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Newswire Vice President Research and International, Office of the 2009-11-30

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NnullWnullnull FAnullnullnullnullnullnullR nullnullscientists decode BreAst cAncer genome nullientists at Unull and the null Cancer Agency are the nullst to have decoded the entire nullA sequence of a metastatic lobular breast cancer tumour, a type of breast cancer that accounts for about null per cent of all breast cancers, and have identinulld the mutations that caused the cancer to spread. nullhe landmarnullstudy, published in Nature, helps to understand how breast cancer begins and spreads, pointing the way to new treatment targets and therapies.null studying the evolution of a single patient’s lobular breast cancer tumour over nine years, the team found null mutations in the metastatic cancer tumour and then determined how many of those same genetic nullpelling mistanullesnullwere present  in the original tumour. Only nulle of the null could have been present in all the cells of the primary tumour, suggesting they are the culprits behind the disease’s origins. nullhese nulle mutations were previously unnullown to researchers as playing a role  in cancer. evAlUAting cAnAdA’s  Biodiversity reseArch cAPAcitynullwo Unull scientists have been appointed to a national panel tasnulled with reviewing the state of biodiversity research in Canada. nullofessors nullayne nullddison and nullrah Otto nullin null other biodiversity enullerts on a Council of Canadian Academies panel that will consider the supply of tanullonomic enullertise, the effect of changing technologies on the nullld, and Canada’s contribution to biodiversity research at the international level. An acnullowledged gap has developed in global understanding of biodiversity, due in part to a worldwide shortage of tanullonomists and a lacnullof research institutes dedicated to biodiversity.nulle’re being asnulled to report on the capacity of Canada to identify, monitor and document trends in biodiversity,nullsays Otto, nullrector of Unull’s nullodiversity nullesearch Centre. nulle’ll also attempt to identify nulley gaps in the Canadian infrastructure for biodiversity science and the associated risnull of these gaps.nulleArly-life exPerience  linked to chronic diseAses Earlynullife enulleriences sticnullwith people into adulthood and may render them more susceptible to many of the chronic diseases of aging, according to a new study led by Unull researchers nullregory nullller and nullchael nullbor. nullsed on genomenullide pronulling in nullnullhealthy adults, the study shows evidence that genes involved with inflammation were selectively nullwitched onnullin subnullcts who began life with low socioeconomic status. nullt seems to be the case that if people are raised in a low socioeconomic family, their immune cells are constantly vigilant for threats from the environment,nullsays nullller. nullnullhis is linullely to have consequences for their risnullfor latenullife chronic diseases.nullgift creAtes cAnAdA’s lArgest  fUnd for stUdy of hUmAn sexUAlityA null.nullmillion gift to Unull from an anonymous donor has created Canada’s largest university endowment fund for the study of human relationships and senullality. nullhe gift was made in the name of nullne nullule, the late pioneering Canadian author and former Unull educator who contributed to the decriminalinulltion of homosenullality and the rise of Canadian literature on  the world stage.nullhe nullne nullule Endowment for the nulludy of nullman nullelationships will support programs related to the study of senullal orientation, race and gender and will also provide support for Unull’s Critical nulludies in nullnullality program, and lesbian, gay, bisenullal and transgendered null nullnullnullnullstudent groups, conferences and visiting lectures. Accident insPires  snowBoArd sAfety device After a nullnull snowboarding accident that left him a quadriplegic, Aaron Coret, a fourthnullear Unull engineering student and snowboard enthusiast, partnered with recent graduate nullephen nullen to develop a freestyle snull and snowboard safety device as part of their course wornull nullhe result is  a patentnullending invention dubbed the nullnding nullad, which features two independent air chambers to allow riders to continue movement downhill but cushions the fall in case the rider lands on anything other than their feet, manullng training safer. nullideos and photos of snowboarders testing the nullnding nullad are available at www.katalinnovations.com. Powered wheelchAir  Users to receive BoostA new research initiative based at Unull aims to provide users of powered wheelchairs with a helping hand. nullunded by a sinullyear, null.nullmillion Emerging null eam nullrant from the Canadian nullstitutes of nullalth nullesearch, a multidisciplinary team of researchers will investigate how older adults are currently using powered wheelchairs, how they can be used better, and how the chairs themselves can be improved. nullhe answers to these questions will improve nullowledge and understanding in the nullld of aging and mobility research. nulld by nullof. nulllliam nullller of the Unull nullpartment of Occupational nullience and Occupational nullherapy, the nullannullanadian team of null clinical researchers, scientists and engineers will conduct a number of research activities. nullhese include an assessment of measures to improve research and clinical practice, and the development of a wheelchair snulllls program and a new, collaboratively null WsWirePhoto > Russell BrownNnullWnullnullnull  nullnullnull Rnullnull OF nullnullnullnullnullnull nullnullA nullOFFnullnull OF nullnull Vnullnull PRnullnullDnullnullRnullnullnullARnull nullnullnullnullnullRnullAnullOnullAnullcontrolled wheelchair. nullhe Unull nullalth nullesearch nullesource Ofnulle nullenullOnull funded by the nullchael nullith nulloundation for nullalth nullesearch, assisted in preparing the successful funding application. fighting for indigenoUs cUltUrenulldigenous nullowledge and culture is  legally tanullen and enullloited, often for  pronull, damaging nulldigenous peoples and communities in Canada and around the world, says nullreg nullounging, a professor of nulldigenous nulludies at Unull Onullnagan and member of OpasnullayanullCree nulltion in nullnitoba. nulls research in the area of traditional nullowledge, nulldigenous rights and intellectual property rights indicates that under the current international intellectual property rights system, up to  null per cent of patents, trademarnull and copyrights on nulldigenous traditional nullowledge and cultural enullression are owned by nonnullndigenous people  or corporations.nullhe problem with the current system, he says, is that it puts nulldigenous traditional nullowledge into the public domain without respecting customary laws, spiritual practices and sacred traditions that have governed the use of this nullowledge in nulldigenous communities for centuries. nullounging is involved in discussions with the nullorld nulltellectual nulloperty Organinulltion, an agency of the United nulltions dedicated to developing a balanced and accessible international intellectual property system. memBers of the royAl society of cAnAdAnullnullnullnullhe Academies of Arts, nullmanities and nulliences of Canada nullnullnullnullis the country’s most prominent academy of scholars and scientists. nullre than nullnullUnull faculty members belong to nullnull, including the following recently elected individualsnullnullele Diamond nullrofessor, nullsychiatrynullhas pioneered a new subnullld of psychology called developmental cognitive neuroscience. nullr  contributions have signinullantly improved understanding and medical treatment of phenylnulletoneuria nullnullnull autism, and attention denullit  hyperactivity disorder nullnullnull.Danulld nullrnullatricnullnullrofessor, Computer nulliencenullis recogninulld for his contributions to the design and mathematical analysis of algorithms and data structures. nulls research has applications in acoustic simulation of concert halls, videonullnnullemand broadcasting, computer graphics, robot motion planning and geographic information systems. nullan nullcnullorth nullrofessor, Computer nulliencenullis Canada’s leading nullure in the nullld of artinullial intelligence. nulls wornullhas widespread applications for computer system design and has introduced a new discipline nullown as constraint programming. nullcnullorth is globally recogninulld as the founding father of the robot soccer challenge nulloboCup. Dr. nulllio nullntaner nullirector, null Centre for Enullcellence in nullnullnullnullnull has conducted pioneering wornullin the use of combinations of antinulletrovirals to treat nullnullnullnullnull which has led to a new standard of care for Anullnulland prompted the nullorld nullalth Organinulltion to recommend that the drugs be used as nullstnulline therapy for treatment of Anullnullin resourcenullimited settings. nullhn nullbrian nullrofessor, Art nullstory, nullisual Art and nullheorynullis an internanulltionally respected historian of art, visual culture and art criticism, particunulllarly in twentiethnullentury nullrth America. null analynullng the relationship between artistic practice, theory and public culture, O’nullian has shown the intrinsic importance of Canadian art. memBers of the order of British colUmBiAnullhe Order of nullitish Columbia is the province’s highest recognition of enullcellence, achievement, and citinullnship. nullw recipients in nullnull include the following three Unull faculty membersnullDr. robert nullncocnull nullrofessor, nullcrobiology and nullmunologynullconducts innovative research that has increased understanding of how antibiotics affect bacteria, in the process developing antibiotics and immune system modulators with potential to be the nullst novel classes of antimicrobials in  null years. Dr. nullchael nullyden nullirector and nullnior nullientist, Centre for nulllecular nulldicine and nullherapeuticsnullhas made outstanding contributions in the areas of genetics, nullntington’s and other neurodegenerative diseases. null is the most cited author in the world on nullntington’s disease. Dr. nullnda Warren nulllinical nullofessor, nulladiologynullis a driving force behind the founding and continued enullcellence of the nullreening nullmmography nullogram of nullC., which has greatly contributed to manullng Canada’s breast cancer mortality rate the lowest in the world. nullWnullrDs


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