UBC Faculty Research and Publications

Self-reported work patterns and work-related injuries amoung high school students in British Columbia.. Koehoorn, M.; Breslin, C. 2003-10-31

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Self-reported Work Patterns and Work-related Injuries among High School Students in British Columbia Koehoorn M1 2, Breslin C2 3 1 Department  of Health Care & Epidemiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver Canada; 2 Institute for Work & Health, Toronto Canada; 3 Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto Canada  INTRODUCTION •  RESULTS – WORK PATTERNS  The purpose of this study was to conduct a survey of high school students in British Columbia to describe self-reported patterns of work and to calculate work-related injury rates.  Types of Work Reported by Students* :  Figure 1: Average self-reported hours of work per week in the summer and the school year 30  15  10  5  METHODS  G  G  ra  ra  de  de  P. G eo rg e Ea st Va n W es tV an  11  10  al e  0  A  • Work-related injuries with health and work consequences beyond those resulting in compensated lost-time  20  al e  • Underreporting of injuries to compensation systems by inexperienced and vulnerable workers  Summer School Year  25  M  • Youth sensitive estimates of exposure time at work for a transient workforce  42.7% 26.5% 21.1% 16.3% 15.8% 11.2% 7.8% 7.5% 7.0% 5.7% 5.6% 2.3%  Fe m  • Child Care • Food Services: • Retail: • Office/Clerical: • Parks & Recreation: • Construction: • Factory: • Odd Jobs: • Farming and Related: • Arts and Entertainment: • News Media: • Other: *Students report multiple jobs per year  Mean Hours  Lost-time workers’ compensation claim data indicate an increased risk of injury among young workers. Claims indicators likely provide an incomplete picture of work injuries among youth. The use of additional data sources, such as surveys, can address the following issues:  ve ra ge  •  RESULTS – WORK-RELATED INJURIES Figure 2: Work-related Injury Rates† per 100 Full Time Employees by Demographic Characteristics  Cross sectional survey of Grade 10 and 11 students, administered in the fall of 2001 and the spring of 2002.  •  Random, stratified sample of schools in three districts of British Columbia: East Vancouver (4 schools), West Vancouver (2 schools) and Prince George (7 schools). •  •  •  Students reported on work for pay in the past 12 months, types of work (e.g. retail, food), work-related injuries (e.g. burns, sprains) and injury consequences (medical attention, work/school absence). Exposure time at work was estimated by summing the product of selfreported weeks of work and hours per week for both the school year and the summer. Injury rates (injuries/100 full time employees) were calculated using injuries resulting in both medical attention and absence from work/school.  Types of Injuries Reported by Students*:  30  • • • • • • • • •  25  Cuts: Bruises/contusions Burns: Strains and sprains: Back injury: Bites: Head Injury: Fractures/dislocations: Other:  65.5% 49.8% 45.3% 24.3% 18.1% 11.1% 7.4% 4.0% 7.6%  † Based on Injuries resulting in medical attention and work/school absence  20 Injuries per 100 FTEs  •  15  10  5  * Students report multiple injuries per year  STUDY POPULATION Survey Population (n=3061)  Working Population (n=1710)  Injury Population (n=468)  Reportable Injury † Population (n=50)  Mean Age  15.7 years  15.7 years  15.8 years  15.8 years  % Female  50.6%  50.6%  44.0%  38.0%  % Grade 10 (vs. Grade 11)  49.3%  44.1%  40.3%  44.0%  Region Prince George East Vancouver West Vancouver  26.3% 50.0% 23.7%  35.8% 41.5% 22.7%  41.1% 44.5% 13.4%  56.0% 30.0% 14.0%  Survey Characteristic  †  W es tV an .  e  Va n. Ea st  eo rg P. G  11  10 ra de  ra de G  M al e  G  Fe m al e  O  ve ra  ll  0  DISCUSSION •  The self-reported rate of 19.7 injuries per 100 FTEs for the survey population (ages 14-18 years) compares to the BC provincial claim rate of 3.6 claims per 100 FTEs (ages 15-24 years) for the same year.  •  Differences between the survey injury rate and the provincial claims rate may be as a result of the survey capturing informal worksites not covered by the compensation system (e.g. farms) and all injuries regardless of compensation status; and the use of broader definitions of medical attention and absence from work/school.  •  The survey provided an opportunity to estimate youth-sensitive measures of work hours for calculating injury rates, as opposed to estimates of FTEs using total payroll and average industry salaries for calculating claim rates.  •  The survey provided a useful tool for broader surveillance and research into exposure time at work, and the prevalence of workplace injures among youth.  Medical Attention and Work./School Absence This research was supported in part by Scholar Award through the Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research.  


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