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BIRS Workshop Lecture Videos

Non-adaptive Data Structure Lower Bounds for Predecessor Search Brody, Joshua


In this work, we continue the examination of the role non-adaptivity plays in maintaining dynamic data structures, initiated by Brody and Larsen [BL15]}. We consider non-adaptive data structures for predecessor search in the w-bit cell probe model. Predecessor search is one of the most well-studied data structure problems. For this problem, using non-adaptivity comes at a steep price. We provide exponential cell probe complexity separations between (i) adaptive and non-adaptive data structures and (ii) non-adaptive and memoryless data structures for predecessor search. A classic adaptive data structure of van Emde Boas solves dynamic predecessor search in $O(\log \log m)$ probes. For dynamic data structures which make non-adaptive updates, we show the cell probe complexity is $O(min{ (log m)/(log(w/log m)$, $(n log m)/w) })$. We also give a nearly-matching $\Omega( min {(log m)/(log w)$, $(nlog m)/(w log w) })$ lower bound. We also give an $\Omega(m)$ lower bound for memoryless data structures. Our lower bound technique is tailored to non-adaptive (as opposed to memoryless) updates and might be of independent interest. Joint work with Joe Boninger and Owen Kephart.

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