech); K. Lauter(Microsoft); and J. Lewis (UA).Mathematical Ecology: 2003–05This concentration period will incubate signifi-cant new original research, foster local interac-tions, provide leadership to the new researchers,and strengthen the international profile of math-ematical ecology & evolution in our universities.Members of the CRG: M. Boyce, T. Hillen,S. Lele, M. Lewis , M. Li, J. Roland, J. So (UA);E. McCauley (UC); F. Brauer, M. Doebeli,N. Heckman, L. Keshet, J. Zidek (UBC);J. Anderson, C. Bergstrom, D. Grunbaum,R. Hilborne, M. Kot (Washington); B. Roitberg(SFU); and P. van den Driessche (UVic).Dynamics & Related Topics: 2003–05Due to the diversity of the researchers in thisCRG a wide range of topics will be covered in-cluding operator algebras, the dynamics of bio-logical systems, and aperiodic order theory.Members of the CRG: R. Moody, A. Lau,V. Runde, A. Weiss (UA); M. Lamoureux,B. Brenken, I. Nikolaev (UC); D. Lind,C. Hoffman, S. Rohde, B. Solomyak, S. Tuncel,M. Einsiedler (Washington); I. Putnam,J. Phillips, M. Laca, C. Bose, R. Edwards (UVic);K. Schmidt (Vienna); M. Boyle (Maryland);C. Denninger (Muenster); W. Parry (Warwick);and D. Rudolph (Maryland).Probability Theory & Statistical Me-chanics: 2004–06Two challenging and related topics looked at bythis group will be:I. The development of a general theory of inter-active superprocesses & in particular methods tocharacterize these processes & study their prop-erties.II. The use of such models in mathematical ecol-ogy and evolution.Members of the CRG: D. Brydges, J. Feldman,G. Slade, M. Barlow, E. Perkins, J. Walsh(UBC); B. Schmuland, M. Kouritzin (UA);C. Burdzy, Z.-Q. Chen, B. Erickson, S. Rohde(Washington); J. Chayes, C. Borgs, O. Schramm,D. Wilson (Microsoft); C. Soteros, R. Srinivasan(Saskatchewan); R. van der Hofstad (Eurandon);and D. Dawson (McGill).For more information please seewww.pims.math.ca/CRG/.Vol. 6, Issue 216Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesNational ProgrammeCommittee Call forProposalsSubmission of proposals involving joint ini-tiatives with the Fields Institute and CRMshould be made by October 15, 2002.Applications should be sent to:Chair, National Programme CommittePacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesRoom 205, 1933 West MallUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouver BC V6T 1Z2Canadaor by email to npc@pims.math.caPlease see the webpagew w w. p i m s . m a t h . c a / o p p o r t u n i t i e s /natprogcomm.html for details.PIMS is now accepting nominations for thefollowing prizes:1. PIMS Research PrizeAwarded for a particular outstanding contribu-tion to the mathematical sciences that was dis-seminated during the five-year period prior tothe award being given. Open to Canadian citi-zens, permanent residents of Canada and resi-dents of Pacific Rim countries who maintainacademic ties to the Canadian mathematicalsciences community.2. PIMS Education PrizeAwarded to a member of the PIMS communitywho has made a significant contribution to edu-cation in the mathematical sciences. This prizeis intended to recognize individuals from thePIMS member universities or other educationalinstitutions in Alberta and British Columbia,who have played a major role in encouragingactivities which have enhanced public aware-ness and appreciation of mathematics, as wellas fostering communication among variousgroups and organizations concerned with math-ematical training at all levels.3. PIMS Industrial Outreach PrizeAwarded to an individual who has employedCall for Proposals forPIMS Conference,Workshops, Seminarsand Related ActivitiesPIMS is now welcoming applications for sup-port for conferences, workshops, seminars andrelated activities in the Mathematical Sciences,to occur after April 1, 2003.The deadline for applications is October 15,2002. After being reviewed by the PIMS Sci-entific Review Panel, the decisions will be an-nounced by January 31, 2002.For further information please seew w w. p i m s . m a t h . c a / o p p o r t u n i t i e s /proposals.html.mathematical analysis in the resolution of prob-lems with direct industrial, economic or socialimpact. This prize is intended for individualsfrom the academic, private or government sec-tors. This prize will be given to individualswho at the time of nomination are Canadiancitizens or permanent residents of Canada.Nominees for each prize should be nominatedby three sponsors. They are to provide a coverletter explaining the nominee’s contribution,impact and relevance for the prize. The nomi-nation should also include a CV of the nomi-nee, a publication list, a list of creative worksor list of industrial products, and relevantsamples of the nominee’s work, such as re-prints, patents or educational materials.Nominations should be sent to:Attention: PIMS PrizesPIMS Director’s OfficeRoom 200, 1933 West MallUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouver BC V6T 1Z2CanadaNominations must be received by Oct 15, 2002.For more information, please see the webpagewww.pims.math.ca/prizes.Important Deadlines for PIMS OpportunitiesCall for Proposals forBIRS 2004 SeasonThe Banff International Research Station isnow accepting proposals for the 2004 seasonwhich runs March 12 – December 18, 2004.The deadline for workshop proposals is Octo-ber 15, 2002. This is the optimal, but not nec-essary, date for other types of programs too. Ifpossible, proposal submissions should be madeonline using the Online Submission Forms.Please see the websitewww.pims.math.ca/birs/proposals_menu/for further details including descriptions of thevarious BIRS programmes and guidelines forsubmitting proposals.PIMS PostdoctoralFellowshipNominationsThe Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sci-ences invites applications for Postdoctoral Fel-lowships from outstanding young researchersin the mathematical sciences for the year 2003–2004. Applicants must be nominated by ascientist(s) affiliated with PIMS or by a De-partment (or Departments) affiliated withPIMS. The fellowships are intended to supple-ment support made available through such asponsor. The Institute expects to support up to20 fellowships tenable at any of its Canadianmember universities: Simon Fraser University,the University of Alberta, the University ofBritish Columbia, the University of Calgary,and the University of Victoria, as well as theaffiliated universities: the University of North-ern British Columbia and the University ofLethbridge.The deadline is February 7, 2003. Pleasesee www.pims.math.ca/opportunities/pdf.html for details.Call for Nominations for PIMS PrizesFall 2002 17Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesNew Lectures Available via Streaming Video over the InternetMany more videos are now available at http://www.pims.math.ca/video/ The videos arein Realvideo format. We have high resolutionjpeg images of the speaker’s slides when pos-sible. MP3 files are also available for listeningto for many of the lectures. The library is di-vided into five main sections. The followinglist gives some of the more recent videos thatPIMS is offering.Ceremonies and Meetings • PIMS Awards Ceremony 2001, Vancouver,December 1, 2001 • Announcement Ceremony for the Banff In-ternational Research Station, The Banff Cen-tre, Banff Alberta and The National ScienceFoundation, Washington, DC, September 24,2001• Opening Ceremonies and Banquet of the 2001Canada-China Mathematics Congress, UBC,August 20, 2001Seminar Series andDistinguished LecturesMITACS Annual General Meeting,UBC, May 23–25, 2002 • Gilbert Strang (MIT), Filtering and SignalProcessing • Ron Graham (UC, San Diego), GuessingSecrets • Anil K. Jain (University of Michigan), Fin-gerprint MatchingIAM-PIMS 2001–02 Joint DistinguishedColloquia, UBC • Eva Tardos (CornellUniversity), Approxima-tion Algorithms andGames on Networks • Adam Arkin (UC, Ber-keley), Signal Processingin Cellular RegulatoryNetworks: Physical Mod-els, Formal Abstractions and Applications • Russel Caflisch (UCLA), Modeling andSimulation for Epitaxial Growth • Joel H. Ferziger (Stanford University), Nu-merical Simulation of Turbulence • David Gottlieb (Brown University), Spec-tral Methods for Discontinuous Problems • Philippe R. Spalart (Boeing, Seattle), De-tached-Eddy SimulationDistinguished Lectures• Ivar Ekeland (Université Paris-Dauphine),Systems of Nonlinear PDEs arising in eco-nomic theory,UBC, March 22,2002• David Gillman(UCLA), Oddembeddings onlens spaces,UBC, May 31,2001• Douglas Arnold (Director, IMA, Minne-sota), Colliding Black Holes and GravityWaves: A new Computational Challenge, UBC,May 16, 2001• David Eisenbud (Director, MSRI), ChowForms and Resultants—old and new, UBC,April 12, 2001Thematic Programmes,Conferences andWorkshopsThematic Programme on AsymptoticGeometric Analysis, PIMS at the UBC,July 1–August 15, 2002100 lectures are available!International Conference on Robust Sta-tistics, UBC, May 13–17, 200223 lectures are available!PNW String Theory Seminar, PIMS atthe UBC, March 8–10, 200210 lectures are available!MinicoursesMinicourses by PIMS DistinguishedChairsMichael Shelley (Courant Institute), PIMSDistinguished Chair, Simon Fraser University,November–December, 2001 • Computing Free Boundary Problems inMoving Fluids (lecture 1) • Computing with Surface Tension, and Dis-covering Singularities (lecture 2) • Pattern Formation in Fluid Dynamics: FluidDynamics meets Materials Science (lecture 3) • Why do Flags Flap? (lecture 4) • Bending in the Wind: Elasticity and DragReduction (lecture 5)Vladimir Turaev (National Center of Scien-tific Research, France), PIMS DistinguishedChair, U. of Calgary, July–August, 2001 • Torsion of chain complexes (lecture 1) • Mehler’s Formula and the RenormalizationGroup (lecture 2) • Euler structures and refined torsions (lec-ture 3) • The torsion function of 3-manifolds (lec-ture 4) • Properties of the torsion function (lecture 5)Educational ActivitiesPIMS Changing the Culture 2002, SFUHarbour Centre, April 26, 2002 • Ed Barbeau (Mathematics, University ofToronto), Symbiosis: Intu-ition and Rigour • Brent Davis (Education,University of Alberta) ,Rigour : Mathematics : :Intuition : Teaching ... AndVice VersaEva Tardos,Cornell UniversityEd Barbeau,U. TorontoDavid Gillman, UCLAVol. 6, Issue 218Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesIs Economic Theory True?By Dr. Ivar Ekeland, Université Paris-DauphineI. The problem of testingEconomic theory, like physics, works from the bottom up. For the physi-cist, objects, as we see them, are built from atoms aggregated in variousways. For the economist, society is a collection of decision-making indi-viduals who interact. So we need to know how people make decisions.Let us look at the simplest case of a lone individual, having an amountw ∈ R+ to spend on the purchase of K goods. If he buys the quantityxk of good k, he pays pkxk, where pk is the unit price of good k. Inclassical economic theory, his tastes are subsumed by a utility functionU : RK+ → R, which we will assume to be concave and smooth. The in-dividual then chooses the goods bundle x (p) which maximizes his utilityunder the budget constrain (throughout the paper, transposition is denotedby prime):maxxU (x) for p′x ≤ wSo the individual decision process is reduced to a concave optimiza-tion problem. It is a very simple model, and very tractable mathematically,but is it true? Certainly, there is little prima facie evidence for utility func-tions; we cannot just peer into ourselves and find it. So the problem oftesting the model is a difficult one, and we have to handle it in a round-about way. The basic idea is to look at the demand function p → x (p),which gives the choices of the consumer as prices change. Certainly, wayscan be devised to observe that. We get a map from RK into itself, andthe question is whether the theory predicts some properties which can betested against the observations.II. Testing with individual dataIntroduce the indirect utility function :V (p) = maxx{U (x) | p′x = w}By the classical theory of Lagrange multipliers, there is some λ (p) >0 such that:V (p) = maxx{U (x) + λ (p)(w − p′x)}where the maximum on the right-hand side is attained at x (p) . Applyingthe envelope theorem, we get:DpV (p) = −λ (p) x (p) (1)This is a remarkable relation, because it tells us that the vector fieldx (p) (which we know) is collinear to the gradient of an unknown functionV (p) . In addition, λ must be positive and V convex. This is a very strongcondition on x (p) , and the economists have long worked out some neces-sary and sufficient conditions (see for instance the treatise [4]). Introducethe so-called Slutsky matrix S (p) = (sij (p))i,j associated with x (p):sij (p) = ∂xj∂pi−∑kpk ∂xj∂pkxiThen x (p) can be decomposed in the form (1) if and only if its Slutskymatrix of x (p) is symmetric negative definite. In other words, the k partialderivatives of x (p) have to satisfy K (K − 1) /2 distinct conditions. Thisis a lot, and there are many conditions to be tested. They have been, andthe results make a nice story.Up to 1996, all econometric tests applied on collected data rejectedthe symmetry of the Slutsky matrix. That year, a paper by Browning andChiappori appeared, which did two things. First, they tested the symmetryhypothesis on data for singles. The point is that all collected data con-cerns household, not individual, consumption: when food is bought, it isfor the whole family. In previous tests, no provision was made to weed outdata concerning households with two or more individuals. Browning andChiappori [1] argued that the theory should not apply to that case: two indi-viduals have two utility functions, not one. For households, the individualchoice problem is compounded by a sharing problem. It turned out thatthey were right: on consumption data concerning singles, the symmetry ofthe Slutsky matrix was not rejected.III. Testing with household dataThen Browning and Chiappori built a theory for household data and testedit. We shall model two-persons households in a very simple way: two in-dividuals sharing the same budget constraint. Let U1(x1) and U2(x2) betheir utility functions. Individual consumptions x1 and x2 are not observ-able, but joint consumption x = (x1 + x2) is. The total earnings of thehousehold are w, and they share it in an unknown way, allotting w1 (p) tothe first and w2 = w−w1 (p) to the second. Then each one solves his/herown problem:maxx U1 (x) maxx U2 (x)px ≤ w1 (p) px ≤ w − w1 (p)Leading to the indirect utility functions:V1 (p) = max{U1 (x) | p′x = w1 (p)}V2 (p) = max{U2 (x) | p′x = w − w1 (p)}and to the equations:DpV1 (p) = −λ1 (p) (x1 (p)− Dpw1 (p))DpV2 (p) = −λ2 (p) (x2 (p) + Dpw1 (p))− 1λ1 (p)DpV1 (p)−1λ2 (p)DpV2 (p) = x1 (p) + x2 (p) = x (p) (2)IvarEkelandFall 2002 19Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesWe now raise the question: given a vector field x (p) , when can wefind convex functions V1 and V2, and positive functions λ1 and λ2 suchthat the decomposition (2) holds locally? A necessary condition was foundby Browning and Chiappori, and proved to be sufficient by Ekeland andNirenberg [3]: the Slutsky matrix S (p) of x (p) should split into the sumof a symmetric, negative definite matrix, and a matrix of rank 1 :S (p) = Σ (p) + a (p) b (p)′ , with Σ (p) = Σ (p)′ > 0 (3)So household demand, although it does not satisfy the Slutsky condi-tion, satisfies a weaker condition, which is (3) in the case when the house-hold consists of two persons. Lo and behold, this condition is not rejectedby econometric tests conducted on collected data. I find it a most remark-able fact that people solve complicated systems of nonlinear PDEs simplyby taking care of themselves.IV. Testing with market dataConsumption data concerning households or individuals is difficult tocome by. It would be much easier to test the theory on market data, that is,the aggregate consumption of many individuals, which is readily found inmany available sales statistics. Let us again consider a simple model, con-sisting of N individuals, each one with his own utility function Un, andhis own wealth wn, resulting in an individual demand function xn (p). Weobserve the wn and the aggregate demand X (p) = ∑ xn (p).As above, we have:xn (p) = −1λn (p)DpVn (p)wn = −1λn (p)p′DpVn (p)Substituting, we get a system of K nonlinear PDEs for the Vn:N∑n=1wnp′DpVn (p)DpVn (p) = X (p)and, as above, we seek convex solutions. Chiappori and Ekeland [2] haveshown that such a solution exists (locally) for any analytic right-hand side.From the economic point of view, this is a negative result: any analyticmap X from RK into itself can be a market demand function, so thereare no conditions to test. From the mathematical point of view, this raisesanother question, to which I would very much like to know the answer:what about smooth, but not analytic, right-hand sides? To give a specificexample, can one find functions u (x, y, z) and v (x, y, z) such thatuxuz+ vxvz= f (x, y, z)uyuz+ vyvz= g (x, y, z)where the right-hand sides f, g are C∞? The question is open.References[1] M. Browning and P.-A. Chiappori “Efficient Intra-Household Alloca-tions: a General Characterization and Empirical Tests”, Economet-rica, 66 (1998), 1241-1278.[2] P.A. Chiappori and I. Ekeland “Aggregation and Market Demand : anExterior Differential Calculus Viewpoint”, Econometrica 67 (1999),1435-58[3] I. Ekeland and L. Nirenberg, “A convex Darboux theorem”, to appear,Methods and Applications of Analysis[4] A. Mas-Colell, M. Whinston, J. Green, “Microeconomic theory”, Ox-ford University Press, 1995This article is based on a talk Dr. Ekeland gave as a PIMS Distinguished Lecturer. The lecture is entitled Systems ofNonlinear PDEs arising in economic theory and can be viewed at www.pims.math.ca/science/2002/dist_lect/ekeland/.Upcoming Cascade Topology SeminarPIMS-UBC, 2–3 November 2002Contributed by Dale Rolfsen, PIMS-UBCThe 29th meeting of the Cascade Topology Seminar (CTS) will be held at PIMS-UBC over the weekend of 2–3 November. The CTSis a regional seminar which takes place twice a year in western Canada or the northwest region of the US, on a rotating basis. It issupported by PIMS as well as by an NSF grant.There will be five lectures on Saturday and Sunday (ending noon Sunday) and a social event on Saturday evening. Students andpostdoctoral fellows are especially encouraged to attend, and may qualify for financial support.Among the confirmed speakers are:• Ian Hambleton (McMaster Universit)• Vaughan Jones (UC Berkeley)• Sergey Yuzvinsky (University of Oregon)with two others not available at press time. Details will be posted on the PIMS website as they are confirmed.Vol. 6, Issue 220Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesPhilippe Tondeur’s Remarkable Term at NSFComes to an EndIn June 2002 Philippe Tondeur retired from his position as Direc-tor of NSF’s Division of Mathematical Sciences.It is known to all what an articulate voice Philippe Tondeur hasbeen for the Mathematical Sciences within the U.S. Science andEngineering enterprise. Philippe’s tireless work for mathematicsduring his tenure as the Director of the Division of MathematicalSciences, has also had a substantial impact beyond the UnitedStates borders.From the Canadian perspective, Philippe’s leadership at theNSF will always be connected to the Banff International ResearchStation (BIRS). When this station was proposed Philippe had theforesight to realize that it would provide an incomparable resourcefor the Mathematical Sciences community in North America, and indeed the world.Through their support of BIRS, NSF Director Rita Colwell, NSERC President TomBrzustowski, and Philippe set a new precedent for joint U.S-Canada scientific collaborations.BIRS will be one of the enduring legacies of Philippe’s tenure at the NSF.The recent renaissance and awareness of the Mathematical Sciences in North America owesa great deal to Philippe’s work at the NSF.On May 15, 2002 a celebration in Philippe's honor was held in the Great Hall of the NationalAcademy of Sciences in Washington, D.C.continued from page 4If you are an organizer or participant of anupcoming BIRS programme, be sure to checkout the website for the links to the Banff Cen-tre and its extensive programme of artistic ac-tivities, its very considerable athletic facilities(swimming pool, climbing wall, etc.) and otherlinks to the National Parks, shuttle services,accommodations for extending your stay, maps,and so on. You will also find that your work-shop has its own webpage.The location of BIRS in the lively artisticcommunity of the Banff Centre raises the po-tential for workshops that combine the normalfare of the mathematical sciences with otherparts of cultural world that makes up our soci-ety. One such example is a BIRS workshop onCreative Scientific Writing that will be heldaround Labour Day 2003. Each year we wouldlike to run a couple of events of this type. Ifyou are interested in creating a proposal thatcrosses boundaries between the traditionalmathematical/scientific culture and the any ofthe arts (music, dance, theatre, visual arts, me-dia, etc.), BIRS is certainly receptive.BIRS opens its doors for business on March15, 2003. It was in October 2000 that NassifGhossoub first began to travel around, sound-ing out how much enthusiasm there was for aNorth American answer to Oberwolfach, to besituated in the Canadian Rockies. The responsewas immediate and emphatic; Do it! But to doit, and to have actually done it (in just 2 years),that is another matter. And to have done it bycreating an international partnership with oneof the top mathematics institutes in America,and with the cooperation of scientific fundingagencies in United States, Canada, and Albertaas well as MITACS – this is more than wecould have dreamed at the time.To celebrate the remarkable achievement ofcreating this new institution there will be a partyon February 28 at the Banff Centre. This willbe a gala affair the combining of the Boards ofTrustees of PIMS, MSRI, MITACS, the Aca-demic Sponsors of MSRI, the Scientific Advi-sory Board of BIRS, and of course suitablerepresentatives of NSERC, ASRA, and theNSF — all told some 150 people.BIRS website: http://pims.math.ca/birs/Open Letter to The Prime Minister ofCanada, The Honorable Jean ChretienThe Fields Medal is the highest recognition that the world mathematics community offers forresearch in mathematics, and in prestige it rivals the Nobel Prize (which is not given in mathemat-ics). Unfortunately, few are aware that J. C. Fields was a Canadian, that the Fields Medal was aCanadian idea, and that the Fields Foundation is located in Canada. This is in sharp contrast withthe Nobel Prize which is usually announced and presented by the King of Sweden.Recently, the Norwegian Prime Minister, Mr. Jens Stoltenberg, has taken the lead by grantingUS$22 million to fund the Abel prize: a new international prize in mathematics that is supposed toserve as the counterpart of the Nobel Prize for our discipline. This is in sharp contrast with thetoken monetary value of the Fields medal.In 2002, there may be an opportunity to change that:(1) to clearly identify Canada with the Fields Medal,(2) and to increase the monetary value of the Fields Medal.The International Congress of Mathematicians will meet in Beijing in August 2002. The Chi-nese President is expected to be present at the opening ceremony where the medals will bepresented. It is important that a very prominent Canadian—the Prime Minister, the Governor-General or the Minister of Industry—be present in Beijing to award the Fields Medals. It is also agood opportunity for the government of Canada to align the medal with the Nobel Prize byannouncing an appropriate level of funding.This is a unique opportunity to brand Canada as a leader at the highest level of internationalresearch, and to retain that branding through the continuing identification with the Fields Medal. Itis entirely consistent with the government’s goal of moving Canada up ten places in world R&D.It deserves to be seized and given much prominence at the highest level.Nassif Ghoussoub, Director, PIMSArvind Gupta, Director, MITACSRobert V. Moody, Scientific Director, BIRSFall 2002 21Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesMITACS Scientists Converge on UBC: Third AGM BringsTogether Bright and Young in the Mathematical SciencesContributed by Louise Clark, MITACSThe MITACS (Mathematics of InformationTechnology and Complex Systems) Third An-nual General Meeting, held at the Universityof British Columbia from May 23–25, 2002,brought together over 350 students, research-ers and industrial representatives from acrossCanada and the UnitedStates. The participantsenjoyed a range of activi-ties that included lecturesby illustrious scientists, aposter and demo exhibi-tion and competition, ad-ministrative meetings andsocial gatherings.The AGM Exhibitioncommenced on May 23,when students and post-docs began mountingover 70 posters anddemos. The display areaquickly became filledwith lively interaction,culminating in the after-noon poster judging ses-sion for the Best Poster Competition. Present-ers then had the chance to explain their resultsand field specific questions from the judges.After the judging session, Gilbert Strangfrom MIT, gave a stimulating talk entitled Fil-tering and Signal Processing. The AGM wel-coming reception took place on Thursdayevening at UBC’s Museum of Anthropol-ogy. Dr. Indira Samarasekera, VP Researchat UBC, delivered the opening address.On Friday morning, Ron Graham of theUniversity of California, San Diego, treatedparticipants to a lecture entitled Guessing Se-crets. The rest of the day wasfilled with lectures and in-formal discussion in the ex-hibition area. A highlight ofthe AGM was the confer-ence banquet, held Fridayevening at UBC’s Sage Bis-tro. In attendance wereArthur Carty, President ofthe National Research Coun-cil (NRC) and PhilippeTondeur, Director of the Di-vision of Mathematical Sci-ences at the National ScienceFoundation (NSF). BothCarty and Tondeur gave in-spiring talks that emphasizedthe importance of math-ematical research to societyat large.Following the talks, Dr. Gupta, MITACSInc. Scientific Director, announced the win-ners of the Best Poster Competition. In all,eight posters earned prizes, which consistedof plaques and cash awards. Three compa-nies generously sponsored the First Placeprizes: Object TechnologyInternational , Inc.;StemCell Technologies Inc.;and Alcatel.On Saturday morning,Anil Jain of Michigan StateUniversity presented a fasci-nating lecture entitled Finger-print Matching. Lectures andinformal interaction continueduntil noon.This year's AGM drew re-markable press coverage, withtelevision and radio stationsseeking out scientists and stu-MITACS AGM Demonstration Presenter.Anil Jain (Michigan State University)speaking about “FingerprintMatching” at the MITACS AGM.Ron Graham (University of California, SanDiego) giving a lecture entitled “GuessingSecrets” at the AGM.Gilbert Strang (MIT) talking about“Filtering and Signal Processing”.dents for interviews. News about the AGMappeared on CBC Newsworld, the DiscoveryChannel and the Multilingual Fairchild TV, toname but a few. Thanks to a generous donationby the Globe and Mail, the winners of the postercompetition appeared in the Saturday, June 1issue of the national newspaper.The lectures of Gilbert Strang, Ron Gra-ham and Anil Jain are available online atwww.mitacs.math.ca/agm2002/Vol. 6, Issue 222Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesOne of the recent MITACS research collaborations involves modelling theindustrial manufacturing of crystals. Led by Dr. Huaxiong Huang, the projectis entitled “Mathematical and Computational Modelling of Semi-ConductorManufacturing Processes”. The main goal of the project is to improve semi-conductor manufacturing through scientific modelling. Many of the groupparticipants, the author included, were first introduced to a portion of thisproblem by Bill Micklethwaite of Firebird Semiconductor at the 5th PIMSIndustrial Problem Solving Workshop held in June 2001 in Seattle.The group consists of a handpicked international collection of researcherswith a variety of backgrounds and expertise. This last May the group met forthe inaugural PIMS-MITACS crystal growth workshop that took place atUBC. Shown standing from left to right are San Arjoriandi (UBC), WenxiangZhu (Penn State), Colin Carrew (Firebird), Ian Frigaard (UBC), Bill Micklethwaite (Firebird), Huaxiong Huang (York University), Dong Liang(York University), Shuqing Liang (York University). Sitting from left to right are C. Sean Bohun (Penn State), Tim Myers (University of CapeTown) and Matt Bolton (UBC). Missing are Carl Ollivier-Gooch (UBC), Brian Seymour (UBC) and John Stockie (University of New Brunswick).PIMS-MITACS Crystal Growth WorkshopPIMS-UBC, May 26, 2002Contributed by C. Sean Bohun, Penn StatePIMS held its 5th Annual Graduate Indus-trial Math Modelling Camp (GIMMC) atSimon Fraser University May 18–23. At thecamp 60 graduate students from all overCanada, the US and even some from as far asEurope cut their teeth on some problems inIndustrial Mathematics presented by prestigiousacademic mentors.As usual the week begins when the mentorspresent a mathematical problem inspired froman industrial application. The students thenbreak into teams and spend 5 intensive daystrying to solve the problem. The mentor, whohas a good idea of how to solve the problem,acts as a gentle guide helping the students reachtheir goal. The objective is to prepare the stu-dents for the types of challenges they may facewhen they move out into the workforce. Also,many students are exposed to truely appliedmathematics for the first time. Finally, it is away of preparing for the PIMS IndustrialProblem Solving Workshop held the follow-ing week.Brett Stevens of Carleton University pre-sented a problem in software testing. The ideawas to apply combinatorics and statistical de-sign to devise the best possible set of tests fora piece of abstract software. The studentsworked very hard devising combinatorial cov-erings of the space of possible input param-eters.Tim Myers of the University of Cape Townpresented a problem on heating an airplane wingin order to evaporate water before it freezes.His students made great progress in modellingand solving this challenging thin film problem.Chris Budd of the University of Bath pre-sented a problem where you use a prod to testfor the freshness of fish. His students werechallenged into building a mathematical modelthe fish prods response and attempting to inferwhat information on the freshness of the fishcould be retrieved from the data. FortunatelyProf. Budd came with some pre-made fish dataso that no fish had to be prodded during theinvestigation.Yongji Tan came all the way from FudanUniversity in Shanghai China to present a prob-lem applicable to the oil and gas industry. Thestudents were asked to investigate the resultsof a well log tool that measures the resistivityin the surrounding structure. The studentslearned a great deal about finite element meth-ods.Alexander Melnikov came from the Uni-versity of Alberta with some problems in fi-nancial mathematics. His problem attracted thelargest number of students who were interestedin learning about hedging and option in bothcomplete and incomplete market settings.Petra Berenbrink was a local mentor fromSFU. She brought her students right to the veryedge of research in the complex area of routingin ad-hoc networks. The students came up withmany new approaches and some counter-ex-amples to this very difficult problem.Brian Wetton from UBC challenged thestudents with a very complex problem in mod-elling a protein membrane of a fuel cell. Hisstudents did an excellent job of solving somevery difficult mathematics.This year the students had a unique oppor-tunity to present the results of the week’s workin the form of a poster at the MITACS-AGM.5th PIMS Graduate Industrial Math Modelling CampSimon Fraser University, May 18–23, 2002Contributed by Marc Paulhus, University of CalgaryFall 2002 23Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences6th PIMS Industrial Problem Solving WorkshopUniversity of British Columbia, May 27–31, 2002Contributed by Marc Paulhus, University of Calgary and Ian Frigaard, University of British ColumbiaPIMS held the 6th Industrial Problem Solv-ing Workshop (IPSW) at the University ofBritish Columbia in Vancouver on May 27—31. About 100 people registered for the event,including the 60 graduate students who hadtaken part in the graduate modeling camp theweek before. Faculty from as far away as SouthAfrica, Finland and China were also involved.Participants split up into six groups to attackthe industrial problems brought to the work-shop, spanning a broad range of applicationsand mathematical techniques. Most of the in-dustrial participants were able to stay all weekthis year, and were actively involved in work-ing with the groups. A brief description of theproblems and some of the progress made isgiven below. More complete problem descrip-t ions may be found on the website,www.pims.math.ca/industrial/2002/ipsw/problems.html, and proceedings papers arenow being written by each group.Edmond Lou represented Capital Healthof Edmonton and brought a problem involvingautomating the process of analysis data from a3D laser scanner that is used to diagnose pa-tients with scoliosis. The current process, al-though good, relies on many manual user stepsto complete the analysis. The team was able toshow how some standard (and some not sostandard) image processing techniques couldbe used to fully automate the data analysis pro-cess. Further, Capital Health was interested inknowing if it was necessary to use the physicalmarker points that they currently place on thepatient’s back before the scanning process. Theteam was convinced, after looking at a largeamount of sample data, that the informationgiven by the marker points could not be re-trieved mathematically from the data, and henceare necessary.Kai Meunzer from Shell Canada came tothe workshop with an inverse problem: Givenseismic and magnetotelluric data, can we de-termine geological properties of the Canadianfoothill? After some discussion on the back-ground materials of both seismic andmagnetotelluric methodologies, the team real-ized that the best approach was to construct asimple one-dimensional 3-layer model to test ahybrid seismic-magnetotelluric approach byminimizing the weighted least square errors ofboth seismic and magnetotelluric data. Eventhough the team worked on this project wasthe smallest, each participant brought consid-erable expertise from various areas. With thehelp of Doug Oldenburg, (an expert in geo-physical inverse problems), Yongji Tan, (anexpert in inverse problems), and with the helpof two graduate students, it was found that thehybrid method works better than either seis-mic or magnetotelluric approaches. This wasonly true if appropriate weight functions werechosen. Kai Meunzer was very satisfied withthe progress made during the workshop andsome follow-up work after the workshop hasprovided further insight into the problem.Edward Keyes of Semiconductor Insightswas interested in an algorithm to automaticallystitch a large number of images of an integratedcircuit together in order to reconstruct the im-age of the entire circuit itself. This problemattracted a large number of participants whoquickly broke into teams to test the many dif-ferent approaches that were suggested. Themost straightforward approach, based on least-squares was implemented and tested during theweek and was found to be a significant im-provement over the current method. Other ap-proaches, based on graph theory, simulatedannealing and linear programming also showeda great deal of promise. It is clear that once thesmoke clears the company will have an algo-rithm that is a significant improvement overthe current techniques.Appearing in his second IPSW, BruceMcGee of MacMillan-McGee presented thefollowing scenario. One method of recoveringsoil contaminants is to electrically heat the soilwith various electrodes inserted into wells inthe ground. By injecting water into certain elec-trode locations and pumping fluids out of theremaining locations, the contaminants areslowly removed. If the contaminants are actu-ally removed, as is intended, this processshould change the resistivity of the soil as itprogresses. For this reason, departures fromthe characteristic evolution of resistivity are ofparticular interest. The workshop participantswere given the inverse problem of find the ac-tual resistivity, given the response curve of thecurrent, (or indeed any other measurable data).Failing this, was it possible to localize wherein the domain any changes in resistivity oc-curred? Because of the size of the group (7faculty and 9 graduate students), various as-pects of the problem were investigated. Tounderstand the forward problem a sequence ofone and two-dimensional models were con-structed to determine (i) the time evolution ofthe temperature field when cold water is in-jected and (ii) the sensitivity of the model tosmall localized changes in the resistivity. Thesepreliminary investigations illustrated that an in-ternal transition layer is generated during thepropagation of the shock of injecting cold wa-ter, which persists in the steady state. Further-more, the measured voltage between the elec-trodes is much more sensitive than the outflowfluid temperature to localized resistivitychanges. Using these forward models as justi-fication, the temperature field was neglectedfor the inverse problem and an attempt wasmade to implement the generalized sensitivitytheorem in a square domain with a localizedresistance anomaly at its centre. By combiningthe computed voltage field in the domain with-out the anomaly with a series of voltage mea-surements obtained with the anomaly in place,a picture of where the anomaly was locatedwas built up. Work continues on the problemspecifically in extending the analysis of the in-verse problem to a simple layered medium. In-vestigations to increase the resolution of theinverse problem using an analytic Green’s func-tion and finite difference rather than finite ele-ment methods are ongoing. Bruce McGee wasquite pleased with the progress made on theproblem and anticipates a predictive model thatcan be used onsite. In Bruce’s words, “It’s allgood!”Ritchie He of the RBC Financial GroupVol. 6, Issue 224Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesPIMS-MITACS-COE Undergraduate Industrial Case Study WorkshopUniversity of British Columbia, May 25–27, 2002teams presenting their findings to industry ex-ecutives and academics on May 27. Cash prizeswere awarded to the team that produced thebest case study and presentation.Universities represented in the workshopwere UBC, SFU, U of A, U of C, McGill andMount Allison. Workshop judges Glen Darou(COE Director, Industry), Carol Leacy (VicePresident, Systems and Process Integration,Mark Anthony), Bernard Lamond (Profes-sor and Director, Department of Operationsand Systems, Université Laval) and MauriceQueyranne, (COE Director, Academic) werepresented with outstanding presentations fromthe workshop teams. All participants wereawarded with certificates and COE sweatshirtsfor their excellent work over the weekend.Team four, composed of Derrick Chung(McGill), Amir Motamedi (McGill), IgorNaverniouk (UBC), and Philip Seo (UBC),was honored with the prize for “Best OverallCase Analysis and Presentation”.Please see the web page www.coe.ubc.ca/pimsworkshop for more information.The Centre for Operations Excellence (COE)hosted this successful workshop at UBC fromMay 25–27, 2002. Sixteen undergraduate stu-dents in commerce, engineering, business,physics, mathematics, statistics, and computerscience were invited from across Canada tomeet industry executives and renowned aca-demics, and to explore graduate study oppor-tunities, and to work in teams to solve chal-lenging business problems.The focus of the workshop was a real-world case study competition, culminating withpresented a challenge to compute the closedform solutions to some very complex “pseudo”statistics. The team for this problem consistedalmost entirely of graduate students, most ofwhom were new to financial mathematics.Nevertheless, the result was achieved and welook forward to seeing the full solution pre-sented in the report.In the areas of petroleum exploration andreservoir engineering, geoscientists use con-cepts from seismology to image the subsur-face and determine essential rock-physics prop-erties. Experimental conditions are typically inthe form of a seismic survey whereby mea-surements are made of a seismic wave travel-ing between source and receiver. Talisman En-ergy presented an inverse seismic ray problemthat sought to incorporate recent technologicaladvances in the determination of elastic moduli.In particular, with the development of three-component geophones it is now possible tomeasure particle displacement associated witha seismic wavefront at depth. Such an experi-ment, whereby sources are located at the sur-face and geophones are place within the earth,is called a VSP, (vertical seismic profile). Itwas hoped that pairing particle displacement(i.e. , polarization angle) with recordedtraveltime would lead to an in situ inversionfor elastic modulii requiring only a singlesource/receiver pair. Using concepts of asymp-totic ray theory and continuum mechanics theteam was able to formulate a system of eightnon-linear equations that could be solved forthe elastic modulii that were sought. Unfortu-nately, with the introduction of experimentalerrors, the system proved highly unstable andhad to be abandoned. However, with the intro-duction of some further, yet not overly restric-tive, assumptions, the team went on to formu-late a new system of four non-linear equations.Initial follow up work suggests the new for-mulation is reasonably stable under experimen-tal conditions.Apart from the mathematics, an enjoyablesocial time was had by all. Mathematical mod-eling of industrial problems is an interactivesocial activity and many problems were dis-cussed well into the evening at Koerners pub.Proceeding from IPSW will soon be avail-able at www.pims.math.ca/publications/pro-ceedingsThe annual prize for the best “PIMS-slip”went to Fabien Youbissi for the followinggem: Receptionist at Gage: “Your name please?” Fabien: “Youbissi” Receptionist at Gage: “No, your name, not your university”Witnesses report that a few more repetitionsoccurred, before the light came on ... It isnot known if Fabien shared the traditionalprize with the receptionist.The PIMS Industrial Problem Solving Workshop participants beside the PIMS facility at UBC.Fall 2002 25Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences2002 Fluid Dynamics Summer School participants.A knowledge of the dynamics of fluids is thestarting point to understanding such diversefields of study as aerodynamics, weather fore-casting, ventilation, lubrication and turbulence.Fluid flows can be described by mathematicalequations but these cannot be solved except inspecial circumstances. Instead scientists solvethe equations numerically or use the results oflaboratory experiments to guide their intuitionin finding solutions.In its dedication to the training of highlyqualified personnel, each year the Pacific In-stitute for the Mathematical Sciences (PIMS)sponsors a fluid dynamics summer school atthe University of Alberta. The two week longevent is attended by graduate students andsenior undergraduates from around the world.Each morning the participants attend lectureson a broad range of topics including wavesand turbulence, convection, physical ocean-ography and climate modelling. The afternoonsare spent gaining hands-on experience runningnumerical simulations and performing labora-tory experiments which are designed tocomplement the lectures and which are adaptedfrom the lecturers’ current research. At theend of the school the students give presenta-tions based on the results of their work.There are two other annual fluid dynamicssummer schools in the world, one at the Uni-The Fourth Annual PIMS Fluid Dynamics Summer SchoolUniversity of Alberta, July 28–August 9, 2002Contributed by Bruce Sutherland, University of Albertaversity of Cambridge, England and the other atWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA,USA. The PIMS Fluid Dynamics SummerSchool is unique in its emphasis on computa-tional fluid dynamics and computer-aided labo-ratory measurements. Indeed, with its moderncomputational resources and its concentrationof expertise in experimental and numerical fluiddynamics, the University of Alberta is one ofthe few institutions in the world capable of run-ning a school which simultaneously exposesparticipants to theory, numerical and experi-mental methods.This year the Fourth Annual PIMS FluidDynamics Summer Schoolran from July 28 to August9. The summer school wasfully attended by eighteenparticipants from Canada,England, Germany and theUnited States. Core lectureswere given by John Bow-man (Turbulence Model-ling), Andrew Bush (Cli-mate Modelling), PeterMinev (Computational FluidDynamics), Bryant Moodie(Wave Theory), BruceSutherland (Stratif iedFlows) and Paul Myers(Physical Oceanography).We had four invited lecturers: John Allen(University of Oregon) spoke on “CoastalOceanography”. John Bush (MIT) spokeon “Geophysical Plumes” . Jean-LucGuermond (LIMSI, University of Paris,Orsay) spoke on “Large Eddy Simulations”;and Peter Rhines (University of Washington)spoke on “Overturning Circulations in theOceans and Atmospheres” and “MontainousFlows in Rotating Fluids: Vorticity Dynamics,Form Drag and Induced Circulation”.More information about this summer schoolcan be found at http://fdss.math.ualberta.ca.The University of Calgary PIMS site has re-cently completed the first term of two verypopular lecture series. These series were mo-tivated by the desire to increase the profile ofmathematical research at theUniversity of Calgary. TheSpotlight Series was con-ducted on campus and con-sisted of four lectures givenby invited University ofLunchbox & Showcase Lecture Series, University of CalgaryContributed by Gary Margrave, University of CalgaryCalgary scientists for whom mathematics playsa strong role in their research. We deliberatelyselected speakers from a broad range of scien-tific disciplines and advertised the talks widelyaround the campus. We were very pleased withthe quality of the presentation and with the sizeof the audiences, which ranged from 25 to 60people.The Lunchbox Lecture Series was held inthe downtown core with the intention of at-tracting an audience from the large body ofscientists and engineers who work there. ShellCanada generously agreed to sponsor the lec-tures and provided both an excellent meetingfacility and a light lunch that was free to allattendees. The attendance at these lectures waseven greater than at the Spotlight Series on cam-pus, with the typical crowd being about 80 butthat ranged to as high as 120. While there weremany downtown professionals in attendance,Vol. 6, Issue 226Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesUpcoming PIMS-ASRA Industrial Workshop: Mathematical Predictionof Sound Transmission through Composite Lightweight WallsATCO Noise Management, Calgary, November 7, 2002This workshop shall include discussion of:• the factors affecting sound transmission loss, mathematical formulations for the prediction of transmission coefficient• predicting sound transmission loss of panels using the Mass Law or the unit per mass area• the coincidence effect and resonance phenomenon• estmiated transmission loss of untested composite lightweight walls• data collection• factors affecting sound transmission loss.The organisers of this workshop are Daryl Caswell (University of Calgary), Liming Dai (University of Regina), Dave Nichols and Salem Hertil(ATCO Noise Management).Participants at Richard Churchill’s talk.we also attracted people from the Calgary Boardof Education, the University, and elsewhere.We conducted a survey of the audience to askwhat topics would be of interest in future lec-tures and were surprised to find that theywanted to hear about quite theoretical subjectsas well as applied ones.We plan to renew bothlecture series in the fall and run them throughspring of 2003. At that point we will take stockof the situation and plan anew.Here is a list of the Spotlight Lectures:Jim Nicholls (Geology), Mathematical mod-eling of processes beneath the volcanoDavid Hobill (Physics), The non-linear dy-namics of gravitatingsystems in general rela-tivityMarcello Epstein (Mechanical Engineering),The Uses of Differential Geometry in the Me-chanics of Deformable MediaChristian Jacob (Computer Science), Designby Evolution—The Artand Science of GeneticComputer ProgrammingAnd here is a list of the Lunchbox Lectures:Michael Lamoureux (Mathematics), Waveletsin IndustryRita Aggarwala (Statistics), Designing betterindustrial experimentsAntonin Settari (Chemical and PetroleumEngineering), Mathematics of coupled reser-voir and geomechanical modelingIan Frigaard (Mathematics and MechanicalEngineering, UBC), Advances in understand-ing well-construction fluid mechanics: cement-ing flows andturbulenceRichard Churchill (Mathematics, HunterCollege CUNY), Fermat’s Last TheoremUpcoming lectures in the Lunchbox Series:Len Bos (Mathematics and Statistics), Chris-tian Jacob (Computer Science), Tony Ware(University of Calgary) and Edward S.Krebes (Geology and Geophysics).Upcoming PIMS-IAM Joint Distinguished Colloquium SeriesUniversity of British ColumbiaPIMS and the Institute for Applied Mathematics at UBC jointly sponsor six distinguished colloquia each year. The speakers for the year 2002–2003 are: • Gordon E. Swaters (Institute of Applied Mathematics, University of Alberta), Dynamics of Abyssal Ocean Currents, October 7, 2002 • David Chandler (Chemistry, University of California), Transition pathways in complex systems: throwing ropes over rough mountainpasses, in the dark, October 28, 2002 • Ulf Dieckmann (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg), Title TBA, December 2, 2002 • Parviz Moin (Center for Turbulence Research, Stanford University and NASA Ames Research Center), Title TBA, January 13, 2003 • Leon Glass (Department of Physiology, McGill University), Dynamics of Genetic Networks, January 27, 2003 • Lloyd N. Trefethen (Oxford University Computing Laboratory), Fast accurate solution of stiff PDE, March 17, 2003Videos of last year’s series may be watched by going to www.pims.math.ca/industrial/2001/iampims_lect/Fall 2002 27Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesEverybody knows what a science fair is. Stu-dents find projects to work on, they prepareposters and demonstrations, the public is in-vited to come and see what they have done,and a panel of judges awards prizes for projectsthat are deemed to be the best.A math fair is similar, but two importantdifferences set our concept apart. Althoughmathematics is extremely diverse, our math fairsconcentrate on just one aspect of the subject,namely problem solving, and our fairs are offi-cially non-competitive, so there are no awardsor prizes. We have chosen to focus on prob-lem solving for several reasons. It is one activ-ity that is common to most of mathematics, it isfrequently an explicit part of the mathematicscurriculum and it encourages skills in studentsthat can be applied in all areas of their lives.The problems in this booklet are ones thatyoung students can solve and truly understandwith a reasonable amount of work. They willnot need a broad educational background, butthe problems are not simple and most will haveto think before solving them. The same is trueabout the people who visit the math fair eventhough they may be adults or students fromhigher grades. When the participants presenttheir problems, they will discover that the visi-tors need help to work through the solutions,and the presenters will gain the satisfactionand confidence that comes from helping moretalented or older persons.The interaction between the participants andthe viewers at a problem-based math fair canhave a profound effect on the poise, confidence,communication skills and patience of the par-ticipants. The reason for our second differ-ence, that the math fair be officially non-com-petitive, is so that all students are encouragedto participate and benefit. If some students feelthey have little chance of winning they maydecline to join in or not put in a full effort.Even if a math fair is officially non-competi-tive, informal competition does occur. The par-ticipants quickly recognize who among themare good problem solvers, who can explainthings well, whose presentations have the bestartwork, and which displays attract the mostvisitors. But this sort of competition is friendlyand constructive, and frequently leads to co-operative efforts among the participants. Thefocus on problem solving and the lack of for-mal awards are the key parts to our concept of amath fair for children, but otherwise there aremany opportunities to creatively adapt the con-cept to a particular situation. We hope you willfind this booklet useful in organizing your ownmath fair and are looking forward to hearingfrom you about your experiences.PIMS/University of Alberta Math Fair, March 21, 2002Contributed by Ted Lewis, University of AlbertaHow often do you find grade school studentshappy to spend two and a half hours doingmathematics? This is what happened for about450 students from elementary and junior-highschools in the Edmonton area on Thursday,March 21, at the PIMS/U of A Math Fair.There were actually two parts to the activities—the fair itself which was presented by the stu-dents of the Math 160 class, and a problemsolving session conducted by Andy Liu.The math fair was non-competitive, and pre-sented mathematical puzzles for the visitors totry. The puzzles were very diverse, from river-crossing problems to the towers of Hanoi.Here’s one that was very popular (and it’s so-lution is not immediate even for us): Put 8hockey pucks in a straight line. The problem isto make four piles with two in each pile byjumping some of the pucks over the others.Each jumping puck must pass over exactly twopucks and land on a single puck. It doesn’tmatter whether the two pucks you are jumpingover are an existing pile of two or are sitting bythemselves. Spaces don’t count.After the students solved that puzzle theywere asked to see if they can start with 10 pucksand end with 5piles of two,or 12 pucksand end with 6 piles of two and so on. At leastone child figured out the recursion and showedhow to do it for up to 16 pucks.Among other things, Andy’s session in-volved “scientific origami”. Unlike the mathfair, where the students moved from booth tobooth, Andy’s was a sit-down session. Theproblems were very challenging, and the suc-cess rate among the students was very high.The math fair is part of the curriculum forOn the way to the Math Fair.PIMS published the math fair booklet by Ted Lewis in the Spring. This is a major new resource for teachers and others interested in math fairsfor schools. It is based on the experience of the author and his colleagues over the past few years. It is a rich source of guidelines to organizingmath fairs, and to finding suitable problems puzzles and challenges.The booklet will shortly be available for free download in pdf format suitable for laser printing. Hard copies may be purchased from PIMSUniversity of Alberta for a nominal fee (US$10.00 for shipping and handling in North America, US$15.00 elsewhere).The New PIMS Math Fair Booklet by Ted LewisFrom the Introduction: the math fair booklet by Ted Lewis, PIMS 2002.Vol. 6, Issue 228Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesMath 160 and has significantly revitalized thecourse. This is the first time that the math fairtook place on campus instead of at individualschools. Moving the fair here was promptedby both the popularity of the fairs and associ-ated logistical problems of taking a Math 160class to a school away from the campus. Hold-ing it here solved some problems but raisedseveral others. Renee Polziehn from the uni-versity outreach center provided many usefulsuggestions.Shirley Mitchell and Lisa Haraba fromPIMS were invaluable in helping with the or-ganization of the fair. For the past few years,PIMS has sponsored the math fairs, and theresult is strong cooperative effort between ourMath Fair at Greater Vancouver Regional Science FairUniversity of British Columbia, April 4–6, 2002Contributed by Janet Martin, PIMS Education OfficerThe Math Fair project took place this year amidst the teachers’ job action. Yet despite thisobstacle, ten projects were entered in the Computational and Mathematical Sciences cat-egory at the 2002 Greater Vancouver Regional Science Fair (GVRSF) and of these, twowere selected to attend the Canada-Wide Science Fair held in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan inMay 2002. These students were Gabrielle Arden of Burnaby South Secondary School andRochelle Leung of York House School (pictured).PIMS gave the following awards.First: Rochelle Leung (York House): Decrypting the math behind cryptography and itsciphersSecond: Gabrielle Arden (BurnabySouth Secondary): Forecasting weatherwith neural networks, Frank Sun andWinnie Ho (Windermere Secondary):Matrices and cryptology, Harvey Zhang(Burnaby North Secondary): Inscribedtriangles in circles and ellipsesThird: Pearly Trinh and Elaine Lee(Windermere Secondary): RSA algorithmcryptology, Galina Meleger and KathrynCheng (York House): The golden num-berThe first prize winner received $200, the second prize winners $100 each and the thirdprize winners $50 each.Considering there were only tenprojects entered in the Computational andMathematical Sciences category, it is note-worthy that the GVRSF judges selectedtwo of these projects as part of the top tenprojects at the entire science fair.PIMS contributed $2500 travel moneyto send two winners to Saskatoon.At the Canada-Wide Science Fair,Gabrielle Arden won a Gold Medal and a$2000 scholarship to the University ofWestern Ontario in the Intermediate Com-putational and Mathematical Sciences cat-egory, and Rochelle Leung won a Bonze Medal and a $1000 scholarship to the Universityof Western Ontario in the same category. Congratulations to both students on their out-standing projects!department, PIMS, and the schools in Albertain promoting mathematics. Feedback fromschool teachers show that the math fairs widenthe children’s interest and perception aboutmathematics. The idea is spreading and mathfairs modelled after the Math 160 fair are in theworks for Going to the Math Fair, March 212002 Calgary, Vancouver and Ft. McMurray.Gabrielle Arden with her project, ForecastingWeather with Neural Networks.Rochelle Leung with her project, Decrypting theMath behind Cryptography and its Ciphers.That’s a Good Problem!Math Fairs in CalgaryContributed by Indy Lagu, Univ. of CalgaryThat’s a Good Problem is a collaborative projectof PIMS, the Galileo Educational Network(GENA), and Mount Royal College in Calgary.It is based on the highly successful math fairsorganised by Ted Lewis (PIMS Education Co-ordinator, University of Alberta). Teams ofteachers from several Calgary-area schools wereinvited to a half-day workshop. The focus ofthe workshop was on teaching mathematicsthrough explorations and investigations byworking through a number of mathematical ex-plorations, suggestions for introducing explo-rations to other teachers, organising and pro-moting a school math fair.The teachers returned to their schools armedwith Ted Lewis’ excellent booklet on how torun a math fair. Sharon Friesen of GENA andIndy Lagu (PIMS Education Coordiantor,Calgary) made visits to the schools to workwith the teachers and students before the mathfairs.After the math fairs, the teachers were in-vited for another half-day workshop to talkabout problem solving, what worked and whatdid not with their fairs, and future steps. Manyof the teachers admitted that they were worriedabout how successful their math fair would be,but none were disappointed, and all thought ofthe math fair as an unqualified success. Themany parents who attended the math fairs werealso quite impressed. In all, seven schools par-ticipated, and all expressed an interest in re-peating a math fair. More information aboutthe math fairs (including lots of photographs)can be found at www.galileo.org/math/sumtalk/index.html.Dr. Friesen and Dr. Lagu are planning toinvolve 10 or 12 new schools in the projectnext year.Fall 2002 29Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesCalgary Youth Science FairApril 10—13, 2002At this year’s Calgary Youth Science Fair thePIMS award went to Katanya Kuntz, a grade11 homeschooler from Alberta Distance Learn-ing. Her project was called Quantum Physicsand Spectroscopy. The objective of the projectwas to learn more about Quantum Physics andto test mathematical models of the atom (theBohr theory and the Quantum theory) for theiraccuracy in predicting and explaining the atomicuniverse. Her Unified Hypothesis was “Spec-troscopic signatures, other atomic characteris-tics, and atomic phenomena can be accuratelypredicted and explained by a mathematicalmodel of the atom.” She concluded that theQuantum theory is the best known model (sofar) that is extremely accurate in predicting andexplaining the atomic universe.Katanya Kunts and Gary Margrave infront of her project.PIMS ELMACON 2002Contributed by Heather Jenkins, PIMSThe fourth annual PIMS Elementary GradesMath Contest took place on May 25 at UBC.This contest is organized by PIMS underthe guidance of Dr. Cary Chien of David Th-ompson Secondary School in collaborationwith the BCAMT and volunteers from LowerMainland schools of all levels. It is open tostudents in Grades 5 to 7 giving them a chanceto experience mathematics as an exciting sport.A total of 229 students competed in the con-test with 67, 80 and 82 in grades 5, 6 and 7respectively. The format was the same as inprevious years. There were 3 rounds, and thewritten part came first with the Sprint and Tar-get rounds. The top 10 from these rounds wenton to the Countdown round where the students“duelled” starting with the 9th and 10th. Thewinner of that contest then went on to “duel”with the 8th place holder. So the person whoranked 10th had the potential of winning thecontest by beating the 9 people ahead of him/her one by one. The duelling consisted of an-swering math questions against the clock andsounding a buzzer.The top 10 in each grade received a t-shirtand medal. The top 3 also received a trophyand an electronic calculator donated by Sharp.Certificates of participation were available forall students on the day.Top 10 winners in each grade are as follows:Grade 5: 1. Juno Jung (Nelson) 2. AramEbtekar (Glen) 3. Jeffrey Choi (John TErrington) 4. Karen Bennie Ho (Oppenheimer)5. Nikita Zouev (Lynn Valley) 6. Jeffrey Yeh(Vancouver Montesorri) 7. Sophie Ji-SooKwalk (Canyon Heights) 8. Veronika Dikoun(Maywood Cummunity) 9. Phil Chang (SimonFraser) 10. Yanga Zhu (Eric Langton)Grade 6 winners (l-r) Daniel Park, Jimmy He,Alarica Tang.Grade 6: 1. Alarica Tang (Kitchener) 2. JimmyHe (Pinewood) 3. Daniel Park (KwayhquitlumMiddle) 4. Bryan Huang (Osler) 5. Yuan Liang(Pitt River Middle) 6. Silviu Toderita 7.Sherwin Kwan (Seaforth) 8. Jonathan Zhang(Oppenheimer) 9. Hank Duan (Mapple CreekMiddle) 10. Simon T H Tseng (ChantrellCreek)Grade 7: 1. James Chen (John T Errington) 2.Arthur da Silva (St. Paul’s) 3. AnthonyChuang (Maple Lane) 4. Sebastian Crema(Boundary Community) 5. Jerome Li(Kwayhqitlum Middle) 6. Steven Karp(Kitchener) 7. Jeffrey Hsiung (Emily Carr) 8.Kevin Xiao (Confederation Park) 9. MulinYang (University Hill) 10. Javin Chen(Thunderbird)While the markers where ranking the kidsin preparation for the countdown round CaryChien gave a talk on strategies and commonmistakes. A video tape of his talk and otherparts of the contest will soon be available atwww.pims.math.ca/elmacon/.Left photo: Grade 5 winners (l-r) Jeffrey Choi, Aram Ebtekar,Juno Jung. Right photo: Grade 7 winners (l-r) AnthonyChuang, Arthur da Silva, James Chen.AB High School Math Competition, 2001–2002Contributed by Ted Lewis, UA PIMS Eduation CoordinatorThis was the 46th year of the Alberta High School Mathematics Competition.In this two part competition, part I, with 1093 participants, occurred on No-vember 20, 2001, and part II, with the top 69 competitors from part I, took placeon February 6, 2002. The major prize winners attended the PIMS awardsdinner, which was held in Calgary. The awards dinner will be held in Edmontonnext year. The dates for 2002–2003 are: Part I: Tuesday, November 19, 2002.Part II: Wednesday February 5, 2003. For more details and a complete list oflast year’s winners see our website at www.math.ualberta.ca/~ahsmc.Vol. 6, Issue 230Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences2002 Esso-CMS-PIMSSummer Math CampSFU, July 2–5, 2002Contributed by Malgorzata Dubiel, SFUPIMS Education CoordinatorThe second Esso-CMS-PIMS Summer MathCamp for High School students took placeJuly 2–5, 2002, at the SFU PIMS Site in theEast Academic Annex.Twenty-five students from schools acrossthe Lower Mainland were selected to partici-pate in the camp, out of almost 50 nomina-tions send by their teachers. For four days,they participated in exciting and challengingactivities organized by the SFU faculty andgraduate students. Two guest speakers wereinvited as well: Lily Yen from Capilano Col-lege and Branko Curgus from Western Wash-ington University.For more information about the camp, andthe pictures, see www.cecm.sfu.ca/~lisonek/mathcamp.html.The participants of the Esso-CMS-PIMS SummerMath Camp for High School students outsideEast Academic Annex SFU.More Fun for Kids at MathMania NightsContributed by David Leeming, UVic PIMSEducation CoordinatorThe very successful Math Mania program con-tinues to thrive in Victoria with the third eventof the 2001–02 school year being held atLampson St. Elementary School in Esquimalton May 28, 2002. Math Mania presents a va-riety of interactive demonstrations, puzzles,games and art such as “goats and gold”, thepenny game, the “game of 24”, kaliedoscopesand hexaflexagons, and a variety of mathemati-cal puzzles and paradoxes. These activities aredesigned to demonstrate to children and theirparents fun ways of learning both math andcomputer science concepts.Math Mania is sponsored by PIMS and thepresenters are enthusiastic volunteers from thefaculty, staff and students (and some familymembers) of the Department of Mathematicsand Statistics at the University of Victoria.A video report about Math Mania will soonbe available on the PIMS webpage.Changing the Culture 2002Contributed by Malgorzata Dubiel, SFUPIMS Education CoordinatorThe 5th Annual Changing the Culture con-ference took place April 26, 2002 at the SFUHarbour Centre campus. The conference wasattended by 78 participants: Teachers from alllevels, from elementary through university;student teachers and graduate students in math-ematics and math education.The theme of this year’s conference wasRigour and Intuition in Mathematics. Twoplenary speakers: Ed Barbeau, a mathemati-cian from the University of Toronto, and BrentDavis, a Canada Research Chair in Educationat the University of Alberta in Edmonton, pre-sented their views on understanding mathemat-ics and the respective roles of intuition andlogic in the process of achieving it.A lively panel discussion, chaired by KlausHoechsman (PIMS), addressed the topic inthe afternoon. Lin Hammill (Kwantlen Uni-versity College), Christine Stewart (SFU),Günter Törner (German Mathematical Soci-ety, DMV) and Kirsten Urdahl-Serr(School District 42, Maple Ridge), pre-sented their views on the subject.The participants were offered a choiceof 3 workshops to enrich their experiences:Sue Haberger of Centennial SecondarySchool led a workshop The Moment ofProof, which described methods and tricksshe has developed and successfully usedover the years to make students appreciatethe need for rigour.Natasa Sirotic of Collingwood Schoolgave a workshop on ‘Proofs’ of Fallacies,or how to spot problems in seemingly flaw-less reasoning.David Lidstone of Langara College invitedparticipants of his Intuition in Problem Solv-ing workshop to test their mathematical intu-ition in a series of challenging problems.Fifth Annual FAME isBigger than Ever!Contributed by David Leeming, UVic PIMSEducation CoordinatorStudents in Greater Victoria (School District#61) took part in FAME, the Forever AnnualMath Exhibition at S.J. Willis EducationalCenter on April 10, 2002. A total of 120 stu-dents participated in the events, with 20 el-ementary entries, 13 junior entries and 20 se-nior entries. Twelve students won DistinctionAwards (score 90+/100). The winning schools(in terms of scores for the top 3) were Fairburn(elementary) and Lansdowne (junior and se-nior).A selection of some of the topics chosenthis year were Optical illusions, Tower ofHanoi, The average sleeper, Numbers that makeyou go hmm, History of math in South America,Codes and ciphers, Catapults and What is thefourth dimension?Fame is sponsored by PIMS, BCAMT,Greater Victoria Teacher Association andSchool District #61. The event was organizedby mathematics teachers Betty Doherty ofLansdowne and Wendy Swonnell ofLambrick Park.Upcoming Education Activites• October 9, 2002: Math Mania Night, Happy Valley Elementary School, Victoria• November 19, 2002: The Alberta High School Mathematics Competition, Part Iof the 2002–2003 season, Alberta and Northwest Territories• May 2, 2003: Changing the Culture 2003, SFU Harbour Centre• June 23–27, 2003: ESSO-CMS-PIMS Math Camp for High School Students,East Academic Annex, SFU Burnaby CampusFall 2002 31Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesAstronomer Caroline HerschelWomen and Mathematics Contest WinnersContributed by Heather Jenkins, PIMS Communications OfficerIn January 2002 the Women and Mathematics contest came to an end. We now feature shortprofiles of the winners of the last 7 months of the contest.Back in July when Florence Nightingale was featured, the winner was Alain Goulet of Victoria,BC. He is a 46 year old father of 4 who is studying towards a B.Sc. in Mathematics at the Universityof London through their External Programme. Most of his career so far has been in the financial/accounting field, which he hopes to change when he is ready to start his graduate studies in math-ematics. Recently he has also become interested in astronomy.In August, the month we featured Maria Goeppert Mayer, the winner was Stefanie Smith ofKingston ON. She is 24 year old student at Queen’s University working on a Ph.D. in Computa-tional Chemistry. Her inter-ests include camping, curlingand skiing. She found outabout the contest from afriend, and she thinks that it’sa great way to learn about fa-mous women in science andmath.Jordan Bemmels ofRichmond, BC won the Sep-tember Emmy Noether con-test. He was 14 years oldand in Grade 9 at the time,and he found out about thecontest from his mathteacher. He said “I think thatthe contest is a great way foreveryone to learn more about“Women in Mathematics,”and mathematics in general.Learning mathematics can be useful throughout life, so this contest is very practical for nearlyeverybody.” He is interested in geography and the humanities, plays the piano and trumpet, androller-blades.In October the winner was Lichung Jen also of Richmond, BC, who works at Minerva DatabaseMarketing Consultants Ltd. The contest featured Sofia Kovalevskaya. Lichung is 40 years old andfound the contest very interesting.Caroline Herschel appeared in November and the winner was Wayne Chevrier of Langley, BC.He was also a winner of the Mathematics is Everywhere contest.The December winner was Michelle McGinty of Waterloo, ON and that month we featuredMaria Gaetana Agnesi. She is 39 years old and is a University Waterloo Mathematics Graduate andteaches secondary school mathematics at Waterloo Collegiate Institute. Michelle said “I think whatPIMS is doing is fantastic: your semi-annual Pi in the Sky publication, your visits to elementary andsecondary schools and your contest. I have all of the posters of this year’s contest posted in myclassroom. I have some of last year’s bus posters that were sent to me posted on my classroomwindows. They are wonderful, the posters initiated a great deal of discussion and problem solvingby my students.”Emilie de Breteuil concluded the contest in January and Wendy Bennett of Victoria, BC, was ourfinal winner. She is 51 year old mother of three children who has degree in Political Science. Shelists her main interest as a fascination with people. Her middle son, Andrew, is a math student andshe found out about the contest through him.To find out more about these women see www.pims.math.ca/education/2001/women.The New Issue of Pi in theSky MagazineThe fifth issue of the PIMS educational maga-zine Pi in the Sky came out in September2002. The cover was specially created byCzech artist Gabriela Novakova according toan original idea by George Peschke, and themeaning of the scene is explained in the ar-ticle “Oops!!! Just what happened to Prof.Zmodtwo?”The Math & Astronomy section features“Solar Eclipses: Geometry, Frequency,Cycles” by Hermann Koenig. Read a biog-raphy of female mathematician “EmmyNoether” by Volker Runde.“From Rabbits to Roses: A GeometricMystery Story” by Klaus Hoechsmann is thecontinuation of the mystery series “The Roseand the Nautilus”.Other article include “Student’s Work-shop: Polyhedra with Six Vertices” by RichieNg, “Mathematics of the Past” by GarryKasparov, and “Decoding Dates from An-cient Horoscopes” by Wieslaw Krawcewicz.Another article is about “Gibbon, Malthus,and the Ancients”.In addition to being distributed to highschools in British Columbia, Alberta andWashington State, “Pi in the Sky” is nowbeing distributed to people across NorthAmerica who have requested to be added toour mailing list. All the issues are also avail-able for download on the websitewww.pims.math.ca/pi.www.pims.math.ca Pacific Institute for the Mathematical SciencesPIMS is supported by:♦ The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada♦ The Alberta Ministry of Innovation and Science♦ The British Columbia Ministry of Competition, Science and Enterprise♦ Simon Fraser University♦ University of Alberta♦ University of British Columbia♦ University of Calgary♦ University of Victoria♦ University of Washington♦ University of Northern British Columbia♦ University of LethbridgeNewsletter Editor: Heather JenkinsThis newsletter is available on the web at www.pims.math.ca/publications.PIMS Contact ListDirector: Dr. N. GhoussoubAdmin. Asst: Derek BideshiPhone: (604) 822-9328, Fax: 822-0883Email: director@pims.math.caSFU Site Director: Dr. M. TrummerAdmin. Asst: Fuyuko KitazawaPhone: (604) 268-6655, Fax: 268-6657Email: sfu@pims.math.caU of A Site Director: Dr. J. MuldowneyIndustrial Facilitator/Executive Assistant:Shirley MitchellPhone: (780) 492-4308, Fax: 492-1361Email: ua@pims.math.caUBC Site Director: Dr. D. RolfsenAdmin. Asst: Derek BideshiPhone: (604) 822-3922, Fax: 822-0883Email: ubc@pims.math.caU of C Site Director: Dr. G. MargraveAdmin. Asst: Marian MilesPhone: (403) 220-3951, Fax: 282-5150Email: uc@pims.math.caUVic Site Director: Dr. F. DiacuAdmin. Asst: Dil BainsPhone: (250) 472-4271, Fax: 721-8962Email: uvic@pims.math.caUW Site Director: Dr. S.P. SmithAdmin. Asst: Mary SheetzPhone: (206) 543-1173, Fax: 543-0397Email: uw@pims.math.caScientific Executive Officer: Dr. A. RutherfordPhone: (604) 822-1369, Fax: 822-0883Email: sandy@pims.math.caEducation Coordinator: Dr. K. HoechsmannPhone: (604) 822-3922, Fax: 822-0883Email: hoek@pims.math.caAdministrator: Andrea HookPhone: (604) 822-1522, Fax: 822-0883Email: andrea@pims.math.caProgramme Coordinator: Derek BideshiPhone: (604) 822-3922, Fax 822-0883Email: derek@pims.math.caCommunications Officer: Heather JenkinsPhone: (604) 822-0402, Fax: 822-0883Email: heather@pims.math.caPIMS-MITACS Admin. Asst., UBC: Clarina ChanPhone: (604) 822-0401, Fax: 822-0883Email: clarina@pims.math.caBIRS Programme Coordinator: Jessica DouglasPhone: (604) 822-3782, Fax: 822-0883Email: jdouglas@pims.math.caPIMS/MITACS Website Manager: Kelly ChooPhone: (250) 472-4927, Fax: 721-8962Email: chook@pims.math.caComputer Systems Manager: Shervin TeymouriPhone: (604) 822-0410, Fax 822-0883Email: shervin@pims.math.caComputer Systems Manager: Brent KearneyPhone: (604) 268-6654, Fax: 268-6657Email: brentk@pims.math.caIn April this year Robert Moody (Professor, University of Alberta and BIRS ScientificDirector) became one of five Canadian scholars to win a 2002 Killam prize for outstand-ing career achievements. Administered by the Canada Council for the Arts, the prizesare worth $100,000 each. Photo: Canada’s Governor General, Adrienne Clarkson,congratulates Robert Moody.
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Magazine (Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences) : vol. 6, issue 2, Fall 2002 Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences 2002
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Title | Magazine (Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences) : vol. 6, issue 2, Fall 2002 |
Alternate Title | Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences magazine Newsletter (Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences) |
Creator |
Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences |
Publisher | Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences |
Date Issued | 2002 |
Subject |
Mathematics--Research--Periodicals |
Genre |
Other |
Type |
Text |
Language | eng |
Date Available | 2014-05-29 |
Provider | Vancouver : University of British Columbia Library |
Rights | Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 2.5 Canada |
DOI | 10.14288/1.0086000 |
URI | http://hdl.handle.net/2429/46889 |
Affiliation |
Science, Faculty of Mathematics, Department of Non UBC |
Peer Review Status | Unreviewed |
Scholarly Level | Faculty Researcher Other |
Rights URI | http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/ca/ |
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