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Indian Education Newsletter (Vol. 3, No. 10) Indian Education Resources Center 1973-06-30

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VOLUME #3 #10 JUNE 1973Indian Education Renounces Cente4Room 106 - Mock Hatt, U.B.C.Vancouver. 8, 8. C.Phone: 228-4662- 2 -ACHIEVP0 ENTThis final edition of the Indian Education Newsletter for school.year 1972 - 73 will emphasize "Adhievement" as its theme. Long acceptedby readers as a newsletter promoting exchange of ideas, on-going reportson special educational projects, and a place to give opinions and ideasrelating to the field of Indian Education, this edition will attempt toaccount and summarize various achievements, progress, etc. that may tendto reflect the forward thrust that took place this year. By no means isthis an attempt to say that Indian Education problems are rapidly beingsolved, for there is a long rough road ahead before any headway can betabulated, especially in teacher awareness and attitude or Indian involve-ment. Hopefully this positive wind-up measure will serve to encouragemore effort for the coming year.******************o.****ACHIEVEMENTSGEORGE LAWSON - Grade 12 of Port Simpson will graduate from Brittania .Secondary and has won a Brittania Secondary scholarship forhis efforts as an honor student.MATTHEW MOORE - Grade 12 of Greenville will graduate from Maple Ridgein Haney and go into University seeking an eventual Bachelorof Commerce leading to a Law degree.PETER AUGUST - of North Vancouver won recognition at Carson Graham as thetop student in General Mathematics, and also won a goodcitizenship award.RAYMOND STEVENS - will go in September "back east" to a University tobegin training leading to a profession in Dentistry. He isfrom Skidegate.TRUDY WILLIAMS - of Mount Currie . Was accepted and starts training onJuly 3rd at VandOuver -Vodational institute as the first girlto take Welding there in twenty five years.BILL WILSON - of Cape Mudge graduated from the University of BritishColumbia with a Law Degree. Bill has had a long and variedinvolvement in activities on' the Indian scene.BRADLEY HUNT - of Bella Bella and his wife Karen will graduate from theUniversity of British Columbia this summer with Bachelorof Education degrees. They plan to go to Bella Bella to teach.***********************... LEONA SPARROW - of Musqueam (Vancouver) will graduate this summer with aBachelors degree in Arts majoring in Anthropology.FLORA BAKER - of Alert Bay graduated from the University of Victoria witha Bachelor of Education (Secondary) Degree. Already a certifiedteacher and valued member of the B. C. Native Indian Teachers'Association -- she will return to the teaching field as a Vice-Principal of a Junior Secondary School.DEANNA STERLING - of Merritt graduated from the University of Victoriawith a Bachelors of Education (elementary) Degree. A certifiedteacher with four years experience, she will soon be re-enteringthe field of Education.A number of Indian people distinguished themselves and their people byrepresenting people and taking active participation as membersof the board of school trustees. Such names include; ForrestWalkum - Spences Bridge, Heber Maitland - Kitimaat, PearlPearson - Skidegate, Horace Walkus - Bella Coola, NollDerrickson - Westbank, Wayne Shuter and Mary Archachan - Merritt.LINDA SANKEY - will soon complete Registered Nurses Training at St. Paul'sHospital.CHIEF PHILIP PAUL - who stepped down from his post as Director of IndianStudies at Camosun College to become active spokesman for theUnion of British Columbia Indian Chiefs', also was appointedas the first Indian to serve on the Senate of the Universityof Victoria.MRS. HATTIE FERGUSON - a long time supporter of the Indian, recently wasappointed to the Vancouver City College Council.CHIEF CHARLIE DRANEY - of Deadman's Creek was appointed to sit on theKamloops - Caribou College Council:GEORGE WILSON - Bachelor of Education--former teacher, former principal,presently Chairman of Center Council - British ColumbiaNative Indian Teachers' Association, will be appointed inJuly as Director of Indian Education, Special Services DivisionDepartment of Education, Victoria.MRS. ANGIE DENNIS - B. C. Native Indian Teacher Association member, formerteacher, presently editor for an Indian newspaper-the NationalAssociation of Friendship Centers, was recently appointed toserve on a Special Advisory Board of the Department of Education.**********************^***-4 -... LONNIE HINDLE - Secretary-Treasurer of the British Columbia Association ofNon-Status Indians', a recent university graduate (major -linguistics) has recently completed a short Practical Dictionaryon the Gitksan Language. Mr. Hindle also serves on severalprovincial government committees as an advisor.FORTY THPEE BURSARIES - have been awarded to Indian - students in BritishColumbia by the B. C. Native Indian Teachers' Association,and the applications continue to come into the Indian EducationResources Center. There is no deadline date. The Bursaryis to provide needed funds to Indians taking post-secondarytraining.TWO INDIAN STUDENT RESIDENCES - will be distinguised by the appointmentsof Indians' as Administrators. The Kamloops Indian StudentResidence will see Nathan Matthews, 24, a Chu Chua Indianfrom Barriere, B. C. , to take position as Administrator inSeptember (see pp. "Kamloops Indian Student Residence".).JOE ALECK - of the Cheam Band has actually taken over as Administratorof St. Mary's Indian Student Residence at Mission. (See IndianEducation Newsletter Volume III , #1 & 2 , pp. 16 - 17). Hehas taken intensive practical and administrative trainingand was scheduled to assume administration responsibilitiesin September but because of his fine potential was allowed totake over much sooner. Congratulations to Nathan Matthewsand Joe Aleck.A riewsuMMer course will be offered at Simon Fraser Univergitycalled "IndianEducation" 441 04. Co-ordinated by Chief Donald Hoseaof the Lower Nicola Band. The four week course will deal with 'increasingknowledge of 'contemporary Indian cultures through presenting topicsrelated to history, anthropology, and sociology'. Half of the course willtake place on an Indian Village -(Lytton).-.The third summer Home-School Co-ordinator course will start atU.B.C. on July 9/73 and end July 20, 1973. Classes will last dailyfrom 1:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. Co-ordinated by Robert Sterling -- this non-credit course is basically orientation for Home-School Co-ordinators whowish to absorb intensive practical information from professional resourcespeakers, and also to exchange ideas with other Home-School Co-ordinators.For information contact the Indian Education Resources Center.RUTH COOK - Alert Bay, Louise Nisyok - Terrace, Marilyn GlascoLytton, Victor Mack - Alexis Creek, Liz Brown- Bella Bella, MalcolmCalliou - Chetwynd, Gerard Peters - Mount Currie, all became New Home-School Co-ordinators in the 1972 - 1973 schoOl year. We encourage allareas who plan to appoint Home-School Co-ordinators to contact the IndianEducation Resources Center.******************* *****^*t** *-5 -Teacher aides became much recognized and controversial figuresin the B. C. Educational scene over the course of, the last school year.For Indians, the teacher aide is rapidly assuming a very important rolein the classroom. Going beyond the stereo-typed image of glorified"baby-sitter and errand runner," the Indian teacher aide is taking theimportant role of tutor, interpreter, identification figure, guide,and friend to an Indian in a class who ordinarily does not have theseservices. Lacking professional certification, these teacher aidesare, as budding potential figures, at the mercy of many. Unrecognizedand considered a threat to the concept of professionalism, the teacheraide is viewed as a threat to the security of the professional teacher.Funding is vague and a hesitant problem complicating matters highly.The teacher-aide training program set-up so successfully in Lillooetalmost stumbled and fell because the LIP funds whon usee to pay salarieswere so small and lasted only, until May 31. One of the best programsto come to light in many a day has made a tremendous impact on theschools who have used them, the teacher aide programs must seek relevanttraining programs, recognition on a professional level, and funding.For all these stumbling blocks the program had taken a giant step ahead.Indian Studies has caught fire in several areas in the provinceof B.C. Long recognised by Indians and non-Indians alike as a greatcontributor to the negative,image of Indian people, the lack of informationpertinent to the life style past and present, motivations, languages,and social aspects of Indian life has itself presented a serious barrierto communications. It is the belief, by many, that a well organizedsystematic Indian Studies course instituted within the local schoolcurriculum would be immense benefit in breaking down walls of prejudiceand mis-understanding with informative content. Because 49,000 statusIndian people on 188 reserves speak 32 Indian dialects under .10 languagegroups, no provincial Indian Studies program could ever be relevant lothe whole pTovince. This problem logically demands local involvementon a strictly local approach. Indian Studies programs of an activenature are taking place in Masset, Lytton, Williams Lake, Terrace andPrince Rupert. We highly encourage this type of program, but we cautionlocal people in that Indian history, culture, language, legends aremerely entertaining, and educational benefit would not rise as muchas if they were compared with other cultures in such areas asphilosophy, life-styles, foods, languages, medicines, dress, etc.We realize that Indian languages are gradually being lost and thatrocal Indian people are becoming increasingly sensitive to this, but,each locality must decide for itself about Indian studies. Should itbe in the schools or out? Should non-Indians take the course? Shouldit be in Elementary or Secondary? Should non-Indians take the. course?********************************** ^***6... Will there be accreditation? These and other questions bring up thepossibility that perhaps two programs -1) one in the schools to bring about the necessaryawareness of the positive and progressive side toIndian life as compared to other cultures.2) one on the reserves where co-ordinated effortscould be made to gather and circulate existinginformation, research and compilation ofmaterials. This type of effort is needed torecord Indian life before it disappears. CulturalEducation Centers such as those being plannedin Fish Lake and at Coqualeetza in the FraserValley could accomplish these ends and be agood base of operations for a Native IndianStudies program for the schools.RICHARD BENSON - of Kincolith won an honors award for his efforts inwoodwork at Princess Margaret Secondary in Surrey.WILLIS MERCER - at the Princess Margaret won a general honors awardfor his efforts in General Shop-Work.DEBRA LEIGHTON - Metlakatla, B. C. attending New Westminster Secondaryreceived the highest standing Home Economics in Grade XIIat her school.CAMERON WALLACE - Mount Currie, graduates from Grade XII at Eric HamberSecondary with a Visual and Performing Arts Specialty andwill be enrolling in Douglas College in. September. . He wona certificate for exceptional achievement in Fine Arts.Other Grade XII Grads. - in the VancouVer-area are Cedil Barton,Kincolith, George Barton, Kincolith, Vincent Danes, Hazelton,Darlene Fowler, Kitwanga, 011ie Peters, Douglas Band,Jeff Saul, Lillooet, Donna Vickers, Bella Bella.Some Grads. from Cariboo College in Kamloops, Randy Porter of Bonaparte,Business Administration; Barbara Wilson of Hazelton, WelfareAide; Irene Alex of Osoyoos, Welfare Aide; Deborah Sam ofLytton, Secretarial Science; Isobel Holmes of Douglas Lake,Cooking; Arnold Narcisse of Fountain (Lillooet) Universitytransfer; Allan William of Bonaparte, Recreation Leadership;Gerry Deneault of Deadman's Creek, Auto Mechanics; GeraldEttienne of Bonaparte, Commercial; Tina Gomez of Kamloops,Commercial; Terry Jules of Kamloops, Commercial; RusselJumbo of Lytton, Small Engine Repair.******************** ** ****^**** * ... -7- ...GRADE XII GRADS. - from Thompson River District. Verna Charters, UpperNicola; Gerald Michel of Bridge River, David Walkem of CocksFerry, Johnny Jules of Deadman's Creek, Joe Oleman of SetonLake, Nancy Oleman of Seton Lake, Judy Terry of Seton Lake,Angeline Oleman of Seton Lake, Warren Ledoux of Seton Lake,Brenda Prince of Lecoslie, Robert Simon of Deadman's Creek,Lewis Sam of Lytton, Arnold Abbott of Lytton, Leona Georgeof Aitchelitz, Larry Munro of Sisca, Jerry Sampson of Lytton,Laura Aljam of Coldwater, Bill John of Lower Nicola, NellieAnderson of Cooks Ferry, Brian Michel of Upper Nicola, HarveyMcLeod of Upper Nicola, Robert Moody of Lytton and Vey Aijamof Coldwater.ROBERT SIMON - Deadman's Creek, Grade XII was recommended and awardedthe Savona Community Bursary for his fine effort at KamloopsSecondary.*********************************TREE OF PEACE - BOX 2667 - YELLOWKNIFE, fl,W T.TUE OF PEACE - The Tree of Peace, a Native organization serving the peopleof the Great Slave Lake area, requires a CO-ORDINATOR OF EDUCATION PROGRAMSbased in Yellowknife, N.W.T. Duties: Co-ordinate present and innovatenew programs; provide personnel management; encourage community involve-ment; budget preparation and administration. Qualifications: experienceand concern in Native Education; Native background and language preferred.Salary: $8,000 - $10,000/yr. Send resume to: MR. R. ERASMUS, TREE OFPEACE, BOX 2667, YELLOWKNIFE, N.W.T.*^*****************************ANNOUNCING: Education course for this summer: Education 486-04, AT: S.F.U.,Instructor: Sylvia-Ashton Warner.Indian people welcome:Persons' wanting to take the course feel free to write MissWarner, Dept. Education, S.F.U., Burnaby, B.C.(S.F.U. - Simon Fraser University)**^*** ** **** ** *** *1* ** * *********... -8- ...- 8 -I WOULD LIKE TO BECOME A TEACHER, ASYCI. c r.AD:I would like to "eco- e a teacher of IrZian mutation becausefor one reascn I •oule ::ike to °o back to ry horetown, a reserve alonethe :Ines "alley celled !iyensh. I -=cult' te very n-oud to ec back tcmy hometown as a teacher beccuse T. feel that I can accomelirh a lotu.ore in teachine Ire-ian children. Since I war raised on a reserve Ifeel that I would Le ale to uneerstend ane holn the Indian children.frle of the reasons why Indian children `in- it herd. to leern and ender-stared score of the thines a ''.rite teacher is tryine to teach then r's theIedian children are very shy en% oeiet in a classroom, ^P teacheryho• they wave never eeen in their livel. ?nether thin- is they don'teven know where this teacher is frae ; and they hr.ow absolutely nothileabout the teacher, the sere toes for the white teacher he also knorsnothing ebout the Tnaaa children. So•Ifiat have we eot? Lteacher •5th e cless of Indirn children -.7ho don't know anything Foeouteach other ; except the teacher's name. I also thirk it would bekind of herd for the w!_ite teacher to move away fron his home in thetie city on tc a reserve ; that protal-l7 '_sn't even half the size ofa city. So here amain is another one of many problems a teacher froma city has to nut un with. Another ore is the white teacher probeHydoesn't even Ln•e anyone freer the reserve, although he way knowone cr two, but he also has to adjust tc alrost a totally differentray olf li•ine. The Indian chilAeen •ouldn't be cf much heir to thewhite teacher, because if the teacher -ere tryine to explain tothe- screthine that thee have never heard of before, so they vovldn'tunderstand right, so -herefcee they wculd he-re to ask euestiens,but eon't for'et the 7edian children eee very shy and quiet oo theywouldn't ask rely questions so whet have the' leareeel? 7Totinp atall, lust because tbey're to shy. 'o really it isn't easy fer thewhite teacher or the In%ieue children to underetand each other, ecausethe w7.ite men's culture is ell together different frou that of theIndien's culture.I think J.!: I were to ee or. to P. reserve, that I have livedor for thirteen years I would certainly ecco-nlish r lot rore inteechine the Indian_ childreu because I have grown--up the sate wayehet they are erolyina up, so I feel that I can help and understandthe: r ore than a white teacher can.If I weee to teach Ii.,- ien children I uceld rake sure thatthey undereeood their owe culture ; and the whitean's culture. Iunuld shot: then how their area culture is siuilar to the whiteman's.In such rays as 'In what we-'s are they the same?" 'In what ways oretbey are different?'•- and ''?hat would it to like if we as Indianswere to live by the witeran's culture an% way of life?' 'Hhatwould it be like if the whiteran were to live by the Indian's cultureand way of life?' T. 'soul'7 also teach the Indian childeen about IndianArts, as well as their cern lanpuare. neve all ether things I thinkthe most ie-ortant thine as Indian child must know is the greativportance (p.7 their cultute and lanpuare.********* * ****** • •9IRIAM EDUCATION - EDUCATION L-17.KITIMAAT/TERRACE 1973/74Are you concerned with what your Indian students are gettingout of school? Do you feel you don't know enough about the backgroundof the Indian people in your area? Would you like to spend nine Saturdayswith others who have similar interests, and problems to yours? Wouldyou like to know the viewpoints of Indian people towards you as a teacherand your school? Would you like to plan new programs with help fromIndian teachers, Home-School Co-ordinators, parents and students? Wouldyou like to know more about Indian organizations and their policies to-wards education? Would you like to brush-up on teaching techniques thatwill help you give a better educational opportunity to your Indian students?COURSE DESCRIPTION: Education 479 is a relatively new course, designedto aid teachers' in developing the ability to adapt educationto the needs of Indian students. A basic assumption in thecourse is that, while there are many similarities and dif-ferences between all children, our present educational programsoften do not take into account differences, mostly culturaland economic, which many Indian children share.The content is divided into two parts. Part I deals with thehistorical and contemporary background of Indian Education. This is donethrough interaction with Indian people by means of panels, small groupdiscussions, field trips; by presentations from Indian organizations,Department of Indian Affairs personnel, teachers and administrators.Part II deals with adapting teaching to the needs of Indianchildren including curriculum development, language arts topics (Englishas a Second Language, Language Experience), resources, counselling com-munication, interpersonal relationships, and a variety of case studies.HAZELTON, PRINCE RUPERT TEACHERS, and others from outlying areas notethat meetings are concentrated in the fall and late springwhen driving conditions are better. See tentative scheduleon back.RESOURCE PEOPLE (to June 1/73)Bert McKay, Nishga, President, B.C. Native Indian Teachers' Association.George Wilson, Kwakiutl, Director for Indian Education, B. C. Depart-ment of Education.Alvin McKay, Nishga, Director, Indian Education Resources Center.Indian leaders, parents, and students from the Kitimaat, Tsimishian,Nishga, and Giteksan areas.* ****************************************k* * *-10 -... RESOURCE PEOPLE (to June 1/73) ....(cont.)....Teachers, and other educational specialists from provincial andfederal schools in the area.'Professor Mary Ashworth, Faculty of Education, U.B.C. (TeachingEnglish As..A. Second Language).Dr. Buff Oldridge, Factilty of Education,,U..B.C.INSTRUCTOR: Dr. Art More, Faculty of Education .U,B.C.TENATIVE SCHEDULESEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. JAN. FEB. MARCH APRIL15*2229*613*2027*31017*241*815-222951219262916*2329.16*23306*13* DENOTES SATURDAY SESSION 9:00 A.M. TO 5:00 P.M.- Dates will be finalized at September 15 Meeting which willbe held at Caledonia Senior High. in Terrace,- Locations ofmeetings,in Kitimaat, Terrace, and surrounding areas willalso^finalized at this .meeting- One session in,the-fall- igill7 ba Friday afternoon andSaturday (Billei8 will be arranged):FOR FURTHER INFORMATION COVTACT DR. ART MORE, FACULTY OF EDUCATION, ORCENTER FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION, U.B.C.** * **** * *** * ** * *********** ***** ******** ********** *****^*****^*********** ic*****^* * * * * * ***********************************^**********^* * * * * * * * * * * ** * * * * * * * *^*************^**************************** **************** ** ** ** ** *^* ** ** ** ** ******************* *****************S2''' AVAILABLE FUNDING SOURCESA'. 'DEPARTMENT OF INDIAN AFFAIRS': 1. Cultural Grants Committee -Mr. Jim McCallum, Chairman,. Superintendent ofAdult Education Indian Affairs and NorthernDevelopment, P. 0. Box 10061, Pacific CenterLtd., 700 WeSt'Georgia Street, Vancouver 1, B. C.Application forms are available in the Districtoffices.2. Economic DevelOpment for Arts & Crafts -Mr. Wayne Ready - Arts & Crafts offices, Regionaloffice - D.I.A., P. O. Box 10061, Pacific CenterLtd., Vancouver 1, B. C.This fund. is subdivided into two ateas:a) Production and Wholesale DiStribution.b) Indian Economic Development Fund.3. Adult Education -Mr. Jim McCallum, D.I.A.These last two funds are not specifically. forCultural Projects, but might be adapted to somesituations like the selling of handicrafts orperhaps evening language classes, for example.Grants:to Fairs --- y'This is a small fund in Ottawa, designed forfairs and exhibitions which may or may not stillbe in operation.- Cultural Division, D.I.A. - Ottawa.B.^FIRST CITIZEN'S FUND: Mr. Rod McInnis, , Indian Advisory ActProvincial SeCretary's Department, Victoria, B. C.********************************^**** ... -12- ...- 12 -C..^SPECIAL ARDA PnOORAM: Mr. Torn Turner, Department of Regional EconomicExpansion, Room 516, Bank of Commerce 31dgs.1175 Douglas Street, Victoria, B. C.This program is designed for such things as CommunityCenters, which night be of cultural significance.D. MUNGO MARTIN MEMORIAL AWARD:B. C. Indian Arts & Welfare Society, 4rs. H. Esselmont,Chairman, 3190 Rutledge Street, Victoria, B. C.This is a very small fund for bursaries and awards.E. SECRETARY OF STATE: - OTTAWA- Primarily for non-status Indian organizations.*******************BRITISH COLMBIANATIVE IIDIP TEACHERS' ASSOCIATIONSCHOLARSHIPS Ain BURSAPIESBILL & ELSIE MORE BURSARY: -ONE bursary of approximately $350.00 will be awarded annuallyto an Indian student (status or non-status) continuing beyond high schoolon an academic or vocational course. The award is made , possible by afund established by the family and friends of Reverend Bill More and hiswife Elsie, as a tribute to their memory. Preference will be given tothose intending to use their training to serve the Indian people ofB. C. Financial administration is handled by the Vancouver Foundation.Selection will be made by the B. C. Native Indian Teachers' Association.The Award will be made on the basis of educational potential,active involvement in promoting the cause of Indian people,. leadershippotential, and financial need.Applications in writing must be mailed to the Indian EducationResources Center, Room 106 - Brock Hall, University of British Columbiaby September 30.****************** *************** ** ****^**** *... -13- ...- 13 -BRITISH COLUMBIA NATIVE INDIAN TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION - FIRST CITIZEN'SAWARD - INCENTIVE BURSARY: -An incentive bursary program arranged by B.C.N.I.T.A. - inconjunction with the First Citizen's Fund, this fund is available toIndian students of. B. C. -- (status or non-status) who are continuingbeyond secondary school on :,cademic or vocational programs. The awardwill be made on the basis of educational potential, community involve-ment, leadership and academic potential and financial need. Screeningand selection is made by the B. C. Native Indian Teachers' Association.Applications will be accepted at any time at the Indian Education ResourcesCenter, Room 106 - Brock Hall, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.It is not the purpose of this bursary to duplicate the effortsof other funding agencies such as Indian Affairs, Canada Manpower, etc.,and the fund is awarded strictly on the basis that the money is to beused directly for education (such as tuition, books, etc.). In accordwith the policies of the First Citizens' Fund no money is allowed for: -- living expenses- educational costs outside of B. C.Only fully completed bursary applications will be considered.Please note that no application will be considered unless it is accompaniedby a statement from the post-secondary school of your choice stating: -a) official notification of your acceptance into the schoolb) enrollment datec) courses to be takend) costs of coursesOther information is also needed but is clearly stated in theapplication form. Sums of up to $500.00 can be awarded to status Indians,and up to $700.00 for non-status Indians.Individual students may re-apply for additional funds in thefollowing semesters pending a review of his achievements during priorschool semester or period.Application forms are available at the above address.*^****RETURN ADDRESS: ** ***************^****Indian Education Re6outce4 Centet * * *Rm.^106 - Mock Hatt, U.B.C.Vancouvet 8, B.C.

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