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1994 Annual Report Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia; Watts, Susan B. 1995

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Annual Report  Faculty of Forestry  The University of British Columbia Vancouver, B.C.  FORESTRY ADVISORY COUNCIL The Forestry Advisory Council provides advice to the Faculty on curriculum matters and research priorities. Mr. Thomas A. Buell (Chair) President & CEO Weldwood of Canada Ltd.  Mr. Bruce Devitt Executive Vice President Professional Foresters Assn. of B.C.  Mr. Graham Lea Secretary-Treasurer Truck Loggers Association  Mr. T.M. Apsey President & CEO Council of Forest Industries of B .C.  Mr. L. Ron Erickson Executive Director The Nature Trust of B.C.  Mr. George Malpass President Primex Forest Products  Mr. R.B. Findlay President & CEO MacMillan Bloedel Ltd.  Mr. Jake Masselink Asst. Deputy Minister Min. of Environment, Lands & Parks  Mr. Sandy Fulton President & CEO Pacific Forest Products  Mr. Jack Munro Chairman BC Forest Alliance  Dr. Yvan Hardy Asst. Deputy Minister Natural Resources Canada  Mr. Bill Newnes President Newnes Machines  Mr. C.T. Hazel wood President & CEO Northwood Pulp & Timber Ltd.  Dr. Gordon H. Orians Professor Institute for Environmental Studies University of Washington  Mr. Gerry Armstrong Deputy Minister Ministry of Forests Mr. I.K. Barber President, Chair & CEO Slocan Forest Products Ltd. Mr. Spencer B. Beebe President ECOTRUST Dr. Peter J.G. Bentley Chairman & CEO Canfor Corporation Dr. B. Berggren President & CEO Stora Group Executive Management Mr. B o b Bird Vice-President Canwood Mr. Ted Boswell President & CEO E.B. Eddy Corp.  Mr. Kimi Ito President K. Ito & Associates Ltd. Dr. Asa Johal President Terminal Forest Products Mr. Chester Johnson Chairman of the Board Vancouver International Airport  Mr. John Kerr Mr. Pierre Bourdages Chairman & CEO President Lignum Sales Forest Engineering Research Institute Dr. Winifred B. Kessler Dr. Garry Brewer Chair, Forestry Program Dean, School of Natural Resources Natural Resources and University of Michigan Environmental Studies University of Northern B.C. Mr. John Broadhead Director Mr. Henry H. Ketcham, III Earthlife Canada Foundation President & CEO West Fraser Timber Co. Ltd. Mr. Bob Chapman President Dr. Walter Koerner Optimil Machinery Ltd. Vancouver, B.C. Dr. Ian de la Roche Mr. Stuart Lang President Vice Chairman Forintek Canada Corp. Crestbrook Forest Industries Ltd. Mr. Harold Derekson President & Manager Intertribal Forestry Assn.  Dr. Marie Rauter President & CEO Ontario Forest Industry Assn. Mr. Erkki Rautianen President Durand-Raute Industries Mr. Ralph Roberts Director Forestry Section, CIDA Mr. Robert Stewart R.T. Stewart & Associates Mr. Gerry Stoney National President Western Canadian Reg. Council #1 IWA-Canada Mr. Horst Wagner Forestry Advisor World Bank George Weyerhaeuser Jr. President & CEO Weyerhaeuser Canada Dr. Peter E. Wrist President (retired) replaced by Dr. Joseph D. Wright President & CEO Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada  19 9 4 ANNUAL REPORT  Faculty  of  F o r e s t r y  University of British Columbia  April 1, 1 9 9 4 - M a r c h 3 1 , 1 9 9 5  COVER PHOTOGRAPHS  (Clockwise from top left)  • Student exercises at Fall Field school Photo: Donna Goss • Student exercises at Fall field school Photo: Donna Goss • Fourth year class field trip Photo: Sandy Thomson • Carmanah field trip Photo: Donna Goss TEXT PHOTOGRAPHS  UBC Media Services  Editor: Susan D. Watts, Ph.D., R.P.F. Desktop Publisher: Patsy Quay ©1995, Faculty of Forestry University of British Columbia ISSN 1188-9837  Dean's Message STUDENTS AND TEACHING PROGRAMS Undergraduate Students Programs of Study Enrolment Statistics Awards Graduation Statistics  1  4 4 5 6 7  Graduate Students Enrolment Statistics Scholarships and Fellowships Degrees Granted  8 8 9 10  First Nations Forestry and Conservation Programs  12  BC Forestry Continuing Studies Network  13  FACULTY AND FACULTY RESEARCH Office of the Dean Faculty and Staff  14 14  Forest Resources Management Department Faculty and Staff Achievements and Plans  16 17 19  Wood Science Department Faculty and Staff Achievements and Plans  20 21 23  Forest Sciences Department Faculty and Staff Achievements and Plans  24 25 28  Offices, Awards and Distinctions  29  Extramural Funding and Sponsored Research  32  Faculty Publications  38  University Research Forests  46  SPECIAL PROGRAMS International Forestry Programs  47  Centre for Applied Conservation Biology  48  Faculty Development Program  49  Special Lectures  50  TABLE OF CONTENTS  HE FACULTY OF FORESTRY exists to help society solve problems collectively called T "forestry" — the conservation and use of forests and forest products to sustain human material and spiritual welfare. The main way we accomplish this task is through the people we educate — undergraduates for professional careers in land management, graduate students for service in science, and professionals who require updating in the latest scientific information so they can perform their jobs at the high level expected by society. The "student-first" organization of this year's annual report emphasizes the defining role students have in the Faculty. During 1994/95, the Faculty supported students by: • sustaining a high level of performance in teaching, • initiating new programs specifically relevant to current societal needs, • developing a new admissions policy, • raising funds specifically for student aid, and • making new faculty appointments to support our rapidly growing Natural Resources Conservation Program.  DEAN'S MESSAGE  Each of these activities is discussed briefly below.  Sustaining a High Standard of Teaching  Continuous improvement requires regular feedback on performance. Through a formal survey instrument we ask students to evaluate each of their courses each semester. The accompanying figure shows that last year the average for the faculty changed a bit to 2.28 but is still closer to "Very Good" than to "Good". Faculty members receive the results of these evaluations for tlieir courses along with their comparative ranking with others. Teaching performance figures heavily in faculty promotion and salary decisions. Very Good 2.0 -  Good 3.0 80/81 82/83 84/85 86/87 88/89 90/91 92/93 94/95 Student evaluations of Faculty of Forestry teaching 1980/81  -1994/95  (Note: 1 = Excellent, 2 = Very Good, 3 = Good, 4 = Fair, 5 = Poor, 6 = Very Poor)  Increasing the Relevance of Undergraduate Education  The application of advanced technology is critical to the long-term success of Canada's forest products industry, and indeed its economy more broadly. This year, in close cooperation with our Forestry Advisory Council, the Faculties of Forestry and Applied Science developed a new program in wood products processing. In a Canada-wide competition the National Education Initiative of the Wood Products Industry selected this program as the one the Canadian forest products industry would support. The five-year co-op program we proposed will provide the education and experience needed for young people to enter challenging careers in value-added manufacturing industries ranging from high-technology sawmills, remanufacturers, architectural millwork, and die furniture  1994 Annual Report  1  and cabinet industries. By pushing the limits of change, the committee leading this development — Professors David Barrett, Thomas Maness and David Cohen from the Department of Wood Science and Professors Sidney Mindess, Peter Lawrence and Gary Schajer from the Faculty of Applied Science — was able to arrange the program so we can accept the first students in the fall of 1995. Following the successful model of external consultation pioneered in the wood products processing program, we have initiated a "blank page" review of our professional forestry program. A small task foice, led by Professor Gordon Baskerville, has surveyed a wide range of our alumni, members of the ABCPF and other individuals from the natural resource community to determine the most critical needs facing practicing forestry professionals today. The results from this survey, supplemented by focus group analysis, will provide the basis for a complete revision of the program. One possible outcome is a return to the five-year format UBC supported until 1986, but with a postbaccalaureate credential awarded on successful completion of the fifth year. This year we graduated the first students from our B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conservation) program. The enormous interest in the program by excellent students indicates that it is responding to a palpable need. The pioneer graduating class has helped us reflect on the changes needed to hone the program. During the upcoming year we will review the program with the idea of implementing necessary modifications in the fall of 1996. This fall the first students will register in the Diploma in Forestry (Advanced Silviculture) program we now offer in conjunction with the Silviculture Institute of British Columbia. Last August we were able to attract Mr. Gordon Prest as the Faculty's first Coordinator of First Nations Forestry and Natural Resources Conservation programs. Gordon has met with many First Nations groups in the province, and has helped the faculty understand First Nations issues with much greater clarity. You can read more about this important program on page 12.  Modernizing Admissions Standards  In response to greatly increased demand for entry into the Faculty of Forestry, three years ago we were forced to limit admissions into the Forestry and Natural Resources Conservation programs. Demand has steadily risen (we had over 800 applicants last year, but can accept only 85 students into Year 1 of these programs) and with it the minimum grade-point average needed for admissions. Of course, enrolling students with better and better academic qualifications strengthens the profession of forestry. At the same time, we arc certain that this ever-higher grade-point standard excludes some students who would be excellent professionals when measured by such characteristics as leadership, capacity to communicate and perseverance. Combined with the known uncertainties in measuring academic performance by high school grade-point averages (GPAs), these considerations lead us to develop a pilot project for admitting some students on the basis on criteria other than GPA alone. Judging by the overwhelming, favourable public response we have heard, this new policy seems to respond to a clear societal need. We will implement the policy this fall and will discuss the results in next year's Annual Report.  Raising Funds for Student Support  As a result of the excellent prospects for responsible professional employment both during the summer and after graduation (last year 96.9% of our graduates were either employed or studying for advanced degrees; see page 7), students in the Faculty of Forestry face a somewhat smaller financial burden to complete their education than do students in some other faculties. However, steady inflation in the costs of operating the university and less-than-commensurate increases in provincial funding are forcing up the tuition and fees that students must pay. Anticipated cutbacks in the federal support for higher education will put additional upward pressure on tuition costs. In response to these trends, we have heightened our efforts to secure meaningful summer employment for students (especially those in the Natural Resources Conservation program where the pathway to summer jobs is less well trod than it is for Forestry students), and have placed student  2 UBC Faculty of Forestry  support as a prominent need in our faculty development plan. These efforts have been rewarded by five new scholarships: • Backman Awards in Natural Resource Conservation • Janet Ketcham Scholarship for First Nations students • ABCPF First Nations Award • Pacific Regeneration Technologies Silviculture Scholarship, and • Namkoong Family Fellowship and Teaching Exchange & Research Award. One of the most gratifying efforts in this regard is Professor Gene Namkoong's decision to donate $110,000 of his Marcus Wallenberg Prize to the Faculty of Forestry for a graduate fellowship. His generosity was matched by a contribution of $95,000 by the B.C. Ministry of Forests and $50,000 by the Canadian Forestry Service.  New Faculty Appointments  In addition to the new faculty appointments announced last year, Professor David Tindall joined the Faculty with one third of his appointment in the Department of Anthropology and Sociology. We have an active search for a faculty member in the area of conservation planning/policy, and are currently searching for two faculty jointly with Landscape Architecture (one with an interest in landscape-scale forest planning and the other with a site-planning focus). In addition, with the support of the Ministry of Forests, a number of forest products companies, two environmental organizations and NSERC, we are seeking two faculty members in population genetics to deal with education and research in genetic conservation, biodiversity and tree breeding. During the upcoming year we will commence searches for faculty members in forest operations (jointly with the Forest Engineering Institute of Canada), and in advanced wood products processing. This level of faculty renewal — much of it funded outside of the University's budget — will provide die teaching and research strength needed to support our expanding student population. Service through excellence. Putting students first. These themes underlie our capacity to help society solve its forestry problems. Never have these problems been more critical. Young people understand the importance of the forestry problems to our society, and have responded by enrolling in the Faculty of Forestry in record numbers. At the same time, continued pressure on provincial budgets and the impending collapse of federal support for post-secondary education in Canada truly challenge our ability to keep the Faculty's capacity abreast with societal demands. I am personally interested in your thoughts on how we are dealing with these changing demands. You can reach me by telephone at (604) 822-2467, fax at (604) 822-8645, or e-mail at binkley@unixg.ubc.ca. I look forward to hearing from you.  Clark S. Binkley Dean, Faculty of Forestry  1994 Annual Report  3  HE Faculty of Forestry offers a 4-year T degree program in each of the following five areas:  UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS  PROGRAMS OF STUDY  • Forest Resources Management — B.S.F. • Forest Operations — B.SE. • Wood Science and Industry B.Sc. (Forestry). • Forest Science — B.Sc. (Forestry). • Natural Resources Conservation B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conservation).  Forest Resources Management  This major focuses on the multidisciplinary aspects of forest resources biology and management to include resources such as timber, range, wildlife, recreation, fisheries and water. Students deal with the unique characteristics of each resource, their interactions, and the manipulation of forests to yield a variety of desirable products in (lie context of the social and economic environment of Canadian society. The program prepares graduates for careers in responsible integrated forest management as a professional forester.  Forest Operations  KOZAK, A. B.S.F., M.F., Ph.D. Associate Dean, Undergraduate Programs and Academic Affairs  GOSS, Donna E. B.S.F., R.P.F. Coordinator of Student Services  PREST, Gordon W. Coordinator of First Nations Forestry and Natural Resources Conservation Programs  Phone: (604)822-2727 Fax: (604)822-8645  This major prepares the graduate for professional forestry responsibilities, with an emphasis on planning, design and administration of forest harvesting operations. Areas of study include: design and construction of forest roads and drainage structures; selection, planning and supervision of logging systems; site protection and rehabilitation; and the development of computer applications for harvesting systems.  Wood Science and Industry  This major provides a strong technical background in wood as a material and a good understanding of wood products manufacture, marketing, engineering and utilization. There are three areas of concentration: • business management and marketing; • industrial process technology; and • science, engineering and biotechnology. Ihis major will be replaced by the new Wood Products Technology program in the fall of 1996.  Forest Science  This major is for students interested in more specialized study of the scientific principles related to the growth, development and ecology of forest species. Emphasis is placed on basic  4  UBC Faculty of Forestry  and interactional phenomena that influence the establishment, growth and development of trees and other forest resources. These include genetics, soils, weather and climate, tree form, tree function, ecology, microbiology and other foundation courses in entomology, pathology, silvics, silviculture and fire science.  Natural Resources Conservation  This program prepares students for careers in the conservation of renewable natural resources, the management of protected areas, and planning for the integrated use of forests and associated wildlands. Students leave the program with an appreciation for the socioeconomic and biological environments in which decisions concerning the management of protected areas are made, and a working knowledge of technologically advanced tools and quantitative techniques available to renewable resource planners and managers.  PROGRAM CHANGES IN 1994-95 The fourth year of the Natural Resources Conservation degree program was offered, with a small group of students completing their programs. Several forest technology graduates entered the new three-year degree program in Forest Operations.  PLANS FOR 1995-96 The Faculty will implement a new broaderbased admissions policy for applicants to the B.S.F. degree programs from high school. This policy will allow for approximately 15% of the students to be admitted on the basis of supplementary criteria. We will monitor the progress of these students to determine the success of the broader-based admissions. We will complete the professional curriculum review of the B.S.F. degree programs, with possible recommendations for some curriculum revision, and also begin a curriculum review of the Natural Resources Conservation degree program. In preparation for the introduction of the new Wood Products Technology program in 1996/97, we will teach a modified curriculum for the first two years of the existing Wood Science and Industry program. The modified curriculum will allow students to enter the program in the 1995/96 session.  Total Enrolment Enrolment for undergraduate students (in all four years of die forestry programs) is up again this year from 400 to 452 students. The graph below illustrates the past five years' trend in enrolments:  Distribution of students among programs 1994/95 Program Forest Resources Management Forest Operations Forest Science Wood Science and Industry Natural Resources Conservation Undeclared* *First year students.  Total  Number enrolled 201 25 25 33 81 87  % of total 44.5 5.5 5.5 7.3 17.9 19.3  452  100  Female students represented 31 per cent of die above total, up from 29.5 per cent last year and 14 per cent in 1990. Total enrolment and new enrolment 1990/91 -1994/95 The following chart shows the distribution of undergraduate students by year of program.  New Student Enrolment One hundred and seventy-nine new undergraduate students entered die faculty during 1994/95. The numbers entering into the different years are tabulated below: New students entering the Faculty 1994/95 Year of study  I n in Total  1  2  3  4  Number of new students entering 87 68 24 179  The average entering GPA from all pathways was 70.8%. Thirty per cent of die new students entered directly from high school and 70 per cent from post-secondary institutions.  Year o f Study  Enrolment by year of study 1994/95 As seen in die following table, the majority of our undergraduates are enrolled in the Forest Resources Management program. The Natural Resources Conservation program has die second highest enrolment. Source of incoming students 1990/91 -1994/95  1994 Annual Report 5  ENROLMENT STATISTICS Undergraduate Students  Scholarships and Fellowships Awarded, 1994 First Year Students  Campbell, A.E. Dekens, C.J. Fletcher, J.G. Gawalko, L.M. Gelbart, G. Gold, L.G. Mohoruk, B.J. Mui, K.L. Pena, C.M. Scott, W.L. West, J.E. AWARDS Undergraduate Students  Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. Kapoor Singh Siddoo Scholarship. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. H.R. MacMillan Scholarship • Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. H.R. MacMillan Scholarship • Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship.  Second Year Students  Andrews, M M. Bontkes, R.P. Boyland, M.N. Calabrese, M.D.  Harco, M.E. Nienaber, G.W. Paterson, L.J. Sommerfeld, B.H. Sorg, J.M. Walsh, H. Wilson, S.R.  H.R. MacMillan Scholarship • Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship. Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship. Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship. Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship • David Bell Little Memorial Scholarship. Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship. Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship. H.R. MacMillan Scholarship • Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship. Truck Loggers Association Scholarship • H.R. MacMillan Scholarship. Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship. H.R. MacMillan Scholarship • Ted Johnson Scholarship. Kapoor Singh Siddoo Scholarship.  Third Year Students  Craigie, G.J. Ilarrod, K.M. Hashizume, R.Y. Illes, J.S. Johnsrude, A.N. Kirkham, C.A. Law, S.S.Y. Lim, B E. Recknell, G.M. Robinson, J.A. Rooke, D.S. Slaymaker, H.R. Walters, F.G.  Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship. Backman Scholarship in Forest Resource Management. Mary and Robert Wellwood Memorial Scholarship. Truck Loggers Association Scholarship • Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship. John E. Bier Memorial Prize. Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship • J. Stuart Hanna Prize. Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship. Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship. Gait Flkington Memorial Scholarship. Robert J. Craig Memorial Scholarship • Machinery & Supply Companies Group Forestry Scholarship. Northwood Pulp and Timber Limited Scholarship • Timberline Scholarship • Phil Haddock Prize. Barry English Memorial Award • University of B.C. Forestry Alumni Division Scholarship. Charles and Jane Banks Foundation Scholarship.  Fourth Year Students  Baumber, S.W. Brown, S.M. Dickie, A.J. Douillard, D.J. Foumier, B.J. Rouck, K B. Temple, S.P.  6  Best Graduating Essay Association of B.C. Professional Foresters. Best Graduating Thesis Association of B.C. Professional Foresters. Forest History Prize. H.R. MacMillan Prize in Forestry. Harry Hobson Memorial Prize. H.R. MacMillan Prize in Forest Harvesting. Canadian Institute of Forestry Medal • Honours Standing.  UBC Faculty of Forestry  Degrees Conferred, May 1994 and November 1994 Congregations B.S.F. Forest Resources Management Allen, N.L. Andermatt, D.J. Atkinson, K.D.A. Baumber, S.W. Boulet, C.G. Bradley, B.E.S. Brown, S.M. Carmichael, J.M. Carter, D.S. Childerley, R.J. Dickie, A.J. Donovan, J.M. Elstone, D.O. Fleischer, K.A. Fournier, B.J. Fredrickson, U.S. Gammie, K.R. Gartshore, K.II. Gash, M.G. Gillett, G.E. Hislop, G.C. Johnson, R.R. Jorimann, R.D. Joyce, A.E. Kendall, K.E. Kohlberger, F.L. Kozak, M. Kozuki, S.F. La Haie, B.W. Labelle, J.R. Ladyman, J.J. Ladyman, S.A.  Lawrence, K.E. Leong, M.A. Lewis, D.G. Little, K.A. Macintosh, M.F. Mamchur, S.P. Mariotto, M.R. McArthur, D.B. McDowell, J.H. McLeod, J.A. Miller, C.L. Nielsen, A.C. Paulin, M. Penninga, T.J. Roberts, J.D. Schulz, M.D. Smestad, B.T. Speed, M.D. Spence, S.J. Staff, W.R. Swab, T.S. Takarabe, J.M. Taylor, G.J. Temple, S.P. Teschke, E.R. Tremblay, D.R. Vigano, J.T. Wait, H.J. Wery, P.B. Wilder, N.A. Yacyshen, T.  B.S.F. Forest Operations Andersson, K.L. Briscoe, R.G. Byng, D A. Campbell, C.L. Harris, H.M. Karassowitsch, D.F. Louwerse, D.A. Rittich, C.G. Rouck, K.B.  B.Sc. (Forestry) Wood Science and Industry Bae, J.E. Douillard, D.J. Evans, M.D. Goodison, A.J. Khun Khun, D.S.H. Spagnut, M.W. Wilson, S.D.  B.Sc. (Forestry) Forest Science  GRADUATION STATISTICS Undergraduate Students  Banford, L.J. Brewer, R.G.W. Gillies, C.T. Kubien, D.S. Loeb, B. Parker, R.M. Poole, B.M. Vasily, J.L.  Number of Graduates  Unemployed 2  A d v a n c e d Studies 6  Temporarily Employed 5  Number of students graduating 1984 - 1994  Employment survey of 1994 graduates (64 of the 87 graduates responded)  1994 Annual Report 7  Graduate Programs  GRADUATE STUDENTS  The Faculty of Forestry offers four graduate degrees: • Doctor of Philosophy — Ph.D. • Master of Forestry — M.F. • Master of Science — M.Sc. • Master of Applied Science — M.A.Sc.  Enrolment Trends  ENROLMENT STATISTICS  The Forestry Graduate Program has grown in student numbers by 73 per cent over the past decade. Today there are 180 graduate students registered in the Faculty. The graph below illustrates the distribution of these students between the different degree programs. The greatest growth has been in the number of Doctoral students — in 1983 there were only 32, today there are 76 students enrolled in the program. In this same period the number of Masters students has risen from 70 to 104.  The proportion of female Forestry graduate students is 29 per cent of the Masters and 13 per cent of the Ph.D. students, for an overall average of 22 per cent. The following table shows enrolment data for 1994/95. Graduate student enrolment Degree  Female  Total  66 3 14 57  10 1 1 28  76 4 15 85  140  40  180  Male  Ph.D. M.A.Sc. M.F. M.Sc. Total  1994/95  As of October, 1994.  The proportion of graduate students from outside of Canada has remained fairly constant over the past few years and presently stands at 46 per cent of Doctoral and 26 per cent of Masters students. A total of twenty-four countries are represented in die graduate student body.  200  180  Graduate Student Funding  160 McLEAN, John A. B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. Associate Dean, Graduate Studies & Research  In die 1994/95 academic year, Forestry graduate students were awarded support totalling $1,699,781, an increase of 2.5% over 1993/94 funding levels. This was made up from $990,067 in scholarship funding, $184,088 in graduate teaching assistantships and $525,626 in graduate research assistantships (provided by research supervisors from their research grants).  140 120 100 80 60  40  Graduate student enrolment and funding  20 84/85 86/87 88/89 90/91 92/93 94/95 Masters Phone: (604)822-6177  Ph.D. •  Total •  Graduate student enrolment 1984/85 -1994/95  Fax: (604)822-8645 E-mail: gradfor@unixg.ubc.ca  8  UBC Faculty of Forestry  Department  No. graduate students  Total funding  Forest Resources Management Forest Sciences Wood Science  68 72 40  $452,396 $722,211 $537,174  MASTERS STUDENTS UGF FERIC McPhee McPhee NSERC UGF GREAT McPhee Korean Weyerhaeuser Lumber VanDusen Fort Nelson Indian Band Commonwealth Duff, J. NSERC Fuchs, M. Forestry Faculty Goh, S. Goodison, A. Forestry Faculty  Atwood, L. Bennett, D. Bogle, T. Brett, R. Brewer, R. Budge, S. Bullock, C. Calendino, M. Choi, J. Clouston, P. Courchene, T. Danninger, C. Dickie, A.  UGF Gyula, G. McPhee Hafer, M. Allen, Cochran Hanel, C. VanDusen He, M. McPhee Hoffert, C. Johnson, D. Forestry Faculty Korean Kim, S-H. Forintek Lee, L. UGF Li, M. Lin, Y. McPhee Lisgo, K. McPhee, Backman, Bassett MacKenzie, K. Forestry Faculty McCormick, J. Hoffmeister McKinnon, L. NSERC Morrison, J. Hanson, McPhee Nelson, S. Heller Norlin, P. Swedish  VanDusen Oriente, D. Parker, R. Forestry Faculty McPhee Pavel, M. NSERC Rouck, K. Sanchez-Mayoral, C. Spanish Sharp, N. NSERC GREAT Smith, R. Sun, L. Buckland Thomas. K. Forestry Faculty McPhee Wang, K. CSU Wahbe, T. Wind, E. CFP, UGF Yatich, S. World Bank CIDA Yawalata, D. CIDA Yong, T. GREAT Zabek, L. McPhee Zheng, Y. UGF Zhong, J.  AND  DOCTORAL STUDENTS Abraham, L. Andison, D. Chang, X. Cherry, M. Clark, D. Cumming, S. Defretes, Y. Duralia, T. Eagen, R. Gao, Y. Huggard, D. Kayahara, G. Kinyua, P. Kiskchuk, B. Kozak, R.  UGF NSERC GREAT GREAT Fletcher* Tri-Council CIDA NSERC GREAT UGF Tri-Council GREAT CIDA McPhee Forintek, UGF  GREAT Lau, W. GREAT Li, K. Fletcher** Liu, G. Forintek Liu, R. UGF Lu, J. MacDicken, K. UGF Mansfield, S. Forestry Faculty Markham, J. UGF Martin, V. GREAT UGF Matakala, P. Mcintosh, R. UGF GREAT Mitchell, S. Mitchell-Banks, , P. VanDusen UGF Mooney, R. NSERC Nelson, K.  Sahajananthan, S. VanDusen Sheng, T. VanDusen McPhee Singh, R. Japan Shishido, M. Steeger, C. McPhee Tri-Council Sutherland, G. Temesgen, H. MacMillan UGF Teter, D. Commonwealth Thomas, L. GREAT Van Ham, M. Wang, X. GREAT UGF Wang, Y. UGF White, J.B. Zhong, A. Forestry Faculty  Full Name of Award George S. Allen Memorial Scholarship. Backman Scholarship in Forest Resource Management. Edward, W. Bassett Memorial Scholarship in Reforestation. Don Buckland Memorial Scholarship in Forest Pathology. California State University Forgivable Loan/Doctoral Incentive Program. CFP - Canadian Forest Products Ltd. Fellowship in Forest Wildlife Management. CIDA - Canadian International Development Agency Scholarship. Ralph M. and Elizabeth E. Cochran Scholarship. Commonwealth Scholarship.  SCHOLARSHIPS  Fletcher* Challenge Canada Ltd. Fellowship in Silviculture. Fletcher** Challenge Canada Ltd. Fellowship in Forest Resource Management. Special Forestry Faculty Scholarship. Forintek Canada Corporation Fellowship in Wood Science and Wood Products. Fort Nelson Indian Band Postsecondary Funding. GREAT - Graduate Research Engineering and Technology Awards. Brenda Hanson Memorial Scholarship in Forestry. Paul Heller Fellowship. Bert Hoffmeister Scholarship in Forest Wildlife. Japan Scholarship.  Korean Government Fellowship Award. Lumber Inspectors' Benevolent Society Scholarship. MacMillan Bloedel Limited Fellowship in Forest Mensuration. Donald S. McPhee Fellowship. NSERC - Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. Spanish Ministry of Education and Science Scholarship. Swcdish-American Foundation Scholarship. Tri-Council Eco-Fellowship. UGF - University Graduate Fellowship. VanDusen Graduate Fellowship. Weyerhaeuser Fellowship in Wood Design Management. World Bank Scholarship.  1994 Annual Report  9  FELLOWSHIPS Graduate Students  Degrees Conferred, May 1994 and November 1994 Congregations  M.F. COPITHORNE, Robert Dr. G.G. Young Effect of yarding operations on log recovery value. FINN, Steven Dr. J.D. Nelson The influence of cut-block size and adjacency rules on harvest levels and road networks.  DEGREES GRANTED Graduate Students  GOUDIE, Derek Dr. D.H. Cohen Market survey of California furniture manufacturers. KOHLER, Chris Dr. T.P. Sullivan Influence of large-scale food supplementation on diversity of rodent communities. LILIEFNA, Leonard Dr. J.D. Barrett Structural property relationships for Canadian dimension lumber.  RIEL, Bill Dr. PL. Marshall Sampling heights of second-growth coastal Douglas-fir in fixed area plots.  LOEWEN, Kurt Dr. G.C. van Kooten Winter recreational demand and multiple use in the Revelstoke/Golden region of B.C.  M.A.Sc.  McINTOSH, Rory Dr. J.A. McLean Dispersal and development of die striped ambrosia beetle Trypodendron Iin eatum (Oliv.) in industrial sorting and storage areas.  GRIFFIN, Helen Dr. J.D. Barrett An examination of property relationships in die Canadian machine stress rated lumber ingrade program.  MENGICH, Edward Dr. T.M. Ballard The effect of season and shrub-grass combination on the fodder quality of diree agroforestry plant species grown in Maseno, Western Kenya.  M.Sc.  MORGAN, Jeffrey Dr. F.L. Bunnell Factors influencing summer habitat use of black-tailed deer on Soudi-Central Vancouver Island.  BYFORD, Geoffrey Dr. J.A. McLean Warren's collar weevil in lodgepole pine stands in the Kispiox Forest District. CHRISTIE, Dave Mr. G.G. Young Assessing die accuracy of digital elevation models when used for deflective line analysis. DANIELS, Lori Dr. K. Klinka Structure and regeneration of old-growth Thuja plicata stands near Vancouver, British Columbia. DUFF, Julie Dr. P.J. Dooling Total resource design: Documentation of a mediod and a discussion of its potential for application in British Columbia. FENG, Yan Dr. P.R. Steiner Relating pressure response profile during hot pressing to property development in flakeboard.  10 UBC Faculty of Forestry  PATTERSON, Thomas Dr. R.D. Guy Variation in nitrogen and water relations traits between two boreal spruce species from an interacting resource gradient in northern British Columbia. RANSOME, Douglas Dr. T.P. Sullivan Food limitation and habitat preference of northern flying squirrels and red squirrels. RUNCIMAN, Bruce Dr. TP. Sullivan Influence of conifer release treatments on habitat structure and small mammal populations in south-central British Columbia. THOMAS, Ian Dr. T. Maness An approach to automated product valving for real-time valve optimization systems. VON TREBRA, Charlotte Dr. T. Sullivan Relationships of small mammal populations to uniform even-aged shelterwood systems.  WOODS, Alex Dr. B. van der Kamp The behaviour and impacts of Armillaria ostoyae in mature stands and plantations in the Shuswap Region of British Columbia. WANG, Sen Dr G.C. van Kooten Old-growth forests for wilderness preservation and timber production in British Columbia: a goal programming model. WU, Xiaomei (Non-thesis).  Dr. D.L. Golding  WOOD, Paul Dr. P.J. Dooling The priority of biological diversity conservation in forest land-use decision-making. XU, Wei Dr. P.R. Steiner Horizontal density distribution of particleboard: origin and implications. ZHANG, Daowei Dr. P.H. Pearse Implications of tenure for forest land value and management in British Columbia.  Ph.D. DEGREES  DAI, Chunping Dr. P.R. Steiner Modelling structure and processing characteristics of a randomly-formed wood-flake composite mat.  GRANTED Graduate  HARTLEY, Ian Dr. S. Avramidis Characterization of water in wood below the fiber saturation point.  Students  JEONG, Cheol Dr. L. Paszner Study of fermentability of pretreated acid catalyzed organosolv saccharification (ACOS) hydrolysate by Saccharomyces diastaticus highly flocculating yeast. MacDICKEN, Kenneth Dr. T.M. Ballard Sustainability of Leucaena leucocephala fallows in shifting cultivations on the island of Mindoro, Philippines. NERCESSIAN, George Dr. D.L. Golding Renovation of wastewater by a short rotation intensive culture hybrid poplar plantation in Vernon, B.C. SOONHUAE, Prachote Dr. 0. Sziklai Estimation of genetic variation in Thailand rosewood (Dalbergia cochin-chinensis Pierre). TAK, Kwang-Il. Dr. R. North Foreign direct investment in the forest resource development in the Russian Far East and its implications for Japanese and Korean log markets.  1994 Annual Report  11  ITH the formal recognition of aboriginal W rights by the B.C. Provincial Government and die imminent resolution of the  FIRST NATIONS FORESTRY & CONSERVATION PROGRAMS  aboriginal land question dirough die interim measures and B.C. Treaty Processes, the B.C. First Nations people will be influencing resource management decisions in the future much more than they have in die past. To date, very few aboriginal people have received formal training and education in forestry or other natural resource sciences. This has restricted dieir ability to participate effectively in provincial land management decision making and resource harvesting activities. There is clearly a strong need to have professionally trained First Nations Foresters and Natural Resource Managers in diese fields. As a first step in meeting this need, the Vancouver Foundation and the Ministry of Forests are supporting a program to increase First Nations participation in the programs being offered in the Faculty of Forestry. The program was officially established on August 15, 1994 widi the appointment of Gordon W. Prest as the First Nations Coordinator. Mr. Prest is of Coast Salish ancestry from die Sto:lo people and comes widi over 25 years of related experience as a Forest Ranger and Operations Manager widi die Ministry of Forests and five years as a First Nations Educator with the Nicola Valley Institute of Technology. We have designed a coordinated program of activities to meet the needs for professionally trained First Nations people in the natural resource science fields. The program: • Reaches potential First Nations students widi accurate information on careers in forestry and conservation, • Facilitates die entry of First Nations students into the UBC Faculty of Forestry programs, • Supports First Nations students while in study at UBC, and assists graduating students in career counseling and job placement.  Gordon W. Prest Coordinator of First Nations Forestry & Natural Resources Conservation Programs  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1994-95 • Meetings widi key individuals from postsecondary institutions, colleges and First Nations organizations to explain forestry and natural resources conservation programs for First Nations students at UBC. • Contacts widi forestry and aboriginal organizations. • Meetings with UBC Forestry Faculty members to discuss die introduction of a First Nations perspective into current courses. • Initial development of a proposal to fund a 2-day international conference on curriculum development.  PLANS FOR 1995-96 • Establish a First Nations Advisory Committee for the Faculty. • Implement one-day First Nations cultural awareness workshops for Faculty members. • Coordinate die development of a 3-credit course on First Nations perspectives on resource management for delivery at UBC in January 1996. • Organize and seek funding for international conference on incorporating First Nations perspectives into forestry and natural resource curricula, to be held in summer of 1996. • Participate in new First Nations Professional Sciences Access Program. Gordon Prest can be contacted at (604) 822-0651, fax (604) 822-8645 or e-mail gprest@unixg.ubc.ca.  12 UBC Faculty of Forestry  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1994-95 Patricia A. Plackett Director  HE BC Forestry Continuing Studies Network has now been in operation for T nearly four years. It has six offices — the  Provincial Office in the Faculty of Forestry at UBC responsible for overall management of the organization and coordination of province-wide training initiatives and five delivery centres responsible for organizing training activities around the province at institutions with forestry/ natural resource programs: • Selkirk College, Castlegar • University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George • University College of the Cariboo, Kamloops • Malaspina University College, Nanaimo • Northwest Community College, Smitliers. Each office has an advisory board whose members provide valuable input on a range of operational issues and the affiliated institutions also play a constructive role. The principal role of the Network remains coordination of the delivery of continuing education in sustainable natural resource management throughout the province on a consistently high-quality basis. One of the driving forces behind the creation of the Network back in 1991 was a need to redress the inconsistencies in availability, quality and cost of continuing education in forestry. The continuing increase in the numbers of province-wide training activities organized by Network staff is an indication of the recognized value of a consistent approach. Other trends include an increasing involvement of Network staff in the planning and organization of conferences and workshops. Although the initial focus of Network training was the professional and technical audience in forestry, more activities are now being organized for the forest worker. In addition, Network staff are more frequently being asked to participate at an early stage in the design and development of training initiatives.  One major activity in 1994 was the coordinated delivery of the five modules of Forest Practices Code training for staff in the Ministry of Forests, the Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks, the Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources and the Department of Fisheries and Oceans as well as a small number of industry representatives. The 1994/95 fiscal year was marked by an increase in the number of requests for the delivery of training to forest workers. In addition, the Network Director was asked to help with the development of the Forest Practices Code Awareness Training for Forest Workers.  BC FORESTRY CONTINUING STUDIES NETWORK  Number ot Registrants 25,000 P L A C K E T T , Patricia A. B.A.(Hons.), M.A., Ph.D. Director YOCHIM, Dwight Dipl. For. Tech. Provincial Coordinator MERKENS, Markus 91/92  92/93  93/94  94/95  Number of registrants in Network-organized training courses 1991/92 - 1994/95 This past year has seen a diversification of funding sources with the initiation of several major projects under the Watershed Restoration Program. In addition, the Network and the Association of B.C. Professional Foresters have worked together successfully on a number of initiatives this year.  PLANS FOR 1995-96 The highest priority continues to be the identification of new opportunities for continuing education in natural resource management. As in the past, the focus on improving the costeffectiveness and increasing the range of Network services will continue. Patricia Plackett can be contacted at (604) 822-9278, fax (604) 822-3106 or e-mail plackett® unixg. ubc. ca.  1994 Annual Report  13  B.Sc., M.P.M., R.P.Bio. Lead Coordinator SATO, Shirley B.A. Office Manager  BINKLEY, Clark S. — A.B., M.S. (Harvard), Ph.D. (Yale) Dean Responsible for overall administration of die Faculty. Phone: (604)822-2467 E-mail: binkley@unixg.ubc.ca  OFFICE OF THE DEAN  KOZAK, Antal (Tony) — B.S.F. (Sopron), M.F., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), D.Sc. Honoris causa (Sopron) Associate Dean, Undergraduate Programs and Academic Affairs Responsible for administering academic programs including curriculum and calendar changes, admissions, transfers, advancements and for disciplining undergraduate students. Phone: (604)822-3545 E-mail: kozak@unixg.ubc.ca  FACULTY AND STAFF  Phone: (604)822-2727 Fax:  McLEAN, John A. — B.Sc., M.Sc. (Auckland), Ph.D. (Simon Fraser), F.R.E.S., R.P.Bio. Associate Dean, Graduate Studies and Research Responsible for administering all aspects of Forestry graduate and post-baccalaureate programs and for promoting externallysponsored research activities. Phone: (604) 822-3360 E-mail: mclean@unixg.ubc.ca  (604)822-8645  WATTS, Susan B. — B.Sc. (N. Wales), M.F., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. Assistant Dean, External Relations Responsible for directing external relations activities, for promoting research, for coordinating project proposal development and for producing Faculty Newsletters and Annual Reports. Phone: (604) 822-6316 E-mail: suwatts@unixg.ubc.ca  14 UBC Faculty of Forestry  GOSS, Donna E. — B.S.F. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. Coordinator of Student Services Responsible for advising prospective and incoming undergraduate students, for school and college liaison, for undergraduate admissions, for job placement and for program public relations. Phone: (604)822-3547 E-mail: dgoss@unixg.ubc.ca  -> t f s m  4  PENNANT, John D. — B.A. (Brit. Col.) Development Officer Responsible for working closely widi die Dean, Faculty members, Alumni and the Forestry Advisory Committee in establishing priorities for external support and soliciting financial support through a comprehensive development program. Phone: (604)822-8716 E-mail: jpennant@unixg.ubc.ca  FACULTY AND STAFF  PREST, Gordon Coordinator of First Nations Forestry and Natural Resources Conservation Programs Responsible for developing and implementing an extensive program of awareness and recruimient designed to facilitate die entry and success of First Nations students into Forestry programs at UBC. Phone: (604)822-0651 E-mail: gprest@unixg.ubc.ca  ALIVOJVODIC, Barbara — Administrative Assistant COLE, Natalie — Graduate Programs Secretary HARTSON, Donna — Secretary to die Dean LAI, Charles — Clerk LIEW, Lily — Undergraduate Programs Secretary, B.A. (Brit. Col.) QUAY, Patsy — Editorial Assistant TURNER, Ron — Technician, B.A. (Brit. Col.)  1994 Annual Report  15  FOREST RESOURCES MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT Gordon Baskerville Head  Timothy Ballard  Clark Binkley  Alan Chambers  Jonathan Fannin  Douglas Golding  David Haley  Andrew Howard  Antal Kozak  Valerie LeMay  Peter Marshall  Don Munro  Peter Murtha  John Nelson  Peter Pearse  S.E. (Tim) Salcudean  David Tait  David Tindall  Casey van Kooten  Glen Young  BASKERVILLE, Gordon  Professor and Head • Integrated Resources Management B.Sc.F. (1955), New Brunswick, M.F. (1957), Ph.D. (1964) Yale Phone: (604)822-3362 E-mail: basker@unixg.ubc.ca  BALLARD, Timothy M.  Professor (Forest Resources Management, Soil Science) • Forest Soils, Management Impacts, Tree Nutrition, Forest Fertilization B.S.F. (1961), M.F. (1963), Ph.D. (1968) Washington Phone: (604)822-2300  BINKLEY, Clark S.  Professor and Dean • Forest Economics A.B. (1971), M.S. (1976) Harvard, Ph.D. (1979) Yale Phone: (604)822-2467 E-mail: binkley@unixg.ubc.ca  CHAMBERS, Alan D.  Associate Professor • Social Forestry, Integrated Resources Management B.S.F. (1964) Brit. Col., M.F. (1967) Duke, Ph.D. (1971) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604)822-6582  FANNIN, R. Jonathan  Associate Professor (Forest Resources Management, Civil Engineering) • Forest Roads, Terrain Stability Assessment B.Sc.(Hons.) (1983) Belfast, Ph.D. (1987) Oxford, P. Eng. Phone: (604)822-3133  GOLDING, Douglas L.  Associate Professor • Watershed Management and Forest Hydrology B.Sc. (1953) New Brunswick, M.S. (1961) Purdue, Ph.D. (1968) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604)822-4264  HALEY, David — Professor  • Forest Economics, Forest Policy Analysis B.Sc. (1962) Aberdeen, M.F. (1964), Ph.D. (1966) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604)822-5634 E-mail: dhaley@unixg.ubc.ca  HOWARD, Andrew F.  Associate Professor and Director of International Forestry Programs • Forest Engineering Economics, Forest Planning B.Sc. (1976) Massachusetts, M.F.Sc. (1979), M.Sc. (1981), M.Phil. (1981), Ph.D.(1985) Yale Phone: (604)822-3794 E-mail: ahoward@unixg.ubc.ca  FOREST RESOURCES MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT  KOZAK, Antal  Professor and Associate Dean • Biometrics, New Methodology for Forest Inventory B.S.F. (1956) Sopron, M.F. (1961), Ph.D. (1963) Brit. Col., D.Sc. Honoris causa (1989) Sopron. Phone: (604)822-3545 E-mail: kozak@unixg.ubc.ca  FACULTY  LeMAY, Valerie M.  AND  Associate Professor • Biometrics/Mensuration B.Sc. (1981), M.Sc. (1982) Alberta, Ph.D. (1989) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604)822-^770 E-mail: lemay@unixg.ubc.ca  STAFF  MARSHALL, Peter L.  Associate Professor • Growth and Yield, Forest Management B.Sc.F. (1976), M.Sc.F. (1979) Toronto, Ph.D. (1984) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604)822^1918 E-mail: marshall@unixg.ubc.ca  Dept. Phone: (604) 822-3482 Dept. Fax:  MUNRO, Donald D. — Professor and Director of University Research Forests • Forest Yield Sciences, Inventory Design and Analysis B.S.F. (1960) Brit. Col., M.S. (1964) Oregon, Ph.D. (1968) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604)463-8148 E-mail: munro@unixg.ubc.ca MURTHA, Peter A,  Professor (Forest Resources Management, Soil Science) • Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems, Forest Damage Detection and Evaluation, Land Classification B.Sc.F. (1961) Toronto, M.Sc. (1964), Ph.D. (1968) Cornell Phone: (604)822-6452 E-mail: murtha@unixg.ubc.ca  1994 Annual Report  17  (604)822-9106  NELSON, John D.  Associate Professor • Timber Supply Planning B.S.F. (1980), M.B.A. (1982) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1988) Oregon State Phone: (604)822-3902 E-mail: nelson@unixg.ubc.ca  PEARSE, Peter H.  Professor • Forest Economics and Policy B.S.F. (1956) Brit. Col., M.A. (Hons.) (1959), Ph.D. (1962) Edinburgh, R.P.F., C.M. Phone: (604)822-3169  SALCUDEAN, S.E. (Tim) FACULTY AND STAFF Forest Resources Management Department  Adjunct Professors BONNOR, G. Michael — B.S.F., M.S.F. (Toronto), Ph.D. (State Univ. of New York) COTTELL, Philip L. B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Yale), R.P.F. DEMAERSCHALK, Julien P. B.S.F. (Louvain), M.F., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) HALL, Thomas H. — B.A., M.Sc. (Indiana), M.Sc.F. (N. Brunswick), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. ILES, Kimberley — B.S., M.Sc. (Oregon), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.)  Assistant Professor (Forest Resources Management, Electrical Engineering) • Robotics/Control B.Eng. (1979), M.Eng. (1980) McGill, Ph.D. (1986) Berkeley Phone: (604)822-3243 E-mail: tims@ee.ubc.ca  McNEEL, Joseph — B.S.F. (West Virginia), M.S., Ph.D. (Virginia Tech.)  TAIT, David E.N.  W O Z N O W , Ron B.Sc. (Alberta), Ph.D. (UNB)  Assistant Professor • Optimization Techniques, Forest Planning B.Sc. (1968), M.Sc. (1970), Ph.D. (1983) Brit. Col Phone: (604)822-2997 E-mail: dtait@unixg.ubc.ca  TINDALL, David B.  Assistant Professor (Forest Resources Management, Sociology) • Sociology/Conservation B.A. (1985), M.A. (1989) UVic, Ph.D. (1994) Toronto Phone: (604) 822-2550/2363 E-mail: tindall@unixg.ubc.ca  VAN KOOTEN, G. Casey  Associate Professor (Forest Resources Management, Agricultural Economics) • Economics of Natural Resources B.Sc. (1972), M.A. (1974) Alberta, Ph.D. (1982) Oregon Phone: (604)822-4518 E-mail: gerrit@unixg.ubc.ca  YOUNG, G. Glen  Associate Professor • Analysis of Cable Systems, Improving Value and Fibre Recovery B.A.Sc. (1965), M.A.Sc. (1971) Brit. Col., P. Eng. Phone: (604)822-3728 E-mail: gyoung@unixg.ubc.ca  18 UBC Faculty of Forestry  MITCHELL, Kenneth J. B.S.F. (Brit. Col.), M.F., Ph.D. (Yale), R.P.F. WILLIAMS, Douglas H. B.Sc. (Simon Frase), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.)  Honorary Lecturers SANDERS, Peter R.W. B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. SAUDER, Brent J. B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F.  Sessional Lecturer WOOD, Paul M. B.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F., R.P.Bio  Staff AKAI, Heather Administrative Assistant AQUINO, David Res. Assist /Tech. B.Sc.F. (National Agrarian), M.F. (Brit. Col.) COUCH, Mary Lou Secretary  GIZOWSKI, David Computer Research Analyst B.Sc. (Alberta) LAI, Charles Departmental Clerk MAEDEL, Jerry GIS/RS Coordinator B.F.A. (Victoria), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) SHANNON, Tim Research Analyst B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col.)  New Faculty Appointment TINDALL, David Dr. David Tindall was hired as a joint appointment in Forest Resources Management and Sociology. His research interests focus on environmental sociology, sociology of natural resources, social movements, social network analysis and sociological theory.  Promotion VAN KOOTEN, G. Casey — promoted to Professor effective M y , 1995.  Retirement DOOLING, Peter J. Dr. Dooling retired on December 31, 1994 after 27 years with the Faculty of Forestry. During his service to UBC, Dr. Dooling was instrumental in developing the Faculty's program in resource recreation. He saw the provincial park system's expansion to northern B.C. and die recreational land use industry's growth to include wilderness, recreational waterways, coastal management for recreation and national trail systems.  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1994-95 • A complete review of the structure and content of the forest management program was initiated in late 1994. A small internal Task Force appointed by the Dean have examined the program and surveyed a broad range of the community with respect to the expectations of graduates. This will result in proposals for changes in die undergraduate management curriculum by mid-95. • There was increased activity in partnerships through university/industry/government funding of collaborative research on terrain stability assessment. • Brought forestry problems to die agenda of engineers through a special session on Forestry Geotechnique at the 48th Canadian Geotechnical Society conference.  ACHIEVEMENTS  PLANS FOR 1995-96  Forest Resources  • Following completion of die program review noted above, diere will be a fast track approach to introducing changes in die professional curriculum.  Department  PLANS  Management  • Dr. Ron Woznow, Adjunct Professor, is developing a Centre for Environmental Labelling to provide a common database for ecolabelling and policy analysis around the world (e-mail ecolabel@unixg.ubc.ca). • The Department is currently recruiting for five faculty positions to support both die conservation and forest operations programs. We hope to have these in place in die fall of 1995.  1994 Annual Report  AND  19  WOOD SCIENCE DEPARTMENT  David Barrett Head  Stavros Avramidis  Colette Rreuil  David Cohen  Simon Ellis  Frank Lam  Thomas Maness  Las/.lo Paszner  Helmut Prion  John Ruddick  Jack Saddler  Paul Steiner  BARRETT, J. David  Professor and Head • Wood Products Engineering B.A.Sc. (1965) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1973) Berkeley, F.I.A.W.S., P. Eng. Phone: (604)822-5852 E-mail: dbarrett@unixg.ubc.ca  AVRAMIDIS, Stavros  Associate Professor • Wood Physics and Drying B.S.F. (1981) Thessaloniki, M.S. (1983), Ph.D. (1986) SUNY, Syracuse Phone: (604)822-6153 E-mail: stavros@unixg.ubc.ca  BREUIL, Colette  NSERC/Industrial Associate Professor • Forest Products Biotechnology B.Sc. (1971) Lyon, M.Sc. (1974) Ottawa, Ph.D. (1977) Lyon Phone: (604) 222-3200 loc. 421 E-mail: breuil@unixg.ubc.ca  COHEN, David H.  Associate Professor • Forest Products Marketing and Management Dipl. For. Tech. (1976) Selkirk, B.Sc. (1986) Idaho, Ph.D. (1989) Virginia Tech. Phone: (604)822-6716 E-mail: dcohen@unixg.ubc.ca  ELLIS, Simon C.  Assistant Professor • Wood Anatomy and Adhesives B.Sc. (Hons.) (1983) N. Wales, M.Sc. (1986), Ph.D. (1989) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-3551 E-mail: sellis@unixg.ubc.ca  LAM, Frank  Assistant Professor • Wood Mechanics B.A.Sc. (1982), M.A.Sc. (1985), Ph.D. (1992) Brit. Col. Phone: (604) 822-6526 E-mail: franklam@unixg.ubc.ca  MANESS, Thomas  Assistant Professor • Wood Products Processing B.S.F. (1979) West Virginia, M.Sc. (1981) Virginia Tech., Ph.D. (1989) Washington Phone: (604)822-2150 E-mail: maness@unixg.ubc.ca  PASZNER, Laszlo  Professor • Chemical Utilization of Wood, Reconstituted Wood Products B.S.F. (1958) Sopron , M.F. (1963), Ph.D. (1966) Brit. Col. Phone: (604)822-2139 E-mail: paszner@unixg.ubc.ca  WOOD SCIENCE DEPARTMENT  PRION, Helmut G.L.  Assistant Professor (Wood Science, Civil Engineering) • Engineered Timber Structures Design B.Eng. (Hons.) (1974) Stellenbosch, Ph.D. (1987) Toronto, P. Eng. Phone: (604)822-3864 E-mail: prion@civil.ubc.ca FACULTY  RUDDICK, John N.R.  AND  NSERC/Industrial Professor • Wood Preservation B.Sc. (1965), M.Sc. (1966) Newcastle, Ph.D. (1970) London Phone: (604) 822-3736 E-mail: ruddick@unixg.ubc.ca  STAFF  SADDLER, Jack N.  NSERC/Industrial Professor • Forest Products Biotechnology B.Sc. (Hons.) (1975) Edinburgh, Ph.D. (1978) Glasgow Phone: (604)222-3220 E-mail: saddler@unixg.ubc.ca  Dept. Phone: (604) 822-5303 Dept. Fax:  STEINER, Paul R. (deceased May 10, 1995) Professor • Wood Adhesives and Composite B.Sc. (1966), M.Sc. (1969), Ph.D. (1971) Brit. Col.  (604) 822-9104  E-mail: woodubc@unixg.ubc.ca  Products  Dr. Paul Robert Steiner  With great sadness we report that our colleague Professor Paul Robert Steiner, passed away May 10, 1995following a lengthy illness. Dr. Steiner was internationally recognized for his contributions and pioneering research in the fields of wood adhesives and wood composites technology. Paul's academic leadership, collegiality and warm personality will be greatly missed by all colleagues, students and staff. Dr. Steiner is survived by his wife Louisa and their three children Kevin, Jordana and Naomi.  1994 Annual Report  21  Visiting Professors  Adjunct Professors  ENAYATI, Ali B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Gorgan Agr. Sci. U„ Iran) • Wood Physics  CHOW, Suezone — B.Sc. (Taiwan), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), O.B.C.  KANG, Ho-Yang Ph.D. (N. Carolina State U.) • Wood Drying LISS, Steven B.Sc. (Western), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Saskatchewan) • Forest Products Biotechnology  Research Associate FACULTY AND STAFF Wood Science Department  WONG, Ken K.Y. — B.Sc. (Carleton), M.Sc. (Ottawa), Ph.D. (Laval) • Forest Products Biotechnology  Post-doctoral Fellows BICHO, Paul — B.Sc. (Hons.), M.Sc. (Guelph), Ph.D. (U. of Waikato, N.Z.) • Forest Products Biotechnology BRISSON, Anne B.Sc., M.Sc. (Montreal), Ph.D. (Laval) • Forest Products Biotechnology BURGEL, Jochen M.Sc., Ph.D. (Vienna) • Wood Preservation DE JONG, Edserd M.Sc., Ph.D. (Wageningen) • Forest Products Biotechnology GHARIBIAN, Serge B.Sc. (Hons.), M.Sc. (Hons.), Ph.D. (Hons.) (U. of Grenoble) • Forest Products Biotechnology  KELLOGG, Robert M. — B.Sc.F. (Maine), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Yale), F.I.A.W.S. KIRBACH, Eberhard D. Dipl.-Holzwirt (Hamburg), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) SMITH, Roger S. — B.Sc., Ph.D. (London) VAROGLU, Erol — M.Eng. (Istanbul), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Stanford)  Staff BUX, Sheena — Departmental Secretary CADMAN, Dayna — Departmental Clerk FENG, Xiumei — Res. Assist./Tech. M.D. (Beijing), M.Sc. (Manitoba) FOLEY, Dallas — Scientific Engineer HASTINGS, Diana — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) JOHNSTON, Wendy Administrative Assistant MYRONUK, Robert Research Support Services Supervisor Dipl. of Technology (BCIT) SIDHU, Avtar — Research Assistant B.Sc. (Brit. Col.) STARK, Kevin —- Technician STOCKER, Cecilia — Technician THOMPSON, Nancy — Secretary (Part-time)  JEONG, Cheol B.A. (Kangweon Nat'l U.), M.A. (Korea), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Wood and Pulping Chemistry  WANG, Yin Tang Wood Engineering Scientist B.Eng., M.Eng. (China)  SERREQI, Alessio B.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (McGill) • Forest Products Biotechnology  Promotion/Tenure  TANG, Hang B.Sc. (Peking), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Wood Preservation ZHANG, Lin B.Sc.E. (Tianjin U.), Ph.D. (Cambridge) • Wood Physics  22 UBC Faculty of Forestry  MANESS, Thomas — promoted to Associate Professor and granted tenure effective July, 1995.  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1994-95 • UBC was selected by the Board of die National Education Initiative to establish a national centre for education in wood products technologies. • The provincial government, Forest Renewal B.C., die federal government and die Canadian wood products industry committed funding to establish a national Centre for Advanced Wood Products Processing. • The Wood Science and Industry undergraduate program Years 1 and 2 were restructured to focus on wood products processing technologies education. ACHIEVEMENTS AND  PLANS FOR 1995-96  PLANS  • Implement Years 1 and 2 of the new undergraduate program in Wood Products Technology.  Wood Sci6nc6 Department  • Create the Centre for Advanced Wood Products Processing. • Design a professional Master's degree program in Wood Products Technology.  1994 Annual Report  23  FOREST SCIENCES DEPARTMENT Gene Namkoong Head  Fred Bunnell  Philip Burton  John Carlson  Chris Chanway  Michael Feller  Susan Glenn  Robert Guy  Scott Hinch  J.P. (Hamish) Kimmins  Karel Klinka  Kathy Martin  John McLean  Tom Sullivan  Bart van der Kamp  Susan Watts  Gordon Weetman  John Worrall  NAMKOONG, Gene  Professor and I lead • Population and Quantitative Genetics D.S. (1956), M.S. (1958) SUNY, Ph.D. (1963) N. Carolina State Univ., Dhe (Swedish Agric. Univ.) Phone: (604)822-8275 E-mail: gene@unixg.ubc.ca  GUY, Robert D.  Associate Professor • Plant Physiology B.Sc. (1977), Ph.D. (1984), Calgary Phone: (604)822-6023 E-mail: guy@unixg.ubc.ca  HINCH, Scott G.  BUNNELL, Fred L.  Assistant Professor (Forest Sciences, Fisheries Centre, Westwater Research Centre) • Aquatic Ecology and Fish/Forestry Interactions B.Sc. (Hons.) (1985), M.Sc. (1987) Western Ont., Ph.D. (1992) Toronto Phone: (604) 822-0500/9377 E-mail: shinch@unixg.ubc.ca  BURTON, Philip J.  Professor • Forest Ecology, Sustainability of Managed Forests, Modelling Forest Ecosystems B.Sc. (1964) N. Wales, M.Sc. (1966) Berkeley, M. Phil. (1968), Ph.D. (1970) Yale Phone: (604)822-3549 E-mail: kimmins@unixg.ubc.ca  Professor and Director of Centre for Applied Conservation Biology • Wildlife Population Dynamics, Influences of Forestry Practices on Wildlife B.S.F. (Hons.) (1965) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1973) Berkeley, R.P.Bio. Phone: (604)822-5928 E-mail: fbunnell@unixg.ubc.ca Assistant Professor • Regeneration Ecology B.Sc. (1978) Saskatchewan, M.Sc. (1980) Hawaii, Ph.D. (1988) Illinois Phone: (604)822-6020 E-mail: burton@unixg.ubc.ca  CARLSON, John  Associate Professor (Forest Sciences, Biotechnology Laboratory) • Molecular Biology B.Sc. (1974) Pittsburgh, M.Sc. (1978), Ph.D. (1983) Illinois Phone: (604)822-4733 E-mail: jcarlson@unixg.ubc.ca  CHANWAY, Christopher P.  Associate Professor (Forest Sciences, Soil Science) • Soil Microbiology B.Sc. (1978) Winnipeg, B.S. Ag. (1980) Manitoba, M.Sc. (1983), Ph.D. (1987) Brit. Col. Phone: (604)822-3716 E-mail: chanway@mtsg.ubc.ca  FELLER, Michael C.  Associate Professor • Fire Science and Water Quality B.Sc. (Hons.) (1968), M.Sc. (1969) Melbourne, Ph.D. (1975) Brit. Col., R.P.Bio. Phone: (604)822-3729 E-mail: usermfel@mtsg.ubc.ca  GLENN, Susan M.  Assistant Professor • Conservation Biology and Landscape Ecology B.Sc. (1983) Toronto, M.Sc. (1985) Guelph, Ph.D. (1990) Oklahoma Phone: (604) 822-0943 E-mail: sglenn@unixg.ubc.ca  FOREST SCIENCES DEPARTMENT  KIMMINS, J.P. (Hamish)  FACULTY AND STAFF  KLINKA, Karel  Professor and V.J. Krajina/B.C. Forest Service Chair in Silvics and Silviculture • Forest Ecology, Silvics For. Eng. (1960) Prague, Ph.D. (1976) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604)822-3047 E-mail: klinka@unixg.ubc.ca  MARTIN, Kathy M.  Associate Professor • Forest and Grassland Birds, Avian Energetics and Demography B.Sc. (Hons.) (1970) Prince Edward Is., M.Sc. (1973) Alberta, Ph.D. (1985) Queen's Phone: (604)822-9695 E-mail: kmartin@unixg.ubc.ca  McLEAN, John A.  Professor and Associate Dean • Forest Entomology B.Sc. (1965), M.Sc. (1968) Auckland, Ph.D. (1976) Simon Fraser, F.R.E.S., R.P.Bio. Phone: (604)822-3360 E-mail: mclean@unixg.ubc.ca  SULLIVAN, Thomas P.  Associate Professor • Forestry and Wildlife B.Sc. (Hons.) (1973), M.Sc. (1976), Ph.D. (1978) Brit. Col. Phone: (604)822-3543  1994 Annual Report  25  Dept. Phone: (604) 822-2507 Dept. Fax:  (604)822-9102  VAN DER KAMP, Bart J.  CARTER, Reid B.Sc., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. • Forest Ecology and Management  WATTS, Susan B.  Post-doctoral Fellows  Lecturer and Assistant Dean • Forest Entomology B.Sc. (1973) N. Wales, M.F. (1976), Ph.D. (1981) Brit. Col., R.P.F. Phone: (604)822-6316 E-mail: suwatts@unixg uhc.ca  WEETMAN, Gordon F.  FACULTY AND STAFF Forest Sciences Department  Honorary Research Associate  Associate Professor • Forest Pathology B.S.F. (1964) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1967) Aberdeen Phone: (604)822-2728 E-mail: bart.john.van.der.kamp@mtsg.ubc.ca  Professor • Silviculture B.Sc.F. (1955) Toronto, M.F. (1958), Ph.D. (1962) Yale, R.P.F., F. Eng. Phone: (604)822-2504 E-mail: gweetman@unixg.ubc.ca  WORRALL, John G.  Associate Professor • Tree Physiology, Tree Growth Mechanisms and Climatic Influence B.Sc. (1959) Durham, B.S.F. (1963) Brit. Col., M.F. (1964), M. Phil. (1967), Ph.D. (1968) Yale Phone: (604)822-3516  Research Associates  DANIELS, Lori D. B.Sc.(Hons.) (Manitoba), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) • Tree Population Dynamics/Stand Dynamics Dendroecology GAL1NDO-LEAL, Carlos B.Sc. (U. Autonoma Metropolitana), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Animal Ecology KOSHY, Mathew P. B.Sc., M.Sc. (Kerala), M.Sc. (Wales), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Genetics PRESCOTT, Cindy B.Sc. (Brock), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Calgary) • Forest Nutrition SILIM, Salim N. — B.Sc. (Makerene), M.Sc. (New Brunswick), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Tree Physiology  26 UBC Faculty of Forestry  BRUNNER, Andreas M. B. Diplom-Forstwirt (Munich), Ph.D. (Freiburg) • Silviculture and Forest Ecology CHAN-McLEOD, Ann C. Allaye B.S.F., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Alaska Fairbanks Univ.) • Physiological Ecology I)OBRY, Jaroslav — B.Sc., Ph.D. (Prague) • Dendrochronology FU, Yong-Bi B.Sc. (Nanjing For. Univ., China), M.Sc. (Lakehead), Ph.D. (Toronto) • Population/Forest Genetics PETERSEN, Daniel J. — B.Sc. (Dallas), Ph.D. (William Marsh Rice Univ., Houston) • Molecular Biology REID, Donald G. B.Sc. (Hons.) (Guelph), M.Sc. (Calgary), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Animal Ecology VON EULER, Fredrik — B.Sc.F., Ph.D. (Swedish Univ. Agr. Sci., Uppsala) • Biodiversity Patterns WEI, Xiaohua B.Sc. (Jiangxi Agri. Univ., China), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Northeast For. Univ., China) • Forest Ecology/GIS Application WIEBE, Karen L. — B.Sc. (Hons.) (Simon Fraser), Ph.D. (Saskatchewan) • Behaviour and Ecology of Birds XIAO, Guoping B.Sc. (Hunan Normal Univ., China), M.Sc. (Kunming Inst. Bot., China), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Mycorrhizal Fungi  Adjunct Professors  ALFARO, Rene I. — B.Sc. (U. Chile), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Simon Fraser) AXELROOD, Paige E. — B.Sc., M.Sc. (Oregon State), Ph.D. (California)  BARKER, John E. — B.Sc. (Brit. Col ), M.Sc., Ph.D. (California) COMEAU, Philip G. B.Sc. (Victoria), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) DEROCHER, Andrew E. — B.S.F. (Hons.) (Brit. Col.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Alberta) DOST, Frank — B.Sc. (Washington), M.Sc. (Kansas), D.V.M. (Washington) EDWARDS, David George B.Sc. (Aberdeen), M.F., Ph.D. (Washington) EL-KASSABY, Yousry A. — B.Sc. (Alexandria), M.Sc. (Tanta), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) GROSSNICKLE, Steven C. — B.Sc. (S. Illinois), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Colorado State) HAWKINS, Christopher D.B. B.Sc. (Hons.), M.Sc. (Simon Fraser), Ph.D. (Aust. Nat. Univ.), R.P.Bio. HENRY, Charles L. B.S., M.S. (Oregon State), Ph.D. (Washington) KLENNER, Walt — B.Sc., M.Sc. (Manitoba), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.Bio. KRANNITZ, Pamela G. B.Sc. (Hons.) (Guelph), M.Sc. (Western Ontario), Ph.D. (Queen's) KURZ,Werner A. Diplom Holzwirt (Hamburg), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) LEADEM, Carole L. B.Sc. (California), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.Bio. LESTER, Donald T. B.Sc. (Maine), M.F., Ph.D. (Yale) LOUSIER, J. Daniel — B.Sc. (Notre Dame U., B.C.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Calgary), R.P.Bio. McLELLAN, Bruce N. B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.Bio. MILLER, Gordon E. — B.Sc., M.Sc., M.P.M., Ph.D. (Simon Fraser) MORRISON, Duncan J. — B.S.F., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Cambridge) OTVOS, Imre S. B.Sc.F. (Sopron), M.S., Ph.D. (Berkeley) PRESTON, Caroline M. — B.Sc. (McMaster), M.A. (Carlton), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) ROCHELLE, James A. — B.Sc., M.Sc. (Washington State), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) SAFRANYIK, Laszlo B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.)  SAVARD, Jean-Pierre — B.Sc. (Laval), M.Sc. (Toronto), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) SMITH, Nicholas J. — B.Sc. (N. Wales), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Oregon State) SPITTLEHOUSE, David L. B.Sc. (Nottingham), M.Sc. (Saskatchewan), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) SUTTON, Benjamin S. B.Sc. (Reading), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) VAN DEN DRIESSCHE, Robert J. — B.Sc. (N. Wales), M.Sc. (Toronto), Ph.D. (Wales) VAN SICKLE, G. Allan — B.Sc., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Pennsylvania State), R.P.F. WHITE, Eleanor E. — B.Sc., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Swedish Univ. of Agr. Sciences)  FAC U LTY  Sessional Lecturer  AND STAFF  WIELGUS, Robert B. — B.Sc. (Brandon), M.Sc. (Idaho), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) Forest Sciences Department  Staff  DAUST, Dave — Res. Assist./Tech. B.S.F. (Brit. Col.) DUPUIS, Linda — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc. (Hons.) (Carlton), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) DYCK, Wanda — Secretary GILL, Michael — Res. Assist./Tech. JOHNSON, Jacklyn — Office Manager B.S.Ed. (Minn.) KIDD, Joanne — Res. Assist./Tech. LEE, Eric — Departmental Clerk NEW, David — Res. Assist./Tech. OLANSKI, Penny — Res. Assist./Tech. PALMER, Sharon — Secretary SETO, Carrie — Administrative Assistant SREJIC, Zika — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc. (Univ. of Belgrade) STALEY, Candis — Res. Assist./Tech. TSZE, Min — Res. Assist./Tech. WANG, Yuewei — Lab. Assist.  1994 Annual Report  27  Promotion  VAN DER KAMP, Bart — promoted to Professor effective July, 1995.  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1994-95 • Awarded NSERC Industry Chair positions in Genetics. • Awarded over $730,000 in NSERC awards and over $1,800,000 in odier externally funded research grants and contracts. ACHIEVEMENTS AND PLANS Forest Sciences  • Hired Dr. Susan Glenn as Assistant Professor in Conservation Biology. • Hired Dr. Scott Hindi as Assistant Professor jointly with Westwater Research Centre and die Fisheries Centre. • Instituted weekly Forest Sciences Department seminars and weekly social coffee.  Department  PLANS FOR 1995-96 • Hire senior and junior faculty members in quantitative and population genetics. • Develop nursery operations into active teaching/research facilities. • Hire director of nursery for research/ teaching.  28  UBC Faculty of Forestry  LONGSIDE their teaching and research commitments, most Faculty members have committee A responsibilities widi off campus organizations and groups. These involvements are listed below together with various distinctions and awards (in bold-face type) bestowed on Faculty members during die past year.  AVRAMIDIS, S. • Chairman, Society of Wood Science and Technology Membership Ctte. • Member, Moisture Meters Ctte., American Society for Testing and Materials, D4444D07.01.01. • Member, Wood Drying Technical Interest Group, Forest Products Society. • Secretary, Wood Physics Technical Interest Group, Forest Products Society. • Member, IUFRO Working Party on Wood Drying, S5-04.06. BARRETT, J.D. • Member, Editorial Board, Wood Science and Technology. • Board Member, International Academy of Wood Science, 1994 to 2000. • Member, NSERC/Forestry Canada Partnerships Program Grant Selection Ctte. • Chairman, Sawn Lumber Sub-committee, Canadian Standards Association. • Member, Main Ctte., Canadian Standards Association. • Member, Code for Engineering Design in Wood, Canadian Standards Association. • Member, Technical Ctte., National Lumber Grades Authority. • Member, Forest Products Ctte., SCBC. • Member, Fire Risk Ctte., Forintek/ NRC. • Chairman, 1997 Planning Ctte., Forest Products Society. BASKERVILLE, G.L. • Fellow, The Royal Society of Canada. • Chair, Ctte. to Review National Forest Sector Strategy. • Member, Executive Ctte./Technical Ctte. of die Canadian Standards Association on Forest Management. • Member, FRBC Strategic Ctte. • Member, Forest Practices Board. BINKLEY, C.S. • Member, Marcus Wallenberg Prize Ctte. • Member, Federal Forest Sector Advisory Ctte. • Member, Provincial Forest Sector Strategy Ctte.  • Member, NSERC Advisory Ctte., Targeted Research Program. • Member, B.C. Forest Research Advisory Ctte. • Member, Board of Directors: FERIC; Forintek Canada Corp.; Pacific Forest Products; West Fraser Timber Ltd. • Member, Management Ctte., Nelson Forests Joint Venture. • Member, Advisory Board Ecotrust Inc. BREUIL, C. • Member, Review Ctte., NSERC Strategic Grants Program. • Member, BCIT Advisory Ctte. • Member, Agro-Forestry Ctte., University of Laval, Quebec. BUNNELL, F.L. • Independent Chair, Clayoquot Scientific Panel. • Member, Spotted Owl Recovery Team. • Member, COSEWIC. • Member, Cooperative Design of Protected Areas Strategy Steering Ctte. • Member, Long Beach Model Forest. • Member, Vancouver Foundation Environment Ctte. BURTON, P.J. • Member, Executive Council, Vancouver Section of die CIF. • Member, SIBC Curriculum Ctte. • Member, Reforestation Info. Bank TAC. • Member, B.C. Forest Land Use Liaison Ctte. • Member, Carmanah Valley Forest Management Advisory Ctte. • Member, B.C. MoEMPR, Reclamation Code Review Ctte. CARLSON, J.E. • Member, SCBC Scholarships Ctte. • Member, Scientific Advisory Board: USDA Tree Genome Project; Poplar Molecular Genetics Cooperative, Univ. of Washington; Tree Genetic Engineering Research Cooperative, Oregon State Univ. CHAMBERS, A.D. • Chair, Forest Land Commission.  1994 Annual Report  29  OFFICES, AWARDS AND DISTINCTIONS  CHANWAY, C.P. • Member, Biofertilizers Workshop - Review of Federal Guidelines for Microbial Product Use and Registration. • Membership Chair, Vancouver Section of the CIF. • Member, Expert Ctte. on Microbial Inoculants. • Member, Canadian Society of Plant Physiologists (Western Region) Annual Meeting Organizing Ctte.  OFFICES, AWARDS AND DISTINCTIONS  COHEN, I).H. • Chairman, International Program Planning Ctte., Forest Products Society. • Member, Forest Products Society Planning Ctte. for Industry Conferences, Annual Meeting Technical Ctte., Program Planning Ctte. and Jury for Plenary Session on Forest Products Marketing. • Associate Director, Canadian Wood Council. • Deputy Director, Forest Products Marketing Group, IUFRO. FANNIN, R.J. • B.C. Asia Pacific Scholars Award. • Member, RPF/APEGBC Resource Roads Task Force. • Secretary, Geosynthetics Division, Canadian Geotechnical Society. • Member, Board of Examiners, Assoc. of Prof. Engineers and Geoscientists of B.C. • Member, Organizing Ctte., 48th Canadian Geotechnical Conference, Vancouver, 1995. FELLER, M.C. • Member, Pinecone Lake - Burke Mountain Protected Area Strategy Study Team. • Member, 2nd International Wildland Fire Symposium Steering Ctte. • Member, Northwest Forest Fire Council Steering Ctte. GLENN, S.M. • Member, Legislative Ctte. on Minnesota Resources Peer Review Panel. GOLDING, D.L. • Member, Selection Ctte., John G. Bene Fellowship in Social Forestry. GUY, R.I). • Western Director, Canadian Society of Plant Physiologists. • Member, Forestry Grant Selection Ctte., SCBC. • Member, B.C. Stock Quality Working Group.  30 UBC Faculty of Forestry  • Member, Local Organizing Ctte. for 1997 Joint Meeting of the American Society of Plant Physiologists and the Canadian Society of Plant Physiologists. HALEY, D. • Appointed to Editorial Board, Journal of Forest Economics. HINCH, S.G. • 1993 Finalist for Best Paper, American Fisheries Society (Collins and Hinch, 1993: Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 122:357-365). • Member, Technical Review Ctte., Fraser River Sockeye Management. • Member, Pacific Coastal Mountains Working Group for Regional Assessments of Climate Change. KIMMINS, J.P. • Member, Canadian Standards Association, Technical Advisory Ctte. on Certification. • Invited Participant, House of Commons Ctte. on Natural Resources Hearings on Clearcutting. KLINKA, K. • Co-chair, IUFRO SI.02-06. • Deputy Chair, IUFRO SI.01-00. LAM, F. • Member, CSA086 Sub-committee on Sawn Lumber, Canadian Standards Association. LeMAY, V.M. • Chair, CIF Measurements Sub-committee. • Member, Provincial Cruising Task Force. • Member, Mensuration Sub-comittee, ABCPF. • Member, Canadian Forest Inventory Ctte., Mensuration Sub-committee. • Member, Canadian Standards Assocociation Scaling Ctte. MANESS, T. • Board Member, Forest Products Society NW Section. • Chairman, Industrial Engineering and Operations Working Party (S5.04-13), IUFRO. MARSHALL, P.L. • Chair, Forest Sciences and Technology Board, CIF. • Chair, Board of Directors, Silviculture Institute of British Columbia. • Member, Board of Examiners, ABCPF. • Member, TAC, B.C. Forest Productivity Councils.  • Member, Steering Ctte., Inland Northwest Growth and Yield Cooperative. • Member, Silviculture Technical Advisory Ctte., Stand Management Cooperative. • Member, Forest Management Group, Canadian Pulp & Paper Association. McLEAN, J.A. • Member, Forest Pest Review Ctte. • Member, FRDA II Advisory Ctte. • Member, Forestry Ctte., SCDC. MUNRO, D.I). • Co-Chair, MoF Inventory Task Force. MURTHA, P.A. • Liaison Officer, Canadian Remote Sensing Society and American Society of Pliotogrammetry and Remote Sensing. • Member, Education Ctte., American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing. • Member, Education Advisory Board, Radarsat International, Ottawa. NAMKOONG, G. • Co-Editor, Canadian Journal Forest Sciences. • Co-Editor, Silvae Genetica. • Member, B.C. Tree Improvement Council. • Member, Biodiversity Steering Ctte. • Member, United Nations FAO, Panel of Experts, Genetic Resources. NELSON, J . D . • Member, FERIC Forest Engineering Advisory Ctte. • Chair, Forest Harvesting Academic Standards Ctte., ABCPF. PASZNER, L. • Member, International UNESCO Expert Council on Chemistry of Vegetal Resources. • Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Holzfoschung. PEARSE, P.H. • Member, Canadian National Ctte. on UNESCO's Man and die Biosphere Program. • Member of the Board of Directors: The Law of the Sea Institute; World Wildlife Fund Canada; Alcan Aluminium Limited; Vancouver Board of Trade. PRION, H.G.L. • Member, CSA 086 Sub-committee on Fasteners. • Chair, CSA 086 Task Group on Multiple Fasteners.  • Member, Structural Stability Research Council. RUDDICK, J . N . R . • Vice President, International Research Group on Wood Preservation. • Vice Chairman, Wood Preservation Technical Ctte., Canadian Standards Association. • Membership Chairman, Canadian Wood Preservation Association. • Member, American Wood Preservers Association. SALCUDEAN, S.E. • BC Advanced Systems Fellowship, Year 4. • Editor, IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation. SADDLER, J.N. • IUFRO Scientific Achievement Award for scientists under 45 years. • Activity Leader, International Energy Agency Network, Task X, "Bioconversion of Lignocelluloses." (1995-97). • Member, Steering Ctte., BIOFOR Network (ISTC Network), "Biotechnology for die Forest Industries." • Member, EMR Renewable Energy Advisory Group. • Member, Advisory Ctte., Agriculture Canada Bioenergy Program. VAN DER KAMP, B.J. • Member, Forest Pest Review Ctte. • Member, Danger Tree Assessment Ctte. VAN KOOTEN, G . C . • Council Member, Western Agricultural Economics Association. WEETMAN, G.F. • Director, Silviculture Institute of B.C. (SIBC). • Member, SIBC Curriculum Cttes. for Modules II, III, IV & V . • Chair, Board of Examiners, ABCPF. • Council Member, ABCPF. YOUNG, G.G. • Faculty Teaching Prize. • Member, ABCPF/APEGBC Task Force on Forest Roads. • Member, Academic Standards Ctte., ABCPF. • Co-Chair, Planning Ctte., International Mountain Logging and PNW Skyline Symposium.  1994 Annual Report  31  OFFICES, AWARDS AND DISTINCTIONS  funding in 1994/95 totalled $5,079,478, a very similar figure as in 1993/94. EXTRAMURAL Based on such measures as success in competitive grants and the overall level of research  activity, die Faculty continues to lead Canadian forestry schools. Extramural funding per full-timeequivalent faculty member, while still among die highest levels at UBC, has dropped as die Faculty has added young scholars in the early phases of establishing dieir careers. ($000)  EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH  Extramural Funds per Faculty Member in $ 0 0 0 "  no  34  40  74  104  132  141  121  •Not including BC Forestry Continuing Studies Network funding. "Calculated trom operating budget supported Faculty members.  Operating budget, extramural funds and research activity 1978/79 - 1994/95 'Hie table below shows diat die sources of our funding are well distributed. The federal support (NSERC plus odier agencies) has dropped slightly to 51% Uiis year. Ministry of Forests support has risen from 18% to 24% of our extramural funding support. Industrial support decreased slightly from 19% in 1993/94 to 17% in 1994/95. Extramural funding sources 1994/95 Source  Federal NSERC Odier Provincial Ministry of Forests Odier Private Industry Odier Total  $000  %  1,779 804  35 16  1,211 118  24 2  857 310 5,079  17 6 100  Our location widiin a large, researchoriented University in close proximity to several major research institutions greatly enhances our broadly diversified research program. We have collaborative projects widi odier departments at UBC, and with Forintek, Paprican, FERIC, and BC Research. Widi die help of the research department of Weyerhaeuser (U.S.) we have developed a plan for refocusing die activities at die Soudi Campus Nursery more clearly towards a research and education mission. We receive valuable research support from endowments provided by Weyerhaeuser and MacMillan Bloedel, die Imajo Cedar Management Fund and the Kadileen and Sheldon Rodiwell Research Fund.  The following list reflects funded research activities between April 1, 1994 and March 31, 1995.  S. Avramidis  Fundamentals of coupled heat and mass transfer in radio-freqency/vacuum drying of wood - NSERC $86,698 Modelling of radio-frequency drying of wood - COI I $21,840  32  UBC Faculty of Forestry  Manipulation of wood composite structure to enhance performance (co-investigator) NSERC $78,650 Moisture sorption studies in wood NSERC $15,000  T.M. Ballard  Weatherable nutrients in forest soils BCMoF $39,034 Impact of harvesting on soil nematodes CFS/BC MoF/FRDA $17,000  J.D. Barrett  Multiple input grading system for structural lumber (co-investigator) - NSERC $99,000 Reliability of structural lumber in truss applications - Forintek $10,000 French Douglas-fir study //if 7 For. Prod. $3,795 Reliability of wood-based materials NSERC $17,700 Load configuradon factors for MSR lumber CFS/NSERC/National Lumber Grades Auth. $35,000 Hem-Fir CEN ingrade correlation study COFI $16,000  C. Breuil  Junior Chair in Forest Products Biotechnology - NSERC/Industry $94,360 Feasibility study: Production of antibodies to chemicals - Noranda Technology $5,000 Microorganism and enzyme treatments for reducing extractives present in wood chips or pulps - CFS/NSER CIA venor Inc./ Diachem/Weyerhaeuser Canada/ Noranda Inc. $90,100 Development of antibody-based immunoassays for resin acids in industrial process streams and effluents - NSERC $51,000 Immunoassay detection of wood preservatives - NSERC/Forintek/ Zeneca Agrochemicals $67,944 Controlling sapstain pigmentation CFS/NSER C/MacMillan Bloedel $21,000 Sapstain control by proteinase disruptions Forintek $1,500 Biorational control of forest diseases network -CFS $15,000  F.L. Bunnell  Management planning to maintain biodiversity in die boreal mixed-wood forest Alberta Pacific For. Ind. $60,000 Biodiversity in die Clayoquot Sound BCMoELP $30,000  Forest management: habitat patterns model development - BC MoF $30,000 Evaluating die role of riparian and nonriparian habitat linkages on abundance and movements of vertebrates in managed forest landscape - BC MoF $75,000 Riparian management and the tailed frog BCMoF $32,000 Kluane National Park Reserve grizzly bear research program - Environ. Can. $47,500 Multiple species habitat dependencies CFS 25,000 Forest diversity program, habitat conservation plan; Fraser River basin sustainable management plan - Environ. Can. $33,500 Cooperative design of protected areas strategy - Environ. Can. $139,548 North Columbia Mountains biodiversity Study - Environ. Can. $47,000 Kootenay/Beaverfoot biodiversity research ecosystem management project Heritage Can. $47,000 Needs assessment - ecological Long Beach Model Forest $4,250 Measuring biodiversity for forest policy and management Wildlife Habitat Can. $2,500  P.J. Burton  Experimental investigation of conifer germination ecology - BC MoF $52,100 Technology transfer of research results regarding tree seed germination ecology, conifer shade tolerance physiology, and non-crop competitive effects BCMoF $19,891 Planting microsite selection and conifer seedling performance - BC MoF $10,000 Boreal mixedwood fragmentation and landscape modelling Alberta Pacific For. Ind. $40,000 Influence zones and edge effects in forest stand development - NSERC $15,000  J. Carlson  Rubus DNA fingerprinting - BC Raspberry Growers Assoc. $5,000 Analysis of genetic diversity in western red cedar - IIC Research Inc. $8,000  1994 Annual Report  33  EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH  EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH  Development of automated, PCR-based analytical assay procedure for fingerprinting two pollen parents and five seed cone parent clones of western hemlock BCMoF $31,000 DNA fingerprinting plants for the B.C. nursery trade (co-investigator) BC Nursery Trades/MoAFF $30,000 DNA markers for terminal weevil resistance in spruce - BC MoF $46,780 Characterization of white pine weevil Pissodes strobi (co-investigator) Green Plan CFS $12,000 Biotechnological modification of lignin in poplar (co-investigator) - NSERC $139,000 DNA-fingerprinting of trees in an operational spruce seed orchard NSERC/CFS/BC Research Inc. $45,000 Developmental biology and molecular genetics of trees - NSERC $29,000 Multi-locus and multi-genome molecular analysis of genetic diversity in western red cedar and Douglas-fir - CFS $14,000  C.P. Chanway  Root-endophytic and rhizosphere colonizing plant growth promoting rhizobacteria for pine and spruce - NSERC $70,200 Conifer root associated bacteria: Diversity and influence on seedling growdi and competition - NSERC $25,000  D.H. Cohen  Establishing technology benchmarks in Canadian sawmills for processing quality control and training needs SSHRC $25,000 Market research in forest products Various companies $1,000  S.C. Ellis  Characterization of die wood quality of lodgepole pine resources with respect to wood composites - NSERC $20,000  R.J. Fannin  Improved techniques for terrain stability assessment NSERC/MacMillan Bloedel/Western Forest Products/BC MoF $44,000  34 UBC Faculty of Forestry  Soil/geosyntlietic interaction in reinforcement and filtration applications NSERC $17,000  M.C. Feller  Chemical analysis on samples from Flume Creek -BCMoF $2,000 Relationships between coarse woody debris, vegetation, small mammals, and forest soils (co-investigator) BC MoF/NSERC $135,800 Regeneration of Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir from seed in the ESSFwc Subzone - BC MoF $9,000 Fire behaviour and effects on vegetation of prescribed burning of forests Green Plan CFS $30,000 Effects of silvicultural systems on organic matter decomposition and nutrient leaching in a Montane forest (co-investigator) CFS $48,000 Effects of forest management practices on soils, vegetation, and streams and on ecosystem nutrient budgets NSERC $15,036  D.L. Golding  I Iydrologic processes in forested and logged watersheds of the Greater Vancouver municipal catchments - GVRI) $10,000  R.D. Guy  Comparative physiology of stress acclimation in conifers: water-use efficiency and root respiration - NSERC $35,715  S.G. Hinch  Biophysical modeling of salmon migration and production (co-investigator) NSERC $253,000 Adult salmon passage project Green Plan DFO $150,000 Trout habitat capability modeling BCMoE $25,000 Watershed restoration program study evaluation - BC MoE $21,000 Creation and fertilization of coho salmon side-channel habitat BCMoE $31,500  A.F. Howard  Operational and economic feasibility of alternative harvesting systems in secondgrowth coastal forests of British Columbia BC MoF $42,000 Sustainable forest management in the neotropics - Conservation Int'l $30,000 Decision support systems for die forest industry - NSERC $17,500  J.P. Kimmins  Evaluation of die effects of whole-tree harvesting on die sustainability of forest ecosystem productivity - NSERC/BC MoF/Williams iMke TSA Assoc. $80,600 Whistler biosolids fertilization trial, field data collection -BCMoF $95,255 Development of die individual tree version of FORECAST - BC MoF $44,120 Birch biomass and photosynUiesis in soudicentral B.C. - BC MoF $25,000 Stand dynamics following large-scale versus small-scale disturbance: UBC Research Forest - BC MoF $10,450 Recycling urban sewage sludge and odier organic waste as slow release forest fertilizer GVRI) $20,025 Simulation of forest ecosystem response to natural and management caused disturbance regimes - NSERC $34,257  K. Klinka  The V.J. Krajina/B.C. Forest Service Chair in silvics and silviculture BCMoF $97,678 F.G. Dodd Operational Research Chair in silvicultural systems research BCMoF $38,000 Regeneration and productivity of western larch - Weyerhaeuser Canada/ NSERC $30,000 Fire history of the interior Douglas-fir forests - BC MoF $7,000 Final synthesis of forested vegetation and environment data for coastal B.C. BCMoF $10,000 Inventory of western hemlock root biomass in closed canopy stands on various soil nutrient and moisture regimes BCMoF $14,920  Publication of western red cedar research results - BC MoF $6,000 Relationships between Engelmann spruce and Subalpine Fir Site Index and measures of ecological site quality BCMoF $39,900 The relationship between white spruce, lodgepole pine, Englemann spruce and Subalpine Fir Index and measures of site quality Northwood Pulp & Timber Ltd. $15,000 Forest canopy influence on understory vegetation in the mid-seral west coast stands on Vancouver Island - BC MoF $7,000 Shade tolerance of tree species NSERC $16,110  F. Lam  Mechanics of wood-based composites Forintek/NSERC $99,625 Evaluation of stiffness properties of lumber Homart Moving $683 Manipulation of wood composite structure to enhance performance (co-investigator) NSERC $78,650 Robotics system for wood mat formation (co-investigator) - NSERC $58,130 Multiple input grading system for structural lumber (co-investigator) - NSERC $99,000  V.M. LeMay  Estimation and characterization of decay in standing trees - NSERC $14,000  T. Maness  Log sawing simulator - BC MoF $40,000 Stem bucking simulator - BC MoF $29,500 Real time quality control systems Canadian Forest Products $4,000 Automated rip-chop sawing decision tool SCBC $15,750 Timber sale area log allocation model NSERC $14,000  P.L. Marshall  Impacts of potential global wanning on the forest sector in die Mackenzie Drainage Basin: A case study in die Peace River Basin CFS/BCMoF $18,000  1994 Annual Report  35  EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH  Biomass of uneven-aged Douglas-fir stands under a variety of growing conditions CFS/BCMoF $5,000 Response of uneven-aged Douglas-fir to alternative spacing regimes CFS/BCMoF $10,000  K. Martin  EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH  Behaviour, energetics and reproductive physiology of ptarmigan - NSERC $30,000 Energetics of ptarmigan (co-invesdgator) FCAR $36,000 Structure and function of boreal forest vertebrates (co-investigator) NSERC/CSP $472,578 Vegetation control and forest bird diversity (co-investigator) - Environ. Can. $55,000  J.A. McLean  Assessment of die impacts of die white pine weevil at die Kalamalka Research Station reciprocal cross - Green Plan CFS $5,000 Biology of die spruce weevil in a reciprocal cross plantation at die Kalamalka Forestry Centre - BC MoF $7,000 Characterization of white pine weevil Pissodes strobi (co-investigator) Green Plan CFS $12,000  G. Namkoong  Managing forest tree genetic variance for climate change - NSERC $70,000  J.D. Nelson  Loughborough Inlet forest planning Western Forest Products $20,000 Quesnel Lake forest planning West Fraser Mills Ltd. $25,000 A Tactical Landscape Analysis System (ATLAS) - CFS $53,000 Integration of Midas harvesting scheduling algorithm into ATLAS Management Decision Support System McGregor Model For. Assoc. $10,000 ATLAS modelling of total resource plans BCMoF $11,144 Golden TSA forest planning — strategic research plan for development of a forest planning decision support system BCMoF $25,000  36 UBC Faculty of Forestry  Decision support systems for forest land use planning - NSERC $18,000  L. Paszner  Fermentation of alcoholic spent pulping liquors - CAN MET $46,630 Allotropic transformations in processed cellulose fibers - NSERC $23,000  C. Prescott  Effects of silvicultural systems on organic matter decomposition and nutrient leaching in a Montane forest (co-investigor) CFS $48,000 Nutrition and sustainability of hybrid poplar plantations (co-investigator) SCBC $16,610 Influence of tree species on rates of nitrogen mineralization and litter decomposition in coastal B.C. - BC MoF $29,954 Litter input and decomposition in the Sicamous Creek Silvicultural Systems Project - BC MoF $2,000 Dynamics of coarse woody debris in wet and dry ESSF forest sites - BC MoF $2,500 Predicting rates of organic matter decomposition in forests and silvicultural systems in B.C. - BC MoF $19,120  H.G.L. Prion  Seismic retrofit of building frames widi grouted steel tubes - NSERC $14,000 Seismic resistance of heavy timber connections (co-investigator) - Industry, Science & Technology Canada $50,000 Model verification of glulam beam program (co-investigator) Can. Wood Council $30,000 Steel plate shear walls in building frames NSERC $143,000  J.N.R. Ruddick  Industrial Research Chair in wood preservation - NSERC $25,721 Bioremediation of AAC-treated waste AKZO America $28,155  J.N. Saddler  Senior Chair in Forest Products Biotechnology - NSERC/Industry $134,121 Development of antibody-based immunoassays for resin acids in industrial process streams and effluents (co-investigator) NSERC $51,000 Coordination of quality assurance roundrobin for resin acid analyses Environ. Can. $5,000 Impact of resin acids on biomass yield and granulation in UASB reactors, treating BCTMP pulp mill waste water in the Fraser River Basin - Environ. CanJQuesnel River Pulp/NRC/IRAP $70,438 Analysis of pulp hydrolysate Alcell Technologies $10,356 Treatment of effluents diat are a by-product of RF/V wood drying - COI I $30,975 Mechanism of xylanase prebleaching of kraft pulps (co-investigator) SCBC $62,800 Use of cellulase enzyme components to determine limitations in hydrolysis of cellulosic substrates - NSERC $85,500 Development of an immunoassay for resin acid detection in pulp waste water streams MacMillan Bloedel $3,000 Steam pretreatment of softwood residues CANMET $15,542  S.E. Salcudean  Optimization-based controller design/ teleoperation control - NSERC $27,000 Force-feedback control of feller buncher BCASI $10,000 Vibration isolation widi active magnetic suspension - Can. Space Agency $122,000 Medical robotics/medical devices IRIS NCE $37,000 Haptic interfaces - IRIS NCE $51,000 Semi-autonomous control of hydraulic machines - IRIS NCE/BCASI $52,000 Motion-scaling teleoperation system for microsurgery - SCtiC $75,000  P.R. Steiner  Organization of wood elements in a composite mat - CFS/NSERC/Forintek/ MacMillan Bloedel $50,995  Manipulation of wood composite structure to enhance performance (co-investigator) NSERC $78,650 Robotics system for wood mat formation (co-investigator) - NSERC $58,130 Spatial structure of wood composites NSERC $24,000  T.P. Sullivan  Standardized mediodologies for die inventory of components of biodiversity: pikas and sciurids - BC MoELP $5,000 Influence of vegetation management on diversity of plants, small mammals, birds and furbearers - BC MoF $71,200 Mountain beaver, porcupine, and woodrat: Standardized inventory mediodologies for components of biodiversity of British Columbia - BC MoELP $5,000 Relationships between coarse woody debris, vegetation, small mammals, and forest soils (co-investigator) BC MoF/NSERC $135,800 Integrated management of forest mammal pests: Semiochemicals and diversionary foods - NSERC $111,700  BJ. van der Kamp  Management of root disease in the interior by inoculum removal and use of alternative species - CFS/BC MoF $4,000 Evaluating die resistance of western larch to Armillaria root disease CFS/BC MoF $28,000 Variability and stability in native forest tree pathosystems during domestication of die host - NSERC $11,550  G.F. Weetman  Publication of die SCHIRP syntiiesis report CFS/BC MoF $7,920 Growth response of western hemlock and Douglas-fir to fertilization: A study of response mechanisms - BC MoF $40,000 Forest nutrition and fertilization studies NSERC $24,786  K.K.Y. Wong  Mechanism of xylanase prebleaching of kraft pulps (co-investigator) SCBC $62,800  1994 Annual Report  37  EXTRAMURAL FUNDING & SPONSORED RESEARCH  HIS list includes documents published between April 1, 1994 and March 31, 1995. Names T appearing in bold-face type are those of UBC Forestry Faculty members. For further information on any of these publications (many of which are available in libraries), please contact the appropriate Faculty member directly.  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  Amarasinghe, V. and J.E. Carlson. 1994. Subcellular localization of polyamines in embryogenic callus of white spruce. Can. J. Bot. 72:788-793. Ammer, CH„ P. Burschel and A. Brunner. 1994. Erste Ergebnisse ueber die Eignung verschiedcner Baumarten zur Rekultivierung von Tonabbauflaechen. Forstwiss. Centralblatt 113:175-193. Avramidis, S. 1994. Drying thick lumber in a reduced ambient pressure and widi internal heat generation, pp. 81-90 in Proc. 1st Int'l Conf. on the Development of Wood Science/ Technology and Forestry. England. Avramidis, S. and F. Liu. 1994. Drying characteristics of tiiick lumber in a laboratory radio-frequency/vacuum dryer. Drying Technology 12(8): 1963-1981. Avramidis, S. and R.L. Zwick. 1994. High frequency drying of thick lumber, pp. 13-30 in Proc. 15tli Annual Meeting of the Canadian Wood Preservation Association. Toronto, Canada. Avramidis, S. and S.G. Hatzikiriakos. 1995. Convective heat and mass transfer in nonisothermal moisture desorption. Holzforchung 49(2): 163-167. Avramidis, S., F. Liu and R.L. Zwick. 1994. Radio-frequency/vacuum drying of softwoods, pp. 109-118 in Proc. Profitable Solutions for Quality Drying of Softwoods and Hardwoods Conf. Charlotte, USA. Avramidis, S., S.G. Hatzikiriakos and J.F. Siau. 1994. An irreversible thermodynamics model for unsteady-state nonisothermal moisture diffusion in wood. Wood Sci. Technol. 28(5):349-358. Banerjee, S„ J. Little, M. Chen, B.T. Luck, C. Breuil, and D.L. Brown. 1994. Production and characterization of monoclonal antibodies to the sapstaining fungus Opliiostoma piceae. Can. J. Microbiol. 40:35-44. Barichello, R.R., R.M. Porter and G.C. van Kooten. 1994. Institutions, economic incentives and sustainable agriculture. Agricultural Economics Working Paper #94-1. UBC, Vancouver. 43 pp. Barrett, J.D. and F. Lam. 1994. Factors affecting die strength of structural lumber.  38 UBC Faculty of Forestry  In Proc. 1994 Pacific Timber Engineering Conf. 3:69-77. Barrett, J.D. and P. Lau. 1994. Factors affecting reliability of light-framing wood members exposed to fire - a critical review. J. Fire & Materials 18:339-349. Barrett, J.D. and W. Lau. 1994. Canadian Lumber Properties. Published by the Canadian Wood Council. 345 pp. Barrett, J.D., F. Lam and W. Lau. 1995. Size effects in visually graded softwood structural lumber. J. Materials in Civil Engineering ASCE 7(1): 19-30. Berry, J.A., J. Collatz, R.D. Guy, and M.L. Fogel. 1994. The compensation point: Can a physiological concept be applied to global cycles of carbon and oxygen? pp. 234-248 in N.E. Tolbert and J. Preiss (eds.), Regulation of Atmospheric C 0 and 0 by Photosyntlietic Carbon Metabolism. Oxford University Press, N.Y. Binkley, C.S. 1994. Technology challenges for Canada's forest sector, pp. 1-22 in Proc. Fifteenth Annual Meeting of the Canadian Wood Preservation Association. Binkley, C.S., M. Percy, W.A. Thompson, and I.B. Vertinsky. 1994. A general equilibrium analysis of the economic impact of a reduction in harvest-levels in British Columbia. For. Cliron. 70:449-454. Binkley, C.S. and G.C. van Kooten. 1994. Integrating climatic change and forests: Economic and ecologic assessments. Climatic Change 28:91-110. Bootli, M.I. and P.L. Marshall. 1994. Modelling forest development in the Mackenzie Basin under a changing climate, pp. 310314 in S.J. Cohen (ed.), Mackenzie Basin Impact Study (MDIS). Interim Report #2. Proc. Six tli Biennial AES/DIAND Meeting on Northern Climate & Mid Study Workshop of die Mackenzie Basin Impact Study. Yellowknife, NWT. Bracher, G.A. and P.A. Murtha. 1994. Estimation of foliar macronutrients and chlorophyll in Douglas-fir seedlings by leaf reflectance. Can. J. Remote Sensing 20(2): 102-115. Braun, C.E., K. Martin, T.E. Remington, and J.R. Young. 1994. Nordi American grouse: issues and strategies for the 21st century. 2  2  pp. 428-438 in Transactions of the 59th North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conf., Washington, D.C. Breuil, C., L. Abraham and C. Yagodnik. 1995. Staining fungi growing in softwood produces proteinases and aminopeptidases. Material und Organismen 4:1-11. Brunner, A. 1994. Oekologische Lichtmessung im Wald. Forstarchiv 65:133-138. Brunner, A. and J. Huss. 1994. Die Entwicklung von Bergmischwaldkulturen in den Chiemgauer Alpen. Forstwiss. Centralblatt 113:194-203. Bunnell, F.L. and L.A. Dupuis. 1994. Canadian-based literature: implications to conservation and management. Ecoscience 1:87-92. Bunnell, F.L. and L.L. Kremsater. 1994. Tactics for maintaining biodiversity in forested ecosystems. In I. Thompson (ed.), Proc. Int'l Union of Game Biologists XXI Congress 1: 62-72. Bunnell, F.L. and L.A. Dupuis. 1995. Conservation biology's literature revisited: wine or vinaigrette? Wildl. Soc. Bull. 23:56-62. Burton, P J . , S.G. Cumming, M. Joy, B. Klinkenberg, F.K.A. Schmiegelow, and J.N.M. Smith. 1994. Experimental habitat fragmentation and simulation of landscape dynamics in die boreal mixedwood: A Pilot Study. Project Report No. 5016, CanadaAlberta Partnership Agreement in Forestry (PAIF), Edmonton, Alberta. 67 pp. Burton, P.J. 1995. The Mendelian compromise: a vision for equitable land use allocation. Land Use Policy 12(l):63-68. Burton, P J . and F.A. Bazzaz. 1995. Invading tree seedlings respond differently in different patches of old-field vegetation: Photosynthesis and water relations. J. Ecol. 83:99-112. Carlson, J.E., Y-P. Hong, G.R. Brown and J.C. Glaubitz. 1994. FISH, DNA amplification markers and conifers, pp. 69-83 in P.M. Gresshoff (ed.), Plant Genome Analysis. CRC Press. Chambers, Alan. 1995. Sustainable development: The ultimate management puzzle. The BC Professional Forester Forum Jan/Feb 1:9-10. Chan-McLeod, A.C.A., R.G. White and D.F. Holleman. 1994. Effects of protein and energy intake, body condition, and season on nutrient partitioning and milk production in Caribou and reindeer. Can. J. Zool. 72: 938-947.  Chan-McLeod, A.C.A., Robert G. White and Donald E. Russell. 1995. Body mass and composition indices for female barrenground caribou. J. Wildl. Manage. 59(2):278-291. Chanway, C.P. and F.B. Holl. 1994. Growdi of outplanted lodgepole pine seedlings one year after inoculation with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. For. Sci. 40:238-246. Chanway, C.P. and F.B. Holl. 1994. Ecological growdi response specificity of two Douglasfir ecotypes inoculated widi coexistent beneficial rhizosphere bacteria. Can. J. Bot. 72:582-586. Chen, T., S. Carriere, C. Breuil, and J. Hatton. 1994. Solid phase extraction can rapidly separate lipid classes from acetone extracts of wood and pulp. Tappi J. 77(3):235-240. Chen, T„ Z. Wang, Y. Gao, C. Breuil, and J.V. Hatton. 1994. Wood extractives and pitch problems: Analysis and partial removal by biological treatment. Appita J. 47:463-466. Cohen, David H. 1994. A history of die marketing of British Columbia softwood lumber. For. Chron. 70(5):578-584. Cohen, David H., D. Michael Ainsworth and Bill Wilson. 1994. Matching innovative panel processing technologies widi Japanese market requirements. FRDA Working Paper WP-01-94.05, CFS, Victoria, B.C. 23 pp. Cohen, David H., Derek Goudie and Bill Wilson. 1994. Assessment of market opportunities for British Columbia lumber in die California furniture industry. FRDA Working Paper WP-01-94.08, CFS, Victoria, B.C. 39 pp. Cohen, David H., Glen Untereiner and Bill Wilson. 1994. An annotated bibliography to value-added wood products research. WP-01-93.05, CFS, Victoria, B.C. 72 pp. Cohen, David H. 1995. Products, management and marketing and die future of Nova Scoda's forest sector, pp. 92-95 in Proc. Developing Strategic Direction for Nova Scotia's Forest Sector. Collins, S.L., S.M. Glenn and D.J. Gibson. 1995. Experimental analysis of intermediate disturbance and initial floristic composition: decoupling cause and effect. Ecology 76(2):486-492. Cui, Futong and John N.R. Ruddick. 1994. A new procedure for die analysis of chlorophenols in preservative treated utility poles. Int'l J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 57:73-82.  1994 Annual Report  39  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  FAC U LTY PUBLICATIONS  Cumming, S.G., P.J. Burton, M. Mapili, and S. Prahacs. 1994. Potential conflicts between timber supply and habitat protection in die boreal mixedwood of Alberta, Canada: A Simulation Study. For. Ecol. Manage. 68:281-302. Dang, Q.L., C.Y. Xie, C. Ying, and R.D. Guy. 1994. Genetic variation of ecophysiological traits in red alder (Alnus rubra Bong.). Can. J. For. Res. 24:2150-2156. Daust, D.K. and F.L. Bunnell. 1994. Geographic information systems and forest wildlife: recent developments and future prospects. In I. Thompson (ed.), Proc. Int'l Union of Game Biologists XXI Congress 1:348-356. Dharmawardhana, D.P., B.E. Ellis and J.E. Carlson. 1995. A P-glucosidase from lodgepole pine xylem specific for the lignin precursor coniferin. Plant Physiology 107:331-400. Doyle, A.K. and J.N.R. Ruddick. 1994. The microdistribution of alkylammonium compounds in ponderosa pine sapwood. Holzforschung 48(2): 106-112. Dwinell, L.D., S. Avramidis and J.E. Clark. 1994. Evaluation of a radio-frequency/ vacuum dryer for eradicating die pine wood nematode in green sawn wood. For. Prod. J. 44(4): 19-24. Ekberg, L., G. Eriksson, G. Namkoong, C. Nilsson, and L. Norell. 1994. Genetic correlations for growdi rhythm and growdi capacity at ages 3-8 years in provenance hybrids of Picea abies. Scand. J. For. Res. 9:25-33. El-Kassaby, Y.A. and G. Namkoong. 1994. Impact of forest management practices on genetic diversity and its conservation, pp. 205-213 in R.M. Drysdale et al. (eds.), Proc. Int'l Symp. on Genetic Conservation and Production of Tropical Forest Tree Seed. ASEAN-Canada, Forest Tree Seed Centre Project, Thailand. Ellis, S. 1995. Correlation of waferboard internal bond and wood failure as measured by image analysis. Wood and Fiber Sci. 27(1): 79-83. Fannin, R.J. 1994. Field observations on die load-strain-time behaviour of geogrid reinforcement. Can. Geotech. J. 31(4):564-569. Fannin, R.J., Y.P. Vaid and Y.C. Shi. 1994. Filtration behaviour of non-woven geotextiles. Can. Geotech. J. 31(4):555-563.  40  UBC Faculty of Forestry  Fannin, R.J. and H. Choy. 1995. Factors influencing the long-term flow capacity of geonets. In Proc. Geosyndietics '95. 1:267-280. Filiatrault, A., M. Cervantes, B. Folz, and H.G.L. Prion. 1994. Pounding of buildings during earthquakes: A Canadian perspective. Can. J. Civil Engrg. 21:251-265. Gao, Y„ C. Breuil and T. Chen. 1994. Utilization of triglycerides, fatty acids and resin acids in lodgepole pine wood by a sapstaining fungus Ophiostoma piceae. Material und Organismen 28:105 118. Gao, Y„ T. Chen and C. Breuil. 1995. Identification and quantification of nonvolatile lipophilic substances in fresh sapwood and heartwood of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl.) by solid phase extraction and gas chromatography. Holzforschung 49:20-28. Gaston Chris, David Cohen and Robert Prins. 1994. Environmentalism as a driver for wood product quality. FEPA Working Paper #204, UBC, Vancouver. 22 pp. Green, R.N. and K. Klinka. 1994. Field guide to die identification and interpretation of ecosystems in die Vancouver Forest Region. Land Manage. Handbook No. 28, B.C. Min. For., Victoria, B.C. 285 pp. Green, S.I., J.R. Garfitt and G.G. Young. 1994. Log boom drag measurement at sea. Marine Technology 31(2): 145-148. Hacksel, P. and S.E. Salcudean. Estimation of environment forces and rigid-body velocities using observes, pp. 931-936 in Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. on Robotics and Automation, San Diego, USA. Haley, D. 1994. New directions in Swedish forest policy. The BC Professional Forester Forum Sep/Oct 5:34-35. Haley, D. 1994. British Columbia's forest renewal plan: A commentary. The BC Professional Forester Forum May/Jun 3:31. Hartley, I. and S. Avramidis. 1994. NMR studies of water interactions in wood, pp. 10-15 in Proc. 2nd Symp. on Wood Structure and Properties. Zvolen, Slovakia. Hatzikiriakos, S.G. and S. Avramidis. 1994. Fractal dimension of wood surfaces from sorption isotherms. Wood Sci. Technol. 28(4):275-284. Hinch, S.G., K.M. Somers and N.C. Collins. 1994. Spatial autocorrelation and the assessment of habitat-abundance relationships in littoral fish. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 51:701-712.  Howard, A.F., G.G. Young and D. Rutherford. 1994. Alternative silvicultural and harvesting systems for second-growth forests in British Columbia. FRDA II Working Paper, WP-6-003. 94 pp. Keenan, R.J., C. Messier and J.P. Kimmins. 1994. Effects of clearcutting and soil mixing on soil properties and understory biomass in western red cedar and western hemlock forests on northern Vancouver Island, Canada. For. Ecol. Manage. 68:251-261. Kelley, A.J. and S.E. Salcudean. 1994. The development of a force feedback mouse and its integration into a graphical user interface. In Proc. Int'l Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Chicago, USA. DSC 55(l):287-294. Kimmins, J.P. 1994. Old-growdi forests in Canada. What are diey, where are they, how extensive are they, and are diey a sustainable resource? pp. 3-10 in Forestry on die Hill. Special Issue #5; Old Growth Forests. Canadian Forestry Association, Ottawa. Kimmins, J.P. 1994. Ecological reserves: an essential component of a forest land use strategy, pp. 1-5 in Forestry on the Hill. Special Issue #6, Protected Areas. Canadian Forestry Association, Ottawa. Kimmins, J.P. and K.A. Scoullar. 1994. Incorporation of nutrient cycling in the design of sustainable, stand-level, forest management systems using the ecosystem management model FORECAST and its output format FORTOON. In L - 0 Nilsson (ed.), Nutrient Uptake and Cycling in Forest Ecosystems. Ecosystem Res. Rep. No. 13 EUR 15465. ISBN 92-826-6468-6. Kimmins, J.P. 1995. Sustainable development in Canadian forestry in die face of changing paradigms. For. Chron. 71(l):33-40. Klinka, K., R.E. Carter and G.J. Kayaliara. 1994. Forest reproduction mediods for coastal British Columbia: principles, criteria, and a stand-level guide. For. Chron. 70:569-577. Klinka, K., Q. Wang and G.J. Kayaliara. 1994. Quantitative characterization of soil nutrient regimes in some boreal soils. Can. J. Soil Sci. 74:29-38. Koshy, Mathew P. and Donald T. Lester. 1994. Genetic variation of wood shrinkage in a progeny test of Douglas-fir. Can. J. For. Res. 24:1734-1740. Krautkraemer, J.A., G.C. van Kooten and D.L. Young. 1994. Incorporating risk aversion  into dynamic programming models: Reply. Amer. J. Ag. Econ. 76:965-967. Larocque, G.R. and P.L. Marshall. 1994. Crown development in red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) stands: I. Absolute and relative growth measures. Can. J. For. Res. 24:762-774. Larocque, G.R. and P.L. Marshall. 1994. Crown development in red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) stands: II. Relationship widi stem growtii. Can. J. For. Res. 24:775-784. Le, D.K., N R. Gilkes, D.G. Kilburn, R.C. Miller, J.N. Saddler, and R.A.J. Warren. 1994. A streptovidin-cellulose-binding domain fusion protein Uiat binds biotinylated proteins to cellulose. Enzyme & Microb. Technol. 16:497-500. Lee, D„ A.H.C. Yu, K.K.Y. Wong, and J.N. Saddler. 1994. Evaluation of die enzymatic susceptibility of cellulosic substrates using specific hydrolysis rates and enzyme adsorption. Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol. 45/46:407-415. Lee, D„ A.H.C. Yu and J.N. Saddler. 1995. Evaluation of cellulase recycling strategies for the hydrolysis of lignocellulosic substrates. Biotechnol. & Bioengineering 45:328-336. LeMay, V.M., D.E.N. Tait and B.J. van der Kamp. 1994. Classification of cedar, aspen and fir trees as decayed versus sound. Can. J. For. Res. 24:2068-2077. Lewis, K G., J.E. Carlson and J.A. McLean. Using RAPD markers to investigate genetic diversity of the white pine weevil (Pissodes strobi). pp. 184-202 in R.I. Alfaro el al. (eds.), The White Pine Weevil: Biology & Damage Management. FRDA Rep. #226. Li, K„ M. Chester, J.P. Kutney, J. Saddler, and C. Breuil. 1994. Production of polyclonal antibodies for die detection of dehydroabietic acid in pulp mill effluents. Analytical Letters 27(9): 1671-1688. Li, X.J., P.J. Burton and C.L. Leadem. 1994. Interactive effects of light and stratification on the germination of some B.C. conifers. Can. J. Bot. 72:1635-1646. Liu, F„ S. Avramidis and R.L. Zwick. 1994. Drying diick western hemlock in a laboratory radio-frequency/vacuum dryer with constant and variable electrode voltage. For. Prod. J. 44(6):71-75. Liu, F„ S. Avramidis and S. Ellis. 1994. Simulation of heat and mass transfer in wood during drying under constant ambient conditions. Holzforschung 48(3):236-240.  1994 Annual Report  41  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  FACULTY PU BLICATIONS  Liu, R., J.N.R. Ruddick and L. Jin. 1994. The influence of copper (II) chemicals on die weathering of treated wood. Part I. ACQ treated wood. Int'l Research Group on Wood Preservation. IRGAVP/94-30040. 9 pp. Maness, T.C. 1994. The benefits from market timing controls in sawmill production management. For. Prod. J. 44(5):27-31. Maness, T.C. and W.S. Donald. 1994. Effect of optimal rotation setting on value recovery in Chip 'N Saw sawmills. Wood and Fiber Sci. 26(4):546-555. Maringer, U„ K.K.Y. Wong, J.N. Saddler, and C.P. Kubicek. 1995. A functional comparison on two pairs of P-l,4-xy kinases from Trichoderma harzianum E58 and Trichoderma reesei Rut C-30. Biotechnol. Appl. Biochem. 24:49-65. Marshall, P.L. 1994. Comments on "12% Protected Areas." The BC Professional Forester Forum Sep/Oct 5:14-15. Martin, K. and B-E. Saedier. 1994. Age specific reproductive performance in birds die biological mechanisms involved. J. fur Oniitiiologie 135:381. McBain, A., F. Cui, L. Herbert, and John N.R. Ruddick. 1994. The microbial degradation of chlorophenolic preservatives in spent, pressure-treated timber. Biodcgradation 6:47-55. McDonald, M.A., B.J. Hawkins, C.E. I'rescott, and J.P. Kimmins. 1994. Growdi and foliar nutrition of western red cedar fertilized widi sewage sludge, pulp sludge, fish silage and wood ash on nordieni Vancouver Island. Can. J. For. Res. 24:297-301. McLean, J.A. 1994. IPM in the forests of British Columbia, Canada. For. Ecol. Manage. 65:3-9. McLean, J.A. 1994. Silvicultural control of the white pine weevil at die UBC Malcolm Knapp Research Forest, pp. 248-253 in R.I. Alfaro el al. (eds.), The White Pine Weevil: Biology Damage and Management. FRDA Rep. #226. McNay, R.S. and F.L. Bunnell. 1994. Behavioral limits to movement: the effect on habitat choices for Columbian black-tailed deer. In I. Thompson (ed.), Proc. Int'l Union of Game Biologists XXI Congress 2:295-303. McNay, R.S., J.A. Morgan and F.L. Bunnell. 1994. Characterising independence of observations in movements of a migratory species. J. Wild!. Manage. 58:422-429.  42  UBC Faculty of Forestry  McNeel, J.F. and G.G. Young. 1994. Optimal yarding road widdi model for skyline yarding. For. Prod. J. 44(2):45-50. Messier, C., R. Keenan and J.P. Kimmins. 1995. The effects of soil mixing on soil nutrient status, recovery of competing vegetation and conifer growth on cedarhemlock cutovers in coastal British Columbia. New Forests 9:163-179. Morris, P.I., J. Morrell and J.N.R. Ruddick. 1994. A review of incising as a means of improving treatment of sawnwood. Int'l Research Group on Wood Preservation. IRGAVP/94-40020. 24 pp. Muhairwe, C.K., V.M. LeMay and A. Kozak. 1994. Effects of adding tree, stand and site variables to Kozak's variable-exponent taper equation. Can. J. For. Res. 24:252-259. Murtha, P.A. 1995. Airborne SAR assists correction of forest map. In Proc. 1995 Ann. Meet., ASPRS. Bethesda, MD. 2:291-298. Namkoong, G. 1994. Causes and effects of genetic erosion, pp. 139-143 in R.M. Drysdale et al. (eds.), Proc. Int'l Symp. on Genetic Conservation and Production of Tropical Forest Tree Seed. ASEAN-Canada, Forest Tree Seed Centre Project, Thailand. Namkoong, Gene. 1994. Impact of global change on genetic diversity of temperate ecosystems. In T.J.B. Boyle and C.E.B. Boyle (eds.), Diversity, Temperate Ecosystems, and Global Change. SpringerVerlag Berlin Heidelberg. NATO ASI Series 120:145-156. Namkoong, G. 1994. Ediics in tree breeding and conservation, pp. 17-18 in Proc. Marcus Wallenberg Foundation Symp. #9. Sweden. Namkoong, G. 1994. Breeding strategies of resistance, pp. 218-221 in R.I. Alfaro et al. (eds.), The White Pine Weevil: Biology Damage and Management. FRDA Rep. #226.  Namkoong, G. 1994. An evolutionary concept of breeding. The Marcus Wallenberg Foundation, Falun, Sweden. 7 pp. Nazhad, M.M. and L. Paszner. 1994. Fundamentals of strengdi loss in recycled paper. TappiJ. 77(a): 171-179. Nazhad, M.M. and L. Paszner. 1994. Temperature effects on paper recycling. Progress in Paper Recycling, pp. 22-28. Nazhad, M.M., L.P. Ramos, L. Paszner, and J.N. Saddler. 1995. Structural changes affecting die initial enzymatic hydrolysis of recycled paper. J. Enzyme & Microb. Technol. 17(1): 1-7.  Nelson, H„ C. Gaston and D. Haley. 1994. The structure of pulp chip markets in the interior of British Columbia. FEPA Working Paper #197, UBC, Vancouver. 35 pp. Nelson, J. and G. Liu. 1994. Scheduling cut blocks with simulated annealing, pp. 28-36 in Proc. Int'l Seminar on Forest Operations under Mountainous Conditions. IUFRO S.3.60 Mountain Logging. Northeast Forestry Univ., Harbin, China. Nelson, J.D. and T. Shannon. 1994. Timber supply assessment of biodiversity guidelines in British Columbia, pp. 226-234 in Proc. Int'l Seminar on Forest Operations under Mountainous Conditions. IUFRO S.3.60. Northeast Forestry Univ., Harbin, China. Nelson, S„ K.K.Y. Wong, J.N. Saddler, and R.P. Beatson. 1994. The use of xylanase for peroxide bleaching of kraft pulps derived from different softwood species, pp. 51-55 in International Pulp Bleaching Conf., Vancouver, B.C. Nercessian, G. and D.L. Golding. 1994. Effects of waste water irrigation on a silvo-pastoral plantation in Vernon, B.C. pp. 63-67 in Proc. Third North American Agroforestry Conf. Iowa State Univ., Ames, Iowa. Newton, P.F. and G.F. Weetnian. 1994. Stand density management diagram for managed black spruce stands. For. Chron. 70(1): 65-74. Oliveira, L., S. Avramidis and Y. Zhang. 1994. Effect of species and basic density on the drying characteristics of 4x4 hem-fir lumber, pp. 48-54 in Proc. 45tli Ann. Meet. Western Dry Kiln Association. Vancouver, B.C. Orbay, L., J.A. McLean, B.J. Sauder, and P.L. Cottell. 1994. Economic losses resulting from ambrosia beetle infestation of sawlogs in coastal British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 24:1266-1276. Otsuka, F„ G.C. van Kooten and W.R. Wilson. 1994. The Japanese market for dimensional lumber: Institutional and factors affecting trade flows. Agricultural Economics Working Paper #94-3. UBC, Vancouver. 19 pp. I'earse, Peter H. 1994. Fishing rights and fishing policy: The development of property rights as instruments of fisheries management. pp. 76-91 in C.W. Voigtlander (ed.), The State of the World's Fisheries, Proc. World Fisheries Congress, Plenary Sessions, Athens. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Prt. Ltd., New Delhi.  Pearse, Peter H. and Janna Jessee. 1994. Economic instruments for managing die resources of forest landscapes. Environ. Can. (DOE FRAP 1994-06). Vancouver. 50 pp. Plackett, D.V. and D.H. Cohen. 1994. Chemically modified wood composites: Technical issues and market prospects, pp. 38-46 in Proc. Second Pacific Rim Bio-Based Composites Symp., Vancouver, B.C. Compiled by Paul Steiner, Faculty of Forestry, UBC. Ponoy, B„ Y-P. Hong and J.E. Carlson. 1994. Genetic diversity in chloroplast DNA in Douglas-fir in British Columbia. Can. J. For. 24:1824-1834. Prescott, C.E. and M.A. McDonald. 1994. Effects of carbon and lime additions on mineralization of C and N in humus from cutovers of western red cedar-western hemlock forests on northern Vancouver Island. Can. J. For. Res. 24:2432-2438. Prescott, C.E. and C.M. Preston. 1994. Nitrogen mineralization and decomposition in forest floors in adjacent plantations of western red cedar, western hemlock and Douglas-fir. Can. J. For. Res. 24:2424-2431. Prescott, C.E. and G.F. Weetman (eds.). 1994. Salal Cedar Hemlock Integrated Research Program: A Synthesis. Faculty of Forestry, UBC. 85 pp. Prescott, C.E. 1995. Does nitrogen availability control rates of litter decomposition in forests? Plant Soil 168-169:83-88. Prince, A.M.J., S.E. Low, T.J. Lissimore, R.E. Diewert, and S.G. Hinch. 1995. Sodium bicarbonate and acetic acid: An effective anesthetic for field use. N. Amer. J. Fish. Manage. 15:170-172. Prion, H.G.L. and J. Boehme. 1994. Thinwalled steel tubes filled with high strength concrete. Can. J. Civil Engrg. 21:207-218. Prion, H.G.L. and R.O. Foschi. 1994. Cyclic behaviour of dowel type connections. In Proc. Pacific Timber Engineering Conf., Gold Coast, Australia. 2:19-25. Prion, H.G.L. and A.B. McLellan. 1994. Through-bolt connections for concrete-filled hollow structural steel sections, pp. 239-250 in Proc. Structural Stability Research Council Annual Technical Meeting. Salcudean, S. and T. Vlaar. 1994. On the emulation of stiff walls and static friction with a magnetically levitated input-output device. In Proc. Int'l Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Chicago, USA. DSC 55(l):303-309.  1994 Annual Report  43  FAC U LTY PUBLICATIONS  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  Salcudean, S. and J. Yan. 1994. Towards a force-reflecting motion-scaling system for microsurgery, pp. 2296-2301 in Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. on Robotics and Automation, San Diego, USA. Salcudean, S.E., S. Bachmann and D. BenDov. 1994. A six degree-of-freedom wrist with pneumatic suspension, pp. 2444-2450 in Proc. IEEE Int'l Conf. on Robotics and Automation, San Diego, USA. Salcudean, S.E., P. Drexel, D. Ben-Dov and P.D. Lawrence. 1994. A six-degrees-offreedom, one person, hydraulic motion simulator, pp. 2437-2443 in IEEE Int'l Conf. on Robotics and Automation, San Diego, USA. Scott, A. and G.C. van Kooten. 1994. Constitutional crisis and die economics of environment and resource development in Western Canada. Agricultural Economics Working Paper #94-11. UBC, Vancouver. 19 pp. Sieben, B.G., D.L. Spittlehouse, R.A. Benton, and J.A. McLean. 1994. A first approximation of the effect of global wanning on die white pine weevil hazard in die Mackenzie River drainage basin, pp. 316-328 in S.J. Cohen (ed.), Mackenzie Basin Impact Study Interim Report #2, Environment Canada. Sun, L.J., J.E. Carlson and B.J. van der Kanip. 1995. A rapid procedure for preparing high molecular weight DNA from rust aeciospores for RAPD analysis, pp. 143-148 in Proc. 4di IUFRO Rusts of Pines Working Party Conf., Tsukuba, Japan. Sun, L.J., J.E. Carlson and B.J. van der Kamp. 1995. Preliminary study of genetic variation in western gall rust fungus populations in British Columbia, Canada, using molecular markers, pp. 149-155 in Proc. 4di IUFRO Rusts of Pines Working Party Conf., Tsukuba, Japan. Tang, H. and J.N.R. Ruddick. 1994. Evaluating die potential of amine chemicals for use as wood protecting agents. Part I. Investigation of cation component of quaternary ammonium compounds. Int'l Research Group on Wood Preservation. IRGAVP/9430049. 7 pp. Thomas, D.W., K. Martin and H. Lapierre. 1994. Doubly labelled water measurements of field metabolic rate in white-tailed ptarmigan: variation in background isotope abundance and effect on C 0 production estimates. Can. J. Zool. 72:1967-1972. Thompson, W.A., G.C. van Kooten and I. Vertinsky. 1994. Do forest management 2  44  UBC Faculty of Forestry  strategies change when all values are accounted for? Evaluation of silvicultural investments widiin a general equilibrium framework. FEPA Working Paper #203, UBC, Vancouver. 30 pp. Troughton, G.E., A.W. Andersen, S. Avramidis, and F. Liu. 1994. Radiofrequency/vacuum veneer drying experiments. Holz als-Roh und Werkstoff, 52:278. van der Kamp, B.J. 1994. Pine stem diseases and management of stand density in the British Columbia interior. For. Chron. 70:773-779. van Kooten, G.C. 1994. Modeling public land use tradeoffs on Vancouver Island. FEPA Working Paper #207. UBC, Vancouver. 24 pp. van Kooten, G.C. 1994. Economics of biodiversity and preservation of forestlands in British Columbia. FRDA Report No. 211. Forestry Canada/B.C. Min. For., Victoria, van Kooten, G.C. 1994. Economics of public land use in British Columbia: Nonmarket values as an indicator of sustainability. Agricultural Economics Working Paper #94-9. UBC, Vancouver. 21 pp. van Kooten, G.C. 1994. Review of dynamic programming. Robert C. Taylor (ed.). Can. J. Ag. Econ. 42:427-432. van Kooten, G.C. and S. Thiessen. 1994. Estimating economic damages of wind erosion from draw down of a reservoir in the interior of British Columbia. Agricultural Economics Working Paper #94-5. UBC, Vancouver. 17 pp. van Kooten, G.C. and W.A. Thompson. 1994. The forest industry on Vancouver Island: An examination of economic tradeoffs. FEPA Tech. Paper T-9, UBC, Vancouver. 53 pp. van Kooten, G.C., D.L. Young and J.A. Krautkraemer. 1994. A safety-first approach to dynamic cropping decisions. Agricultural Economics Working Paper #95-2. UBC, Vancouver. 16 pp. van Kooten, G.C. 1995. Economics of protecting wilderness areas and old-growdi timber in British Columbia. For. Chron. 71:52-58. van Kooten, G.C. and P.I.D. Kinyua. 1995. Range management on private lands in Kenya to protect wildlife populations: A dynamic simulation model with fuzzy control. Agricultural Economics Working paper #95-1. UBC, Vancouver. 28 pp. van Kooten, G.C., C.S. Binkley and G. Delcourt. 1995. Effect of carbon taxes  and subsidies on optimal forest rotation age and supply of carbon services. FEPA Working Paper #210, UBC, Vancouver. 16 pp. Ventura, C.E., A.F. Felber and H.G.L. Prion. 1994. Dynamic evaluation of a medium span bridge by modal testing, pp. 545-556 in Proc. Short and Medium Span Bridge Conf., Halifax, Nova Scotia. Ventura, C.E., A.F. Felber, H.G.L. Prion, P.R. Taylor, and A. van Selst. 1995. Port Mann Bridge - modal testing and model correlation - Part II: dynamic modelling and correlation, pp. 1157-1163 in Proc. 13di Int'l Modal Analysis Conf., Nashville, Tenn. Vercammen, J. and G.C. van Kooten. 1994. Moral hazard cycles and individual-coverage crop insurance. Amer. J. Ag. Econ. 76:250261.  Vertinsky, I., S. Brown, II. Schreier, W.A. Thompson, and G.C. van Kooten. 1994. A hierarchical-GIS-based decision model for forest management: The systems approach. Interfaces 24:38-53. Voss, A., J.N.R. Ruddick, W.J. Homan, H. Militz, and H. Willeitner. 1994. An evaluation of die potential of Ion Mobility Spectrometry for detection of organic wood preservative components in solutions and treated wood. Int'l Research Group on Wood Preservation. IRG/WP/94-20038. 11 pp. Wang, G.G., P.L. Marshall and K. Klinka. 1994. Height growdi pattern of white spruce in relation to site quality. For. Ecol. Manage. 68:137-147. Wang, Liyu and Peter H. Pearse. 1994. The new legal regime for China's territorial sea. Ocean Development and International Law 25(4):431-442. Wang, Q„ G.G. Wang, K.D. Coates, and K. Klinka. 1994. Use of site factors to predict lodgepole pine and interior spruce site index in die Sub-Boreal Spruce zone. Res. Note No. 114, BC MoF, Victoria. 26 pp. Wang, Z„ T. Chen, Y. Gao. Y. Hiratsuka, and C. Breuil. 1995. Biological degradation of resin acids in wood chips by woodinhabiting fungi. Appl. Environ. Microbial. 61:222-225. Weetman, G.F. 1994. Design deficiencies in Canadian forest management. For. Chron. 70:644. Wiebe, K.L. and G.R. Bortolotti. 1994. Energetic efficiency of reproduction: the benefits of asynchronous hatching for American kestrels. J. Anim. Ecol. 63:551-560.  Wiebe, K.L. and K. Martin. 1994. Growing old in the cold: environment, age and reproduction in two ptarmigan species. J. fiir Ornithologie 135:385. Wiebe, K.L. and G.R. Bortolotti. 1995. Fooddependent benefits of asynchronous hatching in American kestrels. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 36:49-57. Wielgus, R.B. and F.L. Bunnell. 1994. Dynamics of a small, hunted brown bear population in soudiwestern Alberta, Canada. Biol. Cons. 67:161-166. Wielgus, R.B. and F.L. Bunnell. 1994. Sexual segregation and female grizzly bear avoidance of males. J. Wildl. Manage. 58:405-413. Wielgus, R.B., F.L. Bunnell, W.L. Wakkinen, and P.E. Zager. 1994. Population dynamics of the Selkirk Mountain grizzly bears. J. Wildl. Manage. 58:267-273. Woodward, J., L.M. Stephen, L.J. Koran, Jr., K.K.Y. Wong and J.N. Saddler. 1994. Enzymatic separation of high-quality uninked pulp fibers from recycled newspaper. Bio/Technology 12:905-908. Yan, J. and S.E. Salcudean. 1994. Design and control of a motion scaling system for microsurgery experiments, pp. 211-216 in Proc. First Int'l Symp. on Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery. Pittsburgh, PA. Yokota, S„ K.K.Y. Wong and J.N. Saddler. 1994. An initial evaluation of die role of lignin-carbohydrate complexes in the xylanase prebleaching of kraft pulps, pp. 7578 in Proc. 39th Annual Lignin Symp., Fukuoka City, Japan. Yokota, S„ K.K.Y. Wong, J.N. Saddler, and I.D. Reid. 1994. Molecular weight distribution of xylan/lignin mixtures from kraft pulps, pp. 47-50 in International Pulp Bleaching Conf., Vancouver, B.C. Zdgodnik, C„ J.A. Olson, C. Breuil, and A G. Robertson. 1994. A simple image analysis program for quantitative dot assays. Biological Techniques 8(5):357-362. Zhang, D. and C.S. Binkley. 1994. Informational efficiency of die Vancouver log market, and die financial risk of holding logs in storage. Can. J. For. Res. 24:550-557. Zwick, R.L. and S. Avramidis. 1994. Preliminary commercialization studies of the radio-frequency/vacuum drying process for diick softwoods, pp. 108-116 in Proc. Int'l Symp. on Theory and Practice of Vacuum Drying of Sawn Wood. Zvolen, Slovakia.  1994 Annual Report  45  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  HE UBC Malcolm Knapp Research Forest T at Maple Ridge and die Alex Fraser Research Forest at Williams Lake support  UNIVERSITY RESEARCH FORESTS  MUNRO, Donald D. B.S.F., M.S., Ph.D., R.P.F. Director  DAY, Ken B.Sc.F., R.P.F. Resident Forester Alex Fraser Research Forest Williams Lake  SANDERS, Peter B.S.F., M.F., R.P.F. Resident Silviculturist  research, education and demonstration in die practice of forestry. The Faculty of Forestry manages diese forests as outdoor scientific laboratories for students and researchers. Since 1949 scientists from UBC and elsewhere have conducted more than 625 research projects on the Malcolm Knapp Forest and over 92 research projects on die Alex Fraser Forest. Not only do these research projects yield valuable data, but they also support our education and demonstration programs. The Faculty holds two field schools annually on the Research Forests, one for diird year students at Alex Fraser in die fall and one for fourth year students at Malcolm Knapp in the spring. Harvesting operations continue to play a major role in the management of both forests, and harvest volumes are maintained at sustainable levels consistent widi die needs for research, education and integrated use. Revenues from harvesting partially finance die maintenance and operation of both forests. We offer continuing education programs, in the form of short courses and field trips at both forests. The Forest professional staff participate in teaching academic courses in die Faculty.  Malcolm Knapp Research Forest Maple Ridge  POWER, Cheryl B.S.F., R.P.F. Silviculture Forester Malcolm Knapp Research Forest Maple Ridge  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1994-95 Malcolm Knapp Research Forest  Researchers initiated a total of 18 new projects, mostly in familiar aspects of forestry. However, diis year tiiere were some unusual and exciting projects, these included: • The use of insects in determining time of deadi of homicide victims and/or illegally killed wildlife, • Medicinal plants of aboriginal peoples, and • The UBC/Laval liquid-mirror telescope. The Forest obtained approval to seek funding for die Loon Lake Camp redevelopment proposal. Harvesting was confined to road construction, rights-of-way construction and wind dirow salvage. The Board of Governors approved a Research Forests Endowment proposal and revenues totaling nearly $550,000 from the three year accelerated harvest program (completed in 1994) were directed to this endowment.  46 UBC Faculty of Forestry  Donald D. Munro Director  Alex Fraser Research Forest  The primary focus was to keep abreast of the tremendous changes in forestry happening diroughout British Columbia. Because diis research forest is operated on crown land under tenure, die impact of provincial policy has been significant. The Commission on Resources and Environment, die Cariboo Land Use Plan, die Forest Renewal Plan, and especially die Forest Practices Code are major governmental initiatives which will impact significandy on operations. Harvesting was curtailed to bark beetie salvage with approximately 2,439 m cut. Since the creation of die forest, bark beede infestation salvage has accounted for over 30% of the total volume harvested. Silviculture programs continued with planting of approximately 17,200 trees, and stand tending on 120 ha. Seventeen new research projects were initiated by Faculty, staff, and students from UBC plus investigators from odier colleges and government agencies. 3  PLANS FOR 1995-96 The highest priorities include a continuing emphasis on encouraging significant scientific research projects, increasing flexibility of die harvesting programs and securing contributions to the endowment fund. The Malcolm Knapp Forest will implement an urban interface management plan on a trial basis and will complete planning for the Loon Lake Camp redevelopment. The Alex Fraser Forest plans to construct 6 km of new roads, identify a site for an office and headquarters, revise die Management and Working Plan and complete die wildlife plan. For further information contact the Malcolm Knapp Research Forest at (604) 463-8148, fax (604) 463-2712 or the Alex Fraser Research Forest at (604) 392-2207, fax (604) 398-5708.  Andrew F. Howard Director  UR desire to increase die Faculty's participation in international research O and training activities conies at a time when  domestic demands for bodi teaching and research have reached all-time highs. This necessitates a slow, step-by-step approach to insure tiiat our international work actually enhances our capacity to serve domestic needs. An important step towards reducing die competition between obligations at home and opportunities abroad is financial independence. This year, for die first time, all of die core funding for international programs was obtained from external sources, and prospects for continued self-sufficiency are excellent. Early in die year we completed our strategic plan which bodi die Faculty's Executive Committee and the external Forestry Advisory Committee approved. The plan is designed to increase die involvement of Faculty in international projects on a strict cost-recovery basis. It calls for the creation of working groups made up of two or more Faculty members widi shared interests eitiier geographically or topically. These teams will meet regularly to develop strategies and plans of action for developing and executing programs of research and training. A China working group has already been formed and work has begun to investigate ways to increase our activities in this region of the world where British Columbia has such strong ties. Another important initiative — planned widi die help of die President's Office — is die internationalization of die undergraduate program. This project has diree components: internships, student exchanges, and die development of a joint degree program in International Forestry. The demand by our students for increased exposure to international issues and opportunities for study and work has never been higher. In cooperation widi die newly formed UBC Forestry Chapter of die International Forestry Students Association we intend to design and offer a comprehensive program for undergrads which will help open die door to die international world for Canadian students.  MEMORANDUMS OF UNDERSTANDING (MOUs) There has been considerable activity in connection widi our MOUs over the past year. Faculty members have volunteered to serve as Liaison Officers (LO) for our existing MOUs. Their role is to promote activity under the agreements by collaborating with counterparts at die partner institutions in die development of workplans. The status and assigned LOs of previously pending and new MOUs is as follows: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umea - Dr. G.F. Weetman (signed and active). University of Pertanian, Selangor, Malaysia - Dr. A.F. Howard (signed and active). Institute of Technology of Costa Rica, Cartago - Dr. A.F. Howard (awaiting signatures). Northeast Forestry University, Harbin, China - Dr. J. Demaerschalk (under negotiation). Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China - Dr. J. Demaerschalk (under negotiation). RESEARCH AND TRAINING PROJECTS • International Conference on Certification of Forest Management Practices Objectives — to contribute to die scientific and policy debate on criteria and methods for assessing and certifying tiiat forest products come from sustainably managed forests. UBC participation (ongoing) — The Faculty of Forestry, in cooperation widi die University of Pertanian Malaysia, received $100,000 from die Canadian International Development Agency for Phase I of a plan to sponsor an international conference on certification of forest management practices. The conference will focus on resolving scientific and policy conflicts concerning die establishment of regionally-specific criteria and measures for sustainability which are internationally acceptable and equitable. • Sustainable Forest Management in the Neotropics Objectives — to conduct research on the economic viability of forest management compared to competing land uses and die ability of forest policy to encourage investment in sustainable management. UBC participation (ongoing) — The Faculty of Forestry obtained a grant from Conservation International, Washington DC to conduct research in die form of case studies in diree countries: Bolivia, Brazil, and Guatemala. Andrew Howard can be contacted at (604) 822-3794, fax (604) 822-9106 or e-mail ahoward @ un ixg. ubc. ca.  1994 Annual Report  47  INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY PROGRAMS  HE Centre for Applied Conservation T Biology in the Faculty of Forestry promotes conservation of biological diversity  CENTRE FOR APPLIED CONSERVATION BIOLOGY  BUNNELL, Fred L. B.S.F. (Hons.), Ph.D., R.P. Bio. Director  CHAN-McLEOD, Ann C. Allaye B.S.F., M.Sc., Ph.D. Acting Associate Director  Centre  Associates  BURTON, Philip CARLSON, John GLENN, Susan HARESTAD, Alton HINCH, Scott KLENNER, Walter KRANNITZ, Pamela LERTZMAN, Ken MARTIN, Kathy McLELLAN, Bruce NAMKOONG, Gene NELSON, John PITT, Michael ROWE, Stan SALWASSER, Hal SCUDDER, Geoffrey SHACKLETON, David SMITH, James VAN KOOTEN, Casey  while maintaining economic development. This Centre is unique in its incorporation of a novel undergraduate program, broad definition of educational targets, close links between basic and applied disciplines, and focus on forested ecosystems where conflicts between biological diversity and economic activities are most contentious.  Education  The educational program has three elements: an affiliated undergraduate program, a rapidly growing graduate program, and short courses for target audiences such as professional foresters, resource managers, the public and the public media. Our teaching staff continues to grow. We are closely linked to die new undergraduate B.Sc. (Natural Resource Conservation) program recently initiated by the Faculty of Forestry. That program includes a core of natural science courses in forest, plant, and animal ecology, conservation biology and landscape ecology, and a suite of social science and management courses in economics, political science and philosophy to translate natural process into human values. The "Seminar in Biological Conservation " series supported by die H.R. MacMillan Family Fund combines graduate level instruction and public lectures on important conservation issues. In 1994, noted speakers from Canada, USA, Australia, and Sweden presented 18 public lectures and spent 24 days on campus interacting with students, faculty, and the general public.  Extension  The Centre's first major outreach program was a series of biodiversity workshops presented with the Forest Service in the soudiern interior of die province. The Centre, with support of Canadian Wildlife Service, recendy produced its second outreach pamphlet examining the importance of down wood to biodiversity. The first pamphlet addressed approaches to maintaining biological diversity in B.C.'s forests. We sponsor conferences for scientists, resource managers and policy-makers to debate issues in conservation biology. The book derived from die first conference, "Incorporating Biological Diversity in Forest Policy and Management Decisions," will be published by UBC Press.  48  UBC Faculty of Forestry  Fred L. Bunnell Director  Research  Interdisciplinary, cooperative research is the key to answering die broad questions of conservation biology. The Centre brings togedier scholars from die university, the province and even internationally to collaborate in research. We are testing conservation biology dieories in die context of forested ecosystems, and aim to apply diis knowledge to managed forests, parks and natural areas. Among die larger projects currently underway are: • A cooperative initiative in die boreal forest diat evaluates effects of patch size and forest edges, and addresses appropriate harvest regimes across space and time (Dr. A.C.A. Chan-McLeod). • A decision-support tool evaluating economic and biological consequences of forest planning at the landscape level, including a system for enhancing community participation in land and resource planning (Drs. F.L. Bunnell and J.D. Nelson). • Analyses of regional patterns of species distributions, and patterns of extinctions including testing dieories on die spatial and temporal distributions of species (Dr. S.M. Glenn). • Models and experimental testing of specics movements dirough landscapes (Dr. S.M. Glenn). • A large program on the conservation and ecology of forest and grassland vertebrates in natural and altered habitats, that examines the structure and function of vertebrate populations and communities (Drs. K. Martin and F.L. Bunnell). • Research on die energetics, behaviour, physiology and life history of white-tailed ptarmigan, and a collaborative special project on die role of spruce grouse as alternative prey in relation to the snowshoe hare-lynx cycle in the boreal forest of die southern Yukon (Dr. K. Martin). Fred Bunnell can be contacted at (604) 822-5928, fax (604) 822-5410 or e-mail fl>unnell@un Lxg. ubc. ca.  John I). Pennant Development Officer  depends on people. DEVELOPMENT People give to people with causes. In diis,  our first year of operation, numerous people and organizations have affirmed dieir support for die Faculty of Forestry and many volunteers have come forward to help. We have found substantia] new support for the Faculty. The demand for increased knowledge in forest conservation, management and wood processing along with the calibre of our faculty has led to a great deal of interest in supporting forestry initiatives and education.  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1994-95 Giving starts at home. Bodi Faculty and alumni gave to support forestry education, beginning widi a leadership gift by Dr. Gene Namkoong who contributed $110,000 (matched by Provincial Government's $95,000 and Federal Government's $50,000) toward a Graduate Fellowship in Forest Sciences. When asked why he made one of die largest gifts ever to UBC Forestry, Dr. Namkoong replied "my grandfather in Korea supported education and I always diought when I had die opportunity I would do die same." Our 1950-59 alumni class representatives, led by Gerry Burch, received $29,000 in gifts. We also had two successful volunteer alumni telepledge evenings and raised $12,000 for student support. Forest companies continued dieir support for die Pacific Forest Science Centre as Lignum Ltd. pledged $125,000 towards naming a room in the new building. In addition an anonymous alumni, who had already given in die campaign, pledged a planned gift of $100,000 towards a room. Mr. George Richards, President & CEO of Weldwood Canada, has agreed to Vice-Chair our forthcoming corporate campaign. For die first time we received support from a U.S. Foundation — largely dirough the efforts of Dr. Bunnell — widi die Kendall Foundation pledging $50,000 U.S. Working with Dean Binkley, Dr. Barrett and Dr. Maness, we were successful in preparing  a funding proposal for our new educational initiative in wood processing. The Federal Government announced its contribution of $6 million and Forest Renewal B.C. will invest $8.5 million in program endowment. In addition, die Ministry of Skills, Training and Labour will spend $7.5 million to fund die Canadian Centre for Advanced Wood Products Processing. Premier Harcourt called diis initiative: "An evolutionary step forward for die forest industry." Thanks to our supporters, die Pacific Forest Science Centre is on track, funding for die Centre for Advanced Wood Processing is now a reality and more students will benefit from die creation of new awards. Those include: • Backman Awards in Natural Resource Conservation, • Janet Ketcham Scholarship for First Nations students, • ABCPF First Nations Award, • Namkoong Family Fellowship and Teaching Exchange & Research Award, and • Pacific Regeneration Technologies Silviculture Scholarship. The Faculty dianks all of diose who volunteered and contributed to make diis year a great success.  PLANS FOR 1995-96 The main focus of our campaign will be: • To fund, dirough naming opportunities, equipment and furnishings for our new Pacific Forest Science Centre. • To build and upgrade facilities at our University Research Forest in Maple Ridge and develop a Sustainable Forest Management Centre of Excellence. • To increase student support in anticipation of significant Federal government transfer payment cuts for education. • To support a First Nations curricula development project and symposium. • To identify support for new Professorships. As one of our alumni said, "Quality education needs private sector funding so diat we may sustain and continue to develop a world class centre of excellence." John Pennant can be contacted at (604) 822-8716, fax (604) 822-8645 or e-mail jpennant@unixg.ubc.ca.  1994 Annual Report 49  FACULTY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  SPECIAL LECTURES  H.R. MACMILLAN LECTURE SERIES  Dr. Per Angelstam  During the fall and spring terms, eleven internationally known members of die scientific community were invited to UBC to participate in Conservation 500, a new graduate seminar course in conservation biology. The following speakers to this course gave public lectures on a diversity of topics:  Dr. John Eadie  Dr. Robert Rieklefs  University of Pennsylvania • Global patterns of tree species richness.  Dr. Winifred Kessler  Swedish Agricultural University, Uppsala • Managing forest landscapes for biodiversity; the Swedish experience. University of Toronto, Ontario • Parentage and population dynamics in a cavity-nesting bird: looking for links between behavioural, molecular and resource ecology. The H.R. MacMillan Lecture Series is made possible by a grant to die Faculty of Forestry from die H.R. MacMillan Family Fund.  University of Nordiern British Columbia • Ecosystem management and sustainable management: playing by nature's rules.  THE LESLIE L. SCHAFFER LECTURE  Hampden-Sydney College, Virginia • The role of sexual selection in species formation and conservation.  In April 1994, Dr. Jeffery Burley gave the Leslie L. Schaffer Lecture in Forest Sciences. Dr. Burley, CBE, is Director of the Oxford Forestry Institute at Oxford University, U.K. His talk was entitled "World Forestry: The Professional and Scientific Challenges." Copies of die talk can be obtained by writing to die Faculty of Forestry at UBC. The Leslie L. Schaffer Lectureship in Forest Sciences was established in memory of Leslie L. Schaffer, D.Sc., former executive vice-president of Western Plywood Co. Ltd., by Mrs. Leslie L. Schaffer. The fund provides support for lectures and publications by visiting forest scientists at die Faculty of Forestry, UBC.  Dr. Jessica Young Dr. David Hik  University of Toronto, Ontario • Management of introduced pest species: lessons from Australian disasters.  Dr. Gordon Baskerville  Forest Resources Management Department, UBC • Science and natural systems management: designing it versus making it happen.  Dr. Stan Boutin  University of Alberta, Edmonton • Moose and caribou conservation in Canada: have equilibrium concepts clouded our understanding?  Dr. Lenore Fahrig  Carleton University, Ottawa • When does landscape spatial pattern affect population survival?  Dr. Hilary Swain  Florida Institute of Technology • The landscape through the looking glass: conservation biologists come out of the preserve.  Mr. Cliff White  Chief Park Warden, Banff National Park • Managing wicked ecosystem problems: a seat of the pants approach from Banff National Park.  50 UBC Faculty of Forestry  STUDENTS FOR FORESTRY AWARENESS ^ Public Lecture Series Students for Forestry Awareness (SFA) is an independent, student organization that has been in existence at UBC for over ten years. Through periodic symposia and a continuing speaker series the SFA introduces a variety of philosphical, academic, environmental, and industrial perspectives on forestry related issues to students, faculty and die general public. During die fall and winter terms the speaker series takes place on Thursdays at 12:30 p.m. in MacMillan 166. Speakers and topics during the 1994/95 academic year included:  Garry Merkel  Chair, First Nations Forestry Council, Tahltan • Trends in B. C. forest management: Transition.  Gerry Furney  Mayor, Port McNeill, B.C. • Role of resources in rural  Gary McKellar  communities.  Robert Ricklefs  Biology Department, University of Pennsylvania • Patterns of tree species diversity.  Winifred Kessler  Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Studies, University of Northern British Columbia • Requirements of university graduates to meet the environmental challenges of tomorrow.  Hugh Sutcliffe  Pacific Forest Products, Vancouver • Forest practices on private land.  Bryan Evans  Forestry Consultant, Vancouver • Sustainable forestry: Terms and issues.  Bronwen Beedle  B.C. Ministry of Forests, Victoria • Opportunities in forestry.  Jerry Franklin  Washington State University, Seatde • New forestry in the Pacific Northwest.  Warren Mitchell  B.C. Ministry of Forests, Victoria • B.C. 's Protected Area Strategy: its evolution and future.  Patrick Moore  Forest Alliance of B.C., Vancouver • Environmentalism and forest practices.  Derek Tripp  Fisheries Biologist, Nanaimo • Fisheries/forestry guidelines:  Charles Widman  Publisher and editor for "Widman's World Wood Review" • World wood fibre supply. Timberwest, Vancouver • Forest practice code audits: Where have we been and where are we going?  Bruce McLellan  Ministry of Forests, Revelstoke • Grizzly bear ecology and management in B.C.  Steve Tolnai  Weyerhaeuser, Kamloops • Management of a TFL that was granted allowable cut effect.  SPECIAL LECTURES  Chris Pielou  Retired ecologist, Denman Island • Forest biodiversity.  Bob Nixon  Long Beach Model Forest • Building bridges between two visions of forest use: First Nations and non-aboriginals — the Long Beach Model Forest.  Public Symposium In March, die SFA organized a Wi day symposium entided "The Path of Professional Forestry in British Columbia: Is This the Road to Oz?" The keynote speaker at die symposium was Bruce McLean, incoming president of the Association of B.C. Professional Foresters. The symposium, which was tailored for students, professionals and die general public, included diree panel discussions focussing on academic, industrial and institutional diemes.  Compliance.  Merv Wilkinson  Ecoforestcr, Ladysmidi • Sustainable forestry: The forestry of the future.  Gary Ley  Forestry Consultant, Gary Ley Public Affairs • Managing land use issues in the media age.  1994 Annual Report  51  PRODUCTION  INFORMATION  This Annual Report was prepared on an IBM PC AT compatible computer using Microsoft Word for Windows Version 6.0. A final cameraready impression was produced using a QMS PS 815 printer. Cover: Cornwall cover coated one side 10 pt. Text: Resolve coated matte 80 lbs. Questions concerning this report or requests for mailing list updates, deletions or additions should be directed to: Dr. Susan Watts Annual Report Editor Faculty of Forestry University of British Columbia 270-2357 Main Mall Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4 Phone: (604)822-6316 Fax: (604) 822-8645 E-mail: suwatts@unixg.ubc.ca Printed in Canada on recycled paper  


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