UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Open Access Journals Support in Canada Morrison, Heather 2011

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 1 Open Aces Journals Suport in Canada Rationale Open Aces (OA) is literature that is digital, online, fre of charge, and fre of most copyright and licensing restrictions (Suber). OA is optimal for disemination of scholarly literature, particularly the per-reviewed journal article that is traditionaly given away by authors. OA is strongly suported by libraries and philosophy by most scholarly publishers. A key chalenge to making OA hapen is transitioning suport from subscriptions to open aces. The purpose of this research was twofold: to establish data indicating the curent extent of suport for open aces publishing at Canadian university preses and libraries, and to identify economic models for further transition most likely to enjoy broad-based suport. This research builds on an ARL study of journal hosting suport by ARL member libraries, a qualitative investigation of open aces publishing in Canada conducted by Kathlen Shearer, and models for transition developed by a number of initiatives, such as the Sponsoring Consortium for Open Aces Particle Physics Publishing (SCOAP3) and the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Methodology An online survey was designed to determine the level of journal hosting activity amongst Canadian university libraries and Canadian scholarly preses and to determine levels of suport for various Open Aces economic models. The survey was designed in English and then translated into French. A total of 92 requests to participate in the survey were sent out – 73 to university libraries that constituted the membership of the Canadian Research Knowledge Network as of January 2010 (to heads of colections or the university librarian) and 19 to scholarly preses (to the director or manager of the pres). Scholarly preses were considered to be al university preses in Canada and also preses operating at Canadian universities but that are not “university” preses. 3 responses were received out of a total of 92 surveys for a total response rate of 36%. Journal Hosting Results Of the 3 respondents, 5% (18/3) provide journal hosting services, with 15 of the 18 being responsible for the maintenance of their own journal hosting platform. Two sites (one library and one pres) hosted over 20 journals each. Also, 16 of the sites are hosting open aces journals, with the majority of sites hosting only open aces journals. 17 of the 18 sites have 1.5 FTE or les dedicated to hosting journals or les maintaining journal hosting services, with the mode being an FTE of betwen 0.6 and 1.0.   2 Service levels are high for technical suport amongst organizations ofering journal hosting services, with the vast majority providing “a lot of” technical suport, but suport levels are much lower when it comes to providing services for the management of the publishing workflow. Suport for Open Aces Publishing and Canadian Academic Journals Respondents were asked to indicate curent and potential suport for a range of options for suporting open aces publishing and in particular Canadian Academic Journals, with the first range of options being funded internaly by the organization, and a second set of options being funded externaly from the organization (e.g. funded by granting agencies, governments, etc). When responses indicating some level of suport (Curently Suport, Would Suport, Might Suport) are aded together, every option presented would be suported at some level by a majority of responses. The most strongly suported internaly funded options were: “have library consortia transition to a consortial purchase of open aces publishing services (e.g. SCOAP3 model)” and “comit subscription monies to create an endowment for ongoing open aces (e.g. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)”. The internaly funded options with the highest number of respondents indicating “curently suport” were “Suport Canadian academic journals through subscriptions” (19 of 3 respondents) and “Host preprints or postprints of articles in the institutional repository” (16 of 3 respondents). The most favoured model of the for externaly funding options was for “external funding agencies to extend financial suport to OA publishing”. Contributions of the research This survey presents a picture of hosting and suport services for journals at Canadian university preses and libraries which is useful for Canadian publishers loking for suport options, and wil form a basis for future comparative studies. The suport level and FTE count information is useful to journal hosting service providers. Responses to questions about economic suport for open aces indicate an overal wilingnes to consider many transitional models for open aces, as wel as the desirability of library consortial cordination. This research was intended to inform practice, and has ben presented at a meting of the Canadian Asociation of Research Library Directors (Calgary, May 2010), the Canadian Asociation of Learned Journals Anual General Meting (Montréal, June 2010), and the Berlin 2010 Open Aces Conference (Beijing, October 2010). References Hahn, K. (208). Research library publishing services: New options for university  publishing. Washington, D.C.: Asociation of Research Libraries. Retrieved June  3 20, 2010, from htp:/ww.arl.org.proxy.lib.sfu.ca/sc/models/libpublishing/index.shtml Shearer, Kathlen (2010). A review of emerging models in Canadian academic publishing. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Library. Retrieved June 17, 2010 from  htp:/blogs.ubc.ca/universitypublishing/resources Suber, Peter (2010). Open Aces overview. Retrieved January 2, 201 from htp:/ww.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm 


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