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Opening access to scholarly research Colenbrander, Hilde; Morrison, Heather; Waller, Andrew Jun 6, 2008

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Opening Access to Scholarly Research Hilde Colenbrander, UBC Library Heather Morrison, ELN Andrew Waller, U of C Library  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  What We’ll Be Looking At ! ! ! ! ! !  What is Open Access? Why Open Access? Open Access Players Solutions? Initiatives That Call For Open Access Who Pays for Open Access?  April 23, 2005  ! ! ! ! ! !  Developments in Alberta Developments in BC Changing Roles for Librarians Is Open Access Working? Some Final Thoughts Questions? Discussion?  BCLA Conference 2005  What is Open Access? !  Access to the scientific and scholarly literature that is: – – –  Online Free of charge [to the reader] Free of licensing restrictions [and author retains copyright]  ARL Open Access (brochure) http://www.createchange.org/resources/OpenAccess.pdf  !  Focus on peer-reviewed journal articles April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  What is Open Access? !  Ideally, Open Access includes – – –  Long term preservation Deposit of OA works in an OA archives or repository OA works that carry an explicit OA label  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Why Open Access? ! !  Authors want to reach a larger audience, retain more control over works Spiralling increases in journal prices for libraries 1986-2003: – – –  serial expenditures in ARL libraries increased by 260% CPI increased by 68% ARL libraries’ operating expenditures increased by 84% April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Library Expenditure Trends 1986-2003  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  http://www.arl.org/stats/arlstat/graphs/2003/aexp03.pdf  Open Access Players ! ! ! ! !  Scholars/Researchers Granting Agencies Publishers Research Libraries Readers  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Scholars/Researchers ! ! ! ! !  Write articles for scholarly journals Generally sign over copyright to the publisher Are funded by universities and granting agencies Are not paid directly for their articles Serve on journal editorial boards, generally without payment April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Granting Agencies ! ! ! !  Fund research Want results Policies for dissemination of research findings Influence & power  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Publishers ! ! ! ! !  Electronic journal content is licensed to libraries, but questions about ownership The Big Deal: electronic content is ‘bundled’ Mergers/acquisitions in commercial publishing world are increasing Mergers generally result in higher journal prices Huge profits over last two decades April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Research Libraries ! ! ! !  Budget increases far below journal price increases Libraries purchasing fewer journals and fewer monographs ‘Bundling’ means libraries lose ability to select Library consortia purchasing: short-term relief  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Readers !  10-20% of US scientists – – –  !  < 25% of all reading 75% of articles published employed in universities  Substantial readership found in industry, government, national laboratories King & Tenopir: http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/26.html  !  Public worldwide  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Solutions? ! ! ! ! ! !  Libraries as publishers University presses Author self-archiving Institutional repositories OA publishers, e.g. PLoS, BMC Open Source Software Solutions –  ICAAP, PKP, Bioline International, D-Pubs (Cornell) April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Initiatives That Call For OA !  Budapest Open Access Initiative (Feb 2002) –  !  Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (June 2003) –  !  http://www.soros.org/openaccess/  http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/bethesda.htm  Berlin Declaration ... (Oct 2003) –  http://www.zim.mpg.de/openaccessberlin/berlindeclaration.html April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Initiatives That Call For OA !  Wellcome Trust Report (Oct 2003) –  !  NIH Public Access Policy (Feb 2005) –  !  http://www.nih.gov/about/publicaccess/index.htm  Continuing CERN Action (Mar 2005) –  !  http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/en/scipub/index.htm  http://threader.ecs.soton.ac.uk/archive/boaiforum/00/00/02/ 09a/Open_Access.pdf  SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition) –  http://www.arl.org/sparc/ April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Who Pays for Open Access? !  Input fees – – – – –  ! !  Granting or sponsoring agencies Author pays Research grants Institutional funds Affinity relationships  Institutional subsidies Publishers grant delayed open access April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  But… ! ! !  Who should pay institutional subsidies? How do we safeguard library budgets? Controlling costs  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Is OA Publishing Financially Sustainable? !  Wellcome Trust report, April 2004 –  !  An Evidence-Based Assessment of the ‘Author’ Pays Model (Nature Web Focus, June 2004) –  !  http://www.wellcome.ac.uk/doc_WTD003185.html  http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/accessdebate/26.html  ALPSP Study, Spring 2005 –  http://www.alpsp.org/opennacc.htm  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Commercial Publishers Respond to OA ! ! !  Reed Elsevier Springer Oxford  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Next Stops on our Whirlwind OA Tour ! !  Developments in Alberta and BC What’s the librarian’s role in this brave new world?  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Developments in Alberta ! ! ! !  Institutional Repositories Digitization Projects Open Access Journals (U of C Press, ICAAP) Synergies  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Institutional Repositories !  University of Calgary D-Space – E-journal; theses; research group material; ”body of work”; viewlets; CARL IR project http://www.ucalgary.ca/library/dspace/ –  !  University of Alberta –  Past planning stage, operational in 2005  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Digitization Projects !  University of Calgary Our Future Our Past www.ourfutureourpast.ca – Our Roots/Nos Racines www.ouroots.ca –  !  University of Alberta Peel Bibliography http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/ – Alberta Folklore and Local History Collection http://folklore.library.ualberta.ca/ –  !  Lois Hole Digital Library April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Open Access Journals !  University of Calgary Press All online U of C journals are OA http://www.uofcpress.com/Journals.html –  !  International Consortium for the Advancement of Academic Publication (ICAAP) http://www.icaap.org/  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Synergies !  ! !  National project to transform Canadian scholarly information in social sciences and humanities into digital format 5 partners: UNB, U de M, U of T, U of C, SFU Are looking for funding, investigating models (e.g. Erudit, http://www.erudit.org/), and developing strategies April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Developments in BC !  ! ! !  Public Knowledge Project (Open Source Software for electronic publishing & conference management) Institutional Repositories Digital collections Free MARC records for open access collections  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Public Knowledge Project Open source software ! Open Journal Systems ! Open Conference Systems ! Used for open access around the world ! Developed at UBC ! UBC / SFU partnership http://www.pkp.ubc.ca/ !  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Institutional Repositories !  Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL) Institutional Repository Project – – – –  !  9 repositories, over 4,000 records U of Toronto T-Space: over 3,000 records U of Saskatchewan Electronic Theses and Dissertations: over 700 many repositories in early development  http://www.carlabrc.ca/projects/institutional_repositories/institutional_repositori es-e.html CARL Metadata Harvester http://carl-abrc-oai.lib.sfu.ca:8044/ April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Institutional Repositories in B.C. !  Simon Fraser University Library – – – –  !  University of British Columbia Archives –  !  D-space Current theses: over 150 by June Example: Digital Games Research Association Conference Proceedings Summer 2005 Coordinates CARL Metadata Harvester Internal & scholarly communications committees  University of Victoria –  D-space project in the works: current theses April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Free Digital Collections !  University of British Columbia Archives Historical photographs – UBC Publications http://www.library.ubc.ca/archives/ –  !  Simon Fraser University Library Electronic Documents Centre http://edocs.lib.sfu.ca/ –  !  Union of BC Indian Chiefs (coming in May) –  Photos, maps, video & audio clips  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Free Digital Collections !  !  !  Vancouver Public Library Historical Photographs http://www.vpl.ca/branches/LibrarySquare/spe/hisph oto.html New Westminster Public Library Heritage and Local History http://www.nwheritage.org/ The British Columbia Digital Library http://bcdlib.tc.ca/dlibs-bc.html April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Free MARC records for Open Access Journals !  !  MARC records for Open Access journal collections freely available courtesy of Simon Fraser University Library / COPPUL: http://lib-cufts.lib.sfu.ca/CUFTS/cufts2marc-list.cgi List and description of open access collections http://www.eln.bc.ca/view.php?id=1129  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Changing Roles for Librarians - Now !  Open Access issues: education ACRL Scholarly Communications Toolkit http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlissues/scholarlycomm/scholarly communicationtoolkit/toolkit.htm –  ! ! !  Advising faculty on how/where to get OA journals indexed Encourage vendor and publisher best practices Promotion & awareness of resources – – –  Web links Add MARC records to catalogues Reference & resource sharing awareness April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Changing Roles for Librarians – Now or Soon !  Publishing – – –  !  Consortium funding of OA publishing Software support Publishing OA journals  Institutional repositories – Creation – Promotion – Metadata April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Changing Roles for Librarians – Soon or Future ! ! ! ! !  Long-term preservation of OA content Helping design new impact measures Helping design better metasearch tools Expert searching / research librarianship More need for information evaluation  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Is Open Access Working? !  Many OA journals have high impact factors http://www.isinet.com/media/presentrep/acropdf/imp act-oa-journals.pdf  ! ! !  Increased number of OA journals Commercial publishers are starting OA journals Much interest in and much debate about OA  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Some Final Thoughts ! ! ! ! ! !  Lots happening in the OA world Not just philosophical perspective Many roads to OA, many OA options Has had some notable success Shows much promise Is worth following and supporting in the future  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Questions? Discussion?  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  More Resources ! ! ! ! !  !  Peter Suber’s Open Access Overview http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm Peter Suber’s Very Brief Introduction to Open Access http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/brief.htm The SPARC Open Access Newsletter http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/ Open Access Bibliography: Liberating Scholarly Literature with EPrints and Open Access Journals (http://info.lib.uh.edu/cwb/oab.pdf) Issues in Scholarly Communication (Georgia State University Library) http://www.library.gsu.edu/research/resources.asp?ldID=57&guideID= 0&resourceID=1 Scholarly Electronic Publishing Bibliography http://info.lib.uh.edu/sepb/sepb.html  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  More Resources !  ! ! !  ! ! !  Bioline International http://www.bioline.org.br/ BioMedCentral http://www.biomedcentral.com/browse/journals/ Directory of Open Access Journals http://www.doaj.org/ Highwire Press http://highwire.stanford.edu/lists/freeart.dtl Medknow Publications http://www.eln.bc.ca/view.php?id=1127 PubMedCentral http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/ Public Library of Science http://www.plos.org/ Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library Online) http://www.scielo.org/index.php?lang=en Directory of Open Access Repositories http://www.opendoar.org/ April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  Your Speakers !  !  !  Hilde Colenbrander Eresources and Reference Librarian University of British Columbia Library hilde@interchange.ubc.ca Heather Morrison Project Coordinator BC Electronic Library Network heatherm@eln.bc.ca Andrew Waller Serials Librarian University of Calgary Library waller@ucalgary.ca  April 23, 2005  BCLA Conference 2005  

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