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Newswire 2008

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20 fall / Winter 2008 fall / Winter 2008 21 Once a struggling regional university publisher on the brink of demise, UBC Press is now one of North America’s most venerable university presses and has played a key role in disseminating leading social sciences research. After nearly 40 years in the publishing industry, UBC Press’s retired Associate Director, Editorial, Jean Wilson reflects on her 20-year career at the Press and the critical importance of scholarly publishing to the academic community. Frontier: You joined UBC Press as Managing Editor in 1988 when the Press was struggling and you are consistently credited with helping to revive it. Why was it struggling and what did you do to help restore it? JW: UBC Press was quite dysfunctional in the late 1980s. People didn’t work well together and the Press had lost its focus. It had published some important books especially in B.C. history and Native studies, but essentially, it was a small west coast publisher that no one east of the Rockies took very seriously. There was an internal review in 1989 after which most of my senior colleagues were fired and I was made acting director. I had the position for a year and then UBC hired Peter Milroy to be the new director of the Press and I became the acquisitions editor. We refocused the publishing list in areas that the Press already had strengths in, particularly B.C. history and Native studies, and dropped other areas that were well covered by other Canadian scholarly publishers. F: UBC Press is now one of the most respected university presses in North America. Why? JW: We publish books that are very well received and well reviewed in their fields. People know that we take a great deal of care with our books at all stages. We have very rigorous standards for editing and production and I think we may be the only university press on the continent that still hires proofreaders. Our list has grown because of the editing and production quality of the books and authors know we’ll deal with the manuscripts expeditiously and professionally. F: What is UBC Press most proud of? JW: We’re proudest of the contribution we’ve made to scholarship and publishing in Canada over the last 20 years. F: How do you see UBC Press’s role evolving? JW: The Press can maintain its present strength and maybe even grow a little bit more, in the sense of maybe publishing 70 books per year. At present, we publish about 60 books per year. The Press was one of the first presses to edit manuscripts online and it’s quite likely that it will lead the way in digital publishing, doing fewer hard copies of books and more in digitized form. I am confident it will maintain its reputation as one of the leading scholarly publishers in Canada. F: You have been in the business of university publishing for 40 years. How have you seen the industry change? JW: When I joined University of Toronto Press (UTP) in 1968, typesetting was all hot- metal typesetting; now we’re into digital publishing, which is very indicative of how rapidly technology has changed. In terms of the industry, today there are a lot more scholarly publishers. In the 1970s, there were only two well-established scholarly presses and now there are nine English- language university presses. F: Why are university presses so integral to the university and its research endeavours? JW: If scholarly books aren’t published, the research done at universities languishes in university libraries as theses and reports that don’t reach the right audience. If academic presses don’t publish what has been found out through academic research, then they shortchange both the academic community and the larger world of scholarship as well. UBC Press has been and will continue to be a great asset to UBC, both in terms of the prestige it brings to the university as an important publisher of books in the social sciences, and in terms of the role it plays in disseminating research results in Canada and internationally. 2007 Mandakranta Bose, institute of Asian Research Mandakranta Bose is a leading scholar of the classical performing arts of India. Her reconstruction of the ancient tradition of dance and mime in India is based on all extant Sanskrit texts on dance, drama and music. David Brydges, Department of Mathematics David Brydges is an outstanding mathematical physicist with a sustained record spanning thirty years of inventive and highly creative achievements in the fields of constructive quantum field theory and mathematical statistical mechanics. Donald Douglas, Department of Chemistry Donald Douglas is known for his contributions to mass spectrometry. He is noted for developing the first commercial inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer system for trace element analysis and for his fundamental studies of protein ions. Charles Haynes, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering and Michael Smith Laboratories Dr. Haynes is a scholar of international stature in the field of bioseparations and downstream bioprocessing. His fundamental and applied research crosses disciplinary boundaries to devise  original methods of recovering and separating products of biological significance from solutions and mixtures. Brian MacVicar, Department of Psychiatry Dr. MacVicar is a superb electrophysiologist and a pioneer in the development and application of cellular imaging to models of normal and pathological brain function. His research has direct application to topics like stroke, epilepsy, and Alzheimer’s disease. Marco Marra, Department of Medical Genetics and BC Cancer Agency Dr. Marra was instrumental in the construction of a human genome map, which has allowed an international consortium to efficiently complete and make publicly available the human genome sequence. Another major contribution was in sequencing the SARS coronavirus genome. Jack Saddler, Faculty of Forestry John (Jack) N. Saddler is trained as a microbiologist/biochemist and works in the primary areas of applications of enzymes to fibre modification and in the bioconversion of wood residues to fuels and chemicals. 2008 Graeme Wynn, Department of Geography Graeme Wynn is among the leading historical geographers and environmental historians in the English-speaking world. He is known for his analyses of the social and environmental ramifications of staple trades, especially in the forests of colonial New Zealand. Clarence W. de Silva, Department of Mechanical Engineering From fundamental research to technology development, Clarence de Silva has made significant seminal contributions to knowledge generation and dissemination, advanced education, and the practice of engineering in Canada and overseas. Curtis Suttle, Department of Earth and ocean Sciences Professor Suttle has changed our understanding of biological oceanographic processes by being among the first to recognize the abundance of viruses in seawater and their importance as major agents of mortality and drivers of global biogeochemical cycles. Ann Marie Craig, Department of Psychiatry Dr. Craig has made some of the most important advances in neuroscience in the past decade and her work has important significance for the development of new and effective therapies for numerous neurological and psychiatric diseases, like stroke and autism.   ivar Ekeland, Pacific institute for the Mathematical Sciences Ivar Ekeland’s contributions to mathematics include fundamental results in convex and non-linear analysis, control theory, Hamiltonian mechanics, symplectic geometry, mathematical economics and finance. Martha Cook Piper, Past President (RSC Specially Elected Fellow) With her superb communication skills, Martha Cook Piper has been instrumental in raising public awareness of the importance of research and in persuading governments to increase their investment in higher education and research. 2007-08 UBC fellows elected to Royal Society of Canada RSC: The Academies of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada (RSC) is the senior national body of distinguished scientists and scholars. Fellowship to the RSC is one of the most prestigious academic distinctions that can be attributed to a Canadian scholar. Individuals are selected based on their outstanding scholarly achievements on both a national and international level through publishing learned works or through original research in the arts, humanities and sciences. by accolades Photo > Kaldor 22 fall / Winter 2008 fall / Winter 2008 23 nEWS this June, a suitcase-sized space telescope originally designed to operate for 12 months celebrated its fifth anniversary in orbit. the $10-million telescope is a key component of Most (Microvariability & oscillations of stars), a canadian space agency mission led by uBc’s Jaymie Matthews. Designed to measure the brightness variations of stars – a process likened to “taking the pulse” of distant stars – MOST has expanded its role to study planets around other stars. More than 20 scientific papers have been published by the MOST team in the past 18 months, and more were published by international scientists using data from MOST. Last year, MOST scientists invited amateur Canadian astronomers and students to submit their own research proposals for the telescope, soliciting dozens of online submissions at www.astro.ubc.ca/MOST. MOST is jointly operated by Dynacon Inc., the University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies and the University of British Columbia, with the assistance of the University of Vienna. Spying on space Image > courtesy of UBC Public Affairs newswire new frontiers in federal funding UBC researchers have received the second-highest level of funding in Canada this year from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), earning more than $35 million in health research funding for projects including screening techniques for colorectal cancer, evaluating the HPV vaccine in HIV- positive women, male infertility and substance abuse in teenagers. The thrill of victory, the agony of defeat A recent psychology study at UBC investigated the non-verbal expressions and body language of sighted, blind, and congenitally blind judo competitors representing more than 30 countries. Using photographic data collected at the 2004 Olympic and Paralympic Games, the study showed that winning athletes, both sighted and blind and across all cultures, tended to raise their arms, tilt their head up and puff out their chest. Also largely universal were the expressions of defeat, which include slumped shoulders and a narrowed chest. The results suggest that the responses to winning and defeat are innate rather than learned, although culture moderated the shame response to some extent among sighted athletes. novel tactics to tackle Alzheimer’s Researchers at UBC have uncovered a new tactic in the fight against Alzheimer’s disease, a neurodegenerative disorder and common form of dementia. The researchers targeted brain cells called microglia, which patrol the brain and migrate to a site of injury to help restore normal function. An Alzheimer’s-afflicted brain is characterized by the accumulation of plaques that contain the beta amyloid protein and which accumulate faster than the brain’s 14 billion microglia can digest them. By treating the microglia with inflammatory stimulants, the researchers enhanced the digestion of plaques in a post-mortem brain. The study, published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, marks the first time that this phenomenon, believed to take place in the living brain, has been duplicated in the laboratory. The research was led by Dr. Sadayuki Hashioka and supported by the Pacific Alzheimer Research Foundation and the Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute. Mind maze Researchers at UBC and the Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute have documented the first case of a patient who, without apparent brain damage or cognitive impairment, is unable to orient within any environment including the neighborhood where he/she has lived for many years. Navigating and orienting in an environment requires at least two distinct memory systems involving the use of landmarks and distances, and the creation of a mental representation or cognitive map of the environment. It is the ability to “create” and “read” these cognitive maps that enables a person to navigate a route without getting lost. Researchers believe others within the general population may be affected by this disorder. Visit www.gettinglost.ca for more information. Cultural evolution revolution Liane Gabora, Assistant Professor of Cognitive Psychology at UBC Okanagan, is developing computer software that will help archaeologists piece together the process by which human culture evolves. Dr. Gabora’s computer models of cultural evolution will not only offer insight into the minds of those who came before us, but will also predict the kinds of minds that will follow us and the directions in which humanity is evolving. If, for example, a certain settlement acquired pots with handles through trade, and soon after started producing cups with handles, her computer program will be able to suggest that they used analogical thinking to abstract the concept ‘handle’ from pots and applied it to cups. Gabora believes the computer models she is developing will help to gain a better understanding and appreciation of our collective and individual roles in the cultural evolutionary process. Read the full article in the June 2008 edition of UBC Reports at www.publicaffairs. ubc.ca/ubcreports. improve performance, increase trust According to a recent study, retail companies that communicate trust to their employees will see superior sales and customer service performance. Researchers from the Sauder School of Business at UBC and from York University explored how workers’ perceptions of being trusted affected their performance. Involving 88 locations of a major retail chain, the study collected data from each location’s sales and employee performance records and conducted anonymous surveys of employee attitudes. The result: employees who feel trusted accept more responsibility at their jobs and work harder in pleasing customers. Bracing for impact A sports helmet invented at UBC reduces direct impact to the neck by up to 56 per cent, according to preliminary tests. Dubbed Pro-Neck-Tor™, the patent-pending technology features a movable inner shell that guides the head to tilt slightly forward or backward in a head-on impact, allowing direct loads to dissipate to the cervical spine. Visit www.pronecktor.com to view an animation showing how the helmet works. The research project involves surgeons from the UBC Department of Orthopedics and researchers from the Division of Orthopedic Engineering Research and the International Collaboration on Repair Discoveries (ICORD). Images > courtesy of UBC Public Affairs Photo > Bob Willingham For more information about these and other news stories, please visit www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca/ubcnews


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