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Considering oral history: Methodological questions and reflections Haney, Catherine 2013-11-21

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Archival Documents       Oral History “History From Below”  What is oral history? How did it develop?  What are its social purposes?  Why is oral history important for nursing research?     Considering Oral History:  Methodological Questions and Reflections  Catherine Haney, RN, PhD Student UBC School of Nursing Consortium for Historical Inquiry in Nursing and Health Care Symposium, November 21, 2013   This poster highlights some reflections on conducting oral history research in the context of developing and conceptualizing a proposed study of the historical development of the PhD in Nursing degree in Canada   Eye Witness Interviews Data Analysis  What are common strategies for data analysis?  “Professional  identity  was  so  clear  for  me  from the very beginning and I was feisty about it. I never had a question that I wouldn’t  do  a  Nursing Master’s  or  PhD.” UBC Library Archives 35.2/36.1 School of Nursing 50th Anniversary Ceremony UBC Library Archives 35.2/36.3 M. Street at School of Nursing 50th Anniversary Ceremony Sources What Is This Story About?   Concluding Thoughts   Although interpretations and collected narratives are the most visible, accessible, and perhaps most interesting elements for consumers of oral history research, equal attention and care must be given to the  design  aspects  of  one’s  own  research  endeavors.    “We  were always fighting. Nursing faculty were always fighting for traction in the system.” Selected References   Boschma, G., Scaia, M., Bonifacio, N., & Roberts, E. (2007). Oral history research. In S.B. Lewinson, & E.K. Herrmann (Eds.), Capturing nursing history: A guide to historical methods research (pp. 79-98). New York: Springer Publishing Company. Grele, R. J. (1996). Directions for oral history in the United States. In D.K. Dunaway and W.K. Baum (Eds.), Oral History: An Interdisciplinary Anthology (pp. 62-84). Lantham: Altamira Press. Portelli, A. (1979/2006). What makes oral history different? In R. Perks & A. Thomson (Eds). The Oral History Reader (pp. 32-53). London: Routledge. Thomson, P. (2007). Four paradigm transformations in oral history. The Oral History Review, 34(1), 49-70. doi:10.1525/ohr.2007.34.1.49 Relevance to Proposed Project  The purpose of the proposed study is to examine the historical development of the PhD in Nursing degree in Canada from the perspectives of those who experienced the introduction, implementation, and uptake of the degree.    What are the implications of considering participants’  stories  and archival documents? What is privileged here? Research Questions   What kinds of questions can oral history address?  How does oral history help us to explore the multiple historical conditions and contexts in which specific events occurred or social processes took place? Selection Criteria? Sample Size?   Are Interview data text?  Can they be analyzed as such? How?  Professional Nursing Identity?  (il)Legitimacy in Academia?  Resistance? Progress?  Common Challenges “That’s  Not What I Said”  Reliability of Memory? (Mis)Interpretation?    Newspaper Articles Meeting Minutes Policy Statements   


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