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Place of graduation for selected health occupations - 1987 Kerluke, Kerry; Jackson, Cheryl; Kazanjian, Arminée Aug 31, 1988

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PLACE OF GRADUATIONFORSELECTED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS- 1987 -HMFlU 88 :7Health Manpower Research UnitDivision of Health Services Research and DevelopmentOffice of the Coordinator of Health SciencesThe John F. McCreary Health Sciences CentreThe University of British ColumbiaVancouver . British Columbia. Canada. V6T lZ6 August. 19BBREPORTS OF THE DIVISION OF HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENTThe following reports have been issued and are available to the public from the Division .Information on earlier reports may be obtained from the Division.HMRU SERIES :HMRU 83 :1HMRU 85 :1HMRU 86 :1HMRU 87 :1Fee Practice Medical Sen'ice Expenditures Per Capita, and Full-Time-Equivale~rPhysicians in B.C., 1981·1982 . July 1983. (M.L. Barer, P. Wong Fung)Fee Practice Medical Service Expenditures Per Capita, and Full-Time-EquivalenrPhysicians in B.C. 1979-80 to 1983·84. May 1985. (M.L. Barer, P. Wong Fung)Diagnostic Ultrasound in B.C. , 1979 to 1984. February 1986 . (C. Kinnis,M.L. Barer)Fee Practice Medical Service Expenditures per Capita, and Full-Time-EquivalenrPhysicians in B.C ., 1985-86. March 1987. (M .L. Barer, P . Wong Fung)HMRU 88 :1 (1) The Nurse Manpower Study. Volume I: Report of the Nurse Manpower Stud)'Advisory Committee . February 1988 .HMRU 88 :1(2) The Nurse Manpower Scudy . I'o!ume 11 : A Synthesis of the Nurse Manpower Det a i nBr I tish Columbia . February 1988 . (1. Pu1cins, A. Kazanj ian, K. Kerluke:)HMRU 88 :1(3) The Nurse Manpower Stud." . Volume III : Influence of the Workplace on NurseManpower Supply in British Columbia : An Exploratory Study. February 1988.(D.G. Layton)HMRU 88 :2HMRU 88 : 3HMRU 88 :4HMRU 88 :5H."tRU 88 : 6Diagnostic Ultrasound in British Columbia, 1986. March 1988 . (C. Kinnis. N .L.Barer)Social Workers in Health Care Settings in British Columbia, 1987 . A StatusReport . March 1988 . O . Pu1cins, S . Chan)ROLLCALL 87. A Status Report of Health Personnel in the Province of BritishColumbia. March 1988PRODUCTION 87 . A Status Reporr on the Production of Health and Human ServicesPersonnel in the Province of British Columbia . March 1988Supply of and Requirements for Academic Medical Manpower in British Columb~a .May 1988 . (M.L. Barer. A. Kazanjian, N. Pagliccia)PRODUCTION REPORTS:P:6 PRODUCTION 83 . A Starus Reporr on the Production of Health and Human servzc esPersonnel in the Province of British Columbia . March 1984.P:7 PRODUCTION 85. A Status Report on the Production of Health and Human ServicesPersonnel in the Province of British Columbia . March 1986 .ROLLCALL REPORTS:R:20 ROLLCALL UPDATE 82. A Starus Report of Selected Health Personnel in theProvince of British Columbia . March 1983.R:21 Licensed Practical Nurses in British Columbia, 1975·1982 . A DescriptiveReport. March 1983. (5. Jansen, S . Chan)R:22 Place of Graduation for Selected Health Occupations - 1982. August 1983.(5 . Chan, C. Jackson)R:23 ROLLCALL 83. A Status Report of Health Personnel in the Province of Britis~Columbia. March 1984 .R:24 Place of Graduation for Selected Health Occupations - 1983 . June 1984 .(5 . Chan, C. Jackson)Reports prior to 1983 not listed . Most are available on request .ROLLCALL REPORTS (continued)R:25 Pharmacists in British Columbia, 1975-1983. A Descriptive Report. February1985. (C. Jackson, S. Chan, M. Barer)R:26 ROLLCALL UPDATE 84. A Status Report of Selected Health Personnel in BritishColumbia, and an Analysis of Trends, 1974-84. April 1985.R:27 Dentists, Dental Hygienists and Certified Dental Assistants in BritishColumbia, 1974-1984. A Descriptive Report. April 1985. (R. Gupta, G. Wong.M. Barer, A. Kazanjian)R:28 ROLLCALL 85. A Status Report of Health Personnel in the Province of BritishColumbia. March 1986.R:29 Place of Graduation for Selected Health Occupations, 1985. May 1986.(V. Lee, C. Jackson)R:30 Registered Psychiatric Nurses in British Columbia, 1985. A Status Report.October 1986. (C. Kinnis)R:31 ROLLCALL UPDATE 86. A Status Report of Selected Health Personnel in theProvince of British Columbia. March 1987.SPECIAL REPORTS:S:14 Referral Patterns, Fu11-Time-Equiva1ents and the 'Effective' Supply ofPhysician Services in British Columbia. November 1983. (M.L. Barer,P. Wong Fung, D. Hsu)S:15 Refining the Need for Post-Basic Instructional Programs for Registered Nursesand Suggestions for the Provision of Learning Opportunities - A DiscussionPaper. June 1984. (A.J. Stark, C.W. Kinnis)S:16 Nurse Requirements in British Columbia: An Analysis of the 1979-82 Trends.Part I: Hethods and Preliminary Findings. September 1984. (A. Kazanjian,S. Chan)S:17 Lifestyles, Linkages and Liabilities: Theory and Evidence Justifying EconomicIncentives for Healthier Lifestyles. November 1984. (M.L. Barer, R.G. Evans,G.L. Stoddart, R. Labelle, J. Fulton)5:18 Life-Cycle Activity Patterns of Registered Nurses i n British Columbia:Forecasting Future Supp1v and Professional Life Expectancy. January 1985.(A. Kazanjian, K. Brothers. G. Wong)S:19 Tobacco Taxes and Health Care Costs: Do Canadian Smokers Pay Their Way?April 1985. (G.L. Stoddart, R.J. Labelle, M.L. Barer, R.G. Evans)S:20 Life Cycle Activity Patterns of Physicians. February 1986. (M.L. Barer,R. Gupta, M. Kruger)S:21 Specialty and Practice Location Decisions of Physicians Entering Postgradua teTraining in British Columbia, 1974 to 1978. May 1986. (M. Barer, C. Kinnis.S. Chan)S:22 Nurse Requirements in British Columbia: 1979-1982 Trends. Part II : NurseEducators (Academic) - Preliminary Findings. September 1986. (A. Kazanji an.S. Chan)S:23 Dental Hygienists in British Columbia. 1985: A Survey of Demographic,Educational and Career Patterns. February 1987 . ( 1. Pu1cins, V. Lee)S:24 Difficult-to-Fill l'acan'ies in the Health Care Field, British Columbia, 1980­1986. June 1987. (C. Kinnds )Division of Health Services Research and DevelopmentOffice of the Coordinator of Health SciencesThe John F. HcCreary Health Sciences Centre400 - 2194 Health Sciences HallThe University of British ColumbiaVancouver. B. C.. Canada1'6T 1Z6PLACE OF GRADUATIONFORSELECTED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS - 1987HMRU 88:7Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnitDivision of Health Services Research and DevelopmentOffice of the Coordinator of Health SciencesThe John F. McCreary Health Sciences CentreThe University of British ColumbiaVancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6T lZ6Kerry KerlukeCheryl JacksonArminee KazanjianAugust, 1988This document is one of a series describing the distributionof health human resources in the Province of BritishColumbia . These reports, prepared for the Health ManpowerWorking Group of the Ministry of Health, are workingdocuments and comments or suggestions are welcome .THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIAHealth Manpower Research UnitDivision of Health ServicesResearch and Development,400-2194 Health SCiences MallVancouver, H.C. Canada V6T IZ6Telephone (604) 228-4810Fax (604) 228-2495August 11, 1988Dr . Stephen GrayActing ChairmanHealth Manpower Working GroupPolicy, Planning and LegislationMinistry of Health1515 Blanshard StreetVictoria, B.C .V8W 3C8Dear Dr . Gray:It is with great pleasure that we transmit to you and members of theHealth Manpower Working Group, the ninth edition of our Place ofGraduation series derived from the same cooperative database as ROLLCALL87. Place of Graduation 1987 provides an analysis by province or countryof graduation for ten selected health occupations .This edition is a slightly expanded version of its predecessors andcontains more detail, such as a graphic presentation for each group, aswell as new information. Data for three groups, Occupational Therapists,Psychologists, and Registered Psychiatric Nurses appear for the firsttime in this series. In addition, a new section, Analysis of Trends,1977-87, provides a brief historical perspective on training of healthmanpower in the province.As usual, we look forward to suggestions and comments from theHealth Manpower Working Group, as well as from other users of thisreport.Yours sincerely,Arminee Kazanjian, Dr.SocAssociate DirectorDivision of Health ServicesResearch and DevelopmentA Researc h Unit ior the Health Manpower Work ing C roup , Mini<try of l-\ ~.Ith . Ilnrish Columb -aiTABLE OF CONTENTSList of TablesList of FiguresIntroductionDefinitionsSummary 1987 and Trends 1977-1987:I . Summary TableII. Analysis of Trends, 1977-87Health Groups:Certified Dental AssistantsDental HygienistsDentistsLicensed Practical NursesOccupational TherapistsPharmacistsPhysiciansPsychologistsRegistered NursesRegistered Psychiatric NursesPagei iiv1251121273339455157677386NumberLIST OF TABLESPagei i1 Number and Percentage Distribution of Selected HealthPersonnel in British Columbia by Place of Graduation byRegional Hospital District for the year 1987 72a Active Personnel; Number and Percentage Distribution ofB.C. Graduates for Selected Health Personnel in BritishColumbia, 1977 to 1987 152b Active Personnel; Number Graduating from B.C. Programs andProduction Index for Selected Health Personnel in BritishColumbia, 1977 to 1987 173 Number and Percentage Distribution of Certified DentalAssistants in British Columbia by Place of Graduation byRegional Hospital District, as of September 1987 234 Number and Percentage Distribution of Licensed DentalHygienists in British Columbia by Place of Graduation byRegional Hospital District, as of September 1987 295 Number and Percentage Distribution of Licensed Dentistsin British Columbia by Place of Graduation by RegionalHospital District, as of September 1987 356 Number and Percentage Distribution of Licensed PracticalNurses in British Columbia by Place of Graduation byRegional Hospital District, as of September 1987 417891011Number and Percentage Distribution of OccupationalTherapists (Members) in British Columbia by Place ofGraduation by Regional Hospital District, as of October1987Number and Percentage Distribution of Pharmacists inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation by RegionalHospital District, as of December 1987Number and Percentage Distribution of Directory ActivePhysicians in British Columbia by Place of Graduation byRegional Hospital District, as of September 1987Number and Percentage Distribution of Non-Postgraduate,Directory Active, Physicians in British Columbia byPlace of Graduation by Regional Hospital District, as ofSeptember 1987Number and Percentage Distribution of RegisteredPsychologists in British Columbia by Place of Graduationby Regional Hospital District, as of December 19874753606369iii121314151617Number and Percentage Distribution of Registered Nursesin British Columbia by Place of Graduation by RegionalHospital District, as of June 1987Number and Percentage Distribution of PractisingRegistered Nurses Employed in Nursing in BritishColumbia by Place of Graduation by Regional HospitalDistrict, as of June 1987Number and Percentage Distribution of Non-PractisingRegistered Nurses in British Columbia by Place ofGraduation by Regional Hospital District, as ofJune 1987Number and Percentage Distribution of RegisteredPsychiatric Nurses in British Columbia by Place ofGraduation by Regional Hospital District, as ofOctober 1987Number and Percentage Distribution of Active RegisteredPsychiatric Nurses in British Columbia by Place ofGraduation by Regional Hospital District, as of October1987Number and Percentage Distribution of Inactive RegisteredPsychiatric Nurses in British Columbia by Place ofGraduation by Regional Hospital District, as of October1987767982899193NumberLIST OF FIGURESPagei v1 Percentage Distribution of Selected Health Personnel inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation for the Year1987 62a Percentage Disbribution of B.C . Graduates for SelectedHealth Personnel in British Columbia, 1977 and 1987 142b Production Index for Selected Health Personnel in BritishColumbia, 1977 and 1987 163 Percentage Distribution of Certified Dental Assistantsin British Columbia by Place of Graduation, as ofSeptember 1987 224 Percentage Distribution of Dental Hygienists in BritishColumbia by Place of Graduation , as of September 1987 285 Percentage Distribution of Licensed Dentists in BritishColumbia by Place of Graduation, as of September 1987 346 Percentage Distribution of Licensed Practical Nurses inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation, as ofSeptember 1987 407 Percentage Distribution of Occupational Therapists(Members) in British Columbia by Place of Graduation,as of October 1987 468 Percentage Distribution of Pharmacists in British Columbiaby Place of Graduation, as of December 1987 529 Percentage Distribution of Directory Active Physicians inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation, as of September1987 5910 Percentage Distribution of Non-Postgraduate Physicians inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation, as of September1987 6211 Percentage Distribution of Registered Psychologists inBritish Columbia by Place of Graduation, as of December1987 6812 Percentage Distribution of Registered Nurses in BritishColumbia by Place of Graduation, as of June 1987 7513 Percentage Distribution of Practising Registered NursesEmployed in Nursing in British Columbia by Place ofGraduation, as of June 1987 78v14 Percentage Distribution of Non-Practising RegisteredNurse in British Columbia by Place of Graduation, as ofJune 1987 8115 Percentage Distribution of Registered Psychiatric Nursesin British Columbia by Place of Graduation, as of October1987 8816 Percentage Distribution of Active Registered PsychiatricNurses in British Columbia by Place of Graduation, as ofOctober 1987 9017 Percentage Distribution of Inactive Registered PsychiatricNurses in British Columbia by Place of Graduation, as ofOctober 1987 92INTRODUCTIONThis report is the ninth of its kind reporting the place ofgraduation for selected health occupations in British Columbia. Thechoice of groups for the present report is restricted to "licensed" or"registered" professions in this province for which updated data areavailable, and place of graduation of members is known. In all cases,the total number of licensed or registered professionals, as of the dateof record, is given. Three groups appear in this report for the firsttime: Registered Psychiatric Nurses, Psychologists and OccupationalTherapists. The latter is the only group presented here for whichregistration is not mandatory, but regulation exists in the form ofexclusive use of statutory title .In some cases, however, because place of graduation is collected bymeans of a survey questionnaire , this information may not be completeand therefore "unknowns " for place of graduation may appear . With theexception of Licensed Practical Nurses and Occupational Therapists thisnumber is insignificant and represents less than one percent of theprofession concerned. Physiotherapists do not appear in this year'spublication due to some data inconsistencies and the large number ofunknowns.Data presented in this report should not be interpreted asimmigration indicators . Non-Canadian subtotals simply indicate thenumber of persons who have received training outside Canada. Includedin these figures are those Canadians who have received such training andsubsequently returned to Canada to practice their professions.12DEFINITIONSREGIONAL HOSPITAL DISTRICT refers to the British Columbia RegionalHospital District in which the health worker resides.GREATER VANCOUVER refers to the Greater Vancouver Regional HospitalDistrict which includes Vancouver, Burnaby, New Westminster, NorthVancouver, West Vancouver, Delta, Richmond, Surrey, Coquitlam, PortCoquitlam, Port Moody, White Rock and Bowen Island.CAPITAL refers to the Capital Regional Hospital District which includesVictoria, Sooke, Sidney and Saanich, as well as a number of smallersurrounding areas .OTHER B.C. refers to the other 27 Regional Hospital Districts in theprovince.PLACE OF GRADUATION refers to the country or province where the healthworker received basic professional qualifications, as reported tohis/her Association or licensing body. For psychologists, place ofgraduation refers to province or country of most recentqualification.OTHER DEFINITIONS which pertain only to a specific manpower group arecontained within the comments on that specific group.ACTIVE refers to : 1. active registrants for groups which haveregistration and licensing requirements, these mayor may not bemandatory; 2. active members for groups which do not have formalregistration requirements and for which provincial associationsusually specify membership criteria and categories, these compriseat least the two levels , active/inactive.SUMMARY 1987, AND TRENDS 1977-1987SUMMARY 1987, AND TRENDS 1977-1987I. Summary TableTable 1 shows place of graduation by regional hospital district ofresidence, for all health workers (49,691) included in this report. Forthe ten professional groups included, 51.6 percent are graduates ofBritish Columbia programs. B.C . graduates constitute 61 .7 percent of allCanadian graduates practising in the province, while Canadian graduatesaccount for 83.7 percent of the total . Of the 16.4 percent who aregraduates of non-Canadian programs, slightly less than half (44 .6%) weretrained in the United Kingdom. Figure 1 shows these distributions indetail .Place of graduation is unknown for less than one percent of theselected health workers for 1987.Due to the addition of Occupational Therapists, Psychologists andRegistered Psychiatric Nurses in this report, the summary table depictsPlace of Graduation distribution for ten health personnel groups. Datafrom the 1985 report, which included Physiotherapists, depict thedistribution for eight health personnel groups. The summary tables from1985 and 1987 are, therefore , not directly comparable. However, sevengroups appear in both reports: Certified Dental Assistants; DentalHygienists; Dentists; Licensed Practical Nurses; Registered Nurses;Pharmacists; and Physicians .In comparing 1987 data for these seven groups with data from 1985,we find that the total number of health personnel has increased from44,709 in 1985 to 46,108 in 1987 (these data are not shown here but areavailable upon request) . B.C. graduates constitute 60.7 percent of allCanadian graduates practising in the province, while Canadian graduatesaccount for 84.2 percent of the total for 1987. These numbers were 59.7percent and 83 .6 percent, respectively, for 1985 (1987 figures increasedonly slightly) . For the seven health personnel groups included, 51 .1percent are British Columbian graduates, this percentage is up from 49.9percent in 1985.Non-Canadian graduates, as a group , comprise 15.8 percent of thetotal (compared to 16.4% in 1985). Of all non-Canadian graduates, 42.7percent are from the United Kingdom, the same as in 1985 .56Figure 1:Percentage Distribution of Selected Health Personnel*(N=49,691) in British Columbia by Place of Graduation1987Unknown IOceania ~Africa IAsia ~Europe~South America INorth & Central America ~Non-Canadian Subtotal..Canadian SubtotalAtlantic Region ~Quebec ~Ontario~Manitoba ~Saskatchewan ~Alberta~British Columbia _='7777;'77».77771'7777;=77771='7777;=IoI20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100• Includes : Cert if ied Oentel Alliatenta. O.ntel Hygienists. DentiSts.L1cens.d Prectlcel Nur•••• Occupetlonel Thereplet •• Pherm.cleta.Physiciens. Psychologists. Registered Nurses end Regiet.redP.ychletrlc Nursea .Prepared by:Heelth Menpower Re.eerch UnitThe Unlver.lty of British ColumbleTable t Number and Percentage Dtstrlbutton of Selected Health Personnel'tn Brittsh Columbta by Place of GradUatton by Regtonal Hospttal Dtstrtct1987Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B .C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadtan SUbtotal 19,991 80 .23 4,976 86.10 18,589 87,38 41,566 83 .65Canada (Province unstated) 2 . 0 1 0 .00 1 .01 3 .01Newfoundland 16i . 6 5 39 .67 96 . 5 1 296 '. 60Prince Edward Island 27 . 11 8 .14 36 . 19 71 .14Nova Scotia 361 1.45 102 1.77 266 1.40 729 1.47New Brunswick i29 .52 30 .52 113 . 59 272 .55Quebec 856 3.44 155 2.68 330 1. 74 1.341 2.70Ontario 2,424 9 .73 640 i 1 .07 1,635 8.61 4,699 9.46Manitoba 1,099 4.41 287 4.97 814 4.29 2.200 4.43Saskatchewan 787 3 .16 251 4 .34 1 .021 5 .37 2.059 4 .14Alberta 1,692 6 .79 572 9.90 1.975 10.40 4,239 8.53British Columbia 12,447 49 .96 2.889 49.99 10 ,295 54.20 25,631 51.58Yukon 6 .02 3 . 0 5 15 .08 24 .05Northwest Territories 0 .00 0 .00 2 . 0 1 2 . 00Non-Canadtan SUbtotal' 4,925 19.77 803 13 .90 2 ,397 12 .82 8,125 18.35N. & Central America Subtotal 637 2 .56 132 2 .28 477 2.51 1,246 2.51Bermuda 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 0 1 1 .00Mexico 9 .04 0 .00 4 .02 13 .03United States 607 2 .44 128 2.21 463 2.44 1,198 2.41Bahamas 1 .00 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .00Barbados 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .01 1 . 00Cuba 1 .00 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 00Belize (Honduras, Brit ish) 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .01 1 . 00Jamaica 16 .06 3 . 0 5 5 . 0 3 24 .05St . Lucia 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 0 1 1 .00St . Vincent 1 . 00 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 00Trinidad and Tobago 1 .00 1 . 0 2 1 . 0 1 3 . 0 1West Indies 1 . 00 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .00South America SUbtotal 30 .12 5 . 0 9 4 . 0 2 39 . 0 8Argentina 8 .03 0 .00 1 .01 9 . 0 2BoliVia 0 .00 1 . 0 2 0 . 00 1 . 00Brazi 1 3 . 0 1 0 .00 0 . 00 3 . 0 1Chi le 11 .04 1 .02 0 . 00 12 .02Colombia 3 .01 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 . 0 1Guyana 2 .01 1 .02 1 .01 4 .01Paraguay 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 0 1 1 . 00Peru 3 . 0 1 1 .02 0 . 00 4 .01Uruguay 0 . 00 1 ~ 02 1 . 0 1 2 .00. . .. . cont inued .......Table 1 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Selected Health Personnel ' 0)(Contfnued)tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal Dtstrtct1987Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduat10n Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent· Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Europe Subtotal 2 ,419 9.71 529 9 .15 i .394 7 .34 4.342 8 .74Austria 16 . 06 2 . 0 3 6 . 0 3 24 . 0 5Belgium 3 .01 1 . 0 2 3 .02 7 . 0 1Czechoslovakia 33 . 13 1 . 0 2 8 . 0 4 42 .08Denmark 18 .07 2 . 0 3 18 . 09 38 . 0 8East Germany 1 . 00 1 .02 2 .01 4 . 0 1Finland 8 . 0 3 0 . 00 6 . 0 3 14 .03France 10 . 0 4 0 . 00 3 . 0 2 13 . 0 3Greece 9 . 0 4 1 . 0 2 0 . 00 10 . 0 2Hungary 11 .04 2 . 0 3 8 . 0 4 21 . 04Iceland 0 .00 0 .00 1 .01 1 .00Irish Republic (Eire) 99 .40 11 . 19 65 .34 175 . 35Italy 9 . 0 4 1 . 0 2 1 .01 11 . 0 2Malta 1 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 2 .00Netherlands 57 . 23 12 .21 53 .28 122 . 25Norway 4 .02 0 . 00 5 . 0 3 9 .02Poland 23 .09 0 . 00 4 .02 27 .05Portugal 3 . 0 1 1 . 0 2 0 . 00 4 .0 1Romania 2 . 0 1 0 . 00 2 . 0 1 4 .01Spain 6 .02 1 .02 2 .01 9 .02Sweden 15 . 0 6 0 . 00 9 . 0 5 24 . 0 5Switzerland 11 . 0 4 1 .02 6 .0 3 18 . 0 4United Kingdom 1.994 8.00 487 8 .43 i ,145 6 .03 3.626 7.30USSR (Russia) 2 .01 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 00Wes t Germany 26 . 10 3 . 0 5 15 . 0 8 44 . 0 9Yugoslavia 19 .08 0 .00 1 .01 20 . 0 4Germany (East or West)' 39 . 16 2 . 0 3 30 .16 71 . i4Asia Subtotal 1,314 5.27 67 1. 16 201 1.06 1.582 3 .18Burma 2 . 0 1 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 2 . 00Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 5 .02 0 .00 1 .01 6 . 0 1China 20 .08 4 . 0 7 2 . 0 1 26 . 0 5Taiwan (Formosa) 41 .16 1 .02 6 . 0 3 48 . 10Hong Kong 259 1.04 7 . 12 15 . 0 8 281 . 57India 76 . 3 1 10 . 17 49 . 26 135 . 27Indonesia 1 . 00 0 . 00 0 .00 1 .00Iran 10 .04 3 . 0 5 1 . 0 1 14 .03Iraq 4 . 0 2 0 . 00 0 .00 4 .01Israel 8 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 . 00 B . 0 2Japan 13 .05 2 . 0 3 1 .01 16 . 0 3Lebanon 3 . 0 1 0 . 00 1 .01 4 . 01Macao 1 . 00 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 00Malaysia 16 .06 1 . 0 2 3 .02 20 .04.. . . . contfnuedTable t(Continued)Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Selected Health Personnel'fn Brftfsh Columbfa by Place of Graduatfon by Regfonal Hospttal Dtstrfct1987Regional Hosp ital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Pakistan iO .04 i .02 2 .Oi 13 . 0 3Philippines 746 2 .99 36 .62 i09 .57 891 1. 79Saudi Arabia 21 .08 0 . 00 0 .00 21 .04Singapore 25 .10 1 .02 6 . 0 3 32 .06Korea . South i4 . 0 6 1 .02 4 . 0 2 19 . 0 4Syria 2 .Oi 0 .00 0 .00 2 .00Thailand 1 . 00 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .00Turkey 4 .02 0 .00 0 .00 4 .01Vietnam. North 2 . 0 1 0 .00 0 .00 2 .00Vietnam, South . 3 . 0 1 0 .00 0 .00 3 .01Korea (North or South)- 27 . 11 0 .00 1 .01 28 .06Africa Subtotal 142 . 57 18 .31 65 .34 225 .45Ghana 0 .00 0 .00 2 . 0 1 2 . 00Kenya 11 . 0 4 0 .00 0 . 00 11 .02Nigeria 3 . 0 1 0 . 00 2 .01 5 . 0 1Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) 3 . 0 1 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 4 . 0 1South Africa 101 .41 16 .28 51 .27 168 . 3 4Uganda 6 .02 0 .00 4 . 0 2 10 . 0 2Arab Rep. of Egypt(U.A.R.) 17 .07 2 .03 5 .03 24 .05Africa (Other) 1 . 00 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .00Oceania SUbtotal 296 1. ts 37 .64 170 . 89 503 1.01Australia 159 . 6 4 18 .31 100 . 53 277 . 56New Zealand i20 .48 i9 . 33 70 .37 209 . 42F i j i 14 . 0 6 0 .00 0 .00 14 .03Mauritius 1 .00 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .00Other (Oceania) 2 . 0 1 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 00Unknown Subtotal 87 . 35 i5 . 26 86 .45 188 . 38Total 24,918 100.00 5,779 100.00 18,998 100.00 49,891 100.00I Includes : Certified Dental Assistants, Dental Hygienists. Dentists.Licensed Practical Nurses. Occupational Therapists. Pharmacists,Physicians. Psychologists. Registered Nurses and Registered Psychiatric, Percentages may not add due to rounding ., Includes unknowns.- Not specified .p,.epa"ed by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British ColumbiaNurses .\0II. Analysis of Trends. 1977 - 1987IntroductionThe first issue of Place of Graduation appeared in 1975, andcontained data on ten health occupations. Since 1975, this report hasbeen produced biennially and the number of occupations included wasrestricted to "licensed" or "registered" profess ions in the province forwhich place of graduation is known1 . Consistently, since 1977, sevensuch occupations have been included in the report: Certified DentalAssistants; Dental Hygienists; Dentists ; Licensed Practical Nurses;Registered Nurses; Pharmacists; and Physicians .This year, we have included in this section of the report, ananalysis of trends, 1977-87, for these seven selected occupations. Theanalysis of trends is based on the percentage distribution of B.C .graduates only from 1977 to 1987 for the aforementioned groups.General TrendsFigure 2a graphically depicts the relative proportions of B.C.graduates in each group, for 1977 and 1987. The data indicate anincrease in t he proportion of B.C. graduates for all but one group.Certified dental assistants show a slight decrease (96.7% to 92 .6%).Dentists show the greatest increase in the relative proportion of B.C.graduates; whereas in 1977 only 16 percent of this group were graduatesof the B.C. program, by 1987 30.9 percent of current stock were B.C.graduates, almost double the earlier figure. Physicians and licensedpractical nurses also show significant increases over time in theproportion of B.C . graduates .Table 2a shows that, historically , B.C. produces relatively morecertified dental assistants, pharmacists and licensed practical nursesthan any other health personnel included in this study. The smallestproportions of B.C. graduates have been in the fields of Dentistry andMedicine . Although the latter two groups have increased significantly inabsolute numbers in the ten-year period, they continue to have thesmallest proportion of B.C. graduates.Findings By Health Occupation1. Certified Dental Assistants (CDAs)Certified dental assistants almost quadrupled their relativenumbers , from 880 in 1977 to 2,997 in 1987. However, the percentage oflWhile many of B.C .'s statutes refer to " r egi s t r a t i on " , licensure orcertification is clearly intended . Licensure is defined as the exclusiveright to practice in a particular field; certification is defined asexclusive use of statutory title but no exclusive right to practice in aparticular field.1112B.C. graduates has been stable at over 90 percent throughout that period(see Table 2a). Table 2b provides the obverse side of that picture. TheProduction Index indicates the number of personnel for every new graduatein B.C . A large figure indicates a small number of B.C. graduatesrelative to the number of active personnel. The production index forCDAs has changed somewhat and in both directions, variously over time.Data for the earlier period, 1977-1981 show that although both number ofpersonnel and number of graduates were on the increase, the increase innumber of personnel was larger relative to that of graduates. The actualnumber of B.C. graduates decreased in 1983 whereas the number ofpersonnel was on the increase, resulting in a higher production index. Alower production index in 1985 and 1987 indicates higher increases in thenumber of B.C. graduates relative to personnel .2. Dental HygienistsTable 2a shows that the number of dental hygienists in the provincehas more than doubled from 310 in 1977 to 665 in 1987 . The percentage ofthese hygienists who are graduates of B.C. programs has, however, beenmaintained between 43 to 46 percent. In comparison, production indexes(Table 2b and Figure 2b) indicate that some changes have occurred overtime. While the number of graduates has remained virtually unchanged(n - 20) since 1977 , the change in the index is totally explained by anincrease in the number of dental hygienists in B.C.3. DentistsDentists have increased their stock at a slower rate than theprevious two dental groups (from 1,437 in 1977 to 1,846 in 1987), andthey have doubled the percentage of this stock who are graduates of B.C .programs. Table 2a and Figure 2a show that in 1977 only 16 percent ofall dentists in B.C. were B.C. graduates. By 1987, 31 percent of thecurrent supply had graduated from the B.C . program. This appears to bethe effect of an i n t e r e s t i ng phenomenon. While the number of B.C.graduates has not fluctuated significantly over this time frame (seeTable 2b and Figure 2b) production indexes have remained quite constantdue to relatively small increases in supply. This is reflected in theincreasingly larger proportion of B.C. -trained personnel.4. Licensed Practical Nurses (LPNs)The number of LPNs in the province has appreciably fluctuatedappreciably over this ten-year period. In 1977, there were 6,144 LPNs inthe province , this rose to 6 ,991 in 1981 and gradually decreased to 5 ,934in 1987 (see Table 2a) . The percentage of these totals who are graduatesof B.C. programs has, however, continued to increase (58.5% in 1977;68.3% in 1987) . Table 2b shows a very significant change and muchfluctuation in the production index over this eight-year period as well.In 1979, there was one new B.C. graduate for every 12 .0 LPNs, whereas in1987 there was one new B.C . graduate for every 21 .4 LPNs. This change inthe production index can largely be attributed to the decrease (by morethan half) in the number graduated each year; in 1979, 357 LPNs graduatedin B.C. (already an appreciable decrease from the graduating class of1977 which numbered 441), by 1987 there were only 205 LPNs graduating inthis province. The gradual increase in the proportion of B.C.-trainedpersonnel is, clearly, due to the sharp decrease in supply.5 . PharmacistsThe size of pharmacist supply has remained fairly constant over theten-year study period (Table 2a), as has the percentage of B.C. graduates(74.2% in 1977; 79.3% in 1987). The production index (Table 2b) has alsoremained constant from 1977 to 1983 . However, in 1985 the productionindex rose to 31.6 due to a significant decrease in the number ofpharmacists graduating in that year (83 graduated in 1983; 65 graduatedin 1985). The index then dropped to 19.7 in 1987, as the number ofgraduates escalated to 110.6 . PhysiciansThe number of physicians in the province has continued to increasefrom 4,873 in 1977 to 6 ,656 in 1987 (Table 2a) . Along with thisincrease, there has been a slight gradual increase in the number who havegraduated from the B.C. program (17.2% in 1977; 23.0% in 1987). Table 2bshows the increase in the number of physicians graduating in B.C . eachyear: in 1977, there were 83 graduates, in 1983 there were 117 graduatesand in 1987 there were 124 graduates. The production index, the highestamong the selected groups, shows only a small change in either direction,except for 1981 when it rose to 65.4 mainly due to a sharp increase insupply.7. Registered NursesRegistered nurse stock has increased significantly from 17,748 in1977 to 25 ,838 in 1987 (see Table 2a). However, the percentage of thisgroup who are graduates of B.C. programs has consistently been between 45percent and 49 percent. From 1977 to 1985, the number graduating eachyear from B.C. programs was constant (see Table 2b) . In 1987 the numbergraduated in B.C. for that year rose to 758 from 628 in 1985. Thiscaused a decrease in the production index from 33.6 in 1985 to 29.1 in1987. A slight decrease in graduates and an appreciable increase insupply was clearly the cause for the 1985 increase in the productionindex (27 .8 in 1983).1314Figure 2a:Percentage Distribution of B.C. Graduates forSelected Health Personnel* in British Columbia,1977 and 1987Cert. Dental AssistantsDental HygienistsDentistsLic. Practical NursesPharmacistsPhysiciansRegistered NursesLegendCJ 1977&lllIlI 198 7o 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100Percent B.C. Grads• Hlltorlcal data tor Occ;upatlonal Thetapl'ta. Regi,t.red P,yc;hiatrlc;Nune8 .nd P8ychologi8t8 .re not ev '.ilabi •.Prep.red by:Health M.npower R....rch UnitTh. Unl".nlty of Brltl8h ColumbiaTable 2a Acttve Personnel: tumer and Pel centage Dlstrtbutton of B.C. Gracl.latesfar selected Health P8rsc1nne1t In Brlttsh Cola.lDia1977 to 1987 '1977 1981 1983 1985 1987Active B.C . Active B.C . Active B.C . Active B.C. Active B. C.Per- GraclJates Per- GraclJates Per- GraclJates Per- GraclJates Per- GradJatessemel No. Pct . semel No. Pct . semel No. Pct . semel No. Pct. semel No. Pct .cert1fied Dental Assistants 880 851 96 .7 1.840 1.767 96 .0 2 .205 2 .084 94.5 2 .673 2.459 92 .0 2 .9!in 2 .774 92.6Dental Hygien1sts 310 133 42 .9 445 203 45.6 503 232 46.i 602 269 44 .7 665 295 44 .4Dentists 1.437 230 16.0 1.670 373 22.3 1.746 434 24 .9 1.808 529 29.3 1.846 570 30.9Licensed Practical IlA..lrses 6 .144 3.596 58.5 6.991 4 .427 63.3 6 .891 4.422 64 .2 6 .402 4.205 65.7 5.934 4.053 68 .3Pharmacists 1 .887 1.325 74.2 1.918 1.464 76.3 2.004 1.553 77.5 2.051 1.610 78.5 2.172 1.722 79 .3PhySicians 4.873 837 17.2 5.690 1.060 18.6 6.038 1.191 19.7 6.405 1.378 21.5 6.656 1.531 23.0Registered IlA..lrses 17 .748 8.238 46.4 24.151 10.799 44 .7 23 .637 10.917 46 .2 24.768 11.841 47.8 25.838 12 .633 48.9I Hfstorical data for Dc:cupatfonal Therapfsts, Regfstered Psychfatrfc IlA..lrses and Psychologists are not available., Data f or 1979 are not available for all health gr04'JS .Prepared by:Health Marpower Research U1itThe U1iversfty of Brftish Col umbfa......lJt16Figure 2b:Production Index forSelected Health Personnel* in British Columbia,1977 and 1987Cert. Dental AssistantsDental HygienistsDentistsLic. Practical Nurses+PharmacistsPhysiciansRegistered Nurseso 10 20 30 40Production IndexLegend01977Illllll!I 198760 60Prepared by :Health Menpower R•••• rch UnitThe Unlver.lty of Brltllh Columbia• HI.torical data for Occupational Thlrapl.U. Regl.tlrld P.ychlatrlcNune. and P.ychologl.t. are not avallabl •.+ 1877 d.ta for LPN. are unnallable . The 1878 production Index halb •• n u•• d.Table 2b Actt.. P8rs0nn81; tl.IltJr Gradlattng fran B.C. Pr'OClI aJII!I and ProdJctton Indltx lfor selected Health Pel 501 ••1' tn Brtttsh COllR»tatm to t987'1977 1981 1983 1985 1987Active Nl.IlDer Act1ve Nl.IlDer ActiVe I'U1tJer Active ~ Active ~Per- Grad- Per- Grad- Per- Grad- Per- Grad- Per- Grad-semel uati& Index semel uat1ng" Index saT1el uating" Index sana1 uating" Index sanel uating" IndexCert1fied Dental Assistants 880 166 5 .3 1,840 246 7 .5 2.205 236 9.3 2.673 316 8.5 2.997 401 7.5Dental Hygienists 310 20 15.5 445 20 22.4 503 20 25.2 602 21 28.7 665 20 33 .3Dentists 1.437 35 41.1 1.670 39 42 .8 1.746 42 41.6 1.808 40 45.2 1.846 38 48.6licensed Practical flUrses" 4.270 357 12.0 4.943 309 16 .0 4,777 353 13.5 4.579 244 18.8 4.390 205 21.4Pharmac1sts 1.887 80 23.6 1.918 87 22 .0 2.004 83 24 .1 2.051 65 31.6 2.172 110 19 .7Physicians" 4.873 83 58 .7 5.690 87 65.4 6,038 117 51.6 6.405 120 53.4 6.656 124 53.7Reg1stered f'.lJrses' 13.493 666 20.2 18.067 613 29.5 19.184 653 27 .8 21,126 628 33.6 22.130 758 29.1I Index" Active persemel div1ded by the ruIDer grac1Jating fran B.C. programs.r Historical data for Occupaticnal Therapists. Reg1stered Psychiatr1c Nurses and Psycholog1sts are not avaflable ., Data for 1979 are not avaflable for all health groups.I Source: PRODUCTION report of specified year .• Includes ally L1censed Practical IIlIrses enployed in rYJrsing; Data for 1977 are not available; 1979 data have been used." 0 i rectory Act iVe Phys ic i ans ., Includes ally Reg1stered IIlIrses enployed 1n rYJrsing; Nl.IlDer grac1Jat1ng 1nchJdes ally those fran diplanaand basic Baccalaureate programs .Prepared by:Hea 1th Mar,:Jower Research U1i tThe University of British Columbia...........CERTIFIED DENTAL ASSISTANTSCERTIFIED DENTAL ASSISTANTSSource of Data:College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbia (CDSBC)2.Definition:Certified Dental Assistants (Level II Dental Auxiliaries) haveregistered with the College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbiaand have paid their annual dues. (See ROLLCALL 87 for a detaileddefinition of this group.)On the date of record, they had British Columbia addresses and werelegally licensed to practice under the personal supervision of alicensed member of the College . They mayor may not be employed ascertified dental assistants.Date of Record:September , 1987.Discussion:Table 3 shows that B.C.-trained personnel account for 92.6 percentand Canadian-trained personnel, as a whole, account for 97.9 percentof the total (2,997).Overall, the slight increase in Alberta-trained personnel reportedin 1985 has reversed (4% in 1983; 5 .2% in 1985; 4.3% in 1987), butthe tendency of this group to reside in Other B.C. continues .Similarly , U.S .-trained personnel are more likely to reside in OtherB.C . than in either of the other two regions . The B.C . graduatepercentage is up only slightly from the corresponding 1985 figure of92 percent . The absolute number of certified dental assistants inB.C. has increased from 2,673 in 1985 to 2,997 in 1987, due to anincrease in B.C.-trained personnel (2,459 in 1985; 2,774 in 1987) .There has not been any significant change in the percentage of non­Canadian-trained certified dental assistants .2In order to practice as a certified dental assistant in B.C ., it isnecessary to be registered by the College of Dental Surgeons of B.C . andto hold a valid licence.2122Figure 3:Percentage Distribution of Certified Dental Assistantsin British Columbia by Place of GraduationSeptember 1987(N=2,997)Unknown IOceania IAfricaAsia IEurope ISouth America INorth &. Central America ~Non-Canadian Subtotal ICanadian SubtotalAtlantic Region IQuebecOntario IManitoba ~Saskatchewan IAlberta ~British COlumbia===================IoPrepared by :He.lth M.npower R••••rch UnitThe Univer.ity of BritiBh Columbl.I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 3 Number and Percentage Dfstrfbutfon of certfffed Dental Assfstants'fn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal DtstrtctSeptember 1987Regional Hospi tal DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent ' Number Percent'Canadtan SUbtotal 1,202 98.04 294 98.99 1,438 97.58 2,934 97 .90Prince Edward Island 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 2 .14 2 .07Nova Scotia 2 . 16 0 .00 0 . 00 2 . 0 7Ontario 2 .16 0 . 00 3 . 20 5 .17Man1toba 6 . 49 4 1.35 3 . 20 13 . 43Saskatchewan 2 .16 0 .00 6 .4 1 8 .27Alberta 48 3.92 7 2.36 75 5 .09 130 4 .34Brit ish Columbia' 1.1 42 93 .15 283 95 .29 i,349 9i .52 2 ,774 92.56Non-Canadtan Subtotal· 24 1 .9B 3 1.01 3B 2.44 83 2.10N. & Central America Subtotal 13 1.06 3 LOt 35 2 .37 51 1. 70Mexico 1 . 08 0 . 00 1 .07 2 . 0 7United States 12 . 9 8 3 1.01 34 2.31 49 1.63South America Subtotal 1 . 0 8 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 3Argentina 1 . 0 8 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 0 3Europe Subtotal 2 . 16 0 . 00 1 .07 3 . 10Netherlands 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 7 1 . 0 3United K1ngdom 2 . 16 0 .00 0 . 00 2 .07Asia Subtotal 3 . 24 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 . 10Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 1 .08 0 .00 0 .00 1 .03Philippines 2 . 16 0 . 00 0 .00 2 . 0 7Ocean1a SUbtotal 3 .24 0 . 00 0 .00 3 . 10New Zealand 3 .24 0 .00 0 . 00 3 .10Unknown Subtota l 2 . 16 0 . 00 0 . 0 0 2 . 07Total 1,228 100 .00 297 100 .00 1,474 100.00 2,997 100.00I Definitions are as i n the attached text ., Percentages may not add due to rounding., Includes 172 CDA's Who were cert1f1ed on the basis of past experience and the ability to pass the B.C. Certif ication Exam .• Includes unknowns.Prepared by :Health Manpower Research UnitThe Un iversity o f British ColumbiaI\JWDENTAL HYGIENISTSDENTAL HYGIENISTSSource of Data:College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbia (CDSBC)3 and BritishColumbia Dental Hygienists' Association (BCDHA)4.Definition:Licensed Dental Hygienists (Level III Dental Auxiliaries) haveregistered with the College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbiaand have paid their annual dues. (See ROLLCALL 87 for a detaileddefinition of this group.)On the date of record. they had British Columbia addresses and werelegally licensed to practice dental hygiene. They mayor may not beemployed as dental hygienists.Date of Record:September, 1987.Discussion:All licensed dental hygienists (665) were trained either in Canada(85 .3%) or the United States (14%) with the exception of five. Ofthe 567 trained in Canada, slightly over half (52%) were trained inBritish Columbia. This latter percentage has continued to declineslightly since 1983 (55.6% in 1983; 53% in 1985; 52% in 1987).Among those residing in the Greater Vancouver Regional HospitalDistrict, the B.C.-trained percentage (52.4%) is substantiallyhigher than the percentage for those trained elsewhere. Graduatesof Alberta programs are more likely to reside in Other B.C. (22.3%)than in either the Greater Vancouver (12.8%) or the Capital RegionalHospital District (14.3%) . Conversely, graduates of Ontarioprograms are more likely to reside in the Capital Regional HospitalDistrict (19.1%) than elsewhere (10.2% and 10.9% for the GreaterVancouver Regional Hospital District and Other B.C., respectively).Overall, Ontario and Alberta together make up a large proportion(32.1%) of the Canadian-trained hygienists ill the province (N =567). See Table 4.3In order to practice as a dental hygienist in B.C., it is necessaryto be registered by the CDSBC and to hold a valid licence or permit.4Membership in the BCDHA is voluntary .2728Figure 4:Percentage Distribution of Dental Hygienistsin British Columbia by Place of GraduationSeptember 1987(N=665)Unknown IOceaniaAfricaAsiaEurope ~South AmericaNorth & Central AmericalHNon-Canadian SubtotalCanadian SubtotalAtlantic Region ~Quebec ~Ontario~Manitoba~Saskatchewan ~Alberta~British Columbia _=='7777>'7777>'""'==777.IoPrepared by:H.elth Menpow.r R•• eerch UnitThe Unlvenlty of Briti.h ColumbieI I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 4 Number and Percentage Dtstributton of Dental Hygienists'in Brttish Columbia by Place of GradUation by Regional Hospital DistrictSeptember 1987Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadian Subtotal 338 88.48 54 85.71 175 79.55 587 85.28Nova Scotia 10 2.62 3 4 .76 8 3.64 21 3 .16Quebec 6 1. 57 3 4.76 4 1.82 13 1.95Ontario 39 10.21 12 19.05 24 10.91 75 11.28Manitoba 26 6 .81 5 7 .94 12 5.45 43 6.47Saskatchewan 8 2.09 2 3 .17 3 1. 36 13 1.95Alberta 49 12.83 9 14.29 49 22.27 107 16.09British Columbia 200 52.36 20 31 .75 75 34.09 295 44.36Non-Canadtan Subtotal' 44 11.52 9 14.29 45 20.45 98 14.74N. & Central America SUbtotal 43 11 .26 9 i4 .29 42 19.09 94 14.14Mexico 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 4 5 1 .15United States 43 1 i . 26 9 14.29 41 18.64 93 13 .98Europe SUbtotal 1 .26 0 . 00 2 .91 3 .45United Kingdom 1 .26 0 . 00 2 .91 3 . 4 5Unknown Subtotal 0 . 00 0 .00 1 .45 1 .15Total 382 100 .00 B3 100.00 220 100.00 BB5 100.00• Definitions are as in the attached text., Percentages may not add due to rounding., Includes unknowns.Prepared by :Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British ColumbiaN\0DENTISTSDENTISTSSource of Data:College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbia (CDSBC)5.Definitions:Licensed Dentists have registered with the College of DentalSurgeons of B.C. and have paid their annual dues. (See ROLLCALL 87for a detailed definition of this group.)On the date of record, they had B.C. addresses and were legallylicensed to practice dentistry. They mayor may not be employed inthe field of dentistry.Date of Record:September, 1987.Discussion:Canadian graduates account for 81 .6 percent of the 1 ,846 licenseddentists in the province (Table 5). B.C. graduates represent 30.9percent of the total, with Alberta graduates accounting for anadditional 20 percent. The proportion of dentists who are B.C.graduates has been on the rise since 1983 (24.9% in 1983; 29.3% in1985; 30.9% in 1987). Before 1983, the highest proportion ofgraduates has been from Alberta. As well, in previous years, thelargest single group of dentists in a Regional Hospital Districtwere graduates of the Alberta program residing in the CapitalRegional Hospital District. While this remains true for that area(28.4%), in 1987 the largest single group of dentists are graduatesof the B.C . program (34.3%) residing in the Greater VancouverRegional Hospital District .Of the 339 non-Canadian graduates, 59 percent are from the UnitedStates, and 24.8 percent are from the United Kingdom. Thepercentage of graduates from the United States has declinedappreciably from 66.5 percent in 1985, while the percentage from theUnited Kingdom has somewhat increased from 20.5 percent in 1985.5In order to practice as a dentist in B.C., it is necessary to beregistered by the CDSBC and to hold an unexpired annual certificate(licence) under the Dentist's Act.3334Figure 5:Percentage Distribution of Licensed Dentistsin British Columbia by Place of GraduationSeptember 1987(N=1,846)Unknown IOceania ~Africa IAsia ~Europe~South AmericaNorth & Central America~Non-Canadian Subtotal _Canadian SubtotalAtlantic Region ~Ouebec~Ontario~Manitoba~Saskatchewan ~Alberta~British Columbia _IoPrep.r.d by:H•• lth Mlnpower R.... rch UnitThe University of British Columbi.I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 5 Number and Percentage Distribution of Licensed Dentists'i n British Co lumbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DlstrtctSeptember 1987Regional Hosp ital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Cap ita l Other B .C . TotalNumber Percent ' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadian SUbtotal 874 84.04 158 83 .68 474 76 .95 I, B07 81.64Nova Scotia 26 2.50 7 3.68 9 1. 46 42 2 .28Quebec 103 9.90 16 8.42 44 7 .14 163 8.83Ontar io 124 i1 .92 32 16 .84 51 8 .28 207 11. 21Manitoba 90 8 .65 15 7 . 89 30 4 .87 135 7 .31Saskatche~/an 9 . 8 7 1 . 5 3 12 1. 9 5 2 2 1. 19Alberta 165 15 .87 54 28 .42 i49 24 .19 368 19 .93British Columbia 357 34.33 34 17 .89 179 29 .06 570 30 .88Non-Canadian Subtotal' 166 15.96 31 18 .32 142 23 .05 339 18 .38N. 8< Central America Subtotal 87 8.37 17 8 .95 97 15 .75 201 10.89Mexico 1 .10 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .05Un ited States 86 8 .27 17 8.95 97 15 .75 200 10 .83Europe Subtotal 56 5 .38 13 6 .84 38 6 .17 107 5 .80Denmark 1 .10 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .05Hungary 0 .00 0 .00 1 .16 1 . 0 5Iceland 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 16 1 . 0 5Irish RepUblic ( Eire) 6 .58 0 . 00 2 . 3 2 8 . 43Nether lands 2 .19 0 . 00 1 . 16 3 .16Poland 4 .38 0 . 00 1 . 16 5 . 27Romania 1 . 10 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .05Sweden 0 .00 0 .00 2 . 32 2 · 11United Kingdom 41 3.94 13 6.84 30 4.87 84 4.55Yugoslavia i . iO 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 5As ia Subtotal 8 .77 0 . 00 2 .32 10 . 54China 1 . 10 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 5Taiwan (Formosa) 2 . 19 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 · 11India 2 . 19 0 . 00 2 . 32 4 .22Iraq 2 . i9 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 · 11Singapore 1 .10 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 5. . . . . continuedWl.nTabl. 5(Cont inued)Place of GraduationAfrica SubtotalSouth AfricaOceania SubtotalAustral iaNew ZealandUnknown SubtotalTotalNumber and Percentage DtstrtbUtton of Ltcensed Denttsts'In Brtttsh Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictSeptember 1987Regional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital Other B.C .Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'.10 0 .00 0 .00.10 0 .00 0 .0012 1. 15 1 . 53 5 .818 . 77 0 .00 3 .494 .38 1 . 53 2 . 3 22 . 19 0 .00 0 . 001 ,040 100 .00 190 100 .00 616 100.00TotalNumber Percent'.05.0518 .9811 . 607 . 382 . 111,848 100.00w'"I Definitions are as in the attached text ., Percentages may not add due to rounding .] Includes unknowns.p,.epa,.ed by :Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British ColumbiaLICENSED PRACTICAL NURSESLICENSED PRACTICAL NURSESSource of Data:British Columbia Council of Licensed Practical Nurses 6 .Definition :Licensed Practical Nurses were licensed under the Nurses (Practical)Act on the date of record and had B.C. addresses. (See ROLLCALL 87for a detailed description of LPNs.)They mayor may not be employed as licensed practical nurses.Date of Record :September , 1987 .Discussion:Table 6 shows that Canadian-trained graduates account for 92.1percent of the total licensed practical nurse population residing inB.C ., as reported in the Council 's registration database of activemembers (5 ,934) . This percentage has risen slightly since 1983(89 .3% in 1983; 90.5% in 1985; 92.1% in 1987). B.C. graduatesaccount for 68.3 percent of the 1987 total, which is also higherthan the 1985 figure (65.7%).Among the 471 graduates of non-Canadian Schools, United Kingdom­trained graduates comprise 28 .7 percent of active members and Asian­trained graduates comprise 12.3 percent of this group; overall, non­Canadian graduates are 7.9 percent of the total. In 1975 thisfigure was more than double at 20.4 percent of the total, thendecreased drastically to 6 .8 percent in 1977 . For the next seven­year period, the proportion of non-Canadian graduates remained inthe 11-12 percent range and has continued to drop slightly since1985 (9.5%). 1987 data show that Canadian-trained personnel aremore likely to reside in the Capital Regional Hospital District orOther B.C . than in the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital District .The latter region is favoured by personnel with non-Canadiantraining.6In order to assume the designation Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)in B.C. , it is necessary to be registered by the B.C . Council of LicensedPractical Nurses and to hold a valid licence .3940Figure 6:Percentage Distribution of Licensed Practical Nursesin British Columbia by Place of GraduationSeptember 1987(N=5,934)Unknown ~Oceania ~Africa IAsia ~Europe ~South America INorth & Central America ~Non-Canadian SUbtotal.Canadian SubtotalAtlantic Region ~Quebec ~Ontario~Manitoba ~Saskatchewan ~Alberta~Br itis h Co lumbia!7777)!7777)=====!7777)!7777)====IoPrepared by :Health Menpow.r R•••• rch UnitThe Uniwenity of Briti.h ColumbiaI20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionIrooTable 8 Number and Percentage Dtstribution of Licensed Practical Nurses'tn Brittsh Columbia by Place of Graduatton by Regional Hospttal DistrictSeptember 1987Reg10nal Hosp1 tal Distri ctPlace of Graduat10n Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. To talNumbe r Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadian Subtotal 1 ,748 86.45 643 94.70 3,072 95.02 5,483 92.06Newfoundland 5 . 25 4 . 59 11 . 34 20 . 3 4Pr ince Edward Island 4 .20 2 .29 4 .12 10 . 17Nova Scotia 28 1.38 11 1. 6 2 32 . 99 71 1.20New Brunsw1ck 8 . 40 1 . 15 14 .43 23 . 39Quebec 26 1. 29 8 1. 18 9 .28 43 . 7 2Ontar10 142 7.02 51 7 .51 170 5 .26 363 6 .12Manitoba 95 4 .70 17 2 .50 128 3 .96 240 4 .04Saskatchewan 43 2.13 16 2 .36 114 3.53 173 2 .92Alberta i 10 5 .44 45 6.63 286 8.85 441 7 .43Br it1sh Columbia 1.281 63.35 485 71 .43 2 .287 70 .74 4 .053 68.30Yukon 6 . 30 3 .44 15 .46 24 .40Northwest Territor1es 0 .00 0 . 00 2 .06 2 . 0 3Non-Canadian SUbtotal' 274 13.55 38 5.30 181 4.98 471 7.94N. & Central Amer1ca Subtotal 19 .94 5 .74 14 .43 38 .64Un1ted States 18 .89 5 . 7 4 14 . 4 3 37 . 6 2West Ind1es 1 .05 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2South America Subtotal 2 .10 0 . 0 0 1 .03 3 . 0 5Chile 1 . 0 5 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Guyana 1 . 0 5 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Paraguay 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 3 1 . 0 2Europe Subtotal 116 5 .74 12 1. 77 55 1. 70 183 3.08Austria 1 . 0 5 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Czechoslovak ia 7 . 35 0 . 0 0 3 . 0 9 10 . 17Denmark 0 . 0 0 1 . 15 2 . 0 6 3 . 0 5F1nland 1 .05 0 .00 3 . 0 9 4 . 0 7Fr a nc e 1 . 0 5 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Greece 1 . 0 5 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Hungary 1 . 0 5 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 1 .02Irish Republ ic (E1re) 1 . 0 5 0 .00 1 . 0 3 2 . 0 3Nether lands 2 . 10 0 .00 2 .06 4 . 0 7Poland 2 . 10 0 . 00 1 . 0 3 3 . 0 5Portugal 1 . 0 5 0 . 00 0 .00 1 .02SWitzerland 1 . 0 5 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Un Hed Kingdom 88 4 .35 10 1.47 37 1. 14 135 2.28West Germany 1 . 0 5 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Yugoslavia 1 .05 0 . 0 0 0 .00 1 .02Germany (East or West)' 7 . 35 1 . 15 6 . 19 14 .24.. . . . continued~.....Table 8(Continued)Number and Percentage DistribUtion of Licensed Practical Nurses'in British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictSeptember 1987+:­NRegional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B .C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Asia SUbtotal 53 2.62 3 .44 2 . 0 6 58 .98Hong Kong 22 1.09 1 .15 0 .00 23 . 39Ind ia 0 . 0 0 1 .15 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Israel 1 . 0 5 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .02uapan 1 .05 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 1 .02Malaysia 3 . 15 0 .00 0 . 00 3 .05Philippines 24 1. 19 1 . 15 2 . 0 6 27 . 46Singapore 1 .05 0 . 0 0 0 .00 1 . 0 2Korea (North or South)' 1 . 0 5 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Africa Subtotal 1 . 0 5 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 1 . 0 2South Africa 1 .05 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Ocean ia Subtotal 25 1. 24 1 . 15 8 . 25 34 . 5 7Aus tralia 6 . 30 1 . 15 2 . 0 6 9 .15New Zealand 5 . 25 0 . 00 6 . 19 11 . 19F 1 j I 11 . 5 4 0 . 00 0 .00 11 . 19Maur it iUS 1 .05 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 1 .02Other (Oceania) 2 . 10 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 0 3Unknown Subtotal 58 2.87 15 2 .21 81 2 .51 154 2.60Total 2,022 100.00 879 100.00 3,233 100.00 5,934 100.00I Definit ions a re as In the at tached text ., Percentages may not add due t o rounding ., Includes unknowns .• Not specified .Prepared by :Hea lth Manpower Research UnitThe University of British ColumbiaOCCUPATIONAL THERAPISTSOCCUPA~ONAL THERAPISTSSource of Data:British Columbia Society o£ Occupational Therapists (BCSOT)7Definition:Occupational Therapists included in this report were thoseregistered with the British Columbia Society of OccupationalTherapists. Questionnaires are distributed to prospective membersof the BCSOT at the time of membership application and membershiprenewal. Only respondents who had a B.C. mailing address and weremembers of the BCSOT at the date of record are included in thetables. (See ROLLCALL 87 for a detailed definition of this group .)Occupational therapists who have graduated from a dual program inoccupational therapy and physiotherapy may also be registered withthe Association of Physiotherapists and Massage Practitioners ofBritish Columbia.Date of Record:October, 1987.Discussion:Among BCSOT members (Table 7), B.C. graduates represent 29.1 percentof the total and Canadian graduates represent 59.9 percent.Graduates of programs from the United Kingdom comprise 52.6 percentof the non-Canadian total (171) while graduates of United Statesprograms comprise 15.2 percent of that group . In the CapitalRegional Hospital District graduates of programs from the UnitedKingdom represent 32.1 percent of the total, while graduates of B.C.programs represent only 24 ;5 percent of the total in that district.Equal numbers of B.C.- trained and United Kingdom-trained personnelreside in Other B.C.As occupational therapists appear in this report for the first time,comparable data for previous years are unavailable .7BCSOT is an affiliate of the ·Canadian Association of OccupationalTherapists. In order to assume the designation Registered OccupationalTherapist in B.C., it is necessary to be a Registered member of theBCSOT.4546Figure 7:Percentage Distribution of Occupational Therapists(Members) in British Columbia by Place of GraduationOctober 1987(N-426)Unknown~Oceania ~Africa ~Asia ~Europe~South AmericaNorth III Central America ~Non-Canadian SubtotalCanadian SubtotalAtlantic Region IQuebec~Ontario~Manitoba ~SaskatchewanAlberta~British Columbia _====IoPrepared by:Health Mlnpower Releuch UnitThe Univeraity of Briti.h ColumbiaI20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Tabl. 7 Number and Percentage Distribution of Occupational Therapists (Members)'In British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictOctober 1987Regional Hospital Dis trictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. Tota lNum~ Percent ' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent 'Canadian Subtotal 166 60 .14 31 58 .49 58 59.79 255 59 .88Canada (Province unstated) 2 .72 0 .00 1 1.03 3 . 70Nova Scotia 0 . 00 0 .00 1 1 .03 1 .23Quebec 19 6 .88 3 5 .66 2 2 .06 24 5 .63Ontario 39 14 .1 3 9 16 .98 12 12 .37 60 14.08Man i t ob a 8 2 .90 2 3.77 5 5.15 15 3.52Alberta 15 5 .43 4 1 .55 9 9 .28 28 6 .57British Columbia 83 30 .07 13 24 .53 28 28.87 124 29 .11Non-Canadian SUbtotal' 110 39.88 22 41.51 39 40 .21 171 40 .14N. & Central America Subtotal 16 5 80 5 9 .43 5 5.15 26 6 .10United States 16 5 .80 5 9 .43 5 5.15 26 6 .10Eu rope Subtotal 54 19 .57 17 32 .08 26 26.80 97 22.17Denmark 2 . 7 2 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 .47Iri sh Republ ic (Eire) 1 . 36 0 .00 0 .00 1 .23Netherlands 1 . 36 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 23Sweden I .36 0 . 0 0 0 .00 1 .23Switzerland 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 1.03 1 . 2 3United Kingdom 48 17 .39 17 32 .08 25 25.77 90 21.13West Germany 1 . 36 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 2 3As ia Subtotal 9 3 .26 0 .00 1 1.03 10 2 .35Hong Kong 2 . 72 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 .47India 5 1 .81 0 . 00 1 1.03 6 1.41Phll lpplnes 2 .12 0 . 00 0 .00 2 . 47Afr ica Subtotal 3 1. 0 9 0 . 00 1 1.03 4 .94Kenya 1 . 36 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 23Sou t h Africa 2 . 7 2 0 .00 1 1.03 3 .70Oceania Subtotal 8 2 .90 0 . 00 3 3.09 11 2 .58Austra'ia 2 . 72 0 .00 2 2 .06 4 .94New Zealand 6 2 .17 0 . 00 1 1.03 7 1.64Unknown Subtotal 20 7 .25 0 . 00 3 3.09 23 5 .40Total 276 100 .00 53 100 .00 97 100.00 426 100.00I Definitions are as in the attac hed text ., Percen tages may not add due to rounding ., InclUdes unknowns ." repared by: ~Heal th Manpower Research Unit ""-JThe UniverSity of Brit ish Col umbiaPHARMACISTSPHARMACISTSSource of Data:College of Pharmacists of British Columbia8 .Definition:Pharmacists included in this report were those registered with theCollege of Pharmacists of B.C. who were legally licensed to practiceas pharmacists and resided in B.C. on the date of record. They mayor may not be employed in the field of pharmacy. (See ROLLCALL 87for a detailed definition of pharmacists.)Date of Record:December, 1987Discussion:Table 8 shows that B.C. graduates account for 79.3 percent ofpharmacists in B.C. (2,172). This figure has increased slightly butsteadily from 1983 (77.5% in 1983; 78.5% in 1985; 79.3% in 1987).Canadian graduates account for 94.3 percent of this total, the sameas in 1985. Of the pharmacists residing in the Greater VancouverRegional Hospital District, 81.5 percent were trained in B.C. Thisfigure is significantly lower in the Capital Regional HospitalDistrict (71%) where, in addition, 13 percent are Saskatchewan­trained. Other B.C. falls in between with 77.6 percent B.C.-trainedand 10.4 percent Saskatchewan-trained personnel. Only 5.7 percentof all pharmacists in B.C. are non-Canadian graduates, most of whomgraduated in the United Kingdom (2.0%) or the United States (1.6%).In general, figures are similar to those of previous years.BIn order to practice as a pharmacist in B.C., it is necessary to beregistered by the College of Pharmacists of B.C .5152Figure 8:Percentage Distribution of Pharmacistsin British Columbia by Place of GraduationDecember 1987(N 2,172)Unknown IOceania IAfrica IAsia ~Europe ~South AmericaNorth & Central America ~Non-Canadian Subtotal IICanadian SubtotalAtlantic Region ~Quebec IOntario ~Manitoba ~Saskatchewan~Alberta ~Br i tis h Col umb ia '7777>=====777»='7777>=====777»=IoPrepared by:Heelth Manpower Aa.euch UnitTha Univer.lty of Briti.h ColumbiaI I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 8 Number and Percentage Dfstrfbutfon of Pharmacfsts'fn Brfttsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regfonal Hospttal DtstrfctDecember 1987Reg ional Hospital Distr ictPl ace o f Graduation Greater Vancouver Ca p i t a l Other B.C . To talNumber Percent ' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadfan Subtotal 1,184 93.15 191 95 .50 B74 9B.15 2,049 94 .34Nova Scotia 9 . 7 1 2 1.00 3 . 43 14 . 6 4Quebec 3 . 24 0 . 00 1 . 14 4 . 18Ontario 16 1.26 2 l.00 7 1. 00 25 1. 15Manitoba 28 2.20 7 3.50 12 1. 71 47 2 .16Saskatchewan 47 3 .70 26 13. 00 73 10.41 146 6 .72Alberta 45 3 .54 12 6.00 34 4 .85 9i 4 . tsBritish Columbia 1,036 8i .51 i42 71 .00 544 77 .60 1,722 79 .28Non-Canadfan SUbtotal' 87 B.85 9 4.50 27 3 .85 123 5.B6N. & Central Amer ica Subtotal 20 1.57 0 . 00 14 2 .00 34 1.57United States 20 1.57 0 . 00 1.4 2 .00 34 1.57Europe SUbtotal 4 1 3 .23 6 3 .00 10 1. 4 3 57 2 .62East Germany 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 14 1 .05Greece 0 . 00 1 .50 0 . 00 1 . 0 5Hungary 1 .08 0 .00 1 .14 2 . 0 9Italy 2 . 16 0 .00 0 . 00 2 . 0 9Roman ia 1 . 0 8 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 0 5United Kingdom 31 2.44 4 2.00 8 1. 14 43 1.98West Germany 3 . 24 0 .00 0 . 00 3 . 14Yugoslavia 3 . 24 0 . 00 0 .00 3 . 14Germany (East or West)" 0 . 00 i .50 0 .00 1 . 0 5Asia SUbtotal 18 1.42 2 1.00 1 . 14 21 . 9 7Taiwan (Formosa) 6 . 47 0 . 00 0 .00 6 . 28India 1 . 0 6 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 5Japan 1 .08 1 . 50 i .14 3 .14Pak1stan 1 . 0 8 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 05Philippines 4 . 31 0 . 00 0 . 00 4 . 18Singapore I .08 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 5Korea . South 0 . 00 1 . 50 0 . 00 1 . 0 5V1etnam, North 2 . 16 0 . 00 0 .00 2 . 09Korea (North or South)" 2 .16 0 .00 0 . 00 2 .09.... . contfnuedInWTable 8(Continued)Place of GraduationNumber and Percentage Distribution of Pharmacists'in British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictDecember 1987Regional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital ather B.C.Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'TotalNumber Percent'U1~Africa SubtotalSouth AfricaArab Rep . of Egypt(U.A.R.)Africa (ather)Oceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandUnknown SubtotalTotalI Definitions are as in the attached text ., Percentages may not add due to rounding .3 Includes unknowns.• Not specified.Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British Columbia5 . 3 9 1 . 503 .24 0 .00i . 08 i .501 . 08 0 .003 . 24 0 .002 . i6 0 .001 . 0 8 0 .000 . 00 0 .001,271 100.00 200 100 .001iooooo701.14.14. 00.00. 00.00.00.14100.0074213212,172.32. 18.09. 0 5. 14. 0 9. 0 5.05100.00PHYSICIANSPHYSICIANSSource of Data:College of Physicians and Surgeons of British Columbia(CPSBC)9.Definitions:Directory Active Physicians are registered in British Columbia by theB.C. College of Physicians and Surgeons. On the date of record, theyhad B.C. addresses and were licensed to practice medicine.Postgraduate Physicians are directory active physicians who, accordingto the records of the B.C. College of Physicians and Surgeons, areinvolved in graduate medical education . Some are fully registered(possibly doing 10cums) and others are on the temporary register(educational).Non-Postgraduate Physicians are directory active physicians who arenot known to be involved in graduate medical education; they may beon the full or temporary register (in practice).See ROLLCALL 87 for a detailed description of these groups.Date of Record:September, 1987.Discussion:Data are presented for all directory active physicians in Table 9 andFigure 9, and then only for non-postgraduate physicians in Table 10and Figure 10. Numbers for postgraduate physicians can be easilyderived from these two tables.B.C. graduates account for 23.0 percent and Canadian graduates accountfor 68.4 percent of all directory active physicians (6,656) . Thepercentage of B.C. graduates has somewhat increased from 21.5 percentin 1985.While B.C. is the largest provincial source of graduates, Ontarioranks a close second (15.6%), and Alberta schools also have supplied asignificant proportion of B.C.'s current directory active physicians(11.5%). Outside Canada, United Kingdom-trained physicians constitute15.5 percent of the total. This has continued to drop over the pastfour years from the 17 .8 percent figure in 1981. Graduates from the9In order to practice medicine in B.C., it is necessary to beregistered by the College of Physicians and Surgeons of B.C.5758United States represent a very minor proportion (1 .9%) of alldirectory active physicians. Among directory active physicians withaddresses in the Capital Regional Hospital District, the largestproportion (17.9%) is Ontario-trained, with almost equal proportionsof B.C.-trained (16.9%) and Alberta-trained (15.4%) personnel.Among non-postgraduate physicians (Table 10 and Figure 10), B.C.graduates comprise 22.2 percent and Canadian graduates comprise 67.5percent of the total (6,077). Of the non-postgraduate physiciansresiding in the Capital Regional Hospital District, it is interestingto note that 33 .4 percent are graduates of either Ontario or Albertaprograms, and an additional 22 .7 percent are from the United Kingdom ,while only 15.3 percent are B.C. graduates.Figure 9:Percentage Distribution of Directory Active Physiciansin British Columbia by Place of GraduationSeptember 1987(N=6,656)UnknownOceania ~Africa ~Asia ~Europ e ~~"7'7'":South America INorth & Central America ~Non-Canadian SubtotalCanadian SubtotalAtlantic Region ~Quebec~Ontario~Manitoba~Saskatchewan ~Alberta~British Columbia59IoPrep.r.d by :H•• lth M.npow.r R•••• rch UnitTh. Un iver.ity of Briti.h Columbi.I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100(]\0Table 9 Number and Percentage Distribution of Directory Active Physicians'in British Columbia by Place of GradUation by Regional Hospital DistrictSeptember 1987Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' ~r Percent'Canadian SUbtotal 2 ,708 68.57 525 69.17 1,321 67.81 4,554 68.42Newfoundland 28 . 7 1 6 .79 19 . 98 53 .80Nova Scotia 72 1.82 20 2 .64 58 2 .98 150 2 .25Quebec 259 6.56 56 7 .38 89 4 .57 404 6.07Ontario 622 15 .75 i36 17.92 282 14.48 1,040 15.63Manl toba 2i5 5.44 46 6.06 120 6 .16 38i 5.72Saskatchewan 130 3 .29 16 2 . 11 85 4 .36 231 3 .47Alberta 375 9.50 117 15.42 272 13 .96 764 11.488ritish Columbia 1,007 25 .50 128 16 .86 396 20 .33 i ,531 23.00Non-Canadian Subtotal 1,241 31.43 234 30.83 627 32 .19 2,102 31.58N. & Central America Subtotal 99 2 .51 1 i 1 .45 37 1.90 147 2.21Mexico 6 .15 0 . 00 2 .W 8 . i2United States 81 2 .05 10 1. 32 33 1.69 124 1.86Cuba 1 . 0 3 0 .00 0 .00 1 .02.Jamaica 11 . 28 1 . 13 2 . 10 14 . 2 1South America Subtotal 15 . 38 3 .40 0 . 00 18 .27Argentina 3 .08 0 . 00 0 .00 3 . 0 5Bol t v t a 0 . 00 I . 13 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Brazi 1 3 . 0 8 0 .00 0 . 00 3 .05Chi Ie 4 . 10 1 . 13 0 . 00 5 . 0 8Colombia 3 . 08 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 . 0 5Peru 2 . 0 5 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 2 . 0 3Uruguay 0 .00 1 . 13 0 . 00 I .02Europe SUbtotal 722 i8 .28 i88 24 71 453 23 .25 1,363 20.48Austria 8 .20 0 .00 3 . 15 11 . 178elgium 2 .05 0 . 00 1 . 0 5 3 .05Czechoslovakia 21 .53 1 13 5 .26 27 . 4 1Denmark 1 .03 1 . 13 1 . 0 5 3 . 0 5East Germany 1 . 0 3 1 .13 1 . 0 5 3 .05Finland 1 .03 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2France 5 .13 0 . 00 2 .10 7 . ilGreece 6 .15 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 6 . 0 9Hungary 9 .23 2 . 26 6 .31 17 . 26I rish Republic (Eire) 73 I. 85 10 1.32 53 2 .72 136 2.04Italy 7 . 18 1 . 13 0 . 00 8 . 12Malta 1 . 0 3 0 .00 1 . 0 5 2 .03Netherlands i3 . 33 3 . 40 12 .62 28 . 4 2Poland 15 . 38 0 . 00 1 . 0 5 16 . 24Romania 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 .10 2 . 0 3Spa in 3 . 0 8 1 . 13 1 .05 5 . 0 8Sweden 3 .08 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 . 0 5Switzerland 7 . 18 0 .00 1 . 0 5 8 . 12.. .. . cont/nlledTable 9( Con t inI/cd)Number and Percentage DtstrtbUtton of Dtrectory Acttve Phystctans 't n Brttlsh Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regtonal Hospital DtstrictSeptentJer 1987Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduat ion Greater Vancouver Cap ital Other B .C . TotalNumber Percent ' Number Pe r c e n t ' Number Percent ' Number Percent'United Kingdom 515 13 .04 166 21.87 351 18 .02 1.032 15 .50USSR (Russia) 2 . 0 5 0 . 00 0 .00 2 . 0 3West Germany 18 . 46 2 .26 i2 . 6 2 32 . 48Yugoslav ia il . 28 0 . 00 0 . 00 11 . 17Asia SUbtotal 249 6.3i i 6 2 . i l 58 2 .98 323 4 .85Burma 2 . 0 5 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 2 . 0 3Sr i lanka (Ceylon) 3 . 0 8 0 . 00 0 . 00 :3 . 0 5China 19 . 48 3 . 40 2 . 10 24 . 36Taiwan (Formosa) 22 . 56 0 .00 6 . 3 i 28 .42Ho ng Kong 50 I. 27 2 . 26 2 . 10 54 . 8 1India 43 1. 0 9 5 . 66 31 1.59 79 1. 19Indones ia 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 . 00 i . 0 2I ran 9 . 2 3 2 .26 1 . 0 5 12 . 18Iraq 2 . 0 5 0 .00 0 . 00 2 .03Israel 6· is 0 . 00 0 . 00 6 . 0 9Japan 7· i8 0 . 00 0 . 00 7 . 11lebanon i . 0 3 0 . 00 1 . 05 2 . 0 3Malaysia 3 . 0 8 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 . 0 5Pakistan 6 . 15 1 . 13 2 . iO 9 . 14Philippines 27 . 6 8 3 . 40 9 . 46 39 . 59Saud i Arabia 2i . 53 0 . 00 0 .00 21 .32S ingapore 5 . 13 0 . 00 0 . 00 5 . 0 8Korea , South 14 .35 0 .00 4 .z t 18 . 27Syr ia 2 . 0 5 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 2 . 0 3Turkey 3 . 0 8 0 .00 0 . 00 :3 . 0 5Vietnam, Sou th 3 .08 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 .05Afr ica Subtotal 9i 2.30 ii 1. 45 45 2 .31 i47 2.21Ghana 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .05 1 . 0 2Nigeria 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 1 . 0 5 2 .03Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) 2 . 0 5 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 0 3South Africa 72 1. 82 10 1.32 36 1. 8 5 li8 i.77Uganda 6· is 0 . 00 4 .z t 10 . 15Arab Rep . of Egypt(U .A .R .) iO . 25 1 . 13 3 . 15 14 . 2 1Oceania Subtotal 65 1. 65 5 . 66 34 1. 75 10 4 1.56Australia 35 . 8 9 3 .40 19 . 98 57 . 8 6New Zealand 27 . 6 8 2 . 26 15 . 77 44 . 66F i j i :3 . 0 8 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 . 0 5Total 3 .949 100 .00 759 100.00 1.948 100.00 B.B58 100 .00, Definitions are as in the attached text ., Percentages ma y not add due to r o und i ng .Prepared by:Health Manpowe r Research Un itThe Un ivers ity of Brit ish Columbia0­......62Figure 10:Percentage Distribution of Non-Postgraduate Physiciansin British Columbia by Place of GraduationSeptember 1987(N=6,077)UnknownOceania ~Africa ~Asia ~Europe ~'7'7"".777"'7'"South America INorth 8t Central America ~Non-Canadian SubtotalAtlantic Region ~Quebec~Ontario~""7'"7'"':l""7'"7'"':lManitoba~Saskatchewan ~Alberta~British Columbia _IoPrep.r.d by :He.lth Menpow.r A•••• rch UnitThe Univenlty of BriU.h Columbi.I I I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 10 Number and Percentage Distribution of Non-Postgraduate Physicians 'in British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictSeptember 1987Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capi tal Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' 2!!!mber Percent'Canadian Subtotal 2,291 67.30 497 87.99 1,315 87 .71 4,103 67 .52Newfoundland 18 . 53 6 . 8 2 19 . 98 43 .7 1Nova Scot ia 58 1. 70 19 2 .60 58 2 .99 135 2 .22Quebec 233 6 .84 56 7 .66 89 4 .58 378 6 .22Ontar io 541 15 .89 133 18 .19 279 14 .37 953 15 .68Man itoba 201 5 .90 44 6 .02 119 6 .13 364 5 .99Saskatchewan 10 5 3 . 0 8 16 2 .19 85 4.38 206 3 .39Alberta 294 8 .64 1 11 15.18 272 14 .01 677 11 .14Br itish Columb ia 841 24 .71 112 15 . 3 2 394 20 .29 1. 3 47 22 .17Non-Canadian Subtotal 1,113 32 .70 234 32 .01 827 32.28 1.974 32 .48N. & Central America SUbtotal 84 2.47 11 1.50 37 1.91 132 2.17Mex ico 3 . 0 9 0 . 00 2 . 10 5 . 0 8United States 69 2 .03 10 1. 37 33 1. 70 112 1.84Cuba 1 . 0 3 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Jama ica il . 3 2 1 . 14 2 . to 14 . 23South America Subtotal 12 . 35 3 .41 0 . 00 15 . 25Argent ina 2 . 0 6 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 0 3Bolivia 0 . 00 1 . 14 0 .00 1 . 0 2Braz i 1 1 .03 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Ch i le 4 .12 1 .14 0 . 00 5 . 0 8Colombia 3 . 0 9 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 .05Peru 2 . 0 6 0 . 00 0 .00 2 . 0 3Uruguay 0 .00 1 . 14 0 . 00 1 .02Europe Sub total 680 19 .98 188 25 .72 453 23 .33 1,321 21 .74Austr ia 8 . 24 0 .00 3 . 15 11 . 18Belg ium 2 . 0 6 0 . 00 1 . 0 5 3 . 0 5Czechoslovakia 19 . 56 1 . 14 5 . 26 25 . 4 1Denmark 1 . 0 3 1 . 14 1 . 0 5 3 .05East Germany 0 . 0 0 1 .14 1 . 0 5 2 . 0 3Finland 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 .00 1 .02France 5 . 15 0 . 00 2 . 10 7 . 12Greece 6 . 18 0 . 00 0 . 00 6 . 10Hunga ry 8 . 24 2 . 27 6 . 3 1 16 . 26Irish RepUblic (E ire) 69 2 .03 10 1. 37 53 2 .73 132 2 .17Italy 6 . 18 1 . 14 0 . 00 7 .12Mal ta 1 .0 3 0 . 00 1 . 0 5 2 . 0 3Netherl ands 13 . 38 3 .41 12 .62 28 . 46Poland 10 . 29 0 . 00 1 . 0 5 11 . 18Roman ia 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 10 2 . 0 3Spain 3 . 0 9 1 . 14 1 . 0 5 5 . 0 8Sweden 3 . 09 0 .00 0 . 00 3 . 0 5SW itzerland 6 . 18 0 .00 1 . 0 5 7 . 12.. . . . con t inued 0'WTable 10(Continued)Number and Percentage Dlstrtbutton of Non-Postgraduate Phystctans'In British Columbia by Place of Graduatlon by Regional Hospital DtstrlctSeptember 19870\.f:'-Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B .C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'United Kingdom 493 i4 .48 166 22 .7i 351 18 .07 1.010 16.62USSR (Russia) 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .02West Germany 15 . 44 2 . 27 12 . 6 2 29 . 48Yugoslavia 10 . 29 0 . 00 0 . 00 10 .16Asia Subtotal 204 5 .99 16 2 .19 58 2 .99 278 4 .57Burma 2 .06 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 0 3Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .02China 19 . 56 3 . 4 1 2 . 10 24 . 39Taiwan (Formosa) 21 . 6 2 0 . 00 6 . 3 1 27 .44Hong Kong 45 1. 32 2 .27 2 .10 49 . 8 1India 39 1. 15 5 . 68 31 1.60 75 1.23Indonesia 1 .03 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Iran 9 . 26 2 . 27 1 . 0 5 12 . 20Israel 5 . 15 0 . 00 0 . 00 5 . 0 8Japan 5 . 15 0 . 00 0 . 00 5 . 0 8Lebanon 1 . 0 3 0 .00 1 . 0 5 2 . 0 3Malays ia 3 . 0 9 0 .00 0 . 00 3 . 0 5Pakistan 4 . 12 1 . 14 2 . 10 7 . 12Ph i lippines 26 . 76 3 . 4 1 9 . 46 38 .63Singapore 5 . 15 0 .00 0 .00 5 . 0 8Korea, South 13 . 38 0 . 00 4 . 2 1 17 . 28Syria 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 2Turkey 2 . 06 0 .00 0 .00 2 . 0 3Vietnam, South 2 . 0 6 0 .00 0 . 00 2 . 0 3Africa Subtotal 77 2 .26 11 1.50 45 2 .32 133 2 .19Ghana 0 . 0 0 0 .00 1 . 0 5 1 . 0 2Nigeria 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 5 1 . 0 2Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) 2 . 0 6 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 .03South Africa 64 1.88 10 1. 37 36 1.85 110 1. 8 1Uganda 6 . 18 0 . 00 4 . 2 1 10 . 16Arab Rep . of Egypt(U .A .R ) 5 . 15 1 . 14 3 . 15 9 . 15Oceania Subtotal 56 1.65 5 . 68 34 1. 75 95 1.56Austral ia 29 . 85 3 . 4 i 19 . 9 8 51 . 8 4New Zealand 24 . 7 1 2 . 27 15 . 77 41 .67Fiji 3 . 0 9 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 . 0 5Total 3,404 100 .00 731 100.00 1,942 100.00 6,077 100.00I Defin itions are as in the attached text., Percentages may not add due to round ing.Prepared by :Health Manpower Research UnitThe Un ivers ity of British ColumbiaPSYCHOLOGISTSPSYCHOLOGISTSSource of Data:British Columbia Psychological Association (BCPA)lODefinition:Psychologists must be registered with the BCPA. The tables includeregistered psychologists who had a B.C. address at the date of record.(See ROLLCALL 87 for a detailed definition of this group.)Date of Record:December, 1987 .Discussion:Canadian graduates account for 65.3 percent of the 705 registeredpsychologists in the Province. B.C. graduates represent 36 percent ofthe total with Ontario graduates accounting for an additional 13.3percent. See Table 11.Of the 245 non-Canadian graduates, 79.2 percent are from the UnitedStates (27.5% of the total). When looking at these percentages byRegional Hospital District, graduates of U.S. programs are the singlelargest group in Other B.C. (33.6%), while B.C. graduates compriseonly 28.1 percent.As psychologists appear in this report for the first time, comparabledata for previous years are unavailable.lOIn order to practice as a psychologist in British Columbia, it isnecessary to be registered by the British Columbia PsychologicalAssociation.6768Figure 11:Percentage Distribution of Registered Psychologistsin British Columbia by Place of GraduationDecember 1987(N =705)Unknown IOceania ~Africa IAsia IEurope~South America INorth & Central America~Non -Canadian SubtotalCanadian SubtotalAtlantic Region ~Quebec ~Ontario _Manitoba ~Saskatchewan ~Alberta~British Columbia _=====777.IoPrepared by :Heelth Manpower Re.earch UnitThe University of Briti.h ColumbiaI20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 11 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Regtstered Psychologtsts'tn Brtttsh Columbta by Place of GradUatton by Regtonal Hospttal DtstrtctDecember 1987Reg ional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduat ion Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadian SUbtotal 295 66 .89 83 70.34 82 58 .18 480 85.25Newfoundland 1 . 23 1 . 85 1 .68 3 . 4 3Nova Scotia 1 . 23 0 . 00 2 1.37 3 . 43New Brunswick 1 . 23 0 .00 2 1. 37 3 . 43Quebec 23 5.22 3 2 .54 0 . 00 26 3 .69Ontar io 55 12.47 18 15.25 21 14.38 94 13.33Manitoba 6 1. 36 3 2 .54 2 1. 37 1 1 1.56Saskatchewan 8 1.81 2 1.69 5 3 .42 15 2 .13Alberta 33 7.48 10 8 .47 8 5 .48 51 7.23British Columbia 167 37 .87 46 38 .98 41 28 .08 254 36 .03Non-Canadtan Subtotal' 148 33.11 35 29.86 84 43 .84 245 34.75N. & Central America Subtotal 114 25.85 32 27 .12 49 33 .56 195 27 .66Mexico 1 .23 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 14United States 113 25 .62 32 27 .12 49 33.56 194 27.52South America SUbtotal 1 .23 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 14Chile 1 .23 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 14Europe Subtotal 25 5 .67 3 2.54 13 8 .90 41 5 .B2Belgium 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .68 1 . 14Czechoslovak ia 2 .45 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 28Italy 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 68 1 .14Netherlands 2 .45 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 2 . 28Poland 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 68 1 . 14SWitzerland 1 . 23 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 14United Kingdom 16 3.63 2 1. 69 8 5 .48 26 3 .69West Germany 3 . 68 1 .85 2 1.37 6 . 85Yugoslavia 1 . 23 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 1 .1 4Asia Subtotal 1 . 23 0 . 00 1 . 68 2 . 28India 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 68 1 .14Ph ilipp ines 1 . 23 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .1 4. .. • • cant f nu ed0\\0Table 11(Contfnued)Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Regfstered Psychologfsts'fn Brftish Columbia by Place of Graduatfon by Regtonal Hospttal DtstrtctDecember 1987.......oPlace of GraduationRegional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital Other B.C.Number 'Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'TotalNumber Percent'Africa SUbtotalSouth AfricaOceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandUnknown SUbtotalTotal22211441.45 0 . 00 0 .00.45 0 .00 0 .00.45 0 . 00 1 .68.23 0 . 0 0 0 .00. 23 0 . 0 0 1 .68.23 0 . 0 0 0 .00100.00 118 100.00 148 100.0022312705. 28.28.43.14.28. 14100.00I Definitions are as in the attached text., Percentages may not add due to rounding.1 Includes unknowns .Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British ColumbiaREGISTERED NURSESREGISTERED NURSESSource of Data:Registered Nurses Association of British Columbia (RNABC)ll.Definition:Practising or Non-practising Registered Nurses were registered withthe RNABC on the date of record and had B.C . addresses. A"practising" Registered Nurse mayor may not be employed in nursing.A "non-practising" Registered Nurse must apply for "practising"membership upon commencing employment in the field. (See ROLLCALL 87for a detailed definition of this group.)Date of Record:June, 1987 .Discussion:Data are presented for the entire membership in Table 12 and Figure12 . Table 13 and Figure 13 depict only those practising members whoare employed in nursing and data for non-practising members are inTable 14 and Figure 14.In Table 12 and Figure 12, Canadian graduates account for 84.2percent of the total number of registered nurses (25,838); B.C.graduates represent 48.9 percent of this total, a slight increasefrom the 1985 figure (47.8%); 11% are Ontario graduates. Non­Canadian graduates make up 15 .8 percent of the total number . Ofthese 4,085 non-Canadian graduates, 44.3 percent are from the UnitedKingdom and 27 .9 percent are from Asia, the majority having graduatedfrom the Philippines (20%) .Table 13 shows that British Columbia graduates represent 52 percentof practising nurses employed in nursing in the Capital RegionalHospital District; 48 percent in the Greater Vancouver RegionalHospital District and 49.5 percent in the Other B.C. HospitalDistricts. This table also indicates that among those practising,employed in nursing, there is a much higher proportion of graduatesllThe designation Registered Nurse (RN) is conferred by theRegistered Nurses Association of British Columbia upon those who have metthe requirements for registration as stated in the Nurses (Registered)Act.7374from non-Canadian programs in the Greater Vancouver Regional HospitalDistrict (20.1%) than in either the Capital Regional HospitalDistrict (11.5%) or Other B.C. Hospital Districts (11.2%).B.C. graduates (Table 14) represent an almost equal proportion(49.2%) of the total non-practising membership, compared to theirpractising (Table 13) counterparts employed in nursing (48 .9%). Theproportion of Canadian graduates for non-practicing registered nursesand for the entire membership in Table 12 is the same (84.1%).I~r-----------------------------------------,Figure 12:Percentage Distribution of Registered Nursesin British Columbia by Place of GraduationJune 1987(N=25,838)Unknown IOceania ~Africa IAsia ~Europe~South America INorth &. Centr~1 America ~Non-Canadian SubtotalCanadian SubtotalAtlantic Region ~Quebec ~Ontario~Manitoba ~Saskatchewan ~Alberta~British Columbia _,"",===07777'='=='777.IoPrep.red by:H•• lth M.npDwer R•••• rch UnitThe Univereity Df Briti.h ColumbiaI20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100--..JCJ'Table 12 Number and Percentage Distribution of Registered Nurses'in British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital District,",une 1987Reg ional Hosp ital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadian SUbtotal 10,315 80.12 2,859 87 .67 8.579 88.42 21,753 84.19Newfoundland 127 .99 28 . 86 65 .67 220 . 8 5Prince Edward Island 23 . 18 6 . 18 30 .31 59 .23Nova Scotia 213 1.65 59 1 .81 153 1. 58 425 1.64New Brunswick 120 .93 29 .89 97 1.00 246 . 9 5Quebec 411 3 .24 66 2 .02 181 1.81 664 2 .51Ontar io 1 .385 10 .16 380 11 .65 1 ,065 10.98 2 .830 10 .95Manitoba 564 4 .38 160 4 .91 452 4.66 1.116 4 .55Saskatchewan 413 3 .61 166 5 .09 660 6 .80 1 .299 5 .03Alberta 829 6 .44 309 9 .48 1 ,063 10 .96 2 .201 8.52British Columbia 6,164 41 .88 1,656 50 .18 4 ,813 49 .60 12,633 48 .89Non -Canadian Subtotal' 2 ,559 19.88 402 12.33 1,124 11.58 4,085 15 .81N. & Cent ral America SUbtotal 226 1. 16 49 1. 50 184 1. 90 459 1 .188ermuda 0 .00 0 . 0 0 1 . 0 1 1 . 00Untted States 2\8 1 . 69 46 \ . 4 \ 176 \ . 8 \ 440 1. 70Bahamas 1 .0 1 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 00Barbados 0 . 00 0 . 0 0 1 . 0 1 1 . 00Be l ize (Honduras , British) 0 . 0 0 0 . 00 \ . 0 \ 1 . 00.Jamaica 5 . 0 4 2 . 0 6 3 . 0 3 10 . 0 4St . Lucia 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 1 .00St . Vincent \ .0\ 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 00Trinidad and Tobago 1 . 0 1 1 . 0 3 1 . 0 1 3 .01South Amer ica Subtotal 1\ .09 2 . 0 6 3 . 0 3 16 . 0 6Argent ina 4 .03 0 . 0 0 1 . 0 1 5 . 0 2Chi Ie 5 .04 0 . 00 0 .00 5 . 0 2Guyana 1 . 0 1 1 . 0 3 1 . 0 1 3 . 0 1Peru 1 .01 1 .03 0 . 00 2 . 0 1Uruguay 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 1 . 00Europe SUbtotal 1 ,138 8 .84 210 8 .28 669 6 .89 2.071 8 .04Austr ia 1 . 0 5 2 . 0 6 3 . 0 3 12 . 0 5Belgium 1 .01 1 . 0 3 1 . 0 1 3 . 0 1Czechoslovak ia 3 . 0 2 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 . 0 1Denmark 14 . 11 0 . 00 15 . 15 29 . 11Finland 6 . 0 5 0 . 00 3 . 0 3 9 . 0 3France 4 . 0 3 0 .00 \ . 0 1 5 . 0 2Greece 2 .02 0 . 00 0 .00 2 . 0 1Ir tsh Republic (Eire) 18 . 14 1 . 0 3 9 . 09 28 . 11Netherlands 35 . 21 8 . 25 34 . 35 71 . 30Norway 4 . 0 3 0 . 00 5 . 05 9 . 0 3Poland 2 .02 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 0 1Portuga l 2 .02 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 3 . 0 1. . . . . continuedTable 12(Cont inued)Number and Percentage DtstrtbUtton of Regtstered Nurses'tn Brtt tsh Columbta by Place of Graduatton by Regtonal Hospttal Dtstrtct.June 1987Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . To t a lNumber Percent' Numb e r Percent ' Number Percent ' Number Percent'Spa in 3 . 0 2 0 . 0 0 1 . 0 1 4 . 0 2Sweden 11 .09 0 . 00 6 . 0 6 17 . 0 7SWitzerland 2 .02 0 . 00 3 . 0 3 5 . 0 2United Kingdom 990 7 .69 257 7 .88 563 5 .80 1 , 8 10 7 .01Yugoslavia 2 . 0 2 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 3 . 0 1Germany (East or West)' 32 . 25 0 . 0 0 24 . 25 56 . 22As ia Subtotal 964 7 .49 46 1 . 41 13 1 1.35 " 141 4 .42Sri Lanka (Ceylon) 1 . 0 1 0 .00 1 . 0 1 2 . 0 1China 0 . 0 0 1 . 0 3 0 .00 1 . 00Taiwan (Formosa) 1 1 . 0 9 1 . 0 3 0 .00 12 . 0 5Hong Kong 177 1.37 4 . 12 11 . 11 192 . 74Ind ia 25 . 19 4 . 12 14 . 14 43 .17Iran 1 . 0 1 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 2 . 0 1Israel I . 0 1 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 00Japan 4 . 0 3 1 . 0 3 0 . 00 5 .02Lebanon 2 . 0 2 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 .o tMacao I . 0 1 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 00MalaYS ia 10 . 0 8 1 . 0 3 3 . 0 3 14 . 0 5Pakistan 3 . 0 2 0 .00 0 . 00 3 .01Phil ippines 686 5 .33 32 . 98 98 1 .01 816 3.16Singapore 16 . 12 I . 0 3 3 . 0 3 20 . 0 8Thai land 1 . 0 1 0 . 00 0 .00 1 . 00Turkey 1 .01 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 00Korea (North or South)' 24 .19 0 . 00 1 .01 25 . 10Africa Subtotal 39 . 30 6 . 18 18 . 19 63 . 2 4Ghana 0 . 0 0 0 . 0 0 1 . 0 1 1 . 00Kenya 10 . 0 8 0 . 00 0 .00 iO . 0 4Nigeria 2 .02 0 .00 1 . 0 1 3 . 0 1Zimbabwe (RhodeSia) 1 .01 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 2 . 0 1South Afr i ca 20 .16 6 . 18 13 .13 39 . 15Arab Rep . o f Egypt(U.A .R .) 6 . 0 5 0 .00 2 . 0 2 8 . 0 3Oceania Subtotal 177 1. 37 29 . 89 119 1. 23 325 1. 26Austral ia 104 . 8 1 14 .43 74 . 76 192 . 74New Zealand 73 . 5 7 15 . 46 45 . 46 133 . 5 1Unknown SUbtotal 4 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 .00 4 . 0 2Total 12.874 100.00 3 .261 100 .00 9.703 100.00 25 .838 100 .00I Defin it ions are as in the attached text ., Percentages may not add due to round ing .1 Includes u nknowns ., Not spec If l e d .Pr e p a r e d by : ..........Health Manpower Resea rch Un itThe University of British Columbia78Figure 13:Percentage Distribution of Practising Registered NursesEmployed in Nursing in British Columbia by Place of GraduationJune 1987(N=22,130)Unknown IOceania ~Africa IAsia ~Europe~South America INorth lit Central America ~Non-Canadian Subtotal..Canadian SubtotalAtlantic Region ~Quebec ~Ontario~Manitoba ~Saskatchewan ~Alberta~British Columbia _=========IoPrep Ired by :H•• lth M.npow.r R•••• rch UnitThe Unlv."ity of Britilh ColumbleI I I I20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 13 Number and Percentage Distribution of Practising Registered Nurses Employed In Nurstng'tn British Columbia by Place of GradUation by Regional Hospital District.June 1987Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadian SUbtotal 8.853 79 .71 2.420 88 .51 7.365 88 .84 18.638 84 .22Newfoundland 115 1.04 25 . 9 1 55 . 66 195 . 88Prince Edward Island 21 19 6 . 22 26 . 3 1 53 .24Nova Scotia 187 1.68 52 1.90 132 1.59 371 1.68New Brunswick 103 .93 27 . 99 85 1.03 215 .97Quebec 349 3.14 50 1.83 148 1. 79 547 2.47Ontario 1, i59 10 .44 325 11 .89 916 11 .05 2.400 10 .85Man i toba 483 4 .35 i30 4 .75 387 4 .67 1.000 4.52Saskatchewan 399 3.59 i40 5.12 584 7 .04 1.123 5.07Alberta 712 6 .41 244 8.92 926 11 .17 1.882 8.50Brit ish Columbia 5,325 47 .95 1,421 51.98 4,106 49 .53 10.852 49 .04Non-Canadian Subtotal' 2,253 20 .29 314 11 .49 925 11.18 3.492 15.78N. & Central America Subtotal 188 1.69 34 1. 24 132 1.59 354 1.60Bermuda 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .01 1 . 00United States 180 t . 6 2 31 1. 13 125 1. 51 336 1.52Bahamas 1 . 0 1 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 00Barbados 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 1 . 00Belize (Honduras. Br itish) 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 1 . 00Jamaica 5 .05 2 . 0 7 3 . 0 4 10 . 0 5St . Lucia 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . Oi 1 .00St . Vincent 1 .01 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 .00Trinidad and Tobago 1 . 0 1 1 . 0 4 0 .00 2 .01South Amer ica Subtotal 8 . 0 7 2 . 0 7 2 .02 12 .05Argent ina 4 . 0 4 0 . 00 0 . 00 4 . 0 2Chile 3 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 . 0 1Guyana 1 . 0 1 1 . 0 4 1 .01 3 . 0 1Peru 0 . 00 1 . 0 4 0 . 00 1 .00Uruguay 0 . 00 0 .00 1 .0 1 1 .00Europe Subtotal 973 8 .76 213 7 .79 561 6 .77 1.747 7 .89Austria 5 . 0 5 2 . 0 7 3 .0 4 10 . 0 5Belgium t . 0 1 1 . 0 4 i . 0 1 3 . 0 1Czechoslovakia 2 . 0 2 0 .00 0 .00 2 . 0 1Denmark 14 . 13 0 . 00 12 . 14 26 .12Finland 6 . 0 5 0 . 00 2 .02 8 .04France 3 .03 0 .00 1 .01 4 .02Greece 2 . 0 2 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 .01Irish Republic (Eire) 16 . 14 1 .04 9 . 11 26 . 12Netherlands 32 . 29 6 . 22 29 . 35 67 . 30Norway 3 .03 0 . 00 5 . 0 6 8 . 0 4Poland 1 .o i 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .00Portugal 2 . 0 2 1 . 0 4 0 .00 3 .01.... . cont inued.....\0Table 13(Continued)Number and Percentage Distribution of Practising Registered Nurses Employed In Nursing'In British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital District~une 1987ceoPlace of GraduationSpainSwedenSWitzerlandUnited KingdomYugoslaviaGermany (East or West)'Asia SUbtotalSri lanka (Ceylon)ChinaTaiwan (Formosa)Hong KongIndiaIranIsrael"'apanlebanonMacaoMalaysiaPakistanPh ilippinesSingaporeThai landTurkeyKorea (North or South)'Africa SUbtotalKenyaNigeriaZimbabwe (Rhodesia)South AfricaArab Rep . of Egypt(U.A.R.)Oceania SUbtotalAustral iaNew ZealandUnknown SubtotalTotalRegional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'3 . 0 3 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 4 . 0 26 . 0 5 0 . 00 5 . 0 6 11 . 0 52 . 0 2 0 .00 1 . 0 1 3 .01847 7 .63 202 7.39 471 5.68 1.520 6.872 .0 2 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 3 .0126 . 23 0 . 00 20 . 24 46 . 2 1901 8 .11 38 1. 39 117 1. 41 1,056 4.771 .01 0 .00 1 .0 1 2 .010 . 00 1 . 0 4 0 . 00 1 . 0010 . 0 9 1 . 0 4 0 . 00 11 .05156 1.40 2 . 0 7 8 . 10 166 . 7 524 .22 3 . 11 12 .14 39 .181 . 0 1 1 .04 0 . 00 2 . 0 11 . 0 1 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .003 . 0 3 1 . 0 4 0 . 00 4 . 0 21 . 0 1 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 001 .ot 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .008 .07 1 .04 3 . 0 4 12 .052 . 0 2 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 . 0 1657 5 .92 27 .99 90 1.09 774 3 .5015 . 14 1 .04 3 .04 19 . 0 91 . 0 1 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 001 . 0 1 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 0019 . 17 0 . 00 0 . 00 19 . 0 932 . 29 6 .22 12 . 14 50 .238 . 0 7 0 .00 0 . 00 8 . 0 41 . 0 1 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 001 . 0 1 0 . 00 1 . 0 1 2 .0117 . 15 6 .22 10 .12 33 .155 . 0 5 0 .00 1 . 0 1 6 .03148 1. 33 21 . 77 101 1. 22 270 1.2288 . 79 11 . 40 62 . 75 161 . 7360 . 5 4 10 .37 39 . 47 109 . 493 . 0 3 0 . 00 0 . 00 3 . 0 111,108 100 .00 2,734 100.00 8,290 100.00 22,130 100.00, Definitions are as in the attached text, Percentages may not add due to rounding ., Includes unknowns ., Not specified.Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe Un iversity of British Columb iaFigure 14:Percentage Distribution of Non-Practising RegisteredNurses in British Columbia by Place of GraduationJune 1987(N=2,823)Unknown IOceania ~Africa IAsia ~Europe~South America INorth lit Central America ~Non-Canadian SubtotalCanadian SubtotalAtlantic Region ~Quebec ~Ontario~Manitoba ~Saskatchewan ~Alberta~British Columbia _=========81IoPrepared by:Haelth Manpower Reaearch UnitThe University of Britiah ColumbiaI20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI10000NTable 14 Number and Percentage DistribUtIon of Non-Practising Registered Nurses'In British Columbia by Place of GradUation by Regional Hospital District,",une 1987Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduat10n Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent I Number Percent'Canadian Subtotal 1,128 83.49 302 82.51 945 85.44 2,375 84.13NeWfoundland 10 . 7 4 2 . 55 6 . 5 4 18 .64Prince Edward Island 1 . 0 7 0 . 00 3 .27 4 .14Nova Scotia 20 1.48 4 1.09 13 1. 18 37 1. 31New Brunswick 9 . 67 1 .27 9 . 8 1 19 . 67Quebec 57 4 .22 11 3.01 22 1.99 90 3 .19Ontario 171 12 .66 38 10.38 118 10.67 327 11.58Manitoba 59 4.37 16 4.37 54 4 .88 129 4 .57Saskatchewan 53 3.92 16 4.37 61 5 .52 130 4.61Alberta 88 6 .51 41 11.20 103 9 .31 232 8.22British Columbia 660 48 .85 173 47 .27 556 50 .27 1.389 49 .20Non-Canadian Subtotal' 223 18.51 84 17.49 181 14.58 448 15.87N. & Central America Subtotal 25 1.85 10 2.73 42 3 .80 77 2.73United States 25 1.85 10 2 .73 41 3 .71 76 2 .69Trinidad and Tobago 0 .00 0 .00 1 .09 1 .04South America SUbtotal 1 . 0 7 0 . 00 1 .09 2 . 0 7Argentina 0 . 00 0 .00 1 .09 1 .04Chi Ie 1 .07 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .04Europe SUbtotal 129 9 .55 44 12.02 89 8 .05 262 9.28Austria 2 . 15 0 . 00 0 . 00 2 .07Denmark 0 .00 0 .00 3 . 27 3 . 11France 1 . 0 7 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .04Irish Republic (Eire) 2 .15 0 .00 0 . 00 2 .07Netherlands 2 . 15 2 . 55 4 .36 8 . 28Norway 1 . 0 7 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 0 4Sweden 3 .22 0 .00 0 .00 3 . 11SWitzerland 0 .00 0 .00 2 . 18 2 .07United Kingdom 113 8.36 42 11.48 76 6 .87 231 8.18Germany (East or West)' 5 . 37 0 .00 4 . 36 9 . 32Asta Subtotal 42 3. 11 5 1.37 10 . 90 57 2.02Hong Kong 17 1. 26 2 .55 3 .27 22 .78India 0 .00 0 . 00 1 .09 1 . 0 4Japan 1 . 07 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 0 4Malaysia 2 . 15 0 .00 0 . 00 2 .07Philippines 19 1. 41 3 .82 5 .45 21 .96Korea (North or South)' 3 .22 0 .00 1 .09 4 .14.... . cont inuedTable 14(Cont inued)Place of GraduationNumber and Percentage Distribution of Non-Practising Registered NurS8S'in British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital District~une 1987Regional Hospital DistrictGreater Vancouver Capital Other B.C .Number Percent ' Number Percent ' Number Percent'TotalNumber Percent'Africa SubtotalGhanaKenyaNigeriaSouth AfricaArab Rep. of Egypt(U .A.R.)Oceania SubtotalAustraliaNew ZealandUnknown SubtotalTotalI Definitions are as in the attached text ., Percentages may not add due to rounding ., Includes unknowns.• Not specified.Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British Columbia6o2o31191181,351. 44 0 .00 6 .54.00 0 .00 1 . 0 9. 15 0 . 00 0 . 00. 00 0 .00 1 .09. 22 0 .00 3 .27. 0 7 0 .00 1 . 091. 41 5 1.37 13 1. 18. 8 1 1 .27 10 .90. 59 4 1.09 3 .27. 0 7 0 . 00 0 . 00100.00 366 100.00 1,106 100.0012121623722152,823.43. 0 4. 0 7. 0 4.21.071. 31. 78.53. 0 4100.00oewREGISTERED PSYCHIATRIC NURSES86REGISTERED PSYCHIATRIC NURSESSource of Data:Registered Psychiatric Nurses Association of British Columbia(RPNABC)12Definition:Registered Psychiatric Nurses may hold either an Active or Inactivemembership. Active members mayor may not be employed in nursing .Inactive members may not be employed in nursing.The tables, derived from the register of the RPNABC, includeregistered psychiatric nurses who reported a B.C . address at thedate of record. (See ROLLCALL 87 for a detailed definition of thisgroup.)Date of Record:October, 1987.Discussion:Data are presented for the entire membership in Table 15 and Figure15 . Table 16 and Figure 16 consist only of active registeredmembers and all inactive registered members are in Table 17 andFigure 17.In Table 15, Canadian graduates account for 82 .5 percent of thetotal number of registered psychiatric nurses (2,452); B.C .graduates represent 68.3 percent of this total . Non-Canadiangraduates make up 17 .5 percent of the total number. Of these 428non-Canadian graduates, 93.7 percent, are from the United Kingdom .From this latter group, the vast majority (65% or 262) reside in theGreater Vancouver Regional Hospital District.Table 16 shows that British Columbia graduates represent 68 percentof all active R.P.N.s in the Greater Vancouver Regional HospitalDistrict; 64.3 percent in Other B.C.; and only 48.9 percent in the12The designation Registered Psychiatric Nurse (R.P.N.) is conferredby the Registered Psychiatric Nurses Association of British Columbia uponthose who have met the requirements for registration as stated in theNurses (Psychiatric) Act.Capital Regional Hospital District . In the Capital RegionalHospital District, 19.3 percent are graduates of Manitoba programsand 14.1 percent are graduates of Saskatchewan programs . It shouldbe noted that R.P.N. diploma training is available only in theWestern Provinces.In Table 17, B.C. graduates represent a much larger proportion ofthe total inactive membership (79 .7%) compared to their activecounterparts in Table 16 (65.4%). The proportion of Canadiangraduates is also much larger, 91.1 percent, while the non-Canadiangraduate total is much smaller (8.9%). In comparison, the non­Canadian total for the entire membership is 17.5 percent and 19.6percent for the active membership.As registered psychiatric nurses appear in this report for the firsttime, comparable data for previous years are unavailable .8788Figure 15:Percentage Distribution of Registered PsychiatricNurses in British Columbia by Place of GraduationOctober 1987(N=2,452)UnknownOceania IAfricaAsia ~Europe~South AmericaNorth III Central America INon-Canadian Subtotal _Canadian SubtotalAtlantic RegionQuebecOntarioManitoba~Saskatchewan~Alberta ~British ColumbiaIoPrepared by :H•• lth M.npow.r R•••• reh UnitThe Univer.ity of Britilh ColumbiaI20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 15 Number and Percentage Dtstrtbutton of Regtstered Psychtatrtc Nurses'In Brlttsh Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regtonal Hospital DistrictOctober 1987Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent·Canadian Subtotal 1,161 80.91 137 86.16 726 84.62 2,024 82.54Manitoba 61 4.25 28 17.61 50 5.83 139 5 .67Saskatchewan 67 4.67 22 13 .84 63 7.34 152 6 .20Alberta 23 1.60 5 3 .14 30 3.50 58 2.37British Columbia 1.010 70.38 82 51.57 583 67 .95 1 .675 68 .31Non-Canadian Subtotal 274 19.09 22 13.84 132 15.38 428 17.48N. & Central America Subtotal 0 .00 1 . 63 0 .00 1 . 0 4United States 0 .00 1 . 6 3 0 .00 1 . 0 4Europe Subtotal 264 18.40 20 12.58 127 14.80 411 16.76Netherlands 2 . 14 1 . 6 3 3 . 35 6 . 24Sweden 0 . 00 0 .00 1 .12 1 . 0 4SWitzerland 0 . 00 1 . 63 1 . 12 2 .08United Kingdom 262 18.26 18 11.32 121 14.10 401 16 .35West Germany 0 .00 0 . 00 1 . 12 1 .04Asia Subtotal 9 .63 0 .00 5 .58 14 .57Hong Kong 8 .56 0 . 00 2 .23 10 . 4 1Singapore 1 . 0 7 0 . 00 3 .35 4 . 16Oceania Subtotal 1 .07 1 . 6 3 0 .00 2 .08Australia 1 . 0 7 0 .00 0 .00 1 . 0 4New Zealand 0 . 00 1 . 63 0 . 00 1 .04Total 1.435 100.00 159 100.00 858 100.00 2,452 100.00I Definitions are as in the attached text., Percentages may not add due to rounding .Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British Columbia00\090Figure 16:Percentage Distribution of Active Registered PsychiatricNurses in British Columbia by Place of GraduationOctober 1987(N=1,959)UnknownOceania IAfricaAsia ~Europe~South AmericaNorth & Central America INon-Canadian SubtotalCanadian SubtotalAtlantic RegionOuebecOntarioManitoba~Saskatchewan~Alberta ~British ColumbiaIoPrepared by :Health Manpower Re.euch UnitThe Univerlity of Briti.h ColumbiaI20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 18 Number and Percentage Distribution of Active Registered Psychiatric Nurses'In British Columbia by Place of GradUation by Regional Hospital DistrictOctober 1987Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C . TotalNumber-Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadian SUbtotal 925 78 .72 116 85 .93 534 82.28 1,575 80.40Manitoba 47 4 .00 26 19 .26 40 6 .16 i13 5 .77Saskatchewan 58 4 .94 19 14 .07 51 7.86 128 6 .53Alberta 21 1. 79 5 3.70 26 4.01 52 2.65British Columbia 799 68 .00 66 48 .89 417 64.25 1,282 65 .44Non-Canadian Subtotal 250 21 .28 19 14 .07 115 17.72 384 19.80N. 8& Central America Subtotal a .00 1 . 7 4 0 . 00 1 .05United States a . 00 1 . 74 a .00 1 .05Europe Subtotal 240 20 .43 17 12 .59 111 17 .10 368 18 .79Netherlands 2 . 17 1 .74 3 .46 6 .31Sweden a .00 a .00 1 . 15 1 .05Switzerland 0 .00 1 . 7 4 0 .00 1 .05United Kingdom 238 20.26 15 11 . 11 106 16.33 359 18.33West Germany a . 00 a .00 1 .15 1 .05Asia SUbtotal 9 . 77 0 .00 4 .62 13 . 66Hong Kong 8 .68 a .00 2 . 3 1 10 .51Singapore 1 .09 a . 00 2 .31 3 .15Oceania Subtotal 1 . 0 9 1 . 74 0 . 00 2 . 10Australia 1 .09 a . 00 a .00 1 .05New Zealand 0 . 00 1 . 74 a . 00 1 . 0 5Total 1,175 100.00 135 100 .00 649 100.00 1,959 100.00I Definitions are as in t he attached text., Percentages may not add due to rounding .Prepared by :Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British Columbia\0....92Figure 17:Percentage Distribution of Inactive Registered PsychiatricNurses in British Columbia by Place of GraduationOctober 1987(N=493)UnknownOceaniaAfricaAsia IEurope~South AmericaNorth &. Central AmericaNon-Canadian SUbtotal.Canadian SubtotalAtlantic RegionQuebecOntarioManitoba~Saskatchewan ~Alberta ~British ColumbiaIoPrepared by:Health Manpow.r R••• .rch UnitThe Univenity of Briti,h ColumbiaI20 40 60 80Percentage DistributionI100Table 17 Number and Percentage DistribUtion of Inactive Regist.red Psychiatric Nurses'in British Columbia by Place of Graduation by Regional Hospital DistrictOctober 1987Regional Hospital DistrictPlace of Graduation Greater Vancouver Capital Other B.C. TotalNumber Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent' Number Percent'Canadfan SUbtotal 238 90 .77 21 87.50 192 91.87 449 91.08Manitoba 14 5.38 2 8 .33 10 4.78 26 5.27Saskatchewan 9 3 .46 3 12.50 12 5.74 24 4.87Alberta 2 .77 0 . 00 4 1.91 6 1.22British Columbia 211 81 .15 16 66.67 166 79.43 393 19.12Non-Canadfan Subtotal 24 9 .23 3 12.50 17 8.13 44 8 .92Europe Subtotal 24 9 .23 3 12 .50 16 1 .66 43 8 .12Switzerland 0 .00 0 .00 1 .48 1 .20United Kingdom 24 9 .23 3 12.50 15 1.18 42 8.52Asia Subtotal 0 . 00 0 . 00 1 . 48 1 . 20Singapore 0 . 0 0 0 .00 1 .48 1 . 20Total 280 100.00 24 100.00 209 100 .00 493 100.00I Definitions are as in the attached text., Percentages may not add due to rounding .Prepared by:Health Manpower Research UnitThe University of British Columbia\0W

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