UBC Community and Partners Publications

A synthesis of research activities at the Fisheries Centre on eco-system based fisheries modelling and.. Guenette, Sylvie; Christensen, Villy; Hoover, Carie; Lam, Mimi E.; Preikshot, David; Pauly, Daniel 2007

You don't seem to have a PDF reader installed, try download the pdf

Item Metadata

Download

Media
FCRR_2007_15-1.pdf [ 362.74kB ]
[if-you-see-this-DO-NOT-CLICK]
Metadata
JSON: 1.0074752.json
JSON-LD: 1.0074752+ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): 1.0074752.xml
RDF/JSON: 1.0074752+rdf.json
Turtle: 1.0074752+rdf-turtle.txt
N-Triples: 1.0074752+rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: 1.0074752 +original-record.json
Full Text
1.0074752.txt
Citation
1.0074752.ris

Full Text

	       !  " # $$" %%&' (' )*#' ) 	 	  		 	  		 		 	 	 			 						 				 	 		 									 			  		!"	!#	$%	&$' ()	#*	+	#		),,-	 .	 		/	0	1	 )),)		 "	1	  !"#"		$$%&' #((" )*+,-$,,$+*.*,**+,+,$,,*$, -,-)*,/,0+,$,/-0,1120,/,* 3*+,/4+-*+,-$*+,$0,*$1-*-  	2567.			+7/		,817 0	4	970	45 		 0	: 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8  ,;5	5 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 # 85	 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 < #8	=5		 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 > #847		 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 > #8#/		5 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 > #8<					,5 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 % <8,	 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 % <8,	,	 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 % ,	?			5	 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ! @ 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ! 4		 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ! *			 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ! 5				 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 " 5		 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 " 			 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 " 4	 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8  ,?	5		55 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8  <8#,		 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8  <8<	4		 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ( <8>A5	 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ( 5 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ( ,			 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ( 				 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 < B5	 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 < >8$5		59**55 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 > >81			9 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 % >8#/ 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 !  8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ! >8<5		 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 " >8>	 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 " >8%4	 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8  .5	 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8  %8,5 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 #( !8		 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ## !8.5	:	:		 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 ##!8#		55 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 #< !8<5	5	 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 #> "85	 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 #% 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 #! $ 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 #! 2	!"	!#	0		 			/1 ()	#*	+	 		/	0	1		),,- +,$,,*$,$,4-$*$,*$*,0*+,-AB*,,0+,$,*$*&'  !"#"!"			 			1	"72568   *	  	  	   9  	     	 		5	83	5						9 	7=5			5	8 7  55  	 	  		7 		9;	  		5		7				5 5558*	7755		5			5	8 3    5	  C9/	7  	 4	 	7 0  		-&0-'-4	75	9 		    	   		 8 B 	   		 	 5  0-7  	 	  	 	 !"	 !#8 *	  	95559	5		7	7 			8 3						5		 						7887	5	8* 59 9		 		 5	 &8		858'8 35	5			 		5			8 								5	7			9 7      	 	   	 	 5	  9  		 	 9		5	5	5D# /1	 		!#		$%	3	$  !! 3	7					575  	 	 	8 * 		    9 	 		 	  	 	 		 	  8 , 	  	5 	  		 		 	     	 =5								;8 *    	  	 5		      		   5&;	'			7555&BB'83	 5 9	 	  		7 5	,	 ,	 &,,'8 *5 ,,7 	   	  		  	  		7 	  5	 	  8 		  	 5  	5  		  	     5 5	 ,, 	 ,7  	 ;		 ;	  ,,8 55              4		8 * 5	          5	  	  	  5 5		79		5		5 	7	9		595;		8*  	5 		9  	5  		 -7 -9			7 B		3	  B		  		5	8 *    	 2	  		7 55								%(#(((8*+ 						8 *9**55 	=5 7 7  		      	 	 	 	8 *    5  	5 	5 	  ;		 	  E	  			 	 		7 	  	  5	    57  5 		  =5	 8 *	 	=55	+	7	2	 			8 * 	  5  ,,   5 	  5	  5  	  		5		8*555							8 				555@@		5		;		8 /5 9     5	84	5  	  	 	5	755583			 =5		5	755		8-5		   5 5  	5 		 	5	     	 5 	5 	   ;	5 58 	 5	 55 	   5	    	   		 		 7   	 75,,8!"			 			1	"72568 < "#$	!	 3	7 		  	  	 	5 7 	 	 	  		  &-F+-0,#((G345#(('7				5  &3/5	 !'7  		 		  &/ "'7 							55&98#((<G+	8#((>G+	 8 #((%G 9  8 	 '8 *	 	  E    	    		   		57;		5B,07 			0		7H4	7B5 $	 		7  $9E	9 0	  5	 		7   C5 0	8 7						;9	7  E	    	     8       7  	7 7  	   	5     ;7	=57				5	 8 *		&,7,		7  	 	 -'9 	 		 	  	 	 		 	   &	3#((%'8		  	 =5	7 	 	 	   		   7 	 	 		   	5     58 	 5	 E				5	58*		 			8 ,			&			5		 	   	5 ' 	 	E	 	8,	 			 			 5	 		 		 	 	 5 	8  	   =5	55	85    		 7 5   	=5	8 7       		  		   ?    		5		5E	7		5   	 ;	 5 &8875	 '7  9				8 *  5   5	  	5  		  	5	5&	575 5	 		 '8		5 9	5			7	, 	,	&,,'7	 		 7	 .	 	   3 &3  8 G 	 3 #((>'8B	 ,,7 5			55	7 		  	7  		 	7  8,	7 	  	 		 	 		 ,, 			   5   	 	  				757		8 $B					58 1  		 9  		   	 	 	5	   	;8		5  5  	 5	 	 		 9 9 57 	 5				8 *	  	  	=5   	 5      		7	5	7			,,  	 8 * 9 * * 55 &*' 7     		 7 	 	 	   	 5   	  	=5 	    5	7 	    5	8 *7      5 > /1	 		!#		$%	3	$    	7 	  	 		  	8 3 5 	 	        5  	 	     	8 %#	&!		 			 * 		   	  =5	 	 	 	   ;	7	9	8*			@8,	  ;	 	5  	7 5 &	5	 	'  55  &BB'7  	5I5J7	887	5	 9&IJ'&4	3#(((G4	8#((#'8 ,		=5			5	 		7		&5		5	 	 	  '7  		 &5 	7 887    	   	 7	  	 5F	'87			 	5 	IJ	7	5		5		 		8*		59	5		7	  	7 	   5	  	     ;	   58*				&'5	8 	 !! 4			5	BB	9				& 				'58	5	BB	5		7 			5BB8*  	  	 	   BB 	 	7     8 * 	   7 	  9     45 & '7  	@ 57	08K	57	5	 		&K8#((%G#((!GK8#(("'85	@	;? 8 			5	;		7&$4';	4G #8 			7		7	778&'8875I		J 	;		55		;G <8 5					5		5I		J			 	&#'7		55		;G >8 0IJ			5	7	;	5 		;G %8 			5	;IJ	7	# "#7			5&B4';4G !8 ,			&'7		&$4'	;4 &'	75;5	&B4'	;4&%'7 	887	L4$4	MB4 * 7   *84	   &4	 3 #(((G4	  8 #((#'7			7	? 8 0				BB		&		 	'G #8 0	  	5	 &  =5		 ' 	: 	57 	887  		  				7		5	G <8 	=5		57			&	'7	5 	G >8 5					G %8 4		BB	G !8 B /  	  	   5  	 	    	;	8 4	  8 &#((#' 	   ;	   / 5	 	8 	&#((!'		5		BB5!"			 			1	"72568 % 5	5	5		5	8* 57	5		7555			E5 5		98	&#((!'5	 ;	  E 		  ?   5	7 	5	     	 	8 * 5  	 5    (  #( 5     5       5	 		   %(    (8 *	 	 5=5 	  <( 5    & N   ' 	 (8 * 	5			5	 79			58	&#((!'5		 				5		5	8 "#$%&!!  4					7 ; 		5 		  	55		5			&*#((#G#((<G12@@4@ #((!'7				7					&5 "G / '80	7  5	7  	 		   		5 7 	7    5 	  &9 '8 * 		5 		 	2		F455		;	 	 	5				788		575		7 		7	5	5	;		&'85	5				 		7   	 7  	  7  	  55 9 	 &2		*5#((>'5	5	75				   5  	 ::8 	  	 ,57 7 		55		5557		5				 		5			8 *					5			4		 		5		755	5			 					&+"<'8;7	 5 	 7   		 5	 	 5<%		 5  	  &!		9'  5	 5 "%7(((7	 	  	 	 5	  > % 5F &##(9F'80	   	 	   5  ,5;		55 	 5		   	 		8    $	7 	  	 		 5	!(7(((75	O#		9=5	P 		7595	 <8<8#			5	 > !&*#((#'83				5	  	     		 7  		 :	 	:   	 	   	    58+		   		  	5	 		7=5		:	:			&	7 +		788/81'55							 5					8  4		 7 	 	  	 	 5   5	 	5&+8#((>'8*	5	 7 		 	 ;	7 		@	  5	7  	 	 	55 85					5		5   	  ,5 8 + 	 		7 	7 	 		  9 	9	5	 55		 55			;	7	7	755	 			55	5=5&+8#((%'8 '#	 "&!&!	 ,		5	958-		 5	55	E				   	 &	  3 #((>G 3   #((>'8 *  	 	   	 	  		 	 	  , 	 ,	 ! /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ &,,'  	 	    		  	  .	 	   3 &38 G	3#((>'8/ 	5		 	  	   		   ,, &	  3 #((%'  	 	 5		-				&8#((%'8 ,   		   		  5	 5 &     5  	'7 	 	5  :: 	      	 	 &	45#'8*5  	&55 	 9#' 5	 57 	 	 		7 5	  5	  	7 5  		 	7 55				8*						7 5	7		&38"'8 &'()*+)&,-./)()01/+)'( ,	 	    	 	5	    ,7 	 E	  	 	8,	5		=5						   	7  5	   	 	7 5	 7 		  		 &3  8 "G 	  3 #((>'8 - 	7     	 		5			;						75	557  		7 		   	7 	  5	 	 	7  			7		5 			835 5  	    9  	 	5    	 8 5 	 5 	 5	5 	55		&45 G3 G 38 G38G458#(((G	3#((>G'8 *757			5			 558;7				55	5	 				,&887;H	#((>'8+75 E	5				4			  5 &084	9'  5	  9  	 	 		58 *57  5  ;		 		5	,,8 (+/2/( ,			5	@					; 	 		8 * @  	9  	 	 5	  5	  	 &4F '7 5	  5	  	 &AF '7   	 5   	 	   	 5 & 5 	  '8 2   @ 	 	     555				5&	3#((>'8 3&-/+'3,3&.3&1/+)'(4) *5					7				 	5 	5 &3H	#(('8*    &  :5		:'      			7 	 	  		   	5         9   			 	 8   5		 5    			 	    	    	 	 	8*	5		5	7					 5						875		 		5	5				7	 			7		8*	5	=5	 					5						75 			7	8875			8/		 		&5'		5	5			 			5=5			8* 									8 +3'4)&-)/+)' 		5						8 ;7 5 	  	  	    57 5 			 	  	8 		  557 887  5     	 	7    			     	     		 		 8 * 5 !"			 			1	"72568 " 					55			8 *5				5		8 /'0+)5%'31)/+&/3)/+)'( 		5	,,5				 	7 	 	  	   ,	 	5 	 	 	  	 	 5   4		0-		8*			9	5		,,8	 9			7	5	   ;	8  	  	  	 5 5 	    	   5 	5	  	55 	 	  8 	5		57	55				 	7		E	5			  	  	8 		 	 5	 	 	 	;				5		 &887	8 G+/5#((('8 0+3)&+1'/-)5 *5					?	;&	5	5'857 	5		5		55	5 =5			585	5					,		5 8 * 	 5	 	  	9    5	    		 &	 	 	  8 #((%'8*	 555 	  	 		 	&3/#((>78#"#"%'8+7	5	 	  	 	7 5	  5	   5	  ;	 5	 5 		8$5	7887 9&	855	' 	 &3855	'7 		5 5  		 	 5	  	 	5	 	     	7 57 	7  	  5	8 * ,  	 5 5	7 5      		  ;	    	 9  	 5 	8 * 	 		   5	   	     	9  5		  &  5  	5	5'	5	755		   		     	 ;		  	  ;	   			&	3#((%'8 %)(4)5/-%1&&+-./)( 		 	  	5 	   5 		 	   	 	 	 	  	5  	    	    	  	8B	  	 	      		     	   	      	 	  8  		7   	  	@  		;	5	8		; 	  55 	  	  	 F 	8 *    5  	: 	  	 		 	  		 	7 5				98/		5	 5		8 ,		5E	;		5 				 &887/9	8 "G*	8 G/9	8#((<G	 /#((>'79;&H	8G1	8	'7  55  ;	   	5   	5 &887 .  8 "G 5  8 #((>G 4	  8 #((%'   	  	 	 5	 			5&/9	8#((<'87	 5		5				9	;		  	 	  	8  ;7  		  	7    		;	5		5 /	&$	5@$5	@#((	3/#((>'8 		,	7	5							 5    	 	 	     ;7 57 7  	8/				5	5							5=5  /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ 	       		8 ,;	   		  		  	5 5 	  5 	 	 		   	5  			5	8	5	75	 	95;		5			;=5		;		 	&	3#((%'8  5 			75	,		5 	 		 				8/	7	5		7				5			  F 			 	   F	 			 	 	8+7  	  	 ;	7     		   	 	 5 		555		&,	#((>G3/#((>'8 '1).(&/34 ,	   5  ;      		  	5	 	5 	  		  	  	  	 	  	 5 	 	5 	5			5	8			5		; 		5;		@E	5	 8 		G #8 		&'G <8 5				G >8 ::55&	5'8 * 	  5     3  5 &3  8 #((#'   -FB9			C5#(((7				 	  &4	   #((#'8 *5   5 	   &	3#((>'85	9**554E 	5			5	*	8 &'(/&*)10-)5+4&(/+)/1(+30+03& ,5	55	5			9 		,	&38'8,	 		75? 8 	      	 5 E  5   	   	G #8 5			9			G <8 			7	7						 		&887	'8 ,		&5			'	5	 		    	    	  5	  8  5			575 8	5	5						, &	8#((%'8;75			5  	 	  9 	 5 	, &,	'  	  	 	5   : 	8  	   	 	 		 	  	 5		55	7				5			55	5 	7	5	7,5	7     		  	 5	 =5			5 5	F	 		 &	8#((%'8 , 	 	 		 	  	  	 		  	  	 5	 	&/8#((%'8*				5		9 	;			5 5   		&3 /#((>78# #'87				5		9		 		8*5							 		559	5	;				 		E	8	7								 =5			&887	95		5			' 	5	,&3/#((>'8!"			 			1	"72568  "&!$	         55 57 	 5     ; 	 	7	    	8 *	    	 5					8	5	 7 		 	 59	5 ;958=5	7	 ;	 	 	5		55		5 	5  	5				5	8.7 	 	 5			57	 5	  7  5	  7    	 	 	 7 	 8*7  	 		7 	  	 		   5	  	 	7   & ' 5   	 ;			;&	3#((>'837 		7		:			&45	#((#'8 *57 	 	 	    9      		  ;	  5 5		:			8		575	  	=5		 	 	7	 		 5	8;7	55			5 	8/				58*55	 5	5	57887	757 	8-			5	757		  	 	  8-;; 	 	  	 	5	 		   	   		  9 5       	7 .58*	5	57 55	5				5	5			 558*7;			 5  	  	 	  5   	  	 		7 5	7 	5					8 						;59				 584		73/& '5	5 		5	  	  		   		  5	 	?  5	7  5		8		915 &%'75		 5	 		 		  :  	 5 %( 		 	7   	4		:5		:3/& '859 5     	  5		 	 ;    =5	  	58 +7    			   @	7 5 	 	   9  I	J  I	J7  		 		     55	 8 * 	5 ;   	  2	  45 58 *5 	5  57  =5	   5  	 	     	  		    	  	 =5	 5	8 7 7    		  	7  	7 	 	 5 5  9 J 		5						8*5	,, 455&4	9	#(('	2	&/8#(('75	 		&	9';		7			5 &57	979'		58 ;			74	9&#((%' 5	5957		;		  ;    4		7 	5	 	 725 97  7   	 	       8 39  	  	  	  &4	9 	 8'    	  2	    ,	     ;	 			9&	 ' 4		 8	97975&	554		 	  9 2'7    7   4		      5 ( /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ 	875	87 7	;		59		7		5		5 		5					8 ""/#	!! 4		&*' 	8*				2	&88745	 !'7		755	 	 		 	  		   	%(#(((8*+				 &	#((!'8*	 .55			;&/#((#'8 9	;,								8#((< /#((>7;79			5		 		  	  4		   	 		8* 954					0		 -7-9			7B		3	B		 		5	8 5 95	 	 		$$&256	#((%'8 "67# (+/+0('%+4&&'(.(+&   5    5	    #(  &	  45<7*G	/#((>'8*5 	 		 	5			5	5		 		 	9	7 5  	;7 		5	 &	%'8 19					,	59   	     	8 		7 	  25  97  9 	 		   	 	  	7 97 5799 9	5					7 	  	 	  	7 	7 4		   	5 	 5 9 	    ;	7			&+8#(("'8 ,     5 ;	  ;  	  	5  5 	&	8#((#G	8#((<'89**555	&; 	  * '     	 	8 	  8 &#((<'  	5						5			 %(     (8 * 5  5	 	 		 #<  &,'   	 		 		   		   	 	7    5	5	&	8#((<'	3	&	8#((>'8 &%%&+('%%)(4)5/-1)/+& 55	5		5	,,				 ;	   	   8   7 	  	  	5   					5	8;725*	 7			7				;	 	&	 G-F+-0,#(('8+75	5	 	75		;	;		7		5 	9		;	5	&*	8 G	3#((%'8 -;			9	 	;				5			9		  	  &4	 #((#'8 5  	 	 	 5	  	 5  		8			5		5 		 2	  /  8 &#((#'  	 	 	 	  	     	7 	5	7	7798,, 4		74	9&#((%'	5		5		!"			 			1	"72568  ("#)!	*+	++ 	!#	, 	 	!	,((!! -#(!			# ) * (   .	, )! 5&45 	!'   ( ,  	5		,	 8 	2	&45 	!'   ( ,  	5		,	 8 	2	&45 8 ' (7  (7 >( ,,Q  5	,	5	 		5 5,		5	 	5>(8 	2	&	 8#(('  #(( ,  	5 5	5			#(((8 	2	&/ 8#((G/8 #((#' %( ,, ) /					5 	&@'8		5			 		8B	 5	/8&#((#'8 				8 5&	 2		+7+ 	&8 #((#'' ( ,  	@7					 		7		#""9#/47	 	5	58 +	&	'  ( ,Q  	,&%7%0'8 +	&+ 	'  ( ,Q  	,&%7%0'8 +	&	 #(('  ( ,  ;,5		 &	'80, 5			@ 	 			8 +	&8		7 0-7	7 55	' ( ,, ) 0			(8 &	 8#((#' #(((7 %(7 ((7 "%( ,Q  			8 &	 #((!' %( #((( ,,Q ) 		5 &	8#((#'85	7 	5		5	8 &	 #((>		#((!' #((( ,  		4/8,5	 		52		+ /8 3.5 &/#((#' %( #((( ,, ) 	5			 		8,;		5	 		;8 &4	9 #((%' %( #((# ,, ) *5	 						8 	5	5	 				;	 			8		2	 				5	 			8 4		&	 '&4	9 #((%' %( #((# ,, )# /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ ) * (   .	, 	5&	 		8	 8#((<' 59 ,  			5: 8 )	* 4	3		57 9&-945 ' > ! ,  > !  ,	,	5	; 	5			 	5	755 	8 59&256 #((%' 3 5	&+ #((%' !< #((# ,, ) /5		5 			97 			7		7	 			55&2568 #((!'8,			 			+8&#((%'8 ,5	 259 &+#((%' !< #((# ,  4		8 		 5&	#((>' !( ( ,, ) ,;			75	 		8 455&4	9 	#((' "(  ,, ) ,5		5	 	5		5	 				 58 ,	&*	 8' %(  ( ,,  	; 	5	7		8 4		&H	 8' 	   ,,  ,5;9 		5	5	 		8 4		&(>( %(3<(,'&H	 8#((#'    /		H	8&'8,;	 				97	 		8;	 		5		98 4		&;8 #((#' %(  ,, ) *,				 		55 55	8 4		&/ 8#((%' %(  , ) *55	 5		55	 			5	5	 			8 4		&H	 8#((>' %#  ,, ) B;8&#((#'8,; 	 				8	 5		 			8 92&45 	!'   ( ,  	5		,	 8 ,3 	5	 4		&	8#((<'   (  ( ,,  B			7 7	5,/B$- 8,5 E5		 8	5	55	 5		8!"			 			1	"72568 < 			5		8* 75((7(((9#75		9	%(#(((7	 		955			&95"<G	8!'%R%>R7	 559#874		758%		 9#7 5   	 9 	   		   4		 0 -		7		5		9#8* .5&/#((#'7259&+8#((%'7	&+8 #((<'79&09#((#'7,	&4	#((>'8 2568&#((!'259					 	&*'8*5				 				"(&5	'		   	 5	  	 5	   	 	 &5 9'8 		7 	7	9							55 	9	5	5		8	5		7 4		0-		7 	  	  7 5	 E	 	 	5		5	598 ;H	&#((>'5,,;				5;	9 	&*	'		;			195	8*	  	 		 5    	  	57 		   &5 '  	  &6	 7'7 ;		7  	5	7  9 8 * 5 5  5	   	  	   9 	 E5					8*	55			 9 57 	   9 	 	 	  	 5	  9 5   		      5	  9	  5	 	  	 8 $5				575	7			 	5	5		95	8 %)(4&3)&(//5&&+(&/3)'(/-'1).(&/34  5	  9   	    	  		 	   8;7H	8&#((>';		5		 								 ; <(8*5 5 		 ;	5	 9	 	5			5				7		9			=5	8 	3&#((>';		5	; 	5	25*	8*E	;		@		7 5558*55		? 8			55	&;	'5 5			F5		5	G  #8  			 	;  H:A"% 	; &H #((#'  	  	   5		8	7		;; 	   5   ,	 	 	8 * 5  	 5 	5 		  5  	  5 	  	 		  	75	5&	3#((>'89	; 9**55E				;		8 0(&%01&(('%/3)&3&(&3&( *, 	5	 5	  	      55  	8	&#(('5+	A5 57	"(7(((9#7		5	@ 	5	  /4 	   ;8 *	     5 &,' 	 5  5					@		E    5	  	 	 	   	;	58 * 5 	5: 	5=5		7			5	 ;				8	5	5				7	5	 9958*	;		 5	>(N			5			&	8#((#'8> /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ 8 &#((#' =5 &>(9>(9' 57 	 2		 +/&	/		749'8	5	 55		:		&	 '	@7	75 5					7	5	38&'G5/8 &#((%'	5	5	4		88&#((#'; 								5@				/487 	 	5	,&38 '7  		5  /47	5	  		 8*	5  	    			   	  		/4   		8 	&#((!' 7		   4		 /&4/'7		52		+/8*,  	55 	5	7 	 7	5	  		 8* 5			/		5	?8	 5		&(#'	;	5	G#8  G  <8  	 	8 5  	 ;	  	7  5 				558 /8&#((%'5,555	 ;&5797		';						   	 	  	  &	   	'8  	 5  		  5 	 	  ; %( 8 *  7 	  	 					5	5						7			5 5 5	5 	 8- 75	5	    	    5 	5  ;8 * 5 5 		   	5	5		8;755  	  5	 		 	5 	 	  5		 	7    5	;	5		5 	8 K  $	 &#((>'  ;  55  	  	    	   	  5    	8 * ,   5	 	5		5	95	5	8B 	5			755			8+7 	7		5=57	5		# 	7=5		8 4	  8 &#((#G#((#'5,  5 55  			  		 			;5	@	+H8*			 	 	5	 	75 	5 			  		55  	   8*	5 	     7 	   	  	   	 		7  	 	8 /#!	!	,((!! *9**55 &*' 	5  5   		      	 	 	 	8 *   5  	5 	5 			;			E							7		5 5	55		=5	&4	G4	 #((%'8BI1.J&1.'7	5 5555&4	#((>'75  	7    		  		  	  5 	  8 + *     ;	  	 	 8 *   1.  	  5		    	7  	    		 	 	5  5    1. &4	#(('84	& '5		*5	?!"			 			1	"72568 % 8 ,5		8*				 		:			5	8, 5										8 *	1.7	5 	G #8 ,	,;	  		  		 & ' 8 ,	5		@		&'E			  	  5 	 		 5  ;  	 	 	  G ,			7	5		 5			G <8 ,5	  	  	 	   8  	   5  E		757	G >8 		;		@		8*	5		 ,,   5  	  			   5	7  	7 	7 	7			G %8 0	  	5  	 	 	 8  5	  ;	    		 				5G !8 ,5	58*			5		 		G "8 					58*	9 *8 		7 		 	8/ 	;		9	+			2	7 7	;+		8 *		7	5	,		5		  	=5 	5 	  5	 5	5			 			7				8 61!#	8  4     5	 			 	  &5	  55	 '7 	   		 		 &97 7  57  		 5'71F*		,	H&57		7	5	'8 +8& '5		*		1,	H&*,H1,H' 			5				7 				,7		7	75			 		7	55	57		7 55		8*			=5			5	  	7  	@	 5  F   5  	 		 5 &+  8  '8 $5 	 	  5 	 	     	 5 & '  	 	 		 		8* 5  5 	  	 	 	 5  	5 	  7  	 	 58 -5	1,H*,H	*	5				 	1 5				 	 	7		 5 5	5	 &+ #((<'8 *	  5  5  	  	 	 7  	 	 5	7	5	5,	7 					5	8 / 7   	 	    5		   	5 	 				7		581			 	5		98	2	+	7	55 1,H		&8 G3 G	8GC'8 		> 5	4	$5	 +	2		8		5			7! /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ 1  Website < http://www.fisheries.ubc.ca/projects/btf/> Click on Case Studies (Northern BC), and then on Chronology to access data by species or time period. 85				5 			,&	'8+		95		* 	7		@			7				5	8 	&#((!'				9	5			8+9 				;	 			 	 ;		7						7   	  	8 	     	  1,H &9  		'		9&0-#((>'&<"N'8		 ;									9 &	#((!'8	55		 	*				5		5801,H 	       57  			 		  9	7 5 	      		  	   	 &	 #((!'8 / 		 1,H 	   	    		    	  755		57	 8 6# ,5(   B 		 8     	  2	 + 	 	  5 ;		  5 	  * 8 * 	  2	     	 		9	9((%((8 5	 					55 	1,H*,H	 7	 		5	 57 7 0-					5	58 4   7  	 5	7  	   	5   	8+7 	    	 	  		     	81	5 5 5  		   + 	  	  2	     	5	555&458 '8/	    9    5	  	 	=5     5  1,H  ;	  &/  3  G / '8 3	 	     	 		7		5		87:	: 	5	,				5	8 * 	  2	     	5  	5	 9  	 5	 5 &* '8* 	 	   	0  8 & '7	 	  5	 5   		7 	  	 	* 8 ,		&/8#((#'7	5			8 /+	&45	!G	' 0-		%%075		55	5845	 57		 	7	 	+ 	&'8*+		9;;		5	 5&+	'8*	9	4	$5	5		 95		5			5	58* + 	 ;  	     	   8 '3+4&3'-&1 *	*				8 4	57 	 	5     *     	 A5  57+	70	;&0-('8/&#((>'		 *? 8 57			G!"			 			1	"72568 " #8 	5	5		55	5 8 3		5	5		97 9		5				5 	=5		857			 	E	 	;		7	 5;		&+4	#((>'8. 4	&#((#'5			?7 ((7"((8*((5;		7	 		7			5		G			5    58 * "((   5 	   ,5 7  5 					5*	=58*#((#* 9  5	      		 5	 &	  8 #((#'7 	 	5 57 7 0-   	 57 	 		   5	 57  	 ,85	 5 	5  7 7 7    	7 	7 	7 4		 7 	5 5	 	7 4		 7 4		 	7  	7 57  	7	95	4	8&#((#'8 	5	5	57	7		"%(7((775 		   %(7  	 	 	  8 &#((!'8 * %(     9	95	4				7 E			5	8*57,			7 ,		  	 	7 5  		  		  5	57	8 6")!  ,	!	 5E5	7		 	 5	5	8* 	 	 	 5	7		  			5 5    	 		  	    	5 5	 5  	8 3	 	    55      	 5	 5 	 97		8*	 			 	5	755		8*=5			7	      	 	 5	   7  5	  	  	   &@	@ /0 %'7  	    	    &H  * !'7   5 5  	 	 C 	 &  )5#((<'83	7	5	5 5		5,	S&4	#((>'8*		 		5		55	5	8 7	&#((!'54		0-			;		 5	8 -   	 	    		  	 5	 5  	7 					5		 	8*7	5	5				 5	8 66%$	! *55 	#(((	"&	#((!'7 	  55   	 &#(('8 *  55   	    5			8+7	 E	   &  5'   	 		8 - 			 5   	 		 	     			 	5 	7	  	7   5	   &	#((#'8 *	 	    5   7 5   5	  	  9 		 	 	5	 		  8  		  =5		5		7				 5					58  /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ -		;	7	1.		;	  	8*1.  	 5	  55 &	 5' 	7	 57     5  	1.8 9	9  1.7    E	  	  	 	   	7 	  5	 7  5	  	 5					7			89	9 %(((77				8*77			 	5	,,			@	&4	#((>'8,1.	 					75	55 						81. 		5 	 7 7 		E		8 * ;  	  	     1. 	 	   		 		 5			&4	#((#'8*1.5 #		&			#8%N		55'7	5	 5	7	7	7		7	5 	7@7 7 	 9	7  7  7  		  	 		 &	  8 #((>'8*;				=5			585 	5		55		5		 5	8 6!$!  	    	     		  1.  	     	7	7	5					8*					,,7 	     5	 	   57 	7 	7 	7   		8 * 	  		     	;		@ E	 5	   	;	 	5	8 	 E	  5 	 ,	 	 ? 	7 	7 	7	;E	7 	 5		 5	8* 	 5	 	  	  5		57		5	;		@ 7   	 5	 ;		@ 		 8  	; E	 	  	7	7				7		 5					9	 	7  	  5    9 &	  8 #((>'8   	;E	 7				5	7		G;7 	 	 5 	  	  	 57  5    	 		  	58 ,E		5	5	7;7((	 %(	%(=5			57584		2	 ;				5				7	;		8/;			  	  	 5 5  		8/;			  		    	 	 	 57 	  57 5 	 5    		83  E	;		7			55		9	797 5			&		55		'&/8#((#'8    7  	  9  "%(   	   =5			5 	75	7E7	 	  			   	    	 &	 #((!'8 5   5 	    5 	 	 5	7 5	  5   5	8 /10/+)' 	 			   	  5	  7 	     ;		8*7	&	#((#G#((!G	4		'A( 		7  HJA"% 	; &H #((#'7  5 			  	 5	 	 		 		8 *  	 		  ,,J 			    ;		8 *	   =5	;	 	5	 	  			 	7  5  5  	  	  5 	  ,	 7  5	   5	 5   		 &;		' 8,;		   	!"			 			1	"72568    	  	 5    7 	 	     5  			7				8 .5	    	5 	  	7 	7  	 	   			8,			 755 5&4.'7	=55E  5 	 	8 * 7 	 	  	 	  	 7  		 5        5   7   	 	 	8 ,	 5	     	   5      58 	   	 57 5  5  	7  	7   	59	75		75	 8 / &	  ,,'  	  	 5		 	5 	  5					8*				9;			  5@@ 	 7 5	 	 	  	 		  	 			 5		 &5  8 #((%'8*	 	    	7 5  		 	   5		  	 	 			 5			8 +7  5 		7							5;		5  			8 3     	  5 	7 	    			 5						  	55			 	5 		&/8#((!'8*	55	55	5			,	 	5	5					8 	4	5&4	G4	4	9#(('7  5  	 	  &$	'    5  5 	 9  		8 $	      	  	   		  5	  	 	 5					8$	9				 &	7 	7 	7 	7 	' 5   		  -   5  $	 		8 *	    	    5				5				85		 $			5		5				&4	 8#((!'8         7 4	  8 &#((%' 5 /  	5	 	=55	9;		7				8$5 			9			8	&%' 59	>5	5	 -5J&!'5	8*5	   9  		   5  		 5	 57 5	   			5	75					5	8 45 	 &%' 5  5 	5	 =5	  5	 		   	   N   =5	 	 5	 	 	  		8 *	7 7	<(<%N	7	5(N 8*		5  			5 	7 5	    3 &'7  	  	 5	 =5	    		84	5					7	5	 55	5		8 *     5     	 	 		 	    8*5			75	 5	8						5				 E	8 57          4/ E7 5 	 9 8	5	7		   		 5 	        	8 5   	 "%(    		 7    5 	  	#( /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ #*		55		#((! 	5	 	  7  	   5		    	8 * 	 	  	   	  9 	  	  	7  	 						8 4  	 	5	  5 5 	      5	   	8 5   	   	 7 	 	 		 			5	 &'7      5	 		 	7 	7  	 5  	 	  5	8*	5				75		5 	5	58	7;7 5				75		57	 	 583	    	 			5 57 5  		   	5		58 0#! 45	5555		95  	8 	  5 	     	      ;		7		7	83		 9	5&/		,		8'#8  5 		57 ;	 	 		5		 	 	 	7	;				8*55	 9		9;		79	=5	 ;	955&/		,	 	8'8-;		5E9		7	 9 	 		5   5	 5 	 58 	 5	  ;	7   	    	 5   	   	 8 *	 	:		:&458 '5		 		5	8;			;		7 		8	7458&#(('	 	&458#(('85775 7		&/		,		8'85  ;	  	 	   	    7 	 	;   5   		 		7      5   	  		0		 &45 3 #((%'8			9=5	5	 	55	8*			9 				5&		'8 $95	5	=5				  	 	     	 8 3	     	 7 =57			5 5&/		,		8'8	7 (N#((	83			  5	7   	  5 &/		  ,	   	 8'8 	$	9&$'7/		,	&/		,	 	8'		&		'	/483 				9	57(8>N	#(((	   	  	 	8 *	 5  	    &8"N'	&(8>N'75		 	"(&/		,		8'8 55		7		575    		 5     	5	   	 8 * 	 5					%(7	75 				855			   8-   	 	  			  	 5 5 	  17	+	2		8*5	5!"			 			1	"72568 # 	%(8/			 57B				5	 E	9		7					 				8  	 	 		   5 	  		 5	  	  	 79   5	 55  			 	 		 	 &+9	$	#((#'8    		7  		 		    5	7					 	&5%F>'	7				&3	9	  8 #((%'8*  %   	 	 				 7 5 	 	;	8* 			 		  9,, &	5	,' &39	#(('85	     	 95 & 	5	   5	' 		  	 58  		   5 5	 	  	 ::  :	:  7  :		:&39$!'	555	J 	 	 	  5	   	5		8 * 	 	   5			O=5	7	55	75  5  5	 57   		 &'   5	 57,F	P&$#((!'80845;	 		5			:		:&8558 F4	/8'		5		=5				 &45	%'8*	55				7	 	&			5			'%"N#((<&*8#((!'81 45 &55	'  	 :	 		:7 ; 	       57			8 					55555	 	 	  57 	5	 	 5			7 		5	7  			  		58-&#((<'5	 			 	& ;5'			7887	5		77 	  55 57  5   	 7 		5 	7  		 				8*				 8 &#(('  5	 	? 	 5	  	 5 	 	7 					7		5			&		77	 			75'7=555&5	5'7 9  &	 	 	    5 	'8 *	 	 		 5 	  	  	 9 &5 	 5 		  		'  	    	 ; 57 9 	7 	5	   	57&	5'8					 9	:7		5	7		5		795 				7 		5	   5  	7  				   58 * 		  		 		 		   =5		 =5		   8 			5;		975			5  	? 8 			  	   	 		7 	  		 					G#8555		55	5	G<8 9  	  5G  >8 	 	 5 5 &+@	 #((%'8 /  	   	  		 		   5  	  58 5	 &#((%'  5  	=5		 	 	 		 		 		5	   	  	5  & 	 !8#' 	  	 	 	 		8 +	    		 5						5				5  5	  	 	7 	8 * 5 		 5  5	 		5	5	&		' 	&		'	:7	7		?## /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ 4	;L&		5	'F&		'G 0	;L0&		'F0&	5			'8 *	 9   ; &17 55	'  		 		 		 	   			5			7	 8+5 	57 	7  	5  	5  ;	 55   		  		  	5 558     	7  5 5   			5 	   	@  5    5   		 	7 7   7				F							 5 ;		   	 8 *  	    ;7 5 7 	F7   	 	@ 	  	  5	 :5	:7 :	:7  :: 			5 8 3	 	 	5	 	  	  ;   			55		:		:				57	 	 	 5  5  		   			58 7     			5 		5	5		8		 	  5  7  	 	@7 887 7 	7   5 7 		8					7		@7 8877 7 57 	 	7555  9  	58*		 				 	 5 &45 %'  		 	5	  &5	  3 #((%'7				5				5	8 1#2	 9: #!:		#	 ,	5		J7	55	5 7   5 	 	5 	     	5 	  	7 		55		&5	#((%'8		5	 		5995	?95 	9&*7	5	'7	95&887 	755					'8*	 	 555	5	55?			57 	7 ;	7  =5 58 0	 5 5  	 5  5	 58 	555			55	8-	555		7 	 5    	8 ,;	 5  5 57 5   :			:&H<'	7	77		558=555	  55 	8/9  9 57  	 		7 	  	 5  5 58 *57   	 	 	 7  5 5	 &	887  	 		'    5   	5 5 5 	 		  5  	 	5		9	5				8 82	*		""								09	:;				"	0	 0<	0=	&	 %>' 5	=57		5&15#((>'7	887		555	 	5							57		5	5			 	5585		7				 5	5557+&#((>'5I	55	J7		 5		7	5	5		 	555	8+			7					9 			 			 5577 	5 	 5	 		55	819555			 55		5	5				&	 /5 #((<G   8 #((%' 	   		 5 	8 7    =5		 5  		 	 9  	  57 =5		7!"			 			1	"72568 #< 			 5  	   		  	 	 	 		 	 		5&E#((('8,5	7			9			 	75@@	;					 &/9	 #(((G #(('8   	  		   5 5 								97 		  9 5 5  		 57 	 	5  	 	  			9	8 	 	 =5	  	   ; 	 		  9 	    		75		7		&5	#((>'8	 	5	5			5	75 					7				8 *		5			75	 ; 	   	 5	 	  5  	     		89	55				5	55		7 5						5	7;8*	  	9,;;.@		795	  	 5  	5		  5    :55 : &H	 #(('7  		   		  9	  		5 5		 &  8 #((<'8   5			5					  5		7 	5	 	7 5		7 	7  	 57 5 		 		  	 		   7    	   	 &/	#((>'8 9(!,!	!	! 		5				55 	7;? 8	5	9	G #85	95	G <8	5		&5	#((%'8 +5	555		5		5 		8		7		55	55 	7			 			 7	7 8 	55				55	 	 &9' 5 	  	  &5	 #((>'8 *57 5 	5    	 5  	5 7 	   	9 	7 		  	557 	887 			5			 	 		9	8*	5  &	N5	 	'		 		5; 	 5		 		5	5   			5 5 5?5	 555G	9				5G   7 7  	 		   		  &5	 #((%'8 +7 	 	5			5	5557	9	7	7	 			8 5			7		5		5	79 ;		 	 5 	 	         5  	8 * 5   	5 55   	 &	   5 5' 	   55	 	  		8/	 		577					&5	 #((>'?		&I	5	9J'	E555	555 	7			5558	5	 &:		 =5	:'   	 &5	  3 #((%' 	  		  I	5	J		I		5	J		8*	  5  55 	  ;		 	7  =5	 	   E5			  5			 7  5  	5 	  5 	  	558#> /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ * 5 	 5 		   5 &4.'   	7 	5	5					5 	5  	8  	 7  &'   	 	 	  	   			5 	5	 &55'	8$			 555		55					5 &5	 #((>'8  5	 		 4.  5    	  5  55							755 	5	58       	   	 	  	 &555		'E	557		89 95	#8		57	5		&5	 #((%'84	 5	 	5? 8:	 : :: 		    		5 	: 	5	G #8:	9  : 	  		      		5 	   	 	5   	 9 5 G  <8 		   95						&5	#((%'8 5	 55: 	  	 5	  E	   	7 	77  	 		  	 	  	   	 &5'   5 5      	  5 	8 55 	 		=5		9	8 5	 &#((!'	5		 	  5			558*	75	"N 	5&'7			?5=5 	8*5=5						7		 		((	5	G	55#% 7   5	 	    5  ((8 * 	           	 	 5 	7 	 	    			55&5	#((>'8*5		=555 	5		;					55		 555	&#((!'8$&#((!'			 T 	 =5	7 55 	7  5 7  	5	 	 T8 5   		   5 5 =5	  			5  			7			@	5						 	57558 9"!# ,	5	,,	4.	5	5	8 ;7"%(&	#((!'		7		 	57	5	55	U("<		7	#((( 5	57	55	;	5 8	5	&#((>'				5	 1.		,,55			 			58	&#((!'				  %(     	  4.   5 ;		 7 5	 	 1. 5 8  	 	 5 	7 	 		 59	<(5		79		 	 	 8B	 5  			5	 5   						558  		 ,,  5    	  	 5  	 		  	8*;		1.=5	 								8				 	5	;		7	8	5 =5		  		 &887   		 	;'  	 	 			 	 ,, &	5	#((>'7: 5	8*5  	5E83	7	 			"%(	&7	7		'7%(7!"			 			1	"72568 #% ((7#(((7	&	#((!'8	5 	 58  ;7 	 	 5      =5		    		E8A5		5	5  	5  5						58  		          	 =5558 5	  8 &	 '    	  	 	 & 5'   			 	 =555 	5   5 5 	 	 8 * 	  ;		? 	 	   	 	 7 5  	5 	   	  	 		  	 		   G  9 	    	 		 	5   	 	 58 	 	  5  	 	? 8 	 	    #8 	 	  7 5  	 8 * 5  	    	 	5 & 	  ' 	5   	 	 55 ; 	   	 	 5 	 C 	5 	  :  : 2047 ; 	7  5   8  	=555		55					9 		5#(#%N58*				   5  	  	 		   	 		 7   	5		5	@8 3#	!	 *  	    B 		     5 	        		  	57 	5	 	    		=555			85	74		    	     5  	  	   5 5	:5	8 ,	5&	54		 &* '   5	    5   		      0  		  -8 * 5	          5			55	79		5	  	 5     	  7 	  7 9	  	 5 9 5  ;		8 * 		  		 7     7 	 5 	 	   5	   5   	5     	 98 		7 							55				 8*9		4/			5 	   		  	57  	 	  	  2		 + /7	8*5			 55			8*	 75		&#((!'7	5	0- 5	8 45		2	7+	7 7 5	 9 * * 55 	=58 3	         	 	55			7			5	 	=5	9			;8/			5	 ,5			5		;7							    	 	  	 %(8*		 	 	   7  			57		8  		5		5755	 		 &'9		9	=5	7	 8*						   			 	; &887 A( 		'7  		 		8 		 	  	555@@		5		;		&58#((%'8#! /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ /59	5	84	5		      5 	  7 55   58 3	 	  	  =5		     5 	7  55 	   	8 	   5	 55 	   5	    	  				7		75,, &	#((!'8 557	55	5757	  5 4/ E8 *	   		5 	 ,,7 5  9     				5			&#((#'8 +75,, 5  	5	 	 	 						4/83	5  	 9   	  	 	79     5	;			5		7 5			F			8 		995		 	 	 	 8 		   5 5  	5 		 	5	7  	 5 	5 	    ;	 5 57 5  		57		"	8;		5	   9	  		5 	: 	 	 		 	5   	 	 &887 "N 	5  8  "	 	'  5	 &	 8 	  55'7  	 	;5   	  	 5 5 &887 	 		' 5		 58;	 &1#((%'57				9  57  		7 	 	 	 	 	 	7 7  	   0-: E	  4/   7 	5	 	   5		 	 555	8 ,		 35	99C9	7/7$	5	70	9K*4		 			58 	 	7 87 #((#8  	  ,	 		  	 V >? $	      55?    5	 			 9 	4	 $57 8	  *8C84	7/847 1837 		  $$7.8(&"'8<!8 	7875	7B8$87#((>8,	5		=59**55		8>?9 **55? 	 	5	 55	8	*8C8 4	7		$$7.8#&'8(>("8 	7875	7B8$87#((>8			;55		8>?9 **55? 	 	5	 55	8	*8C8 4	7		$$7.8#&'8( 8 	7 87 +7 C8C87 4	7 *87 #((>84	   :9 * * 55:8 >? 9 * * 55? 		5	55	8	*8C84	7		 $$7.8#&'8> !<8 	787+7C8C8874	7*8C87.7/87&'8#((#8,		5		 	#(((7%(7(("%(8		7B				5	7.5777>8 	787+7C8C874	7*8C87.7/87#((#8,		5	 		#(((7%(7((7"%(8>?,		5			#(((7%(7 ((7"%(8	8	78+7/8.7		$$7.8(&>'8>8 	7 8 +87 #((!8 	 	  	 	  		 5	8 40 	7 B		  		 5	7.5777<#8 	7 8 +87  4	7 *8 C8 	 8 /		 H: 	 		  5 	  	5	 8 ,		8 7H8+87 /7+8087 84   ?  	   	8 * +57 17BH8 7H887#((!83		#5?7	7	8>?#((?55	4		8 	$8*819708+817818057				77/88" 8 787/	7087$78#((%8*55	?			9	55			 5	848$87#&>'?">>""!8 	7H8)87197.8.87$97.8 87 1		74887#((#8	 ,	    558B8807-*	/57 /<(8" 8!"			 			1	"72568 #" 	7H8)87/72887H	7C8$87/7887#((<84,21-,			 		G*F/-0,1	5	4			,84		/	 	-	@	&4,'7	774,			$7#%8<8 9578"<85			7	7>!"88	8$8	8B880887!"?(<8 	7$8C87/72887	78/87 47 87 #((8 	 	2	,  5		5		5	#(((8>?$#(((39   5   5	84		 	 74,21-, 	4-	   	8 	 $   #((( 7 /-0,17 /-*-$  $,W 97   #(( F/-0,1 984,			$7	778.8"8%8 	7 87 8 * + 	?  		  8 >? 9 *  55? 5	  + 	 8	8+8	7		$$7.8"&<'8<#"8 	787#((85			@7	5		8/	7 B				5	7.577!!8 	78737887+7878$*95	+	8>? 9**55?5	+	8	8+78	708457		$ $7.8"&<'8<8 	7875	7$8B87	7.8745708#((#8		5			@ 	88$58/87%?><><"8 97878?			958*	74		748 7/875	7B8$8#((!80	5	7	5		8/8$8,87#?##8 7C87	7H872	787	7C87C5/	7C87-	@787-7C87$	787#((%8,   	 F5	   25  9  	8 >? 	; ? , 		  #((!8	C874			/5	788#%!#8 7$87&'88	7		4		8-B		47	7-$8 E7287#(((8		?5	81	45	77/8 7$877H87	78#((<8	5/	4?	88*8$8 	8=58	87#>!8 7 87 7 +87 17 87  E	7 87 #((8 *  	 24 		 X 	 	 58  		  	7 		 		5	 		 	: 				8 25	4;	7<8 57381874	7*8C8745708#((%85@@	;						5				 			8	887#>?"8 	7.8%8,5	=5			8,8/87""?<<#8 	7 .8  8 		5  	 	 ? 		   25  *	8C8 	 	87 %<?# >#8 	7.87457087#85	,&	#8'81$/71$/7!8"#8 	7.87457087&'8<8*	=5	81$/4	7.8#!7<( 8 	7.87 378C8 #((>8* 	  		@	  				858/8 	87">?%>%!#8 	7.87378C8#((>8,	,	?7						8,8/87"#?(<8 	7.87/7C8187&'8#((>84					;8,8/87.8"#?(<>>(8 	7.87378C8#((%8B				?3V,8/8/?8 	7 .8737 8C87 457087 #((%8 , 	 ,	?  5: 5	8 		7 7B		  		 5	7 .57 7 8 ?FF88F	;8VL45		X5L.	45		X 5L/5457%>8 	7.8727187	728*87457087#((<8			5		? 		 	 5	 	;		 8 >? 7 /  55 0		   				5	7	28*8	718$82785@9	7/87$88.78K8157 181		S748/57.8	7084573	4	8.8!"88%!#8 	7.87256787+7C8C87378C8737$87K7087 45708#((<8+5	 		8			7>?#>8 	7.87	74870	7870	57*87256787+7C8C87/787-5*-5		7/8/8747/8 1808778757H887.9	7C8/87.7/8737$87457087#((>8*			  	7 !(#(((8 >? 4Y	 		7 6Z  	66  	=5  :5? 5 		Z  7	487/8[708257/8.9	7 0845709667#># E5	#((#7-	 5				556567WWW.7		5	=58.84B, %8 978/87/572875	7B8$87#((<85		7595			8>?*	 		8	B8$85	7		$$7.8&<'8> 8 978/87/572875	7B8$8	85975		7		*A	81 ,	8 ;78487H	7C88#((>8195	7# ?	5			5		5 9	&*	'858/8	87">?!"! <8 ;78487,	7*8,87H	7C887/78C8087378C87787H78#((#8$5	 		4		-7%# 88						 5	88C8	8=58	87%?"<!">"8 07C87378877874	97087 8/5	 	2	?*7 57	58>?9**55?$5		2	,8	08 457*8C84	7084	97C8+7		$$7.8!&%'8"# !8 09728/8#((#8-					98/8,84887##%?%<!<8 0-7#((>8		5				%%80$-/8	?8	\		85870 		-+			#  /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ ,78	8*					9**55E			5	8 	*8C84	7		$$8 ,	7*8,8#((>82		T,5				5					 5				858/8	87">?%!% 8 -7#((<8*	5					8-7$7#8 -F+-0,7#((8$			9		5	*			 	25*	8+5+	7*	7</C5#(((8.8?24F*F!> F-$?	$!8(>8 	7C887 #((>8		  	 	 		5840	7 B		3	7737B7>( 8 	7 $8 87 +7 8 $87 +7 8 87 37 38 8  8 ,  	 	 			   	 ,4		8	8-87"&'?#8 57,88747C887	7808/87 C78$8#((>8			 ?  			8,8/87"<?<">(!8 2		787*578#((>8559	?						8, 	7&<'?8 256787#((%8/598>?5					 , 4		 8 	  8 256  .8 	7 		 7 B		  		 5	7 .5778.8<&'8(!" 7?FF8		858F8 2567 87 	7.87 &'8 #((%8   5	 		  	 	  ,4		8		7B				5	7.5777.8<&'7#<"8 2567 87 +7 8 C8 C87 	7 .87  *	7 8 38 #((!8 ,   	   		7 	7 		7 5		   	 &#	 4' 	988C8	8=58 	87 !<?#>%#%"8 +78#((>8,5	55?9V		$$7#&'?(8 +7 87  	7 87 &'8 8 9  * 55? 5	  + 	 8 		  $$7.5777.8"&<'7!%8?FF8		858F5		F8 +787	7C87 7 87  8H 	  8 >?9* * 55? 5	  	2	8	08457*84	7084	97C8+7		$$7.8 !&%'8 <8 +787	7C87 787  855 	5  	2	5	8 >?9** 55? 5	 	2	 8	08457*84	7084	97 C8+7		 $$7.8!&%'8##!8 +7 87 	7 87 5	7 B8 $87 157 8 87  *57 8 C87 #((%8 4		 7 7 7  55? 		957				8>?4		54:$	9 	,	$		7K@7	7# 7#((%8 +787*578C877C87C7C8*87/@	787/9	7A87#((>8#7(((M?	9			    	 	  4		 8 >? 4	   ! 	  ,	 $	 7.		78 +78$87/578C8#(((8,			4				 	"" 848-87>"?(< >%8 +7 8C87 ;7 8487 ,	7 *8 ,87+7 87 H	7C8 8 #((<8       		 				8,C8/8	87!(&%'?<%(8 +72838"<8 	 		5		 	 	 	 4		83$7"&#'?<< %%8 +7 C8C87 #((<8 	 	 	   5  5	  	8 >? ,  5  5 1? 		 		  	  :9   55:8 	  C8 C8 +7		$$7.8&%'8>8 +7C8C874	7*8C87#((>8	 5	8>?9**55? 		5	55	8	*8C84	7		 $$7.8#&'8"8 +7C8C872567 87 	7 .8 #(("8 ,5	 9 	 		   5 	 25  98,7	8 +7C8C872567 87 	7 .87  *	7 838 #((%8 *   	 		  		   	4		8,/#((%F/?##8 +787#((%8,35		!<7"8>? 5					,4		8	8256.8	7 		7B				5	7.5778.8<&'8  #7?FF8		858F8 +787#((%8,,5	259	!<8>? 5					,4		8	8256.8	7		 7B				5	7.5778.8<&'8 <(%7?FF8		858F8 +@	7887#((%85			 		? 	5		8>?!	 ,5	,	,	T	2?,	,	4	T71	7457 > C5#((%8 +	7$87-@7C8/8187 478/8#((%8 	5	7 		  55 		84	8*8$887 <!(?>"%"8 +	7$8797H87/5	7C8C87	7*87718387/7/87-@7C8874787$	7C877C877 H81872	787+78C87H	9728487	57H877287 378#((>83	  			V-8/87>"?"#(%8 +9	7/8087$	7*8,8#((#8						54		 8/,7#&>'?>8 C7 $87 8+	   5		@	   	 	8 >? 9 * * 55? 5	  +	8	8+78	708457		$$7.8"&<'8<> 8!"			 			1	"72568 # H78$87<8*			5558>?*				8	8$8H,8-8 3	7473	70888>#!8 H7$887#((#8			8>?,	,		8	8+8,	38384	7C 3	7	7BH88#( !#( 8 H	78#((8,		7T557T85>#&#'?!" 8 H	7C88778+87+7W87378C878H	4		8>?, 		/79248.8H2(7"< 88!!%! #8 H	7C887,	7*8,8778+87	708,87378C8#((#8*$91				 4	,4		8,7%?#(##!8 H	7C887H7887;78487/78C8087,	7*8,8778+87378C8#((>8,		 			5				858/8	87">?!(" !8 H7C8 87  *7 $8 !8 	  		   5 5	 	   8+7 5	7$-? 8 17/8,8#((%8		?8	7&!'?>%8 17/8,87 2@@4@7$8 #((!8,5	5	 	 	 	 		8C8,887 (?!!"8 		??FF8	585F]EF188 1	787	7.8745708	8			9		8,8/8 1578%8	5	5	848-87<!?""!"8 15788#((>8		58		$$7#&'?>!8 /7 487 "80	  5		  		 5?    		 8 >?0	  5				5?	?#3			7 088+97088	7827C8857	75	755!7$-74-;<7	7 5	7""88#(8 /9	78#(((8	5@@;		557			5		8,	 /	7#!?%%" 8 /9	7 8 #((8 	   			 9?   ; 	 		 	8 ,	 /7 #"&>'?%<<%>%8 /9	7877C81874	7C8H877$8#((<8=5	5	5		 ;				8/	/	7?!!! 8 /9	787.7/874	7*8737877H87"8,					 5	5		8>?		5$		/	 ,7797B7<!8!7B		9248.8H2"(88 "<">8 /7878,					+	5	95		8>?9**55?5	 +	8	8+78	708457		$$7.8"&<'8> %%8 /7 87 #((>80	 		 	 	 	8 >? 9 * * 55?  	  	5	55	8	*8C84	7		$$7.8 #&'8>>>8 /7 87  37 8 87  8 ,		 		 	 	 	  	  2	8 >? 9 * * 55? $5	  	2	8	08457*84	7084	97 C8+7		 $$7.8!&%'8>%>!8 /7 8 087 37 8 C87 	7 87 7 *87  	7 $87 #((8 	5	 		  	  	  2	 5	,	,	8>?$#(((395 5	84			74,21-,	4-		8	$ #(((7/-0,17/-*-$$,W97#((F/-0,1984,			$7 	778.8"8!8 /7 8C8087 #((#8 .		 	 	9 	 5	      .5 ? 	  	 		840	7B				5	7.5777%!8 /78C8087	7887378C877*87	7$87#((#8	5						  2	  5	 ,  ,	8 >? * 5    		 5		  	  5 		8 	  *8 C8 4	  H8 18 7 		 7 B		  		 5	7.5777		$$	55-		 B	 	8.8(&#'8!#<8 /7 8C8087 ,	7 *8 ,8717 87H	7C8 8737 8C87 7 8+8 #((%8 	  5		7 	 	97  		  	  	  	      4		8 8 C8 	8 =58 	87 !#?<#(<<!8 /	7/87#((>8				8>?/	$?25		70	B8	C8 807473	70888##(8 /		,	7	8*			8.		77739	48 /7*8757381874	7*8C8#((!8.5		5			?5@@				58C8 		87! ?#(##8 	7$8,87/57*8#((<855		84888	8B7((?&'?!<"(8 7 /87  )57 8 #((<8 ,		 	    C 	7 #	 "7 	  5 5	H5	;	8	8-87#?8 -57,848!8*8	7!>?#!##"(8 -97*887457087&'88*	9:4	3		57	 	 >!7 # 		8 		 7 B		  		 5	7.57 7 7 		  $$7.8"&>'7<"8 45708%8					8*,8,87(&('?><(><(&'8 457087 &'8  8B,	,	5	 5	;		5		58 		$$7.5777.8!&#'7> 8?FF8		858F5		F8<( /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ 457087	7.8%84	5	=5	5			857<">?#%%#%"8 457087	7.87&'8!8/4		8		$ $7.5777.8>&'7<8?FF8		858F5		FF88 457087 	7 .87 #((#8 ,8 >?+9 	  		7 .8 #8	 48+ C808 $7945		7-;8.8#8###"8 45708737$8#((%895		:/			;:5			84	8*8 $88?	8	87<!(?>%>#<8 457087	7.87378#(((8,7,	7,5				8 ,C8/8	87%"?!""(!8 4570874	7*8C874	97087 +7C87 &'8  89**55?$5	  	 2	 8 		  $ $7 .57 7 7 .8 ! &%'7  8 ?FF8		858F 5		F8 457087	7.8707C877$87*78C8 8		8	7#"? !( !<8 45708747/81877$877487.9	7/874	97087378#((8			=5	 88C8	8=58	87% ?%!#8 4	7C8H877C8187/9	7877$8087 05	708,8 #((%8	 9	9 	 ?			58,8/87 >?###> 8 4	7*877$87#((>8		5			? :4:8>?9* * 55?  	   	  5	    55 	 8 	  *8 C8 4	7		$$7.8#&'8#< 8 4	7*8757,87*5E	7487#((#8		5	+H:	? 		/4 58		7B				5	7.577		$$7 (&<'8! 8 4	7*8C87 85	95	8>?9**55?$5	 	2	8	08457*8C84	7084	97C8+7		$$7.8!&%' 8>"8 4	7 *8 C8 8 $	7  	 	 	=5  		7  	 		     5  	 		8-			57>"8 4	7*8C8#((8		5	V$5	    558,887 &#'?!( !"8 4	7*8C87#((#8-	5						5	8>?$	55? 5				9 	4	$578	*84	7/8471837		 $$7.8(&"'8#8 4	7*8C87#((>83:-1.:?			5	5			8>?9**55? 		5	55	8	*8C84	7		 $$7.8#&'8" 8 4	7 *8 C8 #((%8 9**55?   	 				  		   	    8 4		*	*$	?7<!(?("#8 4	7*8C8737$87#(((8*	#?,			;		 	8>?/5					8		$$7 .5778.8 &#'8>(%<8 4	7*8C874	9708#((8$4+?		 	=55  5			5 		8	8 $87>?#%%#"(8 4	7*8C877H8187&'8#((#8*5		5			  5 		8 		  $ $     	55 -		   B	 	7 .577.8(&#'7%!8?FF8		858F5		F8 4	7 *8 C87 57 ,8 87  +57 *8 #((#8 	  	  9 			  5	 	  	5	8>?				 $$=5	+	 &$+'7$77 ,C8/8	87%?"#!8 4	7*8C87H	99	708747287&'8#((!8,5			B5	 		8		$$7*		7B				5	7.5777.8 >&#'7>"8 4	7 *8 C87 .7 /87 +7 87 	7 87  +7 87 #((#8 	 5	       		 5	   5 8 >? 	 5	        		 5	   5 8 	  *8 4	7 /8 .7 8 +78	78+7		$$7.8(&'8 (!8 4	7*8C8737$877$87. ^7+8725678#((#8,			5	 ?	8			7<?<"<<8 4	7 *8 C87 	7 8 +87 1@7 +87 57 38 187  97 C8 #((%8 ,5	    	7 		  5	5					8,/#((%_/?#>?!8 4	7C8C87 #((#8		  ,	  		  	   	  9  	+		8 >? 4	-074					,;7	.8	728$97C8 18/72 `7,57> 0#(((74,B		$$8.8#88#>#%8 4	97087#((%805			4		-,	,	8 >?     5	 		  	 	  ,4		 8	  8 256.8	7		7B				5	7.5778.8<&'8"#(!7 ?FF8		858F8 4	97087  	7 87 #((8 		  ? 	  	7 	 	  	 5	 	455737"(8	88$8$8&!'?<<8 $738,8#((!8	5			8>?B7.57B$7%#&>'?7(8 $738 ,87 #((!8+557   		7  	5  	4		 8 >? #((?  55  	4		 8	  $8 *819708+817  818057 	 		 	7 7 /88>%%8!"			 			1	"72568 < 7 87 	7 C87  +7 87  8 		 9   5	8 >? 9 * * 55? 5	  	 2	 8	08457 *84	7084	97 C8+7 		  $$7.8!&%'8##!8 78H87378487/787)57$8187378#((#8/			 @			?58=58,87<!&'? %%8 	7887-:77C8/87@7H8!85			?	>!%8- *//37#<?%(8 7$873		708747287#((<855	55	?	7 		5 558 >? 	5?  5 	8	+8/8	C7$ 	7,5	45	7*88("#<8 7$87#((#8+?	5		4	$598>?$	 55?    5	 			 9 	4	 $57 8	  *84	7/847 1837 		$$7.8(&"'8<"< 8 7 $87  4	7 *8 C87 #((>8 , 	5	   ,	 ? 	  8 		 7 B				5	7.57		$$7#&<'8(<8 5	7B8$8#((>8					8			7%?<#<><8 5	7B8 $8 #((>8 	 	 	: 5 	 		?    	5	8 		  $$7#&'?#<8 5	7B8$87#((>8+5 	8>?9**55?  	  	5	55	8	*8C84	7		$$7.8 #&'8(<8 5	7 B8 $8 #((%8 0	 	 	 	  		     	 58/8,84887<((?#"# #8 5	7B8$87#((%8							5	8>?395	 				70978 5	7B8$87378#((%8		5	?	5		8,	,	7%#?<%>#8 5	7B8$87.7C871	57)8	84								5	8/	4	8 57387 "8	8*97.58<#(8 @	@7C8/87/0728/8%80		5	55		0 !< 	8A5$7>>&#%"#!!'8 *7C873	@7H87.5	7C8727/877487/78#((!8*				?5	 5	: 	  	 8 $		 48 ?FF88F5F#((!F		 	#((!8 *	783871		74887/9	787.7/887	78/874570878, 				G				8		 7.577"&'8(!8 *	783871		74887.7/87/9	787	78/874570878,		  			   	 		 ? 	   	 8 >? ,   		/79248.8H2(88!(!8 *7 $8 18 #((#8   		5 		5	  5 		  5			8 ,	 ,	7 >?<#<>>8 *7$818#((<8$			4				88,87"&<'?!8 .7/874	7*8C87#((#8+						5	8>? 	5			5	58 *84	7/8.78+78	78+7		$$7.8(&'8!(!"8 .7/87/9	7877H8745708"8*				? 		8,8/87((?#%<>8 397/87$7387!8-5		?5	5	,8*		 	7	45	72	78!(8 37 87 8 		 	 	   		 		?    	   	 		 5	840	7B				5	7.578 37887 8	5;			5			5	&'8>?9* * 55? 5	  	  2	 8 	  08 457 *8 4	7 08 4	97  C8 +7 		$$7.8!&%'8%!!#8 3787H	7C88#((85		F	E5	5	5	?			 		88C8	8=58	87% ?<%(8 37 87 457 087  	7 .8 8 ,? 4		   	  	 	 		  ;	7				8,7#?%<%%>8 378C87 8,	,?			8>?B,	,	5	5	 ;		 5		 58	 08457 		 7B		  		 5	7 .57 7 7.!*K>8.8!78#8% 8 378C87/5	7C8C8!8198$8		8	87!?#%<"8 378C87/78C8087#((>8		84	B		474	-;8< 8 378C87 788 #((>8	  	    		 48 >? 4	53		$81/		57%"#((#77	758 /8	87">?> >(8 378C87	7.8745708"855		;	 	 8$8		8	87"?<"#8 37 8C87457087 	7.87  8,?     		 	  	 	 		;	7				8.8,8/8 F?>7#( 8<# /1	 		!#		$%	3	$ 378C87	7.87457087#((#8		5					7  5			8 >? * 5    		5		 	  5 		8 	*8C84	H8187		7B				5	7.5777		 $$	55-		B		8.8(&#'8%8 3708/87/7288 8		5			4		-8>?,			 5	5	5	97	$8C8	288/7 88458	8=58	87( ?<%<"8 39	787#((81	?   	  5	8/	7B				 5	7.5778 37$8745708#((8						857>>&! !<'?%<>%<!8 3	9	78,87+9	7/8087$	7*8,8#((%8B9				 		5	8-H-7( &'? % 8 K7087$	7C8#((>8/		5						8,8 /87"#?>(<>#(8 K7087787457087#((%8$5			B88		 34		7%(#((#8$34		$		/5	7+557(8 K708778745708#((!8$5					7%(#((#8$7 #%?>>%#8 K70877 870	7287 45708 #(("8$		   		  B88  	  	  34		?%(8	8587	8

Cite

Citation Scheme:

    

Usage Statistics

Country Views Downloads
United States 14 0
China 8 16
Canada 3 1
Denmark 1 0
City Views Downloads
Beijing 8 0
Santa Clara 5 0
San Jose 4 0
Vancouver 3 1
Ashburn 2 0
Mountain View 2 0
Unknown 1 0
University Park 1 0

{[{ mDataHeader[type] }]} {[{ month[type] }]} {[{ tData[type] }]}
Download Stats

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/dsp.37052.1-0074752/manifest

Comment

Related Items