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Indian Education Newsletter (Vol. 4, No. 2/3) 2011

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Indian Education Newsletter Volume 4 #2 & 3 OCT, - 1973 NOV, -	 1973 IUndian Education Resources CentreRoom 706 - Brock HaU, U .B .C. Vano.oave4 8, E . C . BRITISH COLUMBIA NATIVE INDIAN TEACHERS' ASSOCIATION FALL CONFERENCE 1973 ALERT BAY "I represent my Band here, and I know we'd like to get Education going on the Reserve, but I'm confused . Who should I turn to? So many people are taking a part in Indian Education, one does not know who handles the programs . Should we turn to Indian Affairs, and their staff? Should we turn to the Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs ' ? Should we turn to the British Columbia Native Indian Teachers' Association, and their Indian Education Resources Center? Should we go to the Provincial Depart- ment of Education? If I am to be a British Columbia Native Indian Teacher Association Member I want to know what were supposed to be doing?" "How can I be a contributing member of B .C .N .I .T .A. If I don't know what they're doing? They do not circulate enough information . " "Why should I sit here listening to Department of Indian Affairs read off a list of suggestions when those very suggestions are supposed to come from me . Local Control of Education by Indians will never take place if Indian Affairs insists on opening up a great opportunity for Indians only to take those opportunities, restrict them by bureaucratic red-tape, and turn them into token gestures. "I was very impressed with the speaking ability of Indians". "I learn as much at these conferences from other B . C. Native Indian Teachers' Association Members as I would learn in a university course . " We live today in a technological society whose school system has been institutionalized, and programed to perpetuate this technological society, and anyone who does not conform to this attitude is labelled "failure" . Intelligence has nothing to do with it . Indians are making certain demands upon the teacher, that, if the teacher meets, he will surely be sanctioned by his own peers. " Indian people seem to want to know what it takes to fit into society . Some of us who are part of this society don ' t like what we see, and we envy the Indian who still values people. However, if we try to tell Indians that our society is not that good, they seem to get more stirred up to find out for themselves . " What does a teacher do when the Indian student will not speak up? These, and other comments represented a random sampling of the thinking that generated when some 75 people came together to talk, listen, and ponder over todays picture in Indian Education. Alert Bay bustled with activity, and local ladies groups went all out to ensure the comfort, and atmosphere of exchange for the'British Columbia Native Indian Teachers ' Association Members ' , and guests . October 24, 25, & 26th marked the days of the Annual Fall Conference for the British Columbia Native Indian Teachers' Associa - tion where the theme "Local Control of Schools" provided the basis for the thought provoking, and informative exchange. The concept of "Local Control " generated from a booklet produced by the National Indian Brotherhood in Ottawa called "Indian Control of Indian Education " , which later was accepted by the Department of Indian Affairs as policy . Two of the major recommendations in the policy emphasized : - a) that Education in schools be made more relevant for Indians by placing within various curriculae programs in Indian Studies. b) direct Indian involvement in Education by the actual administration of any or all phases of Education for Indians . (copies of the booklet are available from the Indian Education Resources Center, and Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs ' ) The Finance Department of the Federal Government accepted the concept of Indian Control with Treasury Board minutes numbered TB715958 and TB710314 which gave Indian Bands the opportunity to assume administrative control over all or part of what is called by the Department of Indian Affairs, the in-school program, and post-school program. Many Indian Bands are today seriously considering the possible take-over of these programs . Other Bands have already taken over various aspects of these programs . However, it was was felt that since little is known at present of the implications and particulars of such a move, and that the British Columbia Native Indian Teachers ' Association has been asked by many Bands to give advice or aid in these matters, that a workshop be devoted to gathering information, and opinions on "Take-Over " . - 3- Included in the various programs of "take-over" are such important areas student tuition, transportation, books, and supplies, counselling, pre-school education, teacher-aides etc. Main speakers at the conference were George Clutesi, and Mr . Don Simpson of the Department of Indian Affairs in Ottawa. Dr . Clutesi who received his honorary doctorate from U .B .C . in 1971 gave an inspirational presentation which reflected the in- credible perseverenceof Indians in their struggle for relevant education, and the great achievements which a united body of Indian Educators is capable of . George Clutesi is a well renowned, well respected author, artist, teacher, philosopher and Indian who has played a major part in establishing Indians as potential leaders in society, and his speeches are received with thunderous applause everywhere . Mr . Don Simpson, Associate Director of the Education Branch of the Department of Indian Affairs in Ottawa provided a reflection of the aims of Indian Affairs to provide opportunities for Indians to become more involved in Education . His outline of the policies, and working mechanism of Indian Affairs provided the food for thought, and the foo D for controversy which served to emphasize many of the potential advantages, and disadvantages of " Indian Control of Indian Education " . The very tone of the conference itself evolved from the outcome of the presentations made by these speeches. Other speakers included Mr . Dixon Taylor, Ms . Marjorie Mitchell, and Mr . Ray Hall . These speakers dealt with topics not related directly to "Local Control of Schools " but with areas of practical, and philosophical importance as to provide food for thought, and background material for many individuals who are already indirectly involved with "Local Control " . Dixon Taylor, Chairman of the Native Indian Program at Camosun College outlined the program of Indian Studies at Camosun, and specified the details of handling the program . His outline of the administrative complication gave good information on the working details of such a program, and also a picture to the audience of the amount of detail, and effort that goes into such work . Dixon is an Indian from Alert Bay. Marjorie Mitchell, a non-Indian, who was hired by the Union of British Columbia Indian Chiefs . to evaluate the Native Indian Program, and was later hired to work with the program at Camosun aimed her talk at the subtle consequences of the teacher attitude where many cultural traits of Indians are labelled as problems in the classroom . Her inspiring talk opened the eyes, and hearts of the whole conference by saying what Indians have felt for some time, and what non-Indians are afraid to say . Many members of the audience requested copies of her speech, and she graciously consented to make them available . 4Mr. Ray Hall of the Vancouver office of Indian Affairs has spent much of the past year making a survey of the Home-School Co-ordinator Program in British Columbia . This survey, and the recommendations that came from it were judged to have a tremendous possible effect on the future of Home-School Co-ordinators. The working draft he presented opened-up a response of mixed feelings ranging from agreeable acceptance on some recommendations to highly charged and controversial disagreement on others . The draft sparked some instant response and many individuals in the group are planning to prepare a set of counter-proposals to it . However the tone of Mr. Halls presentation assured all concerned that the life of the Home-School Co-ordinator program was not in jeopardy but that many of the terms of reference, and implications of the program need change . The Home-School Co-ordinators' feel that many of the proposed changes would restrict the Home-School Co-ordinators activites, and thereby limit his/her effectiveness in the field. Mr. Hall ended his talk by reminding everyone that his draft was open to changes, and that the changes must be made in the form of counter-recommendations from Home-School Co-ordinators ' and others. Part of the conference was devoted to evening activities, which included a lively, and philosophical exchange of information with Alert Bay teachers, a treat in the form of traditional cdtiut1 Indian dances perforted by James Serid, and his group in the beautiful longhouse at Alert Bay overlooked by what the Indian people there proudly describe as "The World's Tallest Totem Pole" . The final evening of the conference was commemorated by a banquet followed by speeches from some of the famous Indian speakers of British Columbia . A dance followed which impressed upon us all the wonderful hospitality of the Alert Bay People. Much thanks must qo to Flora Baker, and the ladies groups at Alert Bay for their efforts in making the conference there a well-run, and successful operation . The sharp criticism, the articulation of the speakers, and the positive transfer of relevant, and useful information made this conference a success. Proceedings of the conference are being transcribed and will be sent out to the B .C .N .I .T .A. Membership upon completion. Various displays, and charts which also appeared at Alert Bay will be sent . ****** ****n**** ****** * HOC **  *** . .  .. * By their generous consent the speeches by George Clutesi and Marjorie Mitchell are available for listeners . If you wish a copy, simply forward us a blank tape, and we will forward you a copy . INDIAN EDUCATION-_._RESOURcE.S--,ENTER  UNIVERSITY OF VICTORIA RESOURCES CO-ORDINATOR JANET POTH BOSTON The British Columbia Native Indian Teachers ' Association has recently appointed me to the position of Resources Co-ordinator for the Indian Education Resources Center at UVIC . This branch Center . intends to serve primarily the needs, and interests of Vancouver Island people. A major part of my responsibilities include looking into, and helping out with, the personal and academic needs of Native students at the university. I shall also be establishing liaison with Home-School Co-ordinators in the Vancouver Island district in order to work with them in whatever capacity they require. I hope that, the I .E .R .C . -UVIC will soon be able to provide direct assistance to requests received . At the moment, resources are being collected and contacts are being established. Meanwhile, I would appreciate hearing requests, and ideas you may have. Write, phone, or visit : 554 MacLauren Building University of Victoria 477-6911 extension 864 ** **  ** ** ************* ** ** *** * ** * *** ********************* NATALIE BROWN -age 10 : - Naatie won a zLevet medal in the Tyke G,ita Shot put at the B ti/sh Cotumb .La F1emen j Tn.a.eh 8 F.Letd ChaMption6h-ips herd at Richmond in June o .6 th.io yea . This rnanfz the i4-i.'i t medaY won by an Indian 4-tudent in 'th .i. 4chaa.e at the Bnc. sh Ca.2wnb.ia Meet z ince Mickey Tweedie (2 goad meda)s) and VeM. Schooners (1 bnanze medal.) eompteted in the 6it)s,t Champ.ioi4lup in 1968 . *** ** * ** *************** *  * *****  ***** ***  *** *  * -6- INDIAN EDUCATION : A -COMMUNITY - CENTERED APPROACH CHIEF DON . MOSES .& PROFESSOR JOHN .i ..::. During the month of July, Simon Fraser University and the Lytton Indian Community offered an innovative course on Indian Edunation . This four-week. course was specifically designed to help teachers, teacher aides, adult educators, and other interested persons . A unique feature of ;this course was they Lytton Indian Community served as a resource for content dealing with topics related to Indian culture ; nd = problemsaffecting' teachers, parents, and others: involved in:Indian Education ) The course was divided into two segments - two weeks at Simon Fraser University, and two weeks-it the Lytton Indian Community . A'final-i`o days of classes, back at'S .FU.,'focused onevaluation.of this experience. In addition to students enrolled in the course, all members of the Lytton Community mere-i0vited-to attend it during the latter phase . A large number of people accepted this invitation. Guest lecturers included Dr . George Clutesi, who spent two days in Lytton sharing his vast knowledge with the class, and presenting a formal paper to the community at an evening meeting. Walter Williams made a presentation on RAVEN during the Lytton segment of the course . Other resource persons at Lytton included Chief Forrest Walkem, who spoke on the role of the school trustee, and Dr. David and Dr . June Wyatt, who showed slides in an evening meeting to the community on early life among the Thompson Indians. Back at Simon Fraser University, the following guest lecturers shared their views with class : Chief William Scow, Mr. Alvin Mcrtay, Mr . George Wilson, Professor Mary Ashwdrth, and Dr. Sheila O'Connell. A report on this course including the principles govern- ing the organization, evaluation of its effectiveness and certain follow-up developments in the Lytton Community is being prepared by the instructors, Dr . John Niemi and Chief Don Moses. *** ********** * **** ****** *** ****** *************** ***** *  *  ******-  ******  ******  ****** . . . "ARCTURUS "	IS . NEWSLETTER PUBLISHED BY THE PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT DIVISION OF'THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, GOVERNMENT OF THE NORTH WEST TERRITORIES' ." "THE NWT ' HAS APPROACHED—THEIR EDUCATION PROGRAM WITH A . VIEW OF OFFERING RELEVANT EDUCATION'FOR ALL INHABITANTS OF THE NWT INCLUDI[G THE NATIVE POPULATION MANY 'MATERIALS HAVE BEEN PRODUCED BY 'THEM AND THEIR NEWSLETTER-WA FINE SOURCE .OF INFORMATION ADDRESS ALL CORRESPONDENCE TO, EDITOR .OF PUBLICATIONS, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION .` GOVERNMENT' OF THE NWT .. YELLOWKNIFE, NWT. ********#*******#***#****#*****  #******##*4******#****####******#********* CAMOSUN COLLEGE - NATIVE INDIAN , PROGRAM JANET POTN BOSTON The Native Indian Program offers a unique educational experience to native Indian people. Dixon Taylor, who is Kwakiutl from the Nimpkish Band at Alert Bay, has been Chairman of the Native Indian Program at Camosun College since June 1972 . He spent the first three months preparing for the Fall Semester which is now in full swing! Currently, he and his staff are formulating a five year projection of the Native Indian Program, and Dixon is already preparing for the Spring Semester . He also carries a full-load of counselling responsibilities. Plans for the Program include first a re-evaluation, and secondly, exploring the possibility of having more cultural electives in the Program at the College Preparatory and College levels . The Native Studies Program offere a variety of courses designed to help native people meet the needs, and demands of their own society, and of non-Indian society . They offer a - 8- Basic Education program which takes its students to the level where they can enter Vocational courses_ om continue Preparatory . This year, at last count, 46 native Indian people were enrolled in Basic Education, 15 in Vocational courses, and 60 in College Preparatory (High School Completion). Another course offered at Camosun under the Native Studies Program is Small Business Management . Its objective is to help Native Indian people develop those skills necessary to operate their own business, or to assume management positions in businesses owned by Bands, co-operatives, or others . The course has also proven of definite value to persons who are currently employed in or plan to+seek administrative positions at the local, provincial, or federal government levels . Doug Murrary teaches this course which has an enrollment of 12 native ` Indian students. There are presently 9 native students enrolled in the; College - University Transfer level . The Native Indian Programs also offers "cultural elective" . The native studentaln,the program may take any of these electives. A very popular and unique elective is the Life-Skills course given by Donna Miller . The 'Life Skills courses takes the "dynamic approach" toward "developing problem solving technique related to self, family, community, job and leisure time". Native Indian Studies is another of the cultural electives . It is divided into three sections and one of these sections (NIX100) is open to non-Indians . The course is designed to acquaint the students with major social, legal, and political issues facingIndian and non-Indian Canadians. The instructors, Marjorie Mitchell and Allan Clarke lead the students toward a critical evaluation of policies as they relate to Indian people . They deal with many of the major issues involving native people - land questions in Treaty Areas like James Bay and non-treaty areas in the Yukon and British Columbia; Indian Education ; Indian Health ; Economic Development ; media image of Indians. Tony Hunt, awell-known Kwakiutl artist, whose designing medium include wood carving, silk-screening, engraving silver, gold and ivory, teaches Native Indian Art . Tony learned to carve from his maternal grandfather, Chief Mungo Martin, and now teachers the basic elements of Northwest Coast Indian Art to Native Indian Students taking this elective at Camosun . The aim of the course is the retention of the cultural heritage of Northwest Coast Indian Art and the development of this cultural skill . 9A very important part of the Native Indian Program at Camosun is the personal counselling given by Native Indian Counsellors who are best in touch with the particular problems of native Indian students. The counsellors do much of the paperwork of getting students enrolled, and attaining financial assistance . They give guidance in course selection counselling for personal, and social problems in adjusting and adapting to city life. Margaret Vickers is in. her secondyear as a counsellor with the Native Indian Program . . She .. comes from Kitkatla where she was Band Managerbefore taking upher duties at Camosun. Presently, she is'also working .on---her Bachelor_ot 1ducation majoring'in°Anthropoiogy and Social Studies . Her . , long . range plans are directed towsrd teaching at the college level . Marg sees the cultural electives portion of the program asthost important to the development of an Indian-self and cultural awareness : Harry "Skip " Dick from the Songhees Reserve is into his fifth year as a counsellor at Camosun . He is also working forward for his Master's degree in Education . Skip views the Native Indian Program as "well worthwhile in that it gives students the opportunity to realize their own potential . . ., and to gain from their own experiences, the strength to see them- selves as an individual, and re-organize themselves in order to help someone else". Any inquires 'can be directed to: NATIVE INDIAN PROGRAM 1950 LANSDOWNE .ROAD VICTORIA, B, C. PHONE : 592-1281  *****  * ****** **  t** **** **  *X ***** ***** ******** ** ****** *** ***** ******************  **  **  **  **  *****  *****  *** .  *** SOLIyA MACK - age 10 Sonya has won the "Award oi .Excellence" each yeah since the Canada Fi-trte award pkan began . She, now has 4 awaads o . exce-Uence. She is a good ait iwwid student . - 10 - ROBERT TALLTO - age 12 : - Robe teptesented the school, competing well. in the pate mat and the 3,000 meteAz. ***************************************************************** A PARTIAL LIST OF RESOURCES RECENTLY ACQUIRED BY - INDIAN EDUCATION RESOURCES CENTER Tltiis tilt contains some oti the books acquired by the Reis ounces Cent et since the at tes ounces ti)st was made-up . Not tusted here ate ccvvu.cutum un.ctz, audio- v Aunt mateA iat6 , and tepn int6 o~ aAt,icLe s . A complete tea a unce tvs t ,vs being ptepated. - D . W . - Res ounce2s Libncv ian ********** ** ****** **** * CANADIAN INDIANS AND ESKIMOS Indian Days On The Western Prairies. The Netsilik Eskimo. This Land Is Our Land. Who Am I ; What Am I? The Government In Our Lives. Without Reserve. Halfbreed. Conflict in Culture : Problems of Develop- mental Change Among The Cree. Indian and Eskimo Art of Canada. Crowfoot. What They Used to Tell About. Indian Arts in Canada. Indians : The Urban Dilemma. Nanook of The North. Changing Configurations in the Social Organizations of a Blackfoot Tribe During the Reserve Period. Come A Long Journey. Notice : This Is An Indian Reserve. Forbidden Voice. Pilgrims Of The Wild. The Men of The Last Frontier . . . - 11 - . .. Barbeau, Marius Balikci, Asen Bigsby, James It  rt Burnford, Sheila Campbell, Maria Chance, Norman Clark, Ian Dempsey, Hugh Desbarats, Peter Dickason, Olive Dosman, Edgar Flaherty, Robert Goldfrank, Ester Fry, Alan Gooderham, Kent Green Alma Grey Owl rr  n - 11 - Hendry, Charles Houston, James Howard, Joseph Kinsey Indian - Eskimo Association of Canada Native Rights In Canada. Jenness, Ellen  The Indian Tribes of Canada. Johnson, Pauline  Flint and Feather. Josie, Edith  Here re The News. Kerr, D .G .G . & R . Davidson Kleinfeld, Judith Larmour, W .T. Lantis,Margaret MacEwan, J .W. McDonald, Ven. Archdeacon Melling, John Metayer, Maurice Metis Association Of Alberta Morris, The Honorable Alexander Patterson, Palmer & Nancy-Lou Pelletier, Wilfred tl  t1 Pitseolak Robertson, Heather Rousseliere, Guy Mary Schwartz, Herbert Sheffe, Norman Shuimatcher, Morris Walsh, Gerald Wuttunee, William Beyond Traplines. Ojibwa Summer. The Strange Empire of Louis Riel. Canada : A Visual History. Effective Teachers of Indian and__Eskimo High School Students. Alaska ' s Urban Boarding Home Program. Innuit : The Art of The Canadian Eskimo. Alaskan Eskimo Cerimonialism. Portraits From The Plains. A Grammar of The Tukudh Language. Right To a Future. I, Nuligak. Many Laws The Treaties of Canada With The Indians. Changing People. Two Articles. (et al) For Every North American Indian Who Disappears, I Also Begin To Disappear. Pitscolak : Pictures Out of My Life. Reservations Are For Indians. Beyond The High Hills Windigo and Other Tales of The 0jibways. Canada ' s Indians. Welfare : Hidden Backlash. Indians in Transition. Ruffled Feathers. AMERiCANINDIANS Armstrong, Virginia American Friends Service Committee Curtis, Natalie I Have Spoken. Uncommon Controversy. The Indians Book . . . . - 12 - . . . Clark, Ella Collier, John n  n Council on Inter- racial _Books For Children Curtis, Edward David, Jay De Angulo, Jaime De . Loria, Vine t)e Loria, Vine DeVoto, Bernard Edmonson, Munro Erdoes, Richard Farb, Peter Feder, Norman Forbes, Jack Gearing, Frederick Gridley, Marion Hoebel, E . Adamson Indian Historian Press Publishers Jackson, Helen Hunt James, George Wharton Korchinski, Emil Kroeber, Theodora Levine, Stuart Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth Murdock, George Peter MacFarlan, Allan MacLean, ' Hope McLuhan, T.C. Miles, Charles Mishkin, Bernard Neihardt, John Owen, Roger. Pages of History Publishers Richardson, Jane Schmitt, Martin F. & Dee Brown - 12 - Indian Legends of the Pacific Northwest. Indians of the Americas. On the Gleaming Way. Chronicles of American Indian Protest. Portraits From North American Indian Life. The American Indian : The First Victim. Indian Tales. Of Utmost Good Faith. We Talk, You Listen. The Journals of Lewis and,Clark. Status Terminology and the Social Structure Of North American Indians. The Sun Dance People. Man ' s Rise to Civilization. Two Hundred Years of North American Indian Art. The Indian In America's Past. The Face of The Fox. The Indians of Today. The Cheyennes. Index to Literature on the American Indian 1320. A Century of Dishonor. Indian Basketry. Social Determinants of Rural to Urban Mobility Among Indian People As Compared to Non-Indians. The Inland Whale. The American Indian Today. The Song of Hiawatha. Ethnographic Bibliography of North America. Living Like Indians. A Review of Indian Education in North America. Touch The Earth. Indian and Eskimo Artifacts of North America. Rank and Warfare Among the Plains Indians. Black Elk Speaks. (et al) The North American Indians : A Source book. The Mojave of the Colorado. Law and Status Among the Kiowa Indians. Fighting Indians of the West. . . . - 13 - . . . - 13- Shorris, Earl Silverberg, Robert Simmons, Leo Spencer, Katherine Terrell, John Upton . Tomkins, William Underhill, Ruth M. Walker Art Center Washburn, Wilcomb Waters, Frank Wherry, Joseph Wissler, Clark Whiteford, Andrew The Death of The Great Spirit. Home of The Red Man. Sun Chief. Mythology and Values . An Analysis of The Navajo Chantway Myths. American Indian Chronicle. Indian Sign Language. Universal American Indian Sign Language. Red Man ' s America. American Indian Art : Form and Tradition. Red Man's Land - White Man ' s Law. The Indian and the Whiteman. Masked Gods, Indian Masks and Myths of the West. Red Man Reservations. North American Indian Arts. BRITISH COLUMBIA INDIANS B .C . Association of Non-Status Indians Barbeau, Marius Canada : National Museum Codere, Helen Coon, Danny De Menil, Adelaide & William Reid Hibben & Company Publishers Gunn, S .W .A. u  n Hawthorn, Audrey A Submission to The Government, Sept. 20, 1973. Medicine Men on The North Pacific Coast. Haida and Tsimshian : A Photographic History. Bella Coola, Kwakiutl, Nootka A Photographic History. Ksan . Breath of Our Grandfathers. Fighting With Property. A Collection and Description of Paintings By A Young Indian Artist, Danny Coon. Out Of Silence. Dictionary of The Chinook Jargon Or Indian Trade Language of The North Pacific Coast. Haida Totem Poles In Wood & Argillite. The Totem Poles In Stanley Park. Art of The Kwakiutl Indians . . - 14 - . . . -' 14- Indian Children of B . -'- Hi 1 Len William Holm, Bill Inverarity, Robert Johnson, E . Pauline Keithahn, Edward L. Matthews, James Kopas, Cliff McKerville, Hugh Mahood, Ian Meade, Edward Rothenberger, Mel Shaw, George C. B .C . Indian Language Project St . Pierre, Paul Street, Eloise Tales From the Longhouse. Blackwater River (Toat-Thal-Kas). Crooked Beak of Heaven. Art Of The Northwest Coast Indians. Legends of Vancouver. Monuments in Cedar. Convetsations With Khahtsahlano. Bella + ooia. The Salmon People. Land of Maquinna. Indian Rock Carvings of The Pacific Northwest. We've Killed Johnny Ussher. The Chinook Jargon and How to Use It. Lillooet Stories. Breaking Smith's Quarter Horse. Sepass Poems. ************ ************ *** EDUCATION . SOCIOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY Teaching English As A Second Language. The Role of Tlie Teacher In the Classroom. (et al) Instructional Resources For Teachers Of The Culturally Disadvantaged And Exceptional. (et al) Readings In The Language Arts. Education For Child Rearing. Test Item Construction. Aids to Psycholinguistic Teaching. The Education of Indian Children in Canada. Questions Teenagers Ask. Reading In English. The Art of Teaching Reading. Teaching Them To Read. Applying Linguistics In The Teaching of Reading and the Language Arts. Between Parent and Teenager. Imperial Intermediate Reading Program. How to Increase Reading Ability. Comparative Perspectives on Education. Adolescent Character and Personality. . . . - 15 - . Allen, Harold Amidon, Edmund & Ned Flanders Anderson, Robert Anderson, Verna Brim, Orville Ayers, J .D. Bush, Wilma Jo & Marian Giles The Canadian Supt. Daly, Sheila John Danielson, Dorothy & Rebecca Hayden Dunne, Hope Durkin, Dolores Eisenhardt, Catheryn Ginnott, Haim Gould, Annabelle Harris, Albert J. Havighurst, Robert er  to  & Hilda Taba - 15- Hawkins, Thom Hurlock, Elizabeth Hyden, Holger Johnson, F . Henry Jessor, Richard Johnson, Wendell Karlin, Robert Lewis, M .M. MacDonald, John Milburn, Geoffrey Nikelly, Arthur Pepe, Thomas J. Quick, John Rubin, Louis J. Rudolph, Marguerita & Dorothy Cohen Smith, Henry Clay Smith, Othanel & Robert Ennis Stauffer, Russell, G. Taba, Hilda Benjamin : Reading and Beyond. Child-Development. (et al) On The -Biology of Learning. A History of Public Education in B . C. (et al) Society, Personality, and Deviant Behaviour. (et al) Speech Handicapped School Children. Teaching Reading in High School. Language, Thought, and Personality. The Discernible Teacher. Teaching History in Canada. Techniques for Behaviour Change. Free and Inexpensive Educational Aids. I Hate To Make Speeches. Improving In-Service Education. Kindergarten : A Year of Learning. Sensitivity to People. Language & Concepts in Education. The Language-Experience Approach to The Teaching of Reading. Curriculum Development : Theory, and Practice. EDUCATION; SOCIOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOCY,(CONTINUED) Analytical Bibliography of Navajo Reading Materials. Memo to Indian Students : You Can Go To College. Teaching Reading in Secondary Schools. The Sociology of Teaching. The Flexibly Scheduled High School. Readings for Diagnostic and Remedial Reading. Language Learning and Communication Disorders in Children. The Poverty Wall. Toward A theory of Minority Group Relations. Modern Cultural Anthropology. The Aliens. Red, Brown and Black Demands for Better Education. U.S . Bureau of Indian Affairs U.S . Bureau of Indian Affairs Vine, Harold Waller, Willard Wiley, W . Deane & Lloyd Bishop Wilson, Robert M . & James Geyer Wyatt, Gertrud Adams, Ian Blalock, H .M. Bock, Philip Dinnerstiein, Leonard & Frederic Jaher Heath, G . Louis •D  TAKE1 1oM TExf $aak ._ j~syckoeoay 7otw( 2 *cot ice( p .5~ o. RACISM Ltj PREJUDICE 4 P15C lMuI4TloN GET Oi #HEREYou DIRry OokT WANT ANyTNtMG To GET Data HERE You Dun /n ►orAn! C I ooNr WANT ANytit~1GT0 Do WttHYo~t . . Do WtTH  of It AKa Tg4r's NI row. If % ( 1 I'D REq«y Lt KE To fie 1RtENlDt Walt you } 9vr My r flttenlas WouaO ago, ma Fq ~tl= 1 'moo. You IN „,  i o ♦ `j ,. M16pq . ., G'e34N~  1 _0 / O PREJUDtce Not4- Pftcjui tcED DtscrttnntNRro' D{S c.RtntttAToR lit YA &pay! flows my ! ~(t YA BvDay , gods MI  iE~ ► P . '40 You PRteNa Tooth/ ? I f(RVEN*' ReN foot A Lo ►J4 Time .. 1 GET Our+, NE ge  ov DcRr? `t tnlotAN? 1 DaNr WANT-	t a,av,nt .~, li To Do w~Tt you • . 'joDAi 7  I t(Aue,fr Se'EM }too AR 4 t.044 lime% ~( NOPC (=VfR~7ki~•74  F(AS BEAN 1 ,coeNG we Lt-  Yov .  R6"°/ t Like VooANDlthPr~/" 'LIKe, ` HE . .  r ~r \ O i PREJUDtCED  A NPN- PRC.rtIDrcco NObJ - DtSGRtMtNRTo/ZNoN - DlscQSMt~/ArOR . - 16- Henry, Jules Hodgetts, A .B. Irelan, Lola Kroeber, A.L. McDiarmid, Garnet & David Pratt Mead, Margaret Bierstedt, Robert Phillips, Derek L. Wallace, Anthony F .C . Culture Against Man. What Culture What Heritage Low Income Lifestyles. Anthropology : Culture Patterns and Processes. Teaching Prejudice. People and Places. (et al) Sociology and Contemporary Education. Studies in American Society. Culture and Personality. NEW BOOKS IN THE RESOURCES CENTER RATING SCALE: ***** EXCELLENT . WOULD BE A GOOD ADDITION TO A SCHOOL OR BAND LIBRARY. VERY GOOD. OKAY. SO - SO. POOR . ************* ***** THE FOXFIRE BOOK . Edited by Eliot Wigginton, 384 pages Doubleday, Inc . $4 .35. In 1966, after graduating from College, Eliot Wigginton went to teach grades 9 & 10 in an Appalachian Mountain School in Georgia . He says: "About 6 weeks later I surveyed the wreckage. My lecturn (that's a proctive device a teacher cowers behind while giving a lecture nobody ' s listening to) was scorched from the time Tommy Green tried to set it on fire -- during class . . .. Every desk was covered with graffitti . My box of yellow chalk was gone and so were the thumbtacks . . . " Fortunately, instead of dealing with the situation by stepping up disciplinary measures, Wigginton (and his class) started a magazine, "Foxfire " . Articles in it were researched at home, and among the oldtimers . Some of the articles from the magazine included in THEFOXFIRE BOOK are "Soapmaking" , "Moonshining As A Fine Art " , . . . - 17 - . . . - 17- "Mountain Recipes, " and "This is the way I was raised up ." Indian old people know just as much and more about techniques for living, and being "raised up" as oldtimers in the Appalachians . As a record of "How To Do It" and evidence that it can be done THE FOXFIRE BOOK can be a starter for someone ' s Indian student magazine. PEOPLE OF THE POTLATCH : Native Arts and culture of the Pacific Northwest Coast . Vancouver Art Gallery with U .B .C . $2 .00. When first published about 1957 this book was designed to be "A handbook of a very important exhibition of Pacific Northwest Indian Art and . . .as an addition to the somewhat sparse publishing in this field" . The book remains a record of the exhibition but publishing on North- west Coast Art is no longer "sparse " and the 115 black - and - white photographs in this little book, while good, pale beside some of those in the never and larger books of colour photographs . A general 45 page introduction to Northwest Coast Art and Life in the book was written by Audrey Hawthorn of the U .B .C . Museum of Anthropology. (Pictures suitable for everyone, text for junior secondary - secondary and up .) B .C . STUDIES, #19, AUTUMN 1973 . Special issue . Indians in British Columbia . U .B .C . Press - $4 .00. The major part (49 pages) of this special issue is a bibliography of the anthropology of British Columbia. Sources describing each Indian group are listed (e .g. Northern Kwakiutl, Nootka) as well as sources on selected topics (e .g . economic life, art, social change and current Indian Affairs) . While the coverage is in general, good, the bibliography is generally Coast-Oriented, with less than adequate listing of sources on Interior Groups. This is especially true where Interior Archaeology is concerned . Also in the issue are a review of the Nishga Land Case, and of a Sociological Survey of the education of Indians living off-reserve, and an article on the Chilcotin Up-rising of 1864. T` ~E I '` I AEt3 EDUCATION RESOURCES CENTER HAS RECEIVED QUITE A FEW COPIES OF A "SHORT PRACTICAL DICTIONARY OF THE GITKSAN LANGUAGE" BY LONNIE HINDLE (FROM KISPIOX :SECRETARY-TREASURER OF BCANSI) AND BRUCE R I GSBY , I F YOU ARE INTERESTED I N GETT- IG A COPY, PLEASE WRITE TO THE RESOURCES CENTER . - 18- INDIAN LIFE ON THE NORTHWEST COAST OF NORTH AMERICA .	 AS SEEN BY THE EARLY EXPLORERS AND FUR TRADERS DURING THE LAST DECADES OF THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY . Erna Gunther . 1972 . 277 pages. University of Chicago Press, $15 .00. In this book Erna Gunther, former anthropology Professor at the University of Washington, describes the first contacts between white traders and B . C. Coastal Indians . Using journals, letters, and museum specimens, She pieces together the trader's accounts of their voyages and their impressions of Indian life. The book would be excellent for one deeply interested in or doing detailed research on the history of B . C. Coastal Indian Groups . ** * MAP OF B . C . INDIAN GROUPS AND 1A''GUAGES  - A FREE MAP SHOWING THE LOCATION OF B .C . INDIAN TRIBES AND LANGUAGE FAMILIES AS OF 1850 IS AVAILABLE FROM: DR. BARBARA EFRAT CURATOR OF LINGUISTICS B . C . PROVINCIAL MUSEUM PARLIAMENT BUILDINGS VICTORIA, B . C. THERE IS A LIMIT OF ONE MAP PER ORDER. * THE INDL N TRIBES OFBRITISHCOLIMIA . Educational Kit 001 . Open trails Industries, New Westminster, B .C . Booklet (by Reg Ashwell) $1 .40 ; Base Map of B .C ., $28 .00 Overlay map showing Indian trip -1 bound^ries . $3 .50 . be weighed agains-t problems-introduced if the kit -com- p) etp iy takes the place of local native-resource people. If the-subject "Indians; " by use of a kit, is treated-with- out any reference-to the local Indian community several ideas-may- be_ reinforced in the minds of both Indians and non-Indians : the idea that local Indian communities have nothing to offer, that what comes from a small package from the city is more meaningful than knowledge of local life, and that local Indians (including students) know nothing of importance . The best kits are those which present sufficient and accurate information, there- by aiding the teacher, and also promote, rather than discourage, the involvement of native resource people in the classroom. BOOK SALE THE ANNUAL U .B .C . BOOK STORE AT BROCK HALL IS FROM NOVEMBER 14 – 28 THIS YEAR . A HUGE VARIETY OF BOOKS ' ARE ON SALE – BOTH TEXT BOOKS AND POPULAR BOOKS . IF YOU NEED ANY SPECIFIC BOOK . CONTACT THE RESOURCES CENTER AND WE WILL TRY TO GET IT FOR YOU. – DAVID WYATT. **************** 4 MAY YOU BE INFORMED THAT OTHER PHONE NUMBERS TO THE INDIAN EDUCATION RESOURCES CENTER ARE: 228 - 4662 228 - 6254 228 - 6325 #*******************  . - Zl - . . . - 19 - Indians are a popular school subject . This is shown by the fact that Open Trails Industries chose B .C. Indians as the subject of their first educational kit. The kit, for primary (and possibly secondary) school use, includes a map and overlay and a pocket-size large-type 48 page booklet . Unfortunately, because non-Indians usually know so little about traditional Indian life, anyone who claims to know even a little more can gain respect as an "expert" and because of the popularity of Indians as a subject kits and books like this one will sell regardless of their faults. This particular kit has several failings . First, its many inaccuracies . The Interior Salish, for example, are described in the booklet as weavers of goats-wool blankets when the practice was not typical . The map repeats the error by showing a woman kneeling before her loom in the middle of Shuswap territory . There are too many other errors to mention . A second problem is the booklet's briefness . Each Indian group gets three small pages at most . In a booklet so small errors become more significant -- about half the description of the Interior Salish is devoted to their supposed blanket making . The booklet also contains passages which remind me of the statements of old-time Indian Affairs agents -- including biased comparisons of groups . The Tahltan Indians are said to be "a rather indolent people, lacking in the initiative shown by neighboring tribes, "while the Slave are "a peaceful, happy, and inoffensive people". Another problem is the kit's cost . The plastic map and overlay cost a total of $31 .50 . While they are attractive and durable, for $1 (for a government map), two crayons, and a book from the library or Resources Center (maybe Duff's The Indian History of B .C .), a student could produce his own map and by so doing be lead to learn about the relationship between human ecology and social boundaries . Better yet, for $1, two crayons, and an invitation to a native resource person, the student could learn about local boundaries and the events in local Indian history that created and changed boundaries. My suggestion that a local resource person be invited to the classroom brings up the general problem of the use of kits like the Open Trails product . Teachers are overworked . Few have time to prepare their own units on native life . Kits like this may seem a Godsend -- they are convenient packages to fill a hole in the curriculum . But the convenience of using such kits must . . . - 20 - . . . INDIANS ARE YOU INTERESTED IN NATIVE INDIANS? ARE YOU DOING RESEARCH ON INDIANS? ARE YOU INVOLVED IN A PROGRAMME WITH INDIANS? WOULD YOU  & TALK WOULD YOU LIKE TO HEAR THEIR SIDEOF THE STORY? VjSlt: evr~thpne:e : Indian Education Resources 106 Brock Hall  Center  VancouverUBC  228-4662 


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