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Gud Ga is : being together to talk collaborative planning in the Haida Village of Skidegate : an Indigenous… Iwama, Daniel Akihiro; Harding, Melanie Joy Jun 30, 2014

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1GUD GA IS: BEING TOGETHER TO TALKCollaborative Planning in the Haida Village of SkidegateAn Indigenous Community Planning Practicum in Haida GwaiibyDANIEL AKIHIRO IWAMAB.A., The University of British Columbia, 2008ANDMELANIE JOY HARDINGB.A., The University of Guelph, 2012A PRACTICUM PROJECT SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OFMASTER OF ARTS (PLANNING)inTHE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIESSchool of Community and Regional PlanningWe accept this project as conformingto the required standard................................................................................................................................................................THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIAJune 2014© Daniel Iwama and Melanie Harding, 20142Gud Ga Is: Being Together to TalkCollaborative Planning in the Haida Village of SkidegateAn Indigenous Community Planning Practicum in Haida GwaiiBy Daniel Akihiro Iwama and Melanie Joy Harding, School of Community and Regional PlanningUniversity Of British ColumbiaKayd gaa.ngang xaaydaga giida,XDD\GDJDVN·XXODKON·XXODKON·LQxa gaa.ngang giida,KD\GJXGLLODDJLGKON·LQxa gaa.ngang giidakD\GDD\KOOQJDD\JXGJLLKOk·DDQJDJDDJDQXXWDDMXXWODDWV·LLJDLGWO·DDJZDD\\DD\JXXgamKD\GJXGWDDZJDQJLLxDQGVJ\LQXXJXGDGJLQJWODDWV·LLJDKOOQJDD\JXGJLLKOk·DDQJD*DDQJDQJXXJZDD\xaaydagaay giidangWOOJDD\N·DD\VJXX[DQJDDGXX[DD\GDJDJXGLLODJLGJDPJLQDVLQJJLLWD·LLWO·OJDQJDQJJDVJDKOOQJDD\JXGJLLKON·DDQJDJLKOJDD\JDDJDQDKKD\GJXXVGDJDQJJ\DDJDQJWDDMXXWODDWV·LLJDWODDJDQJkD\GDD\WOOGDDJDQJJDGKOOQJDJDJDPQDQJVTZDQV-ing adJXGDGkLLJDZDD\DGOOQDJDD\¶ZDDGOXx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ÀUVWVWURQJZLQGZKLFKFDPHDORQJVRLVLWLPSRVVLEOHRUDQ\SHUVRQDQ\IDPLO\RUDQ\FRPPXQLW\WRVWDQGDORQHDJDLQVWWKHWURXEOHVRIWKLVZRUOG&KLHI6NLGHJDWH/HZLV&ROOLQVRQ0DUFKKaayd gaa.ngang xaaydaga giidaPeople are like treesPreface7AcknowledgementsWe would like to acknowledge that our University is located on the traditional unceded SHUKZVM[OLOēUˣXˣēTPUˣēTˣZWLHRPUN4\ZX\LHTWLVWSLWhen we completed our last trip to Skidegate for the purpose of our practicum, our hearts were heavy. We were hesitant to say goodbye to the friends we had made over the past 8 months. Our hearts though, were not full of sadness - but full of gratitude. Our journey at the School of Community and Regional Planning has led us to many places, and we would like to acknowledge all those who have helped us along the way. Haawa to the Skidegate Band Council for inviting us and hosting us in your community. The vision and commitment that you show to your community is admirable./HH^H[V)HYIHYH)HIZ:[L]LUZ*OPLM(KTPUPZ[YH[P]L6ɉJLYMVYZOV^PUN\ZOV^[Vbring love into all of the work that you do, and for the teachings you shared with us.Haawa to Dana Moraes, CCP Coordinator, for inviting us not only into your work with open arms, but into all aspects of your life. Your willingness to share teachings about Haida cul-ture means so much to us.Haawa to the community members in Skidegate who gave us a chance, shared meals with us, and showed us what it means to be Haida. These are teachings that we will never forget. Haawa to all those who made our times in Skidegate so very rich.;OHUR`V\[V1LɈ*VVR0*77YHJ[PJ\T0UZ[Y\J[VYMVY`V\YLUKSLZZWH[PLUJLHUKN\PKHUJLYou are an educator in every cell of your body, and we are thankful for the hours you spent ^P[O\Z@V\Y^VYKZVM^PZKVTHUK¸1LɈ^OPZWLYZ¹^LYL[OL^PUKZ[OH[OLSWLKV\YZOPWsail.Thank you to Dr. Leonie Sandercock, SCARP Professor, for having not only the vision but also the drive to create the Indigenous Community Planning Specialization at SCARP. We have all been enriched by your humility.8Thank you to other professors at SCARP who have coloured our time at this school, most ZWLJPÄJHSS`+Y5VYH(UNLSLZ^OVZLÄLSKJV\YZLPU[OL7OPSPWWPULZLUOHUJLKV\YZRPSSZHUKintroduced us to the complexity of community based work. Your commitment to your stu-dents is astounding. Also thank you to Will Trousedale, Aftab Erfan, Normajean MacLaren, and Nathan Edelson who made our courses worth far more than we paid in tuition.Thank you to Gerry Oleman and Shane Point for grounding our practice in quiet wisdom. Thank you to our classmates at SCARP who went on this journey with us. You have light-ened our loads and made this whole journey a lot more fun.Thank you to the Real Estate Foundation, UBC’s Teaching and Learning Enhancement Fund, and to SSHRC for supporting this project. Without your support, the immensity of this experience would have been lost. Thank you to the communities around the world who have shown us the way to a deeper way of being and doing with patience and humour.Thank you to our families and friends who have forgiven us for missing dinners, birthdays, and for being overall absent as we embarked on this journey over the past year. We are grateful for the support and for the love that you give to us so generously. Haawa!Preface9Executive SummaryThis Portfolio is the culmination of our work in the Indigenous Community Planning Practi-cum at the Unversity of British Columbia’s School of Community and Regional Planning. Our practicum was completed with the Haida Village of Skidegate, located on Haida Gwaii. We supported Skidegate’s Comprehensive Community Planning (CCP) process from September 2013 to May 2014. The relationship between UBC-SCARP and Skidegate Band Council (SBC) is a strong and fruitful one. So much of our practicum builds on the hard work that was done in Year 1 of the CCP process.This Portfolio outlines our great body of work, the Comprehensive Community Planning WYVJLZZPU:RPKLNH[LHUKRL`YLÅLJ[PVUZMYVTV\Y^VYR6]LYHWLYPVKVM TVU[OZ^Lmade 6 trips to Skidegate, totalling approximately 1000 hours of work. This resulted in over 45 reports, presentations, and tools, and 13 community engagement workshops throughout the practicum. We began the practicum with the creation of a Student Partnership Protocol and a Com-munity Learning Agreement. These documents set parameters for our work together as Master’s Candidates, and as student-community partners. We hoped to build reciprocal and nurturing relationships between all partners involved. Mutual respect, humility, grati-tude, and a commitment to healing guided our work together. 6\YZ\IZ[HU[P]LÄUKPUNZPUJS\KLKÄUHSPaPUNH]PZPVUMVY[OL**7HUK^VYRPUN^P[O[OLJVTT\UP[ `Z[HɈJV\UJPSHUK,SKLYZ[VKLJPKLVUJVYLLUKZVIQLJ[P]LZVY+PYLJ[PVUZThese 8 Directions informed the pathways (means objectives) and actions that will be pur-sued by the community of Skidegate to reach their vision. Through a preliminary prioritiza-tion process, the original list of over 150 actions was narrowed down to 44. Recommenda-[PVUZMVYHÄUHSYV\UKVMWYPVYP[PaH[PVUHYLPUJS\KLKPU[OL**7The outcomes of this Practicum are diverse. The deliverables include our community contributions (i.e reports, presentations, facilitation plans, tools, et cetera), the Compre-hensive Community Plan itself (Gud Ga Is: Being Together to Talk), and this portfolio which 10is the summation of all of our work. The outcomes are multi-faceted and perhaps more complex. Our work with the Haida Village of Skidegate moved the CCP process forward in their cycle. We built strong relationships between ourselves and community members, and between UBC and SBC. Our technical and relational skills were developed as emerging planning practitioners. Community members became engaged, or sustained their engage-ment in this important community process. Skill development was exchanged between ourselves and the CCP coordinator, Dana Moraes. And we attempted to contribute to decolonizing the planning profession through a commitment to community process, em-powerment, and reciprocity.PrefaceOur unique way of seeing the world is shaped by the traditional lands and waters that we have occupied since time immemorial. The Haida way of life relies on sustaining our natural environment. Through the widespread practice of our culture and language, we are working towards greater community resilience and improving our health and wellness. We place trust in our community leaders who govern openly, helping us to build vibrant local economies, and strengthen pride in Skidegate.Gud Ga Is (CCP) Vision:Throughout the practicum, many teachings were shared with us by our partners in Skide-gate. The centrality of the land and waters that sustain the Haida showed us what de-pends on these planning processes. The importance of our intentions and building rela-tionships were also of note. These teachings enriched our experience and enabled us to YLÅLJ[VUKLLWSLZZVUZHIV\[ILPUNWSHUUPUNWYHJ[P[PVULYZHZ^LSSHZO\THUILPUNZ>Lfaced challenges such as lack of time and participation that forced us to ask ourselves KPɉJ\S[X\LZ[PVUZHIV\[V\YYVSL^VYRPUNPUHJVTT\UP[`[OH[PZUV[V\YV^U/V^PZ[OLCCP process being used as a colonial tool? What is our role within that? And perhaps most importantly - how can we honour traditional Haida planning practices and communi-[`WYVJLZZLZ&;OLZLYLÅLJ[PVUZHYLL_WSVYLKPUTVYLKL[HPS[OYV\NOV\[[OLKVJ\TLU[11Table of ContentsPart 1: Preface         6Part 2: Introduction         12Part 3: Planning Approach          18 Part 5: Planning Action        30Part 6: Planning Deliverables       40Part 7: Planning Outcomes       44Part 8: Next Steps         487HY[ !*SVZPUN9LÅLJ[PVUZ       Part 10: Considerations        64Part 11: Conclusion         68Part 12: Who are we?        72Part 13: Appendix         76Part 4: Planning Methodology       2612Preface°°°°°0ZSHUK;SLSS°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°°0:3(5+:RPKLNH[L:HUKZWP[-LYY`°[V°7YPUJL°9\WLY[*HTW+PZ[HUJL°PU°RPSVTL[YLZ   :.HUN.^HH`(PYWVY[.YH]LS°9VHK3VNNPUN°9VHK/PNO^H`7H]LK°9VHK.^HPP/HHUHZ5H[PVUHS7HYR9LZLY]L5H[PVUHS4HYPUL*VUZLY]H[PVU(YLH9LZLY]LHUK/HPKH/LYP[HNL:P[L<5,:*6VYSK°/LYP[HNL°:P[LJH[:[H[7HJPMPJ°°°°°6JLHUPZP[VY°0UMVYTH[PVU-SVH[°7SHUL°:LY]PJL7\ISPJ°+VJR°`LSS0ZSHUK)YP[PZO*VS\TIPHHUJV\]LY7YPUJL°9\WLY[/HPKH.^HPP4HZZL[6SK°4HZZL[[°°)\YUHI`0ZSHUK2\UNOP[0ZSHUK6,:0:5+HU 7 :UK/HPKH°.^HPP°8\LLU°*OHYSV[[L°0ZSHUKZ7VY[*SLTLU[Z8\LLU°*OHYSV[[L(SSPMVYK°)H`5HPRVVU7YV]PUJPHS7HYR°°°°°°°°°°°°°°	[7UJ W[:HUKZWP[/HPKH°/LYP[HNL*LU[YL°.^HPP°/HHUHZ6MMPJL8\LLU°*OHYSV[[L2PSVTL[YLZ  /PSS(SSPMVYK°)H`:RPKLNH[L1314Introduction15UBC School of Community and Regional Planning ContextThe School of Community and Regional Planning (SCARP) is a graduate program at the University of British Columbia. As part of this Master’s degree, some students specialize in Indigenous Community Planning. This involves certain required courses focusing on cross-cultural learning and doing, and Indigenous law and governance. The culmination of this program is a required practicum in a First Nation currently engaging in a Comprehen-sive Community Planning process. This practicum replaces the professional project/thesis requirement at SCARP. The purpose of this practicum is to expose students to the complexities of working on [OLNYV\UKPU-PYZ[5H[PVUZ^OPSLHSZVVɈLYPUN[LJOUPJHSWSHUUPUNZ\WWVY[[V[OLJVTT\-nities they are placed in. Our program honours the traditional planning practices of the First Nations we work with: “Our intent is to train a new generation of community planners who will break with the colonial legacy and culture of planning in order to work in re-spectful partnership with Indigenous communities. We seek to empower emerging com-munity planners working with Indigenous communities with the necessary theory, skills, knowledge, and capacity to support those communities in achieving their own aspirations MVYSHUKZ[L^HYKZOPWJ\S[\YHSYL]P[HSPaH[PVUZ[YVUNNV]LYUHUJLOLHS[OHUK^LSSILPUN¹(SCARP-ICP Mission).The practicum involved approximately six trips to a First Nation in British Columbia over H TVU[OWLYPVK:LW[LTILY[V4H`+\YPUN[OLZL[YPWZZ[\KLU[Z^VYR^P[Ocommunity partners to deliver a CCP process. There are three aspects to the course requirements for this practicum. One is the community contribution which includes all of [OL^VYRKVULMVYHUK^P[O[OLJVTT\UP[ `(ZLJVUKHZWLJ[PU]VS]LZWLYZVUHSYLÅLJ[PVUZculminating in a journal paper which compiles journal entries for the entire experience, and HYLÅLJ[PVUWHWLY^OPJOL_WSVYLZ[OLKLLWSLHYUPUNZMYVTLHJOZ[\KLU[;OL[OPYKWPLJLPZthis document, which tells the story of the Practicum. The purpose of this document is to tell the story of our practicum in the Haida Village of :RPKLNH[L>LZOHYLV\YL_WLYPLUJLKVJ\TLU[V\YWSHUUPUNJVU[YPI\[PVUHUKVɈLYRL`YLÅLJ[PVUZHUKSLHYUPUNMYVTV\Y7YHJ[PJ\TIntroduction16Comprehensive Community Plan ContextWe had the pleasure and honour of working with the Haida Village of Skidegate in our Practicum. This was the second year of partnership with this community. We followed in [OLMVV[Z[LWZVM[^VWYL]PV\Z0*7Z[\KLU[ZMYVT:*(97^OVZ\WWVY[LK[OLÄYZ[`LHYVMthe CCP process. Skidegate’s CCP is entitled “Gud Ga Is: Being Together to Talk” and so for the remainder of this document, the CCP will be referred to as its Haida name: Gud Ga Is. The Haida people have been planning and governing their lands, waters, and people since time immemorial. These planning practices, governed by traditional laws, have his-torically been at odds with the western paradigm of planning. The Comprehensive Com-munity Plan, introduced in December 2012, attempts to marry these two approaches of planning, while honouring the community’s voice, vision, and planning history.Introduction“Located on the Skidegate Inlet at the south end of Graham Island, Haida Gwaii, the Haida village of Skidegate is home to 740 residents. The total registered pop-\SH[PVUPZ ^OPJOPUJS\KLZWLVWSLIV[OVUHUKVɈYLZLY]L;OL/HPKHSLHKlives steeped in their culture, including food gathering, potlatching, ceremony, song, and dance. Their connection to the land, combined with an enthusiasm for improving their lives through health, education, careers, and economic develop-ment makes Skidegate a unique and beautiful place to live. The community has 11 reserves which make up a total of 670.4 hectares.;OL/HPKHWLVWSLOH]LSP]LKVU/HPKH.^HPPZPUJL[PTLPTTLTVYPHS7YPVY[VÄYZ[contact, more than 10,000 Haida people lived throughout the islands in traditional village sites. In the late 1830’s, smallpox came to the islands and all the villages at both the north and south Haida Gwaii were devastated. The population declined to about 500. The people of Rose Spit and Cape Ball villages on the east coast were [OLÄYZ[[VYLSVJH[L[V:RPKLNH[LPU0U [OL]PSSHNLYZMYVT*\TZOL^HHYYP]LK)` [OLMHTPSPLZMYVTHSS[OLZV\[OLYU]PSSHNLZTV]LK[VSP]LPU:RPKL-NH[L)`[OLLUKVM[OL [OJLU[\Y `:RPKLNH[LHUK6SK4HZZL[[^LYL[OLTHPUJLU[YLZVM/HPKHJ\S[\YLHUKSPML¹**717Numerous plans have been completed in Skidegate, ranging from Land Use Plans, Physi-JHS+L]LSVWTLU[7SHUZ HUK  H*VTWYLOLUZP]L*VTT\UP[`+L]LSVWTLU[7SHU(2005), and a Community Health Plan (2007). These plans have ranged in usefulness, breadth, and cultural relevance, as expressed by the citizens of Skidegate.0U[OLULLKMVYHJVTT\UP[`IHZLKWSHUUPUNWYVJLZZ^HZPKLU[PÄLKI`[OL:RPKL-NH[L)HUK*V\UJPS:)*HUK)HIZ:[L]LUZ*OPLM(KTPUPZ[YH[P]L6ɉJLY;OPZMVSSV^LK[OL*VTWYLOLUZP]L*VTT\UP[`+L]LSVWTLU[7SHUPU^OPJOKPKUV[YLÅLJ[[OL]HS-ues or needs of the Haida Village of Skidegate. This began a process of deep community consultation. The recognition that the community holds the wisdom and insight into the pathway forward was the impetus for completing a CCP. Skidegate desired a deeper level of community ownership and empowerment that had been lacking in previous plans. The CCP process has been led by Dana Moraes, CCP Coordinator. An Advisory Com-mittee was established early in the process to provide guidance and insight where need-ed. The community was engaged at every step of the process, with over 30 community workshop where their opinions and hopes were recorded. The Elders in Skidegate played an important role in the Gud Ga Is process as well, and were the main supporters of the process.Skidegate is a strong community that remains connected to its values, its history, and its traditional laws. There is a strong sense of togetherness. In addition to the incredible Z[YLUN[OZMV\UK^P[OPU:RPKNH[L[OLPTWHJ[ZVMVUNVPUNJVSVUPaH[PVUJVU[PU\L[VHɈLJ[the community. Poor health outcomes, loss of language and culture, rates of addiction, and unemployment are some of the challenges that currently face Skidegate. Through Gud Ga Is, Skidegate has built on the immsense sense of ownership and public partici-pation that already exists and has united their voices as one. 18IntroductionReport OutlineThis document is organized into 12 sections. Planning Approach explores the values and steps taken in the foundation of the rela-tionship. Planning Methodology describes the CCP process itself, using a salmon spawning cycle to illustrate the process.Planning Action describes the work that was done throughout the practicum, with reference to the Work Plan. The Planning Deliverables section outlines the tangible pieces of work that were created. Planning Outcomes describes these at a more meta level, with reference to the less tangible outcomes as well. Next Steps IYPLÅ`KLZJYPILZYLJVTTLUKH[PVUZMVYTV]PUNMVY^HYK^P[O[OL**7WYV-cess. *SVZPUN9LÅLJ[PVUZdescribes some of our key teachings from the practicum.The Considerations section provides thoughts for future practitioners. Who are we? describes our personal backgrounds and experiences. The Appendix section includes our body of work in its entirety.The Introduction provides context for UBC-SCARP, the CCP process in Skidegate, and this document.The Preface includes the Acknowledgements, and the Executive Summary provides an overview of this portfolio.The Conclusion ZLJ[PVUWYV]PKLZÄUHS[OV\NO[ZHUKJSVZPUNYLTHYRZ  1920Planning Approach 21The Student-Community Relationship;OLMV\UKH[PVUMVYHZ[YVUNYLSH[PVUZOPW^HZSHPKPU[OLÄYZ[`LHYVM[OLWHY[ULYZOPWIL-tween SBC and SCARP. This eased our entry into Skidegate, as our community partners were familiar with our program and our work. That said, we were outsiders, and our own relationships needed to be established.  We entered this practicum with open hearts and open minds. We have worked in First Nations and other marginalized communities both in Canada and abroad, and these experiences informed our approach. We both operate with the understanding that relationships must be the foundation of the work that we do. (JVTTP[TLU[[VYLKLÄUPUN[OLYLSH[PVUZOPWIL[^LLU[OLWSHUUPUNWYVMLZZPVUHUK-PYZ[Nations was forefront in our minds, and we took intentional steps to ensure that Skidegate drove the process in a way that was authentic and relevant to them.;OLÄYZ[Z[LWPULZ[HISPZOPUNHUKMVYTHSPaPUNV\YYLSH[PVUZOPW^P[O:)*PU]VS]LK[OLJYL-ation of a Learning Agreement which guided our approach to the practicum and to our relationship with the Haida Village of Skidegate. The Learning Agreement was created by us, in partnership with Dana Moraes. The full Work Plan can be found in the Appendix. In this document, we established the following:࠮ A Vision for Engaging with Each Other࠮ The purpose of our relationship࠮ Objectives࠮ Roles and Responsibilities࠮ Outcomes/Deliverables࠮ EvaluationPlanning ApproachThe partnership between the Skidegate Band Council (SBC) and the School of Community and Re-gional Planning (SCARP) Indigenous Community Planning (ICP) students acknowledges the impor-tance of mutual respect.This positive working relationship is based on reciprocity and transparency, nurturing a safe and inclusive learning environment for both parties. A restorative paradigm is embod-ied in the partnership, guiding the way towards the decolonization of the community planning profes-sion. The students will contribute their experience and training meaningfully to Phase Two of the SBC’s Comprehensive Community Planning (CCP) process, which is supportive of community engagement. ;OL:RPKLNH[L)HUK*V\UJPS^PSSVќLYHOLHS[O`LU]PYVUTLU[MVY[OLZ[\KLU[Z[VJVU[YPI\[L[V[OLWSHU-ning process in a culturally respectful way.Our Practicum Vision:22Our learning objectives included the following:࠮ To learn culturally relevant customs and strategies for achieving planning goals that are not widely accessible in mainstream planning education࠮ ;VZ\WWVY[[OLWSHUUPUNULLKZVM[OL:)*I`VɈLYPUN[OLPYYLZWLJ[P]LZRPSSZL[ZHUKexperience to the planning process. ࠮ To have a mutually fruitful learning experience through building relationships between the students, the SBC, and the broader Haida community. ࠮ To work mindfully together in producing a uniquely Haida Skidegate CCP. ࠮ ;VNHPUJHWHJP[`HUKJVUÄKLUJLPUWYVK\JPUNHTLHUPUNM\S**7The principles that guided our approach were also included. We worked diligently to en-sure that we honoured these principles in our work:Mutual Respect – Honouring each other in our learning journey Truth¶:OHYPUNV\Y[Y\[OZKLZWP[LMLHYVMKPɈLYLUJL"[Y\Z[PUNV\YYLSH[PVUZOPWAuthenticity – Being real in our words and actions Bravery¶-HJPUNJOHSSLUNLHUKKPɈLYLUJL^P[OPU[LNYP[`Humility – Understanding our interconnectedness to each other and the world around usLove – Showing compassion to each other Light-Heartedness – Bringing a sense of wonder and laughter to our workGratitude – Acknowledging what is sacred in our experienceAs part of the Learning Agreement, a Work Plan was established early in our relationship which established the work that we would do throughout our practicum. The Work Plan JHUILMV\UKPU(WWLUKP_;OPZ^VYR^HZN\PKLKHUKKLÄULKI`WSHUUPUNWPSSHYZ;OLoriginal 4 pillars included:CCP Process Design and DeliveryThis pillar involved reviewing Phase 1 of the CCP, and the implementation and facilitation of community engagement.Planning Approach 23CCP Analysis and Documentation;OPZWPSSHYPUJS\KLKZPNUPÄJHU[Z`U[OLZPZHUKHUHS`ZPZVM[OLKH[H[OH[^HZJVSSLJ[LKPUPhase 1 of the CCP.  This data was used to connect to core values within the community, and to inform the vision framework.ResearchThis pillar involved gathering further data about the community’s current situation, analyz-ing data that was collected in Year 1 of the CCP process, and synthesizing the two data sets. Haida Language Revitalization Plan (HLRP)The pillar entailed some work on the parallel HLRP process, including survey design and analysis.Our Work Plan was a living document in that it changed form and deliverables shifted, de-pendent on the process. This document guided the approximately 1000 hours of work that we contributed to the Gud Ga Is process.Supporting Community Planning Needs and OpportunitiesGud Ga Is Team Roles and ResponsibilitiesGud Ga Is was completed under the leadership of Dana Moraes, CCP Coordinator. Dana was in charge of the day-to-day proceedings of the Gud Ga Is process. Babs Stevens WYV]PKLKN\PKHUJLHUKZ\WWVY[^OLYLULLKLK0U[OLÄYZ[`LHYVM[OL.\KGa Is process, Janine Williams worked as the Assistant CCP Coordinator. Jessa Williams and Krystie )HIHSVZ^LYL:*(977YHJ[PJ\TZ[\KLU[ZPU1LɈ*VVR<)*0*70UZ[Y\J[VYhas also played an important role in providing technical support and guidance. The Advisory Committee (AC) was established early in the process, and met frequently to give feedback and guidance to the process where needed. Their insight was invaluable throughout the process. The AC consists of local Gud GH0Z¸JOHTWPVUZ¹^OV^PSSJHYY`the plan into the future, holding the SBC accountable over the years and through changing political climates. 24Planning Approach The Community and Elders in Skidegate also played an integral role in Gud Ga Is. They were involved at each step of the planning process. They generously shared their insights and wisdom. The CCP team aimed to facilitate a community planning process that was, and continues to be community based, community driven and part of a community owned process. The CCP team drew on a Haida approach to honour the culture and voices of the communi-ty and tried to incorporate Haida values into our process. The community was involved in each stage of the Gud Ga Is process and was empowered to participate meaningfully through community workshops and meetings including various engagement tools and ac-tivities. The engagement and participation strategies were developed in collaboration with the CCP team, the Advisory Committee, and the community itself.The following process principles were honoured when approaching the CCP process (CCP, 2014):Driven by Local Leadership: A planning Advisory Committee consisting of local community members was formed to be a guiding body for the planning process. The roles of the committee are to advise on Gud Ga Is strategies, events and activities and to be a resource for Haida knowledge, lan-guage, culture, beliefs and values to inform the plan. The AC consists of local Gud Ga Is ¸JOHTWPVUZ¹^OV^PSSJHYY`[OLWSHUPU[V[OLM\[\YLOVSKPUN[OL:)*HJJV\U[HISLV]LY[OLyears and through changing political climates. Emphasis on Public Participation: -VSSV^PUNVULVM[OL/HPKHSH^ZVM(K2`HHUHUN;SHHNHUN[VHZRÄYZ[[OLV\[JVTLZof Gud Ga Is are based primarily on the input of community members, gathered through extensive community consultation. More than 20 community meetings have been held throughout the course of the planning process, each targeting public input related to the various stages of Gud Ga Is. The community will continue to be informed of opportunities to engage with the CCP as it moves through implementation in Phase 4, and into monitor-ing and evaluation in Phase 5. Community Engagement and Participation25Action Based: In order to be achievable, Gud Ga Is is focused on action. Through phases 4 and 5, Skidegate community members were consulted extensively regarding actions that they felt were most likely to lead them to meeting the vision. Locally determined, culturally relevant actions acknowledge that no one is more aware of the paths to a healthy Skide-gate than community members themselves. Gud Ga Is can be understood as a map to success, drawn by the people of Skidegate. Empowerment Focused: Community members have the wisdom and experience to determine their own future. With this in mind, the planning team adopted an approach that empowered Skidegate community members to take control of the decisions that impact their lives today and in the future. Community members were encouraged to share their creative ideas and in-sight into their future and were empowered to honour their ancestors and their culture in the creation of Gud Ga Is.26Planning Approach 2728Planning Methodology 29Phase 1: The Gud Ga Is team is formed and the process is planned.Phase 2: Gud Ga Is is launched in the community and community engagement begins.Phase 3: A Vision, Directions, and Pathways are created by the community.Phase 4: Actions are brainstormed and prioritized. Implementation begins.Phase 5: The results are monitored and celebrated.31245Planning MethodologyA metaphor of the salmon spawning cycle was used to explain the Gud Ga Is process. ;OPZ^HZJYLH[LKPU[OLÄYZ[cycle of the Gud Ga Is process, and was drawn on more exten-sively in the second phase. “Like the salmon that the Haida peo-ple rely on, the planning process evolves in a cycle. Beginning with coming together and the formation of the Advisory Com-mittee, the plan has matured through stages of community consultation and action plan-ning. Going forward, the plan develops through the formation of implementation plans, and will age further as the process is YLÅLJ[LKVUHUK^OL[OLY^LHYLaccomplishing the goals we set V\[[VHJOPL]L¹**730Planning Methodology Phase 1 – Spawning, Getting Ready (2012/2013)A CCP team was formed to lead the process. The Community Advisory Committee was established. The Gud Ga Is process was introduced in the community. A community-based approach to planning was prepared.Phase 2 - Hatching, Discovery, Community Engagement & Communication (2012/2013)With each step forward, culturally responsive approaches to engagement and communica-tion were ensured. Planning tools were developed in preparation for the process. A partic-ipation plan was created and the planning team was trained. The Gud Ga Is process was launched in the community. Questionnaires and media tools were used to engage with the community. Community workshops, meetings, and interviews were held. Phase 3 - Journey to the Ocean, Vision, Values and Principles (2013/2014)Based on a clearer understanding of the community’s current situation, a vision for Gud Ga 0Z^HZKL]LSVWLKHUK]LYPÄLKI`[OLJVTT\UP[ `;OLN\PKPUNWYPUJPWSLZHUKWPSSHYZ^LYLPKLU[PÄLKMYVT[OLJVTT\UP[`PU[OLÄYZ[`LHYVM[OL.\KGa Is process. The Directions and 7H[O^H`Z^LYLPKLU[PÄLKIHZLKVUJVTTVU[OLTLZHUKZOHYLK]HS\LZ^P[OPU[OLJVTT\-nity. Actions were then generated to address the Directions. The community information and KH[H^HZHUHS`aLK;OLWYVJLZZ^HZKVJ\TLU[LKHUKH[LHJOZ[LWYLZ\S[ZHUKÄUKPUNZ^LYLYLWVY[LK[V[OLJVTT\UP[ `:)*Z[HɈHUK*V\UJPSPhase 4 - Swimming the Ocean Action (2014)A preliminary prioritization process of actions was completed with the community, Skidegate )HUK*V\UJPSHUK:[HɈHUK[OL(K]PZVY`*VTTP[[LL;OPZYLK\JLK[OLU\TILYVMHJ[PVUZfrom 165 to 44 short listed actions. This involved measuring actions against the Directions and thinking about why each one is important. An implementation strategy that describes OV^[VTV]LPKLHZ[VHJ[PVUPZJVTWSL[LKPUJS\KPUNKLÄUPUNHJ[PVUZPU[V[OYLL[PTLSPULZ!immediate, medium, and longterm, phasing actions, and assessing capacity needs and partnerships to carry out the strategic actions.7OHZL¶9L[\YUPUN/VTL9LÅLJ[PVU*LSLIYH[PVUHUK9LZ\S[ZThe results from Gud Ga Is will be watched. The plan will be adjusted where needed. The successes celebrated and wisdom shared about the challenges faced. New planning cycles begin from here.A summary of the 5 Phases are as follows:31A C T I O N SPAT H WAY SD I R E C T I O N SV I S I O NGud Ga Is is like a treeThis visual was used in Gud Ga Is to help explain our Vision Framework. We started with establishing a vision for the plan and for the future of Skidegate. This was followed by understanding the core values within the community which formed Directions. Pathways and Actions helped us to understand how to meet the vision.32The planning vision is roots of the plan. It is a snapshot of the future - what Skidegate will look like when the Gud Ga Is Directions are achieved. The Directions, Pathways, and Actions should all lead back to the vision.The Directions form the trunk of the plan. They represent the biggest planning objectives, determining the pathways. For example: Protect our Land and WatersLike a tree’s branches, there are numerous planning Pathways. The Pathways are like stepping stones to achieving the Gud Ga Is Direc-tions.For example: Reduce litter/pollution(J[PVUZHYL[OLSLH]LZVM[OLWSHU;OL`YLWYLZLU[ZWLJPÄJHJ[P]P[PLZprojects, or programmes to achieve Gud Ga Is Directions. For example: Host a community clean-up(CCP, 2014)Planning Methodology 33A C T I O N SPAT H WAY SD I R E C T I O N SV I S I O NGud Ga Is is like a treeThis is a snapshot of our Vision Framework as it is in the CCP. 34Planning Methodology Our unique way of seeing the world is shaped by the traditional lands and waters that we have occupied since time immemorial. The Haida way of life relies on sustaining our natural environment. Through the widespread practice of our culture and language, we are working towards greater community resilience and improving our health and wellness. We place trust in our community leaders who govern openly, helping us to build vibrant local economies, and strengthen pride in Skidegate.Pathways for Honour our Culture and Language: ࠮ Increase Community Resilience ࠮ Enhance Good Governance࠮ Foster Community Pride and Equality ࠮ Protect our Land and Waters࠮ Build a Vibrant Local Economy࠮ Celebrate our Culture and Language࠮ Promote Health and Wellness࠮ Empower our Youth࠮ Learn our Language࠮ Improve access to art࠮ Incorporate language and culture into education࠮ Improve access to the land and waterActions for Honour our Culture and Language: ࠮ Host an immersion summer camp࠮ Host storytelling evenings࠮ Certify Haida Language Teachers࠮ Start a youth mentoring program with EldersAll Directions: 3536Planning Action37This section outlines the work that we completed as dictated by our Work Plan. Our ac-complished planning activities fall within the four workplan pillars of: 1) CCP Process Design and Delivery, 2) CCP Analysis and Documentation, 3) Research, and 4) Haida language Revitalization plan. The pillars were based both on the progression of Gud Ga Is ^OLU^LÄYZ[LUNHNLK^P[O[OLWYVJLZZHUKVU[OLWYPVYP[PLZVM[OL:)*PUHJOPL]PUN[OLPYimmediate and long term planning Directions.This work totaled approximately 1000 hours between us, and was done over the course VM TVU[OZ>L^VYRLKKPSPNLU[S`[OYV\NOV\[V\Y[YPWZ[V/HPKH.^HPPHUKHSZV^OPSL^Lwere back in Vancouver. This practicum was the main focus of our work in our Master’s degree.Pillar 1: CCP Process Design and DeliveryThis body of work consisted of analyzing the Gud Ga Is work completed in Phase 1, and making recommendations on the completion of the remaining phases. Recommendations spoke to community engagement and communication strategies, as well as to facilitation techniques and approaches for ensuring meaningful, targeted public meetings for the pur-pose of moving the plan towards completion.CCP Phase 1 Review: All Phase 1 questionnaires were inventoried and reviewed to familiarize ourselves with the type of data collection that had been conducted so far. What was initially referred to as the ¸**7+YHM[¹^HZMV\UK[VILTVYLVMHJVSSLJ[PVUVMW\ISPJPUMVYTH[PVUMYVT]HYPV\ZSVJHSPlanning Action7KH+DLGD/DQJXDJH5HYLWDOL]DWLRQ3ODQ+/53ZDVLGHQWLıHGDVDTXLFNVWDUWDFWLRQLQ*XG*a Is phase one en-JDJHPHQWDQGZDVDOUHDG\LQFRPPXQLW\FRQVXOWDWLRQZKHQZHDUULYHG,WZDVWKHUHIRUHGHHPHGQHFHVVDU\IRUFRQWULEXWLRQVWRWKLVSURFHVVWREHDFFRXQWHGIRULQRXU:RUNSODQ1RWHWKDWWKH:RUN3ODQ3LOODUVZHUHQRWPHDQWWREHFRPSOHWHGVHTXHQWLDOO\EXWRYHUODSLQWLPLQJZLWKRQHDQRWKHU&&33KDVH5HYLHZIRUH[DPSOHZDVDGLUHFWSUHFXUVRUWRFRPSOHWH'DWD$QDO\VLVGHVSLWHWKHWZREHORQJLQJWRVHSDUDWHSLOODUV6LPLODUO\+/536XUYH\'HVLJQDQG&&33KDVH5HYLHZRFFXUUHGFRQFXUUHQWO\38Z[HRLOVSKLYZHZ^LSSHZZVTLWYLSPTPUHY`Z\Y]L`ÄUKPUNZHUK^HZ[O\ZYLMLYYLK[VHZ[OLCCP Interim document from then on. Communications Strategy: Coming into the Gud Ga Is process mid-way, there was already a system to public com-munication that we honoured and built upon, rather than implementing a new and un-[LZ[LKHWWYVHJO-HJLIVVRW\ISPJÅ`LYZHUK[HYNL[LKWOVULJHSSZKYVWPUZ^LYL\ZLK[Vdraw community members out to planning meetings. Implementing an element of report-PUNIHJR^HZVULHZWLJ[VMW\ISPJJVTT\UPJH[PVU[OH[^LPU[YVK\JLK:OHYPUNÄUKPUNZ(i.e., emergent CCP Directions), and increasing transparency (i.e., methodology behind arriving at CCP Directions) was one way we honoured the community’s participation in our planning events. Engagement Strategy: The Advisory Committee (AC) was consulted on approaches for engaging the community at large. Planning tools were often scaled up or down depending on feedback from Dana or the AC. Further to this, it was decided that Skidegate Haida Immersion Program (SHIP) Elders were to be consulted in every round of public consultation in order to maximize buy-in from the community. This plan was written into a strategy.Implement and Facilitate Community Engagement Activities: All planning events were designed and executed in collaboration with Dana. Primary com-munity stakeholder groups that were targeted at each round of public engagement includ-LK*V\UJPSHUK:[HɈ[OL(*,SKLYZ.LULYHS*VTT\UP[ `HUK@V\[O-VY]HYPV\ZYLHZVUZnot all of these target groups were reached in each round due to time and resource con-straints. Youth for example were only consulted once through our work (twice overall), due [VKPɉJ\S[PLZZJOLK\SPUNZLZZPVUZH[:R»HHKNHH5HH`,SLTLU[HY`:JOVVS;OLMVSSV^PUNSPZ[explains the nature of each session in some detail:1 Open House: The Open House is an annual event held in December by the Skidegate Band Council. Each department has its own table in the community hall. The Open House Planning Action 39in 2013 provided an opportunity to reconnect with the community.2 CCP Planning Advisory Committee Meetings: In the second year of the Gud Ga Is process, the AC met several times to provide insight into public engagement techniques and the overall Gud GH0ZWYVJLZZ;OL7(*VɈLYLKPUZPNO[PU[V[OL=PZPVU+PYLJ[PVUZHUKActions.1 Elder’s Luncheon: A luncheon and workshop was held at Skidegate Haida Immersion Program (SHIP). Elders provided information on issues, hopes, actions, criteria, and lan-guage use.1 Youth Workshop: A Youth Meeting was held at Sk’aadgaa Naay Elementary School to ensure that the youth voice was adequately represented in the plan. The youth shared important and creative ideas that added depth and creativity to Gud Ga Is. 4 General Community CCP Workshops: Meetings were held periodically in 2014. In the ÄYZ[`LHYVM[OL.\KGH0ZWYVJLZZKPɈLYLU[[VWPJZ^LYLMVJ\ZLKVULHJO^LLR0U[OLsecond year of Gud Ga Is, the community brainstormed actions and went through a pre-liminary prioritization process. Questionnaires were handed out at the beginning of each meeting to gather information and ideas from the community. A report back was also presented to update the community on the process, and this was followed by a world café workshop. An open meeting was held at the Haida Heritage Centre in Year 2 of the pro-cess to connect with community during the All Native Basketball tournament. 5 Band Council and Administration Meetings:4LL[PUNZZWLJPÄJHSS`MVY7YVNYHT4HUHN-ers, Administration, and the SBC to review the results from the community sessions were OLSK:[HɈHUK*V\UJPSWYV]PKLKJVU[PU\LKMLLKIHJRVUW\ISPJLUNHNLTLU[HWWYVHJOLZas well as on the process development. These meetings also served as a great venue for NH[OLYPUNTVYLKH[HHZ[OLZLPUKP]PK\HSZVM[LU^VYL[^VOH[Z"JVTT\UP[`TLTILYZHUKZ[HɈTLTILYZHUK[O\Z^LYLHISL[VZOHYL]HS\HISLPUZPNO[PU[V:RPKLNH[L40Pillar 2: CCP Analysis and DocumentationThe work consisted largely of information management, and data translation for commu-nity reporting. A rigorous process was conducted through which the strategic themes of [OL**70U[LYPT+VJ\TLU[^LYL]LYPÄLKVYYLM\[LKIHZLKVUYLSH[P]LSL]LSZVMZ\WWVY[from the data collected in previous planning phases. Much of the work in this pillar was JVUJLYULK^P[OKLÄUPUN[OLZJVWLVM[OLZLJVUK.\KGa Is document, verifying the plan-ning team’s interpretation of the community voice, and outlining next steps in the planning cycle. +LÄUL**7-YHTL^VYR!([HISLVMJVU[LU[Z^HZKL]LSVWLKPUJVUZ\S[H[PVU^P[O1LɈ*VVRHUK+HUHJOHYHJ[LYPaLKby the Vision Framework referred to earlier in this Portfolio (see “Gud GH0ZPZSPRLH;YLL¹HUKHJVOLYLU[TL[OVKVSVN `;OLKYHM[[HISLVMJVU[LU[Z^HZWYLZLU[LK[V:)*:[HɈHUKCouncil on November 22nd for feedback.Complete Data Analysis: Data analysis centred around two major phases: one that looked backwards and test-ed the defensibility of the CCP Interim Document (outlined in Value Themes / Gud Ga Is +PYLJ[PVUZHUK7H[O^H`ZILSV^"HUKVUL[OH[HKKYLZZLKUL^JVTT\UP[`PUW\[NH[OLYLKthrough Gud Ga Is Phases 2, 3, and 4. The main concern in the analysis of early Gud Ga Is KH[H^HZ[OLZ[YH[LNPJWSHUUPUNHYLHZVY¸=HS\LZ¹HZKLZJYPILKI`[OL**70U[LYPT+VJ\-ment. By contrast, data analysis of Gud Ga Is Phases 2 and 3 focused on actions (outlined in actions below). “Value” Themes / Gud Ga Is Directons: To test the extent to which the 8 Values were supported by real community input, the plan-ning team returned to primary data from Year 1 CCP surveys, questionnaires, and the CCP Interim Document. Unusable data was discarded, and those remaining were coded ac-cording to Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats codes. When the strengths Planning Action 41and weaknesses from this raw data was arranged by the Values of the CCP Interim Doc-ument, it was clear that some were strongly supported by community voice, while others SHJRLKW\ISPJZ\WWVY[¸-VVK:LJ\YP[`¹HZH=HS\LMVYL_HTWSL^HZUV[Z\WWVY[LKHZstrongly by public input, and was subsequently folded into “Honour our Culture and Lan-N\HNL¹,HJOVM[OLZ[YH[LNPJWSHUUPUNHYLHZ[OH[YLZ\S[LKMYVT[OPZWYVJLZZUV^Z\W-ported by substantial community voice - were recast into 8 Gud Ga Is Directions. Pathways: From the Strengths and Opportunities data found within each of the Gud Ga Is Directions, ZL[ZVMTLHUZVIQLJ[P]LZVY¸7H[O^H`Z¹^LYLKL[LYTPULK[VHJOPL]PUNLHJO+PYLJ[PVU¸9LK\JL3P[[LY7VSS\[PVU¹MVYL_HTWSL^HZHJSLHYJVTT\UP[`7H[O^H`[VIYPUNPUNHIV\[[OL+PYLJ[PVU¸7YV[LJ[V\Y3HUKHUK>H[LYZ¹Guiding Principles: Local leadership, public participation, action orientation, empowerment and capacity building were the principles that were pursued from the outset of the Gud Ga Is process. It is hoped that these principles will continued to be placed at the centre of the process as P[JVTWSL[LZP[ZÄYZ[J`JSL;OLWYPUJPWSLZ^LYLMVYTLKV\[VMHJVUZPKLYH[PVUVM[OLMV\Yguiding laws developed for Gud Ga Is by the Elders of Skidegate, and through visions shared by the planning team for the long-term outcomes of the plan. Meta Vision Statement: From the visioning processes completed in Gud Ga Is Phases 1 and 2, and from the exist-ing visions contributed from several stakeholder organizations, multiple planning visions Gud Ga Is Directions:࠮ Increase Community Resilience ࠮ Enhance Good Governance࠮ Foster Community Pride and ࠮ Equality Protect our Land and Waters࠮ Build a Vibrant Local Economy࠮ Celebrate our Culture and Language࠮ Promote Health and Wellness࠮ Empower our Youth42Planning Action emerged. The various visions were tentatively synthesized by the planning team upon our entry to the process in Gud Ga Is Phases 2 and 3. The tentative planning vision was then incorporated into a strategic tool to gauge community support (appendix 3). The Vision ;VVSWYLZLU[LK[V:RPKLNH[L*V\UJPSHUK:[HɈ,SKLYZNYV\WZ(*HUK[OLNLULYHSJVT-munity, displayed the working vision and asked members to circle words they approved of, cross out words they didn’t like, and to provide overall feedback. By and large, the vision was supported by the community. Small changes were made based on public opin-PVUZ\JOHZ[OLPUJVYWVYH[PVUVM¸^H[LYZ¹PU[V[OLWOYHZL¸V\YSHUKHUK^H[LYZ¹Implementation / Monitoring & Evaluation: We will not be directly engaged in the implementation and monitoring and evaluation stag-es of Phase 4 and 5 Gud Ga Is. A general guideline was produced for the plan, to assist in these phases when they are reached by Dana and the PAC. The UN-Habitat and Ecoplan International Inc. manual, “Promoting Local Economic Development through Strategic 7SHUUPUN¹^HZ\ZLKHZHIHZPZMVY[OLYLJVTTLUKH[PVUZTHKLPU[OLZLZLNTLU[Z;OLHaida Language Revitalization Plan (HLRP) was used as a project to which the strategies proposed might apply, as the HLRP is already being rolled out as a Gud Ga Is quickstart. Newsletters: Between Gud Ga Is Phases 3 and 4 - newsletters are being completed by Dana to keep [OLJVTT\UP[`\WKH[LKPU[OLWSHUUPUNWYVJLZZ,ɈVY[Z^LYLTHKL[VI\PSKJVTT\UP[`trust in the process during our engagement with the plan, and it is hoped that the same Our unique way of seeing the world is shaped by the traditional lands and waters that we have occupied since time immemorial. The Haida way of life relies on sustaining our natural environment. Through the widespread prac-tice of our culture and language, we are working towards greater community resilience and improving our health and wellness. We place trust in our com-munity leaders who govern openly, helping us to build vibrant local econo-mies, and strengthen pride in Skidegate.Gud Ga Is Vision:43levels of transparency continue through the use of periodic updates in the existing Skide-gate Band Council newsletter. Pillar 3: ResearchGiven the time constraints imposed by the predetermined practicum length, the com-munity factbook and community census were not undertaken. Population statistics for :RPKLNH[L/HPKHHYLZJHU[HUK^OLYLH]HPSHISLVM[LUJVUÅPJ[PUN0[PZZ[PSSZ\NNLZ[LKthat a community factbook be produced to address these gaps in knowledge of local demographics, but such a project should be undertaken through a participatory commu-UP[`WYVJLZZLZPLMHTPS`VYJSHUIHZLKPUMVYTH[PVUJVSSLJ[PVU(¸*VTT\UP[`*LUZ\Z¹should be carefully considered before being launched. It will be of utmost importance that the information sought through a census be currently unavailable elsewhere so as not to unduly burden community members with redundant consultation. Pillar 4: Haida Language Revitalization Plan The Haida Language Revitalization Plan (HLRP) was initiated by Dana as a Gud Ga Is quickstart, in response to overwhelming community interest in a language based project. The HLRP is lead by a partnership between the Haida Language Authority and the HLRP Advisory Committee. We assisted in the planning and execution of 2 HLRP meetings, both VM^OPJO^LYLPU[LUKLK[VJVSSLJ[JVTT\UP[`PUMVYTH[PVU[VILMLKPU[VHÄUHSWYVQLJ[WSHUSurvey Design: Having already been produced, we assisted in the administration and analysis of two /397X\LZ[PVUUHPYLZ[HYNL[PUNPUMVYTH[PVUHYV\UKL_PZ[PUNSHUN\HNLWYVÄJPLUJ`HUKVI-Z[HJSLZ[VHJOPL]PUNNYLH[LYÅ\LUJ`[OYV\NOWYHJ[PJLHUKLK\JH[PVU([OPYKX\LZ[PVUUHPYL^HZWYVK\JLKJVSSHIVYH[P]LS `IHZLKWYPTHYPS`VU+HUH»ZYLX\LZ[MVYZWLJPÄJV\[Z[HUKPUNpieces of information. This questionnaire incorporated the following components:࠮ -LLKIHJRVU]HYPV\Z]PZPVUZ[H[LTLU[ZVɈLYLKI`SHUN\HNLNYV\WZMVY[OL/397WYV-cess࠮ Feedback on four goals of the HLRP process44࠮ Feedback on 6 house-rules for HLRP meetings. Survey Analysis: Analysis of survey responses was conducted through the online survey software Survey Monkey, primarily by Dana and students employed by the Skidegate Haida Immersion Program (SHIP). This data was analyzed for trends and themes and reported back to HLRP community participants in subsequent language meetings. Integrate into CCP: A segment of the plan is reserved to highlight the HLRP as a Gud Ga Is quickstart. Dana will use this segment as an opportunity to explain HLRP process high-lights, to celebrate the implementation of Gud Ga Is actions on the ground in Skidegate. 4546Planning Deliverables47This section outlines the process and product planning deliverables that we created throughout the practicum to support the Gud Ga Is process. Each of these deliverables is PUJS\KLKPU(WWLUKP_;OPZ^VYR^HZJVTWSL[LKV]LYH TVU[OWLYPVKHUKPU]VS]LKtrips to Haida Gwaii. This summed to approximately 1000 hours of work.Community Engagement These deliverables outline the community workshops that were held throughout our practicum. Process Product and Analysis These deliverables outline the products that were created to support the process of CCP, as well as the analysis of data collected at the meetings.  ࠮ 1 Work Plan: This document outlines the work that was completed throughout the practicum.࠮ 1 Learning Agreement: This document sets a foundation for the relationship between UBC students and Skidegate Band Council.࠮ 1 Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats (SWOT) Report: This was a summary of the data that was collected in 2012/2013. The data was organized into a SWOT analysis to better understand the current situation facing Skidegate. From this report, the directions were drafted.  ࠮ 1 Interim Survey Analysis Report: ;OPZYLWVY[IYPLÅ`V\[SPULZ[OLTL[OVKVSVN`MVYHUHS`aPUN[OLZ\Y]L`KH[HKPZJ\ZZPVUVMÄUKPUNZHUKYLJVTTLUKH[PVUZ࠮ 1 CCP Table of Contents: This document provides a framework for the Comprehen-• 1 Open House• ϮĚǀŝƐŽƌLJŽŵŵŝƩĞĞDĞĞƟŶŐƐ• ϯŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJDĞĞƟŶŐƐ• ϱĚŵŝŶŝƐƚƌĂƟŽŶĂŶĚŽƵŶĐŝůDĞĞƟŶŐƐ• ϭůĚĞƌƐ>ƵŶĐŚĞŽŶ• ϭzŽƵƚŚDĞĞƟŶŐ• ϱWŚŽŶĞŽŶĨĞƌĞŶĐĞƐ• ϴtŽƌŬƐŚŽƉŐĞŶĚĂƐPlanning Deliverables48sive Community Plan. This was presented to and supported by the Skidegate Band Council.࠮ 1 Data by Direction Report: This document organizes data from the Interim CCP re-port and surveys into common themes. This report helped to inform the creation of the Directions.࠮ 4 Workshop Reports:;OLZLYLWVY[ZWYLZLU[[OLÄUKPUNZMYVT[OLTHPU^VYRZOVWZcompleted in Skidegate.࠮ 5 Powerpoint Presentations and 5 Communication Tools: Powerpoint presentations were used to report back to the community on data collected, and to update partic-ipants on process. Other communication tools were used to update community on where we were at in the process.࠮ 18 Process Tools: These tools were created to engage participants in the process. These tools range from giving feedback on the vision, to brainstorming actions, to ranking actions.࠮ 2 Posters: Posters were created to advertise for community meetings.࠮ 5 Trip Reports:-VSSV^PUNLHJO^VYRPUN[YPWH[YPWYLWVY[^HZJYLH[LK[VYLÅLJ[VU[OLactivities that were completed. This helped to inform the following trip.࠮ Gud Ga Is Comprehensive Community Plan This outlines the pieces that were created as part of the CCP. The full Gud Ga Is    document can be found in Appendix 3. Note that Gud Ga Is is a living document   so it will continue to grow and change with the community of Skidegate. The doc-  ument that is included in the appendix is the most recent draft for the CCP. The   plan will be completed shortly after the submission of this portfolio. ࠮ 1 Timeline࠮ 4 Cultural Visuals࠮ 1 Planning Vision࠮ 8 Directions ࠮ 24 Pathways࠮ 44 Short Listed Actions࠮ 1 Implementation Strategy࠮ 1 Monitoring and Evaluation StrategyPlanning Deliverables4950Planning Outcomes51In this section, we discuss the outcomes of our practicum experience. There are many facets of this practicum, some of which are measurable and some are not. This however, does not diminish the importance of each aspect of our learnings and experiences. Re-ÅLJ[PVUZ^PSSILZOHYLKPU[OLMVSSV^PUNZLJ[PVU^OPJOL_WSVYLV\YSLHYUPUNZTVYLPUKLW[OWe began this practicum with hopes of working in partnership with Skidegate to contrib-\[L[VH**7[OH[^HZHJOPL]HISLJ\S[\YHSS`YLSL]HU[HUKVUL[OH[M\SÄSSLKIV[O[OLYL-quirements of the funders and the community. When we began, we had little idea of what this would entail or how it would play out in practice. Looking back on our immense jour-ney, we see the following outcomes:CCP Process: During Year 2 of the Gud Ga Is process, we completed the remaining aspects of Phase 2, Phase 3 and most of Phase 4, as outlined in the Salmon Cycle process diagram. In the previous sections we have outlined each of the deliverables that we created to move with the community towards the completion of the CCP. Next steps will be outlined in more de-tail in a later section. From the outset of this practicum, we operated with the understand-PUNVM^VYRPUNH[[OLWHJLVM[OLJVTT\UP[`ZPUJL[OLYL^HZUV**7ZWLJPÄJM\UKPUN(Zexpected, the completion of Gud Ga Is will extend beyond our involvement, but we are LU[LYPUN[OLÄUHS7OHZLVM[OLWYVJLZZStudent-Community Partnership:The planning skills that we gained through the practicum are extensive and we celebrate the opportunity to have deepened our practice. Beyond the more technical planning skills that we developed through this practicum, we were and continue to be deeply enriched by the relationships that we formed. Our relationship with Skidegate was a fruitful one and will be elaborated on later in this Portfolio. As we worked to decolonize our practice as plan-ners, our partners Dana and Babs as well as community members and Elders were patient with us and supported us when we needed it most. This relationship led us to a deeper \UKLYZ[HUKPUNVM^OH[P[TLHUZ[V^VYRPU[OLÄLSKVM0UKPNLUV\Z*VTT\UP[`7SHUUPUNPlanning Outcomes52Planning OutcomesLearning Objectives:At the outset of our practicum, we set out to achieve three primary learning objectives: [VZ\WWVY[[OLWSHUUPUNULLKZVM[OL:)*I`VɈLYPUNV\YYLZWLJ[P]LZRPSSZL[ZHUKL_WLYP-LUJL[V[OLWSHUUPUNWYVJLZZ"[VOH]LHT\[\HSS`MY\P[M\SSLHYUPUNL_WLYPLUJL[OYV\NOI\PSK-PUNYLSH[PVUZOPWZIL[^LLUV\YZLS]LZ[OL:)*HUK[OLIYVHKLY/HPKHJVTT\UP[`"HUKto work mindfully with the Skidegate community in producing a uniquely Haida CCP.Through the practicum experience, we were able to achieve each of these objectives to varying degrees. We exercised our planning knowledge and borrowed from our lived expe-YPLUJLZMVYYPNVYV\ZHWWSPJH[PVU[OYV\NOV\[[OL`LHY6\Y^VYR^HZOPNOS`YLSH[PVUHS"P[^HZbuilt on our connections with community members, and relied on the welcoming Haida spirit in order to be achieved. Finally, although it is westernized in its strategic planning format, Gud GH0ZPZHWSHU[HPSVYLK[V[OL/HPKHJVU[L_[[OH[YLÅLJ[Z/HPKH]VPJLZPUHpure way. Cultural Immersion:The immersive nature of the year was unsettling on many occasions. Food, smells, ac-cents, language, facial expressions, hand gestures, cultural mores - everything - was new [V\Z;OLYL^LYLSLZZVUZJVU[HPULKPU[OPZKPɈLYLUJL>LSLHYULKOV^[VTHUHNLKPZ-comfort while practicing planning in ways that showed respect and integrity. We learned how to follow protocol through the development of cultural competency and diplomacy. Most importantly, the practicum’s cultural immersion gave us a better understanding of the /HPKH^VYSK]PL ^^OPJOHSSV^LK\Z[VILIL[[LYZ[L^HYKZVM[OLSVJHSPUMVYTH[PVUVɈLYLKto us. Substantive Outcomes:Gud Ga Is is the primary planning outcome. The plan is 65 pages long, accompanied by over 130 pages of appendices. One notable strength of the document is its attention to [OL.\K.H0ZLUKZVIQLJ[P]LZVY¸KPYLJ[PVUZ¹(M\SSWHNLVML_WSHUH[PVUPZVɈLYLKMVYLHJO+PYLJ[PVUJVTWYPZLKVM¸HJ[PVUWH[O^H`Z¹L_HTWSLZVMZWLJPÄJHJ[PVUZHUKHJ[PVU53categories prevalent within each Direction, and lists of community strengths and weak-nesses related to that Direction. Each of the 8 Gud Ga Is Directions (described in detail on pg.40) are derived from the thoughts and opinions of local people. The action categories most preferred by communi-ty members vary by Direction. For example, within the CCP Direction “Foster Community 7YPKLHUK,X\HSP[ `¹VMJVTT\UP[`TLTILYZVɈLYLKHJ[PVUZ[OH[YLSH[L[VWYVNYHT-TPUN:PTPSHYS `ULHYS`VM[OLHJ[PVUZVɈLYLK^P[OPU[OL.\K.H0Z+PYLJ[PVU7YV[LJ[our Land and Waters were related to programming. These Action Categories represent a tool to be utilized by council in gauging public support for certain courses of action. The great body of planning tools we produced and will leave in Skidegate is also a sig-UPÄJHU[V\[JVTLVM[OLWYHJ[PJ\TL_WLYPLUJL,HJO[VVS^HZ[HPSVYLK[VTLL[[OLZWLJPM-ic needs of the particular Skidegate community groups being engaged, and will stay in Skidegate to be used in future iterations of community planning processes. Once these tools had been used in planning sessions to solicit data, the community information re-ceived was then incorporated into comprehensive reports for reporting back to the com-munity. Each planning report contains a summary of the planning workshop held, an explanation of the tools used, the raw data drawn from community members, and a deep analysis of the data received. Four reports were generated in total: ࠮ Skidegate Band Council - February 13th ࠮ Youth Session - February 18th࠮ Open Community Session - February 20th ࠮ Elder’s Session - February 21st54Planning Outcomes5556Next Steps57This section shares recommendations for next steps within the Gud Ga Is process. Throughout our practicum, the Gud Ga Is process has proceeded from Phase 2 to Phase 4 within the Salmon Spawning Cycle. Pieces of Phase 4 remain, as well as Phase 5. Until these pieces are completed, Gud Ga Is remains a work in progress. It is our hope that the SBC will continue to support Gud GH0ZPU[OLZLÄUHSZ[LWZ[VLUZ\YL[OH[[OLJVTT\UP[`process is honoured and real results are seen on the ground in Skidegate once the plan begins to be implemented.In April 2014 a preliminary prioritization process was completed that enabled the commu-nity to move from having 165 possible actions to a shortened list of 44. Within this list of 44, both the Community and the Advisory Committee have ranked lists of these actions. :)*HUK:[HɈKVLZUV[OH]LHYHURLKSPZ[K\L[VHKPɈLYLU[MVJ\Z^P[OPU[OLHJ[P]P[ `Further prioritization is needed prior to beginning the implementation stage of Gud Ga Is. Much integrity and rigour would be added to the process with another round of prioriti-zation. Given the current context and constraints, narrowing down the short list of actions would allow the community and SBC to decide what is most important to pursue right now. :[HɈHUK*V\UJPSKL]LSVWLKHZL[VMJYP[LYPH[Vevaluate actions, such as cost, number of people ILULÄ[[PUNHUKSL]LSVMJHWHJP[`ULLKLK[VPTWSL-ment. Once a further shortened list of actions is decided upon through community process, respon-sibility falls on SBC to do further research to ad-equately evaluate the actions against this criteria. Another important set of criteria is the Directions. ,QWHJULW\DQGULJRXUZRXOGEHDGGHGWR WKH*XGGD,VSUR-FHVVZLWKDQRWKHUURXQGRISULRULWL]D-WLRQNext Steps58Ideally the top actions will address numerous Directions, instead of just one. This is a more LɈLJ[P]L^H`VMYLHSPaPUN[OL]PZPVUVM[OLJVTT\UP[`TVYLX\PJRS `HUKP[HSZVYLJVNUPa-LZOV^KLLWS`[OLMHJL[ZVM:RPKLNH[LHYLPU[LY^V]LU"L]LY`[OPUNKLWLUKZVUL]LY`[OPUNelse.6UJL[OLÄUHSWYPVYP[PaH[PVUWYVJLZZPZJVTWSL[LK0TWSLTLU[H[PVUHUK4VUP[VYPUN,]HS\-ation plans should be completed. In many ways, this is the beginning of the CCP. Recom-TLUKH[PVUZMVYWYLWHYPUN[OLZLWSHUZOH]LILLUV\[SPULKPU[OLÄUHSZLJ[PVUZVM.\KGa Is. “Implementation is where Gud Ga Is will expand its presence in Skidegate, as certain **7WH[O^H`ZHYLLU[Y\Z[LK[V*V\UJPSVYZ)HUK:[HɈHUKJVTT\UP[`TLTILYZ^OVHYLmost likely to make a great impact“ (CCP, 2014). 4VUP[VYPUNHUK,]HS\H[PVU4,LUHISLZ[OLJVTT\UP[`[VKL[LYTPUL^OL[OLY[OLKLZPYLKresults are being achieved. Gud Ga Is continues to grow and will hopefully become one guide for SBC and the wider Skidegate community in decision-making and governing. The strength of the community’s voice within this plan lends it credibility. However, this plan will only mean something if it is adopted and implemented on the ground. It is our hope that this plan continues to grow and change to remain relevant to Skidegate.  Next Steps¸;OPZ4,WHY[VM[OLWSHUPZVM[LUV]LYSVVRLKMVY]HYPV\ZYLHZVUZPUJS\KPUNlack of time and resources, but it is important for ensuring that we progress towards the vision that we worked so hard to create together. Continually asking ourselves whether our actions are contributing towards our Directions PZVULPTWVY[HU[^H`VM\UKLYZ[HUKPUNV\YWYVNYLZZ¹**75960&ORVLQJ5HÁHFWLRQV61Community Planning Context Honouring the Planning HistoryThe traditions of community and land-use planning, and public process in Haida Gwaii are as ancient as Haida culture itself. We stood in the traditional village sites and bore witness [V[OLPU[YPJHJPLZVMHZVWOPZ[PJH[LKWSHUUPUNJ\S[\YL[OH[JVSVUPaH[PVUOHZZ[PÅLK>LOH]Lbeen shown how this tradition of taking ownership of public process persists amongst Skidegate Haida today. Gud Ga Is attempts to honour a truly Haida planning approach within a contemporary planning model to be used as a tool in local governance. The CCP is a vehicle for commu-UP[`YLWYLZLU[H[PVUPU*V\UJPSJOHTILYZ,ɈVY[ZOH]LILLU[HRLU[VLUZ\YLHUHJJLZZPISLHUK[YHUZWHYLU[TL[OVKVSVN`[VTPUPTPaL[OLTHUPW\SH[PVUVM^PZKVTVɈLYLKI`TLT-bers who participated the planning sessions and to ensure that their voices are heard by Council. This process stands in stark contrast to the previous Comprehensive Community Development Plan (2005), which was completed with marginal community involvement according to the collective memory in Skidegate. Honouring Community EngagementWe have tried to honour the engagement of the Skidegate Elders through continual en-NHNLTLU[HUKYLWVY[PUNIHJRPUMVYTH[PVU[OL`VɈLYLK[OYV\NOLHJOWSHUUPUNWOHZL>Lhope that the steadfast participation of Elders in planning events, and the opening up of their spaces to host workshops is testament to their belief in the potential of the plan to impact positive community development. Throughout our involvement with Gud Ga Is, we have seen consistently high public sup-port for the planning process. We observed an increase in the attendance of respect-ed community members at planning events, indicating healthy support of the process amongst non-government power holders. Key Band Councilors have also been represent-*SVZPUN9LÅLJ[PVUZ0U[OPZZLJ[PVU^LZOHYLYLÅLJ[PVUZMYVT[OPZ7YHJ[PJ\TL_WLYPLUJL6\YWYHJ[PJ\Theld many great teachings for us and we are sure that we will only continue to under-stand them more deeply as time goes on. 62LKPUIV[O*V\UJPSHUK:[HɈTLL[PUNZHZ^LSSHZVWLUJVTT\UP[`ZLZZPVUZ.LULYH[PUNthis level of political will speaks both to the integrity of the process and to its potential for informing governance decisions and outcomes.We have tried to involve Dana and the rest of our community partners in as much of the planning methodology as possible. Though imperfect, this collaboration involved consis-tently sharing tools and ideas for meeting formats with Dana in advance of every meeting. Indeed, many tools, agendas, and approaches were improved by her knowledge. For instance, Dana’s insight was often invaluable in the scaling of the language and content of planning tools to suit the various groups that were being consulted. ChallengesDespite the high buy-in we experienced from the community, we did face some challeng-es in terms of community engagement. In Year 2, we were challenged by trying to bring adults out to our meetings. As mentioned, Elders were incredibly supportive, but the numbers of younger adults and families who came to our meetings was minimal. This may  have biased the results of the CCP. Another challenge that we faced was in the creation of the Gud Ga Is Vision. Multiple vision statements were collected and we faced challenges in trying to synthesize these multiple visions into one coherent statement. This process was not as steeped in commu-nity process as it could have been. We did the original drafting based on the data collect-ed in Year 1 of the process, and simply asked for feedback. While the feedback was over-whlemingly positive, we felt uncomfortable with the lack of involvement of the community.+H[HHUHS`ZPZ^HZKPɉJ\S[PU[OH[^LOHK[VW\SS[VNL[OLYTHU`KPɈLYLU[Z\Y]L`ZHJ[P]P[PLZand pieces of data, most of which were collected before our practicum began. Making sense and pulling meaning from this data was frustrating and confusing, and led us to feel KPZJV\YHNLKVUTHU`KH`Z(UV[OLYJOHSSLUNL^HZÄUKPUNH^H`[VOVUV\Y[OLJVTT\-nity voice while also making the data useful. This was a constant debate between us, but *SVZPUN9LÅLJ[PVU63we hope that these discussions led to a higher level of integrity in interpreting the data.(S^H`ZOH]PUNVULMVV[PUHKPɈLYLU[^VYSKWVZLK[VILJOHSSLUNPUNMVY\Z>OLUPU=HU-couver, we were thinking about Skidegate. When in Skidegate, we were thinking about Vancouver and our responsibilities there. Given that we were only in Skidegate 1/4 to 1/3 of the time, we were very dependent on Dana. Her schedule this year was incredibly busy and thus she was not able to provide us the support and presence that we sometimes needed. However, this challenged us to be creative and to take iniative in ways that per-haps we wouldn’t have otherwise.Student Context Personal ImpactsThe practicum impacted us in profound, lasting ways. The complexity we were presented ^P[OYLX\PYLK\Z[V[HJ[M\SS`UH]PNH[LKLSPJH[LYLSH[PVUZOPWZPUVYKLY[VLUZ\YL[OLM\SÄSTLU[of the Learning Agreement and completion of the CCP process. Though healthy relation-ships were protected (i.e., between us as practicum partners, and between us as individ-\HSZ^P[O+HUH[OLYL^LYLTVTLU[ZVMKPɈLYLUJL^OLUV\YHWWYVHJOLZKPɈLYLKVY^OLUV\Y]HS\LZKP]LYNLK>OLUWLYZVUHSP[PLZJVSSPKLK[OLZLJVUÅPJ[Z^LYLKLHS[^P[OHWWYVWYP-ately given the rigorous requirements of the year, though deeper healing processes were ZVTL[PTLZMVYNVUL+LIYPLÄUN^HZHUPTWVY[HU[WHY[VMV\Y^VYR[VNL[OLY>OL[OLYP[^HZthrough successes or areas for growth, we both drew lessons regarding the importance of maintaining honesty and integrity in our personal and professional relationships. Finding ^H`Z[VJVTT\UPJH[LVWLUS`HUKOVULZ[S`^HZHRL`PUV]LYJVTPUN[OLKPɈLYLUJLZ[OH[we faced. Questioning IntegrityThe integrity of the CCP process itself was questioned by one or both of us throughout [OL`LHY/VUV\YPUN[OLJVTT\UP[`]VPJL^HZVULHYLH[OH[PU]VRLKJYP[PJHSYLÅLJ[PVUHUKsometimes debate between us. “How much interpretation of community voice is appro-64WYPH[LILMVYL^LHYLUVSVUNLYOVUV\YPUN^OH[OHZILLUZHPK&¹^HZHX\LZ[PVU^LWLYPVK-PJHSS`YL[\YULK[V;OYV\NOVWLUKPZJ\ZZPVUVMZWLJPÄJKH[HJOHSSLUNLZ^L^LYLHS^H`Zcapable of reaching agreement between the two of us.CCP as a Colonial Tool>OL[OLY[OL**7WSHUUPUNWYVJLZZYLWYLZLU[LKHJVSVUPHS[VVSPUM\UKHTLU[HSJVUÅPJ[with a truly Haida planning approach was another question that was raised periodically YPNO[[OYV\NO[V[OLÄUHSOV\YZVMV\YWYHJ[PJ\T;OLPTWVZP[PVUVMZLLTPUNS`MVYT\SHPJplanning processes on First Nations throughout Canada did not always rest easy but we constantly reminded ourselves that Skidegate wanted this process, and they believed in it. Attempting to bring in a more cultured, context-dependent development of process was constantly on our minds. These conversations often returned to discussions around the potential value of CCP in Skidegate, and the importance of incrementally increasing com-munity involvement in public process. Gud Ga Is will be evaluated with consideration of the Comprehensive Community Development Plan completed in Skidegate in 2005 which had relatively scant community involvement. We constantly reminded ourselves that this is a process that Skidegate instigated and while imperfect, it is better than the previous plan *SVZPUN9LÅLJ[PVU´<RXZDQWWRFUHDWHDV\VWHPIRUGHFLF-LQJZKDWWRGRZLWKWKLVODQG%XWWKHUHLVDV\VWHPKHUHDOUHDG\,WZRUNVµand it is with near certainty and a great amount of hope that we say that next one will be even better than this one was.Practical LessonsMore practical lessons were learned about the applica-tion of planning tools and approaches. For both of us, the practicum represented a profound opportunity to ZLLHUKL_WLYPLUJLÄYZ[OHUK¸^OH[WSHUUPUNYLHSS`PZ¹Though we had both been involved in planning pro-JLZZLZILMVYLULP[OLYVM\ZOHKOHKZ\JOHUPUÅ\LU[PHShand in the design and delivery of a real planning pro-cess. It was the chance to not only exercise the lessons 65^LOHKSLHYULKMYVTPUZ[Y\J[VYZSPRL1LɈ*VVRHUK>PSS;YV\ZKHSLI\[[VHKHW[[VVSZHUKprocess phases to suit the community groups we were working with that presented the NYLH[LZ[HUKTVZ[M\SÄSSPUNSLHYUPUNVWWVY[\UP[PLZ0U[OPZZJHSPUNVM[VVSZ[OLYLSH[PVU-ships we formed throughout the year and Dana’s familiarity with her fellow Skidegate community members was invaluable. Our Practicum PartnershipOther practical lessons included the management of our own relationship as practicum partners and friends, and the importance of balance in conducting such demanding ´:HDUHQRWFRQQHFWHGWRWKHODQG:HDUHWKHODQGµÄLSK^VYR([[PTLZ^L^LYLJOHSSLUNLK[VYLZVS]LV\Yprofessional and sometimes ethical divergences, in the interest of continuing the plan and fortifying our per-sonal friendship. Our perspectives were widened by our conversations with each other and this experience would have been far less enriching without our partner-ship. The demands of extensive travel, and stressors associated with family, school, and work were real, and not always contained in their expression by their respec-tive causes. For instance, challenges with work some-times reared their head in late night CCP data coding ZLZZPVUZHUKMHTPS`JOHSSLUNLZZVTL[PTLZPUÅ\LUJLKmorale in team meetings. Having developed a true MYPLUKZOPW[OYV\NOHUPU[LUZP]L^VYRPUNWHY[ULYZOPWPUV\Y7OPSPWWPULZÄLSKZJOVVScontributed positively to our ability to navigate these troubling times with grace and under-standing. The support we provided for each other was invaluable. Staying light-hearted, and striking HIHSHUJLIL[^LLUTLU[HSZWPYP[\HSLTV[PVUHSHUKWO`ZPJHS^LSSILPUN^LYLPKLU[PÄLKHZessential tools for dealing with these challenges. Despite the ethical divergences, stress-ors, and sometimes low morale, our practicum partnership sustained us. Our ability to keep each other grounded and laugh in the most absurd times was a true testament to our relationship. Some days we bickered, some days we disagreed, but on all days, we found 66*SVZPUN9LÅLJ[PVUa way to trust each other in a deep way.Working RelationallyOur experience has taught us the tremendous value of relationship building in planning. It was basing our community relationships on humility and love that encouraged community TLTILYZ[VZWLHR^P[O\ZHZ^OVSLOLHY[LKS`HUKOVULZ[S`HZ[OL`KPK(KLÄUP[P]LTV-ment for both of us was being invited into the home of the Hereditary Chief Gitsga after HJHZ\HSS\UJOH[:/07HUK^HSR^P[OOPTVU[OL:RPKLNH[LÅH[Z.P[ZNHOHZILLU^YP[[LUabout in planning literature for his vehement opposition to the process that would even-tually lead to the formation of the Gwaii Trust under Norman Dale: “You want to create a Z`Z[LTMVYKLJPKPUN^OH[[VKV^P[O[OPZSHUK)\[[OLYLPZHZ`Z[LTOLYLHSYLHK `0[^VYRZ¹+HSL   >LOHKSLHYULK[OPZHY[PJSLPUV\YWSHUUPUNJV\YZLZHUKZV[VIL^LSJVTLKinto Gitsga’s house as emerging planners was deeply meaningful for us both. Sitting in his living room, Gitsga showed us his carvings, and talked to us about his family. Neither of \ZVɈLYLKHU`VMV\YV^UZ[VYPLZJOVVZPUN[VSPZ[LUKLLWS`PUZ[LHK>L^LYLTV]LKI`the thought that a small trust had developed between us. Seeing him present at our next community planning session was a beautiful moment for us as planners working towards a IL[[LYM\[\YLMVYV\YÄLSKOur connection with Gitsga might not have happened had we not understood the depth of history around that man and planning. All of our relationships in Skidegate were informed by a recognition of the historical impacts that planning has had in that community. We reminded ourselves of this often. We walked lightly in Skidegate, and spoke softly. We listened and asked before telling and taking. We only went where we had been invited. :[H`PUNJVNUPaHU[VMOPZ[VY `HUKYLÅL_P]LPUV\YKH`[VKH`WYHJ[PJLHSSV^LK\Z[VLUZ\YLour presence in Skidegate that was both respectful and constantly improving. Perhaps the most important aspect of honouring our relationships in Skidegate was rec-ognizing that the land is at the heart of it all. It is the basis of the Haida culture, and the 67basis of the sullied relationships between the Haida and Canada. The land provides nour-PZOTLU[LUHISPUNJVTT\UP[`HUKHY[[VILL_WYLZZLK+HUHVM[LUJVYYLJ[LK\Z"¸>LHYLnot connected to the land... We are[OLSHUK¹;VKH`TVYL[OHUL]LY[OLOLHS[OVM[YHKP-tional Haida territory is jeopardized by Canadian government. It behooves anyone working PU:RPKLNH[L[VSLHYUHUK\UKLYZ[HUK[OLPUÅ\LUJL[OH[[OLSHUKOHZVU[OL/HPKHSPMLZ[`SLand culture in order to recognize the enormity of what is at stake. Bringing Care into our WorkWe have learned the true value of self-care in doing this work. Though sometimes these ^LYL[V\NOSLZZVUZ[VSLHYUIV[OVM\ZOH]LNHPULKHKLLWHWWYLJPH[PVUMVY[OLILULÄ[ZVMa healthy body and happy heart. We recognize that the quality and content of our work is deeply impacted by the state of not only our minds, but our bodies, spirits and emotions HZ^LSS>L^PSSJHYY`SLZZVUZMVY^HYKHIV\[ÄUKPUN[PTL[VL_LYJPZL[VJOLJRPU^P[OMHTP-S `HUKJVUULJ[^P[O[OLSHUK^OLUJVUK\J[PUN^VYRPU[OLÄLSKOur Shared ResponsibilityWhat responsibilities does having completed the practicum leave us with? Our experience allowed us a deeper understanding of the ways in which colonization is continually playing out on the ground in First Nations communities. We feel a calling to bring an acknowledge-ment of the colonial present into all of our work, whether it be through recognizing colonial [VVSZ^OPSL^VYRPUNKPYLJ[S`^P[O-PYZ[5H[PVUZPUÄZOLYPLZWVSPJ`VYWPWLSPULWYVQLJ[ZMVYexample - or realizing the complicity of mainstream organizations in not addressing these issues head-on. 0UHNLULYHSZLUZL^LMLLSHZ[YVUNLYJHSS[VHZRKPɉJ\S[X\LZ[PVUZHIV\[[OL^VYR[OH[^Lare doing and how we are doing it - to never get too comfortable, whether it be with the application of a particular planning process, project, or tool. Throughout the practicum, we often reached a deeper understanding of the process and its impacts through critical YLÅLJ[PVU>LZH^[PTLHM[LY[PTLOV^X\LZ[PVUPUN[OLWYVJLZZHUKV\YWVZP[PVUZ^P[OPUP[WVZP[P]LS`HɈLJ[LK[OLV\[JVTLZVMV\YWSHUUPUN^VYR68*SVZPUN9LÅLJ[PVUMost importantly, we both feel a strong sense of responsibility to work relationally in our planning endeavours. The requirements of honest, loving relationships will often be in ten-ZPVU^P[OHJVU]LU[PVUHS\UKLYZ[HUKPUNVM¸^VYR¹=PZP[PUN^P[O,SKLYZV]LYMVVKSPZ[LUPUNto and sharing stories, and having fun while connecting with youth are all essential parts of this work. We are better planners and people for incorporating these elements into our practice. 6970Considerations71ConsiderationsScale/Scope your work.Reconciling the completion of a CCP with the time constraints of the academic year is a challenge. Scaling the practicum work to a realistic timeframe is important. Do not beat yourself up for what you cannot do. Do what you can and know that is enough.Be humble.You may think you know how things should go. You may think you have done some-thing exactly like this before. You have not. You may think that SCARP has prepared you for this experience. It has not. Humbly accept that you are a guest on this land and wait for an invitation to contribute. Prepare yourself not to know the answer all the time. Let go of your ideals and be present.Understand you are there for more than a plan. Be a person, not just a planner.Bring your whole self into this experience. Do not be afraid. Or perhaps, be afraid but KVP[HU`^H`Z*VUULJ[^P[O`V\YJVSSLHN\LZV]LYJVɈLLOHSPI\[HUKSH\NO[LY;OLZLrelationships will sustain you when nothing else can. Show yourself to the people in the Nation you work in. They will trust you. Understand that you can help, with humil-P[ `@V\OH]LNPM[Z/VUV\Y[OLTHUKÄUKH^H`[VZOHYL[OLT)LWH[PLU[;Y\Z[[OH[soon you will know what to do and how to do it. Be open. Commit yourself to rela-tionships and to healing.Be grateful.Do not forget that you do not have to be here. Your hosts did not have to invite you into their community. Colonialism is alive, and it often manifests itself in ways you would never imagine. No matter what challenges you face, do not let them overshad-ow the immense honour it is to be in that nation. Be grateful.This section is meant to provide thoughts for those who may participate in a practicum experience or similar in the future. Working on the ground with First Nations communities has so very many layers of complexity and we learned great lessons.72ConsiderationsExperience the land.Being out on the land gave us a more whole understanding of what we were there to do. Wave to everyone. Soon they will wave back, not out of confusion, but because you are related. Let yourself be guided by the beauty of the moon as it rises over this Nation’s territory.Lean into Discomfort.;OLYL^LYL[PTLZPU[OPZWYHJ[P\T^OLUV\YJOHSSLUNLZMLS[Z\ɈVJH[PUNHUKPTWVZ-sible. A great gift was our ability to laugh, and to see the forest for the trees. These KPɉJ\S[[PTLZ^PSSSLHK[VNYLH[[LHJOPUNZ3LHUPU[V[OLKPZJVTMVY[HUKILNYH[LM\Sthat you have such a profound opportunity to enrich yourself. Drink it in.Take moments to look up from the data, from the surveys, from the reports. Remem-ber what it is that you love. This practicum will be over before you know it. It is a pre-cious experience that will leave you with far greater teachings than you could  have dreamed. Force yourself to look up.Depend on your practicum partner.They may be the only person who truly understands the turmoil that is facing you. Trust them. Fight with them. Laugh with them. Say that you are sorry. Debate. Find the courage to be vulnerable with them, and take the time to know them truly. Allow yourself to forget where your work ends and theirs begins. Honour yourself within that, and honour them. This is a sacred relationship and to treat it as anything less than that is to do yourself a great disservice. Seek out cultural teachings and experiences.Say yes to everything you are invited to. Your hosts will notice. You will not regret it.7374Conclusion75Our journey in Skidegate has been an immense one, and we believe that our experience will only continue to reveal its teachings to us as we move forward as emerging communi-ty planners and humans in this world.This Project Portfolio outlined our story and our work since September 2013 with the Haida Village of Skidegate, located on Haida Gwaii. It is a shared story, one that was L_WLYPLUJLKKPɈLYLU[S`I`LHJOWLYZVUPU]VS]LK;OYV\NOHSSVM[OPZWYHJ[PJ\T»ZJVTWSL_P-[PLZZL[IHJRZHUKJVUMV\UKPUNTVTLU[ZP[OHZILLUHWLYPVKVMZPNUPÄJHU[NYV^[OMVY\Zboth. We are grateful to have had the time and space to engage with the Gud Ga Is pro-cess as meaningfully as we could. We are thankful for being invited into the community of Skidegate. We are sure that we gained far more from our experience in Skidegate than the community gained from us, and we are humbled by the teachings that were shared with us I`+HUH)HIZ[OL,SKLYZ[OL:)*HUK:[HɈHUKJVTT\UP[`TLTILYZWe hope that this Portfolio chronicles what we faced and all that we created in partnership with Skidegate. We hope that this process will carry on long after our presence is forgot-[LU>LO\TIS`YLJVNUPaL[OLZOVY[JVTPUNZHUKKPɉJ\S[PLZVM[OPZWYVJLZZHUKHJRUV^S-edge our roles in a system that continues to marginalize Indigenous people and commu-nities in Canada. We would also like to acknowledge the incredible hope that exists within Skidegate for a future that is more in line with their dreams.The Skidegate Haida persist against immense challenges, and the Gud Ga Is community planning process is but one example of the many community processes that have been completed in Skidegate since the beginning of time. We stand humbled by this long histo-ry of planning, governance, and public participation that we have caught only a glimpse of. The spirits of the Skidegate Haida are strong. We will carry the teachings that were shared with us close to our hearts as we move for-ward as emerging planners. On some days, this practicum shook the very foundations of our belief in planning as a profession, while on others we felt proud to be involved in such a planning process. Every day we were touched by the loving kindness that was shown to Conclusion76us by members of the Skidegate community. Haawa for all that you have given us. Conclusion7778Who are we?79ĂŶŝĞů/ǁĂŵĂŝƐĂƐĞĐŽŶĚLJĞĂƌDĂƐƚĞƌ Ɛ͛ĐĂŶĚŝĚĂƚĞĂƚdŚĞhŶŝǀĞƌƐŝƚLJŽĨƌŝƟƐŚŽůƵŵďŝĂ͛Ɛ^ĐŚŽŽůŽĨŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJĂŶĚZĞŐŝŽŶĂůWůĂŶŶŝŶŐ͘,ŝƐĂŶĐĞƐƚŽƌƐĂƌĞDĠƟƐ͕ƌĞĞ͕KŬŝŶĂǁĂŶ͕:ĂƉĂŶĞƐĞ͕hŬƌĂŝŶŝĂŶ͕ĂŶĚ'ĞƌŵĂŶDĞŶŶŽŶŝƚĞ͘ĂŶŝĞůƐƉĞĐŝĂůŝnjĞƐŝŶ/ŶĚŝŐĞŶŽƵƐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJWůĂŶ-ŶŝŶŐĂŶĚŝƐŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚĞĚŝŶĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJůĞĚƉůĂŶŶŝŶŐƉƌŽĐĞƐƐĞƐ͕ŐĞŶƚƌŝĮĐĂƟŽŶĂŶĚŝŶĚƵƐƚƌŝĂůĐŚĂŶŐĞŝŶƚŚĞŝŶŶĞƌͲĐŝƚLJ͕ ĂŶĚƚƌĂŶƐƉŽƌƚĂƟŽŶĞƋƵŝƚLJŝƐƐƵĞƐ͘ĂŶŝĞůŚĂƐƉĂƌƟĐŝƉĂƚĞĚŝŶŶƵŵĞƌŽƵƐĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚƉƌŽũĞĐƚƐƚŚƌŽƵŐŚŽƵƚŚŝƐŚŽŵĞƉƌŽǀ-ŝŶĐĞŽĨƌŝƟƐŚŽůƵŵďŝĂ͕ĂŶĚŝƐĂĐƟǀĞůLJŝŶǀŽůǀĞĚŝŶƐŝĂŶĂŶĂĚŝĂŶĂƌƚƐĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƟĞƐŝŶsĂŶĐŽƵǀĞƌ͘ ĂŶŝĞůŚŽůĚƐĂĂĐŚĞůŽƌŽĨƌƚƐŝŶWŚŝůŽƐŽƉŚLJĨƌŽŵƚŚĞhŶŝǀĞƌƐŝƚLJŽĨƌŝƟƐŚŽůƵŵďŝĂ͘Daniel Iwama80DĞůĂŶŝĞŝƐĂƐĞĐŽŶĚLJĞĂƌDĂƐƚĞƌ Ɛ͛ĐĂŶĚŝĚĂƚĞĂƚh Ɛ͛^ĐŚŽŽůŽĨŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJĂŶĚZĞŐŝŽŶĂůWůĂŶŶŝŶŐ͕ƐƉĞĐŝĂů-ŝnjŝŶŐŝŶ/ŶĚŝŐĞŶŽƵƐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJWůĂŶŶŝŶŐ͘,ĞƌĂŶĐĞƐ-ƚŽƌƐĂƌĞ/ƌŝƐŚĂŶĚŶŐůŝƐŚ͘DĞůĂŶŝĞŚŽůĚƐĂŶ,ŽŶŽƵƌƐĂĐŚĞůŽƌŽĨƌƚƐĚĞŐƌĞĞŝŶ/ŶƚĞƌŶĂƟŽŶĂůĚĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚ͕ƐƉĞĐŝĂůŝnjŝŶŐŝŶZƵƌĂůĂŶĚŐƌŝĐƵůƚƵƌĂůĞǀĞůŽƉŵĞŶƚĨƌŽŵƚŚĞhŶŝǀĞƌŝƐƚLJŽĨ'ƵĞůƉŚ͘,ĞƌǁŽƌŬŚĂƐĨŽĐƵƐĞĚŽŶĞĐŽŶŽŵŝĐĞŵƉŽǁĞƌŵĞŶƚ͕,/sͬ/^͕ĂŶĚĨŽŽĚƐŽǀĞƌĞŝŐŶƚLJŝŶĂƐƚĨƌŝĐĂ;<ĞŶLJĂĂŶĚdĂŶnjĂŶŝĂͿ͕^ŽƵƚŚĂƐƚƐŝĂ;ĂŵďŽĚŝĂĂŶĚƚŚĞWŚŝůŝƉƉŝŶĞƐͿ͕ĂƐƚĞƌŶƵƌŽƉĞ;<ŽƐŽǀŽĂŶĚDĂĐĞĚŽ-ŶŝĂͿ͕ĂŶĚ,ŽŶĚƵƌĂƐ͘,ĞƌŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚŝŶǁŽƌŬŝŶŐǁŝƚŚĐŽŵ-ŵƵŶŝƟĞƐďƌŽƵŐŚƚŚĞƌďĂĐŬŚŽŵĞƚŽĂŶĂĚĂǁŚĞƌĞƐŚĞŚĂƐǁŽƌŬĞĚǁŝƚŚƌĞŵŽƚĞ&ŝƌƐƚEĂƟŽŶƐĐŽŵ-ŵƵŶŝƟĞƐŝŶďŽƚŚŶŽƌƚŚǁĞƐƚĞƌŶKŶƚĂƌŝŽĂŶĚŽŶsĂŶĐŽƵǀĞƌ/ƐůĂŶĚ͕ƌŝƟƐŚŽůƵŵďŝĂĂƌŽƵŶĚůŝƚĞƌĂĐLJĂŶĚLJŽƵƚŚĐĂƉĂĐŝƚLJ͕ ĂŶĚŶŽǁĐŽŵŵƵŶŝƚLJƉůĂŶŶŝŶŐ͘ConclusionMelanie Harding8182Appendix


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