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1991 Annual Report Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia; Watts, Susan B. 1992-12-31

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19 9 1 Annual Report  Faculty of Forestry University of British Columbia Vancouver, B.C. Canada  19 9 1  ANNUAL REPORT  F a c u l t y of  Forestry  University of British Columbia  April!, 1991-March31,1992  Editor: Desktop Publisher:  Susan B. Watts, Ph.D., R.P.F. Patsy Quay  © 1 9 9 2 , Faculty of Forestry University o f British Columbia  Dean's Message  2  Office of the Dean Faculty and Staff  3  Forest Sciences Department Faculty and Staff Achievements and Plans  4 7  Harvesting and Wood Science Department Faculty and Staff Achievements and Plans  8 11  Forest Resources Management Department Faculty and Staff Achievements and Plans  12 14  Offices, Awards and Distinctions  15  Sponsored Research  17  Faculty Publications  21  Special Lectures  26  UBC Research Forests  27  International Forestry Programs  28  Forestry Continuing Studies Network  29  Centre for Applied Conservation Biology  30  Programs of Study  31  Undergraduate Programs Enrolment Statistics Awards Graduation Statistics  32 33 34  Graduate Programs Enrolment Statistics Scholarships and Fellowships Degrees Granted  35 36 37  TABLE OF CONTENTS  DEAN'S MESSAGE  H P HE Faculty of Forestry has made tremendous progress during the last several years. Student enrolments are up, we have implemented new undergraduate and graduate degree programs, the faculty have greatly increased their research activities, and we have launched major new activities in international forestry, continuing studies and applied conservation biology. With our quarterly newsletter Branch Lines and this annual report — our first — we are providing you with a better understanding of the Faculty. This report covers the Faculty's activities for the period April 1, 1991 through March 31, 1992. Individual sections for each of the Departments (Forest Sciences, Harvesting and Wood Science, and Forest Resources Management) introduce their faculty and staff, and describe departmental plans. The Faculty is among the most research-intensive academic forestry units in North America. A section on research gives the title, investigator and supporting agency for all externally sponsored research projects currently underway within the Faculty. These now total about $5.6 million, or close to $140,000/full-time equivalent faculty member, second only to the Faculty of Medicine at UBC. To help sustain and manage this important activity, I recently appointed Prof. John McLean as an Associate Dean of the Faculty, responsible for graduate studies and research. The research enterprise results in a large number of publications. We list these alphabetically by first author. Please write to the UBC author directly if you would like to receive a copy of any of these.  Clark S. Binkley Dean Faculty of Forestry  The Faculty includes four units that support our teaching and research activities: the University Research Forests, International Programs, the Forestry Continuing Studies Network, and the Centre for Applied Conservation Biology. •  The Malcolm Knapp Research Forest (on the Coast) and the Alex Fraser Research Forest (in the Interior) provide locations for field studies, research and the Faculty's two field schools required in the undergraduate forestry program.  •  The international forestry program works from our strengths in education, and seeks to build collaborative relationships with other institutions similar to the Faculty. Because of the importance of the Pacific Rim to British Columbia, our efforts centre on countries of this region — Japan, Taiwan, the People's Republic of China, the Russian Far East, Korea, South East Asia, Australia, New Zealand, and countries of Pacific Latin America. Over the next several years, we plan to build a more significant program of training, research and collaboration in this region.  •  The Forestry Continuing Studies Network works through the regional colleges in B.C. to bring high-quality continuing education programs to forestry professionals and technicians, and the public more broadly. Forestry Canada and the B.C. Forest Service provide the majority of the support for this program.  •  The Centre for Applied Conservation Biology brings the theories of conservation biology to bear on problems of land management in British Columbia and other locations sharing similar ecosystems. In addition to its research mission, the Centre has a major program designed to inform the public, the media and politicians about the scientific aspects of conservation.  The report closes with a discussion of our academic programs and students. Both graduate and undergraduate enrolments have seen trend-line increases during the past five years, and total student enrolment (computed on a weighted full-time equivalent basis) is approaching the peak levels of the early 1980's. We recently introduced a new B.Sc. program in Natural Resources Conservation, and substantially revised our B.S.F. program. For the first time in the Faculty's history, we now have a quota on first-year enrolments. I am personally interested in your thoughts on our programs and plans, and especially on this annual report, our first. You can reach me by telephone at (604) 822-2467, fax at (604) 822-8645 or E-Mail at clark_binkley @mtsg.ubc.ca. I look forward to hearing from you.  2  UBC Faculty of Forestry  KOZAK, Antal (Tony) — B.S.F. (Sopron), M.F., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), D.Sc. Honoris causa (Sopron) Associate Dean, Undergraduate Programs and Academic Affairs Responsible for administering academic programs including curriculum and calendar changes, admissions, transfers, advancements and for disciplining undergraduate students. Phone: (604)822-3545 E-Mail: tony_kozak@mtsg.ubc.ca  OFFICE OF THE DEAN  McLEAN, John A. — B.Sc., M.Sc. (Auckland), Ph.D. (Simon Fraser), F.R.E.S. Associate Dean, Graduate Studies and Research (July 1, 1992) Responsible for administering all aspects of Forestry graduate and post-baccalaureate programs and for promoting externally sponsored research activities. Phone: (604)822-3360 E-Mail: john_mclean@mtsg.ubc.ca  FACULTY AND  STAFF WATTS, Susan B. — B.Sc. (N. Wales), M.F., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. Coordinator of Special Projects Responsible for coordinating project proposal development, for assisting in promoting research and for producing Faculty Newsletters and Annual Reports. Phone: (604)822-6316 E-Mail: sue_watts@mtsg.ubc.ca  GOSS, Donna E. — B.S.F. (Brit. Col.) Coordinator of Student Services Responsible for advising prospective and incoming undergraduate students, for school and college liaison, for undergraduate admissions and for job placement. Phone: (604)822-3547 E-Mail: donna_goss@mtsg.ubc.ca  AKAI, Heather — Secretary to the Dean ALIVOJVODIC, Barbara — Administrative Assistant COLE, Natalie — Graduate Programs Secretary LAI, Charles — Clerk LIEW, Lily — Undergraduate Programs Secretary, B.A. (Brit. Col.) QUAY, Patsy — Word Processing Coordinator TURNER, Ron — Technician, B.Sc. (Brit. Col.)  1991 Annual Report  3  FOREST SCIENCES DEPARTMENT Denis Lavender Head  Fred Bunnell  Philip Burton  Edith Camm  John Carlson  Chris Chanway  Michael Feller  Robert Guy  J.P.(Hamish) Kimmins  Karel Klinka  John McLean  Tom Northcote  Tom Sullivan  Bart van der Kamp  Gordon Weetman  John Worrall  LAVENDER, Denis P.  KLINKA, Karel — Professor and V.J.  Professor and Head B.Sc. (1949) Washington, M.Sc. (1958), Ph.D. (1962) Oregon State • Coniferous Seedling Physiology.  Krajina Chair in Silvics and Silviculture For. Eng. (1960) Prague, Ph.D. (1976) Brit. Col., R.P.F. • Forest Ecology, Silvics.  BUNNELL, Fred L.  McLEAN, John A. — Professor  Professor and Director, Centre for Applied Conservation Biology B.Sc. (Hon.) (1965) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1973) Berkeley • Wildlife Population Dynamics, Influences of Forestry Practices on Wildlife.  B.Sc. (1965), M.Sc. (1968) Auckland, Ph.D. (1976) Simon Fraser, F.R.E.S. • Forest Entomology.  SCIENCES  NORTHCOTE, Thomas G. — Professor  DEPARTMENT  BURTON, Philip J. — Assistant Professor B.Sc. (1978) Saskatchewan, M.Sc. (1980) Hawaii, Ph.D. (1988) Illinois • Regeneration Ecology.  CAMM, Edith L. — Assistant Professor (Forest Sciences, Botany) B.Sc. (Hon.) (1966) Queen's, M.Sc. (1968), Ph.D. (1973) Brit. Col. • Biochemistry.  CARLSON, John — Assistant Professor (Forest Sciences, Biotechnology Laboratory) B.Sc. (1974) Pittsburgh, M.Sc. (1978), Ph.D. (1983) Illinois • Molecular Biology.  CHANWAY, Christopher P. Assistant Professor B.Sc. (1978) Winnipeg, B.S.Ag. (1980) Manitoba, M.Sc. (1983), Ph.D. (1987) Brit. Col. • Ecophysiology.  DEMARCHI, Michael W. Sessional Lecturer B.Sc. (1988) Victoria, M.Sc. (1992) Brit. Col. • Forest Wildlife.  FOREST  (Forest Sciences, Zoology, Westwater) B.A. (1950), M.A. (1952), Ph.D., (1960) Brit. Col. • Lake and Stream Ecology, Effect of Forestry Practices on Fish Habitat.  FACULTY AND STAFF  SULLIVAN, Thomas P. Associate Professor B.Sc. (Hon.) (1973), M.Sc. (1975), Ph.D. (1978) Brit. Col. • Forest Wildlife.  VAN DER KAMP, Bart J. Associate Professor B.S.F. (1964) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1967) Aberdeen • Forest Pathology.  WEETMAN, Gordon F. — Professor B.Sc.F. (1955) Toronto, M.F. (1958), Ph.D. (1962) Yale, R.P.F., F. Eng. • Silviculture.  WORRALL, John G. Associate Professor B.Sc. (1959) Durham, B.S.F. (1963) Brit. Col., M.F. (1964), M. Phil. (1967), Ph.D. (1968) Yale • Tree Physiology, Tree Growth Mechanisms and Climatic Influence.  FELLER, Michael C. Associate Professor B.Sc. (1968), M.Sc. (1969) Melbourne, Ph.D. (1975) Brit. Col. • Fire Science/Water Quality. GUY, Robert D. — Assistant Professor B.Sc. (1977), Ph.D. (1984), Calgary • Plant Physiology.  KIMMINS, J.P. (Hamish) — Professor B.Sc. (1964) N. Wales, M.Sc. (1966) Berkeley, M. Phil. (1968), Ph.D. (1970) Yale • Forest Ecology, Nutrient Cycling.  1991 Annual Report  5  Research Associates C A R T E R , R e i d (Hon.) B.Sc., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Ecology and Management. G A L I N D O , C a r l o s — B.Sc. (U. Autonoma Metropolitan), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Animal Ecology.  FACULTY AND STAFF Forest Sciences Department  GROSSNICKLE, Steven C. — B.Sc. (S. Illinois), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Colorado. State). HAWKINS, Christopher D.B. B.Sc.(Hon.), M.Sc (Simon Fraser), Ph.D. (Aust. Nat. Univ.). KLENNER, Walt — B.Sc., M.Sc. (Manchester), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.).  O R B A Y , Laszlo — Wood Ind. Engr. (Sopron), Engr. Eco. (Budapest), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Forest Entomology.  LEADEM, Carole L. — B.Sc. (California), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.).  P R E S C O T T , Cindy B.Sc. (Brock), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Calgary) • Forest Nutrition.  LOUSIER, J . Daniel — B.Sc. (Notre Dame (B.C.)), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Calgary).  THOMPSON, William A. B.A. (Pomona Coll.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Silviculture. WATTS, Susan B. B.Sc. (N. Wales), M.F., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.)  LESTER, Donald T. — B.Sc. (Maine), M.F., Ph.D. (Yale).  McLELLAN, Bruce N. — B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col ). MILLER, Gordon E. — B.Sc., M.Sc., M.P.M., Ph.D. (Simon Fraser). MORRISON, Duncan J . — B.S.F., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Cambridge).  Post-doctoral Fellows  PRESTON, Caroline M. — B.Sc. (McMaster), M.A. (Carlton), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.).  DANG, Qing-Lai — B.Ag. (Ji Lin For. Coll.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Alberta) • Ecophysiology.  ROCHELLE, James A. — B.Sc., M.Sc. (Washington State), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.).  HONG, Yong-Pyo — B.Sc., M.Sc. (Korea), Ph.D. (Oregon State) • Molecular Forest Genetics. QIAN, Hong — B.Sc. (Anhui Ag. Coll.), M.Sc. (NW For. Coll.), Ph.D. (Chinese Acad, of Sci.) • Forest Ecology. SILIM, Salim N. — B.Sc. (Makerene), M.Sc. (New Brunswick), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Tree Physiology.  Adjunct Professors ALFARO, Rene I. — B.S. (U. Chile), M.S., Ph.D. (Simon Fraser). AXELROOD, Paige E. — B.Sc., M.Sc. (Oregon State), Ph.D. (California). BARKER, John E. — B.Sc. (Brit. Col.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (California). DOST, F r a n k — B.Sc. (Washington), M.Sc. (Kansas), D.V.M. (Washington). EDWARDS, David George B.Sc. (Aberdeen), M.F., Ph.D. (Washington). EL-KASSABY, Yousry A. — B.Sc. (Alexandria), M.Sc. (Tanta), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.).  6  UBC Faculty of Forestry  SAFRANYIK, Laszlo — B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.). SAVARD, Jean-Pierre — B.Sc. (Laval), M.Sc. (Toronto), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.). SEIP, Dale R. — B.Sc. (West Ont.), M.Sc. (Simon Fraser), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.). SMITH, Nicholas J. — B.Sc. (N. Wales), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Oregon State). SUTTON, Benjamin S. — B.Sc. (Reading), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.). VAN DEN DRIESSCHE, Robert J . — B.Sc. (N. Wales), M.Sc. (Toronto), Ph.D. (Wales). VAN SICKLE, G. Allan — B.Sc., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.), Ph.D. (Pennsylvania State), R.P.F.  Staff CHANG, Joseph — Res. Assist./Tech. B.A. (Washington), M.B.A. (Brit. Col.). DAUST, Dave — Res. Assist./Tech. B.S.F. (Brit. Col). DWORAKOWSKA, Irena Res. Assist./Tech. M.Sc., Ph.D. (Warsaw Univ.).  DYCK, Wanda — Secretary GUO, Xiling — Res. Assist /Tech. B.Sc. (NEFor. Univ.). JOHNSON, Jacklyn — Office Manager B.S.Ed. (Minn.). KACHUR, Linda — Secretary KIDD, Joanne — Res. Assist./Tech. KREMSATER, Laurie — Res. Assist./Tech B.S.F., M.Sc. (Brit. Col.). KWAN, Ying — Programmer Analyst B.Sc. (Taiwan), M.A. (Math), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.). LAM, Desmond — Research Scientist B.Sc. (Brit. Col.). LEE, Eric — Departmental Clerk LOTZ, Sarah — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc. (Simon Fraser). MERKENS, Markus — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc., M.P.M. (Simon Fraser). O' SHEA-STONE, Maureen Res. Assist./Tech. B.A., M.A. (Colorado). OLANSKI, Penny — Res. Assist./Tech. SETO, Carrie — Departmental Secretary SHAO, Qingling — Laboratory Assistant  Retirements LAVENDER, Denis P. After more than seven years as Head of the Forest Sciences Department. Dr. Lavender's research has encompassed many aspects of the biology of north temperate conifers, including studies on germination, mineral nutrition, growth regulators, shoot dormancy, stress resistance, photoperiodic responses and development of cold hardiness. His findings have resulted in improvements in nursery and silvicultural practice. In this context, we particularly note his involvement in the formation of the Silvicultural Institute of British Columbia. Dr. Lavender is returning to Corvalis, Oregon, where he intends to continue some work with the College of Forestry at Oregon State University. NORTHCOTE, Thomas G. After more than thirty years of service to UBC where his principal research interest was in the ecology of fish species in coastal streams and lakes. Dr. Northcote's research also involved significant contributions to knowledge of fish habitat in Europe, New Zealand, and in Peru, where he led a team of scientists investigating the effects of man's activities on the water quality and fish populations of Lake Titicaca.  SPROUT, Sharon — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc. (Brit. Col.), M.Sc. (Saskatchewan). SREJIC, Zika — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc. (Univ. of Belgrade).  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1991-92  STALEY, Candis — Res. Assist./Tech.  •  We have broadened the undergraduate curriculum to increase its attractiveness to science students.  •  Department members helped revise campus plant physiology offerings so that an undergraduate course is now cross-listed in Botany, Plant Science and Forest Sciences.  •  The initial stages of the development of a Centre for Applied Conservation Biology have been successfully completed.  THOMAS, Keith — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc. (Brit. Col.). TSZE, Min — Res. Assist./Tech.  New Faculty Appointments NAMKOONG, Gene B.Sc. (1956), M.Sc. (1958) SUNY, Ph.D. (1963) N. Carolina State Univ. For the past 34 years Dr. Namkoong has been employed by the US DA Forest Service and since 1972 he has held the position of Pioneer Research Scientist on Population Genetics in Raleigh, North Carolina. He will join the Department as Professor and Head in the fall of 1992.  PLANS FOR 1992-93 •  The Faculty will be asked to approve a final proposal for block instruction in silviculture.  •  Further departmental programs depend upon policies developed by the incoming department head, Dr. Gene Namkoong.  1991 Annual Report  7  ACHIEVEMENTS AND PLANS Forest Sciences Department  HARVESTING AND WOOD SCIENCE DEPARTMENT Paul Steiner Acting Head  Stavros Avramidis  David Barrett  Colette Breuil  David Cohen  Simon Ellis  Jonathan Fannin  Andrew Howard  Joseph McNeel  Thomas Maness  John Nelson  Laszlo Paszner  Helmut Prion  John Ruddkk  Jack Saddler  S.E. (Tim) Salcudean  David Tait  Glen Young  STEINER, Paul R. — Associate Professor  MANESS, Thomas — Assistant Professor  and Acting Department Head B.Sc. (1966), M.Sc. (1969), Ph.D. (1971) Brit. Col. •Wood Adhesives and Composite Products.  B.S.F. (1979) West Virginia, M.Sc. (1981) Virginia Tech., Ph.D. (1989) Washington • Wood Products Processing.  NELSON, John D. — Assistant Professor B.Sc.(For) (1982) Brit. Col. • Forest Harvesting Systems.  B.S.F. (1980), M.B.A. (1982) Brit. Col., Ph.D. (1988) Oregon State • Forest Engineering.  AVRAMIDIS, Stavros  PASZNER, Laszlo — Professor  Assistant Professor B(For) (1981) Thessaloniki, M.S. (1983), Ph.D. (1986) SUNY, Syracuse • Wood Physics/Drying.  B.S.F. (1958) Sopron , M.F. (1963), Ph.D. (1966) Brit. Col. • Chemical Utilization of Wood, Reconstituted Wood Products.  BARRETT, J. David — Professor  PRION, Helmut — Assistant Professor  B.A.Sc. (1965) Brit. Col., Ph.D.(1973) Berkeley • Wood Engineering.  (Harvesting and Wood Science, Civil Engineering) B.Eng. (1974) Stellenbosch, Ph.D. (1987) Toronto • Engineered Timber Structures Design.  ANGUS, Stirling — Sessional Lecturer  BREUIL, Colette NSERC/Industrial Associate Professor B.Sc. (1971) Lyon, M.Sc. (1974) Ottawa, Ph.D. (1977) Lyon • Forest Products Biotechnology.  COHEN, David H. — Assistant Professor Dipl. For. Tech. (1976) Selkirk, B.Sc. (1986) Idaho, Ph.D. (1989) Virginia Tech. • Forest Products Marketing/Management.  ELLIS, Simon — Assistant Professor B.Sc.(Hons.) (1983) N. Wales, M.Sc. (1986), Ph.D. (1989) Brit. Col. • Wood Anatomy and Composites.  FANNIN, R. Jonathan Assistant Professor (Harvesting and Wood Science, Civil Engineering) B.Sc.(Hon.) (1983) Belfast, Ph.D. (1987) Oxford • Forest Harvesting Transport.  HOWARD, Andrew F. Associate Professor B.Sc. (1976) Massachusetts, M.F.Sc. (1979), M.Sc. (1981), M.Phil. (1981), Ph.D. (1985) Yale • Forest Engineering Economics and Sawmill Operations Analyses.  HARVESTING AND WOOD SCIENCE DEPARTMENT  FACULTY AND STAFF  RUDDICK, John N.R. NSERC/Industrial Professor B.Sc. (1965), M.Sc. (1966) Newcastle, Ph.D.( 1970) London • Wood Preservation.  SADDLER, Jack N. NSERC/Industrial Professor B.Sc.(Hon.) (1975) Edinburgh, Ph.D. (1978) Glasgow • Forest Products Biotechnology.  SALCUDEAN, S.E. (Tim) Assistant Professor (Harvesting and Wood Science, Electrical Engineering) B.Eng. (1979), M.Eng. (1980) McGill, Ph.D. (1986) Berkeley • Robotics/control.  TAIT, David E.N. — Assistant Professor B.Sc. (1968), M.Sc. (1970), Ph.D. (1983) Brit. Col. • Optimization Techniques, Forest Planning.  YOUNG, G. Glen — Associate Professor B.A.Sc. (1965), M.A.Sc. (1971) Brit. Col., P. Eng. • Operations Research, Microcomputers in Logging and Forest Management.  McNEEL, Joseph F. — Assistant Professor B.S.F. (1979) West Virginia, M.Sc. (1980), Ph.D. (1984) Virginia Tech. • Forest Harvesting Systems.  1991 Annual Report  9  Visiting Professors BROWN, David — B.Sc. (Brit. Col.), M.Sc., Ph.D. (California) • Forest Products Biotechnology. MASUDA, Minoru — B.Ag., Ph.D. (Kyoto) • Wood Engineering. YAMAMOTO, Koichi — B.Ag., M.Ag., Ph.D. (Hokkaido) • Wood Preservation.  Research Associates WONG, Ken — B.Sc. (Carlton),  FACULTY AND STAFF Harvesting and Wood Science Department  M.Sc. (Ottawa), Ph.D. (Laval) • Forest Products Biotechnology.  Post-doctoral Fellows C M , Futong — B.Sc. (Nankai Univ.), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Wood Preservation. LIU, Jing — B.S. (Nanjing Forestry Univ.), M.S. (Iowa State), Ph.D. (Maine) • Wood Physics/Drying. McBAIN, Adam — B.Sc., Ph.D. (Strathclyde) • Wood Preservation. QUEMDE, Augusto B.Sc. (National Agravian), M.Sc. (New York), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.) • Wood chemistry. YU, Alex Hou-Cheong B.Eng. (McMaster), Ph.D. (Toronto) • Forest Products Biotechnology.  KIRBACH, Eberhard D. Dipl.-Holzwirt (Hamburg), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.). SMITH, Roger S. — B.Sc., Ph.D. (London). VAROGLU, Erol — M.Eng. (Istanbul), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Stanford).  Honorary Lecturers SAUDER, Brent J. B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col.).  Staff AQUINO, David — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc.F. (National Agrarian), M.F. (Brit. Col.). BERNALDEZ, James — Res. Assist./Tech. B.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.). CHESTER, Michael — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc.(Hons.) (Waterloo). DUBOIS, Joel — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc. (Laval), M.F. (Brit. Col.). COULTAS, M. Joan — Secretary B.A., B.Ed. (Memorial Univ.), M.A. (AST). FOLEY, Dallas — Res. Assist./Tech. HAFER, Mark — Computer Research Analyst B.Eng. (Carleton). HARTSON, Donna — Secretary HASTINGS, Diana — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc. (Brit. Col.). HE, Qiyi — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Eng. (China), M.Eng. (Brit. Col.).  ZHUANG, Jun-Ming B.Sc. (Fudan), M.Sc. (Shanghai Org. Inst.), Ph.D. (Simon Fraser) • Wood adhesives and composite products.  HO, Alan — Res. Assist./Tech. Dipl. in Robotics Automation (B.C.I.T.).  HUANG, Jinghou B.Sc., M.Sc. (Huanghong Agric. Univ.), Ph.D. (Dublin Univ.) • Forest Products Biotechnology.  JOHNSTON, Wendy — Admin. Assist.  Adjunct Professors CHOW, Suezone — B.Sc. (Taiwan), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), O.B.C.  JOHNSON, Robert — Elec./Auto. Analyst Dipl. of Technology (B.C.I.T.).  LAM, Frank — Scientific Research Engineer B.A.Sc., M.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.). LAU, Wilson — Wood Mechanics Engineer B.A.Sc., (Windsor), M.A.Sc. (Brit. Col.). LEE, George — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc. (China), M.Sc. (Oregon State).  COTTELL, Philip L. B.S.F., M.F. (Brit. Col ), Ph.D. (Yale), R.P.F.  LENZ, Richard — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Sc. (Victoria).  KELLOGG, Robert M. — B.Sc.F. (Maine), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Yale), F.I.A.W.S.  MYRONUK, Robert Research Support Services Supervisor Dipl. of Technology (B.C.I.T.).  10  UBC Faculty of Forestry  ROTH, Aaron — Res. Assist /Tech. B.Sc.(Hons.), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.).  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1991-92  SIDHU, Avtar — Res. Assist. B.Sc. (Brit. Col.).  We can cite achievements in a number of areas. These include:  THOMPSON, Nancy — Secretary (Part-time).  •  Academic review of the Harvesting and Wood Science curriculum.  •  Restructuring the Harvesting program to enhance the integrated resource management component.  •  Opening a wood products laboratory that provides new teaching and research facilities for wood composites, wood physics and wood mechanical properties.  •  Establishing a Biotechnology Chair with research facilities in the Paprican building.  •  Significantly increasing research funding because of Faculty expansion over the last three years using Funds for Education Excellence and NSERC/Industrial chair programs.  •  Substantially increasing graduate enrolment.  •  Installing several major equipment items including a dry kiln, hot press, lumber stress grader and geotextile test bed.  WAN, Diane — Departmental Clerk WANG, Yin Tang — Res. Assist /Tech. B.Eng., M.Eng. (China). XIONG, Pingbo — Res. Assist./Tech. B.Agric., M.Eng. (China), M.Sc. (Brit. Col.).  New Faculty Appointments BREUIL, Colette Formerly a group leader in the Biotechnology Department of Forintek Canada and now the junior chairholder in the NSERC/Industrial Forest Products Biotechnology Program. Her research interests focus on biological control of sapstain fungi and enzymatic degradation of lignocellulosic substutes. PRION, Helmut A joint faculty appointment between this department (one-third) and Civil Engineering (two-third). His research activity is in the area of engineered timber structures design with emphasis on connections. SADDLER, Jack Holds the senior chair position in the NSERC/Industrial Forest Products Biotechnology Program. He was formerly Special Advisor, Industrial Biotechnology, Forest Directorate, Ottawa and Manager of Biotechnology and Chemistry at Forintek Canada. His research interests involve micro-organisms and enzymes for pulp and bleaching techniques and microbiological treatment of pulp effluent.  Retirements KENNEDY, Robert Former Dean of the Faculty of Forestry from 1983-1990. A Fellow of the Academy of Wood Science and internationally recognized for his contributions in the field of Wood Anatomy. During his 38-year career as a wood scientist he has made outstanding contributions in the areas of education, government and professional service.  PLANS FOR 1992-93 A full Department review will be undertaken prior to the appointment of a permanent head. As part of this review process we propose to change the Department name to Forest Operations and Wood Science to reflect the changing scope of activities beyond that of traditional Forest Harvesting. Academic plans include developing a nonthesis Masters program in Forest Operations and considering of a cooperative program option within the Department. Both issues are important for increasing undergraduate and graduate enrolment. Plans are underway to develop a Chair in Wood Construction with linkages between this department, Civil Engineering and Architecture. We will promote enhanced research opportunities by encouraging integrated skills within the Department and by expanding cooperative programs with industry and government.  1991 Annual Report  11  ACHIEVEMENTS AND PLANS Harvesting and Wood Science Department  FOREST RESOURCES MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT Antal Kozak Acting Head  Timothy Ballard  Clark Binkley  Alan Chambers  Peter Dooling  Douglas Golding  David Haley  Brent Ingram  Valerie LeMay  Peter Marshall  Don Munro  Peter Murtha  Peter Pearse  Leslie Reed  Peter Sanders  Casey van Kooten  KOZAK, Antal — Professor,  McWILLIAMS, Eleanor  Associate Dean and Acting Department Head B.S.F. (1956) Sopron, M.F. (1961), Ph.D. (1963) Brit. Col., D.Sc. Honoris causa (1989) Sopron. • Biometrics, New Methodology for Forest Inventory.  Sessional Lecturer B.S.F. (1984) Brit. Col., M.Sc. (1991) Minnesota • Biometrics, Forest Mensuration.  BALLARD, Timothy M. — Professor (Forest Resources Management, Soil Science) B.S.F. (1961), M.F. (1963), Ph.D. (1968) Washington • Forest Soils, Management Impacts, Tree Nutrition, Forest Fertilization.  MARSHALL, Peter L.  FOREST  Assistant Professor B.Sc.F. (1976), M.Sc.F. (1979) Toronto, Ph.D. (1984) Brit. Col., R.P.F. • Growth and Yield, Forest Management.  RESOURCES MANAGEMENT  MUNRO, Donald D. — Professor,  A.B. (1971), M.S. (1976) Harvard, Ph.D. (1979) Yale • Forest Economics.  Director of University Research Forests and Director of International Forestry Programs B.S.F. (1960) Brit. Col., M.Sc. (1964) Oregon, Ph.D. (1968) Brit. Col., R.P.F. • Forest Yield Sciences, Inventory Design and Analysis.  CHAMBERS, Alan D.  MURTHA, Peter A. — Professor  Associate Professor B.S.F. (1964) Brit. Col., M.F. (1967) Duke, Ph.D. (1971) Brit. Col., R.P.F. • Social Forestry, Natural Resources Management.  (Forest Resources Management, Soil Science) B.Sc.F. (1961) Toronto, M.Sc. (1964), Ph.D. (1968) Cornell • Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems, Forest Damage Detection and Evaluation, Land Classification.  BINKLEY, Clark S. — Professor and Dean  DOOLING, Peter J. — Associate Professor B.A. (Hons) (1960), B.P.E. (Hons) (1962), M.A. (1967) Alberta, Ph.D. (1973) Colorado • Recreation, Landscape and Land Use Planning, Recreation Land Management, Recreation and Tourism Economics.  PEARSE, Peter H. — Professor  GOLDING, Douglas L.  NSERC/Industrial Professor B.A. (1954), M.A. (1959) Oregon • Forest Policy.  Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies (1990-92) B.Sc. (1953) New Brunswick, M.S. (1961) Purdue, Ph.D. (1968) Brit. Col., R.P.F. • Watershed Management and Forest Hydrology.  HALEY, David — Professor B.Sc. (1962) Aberdeen, M.F. (1964), Ph.D. (1966) Brit. Col., R.P.F. • Forest Economics, Role of Forestry in Development.  INGRAM, G. Brent — Assistant Professor (Forest Resources Management, Plant Science) B.A. (1976) Evergreen State Coll., B.F.A. (1980) San Francisco Art Inst., M.Sc. (1980) Antioch Univ. West, Ph.D. (1989) Berkeley • Landscape Architecture.  LeMAY, Valerie M. — Assistant Professor B.Sc.F. (1981), M.Sc. (1982) Alberto, Ph.D. (1989) Brit. Col., R.P.F. • Biometrics/Mensuration.  B.S.F. (1956) Brit. Col., M.A. (Hon.) (1959), Ph.D. (1962) Edinburgh, R.P.F., C.M. • Forest Economics.  REED, F. Les C.  SANDERS, Peter R.W. — Lecturer and Resident Silviculturist, Malcolm Knapp Forest B.S.F. (1974), M.F. (1982) Brit. Col. • Silviculture, Forest Management.  VAN KOOTEN, G. Casey Associate Professor (Forest Resources Management, Agricultural Economics) B.Sc. (1972), M.A. (1974) Alberta, Ph.D. (1982) Oregon • Economics of Natural Resources.  VAN RYSWK, Roy J. Sessional Lecturer B.A.Sc. (1964) Brit. Col., M.Sc. (1972) Illinois • Remote Sensing and Photogrammetry.  WONG, Frank — Sessional Lecturer B.Eng. (1969) McGill, M.Sc. (1971) Queen's, Ph.D. (1984) Brit. Col. • Computer-based Image Analysis.  1991 Annual Report  13  DEPARTMENT  FACULTY AND STAFF  Adjunct Professors  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1991-92  BONNOR, G. Michael — B.S.F., M.S.F. (Toronto), Ph.D. (State Univ. of New York).  We have changed the B.S.F. (Forest Resources Management Major) program to include social and cultural considerations in forestry. First and second year students will start in this modified program in September 1992.  HALL, Thomas H. — B.A., M.Sc. (Indiana), M.Sc.F. (N. Brunswick), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.), R.P.F. ILES, Kimberley — B.S., M.Sc. (Oregon), Ph.D. (Brit. Col.). M I T C H E L L , Kenneth J . — B.S.F. (Brit. Col.), M.F., Ph.D. (Yale), R.P.F.  ACHIEVEMENTS AND PLANS Forest Resources Management Department  WILLIAMS, Douglas H. — B.Sc. (Simon Fraser), M.Sc., Ph.D. (Brit. Col.).  We plan to launch a newly developed undergraduate program in Natural Resources Conservation (B.Sc.) in September 1992. The work to develop a professional nonthesis M F program is now completed and will be submitted to Senate for final approval during the summer of 1992. Vacancies resulting from retirements in 1989 and 1990 have not been filled. Sessional lecturers have been used during 1991-92 to meet the Department's heavy teaching requirements.  Honorary Lecturers HEGYI, Frank — B.Sc.F. (Edinburgh), M.Sc.F. (Toronto), R.P.F.  Staff LAI, Charles — Departmental Clerk MAEDEL, Jerry Computer Systems Analyst B.F.A. (Victoria), M.Sc. (Brit. Col ). RAE, Kuochi — Technician B.A. (Chung Hsing), M.A. (Tokyo) TURNER, Ron — Departmental Technician B.A. (Brit. Col.). WONG, Sally — Departmental Secretary B.A. Hons. (Hong Kong).  14  UBC Faculty of Forestry  PLANS FOR 1992-93 The objectives of the Department for 1992-93 are to increase the number of graduate degrees granted, increase research productivity and launch the new Natural Resources Conservation and the professional non-thesis M.F. programs, while continuing to improve the quality of the professional (B.S.F.) undergraduate education. To accomplish these objectives the Department will: •  Either late in 1992-93, or early in 1993-94, recruit new faculty members to fill the outstanding vacancies in the Department.  •  Recognize as "growth nodes" for research and graduate studies certain areas that are of critical importance to Canadian forest management and in which the Department has a potential for excellence. These include: Forest Economics and Policy Analysis; Forest Biometrics (forest mensuration, inventory, growth and yield); Geographic Information Systems for Forest Management (GIS, remote sensing); and Natural Resources Conservation.  AVRAMIDIS, S. • •  Committee Member, American Society for Testing and Materials, D4444. Committee Member, Society of Wood Science and Technology, Membership Committee.  •  DOOLING, P.J. •  BALLARD, T . M , •  1991 University Teaching Prize.  •  BARRETT, J . D . •  Member, Editorial Board, Wood Science and Technology.  BINKI EY, C.S. • • • •  Member, Marcus Wallenberg Prize Committee. Member, Board of Directors for Forintek, FERIC, West Fraser Ltd. Member, Advisory Board Ecotrust Inc. Member, Management Committee, Nelson Forests Joint Venture.  Deputy Leader (North America) Project Group VI, Marketing, International Union of Forest Research Organizations.  Member, Commission on National Parks & Protected Areas for World Conservation Union (Gland, Switzerland). Re-appointed to second term: 1991-94. Advisor to Council, the Executive Board of Directors, Outdoor Recreation Council of British Columbia.  FANNIN, R.J. •  Chairman, Canadian Geotechnical Society, Task Group on Sampling Requirements for Geoenvironmental Works.  HALEY, D. •  Elected member to Council of Association of B.C. Professional Foresters — appointed Director of Discipline and Ethics.  BUNNELL, F . L .  KIMMINS, J . P .  •  • •  Old-growth Task Force — partial leave to work on Task Force funded by Vancouver Foundation.  BURTON, P . J . •  • •  •  Member, B.C. Ministry of Forests Reforestation Information Bank (RIB) Technical Support Committee. Member, Carmanah Valley Forest Management Area Advisory Committee. Member, committee to review and amend die "Health, Safety and Reclamation Code for Mines in B.C." Member, B .C. Forest Land Use Liaison Committee.  CARLSON, J. •  President, Canadian Society for Plant Molecular Biology.  CHAN WAY, C . P . •  Membership Chairman, Vancouver Section of the Canadian Institute of Forestry.  COHEN, D. • •  Chairman, Marketing Technical Interest Group, Forest Products Research Society. Member, Committee for International Program Planning FPRS.  •  • • • •  Chairman, National Forestry Round Table. Special Achievement in Forestry Award, Western Forestry and Conservation Association. Honorary Life Member for service to forestry, Association of B.C. Professional Foresters. Invited lecturer, Chinese Academy of Sciences, October 1991. Acting Director, Sustainable Development Research Institute. Forest Industry Lecturer, University of Alberta, Edmonton. Green Plan Proposal Coordinator, West Coast Forests.  LAVENDER, D.P. • • •  UBC Professor Emeritus of Forest Sciences. Executive Secretary, Northwest Scientific Association. Honorary President 1991/92, Forestry Undergraduate Society.  MARSHALL, P . L . • • •  Vice-Chair, Forest Science and Technology Board, Canadian Institute of Forestry. Member, Board of Directors, Silviculture Institute of British Columbia. Member, Board of Examiners, Association of B.C. Professional Foresters.  1991 Annual Report  15  OFFICES, AWARDS AND DISTINCTIONS  • •  Member, B.C. Growth and Yield Technical Advisory Committee. Associate Editor, the Forestry Chronicle.  SADDLER, J . N . • •  McLEAN, J . A. •  Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Forest Ecology and Management.  McNEEL, J . F . •  First Place Award for Technical Writing, Southeastern Division of the American Plywood Association.  NELSON, J . D . •  OFFICES, AWARDS AND DISTINCTIONS  Appointed member, Advisory Committee for the Forest Resources Program, B.C. Institute of Technology.  PASZNER, L. • •  Member, Editorial Board, Holzforschung. Board Member and Canadian representative, Expert Council for Vegetable Resources Conversion.  •  •  SALCUDEAN, S . E . •  • •  Member, National Advisory Committee on Model Forests. Board of Directors, Forest Alliance of B.C. Member, Governing Council, Commonwealth Forestry Association.  RUDDICK, J . N . R . • •  • • • •  •  16  Senior Editor - Material und Organismen. Chairman, Working Group III, Preservatives and Processes (International Research Group on Wood Preservation). Chairman, Special Subgroup, Wood Protection S5.03 (IUFRO). Vice-Chairman, CSA Wood Preservation Committee. President, Canadian Wood Preservation Association. Committee Member, Special Research Committee (American Wood Preservers' Association). Vice-Chairman, Committee T-7 Quality Control (American Wood Preservers' Association).  UBC Faculty of Forestry  Advanced Systems Institute Fellowship, awarded for five years starting July 1991.  STEINER, P. •  Acting Head, Department of Harvesting and Wood Science.  VAN KOOTEN, G . C . •  REED, F . L . C . •  Member, Board of Directors, B.C. Biotechnology Alliance. Activity Leader, International Energy Agency (IEA) Network "Biotechnology for the Conversion of Lignocelluloses." Coordinator, Forestry Canada Green Plan, "BIOCOND" Network (Biotechnology for the Control of Forest Diseases). Steering Committee, BIOFOR Network (ISTC Network), Biotechnology for the Forest Industry.  Canadian Agricultural Economics and Farm Management Society Outstanding Journal Article Honourable Mention (with John Spriggs).  WEETMAN, G . F . • • •  1991 Gold Medal for Scientific Achievement, Canadian Institute of Forestry. Member, 1992/93, NSERC Plant Biology Committee Operating Grants. Member, Board of Directors, Silviculture Institute of B.C.  S. Avramidis Sorption kinetics of chloropicrin in wood NSERC $12,000 Dielectric properties of wood COF1/MBR $39,840 Brown stain in Pacific coast hemlock: evaluation and alleviation through special drying methods (co-investigator: S. Ellis) SCBC $58,197 Radio frequency/vacuum drying and pasteurization of wood COFI/EMR $128,100  T.M. Ballard Nutritional sustainability of timber harvesting - BC MoF $36,600  J.D. Barrett Structural behaviour of laminated plates under fatigue loading NSERC/For. Can./Industry $45,000 Structural properties of Canadian lumber Can. Wood Council $14,000 Reliability of wood-based materials NSERC $21,000 Advanced grading technology for structural lumber - SCBC $113,200  C.S. Binkley Status of forestry research in B.C. BC MoF $9,392  C. Breuil Sapstain control by proteinase disruption (co-investigator: J.N. Saddler) NSERC $106,000 Chair of Forest Products Biotechnology (co-investigator: J.N. Saddler) NSERC/Industry $524,000 BIOCOND network - enzymes of sapstaining fungi (co-investigator: J.N. Saddler) - For. Can. $15,000 Application of enzymes to wood hydrolysis and bioconversions (co-investigator: J.N. Saddler) - EMR $201,045 Partnership program - pulp effluent project (co-investigator: J.N. Saddler) NSERC/For. Can. $30,000  F.L. Bunnell Managed stands for deer winter range NSERC $127,480  Assessing impacts on biological diversity BC MoF $55,195 Land use strategy for biodiversity and sustainability Vancouver Foundation $59,405 Spatial dynamics of black-tailed deer NSERC $27,000  SPONSORED  Effects of thinning on birds and small mammals - BC MoF $18,400 Wildlife handbook - BC MoF  RESEARCH  $16,500  P.J. Burton Effects of cold storage duration and soil temperature on seedling quality (co-investigators: E. Camm, R. Guy and D. Lavender) NSERC/For. Can./lndustry $70,000 Quantitative screening of the competitive effects of common non-crop species BCMoF $7,500 Functional assessment of old-growth SBS population structure - BC MoF $25,000 Experimental investigation of conifer germination ecology - BC MoF $26,566 Interactive effects of soil moisture and light regime on conifer seedlings BCMoF $25,050  E.L. Camm Effects of cold storage duration and soil temperature on seedling quality (co-investigators: P. Burton, R. Guy and D. Lavender) NSERC/For. Can./lndustry $70,000 The perennial photosynthetic apparatus NSERC $25,000  J. Carlson Conifer developmental genetics NSERC $29,000 DNA markers for weevil resistance SCBC $98,000 Douglas-fir genetic map - NSERC  $45,000  DNA fingerprinting of seed orchard BCMoF $15,000  C.P. Chanway Microbial inoculation of conifers (coinvestigator) - SCBC $73,566 Salal competition at SCHIRP sites (coinvestigator) - NSERC/Industry $22,500  1991 Annual Report  17  Influence of microorganisms on plant competition - NSERC $25,000  Jamieson Creek experimental watershed GVRD $17,000  Availability of N and P in forest floor of cedar/hemlock cutovers in coastal B.C. (co-investigator) NSERC/For. Can./Industry $60,000  Slope hydrology, Queen Charlottes BCMoF $6,000  D.H. Cohen Matching innovative panel processing technologies with Japanese market requirements - Industry/For. Can. $7,500 Market potential in Japan for fingeijoined and MSR lumber from B.C. - FEPA $2,500  SPONSORED RESEARCH  Analysis of North American specifiers of materials in commercial construction UBC/Industry $27,500  P.J. Dooling Forest landscape management project NSERC $10,000  S. Ellis  The comparative physiology of stress acclimation in conifers - investigations using stable isotopes - NSERC $35,715 Effects of cold storage duration and soil temperature on seedling quality (co-investigators: P. Burton, E. Camm and D. Lavender) NSERC/For. Can./Industry $70,000 Stable carbon isotopes as indicators of increased water use efficiency and productivity in white spruce (co-investigator) - SCBC $29,600 Stable carbon isotopes to screen genotypes for improved drought tolerance and productivity in forest regeneration (co-investigator) - NSERC $30,000  Investigation of the efficiency of powdered phenolic resins in the production of waferboard - NSERC $18,500  D. Haley  Brown stain in Pacific coast hemlock: evaluation and alleviation through special drying methods (co-investigator: S. Avramidis) - SCBC $58,197  G.B. Ingram  R.J. Fannin Soil/geosynthetic interaction NSERC $19,800  Allowable cut effect as a forest policy tool in Canada - FEPA $5,000  Ecology of eastern islands of Indonesia (with Dalhousie University) C1DA $100,000  J.P. Kimmins  Sediment transport in the Tsitika watershed BCMoF $15,000  Vegetation management - NSERC  Drainage in waste containment facilities SCBC $55,700  Development of FORTOON SCBC $30,000  Creep of geosynthetic reinforcement NATO $3,200  Biomass of birch and aspen BCMoF $60,000  M.C. Feller Ecological effects of forest management practices NSERC/Employ. 1mm. Can. $65,470 Ecological effects of slashburning SCBC/BC MoF $79,037 Seed germination requirements BC MoF $58,600  D.L. Golding Poplar plantation for sewage disposal SCBC $25,460  18  R.D. Guy  UBC Faculty of Forestry  Sludge recycling - SCBC  $15,000  $218,000  Old-growth studies: SCHIRP NSERC/BC MoF/Industry $38,000  K. Klinka Growth-site relationships in lodgepole pine NSERC $17,000 Fertilization of western hemlock SCBC/BC MoF $50,900 Silvicultural research in the Prince Rupert region - BC MoF $114,000  D.P. Lavender Physiology of lodgepole pine and white spruce seedlings during their dormant period SCBC $29,000 Effects of cold storage duration and soil temperature on seedling quality (co-investigators: P. Burton, E. Camm and R. Guy) NSERC/For. Can./Industry $70,000  V.M. LeMay Development of a dynamic taper function SCBC $80,000  T. Maness Sawmill production monitoring NSERC $22,000 Sawmill planning and control NSERC/For. Can./Industry $35,000  P.L. Marshall Development of biometrics software SCBC $20,540  J.A. McLean Transportation of Ambrosia beetles in coastal B.C. - Industry/SCBC $313,106 Ambrosia beetles in the industrial milieu of B.C. - sawmill studies - NSERC $104,100 Genetic variation in Pissodes strobi Green Plan For. Can. $6,000  J.F. McNeel Analysis of long-line yarding systems in Franklin River - Industry $40,000 Improving value recovery in harvest operations - SCBC $56,900 Improving analysis methods for harvesting systems - NSERC $10,500 Impact of socially sensitive sites on operational planning - FEPA $2,500  Remeasures of research plots on the Malcom Knapp Forest - BC MoF $15,531  P.A. Murtha Biological considerations for MEIS applications - For. Can. $1,000 GIS database establishment for Pacific Spirit Park - GVRD $2,500 GIS undergraduate lab implementation UBC $45,300  J.D. Nelson Spatially constrained forest planning For. Can./FRDA $25,000 Development of the timber supply model plants V2.0 - BC MoF $20,000  Harvesting and grizzly bear habitat assessment for the Khutzemayteen Valley BCMoE $22,500 Decision support systems for forest land use planning - NSERC $15,000 Spatial approximation techniques FEPA $5,000  L. Paszner Ketal derivatization of sugars NSERC $26,000 Waste paper recycling: allotropy of cellulose NSERC/SCBC $24,000 Inhibitors in ACOS hydrolysates EMR $174,000  F.L.C. Reed Chair in Forest Policy - NSERC Chair - IWA/Industry  $23,400  $83,000  J.N.R. Ruddick  Spatially constrained planning models l' RDA $25,000  Chair in wood preservation NSERC/Industry $150,000  Estimating harvest system productivity and cost on second-growth sites FER1C/FRDA $14,000  Pentachlorophenol bioremediation Industry $115,000  D.D. Munro Training program for integrated intensive forest management - Phase II Thomson Reid Collins $110,000  SPONSORED RESEARCH  Development of a spatial approximation model for large scale forest planning BCMoF $60,000  J.N. Saddler Chair of Forest Products Biotechnology (co-investigator: C. Breuil) NSERC/Industry $524,000  1991 Annual Report  19  Partnership program - pulp effluent project (co-investigator: C. Breuil) NSERC/For. Can./Industry $90,000 Biotechnology for the conversion of lignocellulosics - IEA $65,000 Application of enzymes to wood hydrolysis and byconversions (co-investigator: C. Breuil) - EMR $201,045 Sapstain control by proteinase disruption (co-investigator: C. Breuil) NSERC $106,000 BIOCOND network - enzymes of sapstaining fungi (co-investigator: C. Breuil) - For. Can. $15,000  SPONSORED RESEARCH  S.E. Salcudean Optimization-based CAD of control systems NSERC $19,285 Force-reflecting teleoperation control of forestry machines - NSERC $67,000 Pneumatic force-reflecting teleoperation master - SCBC $34,900 ASI fellowship for robotics and telerobotics BCASI $50,000 Vibration isolation system for micro-gravity environments - Can. Space Agency $20,645  P. Steiner Processing strategies for wood composites NSERC $73,600 Improving wood composite bonding NSERC $18,000 Bonding mechanisms in wood products Industry $10,000  T.P. Sullivan Responses of small mammals to food supplement - NSERC $26,000 Voles and semiochemicals NSERC/For. Can. $40,500 Vole population dynamics BCMoF $36,912 Lodgepole pine stand density BCMoF $57,800 Snowshoe hares and habitat alteration BCMoF $19,700 Vegetation management and wildlife diversity - BC MoF $78,000 Long-term response of small mammals to herbicide - BC MoF $39,600  20  UBC Faculty of Forestry  Direct seeding and small mammal predation BCMoF $10,710 Shelterwood systems and small mammals BCMoF $21,000 Red squirrels and supplemental feeding BCMoF $31,330  B.J. van der Kamp Hemlock dwarf mistletoe impact FRDA $6,920 Resistance of larch to Armillaria root disease FRDA II $15,000 Stem diseases of young lodgepole pine FRDA II $11,000 Pine stem rusts - NSERC  $11,000  Rust of pine - Bo Rydin, Sweden  $2,500  G.C. van Kooten Economic evaluation of reforestation in British Columbia when benefits of carbon sequestration are taken into account FEPA $5,000 Economics of land degradation in Western Canada - Soc. Sci. & Humanities $50,000 Cropping practices and sustainable agriculture in the Peace River Region of B.C. BCASCC $13,000 Analysis of the Japanese market for dimensional lumber FRDA/For. Can. $14,000  G.F. Weetman Forest nutrition fertilization trials NSERC $22,786 SCHIRP - Salal Cedar Hemlock Integrated Research Program NSERC/Industry $130, 993 Controls of nitrogen availability coniferous forests (co-investigator: C. Prescott) NSERC $99,000 Silviculture and wood supply BCMoF $49,798 Response to operational fertilization BCMoF $15,060  J. Worrall Stagnation of lodgepole pine BC MoF $1,000  Arnoldo, M., C.L. Baszczynski, G. Bellemare, G. Brown, J. Carlson, B. Gillespie, B. Huang, W.D. MacLean, W.D. MacRae, G. Rayner, M. Rozakis, M. Wescott, and R.J. Kemble. 1992. Evaluation of transgenic canola plants under field conditions. Genome 35:58-63. Arthur, Louise M. and G.C. van Kooten. 1992. Climate change impacts on agribusiness sectors of a prairie economy. Prairie Forum 17:97-109. Barrett, J.D. and Wilson Lau. 1991. Bending strength adjustments for moisture content for structural lumber. Wood Science and Technol. 25(6):433-447. Barrett, J.D. and Wilson Lau. 1991. Compression strength adjustments for moisture content in Douglas-fir structural lumber. Wood and Fiber Science 23(4):543-557. Barrett, J.D. and R.M. Kellogg. 1991. Strength and stiffness of second growth Douglas-fir dimension lumber. For. Prod. J. 41(10): 35-43. Binkley, C.S. 1991. Global economy and rising expectations. A policy perspective. Proc. F.P.R.S. Wood Products Demand and the Environment (November, 1991). Binkley, C.S. and J.R. Vincent. 1992. Dynamics of forest-based industrialization. In N. Sharma and R. Rowe (eds.), Managing the World's Forests: Looking for the Balance Between Conservation and Development. World Bank: Washington, D.C. Binkley, C.S., N. Sharma and J. Burley. 1992. Policy implications. (Ibid). Bowles, M.L., J.B. Taft, E.F. Ulaszek, M.K. Solecki, D.M. Ketzner, L.R. Phillippe, A. Dennis, P J . Burton, and K.R. Robertson. 1991. Rarely seen endangered plants, rediscoveries, and species new to Illinois. Eriginia 11:27-51. Burton, P.J. 1991. Ecosystem restoration versus reclamation: The value of managing for biodiversity, pp. 17-26 in Reclamation and Sustainable Development: Proc. 15th Ann. B.C. Mine Reclamation Symp. and the 16th Ann. Can. Land Reclamation Mtg., June 24-28, 1991, Kamloops, B.C. Mining Assoc. of B.C., Vancouver. Breuil, C., M. Chan, M. Gilbert and J.N. Saddler. 1991. Influence of P-Glucosidase on the filter paper activity and hydrolysis of lignocellulosic substrates. Bioresour. Technol. 39:139-142.  Bunnell, F.L. 1991. Painted in a corner, pp. 1-6 in Ethical Challenges for Foresters. Proc. Symp., Univ. of British Columbia, Fac. of For., Vancouver, B.C. Camm, E.L. and G.J. Harper. 1991. Temporal variations in cold sensitivity of root growth in cold-stored white spruce seedlings. Tree Physiol. 9:425-431. Camm, E.L., G.J. Harper, S.I. Rosenthal and D.M. Camm. 1991. Post-planting lighttolerance of stored and hot-lifted white spruce and stored lodgepole pine seedlings. Proc. 1991 Forest Nursery Assoc. of B.C. Meeting, Prince George, B.C. pp. 22-28. Carlson, J.E., L.K. Tulsieram, J.C. Glaubitz, V.W.K. Luk, C. Kauffeldt, and R. Rutledge. 1991. Segregation of random amplified DNA markers in F1 progeny of conifers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 83:194-200. Carter, R.E. and K. Klinka. 1991. Use of ecological site classification in the prediction of forest productivity and response to fertilization, pp. 382-392 in V. Schonon (ed.), IUFRO Symp. Intensive Forestry The Role of Eucalypts. Pietermaritzburg, S. Africa. Chanway, C.P. and F.B. Holl. 1991. Biomass increase and associative nitrogen fixation of mycorrhizal Pinus contorta Dougl. seedlings inoculated with a plant growth promoting Bacillus strain. Can. J. Bot. 69:507-511. Chanway, C.P. and L.M. Nelson. 1991. Tissue culture bioassay for plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. Soil Biol. & Biochem. 23:331-333. Chanway, C.P. and L.M. Nelson. 1991. Characterization of cultivar specific growth promotion of spring wheat by Bacillus species. In D.L. Keister and P.B. Cregan (eds.), The Rhizosphere and Plant Growth. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, p. 365. Chanway, C.P., R. Radley and F.B. Holl. 1991. Inoculation of conifer seed with plant growth promoting Bacillus strains causes increased seedling emergence and growth. Soil Biol. & Biochem. 23:575-580. Chanway, C.P., R. Turkington and F.B. Holl. 1991. Ecological implications of specificity between plants and rhizosphere microorganisms. Adv. Ecol. Res. 21:121-169. Chanway, C.P., R.A. Radley, F.B. Holl, and P.E. Axelrood. 1991. Effect of Bacillus strains on growth of pine (Pinus contorta Dougl.), spruce (Picea glauca Voss.), and Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii Mirb.  1991 Annual Report  21  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  Franco). In D.L. Keister and P.B. Cregan (eds.), The Rhizosphere and Plant Growth. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands, p. 366. Cohen, David H. 1992. Adding value incrementally: A strategy to enhance solid wood exports to Japan. For. Prod. J. 42(2):40-44. Cohen, David H. 1992. Bush's redwood products: Analysis of industrial, consumer and commodity markets. In Steven A. Sinclair (ed.), Forest Products Marketing. McGraw Hill Book Company, College Division, pp. 288-298. Cohen, David H. and Paul Smith. 1992. Global marketing strategies for forest products industries. Can. J. For. Res. 22(1): 124-131. Cohen, David H., Changshi Xie and John Ruddick. 1992. Retailer perceptions of treated wood products in Vancouver, British Columbia. For. Prod. J. 42(3)41-44. Crawford, C.B., R.J. Fannin, L.J. De Boer, and C.B. Kern. 1992. Experiences with prefabricated vertical (wick) drains at Vernon, British Columbia. Can. Geotech. J. 29(l):67-79. El-Kassaby, Y.A. and J.E. Carlson. 1991. The use of molecular markers to detect hybridization in introgression zones, pp. 39-55 in Proc. 21st Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conf., Knoxville, Tennessee. Ellis, S. and P.R. Steiner. 1991. Characterization of chemical properties and flow parameters of powdered phenol-formaldehyde resins. Wood and Fiber Science 23(l):85-97. Ellis, S. and P.R. Steiner. 1991. The relationship between cure and flow parameters in powdered phenolic resins. In Proc. Wood Adhesives, 1990 Conf. FPL-FPRS Publ., Madison, WN. pp. 76-85. Ellis, S. and P.R. Steiner. 1992. Some effects of the chemical and physical characteristics of powdered phenol-formaldehyde resins on their adhesive performance. For. Prod. J. 42(1):8-14. Fannin, R J . and S. Hermann. 1991. Creep measurements on polymeric reinforcement. Proc. Geosynthetics '91, Atlanta, U.S.A. pp. 561-574. Fannin, R J . and D.M. Raju. 1991. Pullout resistance of geosynthetics. 44th Canadian Geotechnical Conf., Calgary, pp. 8.1-8.8. Fannin, R J . , T.P. Rollerson, D. Hogan, and D. Daust. 1992. Characteristics of a large debris flow. Proc. Geotechnique and Natural Hazards, pp. 311-318.  22  UBC Faculty of Forestry  Feller, M.C. 1991. Effects of prescribed fire on long-term productivity of forests, pp. 39-56 in "Excuse Me, Neighbour, is my Smoke Bothering You?" Central Interior Fire Manage. Cttee. Symp., Prince George, B.C. Feller, M.C. and E.H. Hamilton. 1991. Effects of slashburning and mechanical site preparation of nutrient status, plant competition, and tree growth in Engelmann Spruce — Subalpine Fir Ecosystems. Prog. Rep. B.C. Min. For. 71 pp. Feller, M.C. 1992. Generalized versus sitespecific biomass regression equations for Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii and Thuja plicata in coastal British Columbia. Bioresour. Technol. 39:9-16. Fyles, J.W., F.H. Fyles and M.C. Feller. 1991. Nitrogen mineralization characteristics of forest floor organic matter on slashburned sites in coastal British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 21:235-241. Fyles, J.W., F.H. Fyles, W. Beese, and M.C. Feller. 1991. Forest floor characteristics and soil nitrogen availability on slashburned sites in coastal British Columbia. Can. J. For. Res. 21:1516-1522. Gilbert, M„ C. Breuil and J.N. Saddler. 1991. Characterization of the enzymes present in the cellulase system of Thielavia terrestric 255B. Bioresour. Technol. 39(2): 147-154. Giusti, G.A., R.H. Schmidt, R.M. Timm, J.E. Borrecco, and T.P. Sullivan. 1992. The lagomorphs: rabbits, hares and pika. pp. 289-307 in H.C. Black (ed.), Silvicultural Approaches to Animal Damage Management in Pacific Northwest Forests. USDA For. Serv., Pac. Northw. Res. Sta. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-287. Glaubitz, J.C., L. Tulsieram and J.E. Carlson. 1991. Genetic linkage mapping with haploid genomes using RAPD markers. Proc. Genome Mapping and Sequencing Conf., May 1991, Cold Spring Harbor, New York, p. 82. Haley, D. and M.K. Luckert. 1991. Effects of Canadian forest tenures on the structure and capital budgeting procedures of forestry firms: A B.C. case study. FEPA Working Paper No. 167. 23 pp. Haley, D. and J. Leitch. 1992. Future of our forests: The report of the B.C. forest resources commission - a critique. Canadian Public Policy XVIII(l).  Hawe, R. and J.A. McLean. 1992. GIS management of felled and bucked log inventories susceptible to ambrosia beetle attack. GIS '92 Symp. 16 pp. Hollis, R., S. Salcudean and P.A. Allan. 1991. A six-degree-of-freedom magnetically levitated variable compliance fine-motion wrist: design, modelling and control. IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation 7(3):320-332. Ingram, G.B. 1991. Biological, visual and recreational values and the planning of extractive development and protected areas: A tale of three islands. Landscape and Urban Planning 21:109-129. Ingram, G.B. 1991. Landscape evaluation: Approaches and applications. Edited by Philip Dearden and Barry Sadler, Univ. of Victoria, Geography Dept., Victoria, B.C. BC Studies 91-92:231-232. Ingram, G.B. 1991. A world of sea and islands. Faces: VII(IX): 12-16. Kimmins, J.P. 1991. Forecasting the growth and yield of Canada's forests to 2050. pp. 74-81 in D.G. Brand (ed.), Canada's Timber Resources. Petawawa National Forestry Institute, Forestry Canada. Inf. Rep. PI-X-101. Kimmins, J.P. 1991. The future of the forested landscapes of Canada. For. Chron. 67:14-18. Kimmins, J.P. 1991. Biodiversity: An environmental imperative. Proc. 72nd Annual Meeting. Woodlands Section, Canadian Pulp & Paper Assoc., Montreal, pp. E225-E231 Kimmins, J.P. and D. Duffy. 1991. Sustainability in the forestry sector, pp. 217-240 in A.H.J. Dorcey (ed.), Perspectives on Sustainable Development in Water Management. Westwater, Univ. of B.C., Vancouver Klinka, K., J. Pojar and D.V. Meidinger. 1991. Revising of biogeoclimatic units of coastal British Columbia. Northwest Science 65:32-46. Klinka, K., R.E. Carter, G.F. Weetman and M. Jull. 1992. Silvicultural analysis of the subalpine mountain hemlock forest. Contract Report for B.C. Min. For., Vancouver Region. Mimeo. 50 pp. Kojwang, H.O. and B.J. van der Kamp. 1991. Infection of lodgepole pine clones by singlegall isolates of western gall rust. pp. 194199 in Y. Hiratsuka, J.K. Samoil, P.V. Blenis, P.E. Crane, and B.L. Laishley (eds.), Rusts of Pine. Proc. IUFRO Rust of Pine Working Party Conf., Banff, 1989.  Lam, F. and J.D. Barrett. 1991. Modelling compression strength spatial variation properties of lumber using trend tremoval and kriging analysis. Proc. Int'l Timber Engineering Conf., Sept. 1-5, 1991. London, pp. 2.135-2.142. Lam, F., S. Avramidis and G. Lee. 1992. Effect of ultrasonic vibration on convective heat transfer between water and wood cylinders. Wood Fiber Sci. 24(2): 154-160. Lavender, D.P. 1991. Reforestation in British Columbia, pp. 29-40 in J.K. Winjum and P.E. Schroeder (eds.), Proc. Int'l. Wkshp. on Large-scale Reforestation. Environ. Res. Lab., Corvallis, Oregon. 148 pp. Luckert, M.K. and D. Haley. 1991. Canadian forest tenures and silvicultural investment behaviour of rational firms. FEPA Working Paper No. 166. 17 pp. Marshall, P.L. 1991. Using decision analysis for stand-level silvicultural decisions. For. Chron. 67:384-388. McBain, A., F. Cui and J.N.R. Ruddick. 1991. Microbiological treatment of chlorophenolic wastes. Proc. 12th Ann. Mtg. Can. Wood Preservation Assoc., Vancouver 12:169-180. McNeel, J. and B. Anderson (eds.). 1991. Proceedings of the 14th Annual Council of Forest Engineering. July 25-29, 1991. Nanaimo, B.C. 147 pp. McNeel, J., S. Webb and J. Freisen. 1991. Productivity and costs for the Skylead C-40 skyline yarder in interior B.C. conditions. Proc. 14th Annual Council of Forest Engineering, July 25-29, 1991. Nanaimo, B.C. pp. 50-55. Morris, P.I., J.N.R. Ruddick and R. Silcox. 1991. Development, design and construction of a double density incisor. For. Prod. J. 41(2): 15-20. Nelson, J.D. and M. Mana. 1991. Modelling group selection and clearcutting methods to forecast harvest schedules and road network development. Proc. 14th Annual Council of Forest Engineering, July 25-29, 1991. Nanaimo, B.C. 12 pp. Nguyen, Q.A. and J.N. Saddler. 1991. An integrated model for the technical and economic evaluation of an enzymatic biomass conversion process. Bioresour. Technol. 35:275-282. O'Neill, G.A., R.A. Radley and C.P. Chanway. 1992. Variable effects of emergence promoting rhizobacteria on conifer seedling growth under nursery conditions. Biology and Fertility of Soils 13:45-49.  1991 Annual Report  23  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  Pearse, Peter H. 1991. Scarcity of natural resources and the implications for sustainable development. Natural Resources Forum 15(l):74-79. Pearse, Peter H. 1991. Fisheries policy development in New Zealand. A report prepared for the Minister of Fisheries. Wellington. 28 pp. Pearse, Peter H. 1992. Natural resources in tomorrow's high-tech economy: The search for sustainable development strategies. Perspectives 38:15-23. Pearse, Peter H., W.A. Thompson, G.C. van Kooten, and I. Vertinsky. 1992. Rehabilitating the backlog of unstocked forest land in British Columbia: A preliminary simulation of alternative strategies. Journal of Business Administration 20(1&2):99-130. Prescott, C.E., R.J. Keenan, M.A. McDonald, G.F. Weetman, and J.P. Kimmins. 1991. Nutrient supply in coastal cedar-hemlock forests. Agronomy Abstracts 87:91. Quinde, A.A. and L. Paszner. 1991. Isomerization of slash pine resin and fatty acids during seasoning. Appita 44(6):379-384. Ramos, L.P., C. Breuil and J.N. Saddler. 1991. Comparison of steam pretreatment of eucalyptus, aspen and spruce wood chips and their enzymatic hydrolysis. Appl. Biochem. and Biotech. 34/35. Reed, F.L.C. 1991. Forestry Renaissance with implications for forest policy. Commonw. For. Review, Mar/Jun, 1991. pp. 25-36. Reed, F.L.C. 1991. Canada's timber situation in 2050. pp. 135-143 in D.G. Brand (ed.), Canada's Timber Resources. Petawawa National Forestry Institute, Forestry Canada. Inf. Pap. PI-X-101. Ruddick, J.N.R. 1991. The influence of CCA penetration in sawnwood on its performance against decay fungi. For. Prod. J. 41(11/12): 19-24. Ruddick, J.N.R. 1991. Laser incising of Canadian softwood to improve treatability. For. Prod. J. 41(4):53-57. Ruddick, J.N.R. 1991. Utility pole performance - Pentachlorophenol distribution and content in recovered pine poles. Wood Protection l(2):77-83. Ruddick, J.N.R. and A.W. Kundzewicz. 1991. Boron rod treatment in heritage structures. Proc. 12th Ann. Mtg. of the Can. Wood Preservation Assoc., Vancouver 12:277-289. Ruddick, J.N.R. and A.W. Kundzewicz. 1991. Bacterial movement of iron in waterlogged soil and its effect on decay in untreated wood. Mater, u. Org. 26(3): 169-181.  24  UBC Faculty of Forestry  Ruddick, J.N.R. and P.I. Morris. 1991. Movement of iron into field test stakes. Wood Protection l(l):22-28. Ruddick, J.N.R., E.B. Jonsson and E.M.A. Nilsson. 1991. Utility pole performance: Effect of service life on surface hardness and preservative retention of CCA-treated pine poles. For. Prod. J. 41(6):21-27. Saddler, J.N. 1991. Bioconversion of residues to ethanol. pp. 33-36 in D. Holehouse (ed.), Woodlands Technology and Residue Disposal/Utilization. Proc. Forestry Conf. '91, Edmonton, Alberta. Salcudean, S. 1991. A globally convergent angular velocity observer for rigid body motion. IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control 36(12): 1493-1497. Salim, S.N. and D.P. Lavender. 1991. Relationship between cold hardiness, stress resistance, and bud dormancy in white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss.) seedlings, pp. 9-14 in F.P. Donnelly and H. Lussenberg (eds.), Proc. 1991 Forest Nursery Assoc. of B.C. Meeting, Prince George, B.C. 153 pp. Salom, S.M. and J.A. McLean. 1991. Flight behaviour of scolytid beetle in response to semiochemicals at different wind speeds. J. Chem.Ecol. 17:647-661. Salom, S.M. and J.A. McLean. 1991. Environmental influences on dispersal of Trypodendron lineatum (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Environ. Entomol. 20:565-576. Sanborn, P.T. and T.M. Ballard. 1991. Combustion losses of sulfur from conifer foliage: Implications of chemical form and soil nitrogen status. Biogeochem. 12:129134. Sanders, Peter R.W. and Cheryl Power. 1991. Commercial thinnings: A new tool in B.C. harvesting. Proc. 14th Annual Council of Forest Engineering, July 25-29, 1991. Nanaimo, B.C. pp. 68-75. Sanders, Peter R.W. 1991. Building the new forest: The role(s) of the woodlot owner. Silviculture Conference, Vancouver, Nov. 1991. 12 pp. Senior, D.J., P.R. Mayers and J.N. Saddler. 1991. The interaction of xylanases with commercial pulps. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 37:274-279. Steiner, P.R. 1992. Determination of paraformaldehyde reactivity and its relationship to PRF resin gelation. Wood Fiber Sci. 24(l):73-78.  Sullivan, T.P. 1991. Biological repellents: protecting plantations from snowshoe hare damage. FRDA Res. Memo No. 189. 2 pp. Sullivan, T.P. 1991. Protecting plantations and stands from small mammals, pp. 94-106 in A. Chambers (ed.), Proc. Wildlife-Forestry Symp. Canadian Institute of Forestry-Forest Resource Development Agreement, Prince George, B.C. F RDA Report 160. Sullivan, T.P. and W.L. Martin. 1991. Influence of site factors on incidence of vole and lemming damage to forest plantations in west-central B.C. West. J. Appl. For. 6:64-67. Sullivan, T.P. 1992. Tree squirrels, woodrats, and beaver, pp. 271-287 in H.C. Black (ed.), Silvicultural Approaches to Animal Damage Management in Pacific Northwest Forests. USDA For. Serv., Pac. Northw. Res. Sta. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-287. Taylor, B.R., M.A. McDonald, J.P. Kimmins, and B.J. Hawkins. 1991. Combining pulp mill sludges with municipal sewage sludge to produce slow-release forest fertilizers, pp. 63-64 in Tech. Conf. Proc. Pacific Paper Expo., Vancouver, B.C. Taylor, B.R., C.E. Prescott, W.F.J. Parsons, and D. Parkinson. 1991. Substrate control of litter decomposition in four Rocky Mountain coniferous forests. Can. J. Bot. 69:2242-2250. Turpin, D.H., G.C. Vanlerberghe, A.M. Amory, and R.D. Guy. 1991. The inorganic carbon requirements for nitrogen assimilation. Can. J. Bot. 69:1139-1145. van der Kamp, B.J. 1991. Pathogens as agents of diversity in forested landscapes. For. Chron. 67(4):353-354. van der Kamp, B.J. 1991. Major gene resistance of scots pine to western gall rust. Can. J. For. Res. 21(3):375-378. van der Kamp, B J . 1991. The expression of resistance in the lodgepole pine - western gall rust pathosystem. pp. 188-193 in Y. Hiratsuka, J.K. Samoil, P.V. Blenis, P.E. Crane, and B.L. Laishley (eds.), Rusts of Pine. Proc. IUFRO Rust of Pine Working Party Conf., Banff, 1989. van Kooten, G.C. and Andrew Schmitz. 1992. Preserving waterfowl habitat on the Canadian prairies; economic incentives vs. moral suasion. Amer. J. Agric. Econ. 74:79-89.  Vincent, J R. and C.S. Binkley. 1991. Forestbased industrialization: A dynamic perspective. Harvard Institute for International Development. Devel. Dis. Paper 39. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. Wade, A.P., D.B. Sibbald, M.N. Bailey, R.M. Balchamber, S. Bittman, J.A. McLean, and P.D. Wentzell. 1991. An analytical perspective on acoustic emission. Analytical Chemistry 63:497A-507A. Wang, J. and B.J. van der Kamp. 1991. Resistance, tolerance, and yield of western black cottonwood infected by Melampsora rust. Can. J. For. Res. 22:183-192. Weetman, G.F. 1991. A research strategy for forest fertilization in British Columbia, pp. 272-284 in J.D. Lousier et. al. (eds.), Improving Forest Fertilization Decisionmaking in British Columbia. B.C. Min. For., Victoria. Weetman, G.F. 1991. Biological uncertainty in growth and yield benefits of secondgrowth silviculture actions and old-growth protection and liquidation strategies in British Columbia. FEPA Working Paper No. 148. 23 pp. Weetman, G.F. 1991. Environmental questions about Swedish forestry. Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, Institutionen for skogsskotsel. Arbetsrapporter nr 56. 10 pp. (Forestry School, Umeii, Sweden). Weger, H.G. and R.D. Guy. 1991. Cytochrome and alternative pathway respiration in white spruce (Picea glauca) roots. Effects of growth and measurement temperature. Physiol. Plant. 83:675-681. Weisensel, W.P., G.C. van Kooten and R.A. Schoney. 1991. Relative riskiness of fixed vs. flexible crop rotations in the dryland cropping region of western Canada. Agribusiness. An International Journal 7:551-62. Whynot, T.W. and G.F. Weetman. 1991. Repeated fertilization effects on nitrogen flutes measured by sequential coring. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 55:1101-1111.  1991 Annual Report  25  FACULTY PUBLICATIONS  H.R. MACMILLAN Lecture in Forestry  SPECIAL LECTURES  Dr. Kenton Miller, a Senior Associate of the World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C. gave the 42nd H.R. MacMillan Lecture in Forestry on November 7, 1991. Dr. Miller's talk was entitled "Biodiversity and the Forestry Profession: Perspectives for the 1990s and beyond." The H.R. MacMillan Lectureship in Forestry was established through the generosity of Mr. H.R. MacMillan, C.B.E., D.Sc., LL.D. and the H.R. MacMillan Family Fund. The Lectureship funds the presentation and publication of lectures by outstanding individuals in fields relating to forest resources management.  LESLIE L. SCHAFFER Lecture in Forest Sciences Dr. Peter Morand, President of the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada gave the 9th Leslie L. Schaffer Lecture in Forest Science on December 3, 1991. His talk was entitled "Challenges in Forestry Research." The Leslie L. Schaffer Lectureship in Forest Sciences was established in the memory of Leslie L. Schaffer, D. Sc., former vicepresident of Western Plywood Co. Ltd. by Mrs. Leslie L. Schaffer to finance lectures and publications by visiting forest scientists at the Faculty of Forestry, UBC. A highly successful Faculty Research Day followed Dr. Morand's talk with more than twenty poster displays and three talks covering forestry-related research from across campus. Copies of the above two talks can be obtained by writing to: Forestry Publications, Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia, 270 - 2357 Main Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4.  26  UBC Faculty of Forestry  TWO OTHER very successful ongoing Faculty lecture series offered during 1991-92 were the Faculty of Forestry Seminar Series and the Students for Forestry Awareness Speaker Series. These weekly lecture series, incorporating speakers from both on and off campus, are open to the public.  On March 4, 1992, the UBC Faculty of Forestry and the Department of English jointly sponsored a seminar by Dr. Kim R. Stafford, the Director of the Northwest Writing Institute at Lewis and Clark College in Portland, Oregon. The title of Dr. Stafford's talk was "The Cultural Meaning of Forests."  Donald D. Munro Director  T  1  HE UBC Malcolm Knapp Research Forest at Maple Ridge and the Alex Fraser Research Forest at Williams Lake are dedicated to research, education and demonstration in the practice of forestry. The forests are managed as outdoor scientific laboratories for graduate students and researchers. Since 1949 more than 600 projects have been initiated on the Malcolm Knapp Forest, and since 1987 fifty projects have been initiated on the Alex Fraser Forest. These projects serve as a foundation for education and demonstrations. A late summer field school is held annually at the Alex Fraser Forest for second year undergraduates while a spring field school is conducted at the Malcolm Knapp Forest for third year undergraduates. Harvesting operations are a part of the management of both forests. We maintain harvest volumes at sustainable levels consistent with the need for research reserves and integrated use. We use revenues from the sale of forest products to partially finance the maintenance and operation of both forests. Continuing education programs in the form of short courses and field trips are offered at both forests, and the professional staff all participate in teaching academic courses in the Faculty.  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1991-92 Malcolm Knapp Research Forest Objectives set for 1991-92 were to establish significant research projects, to develop harvest systems other than clearcutting, and to assess long-term effects of these systems with the aid of geographic information systems. In addition to continuing the established long-term projects, researchers started a total of twelve new projects. Several alternative harvest systems were examined operationally; micro clearcuts, partial cuts, thinning and salvage operations were conducted in twelve different areas. Workers removed approximately 33 per  cent of the annual harvest using these techniques. The results are very encouraging from silvicultural, aesthetic and economic points of view. We are using GIS to determine locations where these systems may be applicable and to assess the effects of these systems on sustainable timber harvests.  RESEARCH  Alex Fraser Research Forest Our objectives for 1991-92 were to establish significant research projects and to complete a 5-year development plan. We made good progress on attracting new research projects with nine new files opened. BC Research funded tests on embryogenesis-derived seedlings and the use of bacterial cultures to promote tree growth. The Ministry of Forests funded a study of spruce terminal weevils. A cooperative study with the Ministry and Weldwood is examining an alternative to clearcutting. In addition, the Ministry supports a variety of studies through silviculture funding. Two of these continue to examine the impacts of juvenile spacing on wildlife habitat. By refocusing planning efforts, we completed a 20-year plan. We also made good progress on a 5-year plan with considerable interaction with the Ministry of Environment. Ongoing silviculture contracts with the Ministry of Forests funded an additional staff position for the year.  FORESTS  MUNRO, Donald D. B.S.F., M.Sc., Ph.D., R.P.F. Director of University Research Forests. DAY, Ken B.S.F., R.P.F. Resident Forester, Alex Fraser Research Forest, Williams Lake. SANDERS, Peter B.S.F., M.F., R.P.F. Resident SHvicuKurist, Malcolm Knapp Research Forest, Maple Ridge.  In support of the harvesting program, we had 3.5 km of new road built at a cost of $35,000. An additional 12 km of road was upgraded at a cost of $13,200.  PLANS FOR 1992-93 Our highest priority for the Research Forests continues to be to install and maintain significant research projects. We will follow management and harvesting strategies that permit flexibility to respond to research needs. Target harvest levels are 8,000 m 3 for the Malcolm Knapp and 5,000 m 3 for the Alex Fraser Forest. We will implement alternatives to clearcutting wherever feasible and will design a full resource inventory of the Alex Fraser Forest. Don Munro can be contacted at (604) 463-8148, fax (604) 463-2712 or E-Mail don_munro@mtsg.ubc.ca.  1991 Annual Report  UBC  27  POWER, Cheryl B.S.F., R.P.F. Silviculture Forester, Malcolm Knapp Research Forest, Maple Ridge.  INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY PROGRAMS  lV/r EMBERS of the UBC Faculty of Forestry possess a considerable breadth of expertise that is often in demand internationally. This range of expertise extends from forest economics, policy, marketing and management, to remote sensing, geographic information systems, ecology and integrated resource planning and management and associated subjects. Faculty members have varied experiences internationally including foreign resident longterm project direction and short-term assignments in addition to experience gained from regular academic duties involving international travel and teaching graduate students from countries worldwide. This expertise is coordinated and made available to interested parties (government, industry or private) through International Forestry Programs in the Faculty of Forestry.  MUNRO, Donald D. B.S.F., M.Sc., Ph.D., R.P.F. Director of International Forestry Programs  Services include, but are not limited to, providing experts for short-term foreign assignments, designing and delivering individualized study programs on the University campus or in the host country, and organizing conferences, seminars and field trips.  Projects recently completed or currently underway include:  REGIONAL CORPORATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Canada (CIDA) • Colombia Human Resource Development Project Objectives To provide technical assistance to Colombian Regional Development Corporations to assist in preparing an advanced watershed management plan.  U B C participation (completed) The Faculty of Forestry designed and delivered a 31-day instructional program for 16 professional staff of three Colombian Regional Corporations and the Colombian National Planning Department. The specially designed program included campus lectures and seminars in topics related to resource planning and sustainable development and field trips to interior and coastal British Columbia.  28  UBC Faculty of Forestry  INTEGRATED INTENSIVE FOREST MANAGEMENT (PHASE II) CIDA-China Forest Management Project Objectives To provide technical assistance to Chinese professionals in integrated intensive forest management.  UBC participation (underway) The Faculty is providing theoretical and practical training to Chinese foresters sent to Canada under die terms of die CIDA-China project. A total of 53 person-months of personalized instruction in GIS, plant physiology, tree improvement and silviculture is being directed to nine foresters from China.  FOREST ECONOMICS, ADMINISTRATION AND POLICY FOR RUSSIAN PERSONNEL Canada Department of External Affairs Objectives To improve management skills through academic training to encourage market-oriented reforms.  UBC participation (proposed) The Faculty of Forestry will develop and deliver a program designed to increase awareness of the operation of a market forest products economy and to forge links between managers in Russia and their Canadian counterparts in forest and industrial management. A total of 25 students will complete a personalized 10-month program in Canada including language training and cultural orientation, regular University academic courses and field travel in British Columbia and Canada.  Don Munro can be contacted at (604) 463-8148, fax (604) 463-2712 or E-Mail don_munro@mtsg.ubc.ca.  Cindy Pearce Director  Provincial Office at the Faculty of Forestry at UBC and broad-based Advisory Boards for each office.  ACHIEVEMENTS IN 1991-92 • H P HE Forestry Continuing Studies Network is a new initiative for coordinating and improving forestry continuing education in British Columbia. The Network was established in response to the increasing supply of new information on sustainable forest resource management. In the past, independent agencies and organizations developed programs to make this information available to professionals, technical personnel and other individuals who are interested in forest resource management issues. No institution had the mandate to coordinate these initiatives. In late 1990, the Faculty of Forestry at UBC created a task force to examine the role that the university should take in improving forestry continuing education in British Columbia. During early 1991, the UBC Faculty of Forestry joined forces with the community colleges offering forest technology programs (Selkirk, Malaspina, and Northwest), B.C. Institute of Technology (BCIT), University College of the Cariboo (UCC) and the University of Northern B.C. (UNBC) to create the B.C. Forestry Continuing Studies Network (FCS Network). In July 1991, a total of $393,577 was provided by Forestry Canada, through the Canada-British Columbia Partnership Agreement on Forest Resource Development: FRDA II, and the B.C. Ministry of Forests to establish the FCS Network. The FCS Network is an independent, nonprofit organization committed to bringing British Columbians quality adult education in sustainable forest resource management. The strategic objectives of the FCS Network are: 1. Encourage cooperation and partnerships among the existing providers of forestry continuing studies activities in B.C. to develop a coordinated program.  •  Staffed Delivery Centres at Selkirk College in Castlegar and UNBC in Prince George and created local Advisory Boards.  •  Organized the first annual Forestry Continuing Studies Workshop for 161 cooperating organizations.  •  Created a computerized mailing list including government agencies, forest companies, consulting firms and interested individuals.  •  The FCS Network includes Delivery Centres at the cooperating educational institutions, a  Produced and distributed a calendar of forestry continuing studies activities.  •  Secure $883,600 from FRDA II and the B.C. Ministry of Forests.  •  Staff Delivery Centres at UCC in Kamloops and at Malaspina College in Naniamo and establish local Advisory Boards.  •  Organize a minimum of two activities per month at each Delivery Centre.  •  Establish a Provincial Professional/ Technical Audience Sector Working Group to define continuing education priorities for this audience and facilitate collaborative projects to address these priorities.  •  Produce and distribute calendars of provincial and local activities.  •  Develop databases of experts in designing, producing and delivering activities, and descriptions of available activities.  •  Prepare and distribute a discussion paper on adult forestry education in B.C.  •  Provide a series of workshops to train instructors and facilitators of continuing studies activities for forestry audiences.  •  Diversify funding sources.  Cindy Pearce can be contacted at (604) 822-9278, fax (604) 822-3106 or E-Mail cindy_pearce@mtsg.ubc.ca.  1991 Annual Report  FORESTRY CONTINUING STUDIES NETWORK  PEARCE, Cindy Dipl. For. Tech., B.Sc., R.P.F. Director of Forestry Continuing Studies Network SATO, Shirley B.A. Office Manager  PLANS FOR 1992-93  2. Provide quality activities throughout B.C. to meet the needs in local areas. 3. Provide leadership in continuing education for professional and technical personnel in forest resource management.  Established the Provincial Office in the MacMillan Building of the UBC Faculty of Forestry and created the Provincial Advisory Board.  29  C CENTRE FOR APPLIED IONSERVATION BIOLOGY  ONSERVING biological diversity while sustaining robust economic development is a core problem facing British Columbia today. To respond to this problem the Faculty of Forestry created the Centre for Applied Conservation Biology to focus UBC's resources on the management of parks, natural areas and other kinds of forested landscapes where conservation values are pre-eminent. This new Centre is unique in its incorporation of a strong undergraduate program, broad definition of educational targets, close links between basic and applied disciplines, and focus on forested ecosystems where the conflicts between biological diversity and economic activities are most pointed.  Education BUNNELL, Fred L. B.Sc., Ph.D. Director of Centre for Applied Conservation Biology Associate Director (vacant)  The educational program will have three elements: an affiliated undergraduate program, a graduate program, and short courses. The target audiences are professional foresters, managers of parks and natural areas, the public and the public media. The Centre is closely linked to the new undergraduate B.Sc. (Natural Resource Conservation) program that was recently initiated by the Faculty of Forestry. That program includes a core of natural science courses in forest, plant, and animal ecology, conservation biology and landscape ecology, and a suite of social science and management courses in economics, political science and philosophy to translate natural process into human values. With the support of the H.R. MacMillan Family Fund, we will offer a new course next year "Issues in Biological Conservation." The course will be jointly listed with the Departments of Botany and Zoology.  Fred L. Bunnell Director  We are seeking funds for these conferences to be matched by one or more participating agencies, government or private. We believe that joint financial sponsorship is critical for attracting the kind of high-level attention that we seek. The Faculty of Forestry, sponsored by Forestry Canada, is currently planning the first such conference — "Incorporating Biological Diversity in Forest Policy and Management Decisions" — for the 1992-93 academic year.  Research Interdisciplinary, cooperative research is the key to answering the broad questions of conservation biology. Currently, the necessary expertise is scattered throughout the university, the province, and even internationally. The Centre will bring these scholars together to assist collaboration and cooperation, thus hastening advances in research. The Centre will test conservation biology theories in the context of forested ecosystems, and apply this knowledge to managed forests, parks and natural areas. The Centre will establish major long-term research projects carried out by its own staff and a network of cooperating scientists from government, industry, and academia. Three such efforts are currently underway: •  A UBC-wide proposal for a major ecological study of Vancouver Island to be funded under the Green Plan Ecosystems Research program (Prof. J.P. Kimmins).  •  A major effort to establish in British Columbia a system of experimental forests (Prof. G.F. Weetman).  •  UBC involvement in three of the proposed Forestry Canada Model Forests (Prof. G.F. Weetman).  Policy Conferences The University provides neutral territory to bring together the parties in the heated policy disputes that characterize resource conflict in British Columbia and elsewhere in the world. We propose to adapt a model developed by the Dahlem conferences for dealing with complex social/scientific issues. In these conferences, papers are drafted prior to the meeting and form the starting point for discussions occurring in plenary and smaller groups.  30  UBC Faculty of Forestry  Fred Bunnell can be contacted at (604) 822-5724 or fax (604) 822-8645.  Undergraduate Programs The Faculty of Forestry offers a 4-year degree program in each of the following five areas: • • • • •  Forest Resources Management — B.S.F. Forest Harvesting — B.S.F. Wood Science and Industry — B.Sc. (Forestry). Forest Science — B.Sc. (Forestry). Natural Resources Conservation — B.Sc. (Natural Resources Conservation).  Forest Resources  Management  As the most general of the five programs, this major focuses on the multidisciplinary aspects of forest resources biology and management to include resources such as timber, range, wildlife, recreation, fisheries and water. Studies deal with the unique characteristics of each resource, their interactions, and the manipulation of forests to yield a variety of desirable products in the context of the social and economic environment of Canadian society.  Forest Harvesting This major is designed to prepare the graduate for professional forestry responsibilities, with emphasis on the planning, design and administration of forest harvesting operations. Areas of study include: design and construction of forest roads, bridges and drainage structures; selection, planning and supervision of logging systems; site protection and rehabilitation; and the design and development of computer applications for harvesting systems.  Wood Science and Industry This major is designed to give students a strong technical background in wood as a material and a good understanding of wood products manufacture, marketing, engineering and utilization. Areas of concentration include: business management and marketing, industrial process technology, engineering and biotechnology.  Forest Science This major is for students interested in more specialized study of the scientific principles related to the growth, development and ecology of forest species. Emphasis is placed on basic and interactional phenomena that influence the establishment, growth and development of trees and other forest resources. These include genetics, soils, weather and climate, form, function, ecology, microbiology and other foundation courses in entomology, pathology, silvics, silviculture and wood science.  Natural Resources  Conservation  This new interdisciplinary program is designed to prepare students for careers in the conservation of renewable natural resources, the management of protected areas, and planning for the integrated use of forests and associated wildlands. The program provides students with an understanding of the natural and social sciences underlying the conservation and management of resources associated with wildlands. It will also provide students with an appreciation for the socio-economic environments in which decisions concerning the management of protected areas are made, and a working knowledge of technologically advanced tools and quantitative techniques available to renewable resource planners and managers.  Graduate Programs The graduate degrees available from the Faculty of Forestry are as follows: • • • •  Doctor Master Master Master  of of of of  Philosophy — Ph.D. Forestry — M.F. Science — M.Sc. Applied Science — M.A.Sc.  PROGRAM CHANGES IN 1991-92 Comprehensive changes to the undergraduate programs in forest resources management and forest harvesting have allowed us to incorporate more basic science, place a greater emphasis on communications, provide more complete training in environmental aspects of forest operations and foster closer articulation with regional colleges. A new program developed for forestry graduates from B.C.'s technical institutions will allow these students to complete UBC's Forest Resources Management program in three additional years of study. The Faculty has initiated a new interdisciplinary program in the conservation and management of parks and natural areas.  PLANS FOR 1992-93 We will continue to develop a new non-thesis Master of Forestry (M.F.) program. The Faculty will implement the first year of the new B.Sc. program in Natural Resources Conservation.  1991 Annual Report  31  PROGRAMS OF STUDY  Total Enrolment Figures  UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS  Enrolment for undergraduate students (in all four years of the forestry program) reached a seven year high in 1991-92 of 285 students. This figure represents an increase of eight per cent from the previous year's total of 265 students. An indication of recent trends in enrolment figures is provided by the graph below: 450 400  ENROLMENT STATISTICS  As seen in the following table, most of our undergraduates enrol in the Forest Resources Management major: Distribution of students among majors 1991/92  Major Forest Resources Management Forest Harvesting  Number enrolled 169  % of total  24  59.3 8.4  Forest Sciences  18  6.3  350  Wood Science  25  300  Undeclared  49  8.8 17.2  250  Total  285  100  200  Female students represent 20 per cent of the above total.  150 100 50  New Student Enrolments  76/77  79/80  82/83  85/86  88/89  91/92  Total enrolment and new enrolment 1976/77-1991/92 As a consequence of recent increases in enrolment, the number of students in the earlier year classes is larger than in later year classes. In 1992-93, we expect that transfers into second year will offset the low number of first year students. 120  Ninety-six new undergraduate students entered the faculty during 1991-92. The numbers entering into the different years is tabulated below: New students entering the Faculty 1991/92  Year of study  Number of new students entering  100  I II III  48 39 9  80  Total  96  60  40  20 0  1  2  3  4  Year of Sludy  Enrolment by year of study for 1991/92  32  UBC Faculty of Forestry  The average age of new students entering the undergraduate programs was 21.3 years. Forty per cent of the new students entered direcUy from high school and 60 per cent from post-secondary institutions. Forty-six per cent of the new students are from the Lower Mainland and Vancouver Island, 21 per cent are from the southern Interior, and 19 per cent are from in the northern Interior.  T H I S LIST reflects scholarships and fellowships awarded at the end of the 1991 academic year.  First Year Students Hashizume, R.Y. Lawrence, K.E. Temple, S.P. Yacyshen, T.  Charles A. and Jane C.A. Banks Foundation Scholarship. Charles A. and Jane C.A. Banks Foundation Scholarship. H.R. MacMillan Prize in Forestry. Charles A. and Jane C.A. Banks Foundation Scholarship. H.R. MacMillan Scholarship.  Second Year Students Brewer, R.G.W. Cuzzocrea, S.I. Friesen, H.A. Hall, M.L.R. Jessee, J.L. Roddan, C.E. Rouck, K. Stancyk, K.J.  MacMillan Bloedel Limited Scholarship. Charles A. and Jane C.A. Banks Foundation Scholarship. Charles A. and Jane C.A. Banks Foundation Scholarship. Charles A. and Jane C.A. Banks Foundation Scholarship. Gait Elkington Memorial Scholarship. H.R. MacMillan Scholarship. Robert and Mary Wellwood Memorial Scholarship. David Bell Little Memorial Scholarship. Charles A. and Jane C.A. Banks Foundation Scholarship. H.R. MacMillan Scholarship. Kapoor Singh Siddoo Scholarship in Forestry. Machinery and Supply Companies Group Forestry Scholarship. Charles A. and Jane C.A. Banks Foundation Scholarship.  AWARDS Undergraduate Programs  Third Year Students Buss, C.T. Chan, P.N. Decker, A.S.  Flinton, R.H. Frazer, S.A. Girard, R.D. Jobst, J.T.  Pope, J.S. Haley, K. Scherer, R.A. Skinner, J.D. Smith, R.R.  Kapoor Singh Siddoo Scholarship. Timberline Scholarship. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. Monsanto. Forestry Alumni. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. MacMillan Bloedel Limited Scholarship. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. Association of B.C. Professional Foresters. Barry English Memorial Award. James Russell Mills Memorial Award. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. Phil Haddock Prize in Silviculture. Ken Haley Memorial Prize in Fire Science and Management. Backman Scholarship in Forest Resource Management. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. Robert E. Mills Memorial Award. Oscar Soderman Memorial Scholarship. Weldwood of Canada Limited Bursary. John D. Beatty Memorial Scholarship. Charles A. and Jane C.A. Banks Foundation Scholarship.  Fourth Year Students Barker, M.D. Chrobot, L.C. Tretheway, C. Webb, S.R.  Best graduating essay - Association of B.C. Professional Foresters. Canadian Institute of Forestry Medal. Best graduating thesis - Association of B.C. Professional Foresters. H.R. MacMillan Prize in Forest Harvesting. H.R. MacMillan Prize in Forestry. 1991 Annual Report  33  T h i s LIST reflects degrees conferred in the May 1991 and November 1991 Congregations.  B.S.F. Forest Resources Management Major  GRADUATION STATISTICS Undergraduate Programs  Barker, M.D. Bedford, D.E. Bell, T.D. Bennett, S.L. Bragg, M P. Brodie, J.R. Challenger, D.A. Chrobot, L.C. Dobi, J.D. Drobe, B.G. Dunn, W.E. Eddy, D.C. Fidgeon, M.C. Fletcher, N.B. Frier, J.G. Gage, G.P. Gemeinhardt, K. Gnucci, J.A. Hale, D.L. Halter, M. Hawe, R.D. Hedges, S.B. Horsnell, K.P. Ligtenberg, J.R.  MacKay, D.C. Mana, M.R. McCuaig, W.J. Melten, P.F. Milne, S.M. Mitchell, S.C. O'Hanley, J.G. Pelletier, S.L. Piggot, D.G. Rushworth, C.K. Silver, P.F. Singbeil, R.T. Sommerville, K.G. Stables, D.A. Stagg, C.J. Sulyma, R.G. Sweeten, J.R. Tailleur, R.D. Talbot, D.T. Taylor, B.A. Thornley, D. Tobin, B.T. van der Holt, J.A.  B.Sc. (Forestry) Wood Science and Industry Major Arnold, E.J. Goudie, D. Hutchinson, S.M. Kaila, P.S. Lum, A.G. Mohammed, J.J. Slim, N R.  EMPLOYMENT SURVEY OF RECENT GRADUATES Results of the 1991 employment survey of recent graduates are presented below (49 of the 62 graduates responded to die questionnaire).  B.Sc. (Forestry) Forest Science Major Scott, M.S. Trethewey, C.  B.S.F. Forest Harvesting Major Carson, D.S. Friesen, J.E. Johnston, G.P. Jukes, W.D. Kaps, K.E. Webb, S R.  34  UBC Faculty of Forestry  Forest Professionals 34  Advanced Education 4 Other Employment 6  Forestry Technician 5  Enrolment Trends The Forestry Graduate Program has grown in student numbers by almost 60 per cent over the past decade. Today diere are 134 graduate students registered in the Faculty. The distribution of these students between the different degree programs can be seen in the table below. The greatest growth has been in the number of Doctoral students — in 1982 there were only 29 — today there are 59 students enrolled in the program. In this same period the number of Masters students has risen from 55 to 75. Graduate student enrolment 1981/82-1991/92 140  120 -  The proportion of graduate students from outside of Canada has remained fairly constant over the past few years and presenUy stands at 50 per cent of Doctoral and 25 per cent of Masters students representing a total of nineteen countries.  GRADUATE PROGRAMS  Graduate Student Funding In the 1991-92 academic year, Forestry graduate students have been awarded over $503,000 in scholarship funding and close to $331,000 in graduate research and teaching assistantships. A further $250,000 from other agencies brings this year's total graduate support to over $1,084,000.  ENROLMENT STATISTICS  Graduate funding sources 1991/92  100 -  Scholarships  $503,450  80  -  Graduate teaching assistantships  $181,260  60  -  Graduate research assistantships  $150,000  Other funding sources  $250,000  40 -  Total 81/82  83/84  85/86  Masters  87/88  Ph.D.  •  89/90  $1,084,710  91/92  Total  •  -e-  The proportion of female Forestry graduate students has remained fairly constant at around 20 per cent. The following table shows enrolment data for 1991-92.  Graduate student enrolment 1991/92 Program Ph.D.  Male  Female  Total  48 1 9  11  M.A.Sc. M.F. M.Sc.  47  17  10 64  Total  105  29  134  0 1  59 1  1991 Annual Report  35  SCHOLARSHIPS AND FELLOWSHIPS Graduate Programs  DOCTORAL STUDENTS  MASTERS STUDENTS  Awadel-Karim, S. VanDusen, McPhee Brack, C. UGF Brown, G. NSERC, GREAT Weyerhaeuser Dai, C CPA, McPhee Doyle, A. Glaubitz, J. NSERC, GREAT Forestry Faculty Hartley, I Hudson, R. VanDusen, McPhee McPhee, Heller Jeong, C. Kischuk, B. GREAT Kozak, R. Forintek NSERC, UGF Kubasiewicz, A. Forintek Lau, P. McPhee Leitch, J. UGF Li, X. Markham, J. NSERC, UGF VanDusen Matakala, P. VanDusen, Mohammad-Nazhad, M. McPhee Commonwealth Muhairwe, C. Nercessian, G. McPhee UGF Ni, S. Fletcher, VanDusen Rutledge, R. UGF Shishido, M. Johal, McPhee Tak, K. GREAT Van Ham, M. Wang, Y. UGF GREAT Wielgus, R. Thompson Wood, P. Johal Xu, W. Zhang, D. UGF  Ainsworth, D. Andison, D. Booth, B. Christie, D. Craig, V. Daniels, L. Donald, S. Feng, Y. Goudie, D. Helewa, N. Kayahara, G. Lewis, K. MacKenzie, K. McCuaig, W. Morgan, J. Neumann, M. Rusch, D. Sun, L. Szikszai, T. Van Woudenberg, A. Vernier, P. Wand, S. Yearsley H.  VanDusen MacMillan GREAT VanDusen GREAT Forestry Faculty Lumber Cochran Forintek McPhee, Orchard Fletcher GREAT GREAT Allen GREAT GREAT GREAT Buckland UGF CFP McPhee McPhee McPhee  Full Name of Award George S. Allen Memorial Scholarship. Don Buckland Memorial Scholarship in Forest Pathology. CFP — Canadian Forest Products Ltd. Fellowship in Forest Wildlife Management. Canadian Commonwealth Scholarship. Ralph M. and Elizabeth E. Cochran Scholarship. CPA — Canadian Particle Board Association Scholarship. Fletcher Challenge Canada Ltd. Fellowship in Forest Resource Management. Fletcher Challenge Canada Ltd. Fellowship in Silviculture. Special Forestry Faculty Scholarship. Forintek Canada Corporation Fellowship in Wood Science and Wood Products. GREAT — Graduate Research Engineering and Technology Awards. Paul Heller Fellowship. Asa Johal Fellowship in Forestry. Lumber Inspectors'Benevolent Society Scholarship. MacMillan Bloedel Limited Fellowship in Forest Mensuration. Donald S. McPhee Fellowship. NSERC — Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. Dr. C.D. Orchard Memorial Fellowship in Forest Management. James Robert Thompson Fellowship. UGF — University Graduate Fellowship. VanDusen Graduate Fellowship. Weyerhaeuser Fellowship in Wood Design Management.  36  UBC Faculty of Forestry  T H I S LIST reflects degrees conferred in the May 1991 and November 1991 Congregations.  M.A.Sc.  Ph.D.  XIONG, Pingbo Modelling strength and stiffness of gluelaminated timber using machine stress rated lumber. Dr. J.D. Barrett  BRACHER, Grant Detection of nutrient stress in Douglas-fir seedlings using spectroradiometer data. Dr. P A. Murtha CAZA, Caroline The ecology of planted engelmann spruce (Picea engelmannii Parry) seedlings on subalpine forest cutovers. Dr. J.P. Kimtnins  M.F. CHAI, Francis Diameter increment models for the mixed swamp forests of Sarawak. Dr. V.M. LeMay DUBOIS, Joel The influence of conditioning on internal checking of high-temperature dried Pacific coast hemlock. Dr. S. Avramidis  M.Sc. FLAVELLE, Alix A traditional agroforestry landscape on Fergusson Island, Papua, New Guinea. Dr. G.B. Ingram HEINEMAN, Jean Growth of interior spruce seedlings on forest floor materials. Dr. D.P. Lavender JIANG, Liang Somatic embryogenesis and genetic transformation in Douglas-fir. Dr. J. Carlson KOLOTELO, David Artificial hybrids of B.C. spruce species: growth, phenology and cold hardiness. Dr. D.T. Lester SWIFT, Karen Response of interior spruce to fertilization in the interior of B.C. Dr. G.F. Weetman  CISNEROS, Hector Microscopical aspects of hardwood refiner pulps. Dr. L Paszner GADZIOLA, Robert Investigation of the zinc and manganese status of some stands of Tsuga heterophylla in B.C. Dr. T. Ballard HUSTED, Lynn Low soil temperature and efficacy of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Dr. D.P. Lavender LAROCQUE, Guy Assessing competition using absolute and relative growth rates and relative density of wood for red pine. Dr. P.L. Marshall MESSIER, Christian Factors limiting early conifer growth in salaldominated cutovers in Northern Vancouver Island. Dr. J.P. Kimmins RUNESSON, Ulf Considerations for early remote detection of mountain pine beetle in green-foliaged lodgepole pine. Dr. P.A. Murtha SILIM, Salim Regulation of cold hardiness in seedlings of western red cedar, yellow cedar and white spruce. Dr. D.P. Lavender WANG, Jun Variation in resistance and tolerance of black cotton wood to Melamspora occidentalis (Jacks) rust. Dr. B.J. van der Kamp  TOMOI, Matsushima Reliability-based design for Japanese timber structures using Canadian S-P-F dimension lumber. Dr. J.D. Barrett  1991 Annual Report  37  DEGREES GRANTED  Graduate Programs  PRODUCTION INFORMATION  This Annual Report was prepared on an IBM PC AT compatible computer using Microsoft Word for Windows Version 2.0. A final camera-ready impression was produced using a QMS PS 815 printer.  Cover: Cornwall cover coated one side 10 pt. Text: Topkote dull coated two sides 80 lbs.  Questions concerning this report or requests for mailing list updates, deletions or additions should be directed to: Dr. Susan Watts Annual Report Editor Faculty of Forestry University of British Columbia 270-2357 Main Mall Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4 Phone: (604)822-6316 Fax: (604) 822-8645 E-Mail: sue_watts@mtsg.ubc.ca ISSN 1188-9837 Printed in Canada on recycled paper  


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