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Opening access to scholarly research Colenbrander, Hilde 2008

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April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Opening Access to Scholarly Research Hilde Colenbrander, UBC Library Heather Morrison, ELN Andrew Waller, U of C Library April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 What We’ll Be Looking At ! What is Open Access? ! Why Open Access? ! Open Access Players ! Solutions? ! Initiatives That Call For Open Access ! Who Pays for Open Access? ! Developments in Alberta ! Developments in BC ! Changing Roles for Librarians ! Is Open Access Working? ! Some Final Thoughts ! Questions? Discussion? April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 What is Open Access? ! Access to the scientific and scholarly literature that is: – Online – Free of charge [to the reader] – Free of licensing restrictions [and author retains copyright] ARL Open Access (brochure) http://www.createchange.org/resources/OpenAccess.pdf ! Focus on peer-reviewed journal articles April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 What is Open Access? ! Ideally, Open Access includes – Long term preservation – Deposit of OA works in an OA archives or repository – OA works that carry an explicit OA label April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Why Open Access? ! Authors want to reach a larger audience, retain more control over works ! Spiralling increases in journal prices for libraries 1986-2003: – serial expenditures in ARL libraries increased by 260% – CPI increased by 68% – ARL libraries’ operating expenditures increased by 84% April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Library Expenditure Trends 1986-2003 http://www.arl.org/stats/arlstat/graphs/2003/aexp03.pdf April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Open Access Players ! Scholars/Researchers ! Granting Agencies ! Publishers ! Research Libraries ! Readers April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Scholars/Researchers ! Write articles for scholarly journals ! Generally sign over copyright to the publisher ! Are funded by universities and granting agencies ! Are not paid directly for their articles ! Serve on journal editorial boards, generally without payment April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Granting Agencies ! Fund research ! Want results ! Policies for dissemination of research findings ! Influence & power April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Publishers ! Electronic journal content is licensed to libraries, but questions about ownership ! The Big Deal: electronic content is ‘bundled’ ! Mergers/acquisitions in commercial publishing world are increasing ! Mergers generally result in higher journal prices ! Huge profits over last two decades April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Research Libraries ! Budget increases far below journal price increases ! Libraries purchasing fewer journals and fewer monographs ! ‘Bundling’ means libraries lose ability to select ! Library consortia purchasing: short-term relief April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Readers ! 10-20% of US scientists –   < 25% of all reading –   75% of articles published –   employed in universities ! Substantial readership found in industry, government, national laboratories King & Tenopir: http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/26.html ! Public worldwide April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Solutions? ! Libraries as publishers ! University presses ! Author self-archiving ! Institutional repositories ! OA publishers, e.g. PLoS, BMC ! Open Source Software Solutions – ICAAP, PKP, Bioline International, D-Pubs (Cornell) April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Initiatives That Call For OA ! Budapest Open Access Initiative (Feb 2002) – http://www.soros.org/openaccess/ ! Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (June 2003) – http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/bethesda.htm ! Berlin Declaration ... (Oct 2003) – http://www.zim.mpg.de/openaccess- berlin/berlindeclaration.html April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Initiatives That Call For OA ! Wellcome Trust Report (Oct 2003) – http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/en/scipub/index.htm ! NIH Public Access Policy (Feb 2005) – http://www.nih.gov/about/publicaccess/index.htm ! Continuing CERN Action (Mar 2005) – http://threader.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/boaiforum/00/00/02/ 09a/Open_Access.pdf ! SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) – http://www.arl.org/sparc/ April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Who Pays for Open Access? ! Input fees – Granting or sponsoring agencies – Author pays – Research grants – Institutional funds – Affinity relationships ! Institutional subsidies ! Publishers grant delayed open access April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 But… ! Who should pay institutional subsidies? ! How do we safeguard library budgets? ! Controlling costs April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Is OA Publishing Financially Sustainable? ! Wellcome Trust report, April 2004 – http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/doc_WTD003185.html ! An Evidence-Based Assessment of the ‘Author’ Pays Model (Nature Web Focus, June 2004) – http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/26.html ! ALPSP Study, Spring 2005 – http://www.alpsp.org/opennacc.htm April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Commercial Publishers Respond to OA ! Reed Elsevier ! Springer ! Oxford April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Next Stops on our Whirlwind OA Tour ! Developments in Alberta and BC ! What’s the librarian’s role in this brave new world? April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Developments in Alberta ! Institutional Repositories ! Digitization Projects ! Open Access Journals (U of C Press, ICAAP) ! Synergies April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Institutional Repositories ! University of Calgary – D-Space – E-journal; theses; research group material; ”body of work”; viewlets; CARL IR project http://www.ucalgary.ca/library/dspace/ ! University of Alberta – Past planning stage, operational in 2005 April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Digitization Projects ! University of Calgary – Our Future Our Past www.ourfutureourpast.ca – Our Roots/Nos Racines www.ouroots.ca ! University of Alberta – Peel Bibliography http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/ – Alberta Folklore and Local History Collection http://folklore.library.ualberta.ca/ ! Lois Hole Digital Library April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Open Access Journals ! University of Calgary Press – All online U of C journals are OA http://www.uofcpress.com/Journals.html ! International Consortium for the Advancement of Academic Publication (ICAAP) http://www.icaap.org/ April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Synergies ! National project to transform Canadian scholarly information in social sciences and humanities into digital format ! 5 partners: UNB, U de M, U of T, U of C, SFU ! Are looking for funding, investigating models (e.g. Erudit, http://www.erudit.org/), and developing strategies April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Developments in BC ! Public Knowledge Project (Open Source Software for electronic publishing & conference management) ! Institutional Repositories ! Digital collections ! Free MARC records for open access collections April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Public Knowledge Project ! Open source software ! Open Journal Systems ! Open Conference Systems ! Used for open access around the world ! Developed at UBC ! UBC / SFU partnership http://www.pkp.ubc.ca/ April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Institutional Repositories ! Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL) Institutional Repository Project – 9 repositories, over 4,000 records – U of Toronto T-Space:  over 3,000 records – U of Saskatchewan Electronic Theses and Dissertations:  over 700 – many repositories in early development http://www.carl- abrc.ca/projects/institutional_repositories/institutional_repositori es-e.html ! CARL Metadata Harvester http://carl-abrc-oai.lib.sfu.ca:8044/ April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Institutional Repositories in B.C. ! Simon Fraser University Library – D-space – Current theses:  over 150 by June – Example:  Digital Games Research Association Conference Proceedings Summer 2005 – Coordinates CARL Metadata Harvester ! University of British Columbia Archives – Internal & scholarly communications committees ! University of Victoria – D-space project in the works: current theses April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Free Digital Collections ! University of British Columbia Archives – Historical photographs – UBC Publications http://www.library.ubc.ca/archives/ ! Simon Fraser University Library – Electronic Documents Centre http://edocs.lib.sfu.ca/ ! Union of BC Indian Chiefs (coming in May) – Photos, maps, video & audio clips April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Free Digital Collections ! Vancouver Public Library Historical Photographs http://www.vpl.ca/branches/LibrarySquare/spe/hisph oto.html ! New Westminster Public Library Heritage and Local History http://www.nwheritage.org/ ! The British Columbia Digital Library http://bcdlib.tc.ca/dlibs-bc.html April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Free MARC records for Open Access Journals ! MARC records for Open Access journal collections freely available courtesy of Simon Fraser University Library / COPPUL: http://lib-cufts.lib.sfu.ca/CUFTS/cufts2marc-list.cgi ! List and description of open access collections http://www.eln.bc.ca/view.php?id=1129 April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Changing Roles for Librarians - Now ! Open Access issues:  education – ACRL Scholarly Communications Toolkit http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlissues/scholarlycomm/scholarly communicationtoolkit/toolkit.htm ! Advising faculty on how/where to get OA journals indexed ! Encourage vendor and publisher best practices ! Promotion & awareness of resources – Web links – Add MARC records to catalogues – Reference & resource sharing awareness April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Changing Roles for Librarians – Now or Soon ! Publishing – Consortium funding of OA publishing – Software support – Publishing OA journals ! Institutional repositories – Creation – Promotion – Metadata April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Changing Roles for Librarians – Soon or Future ! Long-term preservation of OA content ! Helping design new impact measures ! Helping design better metasearch tools ! Expert searching / research librarianship ! More need for information evaluation April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Is Open Access Working? ! Many OA journals have high impact factors http://www.isinet.com/media/presentrep/acropdf/imp act-oa-journals.pdf ! Increased number of OA journals ! Commercial publishers are starting OA journals ! Much interest in and much debate about OA April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Some Final Thoughts ! Lots happening in the OA world ! Not just philosophical perspective ! Many roads to OA, many OA options ! Has had some notable success ! Shows much promise ! Is worth following and supporting in the future April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Questions?  Discussion? April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 More Resources ! Peter Suber’s Open Access Overview   http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm ! Peter Suber’s Very Brief Introduction to Open Access http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/brief.htm ! The SPARC Open Access Newsletter http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/ ! Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with E- Prints and Open Access Journals (http://info.lib.uh.edu/cwb/oab.pdf) ! Issues in Scholarly Communication (Georgia State University Library) http://www.library.gsu.edu/research/resources.asp?ldID=57&guideID= 0&resourceID=1 ! Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography http://info.lib.uh.edu/sepb/sepb.html April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 More Resources ! Bioline International http://www.bioline.org.br/ BioMedCentral http://www.biomedcentral.com/browse/journals/ ! Directory of Open Access Journals http://www.doaj.org/ ! Highwire Press  http://highwire.stanford.edu/lists/freeart.dtl ! Medknow Publications http://www.eln.bc.ca/view.php?id=1127 PubMedCentral http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/ ! Public Library of Science http://www.plos.org/ ! Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library Online) http://www.scielo.org/index.php?lang=en ! Directory of Open Access Repositories http://www.opendoar.org/ April 23, 2005 BCLA Conference 2005 Your Speakers ! Hilde Colenbrander Eresources and Reference Librarian University of British Columbia Library hilde@interchange.ubc.ca ! Heather Morrison Project Coordinator BC Electronic Library Network heatherm@eln.bc.ca ! Andrew Waller Serials Librarian University of Calgary Library waller@ucalgary.ca

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