Workshop for Instruction in Library Use (WILU) (45th : 2016)

To Badge or Not? : Towards an intersection of neoliberalism and information literacy instruction Ford, Emily; Lottes, Jost May 30, 2016

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To	Badge	or	Not?Towards	an	intersection	of	neoliberalism	and	information	literacy	instructionEmily	Ford,	Assistant	Professor,	Urban	&	Public	 Affairs	Librarianforder@pdx.eduJost Lottes,	Research	Associate,	 Institute	on	Agingjost@pdx.eduPortland	State	UniversityWorkshop	 for	Instruction	in	Library	Use2016Agenda• Badges	Background• Neoliberalism	(in	less	than	5	minutes)• Project	Background• Our	Study• To	badge	or	not?• DiscussionJost LottesA	badge	is	a	visual	representation of	a	skill,	achievement,	disposition,	or	knowledge	gained.213Social	GerontologyFall	2014• In	person•45	students• Information	literacy	curriculum	with	badges• In-person	library	instruction,	3	sessionsWinter	2015•Online•53	students	• Information	literacy	curriculum	without	badges•Online	activities,	feedback	on	all	IL	assignments	from	librariannadinemuller.org.uk/academia-and-mental-health/neoliberalism-mental-health-in-academia“I don't want to sell anything, buy anything, or process anything as a career. I don't want to sell anything bought or processed, or buy anything sold or processed, or process anything sold, bought, or processed, or repair anything sold, bought, or processed.”-Lloyd Dobler, Say AnythingPSU	&	Public	Health	EducationInstruments•Pre- and	post- surveys• Information	literacy	skills	confidence/use/perceptions• Student	approaches	to	learning• E.g.	Knowing	what	I’m	going	to	learn	and	how	I	will	use	it	is	essential,	important,	don’t	care…•Badges	post-survey	inquired	about	badge	utility	and	useGeneral	Findings• Student	skills	confidence	higher	after	course• Increased	use	in	library	resources	after	course•Post-survey	comparison	shows	higher	student	confidence	in	IL	skills	after	the	course	with	badges	than	the	course	without	badges.• Students’	desire	for	transparent	learning	outcomes	much	higher	in	badges/in-person	coursesFrequency	of	Use	– Without	badges	– Pre-surveyFrequency	of	Use	– Without	Badges	– Post-surveyPlease rate how confident you are with the following information/research skills.With	Badges	- PostWithout	Badges	- PostUsing	Google	or	other	search	engines 4.80 4.53Evaluating	websites/	information	sources 4.47 4.41Choosing	and	defining	my	research	topic 4.47 3.94Distinguishing	between	different	kinds	of	information	(e.g.	scholarly	vs	popular,	etc)4.80 4.29Choosing	quality	information	sources 4.73 4.35Choosing	library	databases	to	search 4.60 3.88Choosing	keywords	to	use	in	a	search 4.47 4.12Creating	effective	searches	(using	AND	and	OR) 4.47 4.24Modifying	my	search	to	retrieve	more	relevant	search	results 4.60 4.29Choosing	search	results	relevant	to	my	research 4.80 4.47Properly	citing	sources/	avoiding	plagiarism 4.40 4.35Understanding	peer	review 4.60 4.41With	Badges	- Pre-SurveyEssential	to	my	learningUseful…	but	not	necessaryUnnecessaryWithout	Badges	- Pre-SurveyEssential	to	my	learningUseful…	but	not	necessaryUnnecessaryWith	Badges	- post-surveyEssential	to	my	learningUseful…	but	not	necessaryUnnecessaryWithout	Badges	- Post-SurveyEssential	to	my	learningUseful…	but	not	necessaryUnnecessaryLimitationsPhoto	by	Chris	Whitehttps://flic.kr/p/6k5ir8Neoliberal	problem?youthkiawaaz.com/2013/04/sorry-you-cant-afford-an-education-if-you-dont-have-big-bucksSo…to	badge	or	not?commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AToutes_directions.JPGReadingsAbramovich,	S.,	Schunn,	C.,	&	Higashi,	R.	M.	(2013).	Are	badges	useful	 in	education?:	 it	depends	upon	the	type	of	badge	and	expertise	of	learner.	Educational	Technology	Research	and	Development,	61(2),	217–232.	Albanese,	M.	a,	Mejicano,	G.,	Anderson,	W.	M.,	&	Gruppen,	L.	(2010).	Building	a	competency-based	 curriculum:	the	agony	and	the	ecstasy.	Advances	in	Health	Sciences	Education :	Theory	and	Practice,	 15(3),	439–54.	Brasley,	S.	S.	(2008).	Effective	Librarian	and	Discipline	Faculty	Collaboration	Models	for	Integrating	Information	Literacy	into	the Fabric	of	an	Academic	Institution.	New	Directions	for	Teaching	and	Learning,	(114),	71–88.	Cary,	K.	(2012).	A	Future	Full	of	Badges	- Commentary.	The	Chronicle	of	Higher	Education.	Gordon,	L.,	&	Bartoli,	E.	(2012).	Using	Discipline-Based	 Professional	Association	Standards	for	Information	Literacy	Integration:	A	Review	and	Case	Study.	Behavioral	&	Social	Sciences	Librarian,	21(1),	23–38.	Levidow,	L.	(2002).	Marketizing	higher	education :	neoliberal	strategies	and	counter	strategies.	 In	K.	Robins	&	F.	Webster	(Eds.),	The	Virtual	University?	Knowledge,	Markets	and	Management (pp.	227–248).	Oxford:	Oxford	University	Press.	Lozano,	J.	F.,	Boni,	A.,	Peris,	J.,	&	Hueso,	A.	(2012).	Competencies	 in	Higher	Education:	 A	Critical	Analysis	from	the	Capabilities Approach.	Journal	of	Philosophy	of	Education,	46(1),	132–147.Moser,	F.	Z.	(2007).	Strategic	Management	 of	Educational	Technology--The	 Importance	of	Leadership	and	Management.	 Tertiary	Education	and	Management,	13(2),	141–152.	Meulemans,	 Y.	N.,	&	Carr,	A.	(2013).	Not	at	your	service:	building	genuine	faculty-librarian	partnerships.	Reference	Services	Review,	41(1),	80–90.Pagowsky,	N.	(n.d.).	Keeping	Up	With...	Digital	Badges	for	Instruction.	ACRL	Keeping	Up	With...Schneckenberg,	D.,	Ehlers,	U.,	&	Adelsberger,	H.	(2011).	Web	2.0	and	Competence-Oriented	 Design	of	Learning--Potentials	and	Implications	 for	Higher	Education.	British	Journal	of	Educational	Technology,	42(5),	747–762.	Schulte,	S.	J.	(2012).	Embedded	Academic	Librarianship:	A	Review	of	the	Literature.	Evidence	Based	Library	&	Information	Practice,	 7(4),	122–138.Sleeter,	C.	(2008).	Equity,	democracy,	and	neoliberal	assaults	on	teacher	education.	Teaching	and	Teacher	Education,	24(8),	1947–1957.	Smith,	K.	(2012).	Lessons	Learnt	from	Literature	on	the	Diffusion	of	Innovative	Learning	and	Teaching	Practices	in	Higher	Education.	 Innovations	in	Education	and	Teaching	International,	49(2),	173–182.	Wheelahan,	L.	(2007).	How	competency-based	 training	locks	the	working	class	out	of	powerful	knowledge:	a	modified	Bernsteinian analysis.	British	Journal	of	Sociology	of	Education,	28(5),	637–651.	Wheelahan,	L.	(2012).	The	appropriation	of	constructivism	by	instrumentalism:	The	case	of	competency-based	 training.	In	Why	Knowledge	Matters	 in	Curriculum:	A	Social	Realist	Argument.	New	Studies	in	Critical	Realism	and	Education (pp.	126–144).	New	York:	Routledge,	Taylor	&	Francis	Group.	Wheelahan,	L.	(2015).	Not	just	skills:	what	a	focus	on	knowledge	means	for	vocational	education.	 Journal	of	Curriculum	Studies,	47(6),	750–762.	

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