Investigating Our Practices (IOP)

Student Engagement : Enhancing Student Achievement and the Appreciation of learning in High School Khodaeifaal, Solmaz 2017

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Student Engagement: Enhancing Student Achievement and the Appreciation of Learning in High SchoolsSolmaz KhodaeifaalMaster of Education in Curriculum and LeadershipIOP Conference 2017Faculty of EducationUniversity of British Columbia, Vancouver © Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 201721st Century Students© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017Figure 1: Engaged and motivated students with digital technologies and social media (Google images of high school students with digital devices, 2017) This is a way to bring science and math closer to the students and make them more “user friendly.”© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017QUESTIONHow can teachers improve students’ success and their appreciation of learning content in science? © Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017Answers!Student Engagement and Motivation!Social Media and Digital Technology© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017QuestionWhy do students seem to lack an appreciation for the learning of the course content?© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017Problems! Ignoring students’ perspectives, opinions, and ideas ! Regarding only the decisions and points of view of teachers, administrators, policy makers, and parents ! Student’s lack of involvement and engagement! Less time on interactive activities and less active roles! Failing to appreciate the intrinsic value of the curriculum content! Low attendance, achievement and graduation rates! Disregarding use of social media and digital technology© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017QuestionHow Might Students Be Helped to Develop an Appreciation for Course Learning? © Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017! Consider students as the best “source of data and a force for data collection and analyses” ! Listen to the students’ perspectives and opinions, then regard their viewpoints ! Consider the students active engagement and Involve them ! Focus on learning activities, which support students’ autonomy! Provide students with a high level of challenge for their tasks and skills! Transform learning to a “real-life and real time for students” ! Let them choose according to their own interest! Be selective in choosing the curricular content© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017! Let them demonstrate their abilities, skills, efforts, and capabilities by being involved and intellectually engaged in learning! Encourage them for collaboration and communication! Motivate and engage them! Foster students’ intellectual and institutional engagement ! Provide them with your feedback and encouragement = give them a feeling of enjoyment = flow experiences = a state of deep absorption in an activity that is intrinsically enjoyable ! Help them to believe themselves that they can perform well = an efficacy in student engagement © Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017QuestionWhy Is Student Engagement Important in the Process of Learning the Course Content?© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017Answers! Bring them “a sense of belongingness and commitment.”! Reflect a student’s “concentrated attention, interest, and enjoyment,” which counter boredom, alienation, apathy, laziness, and lack of interest with instruction and education. © Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017QuestionWhy Should Teachers Engage and Motivate Their Students?© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017ProblemPISA 2015 Results: 68% of fourth-grade students and 43% of eighth-grade students enjoy learning science and this rate decreases dramatically by increasing the students’ grades in high schools. (OECD, 2016b, p. 121)© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 201701234567Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8 Grade 9 Grade 10 Grade 11 Grade 12Increase, in Percentage PointsAverage Annual Increase in the Percentage of the Intellectually Engaged Students(Adapted from Dunleavy, Milton, & Willms, 2012, p. 6) © Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017QuestionWhy Does the Use of Social Media Motivate Student Learning?© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017RECENT SURVEY RESULTS ! 22% of teenagers log on to their favorite social media sites more than 10 times a day !more than half of adolescents log on to a social media site more than once a day. ! 75% of teenagers now own cell phones ! 25% use them for social media ! 54% use them for texting! 24% use them for instant messaging (Schurgin O’Keeffe & Clarke-Pearson, 2011, p. 800)© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017Result Now, They are extremely engaged and concentrated on activities = Complete involvement = Intellectually engaged in and motivated by their learning = Experience serious personal, psychological, and cognitive investment in learning = A feeling of content appreciation © Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017Key Factors of Student Engagement that Effectively Impact Students’ Achievement and Their Success! Encouragement ! Interest ! Enjoyment !Creativity !Collaboration !Communication !Concentration (British Columbia Ministry of Education, 2015; OECD, 2016c) © Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017Intellectual Engagement“a serious emotional and cognitive investment in learning, using higher order thinking skills (such as analysis and evaluation) to increase understanding, solve complex problems, or construct new knowledge.”         (Willms et al., 2009, p. 7) © Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017ConclusionEnhance Students’ Appreciation for Learning and Their Achievement in High School with Engaging, Motivating students, and Utilizing Social Media and Digital Technology.© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017References! BC Ministry of Education, Provincial Reports: https://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/reporting/province.php! Dewey, J. (1916). Democracy and education. Champaign, Ill.: Project Gutenberg. Retrieved from http://pdfbooks.co.za/library/JOHN_DEWEY-DEMOCRACY_AND_EDUCATION.pdf! Dunleavy, J., Douglas Willms, J., Milton, P., & Friesen, S. (2012). What did you do in School Today? Canadian Education Association. Toronto.! Dunleavy, J., & Milton, P. (2008). Student Engagement for Effective Teaching and Deep Learning. Education Canada, 48(5), 4–8.! Dunleavy, J., Milton, P., & Willms, J. D. (2012). Trends in Intellectual Engagement. What did you do in school today? Canadian Education Association. Toronto © Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017! OECD (2014), TALIS 2013 Results: An International Perspective on Teaching and Learning, OECD Publishing, Paris, http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1787/9789264196261-en. ! OECD. (2016a). PISA 2015 Results in Focus. http://doi.org/10.1787/9789264266490-en! OECD. (2016b). PISA 2015 Results (Volume I): Excellence and Equity in Education (Vol. I). Paris: OECD Publishing.! OECD. (2016c). PISA 2015 Results (Volume II): Policies and Practices for Successful Schools, PISA (Vol. II). Paris: OECD Publishing.! OECD (2013d), PISA 2012 Results: Ready to Learn (Volume III): Students’ Engagement, Drive and Self-Beliefs, PISA, OECD Publishing, Paris, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264201170-en. ! Schurgin O’Keeffe, G., & Clarke-Pearson, K. (2011). Clinical report — The impact of social Media on children, adolescents, and families.© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017! Willms, J. D., Friesen, S., & Milton, P. (2009). What did you do in school today? Transforming classrooms through social, academic, and intellectual engagement. Canadian Education Association. Toronto.! Willms, J. D., & Friesen, S. (2012). The Relationship Between Instructional Challenge and Student Engagement. What did you do in school today?Canadian Education Association. Toronto.© Solmaz Khodaeifaal, 2017

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