UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Electroactive polymer actuator online database Shkuratoff, K. A.; Genereux, N.; Madden, John D.; Filipozzi, Luca; Hsu, G.; Poon, D.; Van Der Star, A.; Cheng, P.; Irwin, D. 2007

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Invited PaperElectroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2007, edited by Yoseph Bar-Cohen,Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6524, 65240P, (2007) · 0277-786X/07/$18 · doi: 10.1117/12.718042Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6524  65240P-1Downloaded from SPIE Digital Library on 30 May 2011 to 137.82.117.28. Terms of Use:  http://spiedl.org/termsTHE IEHEIVEROITYOF ERITISHCOLIJMEIA EIEwo)000NrS) DIRECTORIES) SEARCH CEO IDepartment ofElectrical Computer ACTUATOR SELECTION TOOL• Ero'neer'ngACTUATOR SELECTIONLEHHAOh (WW)*Width (WW)*ThjHkTE(WW)0I/HI HE (THea) - _III120000 ACERAEET- WETIEMEAT FHTHE (H)0 0.fH iEPIAHE MEet (ee)E HWHthfrHJ)WHThDETEiOH (hi/c3)dEAl StaiR )DiEPIAHEWETO /LETAOH) 0.2FAT) SpEHi His ETETAS (Mi/hg)0 HFAT) HEROICS )ht/FH3)0 _____________________SCATHE SpEHi His OCtET )W/hg)0 1000AWHAOiHTFTESHHETHH (Ho)0 0.1 —Ti ME I/HR otARt (C) (1.0010067401 302ff 3 JOCtET I/HAt (FeW) HL_ _I1pHOETDETEiOH )hW/FH3) (0.026FiTd AHTUTTHTHProc. of SPIE Vol. 6524  65240P-2Downloaded from SPIE Digital Library on 30 May 2011 to 137.82.117.28. Terms of Use:  http://spiedl.org/termsNarMlli..d Mark D.n.itu y• Sahanjail AMplifialtian — Pau.r D.n.itu104 101_______________________k0 20 40 60 60 100 120 140lApli cfttiflt thStk pCyTh BttyH *. 10-410—50.00 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.30 10—3 10—2Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6524  65240P-3Downloaded from SPIE Digital Library on 30 May 2011 to 137.82.117.28. Terms of Use:  http://spiedl.org/termsTypical Strain yeOparatinsStress70 -60a 50-aaa 40 -30a 20-1000 2 4 6 6 10 12 14Typical Strain (2)Material PropertiesMechanism CPMaterialAdditive S .7h% CNTDensity )hg/m'2) 1500Dielectric ConstantCondoctioity (s/cm)7 lhModolos (sPa) 7.2Tensile Strength )MPa) 255strainattreah(%) 4GeometryForm fiherLen 5th (mm)width (mm)Thich ness (mm)Doter Diameter (mm)Inner Diameter (mm)Volome)mm' 2)Nomherof StrandsElectrode PropertiesName ofElectrolyte PropertiesSolvent Type AQ1st Solvent H2D2nd SolventSaltHCIConcentration )M) 1Ratio (1st: 2nd Solotion)Anion Cl-Cation H+Coating Materialor Isotonic isotonicOperotiog CooditioosType of Cycling CVVoltage Mi)V) -S.2Voltage Mao. )V) S.SVoltage Difference )V) S.7Pdmary Avis) )%)(Se co n d a ry Avis) )%Con sta nt Load (NFregoency (Ho)Experiment ResnitsWork Density )kJ/m'3) 325Typical Strain)%) 0.85D peratin pptress )MPa) 82Pswer Density )kW/m'3) 1.2Power )W/kg)cycles )Minimsm)Efficiency )%)Electrschemica Istraincoefficient )%/)c/m'2))charge (mc)capacitance (F)Eandwidth (Hz)Strain Rate )%/s)stress Rate )MPa/s)stress Relas Rate )Actise))%/cycle)stress Relas Rate)Inactise) (PP/cycle)creep Rate )Actise) 5.1(PP/cycle)creep Rate )Inactise)(PP/cycle)Peak Power )W/kg) 2.51Peak Engineering StrainAserage Strain Rate )%/s) S.S1Aserage Stress Rate S.44)MPa/s)chargeAlolsme )mc/m'2)charge! Mass )m c/kg)capacitanceNslame)F/m'2)Electric Field Intensity(V/m)Snnrce InfnrmutinnScarce carkon-Nanotake-Reinforce d Polyaniline Fikersfor High-Strength ArtificialAsthor G.M. Spinks, V. Mottaghitalak, M.F .G. Whitten, P .G. WallaceIeeeProc. of SPIE Vol. 6524  65240P-4Downloaded from SPIE Digital Library on 30 May 2011 to 137.82.117.28. Terms of Use:  http://spiedl.org/termsNSI P_1 And din fly le led rats at aa, (. blse.tflig Pss.C.ts Nr).Material The particular active material used (e.g. Silicone or polyp yrrole or Multiwall CarhonAdditive Additiopal material additive Ic .o. partitles to i ocrease dielettrittopstaptoripfluepteI propertiesl.Deooito lho/m"?l Deooito of the attioe material.Dielettric 000staot Relatioe dielettric permittioito. Moot releoaot is dielectric elasto mers, ferroele otric elasto mersaod other dc ttrooit cAps.Coodottivity lv/tml elettropittopdu ttivity alopo the primary diretti op is mhith turrept flows. Not relevapt fordielettrits.Modulus lvFal Thepormalizedstiffpessof the attive material alop o the primary attuatiop axis.Tepsile Otrepoth (Meal The stress ahove mhith methapita I fail ore tommoply otturs.Otraipaterea h 1°/el The relative elopoatiop at mhith themateria I fails.GeometryForm Fiher, film, tuhe, hila yer or other geometry.Lepoth ImmI Lepoth of the attive material alop o the primary axis of attuatiop.midth ImmI midth of the attive material.Thith pesslmm I Thith pess of the attive material loot iptludip 0 pathagip o, separators ett .1.Outer Di ameterlmm I The di ameterof the active material lip thetaseofa fi her or tuheloper Di ameterlmm I The ipper di ameter of the active material lip the case ofatuheVolume 1mm" 31 The volume of active materials use d.Numherof vtrapds If multiple films, fihers ortuhes are used, hom mapyo ft hem are there?lcorps/tm I If the active material is moup d, hom tight is the mipdipo?Electrode PropertiesName of Material mhat material is used to mahe electrical coptact mith the active material?Electrolyte Propertiesvolvept Type The type of solves tip mhich iops are dissolved Ic .o. aqueous, orgapic, iopic liquid, gel orso lidelectrolytel.Dst volvept The domipapt solvept Ic .o. aqueous, acetopitrile etc .1.2pd volvept Ipcaseofamivture, the secop d largest compopept Ic .o. ethyl epe carhopateSalt The chemical pame for the iops added Ic .o. Sodium Chloride or Tetrahutyl ammopiumhevafluoro phosphatel.Copceptratiop IMI The salt copceptratiop.Ratio lost: 2pd Solutiop I The relative proportiops of the first apd secopd solvepts.pH The pH 1w hep aqueous solutiops are use dl.Apiop The apiop pame lrepetitiop of salt category ahoveCatiop The catiop pame lrepetitiop of salt category ahoveCoatipg Material Metal, dielectric or other material that coats the electrode.Isometric or Isotopic Is the testipg dope upder copstapt load lisotopicl, copstapt lepgth lisometricl or other?Th nfl. w' ..nt wiSn c.4 aVoltage Mm. IV) The lowest voltage used in operating the actuator (e.g. OVor- by)Voltage Max. IV) The maximum voltage applied (Peak tx Peak).Voltage Differente IV) The amplitude xf the applie dvoltage.(Primary Avis) 1°/c) The relative amount h ywhith the attuator is pre-stretthed along the diretti on of attuation.vetondary Axis) 1°/el The relative amount h ywhith the attuator is pre-stretthe d perpenditularto the direttion ofaxatixn.Constant Load INI Magnitude of forte a pplie dwhen operated under fixed (cad ton ditions.Frenuentv lHzl Numherofattuahontvtles ncr setond.Experiment Resnitsworh Density )hJ/m"3) The amount of worh generated per unit volume of attive materia ((not intludin g nathagin g,elettrodes, elettrolvte ett.)Tvpital Otrainld/ol Thestrain that is tvpitall vohserve d.C neratin g otress IMPa) The load normalized hy thetross-se tti on area.Power Density )hm/m"3) Themethanita I power per unit volume.Continuous Power lw/hg) The average methanital power under tontinuous attuation.Cvtles (Minimum) The numher of tytles at whith strain (or stress under isometrit ton ditions I drops to half of itsBffitientvld/ol The raho ofthe methanital worh outtothe elettdtal energy in.Blettrothemita I Otrain Theamountofstrainohtaine d per unit tharge, per unit volume I primarily for tondu ttingCoeffitient lo/o/IC/m.'.3ll polymers.)C harge (mCI The ahsolute amount of tharge transferred.Capatitante IF) The total tapatitante of the tell.Bandwidth 1Hz) Therateatwhith the attuatorstrain (or stress) drops hy go 0/0Otrain Rate 1°/c/sI The average strain per un it time.otress Rate )MPa/s) The average stress per un it time.otress Relax Rate (Active) The average rate at whith stress thanges under tonstant load.I %/ty tieotress Relax Rate (Inactive) The peah rate at whith stress drops (under isometrit ton ditionsI %/ty tie ICreep Rate (Active) lo/o/tytlel The peah rate of tree p during actuation (typitall yunder tonstant load)Creep Rate (Inactive) The maximum rate at whith tree p is o hserved under fixed dc ctrital tonditions (typitally atlo/o/tytlel tonstant load)Peah Power lw/hg) Themavimumohservedmethanital powerPeah Bngineedng Otrain (°/o( Themavimumstrainohserved.Average Otrain Rate (°/o/s( The typ ital strain rate.Average Otress Rate (MPa/s( Therateatwhithstressisthangin g I primaril ytaltulate d for isometrit measurements).Charge/ovolume (mC/m"3( The amount of tharge transferred per unit volume of active material.Charge/Mass(m C/hg) The amount of tharge transferred per unit mass of active material.Capatitante/ovolume (F/m"3( Thetharge divided hy the voltage, normalized h yvolume.Blectrit Field Intensity (V/mI Theintens ity of the elect nt field applied (primarily used to destri he actuation in dielectritsBnnrEe nnfnrmutinn Areferente to the puhlitation from whith the data are ohtained or, if unpuhlishe d, the groupfrom whith the data originated.AuthorThe names of the authors or providers of the data.Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6524  65240P-5Downloaded from SPIE Digital Library on 30 May 2011 to 137.82.117.28. Terms of Use:  http://spiedl.org/termsMichanism Matinal Work Typical Avanca' Opanatina Powin SoundDensity Strain Strain Stress Density(k]/m3) (¾) Rote (MPa) (kW/m3)(¾/s)IPCSa 02 2 01 illunder dc ctrnchemicul utiA. Muzzn 'di, C. Degt Innncenti, M.Michelucci, 0. Dc RunniCP Pnlyuniline 5.3 3 5.5517 Actuutiue prnperti en uf pnlyuniline fiberntiunder dc ctrnchemicul utiA. Muzzn 'di, C. Degt Innnnenti, M.Minhelunni, 0. Dc RunniCP Pulsuniline 43 1.3 0.04 3.3 1.4 Pnlyunilineuctuutnrn: Purt 1. PANI(AMPS)tiin HCIP. Smelu, Hf. Lu) P.R. MuttenCP Pulsuniline 45 1.5 0.01 3.3 0.33 Pulyunilineuctuuturn: Purt 1. PANI(AMPS)in HCIP. Smelu, Hf. Lu) P.R. MuttenCP Pulsuniline 25 0.04 0.03 3.4 0.25 Pnlyunilineuctuutnrn: Purt 1. PANI(AMPS) Jin HCIP. Smelu, Hf. Lu) P.R. MuttenCP Pubs yrrule 35 1 0.01 3.5 0.35 Cunducting Pubymern Plectru menhuninu I LIActuuturn und StrumG.M. Spinku, G .G. Hfullune, L. Liu) 0. ZhuuCP Pulyuniline 61 0.72 0.03 0.5 0.61 Pulyunilineuctuuturn: Purt 1. PANI(AMPS) LIin HCIP. Smelu, Hf. Lu) P.R. MuttenCP Pulyp yrrule 12.0 0.0 10.6 CumpurinunufCundu cting Pulymer LIActuuturn Puned un Pulyp yrrule DupedHfith Pf4(-), Pfb(-), CfSnuS-, und C1u4-T. Zumu, S. Huru) Hf. Tukunhimu, K.CP Pulyp yrrule 11.2 0.7 15.2 CumpurinunufCundu cting PulymerActuuturn Puned un Pulyp yrrule DupedHfith Pf4(-), Pfb(-), CfSnuS-, und C1u4-T. Zumu, S. Huru) Hf. Tukunhimu, K.CP Pulyuniline 104 0.61 0.02 17 1.03 Pulyunilineuctuuturn: Purt 1. PANI(AMPS)in HCIP. Smelu, Hf. Lu) P.R. MuttenCP Pulyp yrrule 12.5 0.5 20.5 CumpurinunufCundu cting PulymerActuuturn Puned un Pulyp yrrule DupedHfith Pf4(-), Pfb(-), CfSnuS-, und C1u4-T. Zumu, S. Huru) Hf. Tukunhimu, K.CP Pulyp yrrule 12.4 0.75 22 CumpurinunufCundu cting Pulymer LIActuuturn Puned un Pulyp yrrule DupedHfith Pf4(-), Pfb(-), CfSnuS-, und C1u4-T. Zumu, S. Huru) Hf. Tukunhimu, K.CP Pulyuniline 99 0.35 0.01 25.3 0.55 Pulyunilineuctuuturn: Purt 1. PANI(AMPS) LIin HCIP. Smelu, Hf. Lu) P.R. MuttenCP Pulyuniline 51 0.15 0.01 34 0.51 Pulyunilineuctuuturn: Purt 1. PANI(AMPS)in HCIP. Smelu, Hf. Lu) P.R. MuttenCP Pulyuniline 325 0.55 0.01 62 1.2 Curbun-Nunutube-Reinfurne d PulyunilineFibern fur High-strength Artifiniu IG.M. Spinku, V. Muttughitulub, M.Puhrumi-Suniuni, P.3. Hfhitten) 3.3.Hf ullu ccProc. of SPIE Vol. 6524  65240P-6Downloaded from SPIE Digital Library on 30 May 2011 to 137.82.117.28. Terms of Use:  http://spiedl.org/termsProc. of SPIE Vol. 6524  65240P-7Downloaded from SPIE Digital Library on 30 May 2011 to 137.82.117.28. Terms of Use:  http://spiedl.org/terms

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