BIRS Workshop Lecture Videos

Banff International Research Station Logo

BIRS Workshop Lecture Videos

Applications of Elliptically-Polarized, Few-Cycle Attosecond Pulses Starace, Anthony

Description

Use of elliptically-polarized light opens the possibility of investigating effects that are not accessible with linearly-polarized pulses. This talk presents new physical effects that are predicted for ionization of the helium atom by few-cycle, elliptically-polarized attosecond pulses. For double ionization of He by an intense elliptically-polarized attosecond pulse, we predict a nonlinear dichroic effect (i.e., the difference of the two-electron angular distributions in the polarization plane for opposite helicities of the ionizing pulse) that is sensitive to the carrier-envelope phase, ellipticity, peak intensity I, and temporal duration of the pulse [1]. For single [2,3] and double ionization [4] of He by two oppositely circularly-polarized, time-delayed attosecond pulses, we predict that the photoelectron momentum distributions in the polarization plane have helical vortex structures that are exquisitely sensitive to the time-delay between the pulses, their relative phase, and their handedness [2-4]. These effects manifest the ability to control the angular distributions of the ionized electrons by means of the attosecond pulse parameters. Our predictions are obtained numerically by solving the two-electron time-dependent Schrödinger equation for the six-dimensional case of elliptically-polarized attosecond pulses. They are interpreted analytically by means of perturbation theory analyses of the two ionization processes.

*This work is supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences (BES), Award No. DE-FG03-96ER14646.

[1] J.M. Ngoko Djiokap, N.L. Manakov, A.V. Meremianin, S.X. Hu, L.B. Madsen, and A.F. Starace, “Nonlinear dichroism in back-to-back double ionization of He by an intense elliptically-polarized few-cycle XUV pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 223002 (2014).
[2] J.M. Ngoko Djiokap, S.X. Hu, L.B. Madsen, N.L. Manakov, A.V. Meremianin, and A.F. Starace, “Electron Vortices in Photoionization by Circularly Polarized Attosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 113004 (2015).
[3] J.M. Ngoko Djiokap, A.V. Meremianin, N.L. Manakov, S.X. Hu, L.B. Madsen, and A.F. Starace, “Multistart Spiral Electron Vortices in Ionization by Circularly Polarized UV Pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 94, 013408 (2016).
[4] J.M. Ngoko Djiokap, A.V. Meremianin, N.L. Manakov, S.X. Hu, L.B. Madsen, and A.F. Starace, “Kinematical Vortices in Double Photoionization of Helium by Attosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. A (accepted 19 June 2017, in press).

Item Media

Item Citations and Data

Rights

Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International